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T HE GUARD.
" published every Wednesday, by JOSSELYN & LEWIS, At S3 per Axsra is advance. Q3AdTerlIsement9 Inserted at One Dollar per Square for the first Insertion and Fifty Cent for each continuance. SEVENTY-SIX. BT WIU.U5I CIJI.LEX ERTAST. What heroes from the woodland sprung. When, through the fresh awakened land. The thrilling cry of freedom rung, And to the work of warfare strung, The yeoman's iron hand. Hills flung the cry to hills around, And ocean mart replied to mart, And streams, whose springs were yet unfound, Pealed far away the startling sound In the deep forest's heart. Then marched the brave from rocky steep. From mountain river swift and co!J, The borders of the stormy deep. The vales where gathered waters sleep, Sent up the strong and bold. As if the very earth again' Grew quick with God's creating breath, -And, from the sods of grove and glen, Kose ranks of lion-hearted men. To battle to the death. The wife, whoso babe first smiled that day, The fair fond bride of yestereve, And aged sire and matron gray , Saw the loved warriors has!? away, And deemed it s:n to grieve. Already had the strife L?gun, Already bleed ca Concord's plain Along lbs spring5i:g grass had run, And blood had Lowed at Lexington, ; Like brocks of April rain. The death stain tn the vernal sward Hallowed to freedom all the shore; In fragments fell the yoke abhorred - The foots?.; r 3 of foreign lord Profaned the soil more. Variety. Trom tht London Morning Chronicle. ANALYSIS OF THE MINISTRY. This day Sir Robert Peel and his collea gues meet Parliament for the despatch of public business. We shall soon see what they will do, and what they will not do. In the meanwhile we have prepared an ana lysis of this administration, in order that the public, by perceiving what its several mem bers have formerly done, and what constitu ents they are responsible to-, may form some estimate of what they are likely to do. First and foremost comes'Sir Robert Peel, the Piemier 'par excellence, for in order to give hi undivided attention to the affairs of his party, he has separated the two offices of Frst Lord ol the 1 reasurv and Cnanceliorct the Exchequer, which have hitherto been al ways held together, whenever n Commoner has been first lord, so that Sir Robert thus saddles the country with the additional ex- penie of paying 5,000 a year to Mr Goul burn for domg his duty at his deputy Chan cellor of the Exchequer. Sir Robert Peel has been so long before the public that it is need less to say much of him. He is remarkable for being always behind hand on great ques tions; he begins by opposing and ends by adopting, or sometimes even by carrying them hfmself. Thus, in early life, he was the champion of a paper currency until he merged into the hero of cash payments. Then, in 1S27, he defended his desertion of Mr. Canning on the plea that Canning would not be able to resist the repeal of the Test and Corporation Act, and yet which acts, not two years later, he himsalf as a minister of the Crown did not hesitate, on a motion of Lord John Russeli's, to repeal. His crowning and more flagrant change on the Catholic question stuck in every body's throat except his own, for he has declared in Par liament that he prides himself on it. There is no disputing about taste, but he seems to have had enough of this pride, for now he never calls black black, but with such reser vation .that when the time forchanging comes he may show that his black, is a most respectable white. This is the Premier a man who has noto.-iously ratted on three great qnestions. He now sits for his own close borough of Tamworth. having been: turned out of Oxford University in 1S29 by his present supporter, Sir Robert Inglis. Lord Stanley has the honor of being Sec retary for the Colonies under Sir Robert Peel, after having held the same post under Lord Grey. He it was who abolished the church rates, and twelve bishoprics in Ireland and introduced the present system of Irish edu cation, which the Tories denounced as a mutilation of the word of God; and yet under these same Tories the noble lord now zeal ously and humbly serves, opposing all his former friends and principles, and protesting thathe.forsoofh, has rever ratted. He sits for the northern, or