Newspaper Page Text
HOLLY SPRINGS:::: :JUNE 14. FOR PRESIDENT AND VICE PRESIDENT, tdi iivr.ci OF TBS DEMOCRATIC NATlOXAIi COSVEXTIOX. FOR GOVERNOR. TILGHMAN M. TUCKER. Subject to the decision of a Democratic Convention. State Far The United Slate Senate, ROGER BARTON. vr- We are . autborized to announce Colonel THOMAS II. WILLIAMS, of Pontotoc county, as a candidate for dovernor, at the next election fVT-The Hon. JOSEPH W. CHALMERS is a rnnHif'ate . forthc office he now hold? of Vice- Chancellor of Mississippi. Holly .Springs Female Institute. - THR examination of the pupils of this Insti lute will commence on Tuesday, the 27th inst. C. A. TOSTER, Rector and Principal. DEATH OF DR. HAGAN. By the extract, which we republish from the Vicksburtr Sentinel- it will anrear, that our o frie'ndlv controversv wish Dr. Hagan has been unexpectedly interrupted by his'violent death "We should speak cautiously and charitably of. the dead. He was a manly bold and vigorous writer, but hastv and imprudent and not suffi- rientlv recardful of the feelings of others. His - j c - cruel attacks upon private character, often without sufficient evidence, can not be justified. If it be true, that villainy dreaded his search ing eye and the scathing of his powerful pen, it is equally so, that innocence, while he lived, scarcely felt seire in the consciousness of her purity. We presume the rencounter, in which he fell, was the consequence of a most dishon' orable charge, preferred in the Sentinel a- gainst the father of the'assailant, the Hon. Geo. Adams, late Judge of the United States Dis trict Court. While we unqualifiedly condemn the street brawls and revolting exhibitions of violence and bloodshed, which have too often disgraced our State, yet something may be allowed to the feelings"of a child, when arous ed in defence of his fathers honor, and the re sult of this unfortunate affair should teach all ed itors the important leson, that prudence and judgment are as , essential as zeal and ability in the discharge of their arduous duties, and that a sacreti regard for truth and pjjvate reputa tion as well as public good should ever charac terize their course. Missiuo The 2d vol. of Jefferson's Life and Correspondence, formely the property of Thomas C. Trimble Esq., The holder is re- jvti to tttujra, it to tUo a(Tka rtf tha fiuard. rXjr"The absence of the editor at the Fede ral Court will account for the want of the; usual quantity of editorial matter on the in side of our paper. I - J The State Convention. It is now gen erally understood that this important meet ing will be held on the 10th of July, the day the Legislature assembles. We trust every northern county will be represented. y 1 11 not Col. Williams submit to the decision of a -fairly constituted and fully attended Con vention . run , , ,- ,g ,-ir-niTM mt ' "T"""" Gen. Footk. It will be seen by the follow ing letter, that Gen. Foote ha3 declined in fav6r of our townsman, the favorite of North M ississ ippi, Roger Barton. This generous act will not be forgotten by the people. TO THE DEMOCRATIC VOTERS OF MISSISSIPPI., In mv address lo you. fellow citizens, is snpr! a fpw weeks since, announcing rnyself a candidate for U. S. Senator, some of you tvi i rcnniippi inai i uspti i ne luuuwiu" iuii it . t j . 1 r.ii.:- i . rrnrmp. nlludintr to Gov. McNutt, and Col. Howard: "Had either of the gentlemen in question entirely concurred in sentiment with mvself. and those in concert with whom I feel bound to act at ;his crisis, up on the all absorbing subject of the Union Bank, and Planters Bank Bonds, no persua. sions could have induced me to oppose him for the U. S. Senate, at the riskof marring the unitv of the Democratic party." You will rerhaDs remember also that I farther declare declare that: "whenever the Demo crats of Mississippi shall in any satisfactory form, either by convention or otherwise. designate a candidate more agreeable to them than myself, 1 shall not be in the way of their wishes lor a single instant of time.1 I conceive that such a designation as that a bove alluded to has already taken place in favfcr of Roger Barton Esq., . of Marshal County; various .public meetings having nominated him, and other satisfactory evi dences having been furnished of his being the choice of a largeTportion ef the Democratic partv in the Northern section of the State It is also understood that he will, in all pro bability, consent to become a