Newspaper Page Text
33 O-vJ tpgT GEORGE A- WILSON "IMDOCTI DISCANT T MEMXSISS3 PKMTI Atf AT.M (PUBLISHED BY GEORGE W. PITTKAtt. HOLLY SPRINGS, MI., FRIDAY, JANUARY 25, 1839. NO. 2 J vwJ rr?RN' r. ANXER" is published c.nt Dollahs m advance, or bix 'JfSi of lie year. No subscription ifjr less than six months; nor will ;:iaceb: made until all arrearages 'dollar ! r H- inserted at one I'' "3 lines oriels) for the fnt tnue, ': e ich continuance, .'clni.cliitcs; far :o;Sce 310, each, in If.i-ci to the alitor or pntlhher i If 't bi post paid in or.r to sccuie tr'irfI' for al1 Jjb 1 l ork dne at :.'La-s delivered. IIL, , M i wwrpwiwi WBMH ;ERXGIlJo the Legislature of a hlUtrti January 8, 183 J r,- Vitiate, and 1 1 '.,0f Representative:. ,r r-.ct vp;ir are well cal- uirn our auvnuuu. j ;a 'Jpitious to the growth of our 'Jthe cost of its production so tllnv the depreciation of our leave but scant profits to the ihtve, however been blessed -"fallOoo-i, with an abundant and the enjoyment of better ,7--J Penury is unknown in ;TlAents of our wealth remain 'Editions h"S brought upon us stronrc&timnressirins arc made. ,?f rsnd Th05 For about two years the have alike suliered. i s:ioa warrants us m expecting ..Bn(n is nearly restored. f--w-" "-- " - , fcinks nave reuunu specif t.v,P residue will b b eiample or to lied clcso their rnmn r, 0f cotton hns advanced fully uanl the crop of last year will, Tforas much as that of 1?37. ;:nry will greatly diminish Its production. Iaaustry, pru--oacny will soon relieve thedis country. Experience has chlarv lesson; and it is incum- , fg MarJ against the recurrence Jar to luutu v iulu ji.ko uiuio :.:rr for the past two years, slid Constitution has b?enin bout six vtars. More liberal jnstbn these of her sister State s, .he people the periodical election 3if;c..rs. and has realized the ex- f h framers. Our Judicjal and fers arc fully equal tothosa r, a difl-rent mnncr. iv;o coac oi t Seta enact-' a to carry out itspro- f its iniunctions have Property qualifications :rpui:at and a snoit residence f age king the sole p.asports to i:i.Hiii to oflice, it is essential to s anl the pi t serration cf our iib-,-Mc sufficient means and proper ah eroure the education of every x! i:cn is interested in the intellec t's i.m-at cf these who will hcre J I I3l the destinies cf the country. jl:bo!s should be established in s'j :lip having a sufficient number . I p authorize the employment cf ' MThechilirmofthe rich and the f 1 leaminrr sufficient :esfo: the ordinary avocations of icharjre. A li'aht tax on the tie township, together with the i from the rent cf the school tie Literary Fund, already dis "iile amply sufneient to defray The Constitution tnjoins upon -ranfnt of schools, and re- - provid the means cf education, "nary Fund now amounts to 'tl and fourteen thousand one ony-six and twenty -four interest and fond has ac- ,T;. i- iony-six ana U'tlrs, exclusive of i 'r Rcf hnl This fu a'- sale of thiity-six sections of br the General Cicvernrncnt d! ill ar. .I,,:' notes are, cen-crallv, we 11 r:f tn'.Tn h ra n Inner Thev are deposited in the -Si. an I the Auditor of Public "traitftl with their collection. i --or, John II. Mallrry.has cm- f -' f .1 r t I..-'' - - "wuiciuiunJ it is requisite vision be ma le for its s -curi-icftho grant seem to forbid a knl and tlie best interest cf "v-e the immuliate rstablisli- f.s,-aiairy. It should be loca- J "-v . se or 1. . . . r 1 . 1 1 : . 1 poseu to us m principle, uitu uiienaiea in interest, cannot Eafely bo entrusted with the education of our sons and daughters. Jefferson College is the oldest institution of the kin 1 in the State. It is "Well endowed, but has never been in a very flourishing con dition, and for some time past has been clos ed. Eminent Professors have lately been elected to take charge of the institution. It is to be hoped that it may yet flourish, and srnd forth scholars useful to the State, capa ble of adorninir an v station, and of emulating the fame of the illustrious Statesman whose name it bears. The correspondence here with submitted, will place you in possession of the present situation of the College. The property owned by the institution amounts to the sum oi two handled and forty-eight thou sand seven hundred and forty-eight dollars and thirty-nine cents. A sufneient amount is available to place it in a situation to be em inently useful to the State. The high liter ary attainments and unblemished integrity of the President and Professors chosen to ccn duct the College, will soon place it on a permanent basis. The charter makes the Governor of the State ex-ofTicio . President of the Board of Trustees. I was present at the meeting of the Board on the 2? th of October last, and aided in the selection of the present faculty. It affords me great pleasure to be