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1 . f ( i H 5 r THE GUARD. HOLLY SPRINGS:: :,PHIL 19 -jTiTSored that Dr. Gwin -h wriUen a letter to the editor of the Coitus Dem- , i- .1 o ra-ulidate for re cCrat declining to be a ca- tlection to Congress We I. ope liie uoctor will per-nit the people in use his name in s they can elect him, l.e ensuing canvas convention would have 1 although the h'e had tliey dared. ! reacted him. Iluafr Tishemingo! l he lenlt tt. f.qii We learn that a large Z ion in h 1 n.eetin" of the gallant democracy of Tish rTwas held on the first day of its late circuit court, at which resolutions were ad- j : il p Tncison convfn'inn tea. CJuaciiHii" -n . - i ,,mrr(.nri;n" another. Roll on tiiat a ItLum""-" o ta'i! : I TT'Read the interesting article which we I extract from the Pontotoc Tribune in rela- I . .v. o npr rent fun-J, the late act of I UUIl iu me j ! Congress and the action of Gov. Tucker. rr-p- We would call the attention of our readers to the very sensible and well vrit ! tea communication which we re-publish to I dav from the Panola Register, signed "J, V. L.' The public mind shoald be arous .,J to the importance of improving our nav iable streams. OURSELF. r,tnp. nf the democratic naners. who ad rocated the late Convention and adhere to i:s nominations, are very busy with their insinuations, that we are laboring for the h:gs,and intimate that wc lad better join them at once. Now we have never since we first thought seriously upon political sub- s jects, felt less love for the whig principles and measures and less inclination to co I ftperatewith them than at the present time I It is our warm desire for the permanent pop and controlinii influence of the dem j ocratic party, which leads us to oppose all movements, come from what source they I may, which, in our judgment, are calculated 1 to weaken and eventually destroy it. When, at the earnest wish of many of our personal I and political friends, we undertook the res I ronsible duties of an editor, we determined I that our course should be marked with con I ciliation as well as independence, that we I would avoid equally the charges of subser 1 vlencyor dictation, and that we would at all times exhibit that proper respect for the filings and opinions of others which we had a right to claim from them in return. With our brethren of the democratic press in this State, we anticipated no important cilTerence of sentiment, and expected to co operate with them in all honest efforts to itiengthcn and sustain the democratic party ! and expose the dangerous principles cc meas- ures of the whigs. Our opinions upon the f ua A.oc;,.n uerp those held by lh larce I rcaovitv of the party, as set forth and maintained at the last general, election and I wc had no'reason to suppose that an attempt would be made to force a new issue upon' 1 . . . .i r I i tr.e party. Jude tnenoi our surprise, wnen assailed by the Vicksburg Sentinel for our defence of Mr. Thompson upon the subject cf the Planters' Bank Bonds, and when its id!e and harmless personalties were re-echo- J ed by the Mississippian, so long the central organ of "the Democracy! Here w'as our irst material difference with any portion of I the democratic press of this State. In re- si sting the repudiation of the Planters' Bank I bonds, did we evince any dispositioi to join the whigs? Will the Mississippian and its f humble train of followers ?ioio assert this? I The parly was with us upon this subject, and, in giving our own honest and unpreju diced opinion, we did but express the gen eral sentiment and the developments of the public mind are proving it. Our efforts .were not made to injure the party, but to sustain it and prevent its being injured by the wild and reckless policy of Dr. Hagan. lire democrats to be denounced as deserters cf their party, who do not subscribe to all the peculiar notions of the Doctor? Does tlemocracy consist in believing as Dr. Ha gan believes jand doing what ths Doctor says must be dontl If so, w e have few dem ocrats in North Mississippi, and the Free Trader and Paulding Clarion, Columbus Democrat, &.c, may at once charge the de mocrats generally of the Northern counties with desertion of their party to aid the hvfrigs, for they are as culpable and liable to . t i i .. pe cnaige as our numble self. Ve are not ulonc. The attempt to denounce us is an attack upon the sterling democracy of the State, whose views and sentiments we have jfairly represented. When the first move .ment for a convention at Jackson on the .22d of February was made, we mildly ot jected to the day, not to the place, and gave pur reasons, which from lime to time we repeated and urged, but without effect. Wre said nothing of "cliques" at the seat of gov ernment, but wc did earnestly warn against th datr cf a convention, hastily held, at an impro; ;t season, and not fully attended fine nv position in regard to this bond ques I r-T:. . . j. .lion. If I did not know