agricultural division of Lancashire. Sir. James Graham, the Home Secretary, u a mere follower of Lord Stanley, and, like all followers, caricatures the errors of his leader. He was thought too radical for LordGrey's government, but contrived to screw himself in, and then deserted. His next feat was to denounce Sir Robert Peel audhis government in 1835, and to lake See under him in lS-il. He was turned ut of Cumberland in 1S37, but afterwards ootamed (how we will not say) a seat from r jorm uwen ior his close borough of Pern croe;ana he now sit3, on .sufferance, for e close borough of Dorchester. Lord Aberdeen, the Forei2n Secretarv.'ia a dull high Tory, who, with all honesty of , w-, - '""'u '-j j.ci4.ciiiiiwii ana Don Miguel in 1S23, as he has just now ten by Louis ir.:.:;ppe ant Guizot. Lord Haddington is a Tory cf the waver Sag school, who having failed in Lis govern haudat the Admiralty. Lord WharncliiTe U one of the sarr.a school ft .... r - -ora itzgerai'1 u a s;n:ut7 Ir. .t qenLe man, highly delighted at finding himself a Parana a cabinet minister. The Duke of Buckingham is of r Mhool, perhaps his owrT sciiccl. II pro Lfl ROBERT JOSSELYN, Editor. claims -himself "the farmers fand just as formerly he was the Wen loliin "planters friend." But unless we are much misinform- fed, these planters, afer having pud ths ex-j pensesofhis Buckinghamshire election bv i way of a retaining fee, were thrown ov; r ly 1 him on the slavery question, just as 'now' perhaps he will traffic "the fanners" for a blue ribbon and an embassy. Sir Edward Knatchbuli is of the sams far mers' frtsnd high Tory school; lut whether he will be able to make as good a bargain of them as the Duke of ..Buckingham, re mains to be seen. Perhaps he iniy pet a peerage. At all events ha hr.s his place, why or wherefore no one knows, except, perhaps, for the sake nf degrading him for holding it under Sir Roht. Peel, after having, in 1629, denounced and renounced him for his breach of faith, "yvsyuxm tuta 'Jtdes." Mr. Goulburn.is another of the ultra-Tories; he is a pensioner, to, and is now rdso receiving 5,000 a year from the public for doing Siriobt. Peel's work as Chancellor of the Exchequer- He ratted on the Catho lic .Question. -, lis sits for the University of Cambridge. . . Lord Ripon deserves peculiar notice, for he is the greatest, and, if we may use so hard a term, the meanestcf a" known rats. He has ratted and run away from every man, even his own self. His public hfe began by introducing the bread tax in IS35, and he followed Lord Cast'ereagh to Vienna, to suck in the Holy Alliance doctrines of the Congress there; then he veered round to the more liberal policy of Mr. Canning, and got a peerage from him; and actually, on his death became Prime Minister of this coun try for a few months; but frightened at hi3 own feebleness, he resigned without even daring to meet Parliament. ..Then, -when curled by the Duke of Wellington, he turn ed himself into a Reformer, and obtained the Colonial office from Lord Grey, but being found utterly incapable there, he was super seded by Lord Stanley, and exchanged the Colonies for the sinecure place of Privy beal and an earldom, when having secured this, he ratted next year back again to the Tories, under whom, after having been a Prime Min ister and a Secretary of State, he now holds one of the lowest seats in the Cabinet; the verv same which he held some four and twenty years ago. Ratting and poorness of soul can go no lower. Sir Henry Hardinge, the Secretary at War, is a military follower of the Duke of Wellington. He ratted with the rest of them on the Catholic question, in 1S29. lie sits for the Duke of Northumberland's borough1 of Launceston. Sir George Murray is another oft he Duke of Wellington's military followers. He broke his pledge to the Dissenters of Perth shire, and was rejected, therefore, at the next election. Since when he has been re jected by Westminister in 1837, and by Manchester in 1S41. Lord Lyndhurst, the Lord Chancellor has been accused of have ratted from the Whigs; but he defended himself by declaring that he ratted direct from the Republicans to the Tories. He also ratted on the Catholic ques tion m lb29. So also did the Duke of Wellington, who, though holding: no responsible office, yet