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e WiV .ject o? jmbia rs pasf m and : settled to her tugiiive inv rea. i has al oi' Cali atic doc his cele- in frani ! riijht lo bey may -ry, pros- District such as or l he ni ce, when ed slaves linisbing ere ap 5 in both ajority o( They n Slates, ppi to be led to do ds of the were ia ly found to hay e ' to them; ?uer than obtained lia might WiS'S. larper. Chilton, le P. si or publi- , 1350. ie session I prevent ; at Jactc iou those of which, of State, whatever i-h. nventioo, Oonven uf whigs i'ed to re d five of milted to Governor n of Cali ntaininj? a e ci rcum nstitution, he Union, .invention two other e. and the e Conyea e -ense of the senti- itions em ?s violent tihew, of opv : ie in rela in thereof, is; thereto, tied Siaies otiress t any l.iw e con-ent aw, which ict. Two one. tornia as a irohibilion rnsiiiution A the Un- le Hon. E. te address, did not re- s. nni almost quail) the ie, it was the people in of Cali ned by her hibition of tud or out e Federal California obnoxious he people iha' period ronviction. admission nt to the the consli len as Ifee lornia was riehts .as liiional va- Contrress-. spntimenis many dis- whom the ; power of m instances i m potent, nption and lew a .trife mional tri jw a Siate, ;iirit of the if every pa e prosperi rotected by It'intf Cali Slave Bill, on-titution. liment wili for better disposal of hem in en iSde ia bis , whenever vfol corabi on. ie. Let u ral Govern nfo.ee this one more ie t urban of r yet walk' on, and be ore endeav ters of her i precarious s in safety, tnintr these little in thejl conduct ot be Rrateful h I will not 'e of South- ice on slave I riiy, and the lion not le-5 ance should ih to render; rnment, and ice with the il roads thai :er proximi- :tor ies, arse- i'T us, eitn-r crn labor or hoots where, ns, and the: nishable de thern rights, nd harmony r that, in the id the South,.: that we may. the eneroi; re be no lu men, about ise that keep! rn bosom, of Northers istingaishe nd unanini- rour fello nijroN. GOYEIMOK'S MESSAGE. tniUmenoithe Senate and House of Representative, : j Abii.'!' sense of duty has induced me to con-j t.. the .e-lskiture in exiraorunuirv m-moh. Wore I 'is'l'ISl'li t tun irom i.nsou me respon- , u v .,; tin :U'l, l mmm pouu im i ne uiui aim ni,1'.V ..... ', ...... i,,.,i.i.. 1....1:..., ; - .i .:.. i. . ; 3 the hrill and si ;.it'.' resoi 111 loil 'U umi iiuiHMtin: uvuirs, visscd id the 'as' "e-vsion 011 subject if our j t'oderal relations, :is a full justification of my ! o rso : but. inasmuch as tlie Constitution eon-; fides t!;i important power solely to the discretion ! of the Governor. 1 am quite content to rest the j ,rt ot niv action upon reasons aim coi.siuera- i I tiuiis. wliich I shall proceed to lay oeiore you md bv our common constituents, the people. 1 ,ha!i study to present thetu with simplicity, candor , 3nd truth. i Probably no rcprcseuuiuj e uuhtiiiucui ..as . ver existed, which has not been agitated by the j ontests of rival interests. hen these happen 0be ottered and dilluscd throughout a whole I ommu'iity, the excitement thereby produced, is I ciltliv and bciieiiciai ; ouu wneu inese inieresis 'rP ?.)."il and sectional, growing out of dhersity f ci.tnate and prouuciions, ine coiuesi soon De mies a struggle for supremacy too often attend j with icalousv, bitterness and hatred, especially "hen the rival sections :.re distinguished by dis ni.lar nnJ incongruous social systems. The con c',t 'which has long been waged by the Northern r nen-siivenoidiiig States, led on by New Eng inJ. a:ii!it the Southern or slaveholding States, " s beL'iui T0 Partake of the latter character. It I. m::if need in a conllict ot interests, about tnanu- vt .ire-. Ration laws, local appropriations, &c, .1 h is ended in a w ar of extermination against . iastitiition of domestic slavery, or rather, -Jn.t the State in which the system exists. T::e b.ostiiity to slavery has now become the '.'-absorbing, all-controlling element of political iL.n :;i:d patty movement, both in Congress and w'iout the .Northern States. Political parties, : :te. st pamte. and are modified w ith reference i ;t. It is the main question in the selection of ..;,:;j:!t-s for all otlicers. It is the active element :' regions, benevolent, charitable, and even liter r. asj-oeLtf ns, and the spice which seasons pri-.it- .society. The Constitution of the United it:cs. the rich's of the Suites, the gravest ques et" public policy, all are construed and de r. ir.ed with reference to this question of domes vcivcrv : and the Congress of the United States, :: .e powers are limited mainly to the regulation :':;iti"!ial and external objects, are now found v tine nearly ail their time to subjects of a do- .. e !i:iti.'i"e- over which it was never intended thev should exercise jurisdiction. i: iniiht be interesting to trace the progress of ii" lit ion. or anti-slavery excitement, from its becitminifs to its present overshadowing in k ee. wl'.cii it actually sways the whole rnachin . -..f Federal (loverninent. I?ut it is sutlicient, : coii::cction, to state the question as it was, the last session of the Legislature .and to pre : ! tlreibiv the changes which have since occurred. !;- thT war with .Mexico, we had acquired a .