candidate. As m his views on the Bond question correspond entirely with mv own, as heretofore declar ea; as i nave an along been ol opinion and have so expressed myself, that the Northern portion of the state should be allowed to name the successor of Mr, Henderson, if a wish to do so should be cherished In that quarter; as I have long kmwn Major Barton most intimately, and have had ample reason to admire his sound political principles and his esteemeable charactei as a gentleman and his highly respectable abilities; it is with more than mere submission to the presum ed wishes of the Democratic party, that 1 avow my willingness to decline in his favor and announce my intention to withdraw absolutely from the canvas .for Senator whenever he shall consent to have his name regularly presented to the democracy as a candidate for this exalted station. This I feel assured will be the case shortlv; mean while I have the honsr to be your Fellow Citizen. II. STUART FOOTE. P.S. Since writing the above, I have be come undoubtingly satisfied that Major Bar ton's consent has at length yielded to the solicitations of his friends, and that he may be now retarded as a candidate for u. S. Senator. I desire, therefore", to bo recogniz ed as unconditionally yielding position to htm. June8ih 1843. A MEETING Held to make preparations to Celebrate the approaching Fourth of July. M -A Pursuant to adiournment, the citizens of - this neighborhood met at ltoslyn Academy near Chulaliorna, Marshall County, Miss, and were organized by the appointment of A. Holdman as Chairman, and Wm. M. Sledge, Esq. as Secretary. After the objects of the meeting were ex plained, the following resolutions wereadop led: On motion, Resolved, That Dr. H. L. Martin, Wood son Pucket, A. Holdman, R. Phillips, A. M. Lucas, Wm. R. Baker, Joseph Davis, Burrel Perry, C. Bowen and Wm. M. Sledge, Esqrs be a Committee to make proper and neces sary arrangements to Celebrate our ap proaching Nalional Anniversary the Fourth of July. It shall be the duty of this Com mittee to wait upon the Orator of the day, keep order and pay all proper attention to the Ladies. Resolved, That the public is hereby invi ted to attend our Celebration and participate with us on that occasion. Resolved, That the editor of the Guard be requested to publish the proceedings of this meeting in his paper. . . On motion, The meeting was adjourned A. HOLDMAN, Chm'?i. Wm. M. Sledge, Sec'y. DEMOCRATIC MEETING. At a meeting of the democratic citizens o: Hudsonville and vicinity at Hudsonville on the 10th June, 1843, Major Ivey was called to the chair, and M. G. Cumby appointed secre tary. The object o? the meeting being fully explained, the following gentlemen were then selected as delegates, to wit: A. A. Purgar, W. Smith, W. McDade, T. G. Gatwood and C. E. Matthews, be and they are hereby appointed delegates to the convention at Holly Springs on the first Mon day in J uly next, for the purpose of recom mending candidates to run in the county of Marshall' for the lower branch of the Legisla ture of tlao State -of Mississippi. Resolved, that we hail the proposition made by cur democratic friends in the Southern part of the State proposing another State con ventional Jackson, as being auspicious of the reciprocity of good feeling which ought to ex ist among the democratic party of the State; which we deem a sure guaranty of the triumph ot democratic principles, as well as carymg the elections throughout the State. Resolved, that the proceedings of this meet ing be signed by the chairman and secretary and forwarded to the Guard for publication. The meeting then adjourned. Wm. F. IVEY, Chairman. M. G. Cumby, Sec. DEMOCRATIC MEETING. According to previous notice in the Guard, a meeting of the Democratic party of the Holly Springs beat assembled at the court house Saturday evening, the 9th June, for the pur pose of nominating delegates to the county convention in July. When upon motion, Tryon M. Yancy was called to the chair and D. C. Glenn appointed eecretary. After some discussion as to the mode of proceedings; the plan of nominating and vo ting viva voce was adopted. . Whereupon, upon nomination by different individuals the five following gentlemen were eleeted unani mously. Dr. Jordan Y. Cummings, J. H. R, Taylor Esq., Col. Wilson T. Caruthers, Vincent Har alson, Esq. and Maj. Thomas Powel. It was further resolved that the minutes of the meeting be signed by the