exercises great authority in this Cabinet by himselt and by his followers. lhese, then, are the fifteen ministers who orm Sir Robert Peel's cabinet, and of these it is worthy of remark that no less than two thirds, that ten of them are rats. Seven uving ratted on great questions which at the time were considered vital, and for vp- Iiolding which they had taken office, or to which they were m honor pledged, while three others have openly ratted from office on one side of the house to office on the other, and one of these (Lord Ripon) has actually performed this feat backwards no less than three times alread v. Again, of these fifteen ministers, eight are in the house of Lords, and therefore, independent of all constitu ents, another has no seat in either house; and of the six who do sit in the Commons, one represents a university; ?three others sit for close boroughs (the Premier himself is one of these,) and two represent counties. Thus of the whole cabinet to which the af- airs of this country (boasting of its repre sentative government) are entrusted there are precisely two two members only who are connected with the people and real rep resentation, fc these .two represent counties. The towns and great marts of our industry have no voice in this Conservative Cabinet. And if it be thus with the Cabinet, it is the same, or rather worse, with the subordinate members of the government. 1 here are twenty-seven of them who have seats in tne house, and of these seven sit for counties, (one or two of them close Scotch counties,) aga seven oiners su ior unmount"" cultural towns, such as Easl-Retford, Wen lockPotarhnzton, &c; the only exception beincr Belfast; and there is if we err not, a petition against Mr. Tennent, its present member. The otner imneen must iws dent gentlemen, sit either as representative; ot themselves or ot some lory nomiuaw.. For instance, two of the most important ffices under the government, the two Sec- rrvshins for the Treasury, are now held hv mere nominees: the one, Sir Thomas hein" the nominee of the Duke r n,i-tn-h-!m fwhat will he do about Ui iUIVUJi,""" rnm nmv? nnd the other, bir Ueorge utar , rsf T.ord TWeter. Acain, Sir nii3 k , fiporrs nnrtburn the re :i head of the Aunv, raltytis responsible to whom? to what cc:i stitue ats? To a respectable old lady o c;p:;- ty, Mrs. Lawrence, ot Studiey. Ihcu ...r Robert Peel's own brother, Ui3 ..Surveyor General, are the mere nominees of Loxd Sandwich. Lord Aylesbury, t 'Vr ics a hMeflr.F m?nitr to this Dcr-uiar covera - ...ft.w.v - f i W and Mr. Henrv Baring. And Lord Bute A HOLLY SPRINGS, make? up Lord Sandwich's complement of law, by sending Dr. Nicholl, his nominee's Ju'-ge-Advocate General, to sit beside the other's nominee Attorney Gensral 2ow, in the name of common iense, how are leral. mivah and Tree rjrv affars honest- y and impartially to be trar.suctej by these irresponsible nominees, vl:cn by accident they come in collision w ith the rquests or the interests of their sturdy nominators? We wi'it not weary our readers bv gciog through the whole of this nauseous list, unless we are challenged to do so. We hare staled quite enough to awaken t! ' constitutional suspicions of the country, en I to show them how the administration airs has once more reverted to the House of .ords and its nominees. The day is their own just now, but it will b? short and useful. The peo ple, disappointed of their expectations, and seeing that nothing but a Tory reaction - has been brought about, wi!S soon begin to ask one another whether it is fitting, after the passing of their Reform Bill, that this country should be ruled by an administration com- Fu ; OI - mere nummees, changeling rats, and Tory Peers. They will remember that aI of them (excepting a few of these rats) did, at the time of the Reform Bill, declare themselves the supporters of the old rotten borough system, and which their ;reat com i e mander and. counsellor, the Duke of Wel lington, pronounced to be the perfection ol political wisdom. Practically that system ha?, in the present Parliament, been brought back again; and it behooves us much to take especial care, lest by registration bills and other devices, it be not legally re-enacted. Sir Robert Peel has set a good example, by bringing in himself, hi3 brother