able to inform you that a large majority of the trustees are decidedly'opposed to placing, the institution under sectarian influence; and all of them are resolved to diffuse the benefits of the institution, as fur aspracticable, to eve ry portion of the State. The circular here with transmitted, will show that it is the de termination of the Board to educate, annual ly, five students, at the expense of the institu tion, and to give tuition to fifty-six others. The plan adopted wilfsccure equal advanta ges to every county in the State. , Suitable measures will, no noubt, be "taken to protect those students from insult; and we may fond ly hop that some of them may, hereafter, fill the most exalted stations in the common wealth. Learning, talents and integrity are the only pasports to office in a free govern ment. Two vacancies exist, in the Board cf Trustees, winch it will be your duty to fill one of them was occasioned by tire death of Col. Joseph Sessions, who was long a resident, end filled many high offices, botti under the Territorial and State Governments; he was a most worthy and-estimable citizen, and aided as a member of the Convention in framing the Constitution of the State in 1817. Most cf the sages of that Conven tion have been gathered tojheir fathers, and left the destinies cf the country in the hands of those who were then strangers to the soil. They left us the rich legacy of a free govern ment, and it is our solemn duty to transmit its blessings to posterity. Oakland College, endowed,by private mu-' nificrnce, is in a prosperous condition. Male and female acadamiesare in success ful operation in Sharon, Columbus, Holly Springs, Port Gibson and "several other pla ces they are crowded with scholars, and afford the means of acquiring a good edu cation's cheaply as m any other State. Mis sissippi College, located at Clinton, in a healthy region and central situation, acccssa ble to a wealthy portion of the State, was ence in a flourishing condition. It has re ceived some aid ficm the State, but of late has not prospered. I recommend all these Colleges ancLacadamies to the fostering care of the legislature. Money expended in the great cause of education is never lost. Learn ing aids and sustains the possessor, when fortune and friends forsake him. A geological survey of the State is wor thy of your consideration. Our mineral re sources are imknown. but it is believed that a crreat abundance of iron oar can be found. A demand now exists for rock to construct our rail-roads, and but little of it can be had with convenience. Investigation would brinrr to liszht various rocks and minerals, w hich co jld be turned to a profitable account A tonotrrmhical survey is also desirable. Means may be discove red to reclaim several : . 1, -til millions of acres cl ncu alluvial lanei now subject t3anr.ua! inundation. By the con struction of Levees, opt ning and straightening means necessary for the acquirement of equal advantages to other portions of the State. Railroads are of gTeat convenience and al ways benefit the cities at their termination. but all experience proves that they never can come m compeuuoii wuii steam or Keel boats in the transportation cf bulky or hea vy articles. The Railroads now 11 progress of com pletion are deserving of your favorable consideration. The Vicivsburjr and Jackson Rail-road will be completed during the pre sent year, and the Mississippi Rail-road is advancing rapidly to completion. -These companies" have prosecuted their several works in good laith, and considering the pressure of the times, have done much. The Grand' Gulf and Fort Gibson the.St. Francisviilcand Woodville, and the Missis sippi and Alabama Rail-road Companies, nave pjosecuisatncir several works with but little vigor, and the various other Rail-road and Banking1 Companies, have not even commenced the improvements they are re quired to make. Banking seems to be their entire object and only cart. Those compa nies striving to construct the great improve ments they have undertaken, deserve your aid. No taxes should be imposed upon them, and it deserves consideration, wheth er the credit of the State should not be brought to their relief. One of the Rail Road Banks already has been wholly, and others partially relieved from making roads, This "1 policy is clearly wronjr. Making public improvements has always been the pretence for obtaining such charters, and in strict justice, exemptions from the burthen should not be tolerated. The blending of Banking and Internal Improvement will, in the end, prove injurious to the stockholders and the State. I have never favored the scheme, and my best reflections have confirm ed me in the opinion, that it should be ex tended no farther. The State, with her cre dit, could make all the Rail-roads she re