how easy it was to nor tairiv, epresentsns; tne democracv ot the State. Was this aiding the whigs? Kad we been at heart opposed to the success of the party, we should have rejoiced in the formation of an unpopular ticket. But we deprecate such a result. We strove to prevent it. We; advocated a convention i- -1.1 ' " . I . . I. -v wrucn migiu nave unneu u:e pariy. uur counsels were unheeded. What has been the consequence?! Broad and deepand abi ding dissatisfaction among the people. Whose is the fault? Not ours but our accu- sers. U the partv is inreaienea nun ueieai, who are blameable? Not they who want ed a full and fair convention, but tiie hastv and inconsiderate who prevented one. Up on them rests the responsibility. Do they desire harmony and united action? Let them evince it by declaring a willingness to hoid another convention. What have they to fe ar, if it be true as ctserted, that the pre sent nominations are such as the people de sire and approve? Wby not let the trial be made? This is ail we ask. And for this, we are told by the very men, who have brought division and disunion upon the party, that we "had belter join the whigs." Now these gentlemen could very well spare, perhaps, the editor of the Guard, but would they have the thousands of democrats who with him disapprove the convention and its nom inations, 'join the whigs" also? If so, where are the votes to come from which will elect the ; present nominees? But we shall not take the advice of these gentle men, although we will offer a little in re turn. We sav, then, instead of denouncing us and attempting to bully aud drive the democracy into a compliance with their wishes, let them retrace their'steps and a, tone for their former errors; let them evince an honest disposition to conciliate and unite and harmonize by agieeing to meet us in general convention, where all differences maybe settled and the party triumph se cured by popular nominations. LETTER FROM THE HON A. G. BROWN. We have received the following Letter from the Hon. A. G. Brown, which we pre- r-' . . . 1 i r sume, Horn its contents was mienaea ior the public eye. As he requests us therein to make certain statements a3 a matter of mstice in relation to himself, to prevent any mistakes or misunderstandings, we have thought proper to publish it entire, that it may speak for itself and be its own explana tion. If our readers, after its perusal should be enabled to see and understand the Hon orable Gentlematn's position, we shall be "lad of it. For out self, we confess, that w e are still at a loss to comprehend him clearly He seems to be suroundei with a fog which, we suppose, after a while w ill disperse and then his opinions will shine forth in their wonted brilliancy. He denies that the question of "general repudiation had any thing to do with his nomination, and cites the action of the Convention upon Mr. Mo ore's Resolution, that the State would pay all its Constitutional debts as evidence Now it so happens, that the rejection of this very Resolution is refered to by Dr. Hagan to prove that the Convention was in favor of his darling scheme of "repudiating al public debt." Which is right, the Doctor or the Jude? Quere de hod as old Tallai bola would say. His Honour is opposed to the repudiation of the Planters Bank Bonds but he seems equally averse to their pay ment by the ppople. He acknowledges their constitutionality, while he shrinks rom the open and manly avowal, that the State should discharge them after all other iable assets and means have been exhaus ted. The question ot increased taxation is not before the people and if the Hon. Nonv inee of the Convention be honest in his op posilon to the repudiation of those Bonds, why so insidiously harp upon that? He would not interpose the Executive Veto to prevent the people from paying the bond or any portion thereof, but, for the "prosper ityof the State,' he would vote against the proposition at the ballot box. They shall ne ver be paid, if he can prevent it, until the whole domestic debt, funded and unfunded shall be paid and the credit of the State fixed upon a -firm and solid basis. In short, his honor appears'tobe opposed to the repudiation of the bonds and in favour of never paying them If we can understanding, at all, he is like the famous candidate for the legislature in Lin coin, openly, frankly, undisguisedly and flat footedly, both foi and against the "Mill Dam Quere how will Doctor Hagan like the let ter. , " - ; -. . Gallatlx Mis., April 12, 1S43. Robert Josselyn Esq. Dear Sir. In a late number of the Kol ly Springs Guard the question is asked "will they (the Planters Bank bond payers) vote for GenerahBrown, while he remains suent, and the Galtatin' Signal a paper pub lished m lhe town of his residence, is strongly urging the repudiation of these oonas; ana in the same number of The Guard," a correspondent calls on me. to de find fault with those whom we are deter mined to oppose, I should feel amazed