-: and valuable territory. Its area is large i .:'!'. to constitute rifteti states of medium size, r'ion of this territory, fronting for more than tiles udoii the I'ucitic ocean, abounds with a :l:'.rl.ors. ::,v Indies. ,a- ,. It c. .-t.'.ie bed: which command the rich rich commerce of China, and of the Southern Atelii .iitaiiiM too. w ithin its bosom, inex- of precious metals. No country uis.-.e.vred, has saddely presented so many i.iuit attraction! for adventurers, and none has . int. i notice with more rapidity. The cxclu t.. possession and enjoyment of this vast and h territory, soon excited the avarice and lust power of the North, and for a time, all anti iv.rv schemes were merged in the leading one excluding the South from this joint possession, e whole force of the contest was turned upon s point. The North determined to exclude cry. Ti e South seemed equally determined t to submit to such insulting and unjust dis- nmatum. Ine firm and decided position of -laveholding states, enforced respect, and for me, seemed to promise security and protection a;;it ttie contemplated outraire. In the mean :o. while the rival sections maintained this atti . a deep political intrigue was devised and set t ot. to effect indirectly the pupose. of exclud ; the Southern states from the common terri The transient and floating population which d poured into the country, were .instigated and l -'i!i raged to usurp the sovereign domain of the '. and most valuable portion of that country, : o:'i the Southern states from all participation "v.n. and to demand from Congress the sanction 'a- ir illegal procedings, and admission into the i' l :is a State. Encouraged by the Federal a .i-tratioii, in the way of whose political j rats these questions lay as stumbling blocks, stupendous plot to defraud the Southern tes by an abuse of the power to admit new imtu ithst.uiding its monstrous injustice, i beginning to develop its progress during irLit session of the I.etrislature. So palpable ; val purpose appeal to those who had close 'tvhed its progress, that both our Senators ''r.jTess. and ail our Representatives, in an of ; f innmiiieation addressed to me, to he laid : t:i legislature and the people, declared, : in v regarded this measure, the admission of .:' rni.i, as the Wilmot IVosiso in another ra It was too grossly unjust to be urged a -."asure by itself. Its deformity w:us too j.r.e t. Keen its principal sponsors did not in "nmeneei ient, venture to advocate the propo-- ai eie. To break the force of the blow, and r:'..!.ite its cti'eets, they connected it with other j- :-. s some of them objectionable, and others tii ".i'y useless and immaterial. It was called mpfejiise, an adjustment, and many patriotic n i:i the South, were, no doubt, misled by the -e.ii' di'jw, and deceptive appliances, which were, t , .r,t s. ruple, resorted to, to bolster up and :c i u a the state of the controversy at the " T t the adjournment of our legislature. It -s itai honed that the outraire would not be v. tted : :,t any rate, the Legislature did not to anticipate so important a contingency, me.l the precaution sufficient to leave it, trier can ies of compliant, to the consideration ! nthern Convention, then shortly expected hie at Nashville. I he Legislature in i" disposition to fall back from the po nieii had been assumed by the October on. advocated by both great political par- Sua., canvass, and maintained with "reat nt unanimity in numerous popular meetings scions were, tnat we were entitled to a i'-i;ution in the use and enjoyment of the " conquered from Mexico, and that we without dishonor, submit to be excluded The Nashville Convention, whose detcr is '-cere by antieipation,adopted by our I-eg-ai 'l most formally insisted upon these tcr--i "s. and had only, for the sake of peace .Treed to acquiesce in a division of the tin- line of tiij deg. 3D tnin. with the uati'.n that this was to be the extreme "f the States therein represented. protests and determinations were be ss. ;md would probably have com- and secured the rights of the i :-h.had same firmness and unanimity been 'u: ed. which marked the commencement of j ''''it. Hut unfortunately for the peace of i ":au dete nous irom our ranKs oceurrea, , J '.. t'llb' (if the Smtli fiiciu1 in irmininff rn. and the obnoxious measures, which had b b .ted by Congress for nine months, be- means, the slaveholding States have nte;y exr hided from the arreater nor- b frr the most valnjibln nnrf. of all the '""? a; iuired from Mexico, the whole coast j '' 1'aemr, the g,dd mines, and an area large i rTl hr ti n States of medium size ; and al- i the less important territories of Utah and i 'XiCO have been orrr.'ini'ed without tfi ' Proviso. v..t io tti.. .'wu tli. r..i ' . Cr, gr,-ss expresslv refused to repeal or ! Mexican laws." which were supposed 1 -sri''ni,!!le int'C'Juctioti of slavery into these ing States, from an equal enjoyment of the cotn I sr'.f i iie douht and danger, therefore, which ; mon property of the States. It was, in fact, the r un.I I'S lUtrOfilletirvr, ir.ti-. tKi.wt. iiirritrtritk'S 'id.' Ji an ''i't''la, prohibition, and so it was ; v.