chairman and secretary and published in the Guard. The meeting then adjourned- . m T. M. YANCEY, Chairman. D. C. Glenn, Sec. Democratic Convention. The . Holly sprtmrs ixuard, as will be seen trom an ar tide in another column, agrees with. us as to the time of the meeting of the Convention Mr. Josselyn evinces the right spirit in the article alluded to, and Jet our motto be "eve ry thing for the cause nothing for men,' and a glorious victory awaits us in Novem ber. The Democrats have but one thing to do to ensure this victory, and that is to keep constantly m view, the polar star ot liberty, the constitution of our country. None but honest and intelligent men should be entrus ted with our confidence. They should be men who are orthodox on all th cardinal principles of the democratic faith men who will, when expedients are resorted to, see they are not oppressive on the people. Much capital has been lent to the opposite party by therjarring and discordant materials of our own, and it is to be hoped that the new con vention will conciliate all the little petty parties that are springing up, and that the Democracy of Mississippi willagain-be found battling as one man for their principles, so dear to every lover of popular government. Eastern Clarion. From the Florence Gazette. JOHN C. CALHOUN. Mr. Calhoun appeared as a member of Congress much about the same time with Mr. Clay, and was always prominent and influential, Any one who reads his first spec redelivered in the House of Representa tives in in reply to John Randolph, and in favor of preparation for. war. with Great Britain, cannot fail approve the poli cy which he urged, so eloquently and so suc cessfully. He argued, that it was as much the duty ol the government to defend the country against foreign and internal danger, ana to cause its riguts ana honor to be res pected from without, as to protect it against all violence from within, and that he regar ded a war, in the circumstances, as just and necessary. It is not then to be wondered at, that, after reading the speech of Mr. Cal- i n r . i t noun, on me occasion, iur. interne ot tne Richmond Enquirer, should have wished he had been a Virginian; and in his concluding remarks upon him, have said, "he hailed this young Carolinian, as one of the master spir its who stamp their names upon the age in which they live." As a speaker, we do not iregnrd him as possessing claims to the epithet fine. While addressing the Senate he stands quite erect moving the right hand ud and down, vith his eyes frequently fixed upon the carpet His figure is tall; his hair bushy and abund ant, with a forehead not. so high by any means, as Gall and Spurzheim would have concluded he had, from reading his consec 'utive and profound reasonings, but perhaps, its breadth and compactness,speaking phren ologically, may account for the uncommon amount of intellect which he possesses. Al together, his countenance has a Roman cast and expression about it, and may be denom inated a speaking countenance, ind his eye, a keen penetrating one. JJecisicn and hrm ness seem" to be distinctly marked on every feature, and perhaps Miss Mariineau was Dleased to call him, "the iron man." from looking at his lips which are stern, boldly outlined, and generally closely compressed In argument or debate, he nevtr refers to a note: what he say 9, he says right on; and i i . j u:,v. ins lueus &eeiu iu uume crowding upuu mii begging for an utterance more rapidly than language can be found to express them. But although Mr. Calhoun does not possess all the graces ot manner which make some pop ular, no man in the Senate is listened to with more attention. The fact is, mere ornament of style he does not aim at: and his mental character is such that it would not admit of attending to mere ornament. A person of a sjrong mind displays his abilities rather in pointed sayings, arrd comprehensive axi oms, than in" flowing eloquence and expan ded enumeration; and when thought is con densed much genius is 'computed in few words. In his speeches in the Senate, he always speaks with commendable brevity and compresses what he has cot to say, into me least possible compass. One page ot the Johnson's Rambles contains as much as 1 I - m six pflha Spectator, and Uiera is jls much pure thought in Montesquieus "spirit of Laws," as would make half a dozen large epic poems, and we believe, there is more substantial thinking, in one of John C. Cal