that vou shouta attempt to arraign me lor o- pinions expressed by an editor, either in my own town or elsewhere. If it will be any satisfaction to you, or to others, you may know my own declarations now made, that I have as little connexion with "the Signal" published in the town of my residence, as I have with "the. Guard" published in Holly Springs; and I have no more control over its editorials, than I have over those of the "London Times;" and in the name of jus tice, 1 now protest against being held res ponsih'e Lr the opinions expressed by any man on earth, friend or foe, until I have adopted them as my own, or in some manner j recognized them as orthodox. A1 to defi ning my position on ti bond question, 1 had hoped that neither the haste of friends, nor tiie n i re j r es e n j t i ons of enemies, would have complied me to appear befoie the public, until I had conclu.U-d my judicial; labors on the sprint ciicuit now about to commence, and to close the first of June, the more especialy as there would then be ample time to make my opinions generally known, and to canvass 'hem thoroughly., It is not true that I was nominated with a view to the lepudiation oi t.i Planters' Bank bonds. No friend of mine had any such object in contemplation; at least none such was communicated to me. The con vention so far as I understand its disposition, was inclined to avoid the question of repu diation, and" to meet our opponents on the old battle, ground where wc have so often and so signally triumphed, but from which we were driven in ISiO. It was not expec ted by me, when the nomination for Gov ernor was accepted, that any new issue wa to be made, or any other questions urged. The convection emphaticaljy declined ma king the bond question the issue, by laying resolutions on that" subject on the table, without consideration. (1 am . understood of course as alluding to tne resolutions oiterea by Mr Moore of Lowndes.) How it has come to be urged in the northern counties that I was nominated with a view to universal repudiation is a question which may be best ecided by those who have made and pro- novated the unlounaea assumption, ijui when my individual opinions are stated, it seems to me that a sense of propriety would dictate that I should be allowed to speak for myself, and that I should not be judged by what "a paper published in my. own town may say." .wiyn my. opinions are. is a question .which Twill decide for myself, and will in good time make that decision known to the public. , and in a manner not to be misunderstood. At present it seems doubtful whether I am' to be the candidate of the party. If I should not be, the public will feel but little interest in Knowing what mav be mv views, if I am, every issue will de fully and fairlv met, and openly discussed efore the public in speeches and printed addresses. As 1 think you have done me some"injustice,"vou will hot think 'it wrong it i asK vou to say puuuciy, tnai no one uas ever been authorized to declare that l was in favor of repudiating the Planter's Bank bonds, and if I canvass the btate no sucn position will be assumed bv me. It 1 am elected, it will not be because lam a repudi ate!: I hold that the Planter's Bank bonds were issued under the sanction of the con stitution. It there was any thwig illegal in their sale, I have yet to learn it. I believe the people as a community may bind them selves ior the payment ol money borrowed and thatthev have so bound themselves in regard to the Planters' Bank Bonds is inrnv opinion,sufficiently manifested by the pro viso to the 9th section ot the 7th article o the constitution. Ihe obligation being set tled in my own mind, the first question which presents its self for consideration, is the ways nnd means of liquidating that ob ligation, and this is a point which 1 wished an opportunity of discussing at the same time that 1 gave the hrst intimation ot my views so that the puolic mind might not re ceive any unlavoraoie oias irom not tuny tit it understanding mv position. Ims 1 cannot do in the short compass of a letter, and if could I now have not sufficient time. I have always looked to the Mississippi Rai Road company, the sinking tund and the Planters' Bank, as the means of paving some part of this debt, how much cannot of course be ascertained, until these several !unds are taken in hand, investigated, and their true condition understood. I do not concur in the opinion that the "transfer act," as it is called, deprived the bond holdeis ot any hen which they had un the Planter's banK, prior to its passage. But this is a question of law which must ultimately be settled by the courts, if the agents of the Bank take a different view of it. It is easy to perceive that the bond holders will never attempt to inforcea disputed lien, if the people submit to a payment of heir demands by taxation, and I am decidedly in favor of leaving them to all these other remedies, before a resort is had to that last