quires; the rate of tolls cculd then be kept under the control of the Legislature, and when the profits of the work had indemni fied the State f a the cost of the construc tion, the road might be surrendered to the free use of the people, or the profits paid in to the State Treasury. The Law, at present, is a sealed book to the great mass of the community; but few, even of the judges and other pnblie officers, are in possession of all the statutes com plete copies are not to be had the unwritten Law still governs our Judges m the adjudi cation 01 cases. The labor of a crreat 1 many years is required to understand wnat Laws govern us, and we counsel at crreat expense aiidPtbe,W et'0f .th "ampIeedjFbegto recommend an' entire consolidV tei nremK7 f nvict 13 a mu su revision, arid amendment of all the laws rer preventive of crime, than ssvpntv ,i e . i-. nnnishmPT tr: ' 1 .""'J V r iC1llu" l 01 me Auuuor, 1 rea r .-v.iit. natmsj c-Atuiimea witn some care the fourth Book, of Pray's Revised Stat utes, I cheerfully recommend it to your fa vorable consideration: with some slight chan ges it would secure society against the ag gressions of the depraveil, and by ensuring the conviction of the guilty, operate as a sal utary example, and thus de'fer others from the perpetration of crime. Solitary confinement at hard labor, would have a more powerful effect; in preventing crime than any other mode of punishment. The revisor has wise- y recommended, that Murder; and Arson in have to employ To vindicate our lights. The Codes of Justinian, of Fred erick nf Trn?;?ia nf Nrmnlenn. nd nf T,iv- ingston, prove that Law can be written in courts conflict, and the labors required mtellknb e lancruarre. reduced to a system. U1 "iai """ure mucu greater man ne can 1 the first dezree. and Treason, alone, should be capitally punished, and thu executions should take place in the Prison or Prison yard, in the presence of certain oHcers.- Tils horrid spectacle of an csesution effects no good; on the contrary, it usually excites the sympathy of the beholders, aneT in their eyes, the felon becomes a martyr. If a sys tem of Criminal Jurisprudence was so gradu ated, as clearly to mark out the various de grees of crime and affix the appropriate pun ishment, convictions would become almost certain, and the majesty of the Law.be vin dicated the Code proposes all these1 objects, and, in addition, it defines, with great preci sion, every species of crime designates the manner of arresting the accused and procee ding m the trial. It is unjust to punish those who cannot readily ascertain what is prohib ited. Under the existing system, it requires a learned lawyer, after consulting an im mense mass of books, to find out the long cat alogue of offences punishable by statute, and at common Law. r . To prevent, if possible, the lawdess of acts violence which have so long gone ( unpun ished in the State, and to put down those har pies who are preying on the community; and wresting from our citizens their hard ear nings at the gaming table, I recommend to your consideration the propriety of giving compensation, in the shape cf tax fees, to the District Attorneys. A certain sum sdiould be taxed in the bill of costs, commensurate with the difficulty of procuring a conviction to be collected out of the defendant. A tax fee of one hundred dollars, for each convic tion, would soon drive the Faro Dealers from the purloins of the Capitol, and from the towns and villages which they have been so long robbing. No additional burthen would be thrown on the State, for the tax fees, now collected, seldom reach the State Treasury. Further legislation- is requisite in relation to thecriminal court The Dis trict Attorney of the first judicial district is required. Imx attend, tho sessions of the crimi nal court, in four counties, in addition to his duties in the circuit court The terms of the turer and Assessors and Collectors. No suf- Lhrient reason exists why the Auditor's bond shuM not contain cs heavy a penalty as thaiofthe State Treasurer, and he should, in m case, be authorized to receive money on amount of the State or any particular fundi A change should be made in relation to thf method of keeping the accounts in the Treasurer's office moneys paid into the Treasury on account of the Literary, Three per ient and Seminary Funds, is liable to be drawn out for the ordinary expenses of Government those funds should not be di verted from their legitimate object I invoice Jour particular attention to the laws in rela tion to the appointment and duties of Asses sors and Collectors thev' ole system needs amendment their bonosrirc inuHcieut, and not filed in the proper place? the office of Assessor ana Collector, in the large coun ties particularly, should be severed, and sep arate bonds given for