Jonathan, and his connection Sir George Cockburn, all for close boroughs. Why would he not, like Lord John, stand for London. The Indians. The Burlington, Iowa , Ga zette says: "We understand that the princi pal chiefs of the Sac and Fox nations of In dians have made application to the War De partment at Washington to be permitted to visit the seat of Government, with the view of concluding a treaty for a cession of a por tion of the country "at present owned by them to the General Government. A gen tleman well advised of the sentiments of the Indians, and direct from their country, assures us that they are not only willing, but anxious to sell a portion of their lands, say one half. f . Not Bad. A worthy fffan died, leaving a rich and beautiful widow. VThe clergyman of the parish, a widower, accompanied her home from the grave, and spoke in condo ling tones of the loss she was bewailing. The clergyman being a kind, tenderheart ed man, told her, by way of consolation, that her loss was not irreparable, and intimated to tier, that he should be happy at the prop er time to marry her. To which the widow replied, kOh, my dear sir, you are too late; the deacon spoke to me at the grave." WHITE SLAVERY. What would be said of our southern plan ters if, when the labor ol their blacks be come unprofitable.thev should permit them to STARVE TO DEATH, men, women and children f This is the precise condit-on in wh.ch titudes of British laborers now find them selves. Their masters having received all the profits ot their labor heretofore, beyond the bare means of subsistence,and finding no thinji is now to be made bv them. TURN THE 31 OUT TO STARVE, with their wives and children We are not the advocates of slavery, but we submit which system is most abhorrent to justice, humanity and religion, that which compels the master to support the laborer when his labor is no longer profitable, or that which employs him for a bare subsistence as ong as anv thing can be made bv his labor, and then turns him out to starve! Answer, ye blind philanthropists, who ex laust your benevolence upon objects bevond the ocean while thousands of white slaves are perishing around you. Union Dem. Comparative Loss on Gold and Paper as a Circulation. Mr. Page, o distinguished English writer, has, from the reports of the Eaglish and A- mencan mints, ascertained that there is a loss on gold coin by wear and tear of 4-16th per cent, in a century, which is less than 1-liUth per cent per annum; and so that ol every lUU coined in any particular year, there would remain over 97 7s. 10d. in real value at the end of 100 years. A com parison is next made of the expense of a paper currency, which, at 2 1-2 per cent, as stated by Mr. Norman, (of the Bank of En gland,) is found to be fifty three times grea ter than the loss bv wear on a gold curren- cy. it tne expense ot a paper currency be 2i per cent, per annum, this, on a sum of 20,000,000, will amount in 100 years to 50,000,000, while the loss by wear on a gold currency of 20,000,000, during the same period, is only 922,000. The differ ence is, therefore, 19,078,000. Agriccxtcre favorable to Liberty. In Great Britain there are but 916, 000 families employed in agriculture. In the United States there are 3,000,0001 In the former, there aie about 2,000,000 persons employed in manulactures: in the latter, 791,000! rfrMr. Gordon in his late speech in Con fess, stated "that since New York had been in UUA. lesion of the whigs, the state debt had run up-from t!irc to twest siiluo.ns. A. pretty big business this, for a' rule of , three or four ears, i ML, MAY IN I The people of i! .:l CO rurv must h ave ot served the extra ' r ! eralism has of late tended abuses and economy. To ins! c'anwr v hichFed- ; up and rc-tcrm ;md Wis'zerv in d r power, was at ones cheap Gov- eiuuu'ui 1' leuuce !avp ri manifold abuses about which such a riot was ; a Lruier oecba, to explain, the stor?. of the keptup bo ince-ranthas been the cm mU.CoUon wUh a vicw to correct an er-. mation to the r.a paruymg, rectify hi-, sane-, for lUat hxd become prevalent, and had even l"i"S urg: a DV tne assailants Vt, Democracy, that tl;aasan"is I lave reiinauisii-t eu me r know .it'rn At ; r in t .i npmm . r " ' - - - w u t n. wii iii L in i : i i ti ! i - -0- w r --- -- J ait proiession ot devotedness to the cause of the people, at least s.