houn s speeches, than in some couple ot or dinary statesmen's. rrora a review of the whole of Mr. Cal houn's public life, it may be inferred that he is an independent thinker, and can never work in the traces, or wear the harness of party. He has no vanity in his composition, and without it, he may be so conscious of his mental superiority, as to look up to no individual as his superior, nor yields his o pinions in deference to any party, however numerous. He once styled himself the "hon est nullifier;" and because of his nullification, is every man now to say, let hrm be an a thema? Surely not. His conduct upon that subject was largely, perhaps entirely attri butable to the position in which he found himself; and to judge impartially of a man, an circumstances must be taken into ac- circumstances count. For a number of years Mr. Calhoun pre sided over the war department, and there is but one opinion, as to the ability and indus try which he displayed in that high station.i uunng uenerai Jackson's administration he was Vice President, and of course ex-ojjicio President of the Senate, and no man could fill the chair of President of the Senate with more grace and dignity than John C.CaU houn. The opponents of Mr. Calhoun some times object to him, on the ground that he is impracticable. But we may here remark, that men of minds which unite originality with brilliancy are very apt to be called, or to be considered, visionary: and in any mat ter of great moment or emergency the high est estimate would be put upon the expo sitions, reasonings . and opinions of Mr. Cal houn. " . ....... V In private life he is exceedigly amiable; and, in fact, unassuming. , He has not yet found out that he is a great man; and never makes the slightest effort at what is called 1 1 tl 1 m m . display, ne is a lover ot his country, and deserves every honor she is able to confer upon him. . From the Ohio State Eagle. Great and Glorious Democratic Victory in trie uia Dominion. CROW, CHAPMAN CROW ! ' "Old Virginia Never Tire." Scarcely have the echoes from the guns of Democra cy in the Empire State died upon our ears, when new and louder peals of thundering triumph, from the Old Dominion arouse us, from the short nap which we have been ta king, since the former glorious achievement, and set us on tip. toe foi the contest which is pending in the Buckeye State at the Oo tober" election. Proud as we have always been of our native State, we can no longer look upon her without a more grateful flow of feeling for her sterling Democracy, and a 1 renewed confidence in tne integrity and pat riotism of her Republican citizens. We never felt in a better humor for crow ing nor was there ever a more approprtiae occasion so here goes! Boy, unease Chap man! and don't forget to tell our neighbor, that Botts has been beaten "Most etorious to beliold" and that "Old Virgin 1Y is "right side up and no mistake r But, tell him, at the same time, that me.-ium i tc Slashes" is no longer "running in his sniri- tail that he is "going it tall" dn" Hie slump for the Presidency in 1S44, and may, mmi- blu, be worse beaten than Mr. dous. leu him, further, that unless ne can uuiw n ces witli those of Captain Tyler, and prevail upon the Democratic Irish and uerman nat uralized citizens of Fairfield county, to join their standard, inevitable defeat awaits them nnw. henceforth, and forevermore. But, be careful, boy! don't tell him"oo much at once," lesi his nervous disposition cannot oear it. Now for the victory ! And don't forget to tell him, that (Gen.) Chapman is elected to Congress Dy more than 1.4UU majority. "irow, tiiirman, crow!" ' , Bring out the "big guns," aua iei us nave twpnl v.sii roil nds for the Old Dominion.! Gloriously hath she fought gloriously hath her Democracy conquered! and this, too, undftr the most disadvantageous circumstan- ces which could have attended an election. The Whigs opposed the Tax Bill, and the payment of the constitutional debts of the State, while the uemocrats maniuuy con tended for both, and have been triumphant ly sustained bv the people. A nr. en it lirinn mit ttia Kirr fTlins;'" Litrht ud the bon-fires upon every hill, and let one long, loud, spontaneous huzza burst from the lung of every freeman, in honor "Old Virginia!" - . The poor coons are tee-totally "used up; and friend Chapman says "their hides already hptrin to slin." One more pull, then, and - . they will be entirely offi Let Ohio