assessing and for col lecting taxes. When both offices are united in one individual, a failure fb return the as sessment roll renders it difficult to hold the collector responsible for failing to pay the taxes he may collect into the State Treasu- It is deserving of your serious considera tion, whether the einbezzlenif-ut of the pub lic money should not be made felony, ar,d punishab le by imprisonment in the state prisoi. The law prescribing the duties of Am tioneers requires amendment they interfen with the regular merchant, and the taxei they are required to pay, from some cause o, other, fail to reach the State Treasury. The Report of theAdjutant General is, herewith submitted during the last ye:r most of the Regiments have been orgamzel; our citizen soldiers are awakening to tie capable of being- understood by all who read. In the year 1833, the Legislature ap pointed Gen. -P. Rutilius R. Pray to "amend the phraseology of the existing statutes and I well perform. In the event of his absence from court he is required to pay the compen sation allowed the person appointed to fill his place a greater compensation should Be al to prime, correct and arrange, a Iter and i lwe than that now fixed by law, or less- la- iV, virinnsRavous. and clcarincr od the tim- surface of the rnous and Jt? Is chea Irealizl f e &uiidm?s. Two hmidr rf I might be retained, and tl pay the ProfVsor, and o ) f. :t : 3 healthy situation, A sufficient the prVsent year. ed le ther In a few vears the f 'd furnish an ample supply ' for our Free Schools. Un- ?y is speadily established, iyZ for the collection of the i-ahrse portion cf it maybe ;Ue drawers of the notes are 1, lave removed out of the i,la fund could be saftly ) Sterns of the University, ryany influence should be aad the benefits ofthe in Uf cured to eery portion cf . rf" The Irnme nse sums ifi 'rp3Dy 0UT citizens, f their children, takes away and operates injuriously S Nations as healthy can 3 borders as elsewhere, be as cheaply obtained, never b? far removed from ou" patriotism,no less than ... us the duty of educa 4 brae. Ia earl V life the hrr. nnd 'rxnosmcr th? wrhole low lands to the action of the sun, a great portion of our swamp lands may be rendered susceptible cf cultivation. The eighth section of the seventh article of ike Constitution provides, that "no money from the Treasury shall be appropriated to objects of internal improvement, unless a bill for that purpose be approved by two-thirds of both branches cf the Legislature." It is to be lamented that such an anti-repu Jican provision should have been incorporated m our fundamental Law. It denies to the ma jority their most sacred rights and puts it in the power of (he few io retard the improve ment of the country. - I respectfully recom mend, that you propose to the people a change of that odious section. . The whole State is intersected with large rivers, containing no rapids, and it is only necessary to cut the logs from their beus, and the pendant trees on their banks, to make them navigable -for a great portion of the yeJ? by steamboats; and the Aole year by l botfs; navigation could be had m every portion of the State, and no one would have to haul his products far, in order to obtain Suispoitationtothe best markets, and pi o crefe necessary supplies. A bale of cot ton can be freighted a thousand miles en a Steamboat, as cheap as it can be carried tnir ty rSles on h I&U-road. Five. hundred Lus,anddolIarsjudiciallyexpendedmck in-out the various rivers and crce 1 m ha State would be of more .real benett tc , the people than the construction of all the -XtuI: ' s ; Trnw of completion. roaus now nto -..j amtnd, the provisions thereof, so far. as may be necessary to render the Code harmonious in itself, and consistent with the provisions of the Revised Constitution.' In pursu ance of-that authority, a new code was pre pared and submitted to the Legislature two years ago. The arrangement of the work is admirable technical phrases are avoided; the language is plain and intelligible, and any cne able to read could know the Law that guarantees to him his rights, his proper ty and his liberty, should the code be adop ted by the Legislature. Strenuous objec tions have been made to the proposed Revis ed Statutes, by many who have never read tKem or studied their provisions. Some are so wedded to black letter books and the un written or Common Law, as to be unwilling to belie ve that any improvement can be made. VTe live in an age which contradicts all such assumptions. The Civil and Penal Codes of Louisiauna have fully answered the de sired end, and to advance in the science of coddification, we have only to follow those who have advanced before us. Most of the provisions, in Pray's Code, are copied from statutes m other States, which have already