- far as relief from pe-i ... cuuidry ouruens was concerned. Yes, thou-! sands vho still saw m Federalism its ancient ambition for political power, were led to imagine that it had ceased to be mercenary that it hid at last learned how indispensa ble it was h those pretending to patriotism, to seem lo je disinterested and that in con formity wi;h these views, it had resolved to sacrifice avarice to ambition; and to gain power, had surrendered all sordid schemes. Under ths impression, multitudes of Repub licans, wlohad been persuaded that the pe cuniary dstress of the country had grown out of the administration of the Government, and not tie mal-administi-ation of the banks, gave their favor to the Federal party, in the hope that they would perform the prom ise of administering immediate relief to the monetary disorder of the country. They risked the distant dangers of their political creed, forthe promised practical good, which was supposed so immediately at hand. In this state of feeling in New York, apos tate confarvatlsm was enabled 1 to lead great bodies of the Democrats into the ranks of Fed eralism.Knd the election of Seward, Whig ma jorities t both branches of the Legislature, was the (consequence. Then the reign of re form bejan, and it resulted in embarrassing the Empifa State, which stood at the head of Ameri can eVedit, with an. enormous, debt having ex hausted, in visionary schemes, an overflowing treiurv, competent to the full development of its v bote well plantecand well directed system of public improvements. In Pennsylvania the same scene was enacted. Eitnes and Feder alism were brought into power under jthe same influences which piei'ailed simultaneously in New York and the Keystone State, which be fore had founded all its substantial works, of all sorts, upon the secure Democratic arches, -de livered every thing over lo the management of federalism. At that moment every man in the Union considered the credit of honest Pennsyl vania imperishable, and all her State estabhsh- 1 ments beyond the power of any thing but an earthquake to unsettle: To what were they soon reduced by the corruption and profligacy Lof the Federal misrule? Her credit and her currency and her publicworks were all ruined together. The General Government has now gone through the same process. Whiggery and re form have had full swing for more than a year in Congress and in the Executive councils -and the credit, which the .Democratic Administra- 1 1 on 1 17 r ror? swa f -w (ha T3o -timaia nnirvinoiii. pies.anu me mstory ot the party privilege .m even if it were ract CouUi reject no dis this country as wed as in all other countries,' crejit fm the , r it co;amanderio' that cam and yields to the momentary belief, that! pai,n, la view vt the erwho!minr superi tiere must be some sincerity in such passion-! ; , ntt of n nmhpis and .disdrnrn.- nf mul-Jedthe constUlltionai currency. which was still maintained as the medium in all the transac tions of the Government the national sources of revenue, which were still husbanded and re lained to sustain the character of the Govern- ment, while they imparted strength and ability tons finances, have all been dissipated. They ' have vanished like apparitions, as if there nev er had been any thing substantial in the prosper ity with which the country had so long been blessed. How the party now -,in power have succeeded in accomplishing such miracles of mischief in so short a time, is really a subject worthy of investigation. We are jiot verv fa miliar with the mode in which they applied their magic arts in the several States, where they have succeeded in prostrating every thing j mg the request by an appeal to those high and which Democratic economy and good sense had j chivalrous teeiings which he well knew anima built up; but the jugglery of Wrhiggery at Wash- ted the American warrior. Nor did he appeal ington we had an opportunity of lookioz into, j in vain. "Go," said ; General Jackson to Mr. Some of the slighi-of hand here, we shall have occasion hereafter to expose 3lobe. PROGRESS OF THE VICTORIES. We have already had occasion repeatedly lo remark upon the triumphant progress of Dem ocracy during the spring, and that not only States and