desperate one of taxation. The country in its present depressed condi tion could never submit to an increased tax. And unless there should be a rise in the great staple, (an event not to be anticipated until there is reform in our, national legisla tion,) the people will soon become clamorous tor decreased taxes. However we may be bound to pay we can never be bound to sur render any part of our national birth-right, nor yet to prostitute ourselves or our fami lies, in a vain efforijto liquidate an onerous national debt. It is not so denominated in the bond, and if it were, no righteous judge or people would inforce it. If Shylock were told to take his pound of flesh, it would be on the express condition that he spilt not one drop of blood. I take it for granted, it will be many days before the people will demand an increased taxation to pay Plan ters' Bank Bonds or any other kind of bonds. But if .they should ever do so, the only res sistence they will encounter trom me, will be at the ballot box, when I. deposit my vote Though for the orosperity of the State, 1 should regret to see the people take such a course yet they have an undoubted right to doij; and it would-be a usurpation hi their Lxecuttve to sav nau. But whatever mav b?' the taxes imposed, or whatever may be ihe state of t!,e treasury, I shourd stoutly re sist any appropriation from that source to pay Bonds o( any kind, until al! outstanding treasury warrants funded and unfunded, were taken up and the credit of the State at home placed an a firm and steady basis. After this if there was a surplus in the treasury, over and above all present and ac cruing demands, and the people's represen tatives should, upon full consultation deter mine to appropriate? it to the balance due the Planters' Bank bond holders, they ought not to encounter the Executive veto a delicate power entrusted to the Executive, for" wise and salutory purposes, but never to be exercised except to check unco..slitution al, hasty, unequal or grossly unjust legisla tion. I have run out this letter rrmch longer than I intended without saying half that 1 wish to say, or that I would say, if I had an opportunity. There i.j to be a great meeting nt Holly Springs s:on, and before 'that meeting, 1 should like Uz my position to be under stood. It will be out of my power to be there in parson, ai;d I may have no chance of being there by proxy. I have no cir.im on you u pi;bhh this letter, and 1 do not ask it. But I do ask you to publish before it meeting, a denial that 1 was brought out witn a view to tiie repudiation of the Planter's Bank Bonds: or that 1 am favoring heir repudiation and I shall be obliged to you f you will say that whenever another conven tion meets, I wish to be considered as submitting ny name to its consideration, if it is a conven ion of numbers, assembled for the purpose of reflecting the popular will, its nominations will be regarded by me, as the rightful candidates of le paity. JNo other kina of convention .1 am persuaded wil 1 ever attempt to puf forth candid ates, with the expectation of having them sup ported by tne whole party. Verv respectfully, vours &c, &c. A. G. BROWN. What great meeting at Holly Springs does the Jude allude to? We have heard of none. Editor. For the Guard. ' MAD DOGS. We have understood that there are some mad dogs ia this town and vicinity, and it. be- looves-us to i3e on our guard .against them. The place is fall of dogs, which ate permitted to run atlarye night and day, and I would res- 'pectiy suggest the propriety of our Board of Selectmen taking this matter m hand and pas- ig some, uog law, to compel me owners to keep them at home or have them killed. The sad accidents which, have happened at Mem phis should make them move promptly in this matter. C .UTION. From the Southern Tribune Gov. Tucker The two per cent fuxd Cuickasaw floats. Gov.- Tucker arid tne Hon. Jacob Thompson made a visit to this place last week, upon business ot a pub lie but very interesting character. During tht lastdavs of the late session of Congress, our representatives procured the passage' ol a Saw permitting the JLxecutive of the state to enter any public. land in the state suo'ect to private entry, with the 2 per cent tune relinquished, by the distribu tion act, subject to the- same purposes and trusts as the money fund itself. Jn other words, it permitted the state to take land in stead of money to be appropriated to the construction of the rail road from Brandon east. The act was passed in view of this state oi facts. For several years past, some G or TOO sec tions of land, embracing among them as fine lands as any in the Chickasaw cession, have been covered by floats of Indians purporting to have been found, west of the Mississippi river. These claims were believed to be fraudulent, and pending the examination of them, the lands were held up from sale, and it became evident at length that they would be rejected by the War Department. Most of the