and In diana "do their duty, their whole du'.y ; and nothing but their duty! From the Eastern Clarion. Mr. Editor: Of late, I have observed many attacks upon the character, motives and coriduct of Gov. Tucker, which are cal- cu ated to do grievous miury to one ol our most meritorious public servants. It is need less for me to recal to your mind that in IS4I, when we were scattered by overwhel ming defeat to the four winds of heaven when the buoyancy of the present was dull despair when our only hope was to "do or die," and no one dared to head us in the contest of the fall of that year when one after another faltered and failed, that then P. M. Tucker, in ill health leaving his pro fessional employment for expensive and la borious travel the security of his family and social circle for the filthbespattering morass of political candidacy placed his incorrupt ible heart, his well-tried honesty, his inde fatigable industry, aye, and more, his fame as an honorer of the Constitution, at the head of that forlorn hope that scaled the en emy's walls and gave us the State by an overwhelming vote. We succeeded, but bv the scismalic efforts ot Dr. Hagan, we lost one of our State officers, that ofSecrelary of State. The first public act of Gov. Tuck- ERon entering upon hi Executive duties, was py ins inaugural Aaaress, wuue ue look the " rjonsliiutionar grotifiiTs In declaring the Union Bank Bonds unconstitutional and of no binding effect whatever, at the same time distinctly to avow the vaiiaav oi me ren ters' Bank Bonds, and to recommend imme diate measures providing for their payment. This was the position he had taken in the canvass, and upo which he conquered. But it was made the pretext tor an attack upon him by Hagan. of the Sentinel, who then avowed the doctrine of universal repudia tion. That the people of Mississippi are a verse to this dishonest course, is Well kno wn to all who know the sentiments of the inte rior counties. In no county where we had a majority in 1811, can be found now fifty men who are Haganites. And yet Dr. Ha-; oan, who ever secretly opposed the patriots: Tucker and Gwin, and who has lately So unblushinely denounced them, Who election eered against Dr Gwin in the late Conven-' tion by himself and his agents must how make the repudiation of the Planters' Bank Bonds the Shiboleth of the party-, and . the test by which we are to support dr reject men. This, sir, will never do. As long as we keep Dr. Hagan and ackndwledge his Sentinel as a party organ, shall We be placed in ridiculous positions and hilrnble durselves in the eyes of the enemy. I speak, sir the feelings of the people. They have seen With mortification that the public press have sub mitted to all the exactions which Dr. Ha gan has levied upon them have passed in silence his attacks upon every honest and eminent politician in the State made some times covertly and sometimes openlv, and nave suomutea to nis seinsn and unscrupu lous course without a murmur. It is time this was stopped, and if we cannot Mlence him let us repudiate him. I do trust that some decent Democrat will establish a pa per in Vicksburg. which' will advocate the doctrines and not abuse the men of the par ty which will use gentlemanly language in speaking of all who differ with us in ooins ion, whether Democrats or Whigs, and who win spurn an cemagogueism and sectional and individual jealousies. As long as we submit to Hagan's dictation and are charge able with his. political vices and faults by reason ot our -acknowledging him, We shal perpetually be divided, rent and torn by dis- : . i i t i seunons, wmcn win place us and keep us in me oust oi our adversaries leet. ARGUS. The Presidency. An active member of the Democratic party in Connecticut, tells us that t he impression among his friends is, that the friends of Mr. Calhoun are now in the majority there, and gaining rapidly, and that th e same is true in New Hampshire ancLMaine. A gen tleman similarly situated with regard to affairs in Illinois, on hearing the remarks of the Con- necucui gentleman, responded, -me same state of things exists in our Slate." IV. Y. Journal of Commerce. Health of Yucatan Death of an Aged Man. The government paper of Yucatan, .1 isiglo Diez y JSueve ot the 25th ult., re cords the death at Merida of a man named Valnier, a native of St. Domingo, who died on the 5th April, at the age of one hundred ana seventeen Until he was 1Q5 years of age ne