-Tj '!' ,!e majority in Congress, who stood j :--Hin r" emergency required it, to stop the If. tr. v, iniw M '.v -.iiv. , M. j Jr snery ry positive prohibitions. ' r't then, justified in asserting that j ! trlr::ti. ment pf every acrc of th(J VMt domaiaJ a"c" quired from Mexico? l,ven tins is not all VP liavotn mnl.,i f i i5v one ol the bills of the series, ten millions of the ruiblie monies rnisod V.e i..viinn !.: ' 1 ........ . I. 1'4 l.Hil'l I ) 1 .'lit 1. 1 IV ill- ! dustrv of the country, have "been voted, to purchase 1 r....... f..,..,.. .. .: ". i. .. ... r.. .lA.iaajiiiHiuiiui uer son, ior no ottier :ip parent object than to convert it to '-free soil pur poses." Would it be :i greater stretch of power to apply the Federal treasury to the purchase of their slaves, to make them free? I will not however, dwell upon these incidents. AT ,, ,,.-..... 1. ..... . ... ii , , t'"'i",;,- n;uu me io examine me act ot ton- press admittiiur California, with reference t If. character, as bearing upon the political destiny of the country, and its dleet upon the Southern states in a pecuniary point of view. To commence with the last. TheValue of slaves depends upon the demand for their labor. The history of the cultivation of our great staples showsthat this value is permanent! v enhanced by the openin-r of new helds ot labor. The immense nrotits which have and still continue to reward well directed in dustry in the gold mines of California, exceeding those which have ever flowed from mere labor, unmixed with capital, or mechanical skill, would have furnished a demand for the application of slave labor, inexhaustible in extent and infinite in duration. Had this wide field for investment been open to the slave labor of the Southern States, wages w ould have risen, and consequently the value of slaves at home would have been greatly enhanced. Many hundred millions of dollars would have beeti added to the capital of the Southern States, had they been merely per mitted to avail themselves of the benefits to which they were entitled under the Constitution of the United States. Had the common territory acquir ed by joint valor and purchased by joint treasure been honestly and fairly open to their use and occupation as joint proprietors t had equal, even handed justice been extended to them, thev would now be rejoicing and exultant in the activity, energy, general prosperity, and above all, confi dence in the future, which would have been im parted by such expansion. To this estimate of the pecuniary interest, lost to the South by the in terference of Congress, may probably be added the probable enhanced price of our great staples j caused by the abstraction of a portion of the j labor, now employed in their growth, and threat ening in time overproduction. Had ttiese profit able and permanent fields of labor been open to us, all fears of such results, would have been for ever dissipated. These estimates of pecuniary interest are fair and just. They are founded upon the fixed opin ion of almost every well informed person among us, that had the Government dealt justly, and let't these territories free and open to the peo ple of the slaveholding States, for a reasonable time, a large portion of them would have event ually come into the Union as slaveholding States. But deeply as this measure may have effected our ' pecuniary interests, it is far more important when regarded in its political aspect. The admission of California has furnished for all time to come, a most dangerous precedent of Executive inter ference, in the creation of States. By its admis sion, it is now conceded, that the first body of ad venturers w ho may chance to assemble on the public domain, may usurp absolute dominion over it, and appropriate it to themselves, regardless of the rights of the people of the sovereign States of this Union, The precedent is now set that no legal authority, civil organization, enumeration of inhabitants, qualifications of electors, or other formalities are necessary to constitute a State, or to admit her into the Union, provided the institu- : tion of domestic slavery be excluded. Who cannot see in this violent, hasty and tin- preeedented act of ushering a State into