lands, however, had been oift red at pubiicsale, and therefore fell within the graduating principle, provided by the treaty, which at this time .brought them down to 121 cts, an acre. The idea was very hap pily conceived by our representatives, that if the consent of Congress could be ob tained to take land in lieu of money, it would accommodate an empty treasury and be ot great benefit to the state. The act was accordingly passed, and immediately afterwards, Mr. Spencer, then Secretary of War, with the promptitude which charac terises him, took up the claims and decided them to be fraudulent. An official statement of the decision was brought home by Mr. Thompson, and.Gov. Tucker being inform ed of the authority conferred upon him by the act, came here and made a formal appli cation to the land office to enter these lands for the state. The application was filed, but the instructions from the Depsrtment not being so lull and explicit as the officers desired, they were embarrassed in their ac tion, and tor the present the entries were not allowed. AH difficulty will probably soon be removed, and these lands become the property of the State. It is proper to observe that these' lands, which are of Known value, were much sought for bv individuals on speculation, while the examination into the Indian claims was pending, hut as they were expressly suspended from sale, the entries could not be allowed. T he application of Gov. Tuck er xsthe first after the. rejection of the claims and it is believed, is entitled to priority In regard to those lands which have been off ered at public sale, a question has been moot ed which we think verv easy, of solution. It is this. Has the suspension from sale at private entry, operated to suspend the grad uation? We think not. The graduation is expressly provided for by the treaty, aod if the officers ot the government conld not suspend it directly and by positive order, they could not do so indirectly noj by impli cation. It is analagous- to the statutes of limitation?, which having once began to run cannot be suspended. But the analo. gy is still stronger to a suspension of sales hy the death of one of tho officers of the lanu ' office The graduation in that case continues, and when the office is again opened, the entries may be' made as though it had. never been closed, and the first ap plicant, when the suspension U removed, should be entitled to take the lands. Those applied for by Gov. ' Tucker are believed to be worth not less than txco doi lars an acre on- the" average, and would yield a fund so much larger than the 2 per cent in money, that the arrangement must be regarded as a highly advantageous one to the state, and ior which our members who effected it will deserve the thanks of their constituents. From the proceeds of sale more than double the amount of the 2 per cents may be realized to prosecute the rail road scheme, should that ridiculous pro ject still be persisted i.i, and as much more to be appaed (with the consent of Congress) te general objects of improvemenv in the state, or to buiid up a system of common schools. From the Panola Kegister. M't. Yockan-a, Panola County Mi. Mr. Editor: As you have eschewed poli tics in your paper an i avowed a determin-i ation to "nail your flag to the standard of i no political leader" 1 "infer that vou will open your columns to the discussion of sub-j jects of a general character alone. I shall, therefore in submitting the following hasty j reflections, endeavor to aboid encroaching! upon your prerogative of neutrality, by! exhibiting any party bias in my re marks: My object is to call the attention of the public to the disposition which shall be made of the proceeds of the 500,000 acres of land, donated to ti le Islale by the gener al government. The act of Congress which giants the 500,000 acres of land in question to the States, contains the following language. "There shall be granted to each State specified in the first section of this act, 500,- 000 acres of land, for purposes of internal improvement." Mississippi is one of the States named, and 'ias through her Legislature, accepted of ihis donation, upon the terms prescribed aii-i an engineer nas been annointed or the pupo.se of surveying a route for a levee ou the bank of the Mississippi liver, commens cing it the Tennessee line to be constructed out of t lie proceeds of said land. 1 wiii notice, in the first place, two other propositions, which have been submitted to the public for the application of the. funds arising from a sale of this land, and then suggest a fourth for consideration. .The first is Irom the editor of the Jackson Mississippian, contained in that paper of the 2d March ult., as follows: "But we con fess, would Congress authorise , the diversion of the fund to another purpose, we would like to see it placed in a channel to build up a system of universol education in the State." I must acknowledge tliat the plan of the MissisMppian