retained his sight, and his intellect ual faculties were unimpaired up to his last mome n ts. Plebeia . ' From tbe Nathalie Union. .. UNITED STATES BANK. The old Bank charter redtiired that there should be twenty-five directors Jof the affairs of that concern. This was a pretty larefi body; i: was as nuulerons as the Senate of the State of Tennessee. Yet it is notorious that from the time BTddle commenced his war a gainst General Jackson's administration, Mr. Biddle and his "exchange committee" of thiee, selected by himjelf, had the Control of the whole concern, i he plan was adopted tor more secrecy in nis enorts to subsidize me press make loans to members of Congress 1 - n- . - 1 - .1 and control ihe.eiections in tne otates oy mating times good or times hard as might be neces sary. Having lost sight of the moneyed in terest of the stockholders, many of whom secretly connived at his movements in the use the money as a corruption tund to secure a recharter, he made out to sirikthe entire cap ital (thirty-five millions'! and to make the countrysuffer by the depreciated paper of his lianK. Mr. Clay introduced a bill at the Extra "Ses sion chartering a bank of the same sort, but be was not satisfied with so large a body of direc tors. Ihe secrets of the charnel house or fiaudand corruption would be more likely to get out. ine - corruption fund could not be employed with so much-secrecy and effect, in getting the control of the press and in using the money of the Stockholders who were to be exempted from all "individual respo nsibility. le therefore chose jo reduce the old number of directors from twenty five down to nine. These nine men were to have the right to say now mucn paper money the country 6tiouia nave; wnat uanK m any ot the States should be prostrated and what Bank built ud: what should be the value of property in any town oi tne unitea otates, and how long ii should be before that value should be changed They were also to have the power to close the doors of the bank agahist a committee of Congress and turn out three of the nine direc tors as "government spies" as Biddle did. Will any man who advocates such a scheme for swindling and corruption dare to call him self a republican, after a knowledge of the doings or the old .bank? What did Judge vvnita say in reterence to trusting such pow ers in the hands of any club of men? Hear him:- "I am free to declare that in preference to trusting such powers in any company what everpowers which may be used for the most pernicious purposes even if I believed I had the power to do so, I would trust the well doing of this country to" fL specie currency and to such iacihties as .banks incorporated by the respective States may be able to afford." Such were the opinions of judge White. Yet the Clay Whigs must have these vast powers lodged in the hands of nine men. They will not compromise on this subject. Tyler was hung and burnt in effigy because he would not agree to bring into existence a worse swindling concern than the old bank; and Web gter thought after the total sinking of thirty five millions of capital of the old bank it would not do to resuscitate the old fraudulent system he was consequently read out of the Clay Whig party Mr Clay once said he was unwilling to trust "the most exalted attribute of sovereignty in the hands of fkrfrupqnatfrfc cvrpjrotion." He however apostatized from his republican faith on his visit to .Europe, and there became a con vert to the British aristocracy system of placing ? - i t .1. the manufacturing industry under the control of nabobs by cutting oft iereign supplies, andfyas pronounced by. Bishop Johns, of placing the currency and the value of prop erty in the hands of nine rag barons. He now wishes to make uswvhat England is, a land oi paupers and princes. A bad Spectacle. On our way from Phil adeiDhia to this city on friday last, upon our return from Baltimore, our attention was arres ted by the appearance of a fellow passenger, who changed to sit near us in the ' cars. He was apparently not over 30, dre&ed in coarse and seedy garments, and evidently in the last 'of consumption. Upon his face was stamped the seal of death more clearly and terribly than we have ever seen it upon any 6ther living countenance. He was wasted to a skeleton, and the livid paleness of a corpse had driven from his face every hue of health and life. His eVes were restless, and glared with dull but eager stare