received a judicial construction. No diffi culty, therefore, could arise in interpreting them the eminent jurist, who. framed the Code, now fills one of our highest judicial stations all doubtful questions would soon be placed beyond dispute. . It has too long bet n the custom to look for the Law in the opinions of jurists. The Legislative will expressed, in accordance with the . Constitu tion, is the only law recognised in a free go vernment. The presentis a most auspicious time for the adoption of an entire new Code of Laws. Fully one half of our popula tion have recently emigrated to the State, are imacemainted with the existing Laws, and could sooner become familiar with a new Code, than the old, for copies of the Code of 1 S22, are not to be had. biiould you, in your wisdom, decline acting cn the three first Books of . the Revised Statutes, it will be necessary to authorise and provide for the rc-printing of the. Code of 1822, in or der that those officers now destitute may be supplied. The best interest of the State are jeopardized; in consequence of. our public officers beinir unable to obtain complete setts Those who are so fortunate as to bi near -ood mri-ation poffht act to to be situated rrr the ofthe existing statutes, 'icerc is no securi ty for life, liberty, or property, deprived as the people are, of access to the laws. ; A new criminal code, -adapted to the Penitentiary .,.rr, WJ11 mnmre vour early, attention. The State prison is in rapid progress of com pletion, ana :will be ready for the reception of months. The severity of thexisting Code, and the great number of crimes punishable by death, prevent its en .-- . v th-.t outxar?3 nublic opm iorccmeiu . - i - - r ; rA but seldom executed the- spirit of onnosed to hanging, branding, croppn-, whipping, snd the pillcry; runts bor should be required. . The Report of the Jomt Committee of the Legislature on the books and papers of the late Auditor, John H. Mallory and the State Funds is herewith transmitted. It appears that he is defaulter to the amount of fifty-four thousand and seventy-nine dollars and nine-six-cents all (except $230,58,) on account of town lots and the three per cent, Semi nary and Sinking Funds. The existing law crives the Auditor exclusive control of the money arising from the sale of town lots and the three percent andSeminary Funds; he is also one of the Commissioners of the Sinking Fund. It was intended that the Auditor and Treasurer should be checks on each other, yet, by an oversight, more pow er has been vested in the Auditor than, per haps was intended. The trust reposed has been sadly abused, and he has been en abled, thus long, to conceal his defalcations in consenuencn of beiner most unwisely au thorised to receive money wdiich should have been audited and paid into the State ireasu i ry in the usual manner. Great looseness aDnears to have prevailed m both the Auditor's and Treasurer's office during the years 18367. The late Treasurer, O. C May son, appears to have been in the habit of receiving money of tax collectors, and oth ers without the production of the Auditor's recei pt warrant, as required by law. This may exempt the securities, on his bond; from liability, but it will operate most oppressively on the tax collectors, to be com pelled to pay tho money again. The reso lution approved May the 11th, 1837, au thorised nhe State Treasurer to receive of the several tax collectors of this State, the notes of all the chartered Bank ing: Companies "of the State of Mis sissippi, in the payment and discharge of all the warrants issued by the Auditor of Public Accounts upon the Treasurer of the State;" and the act approved May 2d, 1837, authorized , him to receive the distributive share of the Surplus Revenue of the United States, required to be deposited with this State. ' No authority was given him to re ceive of the Government of the United States any thing but gold and silver, or the notes of specie paying banks, yet, in defiance of law, he received payment of the Treasury drafts in such depreciated paper as the Agricultur al Bank chose to give him, and deposited a portion thereof in the Branch of the Com mercial and Rail Road Bank ofVicksburg. at Clinton, and the Tesidue in the ofikc of the Planters Bank at Jackson. About two hundred thousand dollars of the money received of the Agricultural baixk, on account of the Surplus Revenue, waji de posited in the Planter's Bank at Jackson, and that branch has, ever since the saspen sioc, refused to payout anything to tho pub lie. creditors, except Brandon money.:.. In or der that fituie defalcations may be prevent- importance of preparing in peace for war. The number of v olunteer companies have been more than doubled, and I feel confident that by the close of the present year I wall be enabled