has some t plausibility at first view. But experience teaches us that the free school system can never be carried into successful operation in the soutii. Seveial of the southern Slates have tried the ex periinent, but the funds have universally been squandered, and no good has ever ac icruedlrom it. Such a System is verv well adapted to the Middle and Northern States, but the poorer classes at the south are too proud to receive gratuitous instruction. Moreover this fund would probably fall into the hands of the members of the Legislatpre of the different counties, or some other ir responsible individuals, and never be accoun ted for, or if accounted for, would probably be very unequally distributed, and very lit, tie, if any good derived from it. The other proposition to which I referred i- from Coh Volney E. Howard, and is con tained in his letter to the editor of the Mis sissippian, (announcing himselt as a candid ate for Senator in Congress from this Stale,) and published in that paper of the 2d March. Col. Howard proposes to appropriate the proceeds of this land to the payment of the Mississippi Union Bank Bonds and the Bonds of-the Planters' Bank of Mississippi. But as the discussion of this proposition would involve the whole bond question, I will pass it by without any further notice, except merely to dissent from his estimate of the value of these lands,- (10 per acre.) In these hard money times I think 2 per. acre would be nearer their real value, unim proved; anp at that price, it would produce $1,000,000. The Mississippian ada its "tliat all who know any thing of the feelings of tho mem bers of the last Legislature, bonders and anti- bonders, whigs and democrats, are well a ware that it was universau'y conceded, that inasmuch as East Mississippi would receive the two percent fund, for the purposes named in the act of its appropriation by Congress, the North was entitled to the proceeds of the 500,000 acres of land dona ted to the State by the same act." Weil now Mr. Editor, as it seems to be "universally -conceded" that the north is "entitled to the proceeds of the 500,000 acres of land donated to the State" by the general government, is it not just and equit able that the porth should direct in what manner these funds should be appropriated? and I prasume it will be "universally con ceded" that nine tenths ol ths citizens ot North Mississippi would prefer the expen diture of this fund in cleaning out our inte rior rivers, and improving their navigation, to it's being appropriated tn erecting a lev ee on the bank of the Mississippi river, where the population is very sparse, and by which the chief benefit from it would ac crue to the general government and a few land speculators. A levee on the banks' of the Mississippi river, alter it is constructed, requires con stant attention to keep it up; and that jt tention can never be had until it is settled up, and has a permanent populution on its banks, But let us review some of tne advanta ges that would be derived from the perma nent improvement ol the navigation ot our little rivers in the interior, by removing all obstructions, clearing out their channels, and straightening them by means of canals and drains. By re moving all obstructions and straightening the channels, our rivers, year after year, would confine themselves more and more within their banks.'ond as the natural eriect of running water is to wear and deepen the channel we may cer tainly calculate that the 4cost of imnoving VS.S1 the navigation would diminish annually, and the swamp lands annually become more and more valuable. It would also be the means of insuring to our population a great er degree ofheaith, which of itself would be a sufficient remuneration lor bringing our swamp lands into cultivation, for it may be .-aid o health, as of justice, "that it cannot be paid for at too high a price." Ao one can soberiy conclude that the vast tracts of swamp and other uncultirated land9 in this State, areio continue forever in their pres ent waste and noxious condition. Every one must anticipate a day when they wiU be brought under the dominion of man, when, "the dry earth will appear and yield forth a bundantly its increase, some twenty some fifty and some an hundred fold. But this is the end when is to be the begining? Even now is as fit a time as any none better can be look ed for. We shall never be in a better condi tion for commencing a permanent system of bringing into cultivation all of our low lands. This will afiord employment to all our idlo hands; will strengthen ourselves by gaining la borers trom abroad, check emigration to other States, and eventually convert our own little State into another Eden. Aav one at all con versant with the interior of our State, knows that capital only is wanted to bring nnder pro fitable culitivatiou many thouiands of acres of us good land as any in 'he world. There is no haer country than ours, not even the far tamed Delta of the