upon what was pass ing around him. did hot hear him 'speak until we had reached Jersey city; and then, upon the ferry-boat, we observed him talking to a number of gentlemen who were standing around him. He spoke feebly, but with great earnestness and excitement. He said he had just been released from the penitentiary in Pennsylvania, where he had been a long time confined. He had never before confessed his shame; but now-, he said, he could not help it. He had been a greal villian in his life; but said he, as his eyes swam in tears, and his thin blue lip quivered with emotion, "that's all past, and I have got to die in a day or two." His mother, he said, lived at No. Greenwich street; he had not seen her for many years; and the onljrfavor ha asked of God or man was, that he might reach her home and ate in her arms. He seemed in a perfect agony of appre hensionlest the police officers of the city should see him as he ' landed, and - detain him till it should be too late to see his mother. They all knew him, he said, to be a great rogue; and if somebody did not aid him, he knew he should die in the city prison instead of his mother's house. He seemed greatly relieved and truly thankful when several gentlemen oliered to send him home at once to her residence. We know not what become of him, but think it scarcely possible that he should be living now. But who can picture either the joy or agony of tnat last meeting oetween-tne widowed mother and her wretched son, coming from the dun geon to her arms only to be laid somewhat more gently in the gravel The excitement o the hope of meeting her seemed to be all that kept him alive; and it appeared scarcely pos. sible that his feeble frame could survive the ex citement of the meeting itself N. Y. Tribune, Calttorxia -An American gentleman res ident in California, writing to a friend in the United States, says of that country Although a part of this country (Calaforaia) is nominally governed by Mexico, we are remote from and scarcely feel the influence of that power. The extent of the fiat or level country from the Pa cific coast to the Mountains on our east, wil average about one hundred and fifty miles from the mouth mouth of the Rio Colorado to the line cftheOrogon Territory. The soil of the whole of this region of country is very superior, producing cotton, corn and Wheat in abund ance. " Perhaps no country in the world pro ducts huer truit. ihe mountainous' region east abounds in the richest minerals. Here may be found, copper ia the purest state upon abouhdsiri hot and bituminous sn- CoaiU' thirty miles from the Colorado, S g sanuy uesert, is a voicanic rnaun ' or nearly round at its base, andaW ia i, height. From its !top it con immense column ofjblack smoke J18 iFge quantities of brims!0ne jL,?ear in a pure state- Ship loads of it n;!u0!J cured. It boils up fn a kindoftf Pra dens on the outer surface, and fall. ,1 , hlr centre. There are a greit nV nous springs Dear thia toru. n- l bl' all covered vith bitumen. Ooa L,'?aset v at whxhudoes not appear that m ton could be.had, would doubtless f 1 hundred. It rises upon a level par! ?Si C's in bubbles to the height of hn-, V SWunJ and runa to a innAaui- 1 '-ebursi 'irs iKnucua, i cacwioung rosin in some uum it resptcti Fromtfie Richmond Enquirer THE EPISCOPAL CONVENTION The Contention terminated its labors cnV day mght. The great multitude of "J? is dispersed, and our strA,t, .f7,o-r 3umed their stiH lifeand iheir listless ty. The five davs of tne Conr-n,: r'u vri rrtfmt nnimstoJ . i m. r"-4. of the Church commenced every morning o clock, and continued in most of the Church in the forenoon, evening and n;g&jnfln 5 out several of the strongest meq an,j k. in our power to enumerate all the pr and aJ I their sermons. But it was our fortune to hear a fine sermon from Mr. Cofr on Thursday night, and a discourse on Friiy night, in St. James' Church, of great iasuj and power, from Mr. Snarrow of Ae'TCc logical Seminary, on the text: I am the tj " Un baturday morning, at the Monal Church, Dr. Milner, of New York. oreacW a sermon, at 6 A. M , the solemn rite of C firmation was administered bv Bishoo Mea about 25 persons, and notwithstanding the earW hour, the Church was crowded in evervauar'. ter with an attentive audience. The concourse in the same Church in the midday service wis very imposing. Mr. Slaughter commWuft eloquent address, but before he had comoletaJ one-third, he was forced