this Union, the purpose of unsettling the equilibrium between the slaveholding and non-slaveholding States ? And how long will it be, before this monstrous precedent will be resorted to, to create and introduce other new States for the purpose ' of attaining other anti-slavery objects ? The whole character and structure of our Government has been changed by this act, and the principle admitted that new free States may be created ad libitum. And how has this been done f I assert : by a most flagrant violation not on!y of the principles of justice and equality, but also by a breach of the Constitutional compact between the States. I mean to say, that the act of Congress admitting California, although not a question cognizable bv the judicial department, was irregu lar, unconstitutional and void. a.sto the other ' States. The power printed to Cotirress over the terri- ' tory, or other property belonging to the United States, necessarily excludes the assumption that the right of empire or of sovereignty resides in the inhabitants of the territory while such, because the authority delegated to Congress is utterly inconsistent with the existence of such sovereign power in the inhabitants. This right of sovereign ty over territory, not resting in the inhabitants, under the Constitution, must reside in the States or the people of the several States of the. Con- federacv. Their ownership of the soil, right of eminent domain, and sovereignty, are joint and , equal. t The Constitution of the United States confers upon Congress the right to admit into the Union, 'new Stittes" not territories, and as they are to be ! admitted on an equal footing with the original States, they must be necessarily at the time of their admission political communities, possessing all the rights and attributes of sovereignty- As the in- ! habitants of the territories do not possess sov ereign power, there must be some act on the part of the States, who do possess it, equivalent to a grant, by which that power, before residing in the ' States, becomes vested in the inhabitants of the territory. This act must be performed by Con gress, the constituted agent of the States, and the j . , .... , , i - A, it .- e ! power to do n istneiuaea in ine aeioganon oi au thority to '-admit new States.7' I am aware that it is claimed that Congress pos sesses the right to admit new States, and as no specific limitations are placed upon the exercise of i that power, thev may at option overlook any irreg- : ularity which may have occurred in the prepara- ; tion for admission. But this right must necessa rily be governed and limited in its exereise, by the j spirit of the Constitution. The assumption of the right of Congress to admit new States without limitation, and without reference to other provis- i ions of the Constitution, would imply the power j n Congress, in the case of California, to give va- lidity to an act, which by the Constitution is not only irregular, but absolutely void. This involves : a palpable absurdity. The assumption implies j the ability on the part of Congress, to adopt as j their own, an act void and forbidden by the instru- ' ment, from which they derive their whole power over the subject. i It seems, then, too evident to admit of dispute, I that all the acts of California, the assumption of ; sovereign power, the creation of a State, the fix- ' ing of her extensive boundaries, and the exclu- , sion of slavery therein, if valid, derive their valid- i ity solely from the action of Congress. In fact j thev are the acts of Congress; and, as Congress ! has no power to create States, or to prohibit sla- ! very either in the Territories or the States, the ! acts are unconstitutional and void, and as such, ; should forever be resisted by the aggrieved State.' r, ,. A . ...l. . . 1 . - 3 1 ' l ne great purposes suujm tu ne .m.-uiieu in I these acts, are but too apparent Independently , of the cogent reason arising from her enormous territorial extent, the motive avowed in the Cali- i fornia convention for including within her limits the whole extent of territory, lying between Mex- ico and Oregon on the seaboard, rendered it im- j rwr.