Nile will show better land for l-roJuetiou, than the bottom lands bordering oa our rivers.. iul wnai is tne a ppearanco oi those lands in tneir present conditon? you wit! behold large tracts of land in their primi tive unproductiveness, all exhibiting to the eye the same uninviting aspet the same abandon ment ot nature to herselt. and tne same ap pearance of desolation a dreary expanse of wasteland. All that has been eifected in re claiming them has been at the cost of individ uals; and in this, as in every other undertaking. their is a noint bevond which individual ener- gy and capital cannot go. Ve have reached lhat point, and notf public enterprise and capital should be brought into action lo t-heel that which private interest aod industry cannot accomplish. One generation or other must counner.ee th'u mighty work, and why not this one The enterprise is not one of doubtful utility or success, for it is one which must in the very i ature of things, be some time undertaken and finished. . The Leg islature by tire proper application of the pro ceeds of this 500,000 acres of land can effect this desirable and all important object. It is tune lhat the agricultural interest should have some share of the fostering care of the Legis lature. - -. The commerce of this State, to be success ful and permanent, must be based on agricul ture, stfadily and profitably carried out. prac tically in every and all its -branches The Legislature have expended great sums in catch ing at shadows, while they have run aside the substance. Let that honorable body establish a permanent system of progress in internal im provement, based upon this ample fund, annu ally appropriated let the different sections of North Mississippi elect Commissioners to su pfirmten j the disbursment of these funds and let us bend every nerve to the full devel opment of our., immense Agricultural resourc es. It is said of families they -'should bjy only what they cannot do without." It is equally true of states and nations, they should only buy what they cannot produce. This m our policy. We must supply and keep our people at home, and by the equally cheap production of all of every ihmg we want, exclude from our markets the surplus of the north & wes',and compel ;hem to send here for exchange, only such articles as we cannot produce, or such as vill not enter into injurious competition with our own productions. But there is another view of this subjeel of no small importance. The improvement of the navigation of our small streams, by in creasing the facilities of trade and commerce, would greatly enhance the value of our improv ed lands. Not to the same extent perhaps, that it Aould the unimproved swamp lands but still its influence would be felt throughont the whole extent of the country. What is it but the great facilities of commerce that cause the lands in the vicinity of Memphis to bring from 15 to 20 per acre, when lands of the same quality in north .Mississippi are selling for one third lhat amount. I would not presume to contend that our small streams., could eTer be made to compare with the great Mississippi in point of navigation. Bat let us suppose lhat fifty or a hundred dollars was judiciously ap plied to the improvment of the navigation of the Tallahatchie river, and the same amount on the Tumbigbee, and the same on each nav igable stream in north Mississippi annually fo r a tew years in succession, would not its influ ence be felt? yea and seen too from one end of the State to the other. As my sheet is out, I will close by subscrib ing myself, . lours c- J. W. L. 'A most revolting state of morals has House at Liv- been'discovered in the Work erpool, in England. A magistrate having been frequently called on to punish certain persons tor their improper conduct and dis obedience, determined to have a persona' inspection of the premises. The result was three distinct charges. One waa that of al lowing the most demoralizing and sinful courses of association, the particulars of which we do not think it proper to give. The second was, a total neglect of moral or religious instruction, the absence of religious books; these having been refused when ask ed for! And a third was a tumbling in of the dead bodies into their graves, without tho decencies of sepulture; and then once a week, the clergyman employed for the House, came and read the funeral, service over all that had been buried during the week. The words are,"he came and per formed one service for the dead over all the paupers who had been buried in the inter mediate lime." U. S. Gazette. TE are authorized lo announce Tryon 31. Yancey as a candidate for Pro bate Judge of Marshall county, at the next gen eral election. ' - " WE are authorized to announce Col. Han" llibal Harris as a candidate for Sheriff of the county of Marshall at the Dext general election. T7E are authorized to announce URBAN E. V V MEEK a candidate for Ranger of IJar hall conat-T at the next November election.