districts, but cities, those strong holds of Federalism, were giving us victories. New York and .Baltimore appear with vastly increas ed majorities: New Orleans, Albany, Portland, are new acquisions; and to these the city of St. Louis is now to be added. And the city once dis graced by the Hartford Convention came with in two votes of redemption at the late election. The usual majority of federalism has been from 500 to 800. The charter elections are just over there, and were severely contested, and resulted in a universal democratic success. For the first time since party lines were drawn, that city is under democratic colors the mayor, the ma jority of the councils, and the officers of almost every grace oeing morougniy aemocrauc. in most of these cities the rederal Government hotdsagreat patronage, and has wielded it noio- toriouslr and boldly for political effect. Demo- cratsof the most approved integnty and capaci ty, have been thrust out to make room for braw line politicians who present cl-aims for office like accounts for payment,and who refer to their past exertions as the pledges of what they will do in future, and wun me aavantage oi oincia station. By these means the men in power ex pected to become invincible; on the contrary they became contemptible. They lose the ci ties they had, and their victims are elected lo hih places- See rneur! ejected by the Presi dent from the custom-house at New Orleans and elected by the people mayor of the city.' Never did a political party loss as much in as short a time a3 Federal whiggery has lost in one short year. At the rate it goes on, it wi; be extinct before the Presidential election c 1841. Globe. ' i- r a speech y'i legislature ! in t':e "rcat hites several r v ho acted cf hu'W t Us new ;.3 u ma "Mr. Da; ti J this nv . d h r.sd have permit ,i Liin so Ion Zt 1 : ti v. , to have paved at or.ca i a vota without fur ther remask frum hhn, had lie not left unre- - rnt nii ,h h?tfi. nfilm mpmm-n!r m. . ; . r v,. -.-t .,i.- w tt;9 enpnly f5e was called toueal with. But U v.al- not true, ;md it' was proper that the lacts should be known, bz ihe etfect what it mi -lit. ' -' Ths commanding General had taftea the precaution for ha omitted no precaution hieh mkht contribute lo the safety of the w reat city to prevent any iboat from float ii" down, and thus filling into the enemv's hands, being determined, if they crossed the river, thev should do it in their own boats. On the 29th Dec a flat bo3t was floating down the river, with co one on board, hav in" evidently parted from its moorings at the wharf. Cotton, at that lime was a mere drusr, not commanding a price that warran ted its transhipment and storage, and such as arrived was left in the boats. On board this boat, were 29 bales. Gen. Jackson im mediately ordered it to be towed ashore, to pre vent it from drifting into the enemy's camp. The bales were rolled on shore, within our lines but some thirty yards from the bastion, and in the rear of our men during the battle; and there they remained on the Sib of January, and were seen by the six hundred British prisoners, taken in the redoubt on our left, who, as some solace in their captivity, raised the story of our fighting behind cotton bags! But our ramparts were of Louisiana earth, not formidable in themselves, but because there were behind them that which was more solid than brass more impervious than the diamond the indomitable breasts of freemen, led on by tho Old Hero. This was the wall against which the pride of Britain roll ed like the maddened waves striking against a rock planted in the ocean, and sternly smiling at the infuriated flood. A single fact would suffice to show the height of thijj boasted bastion of soil, which British captives and British writers have transformed into barricade of cotton bales. When Packen bam fell wiiliin three hundred yards of it, the horse he mounted, of high race and blood, young, wild and full of life, became frightened and ran directly towards our lines, and with a sin gle leap, cleared the ditch and bastion, and be came a captive tool The noble animal was brought, yet quivering in his fright, and presen ted as spolia opima to the commanding general. This was one of the incidents of this great battle. Of the four chief officers in command