to have every regiment organized and officered; in addition, it is expected that forty volunteer companies will by that timl, be armed and equipped, ready to march, t short notice, to whatever point danger m3y threaten. I commend these companies,to the Special consideration of the Legislature; composed as they are, of young and chjval- rous gentlemen, ready to lace any toe and brave any' danger, the country may confi dently rely on them for protection. The appointment of an Inspector General is re commended, whose duty it should be, at least ence m every year, to drill the officers of each regiment. To obtain a competent officer, a liberal salary will be requisite. Hiving reverwed a portion of the regiments last fall, 1 can safely say, that the entire organization of the militia is not impracticable, ' and that our citizen soldiers are amply able to pro tect their homes against the assaults of any foe, foreign or domestic. Three hundred and fifty muskets, belonging to the State, were wrecked m the barque Ella Hand. 1 hese guns were purchased in the Spring of 1837, but in consequence of the protest of the check given m payment for them, they were not shipped until July, 1S3S, Under the act of Congress of 1 80S, arms are annu ally furnished to the various States of the Union. Correct returns of the strength of the Militia of this State have been made by the Adjutant General to the proper depart ment; and, in future, a sufficient quantity of arms will be annually obtained, from the General Government, to furnish ten compa nies. In several of the counties the regi ments are too large, and some of the brigades could be advantageously divided. The ex isting militia law is plain and perspicuous frequent changes in the system are always injurious, and it would perhaps be well to give the one now m force a fairtnal. 1 wen ty-fiive .hundred copies - of the act to Regu late the Militia have been printed, and most of them distributed amoner the officers. Books of discipline are needed, and cannot readily be obtained. During the last fall, representations were made to the Executive that the lives of some four or five individu als were in great danger that the Indians were resolved to retaliate on them for killing one of their tribe that no organized force in that county existed, to aid the civil officers in preserving the peace and en fore hi a . the laws. Believinarthat neither white uren Indians should be permitted to take the laws in their own hands and revenge their suppos ed wrongs, I considered it my duty 10 iuLe precautionary measures, and be prepared for any contingency. This had the desired effect, 'and the peace of the country was pre served. The Report of the late State Treasurer, J. A. Van Hesen, Esq., and of the present Treasurer, Gen. Silas Brown, as well as the Report of the Auditor of Public Accounts are berewith transmitted. These docu ments will convince you that the annual ex penditures far exceed the reciepts into the State Treasury, and that retrenchment improvement in the collection of the revenue or additional taxation must be resorted to Soon after the appointment of J. A, Van Hoesen, as State Treasurer, i directed him to call on the legal representatives of James Philips, for all the books, papers and money belonging to the office. He reported to me that he counted the money in the iron chest, but that the books of the Treasurer were aol written up, and time was repaired to effect that object, and to ascertain whether all the money, found in the safe, belonged to the State. Having been informed that no part 0 the money found in the safe of the late Treasurer had been paid over to his succes sor, 1 felt it my duvy to call on the Execu trix for a report of the official acts of James Philips, and the amounof money found in the chest at the time of his death: , - A copy of said communication i hf re with" transmit ted. No direct reply has been rdrt4, An evasive reply, by an individual who I conceived was making an improper usu cf the money, and had no legal right to its cen tred, was tendered and returned, to him. The amount, retained for a period cf morw than three months,' was fifteen or twenty thousand dollars, a portion of which w a paid overtothe Treasurer last'rncnth.' H-s v reports to mo that he cannot, ascertain th.t true situation of the late Treasurer book. An investigation of the whole nutu-r will enable you to ascertain the exact situation of all the accounts of the deceased Treasurer. Additional legislation may be found neces sary it would be proper to require all ihs papers, effects and money in the Treasurer's office to be sealed up at the decease of tha incumbent, and to be delivered over to hig successor as soon as appcinte-d. Suitable penalties- may be (bund necessary to pre Vv.it an improper use of the