bv a severe aVttf indisposition to desist. It was however, con cluded at St. James' the same afternoon. Tte number of communicants ( several hundreds was so great, as to require more than two houn to administer the sacrament. In the course of the Sabbath, the fourEo copal Churches were opened; and sermons were delivered in the forenoon and nisrht. I: is delightful to see the courtesy and liberalii? wnicn animated the I'resbytenans, liaptutsaai memoaisis, in mrowing open incir churches Ii the Episcopalians, who ireely availed then selves of thair offers, to fill their pulpits. la soma cases the officiating ministers would wai on their Episcopal substitutes, to conduct thee to their churches and introduce them into tho'ir pulpits. This is a spectacle of christian fee ing, which reflects great honor upon tho reli gious institutions of our country. The final scene approached, and tho Monu mental Church is crowded for the last lime, ot Sunday night, by a dense and anxious multi tude. It-was the most crowded congregation we have ever seen in the church. Some have estimated the number at near 2,000. bo nunr voices joiued in the music, that the noise of tin organ was drowned in the melody. Tba eve ning service was well read by the Ilev'd. 3fr. j fjeall of Norfolk, and the valedictory discoursa without & M3, or note before him. It was an extraordi nary effort, and it had all the clearness, fluency, elegance, and condensation ot a written com position, with all the force and eloqueuce of a spoken speech. The text was 'thoso remark able and appropriate words, from the "latter clause of the 4th verse, and 17th chapter of St. Johns. "I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do." . He sustained jnW''iguish ed reputation as a pulpit orator, and all - went away filled with admiration for his talents, aad ove for his virtues. He lett the hnal appeal to be made by Bishop Meade, who delivered himself with great feeling, and calling tha Ministers around him, gave them his last charge, and bid them an affectionate farewell. Yesterday morning the dincrent lines of dem- munication carried oh a large proportion of strangers, -and this morning our streets an trodden by but few pilgrims to the Convention. Engines. The following very good story about engines in told by the Pittsburg Spirit of the Age-. . When a fire is discovered . in oar city, falls cry yetltmd scream "fire! fire! fire1." withaH the strength of t heir lungs; not so of old. Wees the Erst engine was brought over the moun tains ana placed iu Ihe old engine house ms , Short street, it attracted general attention, ani was considered quite a .curiosity in that day. Very unfortunately the people were 30 takea with its appearance as to cry "engine!" instead of "fire," wlv3n an alarm was raised. This gave rise to quite a ludicrous occurrence, du ring the end ot the eighteenth century, wees an attack from the savages was expected, ni its dreadful consequences - guarded against bf constantly drilling of the people in the art of war in the market house. One evening short ly after the arrival of the much talked of en gine, a Chimney caught fire on the outskirts of the town, and the flames communicating to lis roof of the building, the inmates retreateitf wards the centre of the town, wringing the hands and screaming "engine! engine! engine! with stentorian lungs, the cry was taken upj 4 by hundreds of voices, and repeated "Ingios Ingins! Ingins!" spreading consternation throsga the streets the flamea bursting forth added the prevailing terror, and the people ruAJ from the bouses half dressed, andj hurried t the market square, tha men wttB rifles, and tw women with babes in their arms, dragging tee larger urchins by the hand; the men formed instantly according to their usual mode, whea the whole affair was explained, the "braa:Be engine put in operation, ihe fire prevented fr3S spreading, and tha excitement allayed. Sac was the first operation of our iron City jfirf men when they performed 'their duty rifc W hand. But such they ever are; the same p' ities which roaka a gallant soldier in evinced in the firemen in peace. Florida Election. -The -returns a3 fa? heard from, give Mr. Levy, Democrat,- votes majority, over his Whig opposed Ward. v -. Yankee Enterphtsb .- We learn from the ton Journal that a member of a raercanU' hcusa in nharlfisfnwn" na rnna out tO LoB". 1 to astahlish an naanrv in thnt citv for th of Fresh Pond ice, '