-itivf on Coinrress to interfere. The motive ; was, by the exclusion of African slavery, to settle the question of the Wilmot proviso as to that ter- j ritorv. Nor is the motive of Congress, in ratify- j ing the acts of California a subject of doubt. It i tr nivv.. nt tlif. extension of the institution ot i 1.., T"l,o inA I mnt inn of" the nrOCCSS CailtlOt ' conceal its character. It was an exclusion by the : action of Conr-ress of the people of the slavehold- Dnnlin..4lAn f 4V.ii tU ilnlAl I'rnvlKIV t-O t.h.S telTl- nj.piivailuil Jl villi i. i.uiv, tory. Before I to call you nass to other subiect, I must not omit nnp fittnfinri In another act of the last session ot Congress, passed since tne aajournmem j of the Legislature, which, though not so vitally j Y! - that bst commented on, hWn" properly regarded by the Legislature, as one of ...vv,.uusui a uesign oy Congress further to interfere with the institution of shivery, and there tore dangerous to the rights of the slaveholding States. I refer to the act abolishing the slave trade in the District of Columbia an act which llOt OIllv forbids th introdiletion of sl.ivea intf. : the Federal District for sale, and their being placed I in depot to be conveyed and sold in other States, thereliy in reality preventing the transit of this description of property through tin; District as merchandize : but by declaring slaves free under : such circumstances, the act has established a pre j cedent for the abolition of slavery in the District. The limits of a Message do not permit me to detail ! other measures which have justly caused alarm and ex I citcinerit in the South; lor, however some of our own i people may. from an anxiety to allay excitement, peek i to excuse these measures, there are "few whose breast are not tilled with a dread of the dangers which from ' these quarters lower in the horizon of the future. In my opinion it would he weak, timid and disastrous pohev to shut our eyes to these dangers it is the ptrt of wisdom to meet them. Let us then survey our pos.tion and that ot our opponent-'. There is nothing to encourage the hope that there w ill lteany respite Iron, aggression. Never has hostility to slavery been more distinctly marked or more openly as serted. Sliades of ditlerenee may distinguish Northern statesmen, but all unite in stem opposition to the exten sion of slavery, ami in declarations of tlie.r fixed deter mination to confine it to its present limits, ;ind forever to close the public territory against us. The North has just triumphed in every claim she has asserted, and yet at this moment of our humiliation, their j people, less patient tlinn we. are in a blaze ot excitement at every attempt to execute the hi il to secure the return ot fugitive slaves. This plainconipliai.ee with one of the clearest injunctions ot the Constitution is not only disregarded, but conventions of both political parties, formal meetings of the people, and deliberate addresses of distinguished men, openly take ground, that being against the public sentiment ol the people of the North, it should not be executed ; and persons of all c lasses, with a pliancy of conscience which characterizes abo lition philosophy, adapt their moral code and their con stitutional duties, to their prejudices and their interests. Such then, is the triumphant attitude of anti-slavery. It now controls the entire Government. No questions arise in which it does not intermingle. And wherever it exhibits itself, it controls all other subjects. Kverv great interest in this Government is now directed and managed by it. It has broken and sundered the strong ties which bound together the religious denominations North and South. It has even now severed the bonds which ti r sixty years have united parties, and in the place it has sown the seeds of hostility and hatred. It now stands the stern, unyielding despot, consigning to the led of Procrustes every subject who-.- fitness is questioned. What is to be the fate of the institution of domestic slavery under such a Government! this great interest, with which the civilization and refinement of man on earth is connected upon which so much of the trade and commerce between Europe and America depends which employs the labor of millions and distributes the comforts of civilization to so many families this great social interest upon which are founded the prosperity, the happiness, and the very existence of the people of fourteen States of this Union ? What is to be the fate of this institution ? If left to the tender mercies of the Federal Government, its fate is doomed. With the pre judices of the age against it, it requires for it? kind devel opment a fostering Government over it. It could scarce ly subsist without such protection. How then can it exist much less flourish and prosper, under a Govern ment hostile to it ! A Government organized upon principles of hostility and opposition to the institution ? Is it proper f is it philosophic? Is it not absurd, to en trust the prosperity, the protection, and even the exist ence of a great and deilcate interest to a political power having its origin and drawing its vigor from the very element of hostility to this interest. To state the proposition clearly : The Government of the United States is now hostile to slavery. It will hereafter be selected with reference to its hostility to this interest, and its activity in the use of the means of doing it injury-. If this great and vital interest then, remains subject to the government and control of its enemy, it must perish .' Sooner or later, 1 repeat, it must