State funds in such cases. - All the lots in the city of Jackson,-be . longing to the State, have beta sold thes excepted, reserved for public purposes and for the health, ornament and convenience of the city. The late sales amounted to tha sum of. one hundred and seventy-eight thou sand nine hundred and one dollars, payable in one, two, and three years. This sum, if tt could be made available, would bo suffi cient to finish the Slate House and improv the adjacent grounds. - Large appropriations will be remi? finish the Penitentiary provide too 1 a fXr the convicts, materials to keep them profit ably employed, and pay for the superintend ants. With a sound currenev tho rr;, labor and materials will be CTeailvdTminM, ' e(L - ' In pursuance of the authority vepd u the Executive, by Law, I transferred to tha Mississippi union Bank twenty-five thou sand one hundred and six dollars and fifty two cents of the notes, payable in one year taken in payments of Lots sold in the city of Jackson, in November, 1833. The nett proceeds of said notes, amounting to the sum of twenty-three thousand four hundred and seventy-three, dollars ar.d eighteen cnti has been paid over to the Treasurer. Tha account of sales of lthe lots sold cn the 2 1st and 22nd of, November 1S3S, is herewith trarismitted. It will show thst th a fair price; that the sale could not have tak en piece at a more favorable period. Th lien reserved upon them all. together Uh the personal security, will ensure the pay- iiiin puicuos money. . The Capitol, although not finisheeCis &o far advanced as to afford 'accommodation to' the Legislature, and the various public- cfH- -ccrs. The building has nroorrapd Vo slowly the past year, and it is belie7ed th ft the expenditures have been unusually cxt:--vagant. A rigid scrutiny into all the ccii- iracxs ana accounts of the officers, charge! with the erection of the ' States House Lid Penitentiary, is necessary. It Will enable you to ascertain what further Legislatica may be required, in order to ensure the sjy-o-' dy completion of the Public Building 0 reasonable terms. 0 ' The Resolution in relation to the ReTcnua of the State, approved may 10th, 1837 will engage your early attention the reason, for its pssage have in a great measure ccsi ed and the paper of those banks that iar failed to resume cannot, any longer, be- taken with soft jv. Should Uie jresolutfoar'continua in force the paper of worthless banks, a lone, will be paid into the Treasury, by 'tht Tax collectors, and it cannot be used in pay ment of the charges on the Treasury I suggest the propriety of authorising the in stitution of suits on all the notes in th Treasury, on Banks which do not redeem their issues in specie. If the salaries of the public officers are considered to be too high, they should be reduced, but it is gross injustice to pay the creditors of tha State in funds so much depreciated as the notes of several of our incorporated Bank. The State debt now amounts !o the sum of $332,335 30, deposited by the General Government, xand which is liable, at any time, to be recalled two millions of dollars in six per cent, bonds, sol 1 by the State to pay for stock to that amount in the Planters' Bank, and five millions of dollars in five per cent bonds, sold to take stockto that amount in the Mississippi Union Bank. Bmr,m m in all to the sum of seven million three hua dredand eighty-two thousand three hundred and thirty-five dollars and thirty-cents and the anual interest on that sum (most of it payable in Europe) amounts to the sum of three hundred and seventy thousand dvllars. To preserve the honor of the State unsullied, and her credit unimpaired, it h of the hst importance that the interest should be puncl- ually paid, at the places' designated, and ample funds provided for the redemption of the principle it is usually much easier to borrow and spend mouey than to provide tht? means of payment - ?.Jy recorded votes on the Journals of the Senate, are well as ray speeches, during tha canvass proceeding my election to the office I now occupy, show that I never wa in favor of pledging the faith of the State for Banking purposes, but inasmuch as tha question has long been before the peoide and nave twice received their sanction, I signed the charter of Ihe Mississippi Union Bank," naving no constitutional scruples. Soon after the managers were elected, I was called on to pay twoahd a half per cent, on the State's subscription of five million r doliarsin cash. This I decimal dm'r the correspondence herewith transmitted will show my reasons for pursuing thil course, , w - On the day' the books wero opened at Jackson; I subscribed for vfifty tnotisaiid shares of stock in the bank, and execute bonds for five millions of dollar?, oon a they were prepared for my .o:Il, ;.if 1 1 "