of the Brilbh army on the 8ih,two were killed on the field, and one was sent to the fleet severe ly wounded. Gen. Lambert was the only offi cer who escaped, and he was not engaged on that day. Gen. Kean, the wounded officer, when carried off the field, left his sword and it was picked up by the brave Tennesseans who were scouring the field in search of muskets, and brought to Gen. Jackson. We had then, not only tho horse of the British General-in-chief, but the sword of the next in command; and it was of great beauty and value. When Gen. Kean recovered his senses, his first thought was ot nis swora. jennis rrieur, wno naa been taken orisonerin the battle of the night of the 23d and well known since as mayor of the city and collector of the port, and more recent ly as the victim of that persecuting spirit, lhat puts men out of office for interfering in elec tions one way had been parolled, and was the bearer of a letter to Gen. Jackson, in which he requested him to return his sword, saying that it was the treasured gilt of a friend, and back' Lavingsion, aeuver mis swora to ijren. ivean. God forbid that I should separate the weapon from hira to whom his dying friend bequeathed it.1 THE JUSTICE OF BANKING. 'rom a , speech in the British Parliament by Henry Brougham. "It is monstrous, my lord, that anv man or set of men, corporate, or otherwise, should have the power of making money cheap or dear, at will; combining, the office of regula tor of national currency with that of bank ers that thev should be both the money ma kers and the money dealers that thev should have the privilege at any one period of in undating the country with an immense a mount of paper currency, thereby stimula ting speculation as well as trade, laising pri ces, wages and profits, and at another peri od drawing in their rags, screwing up all le gitimate sources of credit, as well as capital, and thereby lowering prices and wages, and diminishing profits, producing a stagnation of trade, ruining merchants and manufactu rers by the hundred, and speading misery and wretchedness among thousands. Meat for Hexs. A late number of vour paper, Mr. Editor, spoke well in respect to feeding and housing towls. The writer omitted to say that meat is essential to kee ping fowls in good condition, and making them lay well. During the summer, fowl! eat worms, flies, bugs, grasshoppers they eat meat. In winter, buy for thenrfish and flesh of the cheapest kinds such as is often wasted. Cut it fine, and see them eat it Then gather the eggs, and you will need no arguments to prove that this is profitable feeding. S. W . . w Ac; England Farmer, it was not true that our army was -sneiierea ov couoii u-ici-s. ana " Ul i l t lit Ljv'lUt - 5 - . w AGIUCtJLTTjilAk." ) Tuiaa Aozzcxvtvzai. Meetis3 at xnE Stats I U-rsE CrLT'74Ttoxo? the Potato. 'Mf Cola V.trr cf tl.o FjirrH7rsJMrna!,said ha considers mure letter tnan thai . ''.hi vtt-:J. Crop b5t v. here manure is ; ..t ia the h".'.!. p uhcr t!ri th: II :rv?f.r. 2 should not b Icr or first of Oeto' :r. i U Urg, crsrr.aU seed leit! 1U had mada -the experiment, petting in - the Lilt id one row a sinqle large potato; in another row two smalfcnes.The large seed" gave sis; . bushels, where ih$ small gave five. Borne .. tines the difference is greater than this. One rentleman. in Tew lork, whosa experience Mr. C. related, has caused ava- ety to improve by selecting large seed; ana o had another man. of his acquaintance. who had selected for thirty years. Some varieties at limes give tut lew oaus; ana i not the production of balls aa indication of degeneracy? ; The taking ca iba blossoms nas oeen our. J to increase the. crop.