perish. To save it, to preserve it from destruction, or at least, from a sickly, lingering, distempered and precarious ex istence, it must be protected by guaranties more availa ble than the present Constitution furnishes, or it must be wrested from the control of a power which is hostile to it. anl w hich seeks its destruction. It must, like every other great interest, be placed in charge f its friends. In speaking of the destruction of slavery in the South ern States, I would not be understood as supposing that summary abolition could be effected even by all the pow er ot the non-slaveholding States, unless they could suc ceed in exterminating the white race in the South : but I refer to the disastrous and fatal consequences, that would bef all the institution, which when properly regu lated and protected bv a fostering government, is the most beneficent and advantageous system of labor that has ever existed, from interferences, agitations, disturbances, and injurious regulations, carrying in their train poverty, desolation and eventual ruin to the Southern States The assumption by Congress of jurisdiction over the subject ot slavery, the constant evidence of growing hostility to it, and more than all the declaration sent abroad, and now received as inexorable law, that the area of African slaveiy is never to tie extended that whatever mav be the wants of the country, however the slavery district may be crowded with population, what ever vices and evils may result from redundant popula tion, or labor unemployed, this doomed district is to be hedged in by a wall of lire, and the common, natural and national right of expansion to be denied to it, are start ling facts. Notwithstanding temporary countervailing causes, the close observer can already perceive the injurious effects growing out of these indirect ascault- upon the institu tion of domestic, slavery, in the necessity of more vigi lant pohce regulations, and in the withdrawal of capi tal from the country, indicated by decaying towns, neglect of public improvement, and comparative depre ciation of real estate How much will not these injurious efleets be hastened and increased when time shall have more fully develop ed the fatal act, that the Federal Government is now, and is forever after to be organized, upon the principle of hostility to slavery ? The depression which follows a sense of political degradation, the decay of public spirit, the deterioration of public morals, not a little pro moted by the demoralizing effects of the temptations to treachery, held out by the splendid patronage of the Federal ( loverninent. all will tend to tne decay and ruin of the South. Such then, gentlemen, I am called upon, by an impe rious sense of duty to declare, is the present condition of Mississippi in common with the other Southern States. The prospect before us is gloomy indeed. The timec demand the firm and energetic action of every patriot. To permit ourselves to float down the stream, without a struggle, would inevitably seal our doom. To icsolve again that we will not submit to further apgrrsxinn after our former resolutions have been so contemptuous ly disregarded, and after wo have been virtnally'stripped of every acre of the public domain, would but invite further aggressions, if it did not justly subject us to the scorn and contempt of mankind. not the timid and the wavering seek to cover the indignity by a sophistry. History will vindicate truth, and will heteafter record the admission of California, a the application by Con gress of the Wilmot Proviso to the vast and rich domain encircled by her broad boundaries. The practical good sense of Mississippi discards the shallow excusa. Relying upon truth and justice, she dares meet the question, and look it in the face. Her resolutions have lon! since been proclaimed to the world, that she would not submit. She will not sub mit. She will, however, select her mode and measure of redress, with firmness, but with wisdom and prudence. Neither her Legislature nor her Executive, have power or authority to proclaim what will lie her remedy. Their duty will be discharged, by calling into active opera tion the sovereign power of the State, facilitating the full exercise of its authority and providing in the mean time, that the State shall be prepared for any probablo emergency. Since the acts of Congress above referred to, exclud ing the Southern States from all share in California, abolishing the slave trade in the District of Columbia, and actually asserting the. right of liberating slaves therein I have never for a moment doubted that it was my constitutional duty, in consonance with the resolu tions of the Ix-gislatnre, to convene that body. Not that I, at any time, supposed that the remedy, or the mode and measure of redress was within the power of that body : but because, without their and. the sovereign