- bometimes it ias nearly doubled the produce. Uace Mr. C. collected balls, where they equalled one- burth the crop of potatoes. Covering deep always has injurious el- fects upon this .crop. Where the seed is placed deep m the crounu, the roots striKo out from the stem near the surface and dis tant from the parent seed, " Mr. Dode of Hamilton, stated that soma farmers put the manure above the seed in the-hilbvmd inquired whether any one pra sent hud tried this method, and could give the results. A gentleman replied, that whether it was a rrood course depended upon the sou. Where that is dry, he was understood to prefer the manure xm top; but where wet the manure should be below the seed. Mr. Stone, of Beverly, stated that th3 question, by w hat means the greatest amount of thi3 crop c,aa be obtainedfrom a given soil is an itr 3rtant one. Is any one kind ol manure cr mode of culture preferred to all others? A Mr. Barnum.of Vergennes, Ver mont, states that he has produced 1,000,1, 200, and even 1,500, bushels' per acre. He -is ia a colder climate than our3, and is on a clay soil. He plants in drills running north and south; the drills twenty inches apart and six deep, manure in the bottom, Beeds six or ten inches apart. Soon after the potatoes are up stir the ground between them, but does not hoe. Then carts on rubbish of all . kinds that he caa get, and covers the ground over. He says if you hoe, you make pits, and after rain there will be a crust. If you hill, drought may pinch. His application of a oating of old hay, straw, brush, &c, is more expensive than hoeing, but is more profitable. Mr. S. " then asked, can such a course of culture be adopted here Mr. Alger, of Chelsea, stated that, on lands where he was told lhat if he did not put a spoonful of lime in the hill the worms would spoil his crop, he applied the lime, excepting to a small part. Where there was no lime, the worms troubled him, but did not where he limed. He inquired whether it was best to cut the seed. Mr. Stone of Beverly, suffered from worms where he used barn mauure, but not where he applied muck or seaweed. Mr. Lathrop, of South Hadley, stated that for this crop, he ploughs well, turns the furrow flat, spreads long manure, and har rowit in. Cuts his seed, if large. Makes no furowor hole; puts the seed on the sur face, and barely covers it. In this way he srets his lai crest crops. If however, he had but little manure, he might put it in the hill; but, if so, he would keep the manure up at the surface. ' Mr. Merriam, editor of the Cultivator, thinks that if the soil is best to use coarse manure, and put it under the potatoes. Lut in other soils he would not do tnis, tor lresu strong manure under them is apt to pro- uce worms. If the manure be spread, tne worms do not appear. Many of our farmers have yet to learn the great advantage of cultivating extensive- ' y root crops, as a winter for stock. A arge proportion of our time and strength is expended in procuring this feed. It is now principally hay and corn-todder. J he aver age quantity of hay to the acre is less than a ton and a half; but fifteen or even tweniy tons of carrots and mangel wurtzel are not very extraordinary. The expense of raising these roots is considerable, but commonly it does not exceed $8 per ton. There can not be a doubt that, as food for cattle, two tons of them are worth at least as much as one ton of hay, and that stock kept in part on roots, are in better health and con dition, and make more valuable manure." Thsse views are' sound, but they do not go far enough, as Mr. King might- have added, that milch cows, il thus led, would yield more and richer mi lk, and consequently more and better butter, whether regard be had to color or flavor. We have thought it our duty to make this extract from the i- 7 -. - .Ml paper oitnis writer, because mere is sun time for farmers to practice on his- excellent suggestions, and ha3 prove by. their own experience (the best of all teachers) the .i e .i wrt t tu rum oi mem. vny is n uiai.inucu uuns all off so materially in the fall and winter in their usual quantity of milk? Why be cause, being deprived of succullent grasses and fead on dry hay or fodder, tne substan ces taken into their stomachs, are not of a character to encourage the secretion of milk. Amancan rarrner. . Colic or Grubs. I give you here a re ceipt for curing horses of colic "or grubs. I have tried it more lhan a dozen times with severe cases' of bellyache,. (whetherjYom colic or grubs I cou'd not say,) and without fading in a single instance to allord almost in stantaneous rel.itf. ' Simply rub the large vain oneither or both sides of the neck of the horse with Spirits of turpentine. Rub it in strongly ihe whole length of the neck over the vein, and in twenty minutes the horse will be re lieved. One or more Guinea-hehs in a. flock 'of fowls, it is said will effectually prevent molestation from hawks.