power of the State could not be legally invoked. It is therefore for you to determine, whether in your opinion we should patiently and meekly submit to the wrongs which have been inflicted upon us, acknowledge our in feriority, and throw ourselves upon the generosity of the aggre-e-or ; or whether, a- tiecmen and equals, we shall take steps to redress past wrongs and provide ade quate protection for the future. Believing as I do. that submission to wrong and injury tends hut to invite further aggression, and that no evils could befall us, so great as those which would be certain to flow from an acknowledgment oi our lnaniiuv or , want of courage to protect ourselves, I shall at all times : advocate the measures best calculated effectually to cor- j rect the evil and redress the wrong, and lC!'t suited to j the temper and spirit of freemen and equals in the con- j federacv. To devise and carry into effect the best means of re- dress for the nast. and to obtain certain security for the ! future. I recommend that a legal convention ot the jh-o-ple of the State should le called, with full and ample powers to take into consideration our Federal relations, the aggressions which have been committed upon the rights of tiie Southern States, the dangers which threaten our domestic institutions, and all kindred subjects ; and jointly with other States, or separately, to adopt such measures as may best comport with the dignity and safety of the State, and effectually correct the evils complained of. A Convention thus assembled. and representing the sovereignty of the State would of course possess plenary powers, uneontrolhd by any in structions or restrictions which the Legislature might mternnse it might tliereiore ne smiieieni lor mo, to recommenu , r , or . . r . j the pasture of proper laws to brmginto exbtejic such Convention, leaving me moae ana mcwre oiream entirely to . then-S TXoYirlka. all pubhrautlwriti.snd all Rood citizen,, would yield cheerful and prompt obedience I claim not for my opinions any weight or influence to which they aro not intrinsically entitled, or which does ..v.. .untu.uiuKui any oiiier citizen ; Dur me position "'.m'-J. ha.vo. P,lated by my fellow-citizens, "ui-iu ujijirai io jusuiy, u noi require, mat in sucti a crisis, I should step forward, and add mv advice to the common stock of public lie opinion. I shall, therefore, present it free I v tranKlv. and without reserve. Having grown up with the State from its infancy; the father of a family, a appcrty-holder. often honored yviih high Glfice. I am bound to'the State of Mississippi, by every tie which can unite man to the spot ol earth which he calls his home. I desire her prosperity, her security, and repose. Her interests are mine. Her fate must be mine. From these considerations, I claim not exemp tion from error, but sincerity of purpose m the expression ol the solemn conviction of mind, that, for the reasons which have been hastily glanced at in this message, the union of these States has been so grossly perverted from its original purposes, as to render its further continu ance incompatible with the honor, the prosperity, and the safity of the slaveholding States, unless some Cor rection of past aggressions, and some additional and more effectual guarantees for our future protection, be obtained from our associates in the confederacy. When I reflect upon the pertinacity with which the assaults upon our rights have been for years prosecuted, the evident increase of anti-slavery sentiments at the North, and the excitement there pervading nearly all classes against the law to provide for the extradition of fugitive slaves, I have little hope left that the-e guaran ties, indispensilily necessary to our safety, will be yielded by a majority, flushed with recent victories, and encou raged by apparent divisions among ourselves. Yet. to fife no eflurt at conciliation untried, and still further to unite with us those of our oivn people, who stilt took for a returning sense of justice in the North, let the propositions be distinctly made to the people of the non slaveholding States, to remedy the wrong so far a$ it maybe in the power of C-niftress todo so, by obtaining from California CONCUSSIONS South of 3fid. 30m. or otherwise ; and to consent to such amend ments ot the l'cdcral Constitution. tjisA;z here after amolu secure the riirhts of the flaveholJina- State from misconstruction, and from further aggression. But. in the event of refund, I do not hesitate to ex press my decided opinion, that the only etiectual remedy to evils which must continue to grow from year to year, is to be ibuiul in the prompt and I KAC Ii AH1.K SI'.CICSSION of the aggrieved States. The probability of the ultimate necessity of a resort to this elective and uu question able right of sovereign States, should be kept in view, whatever measures may be adopted by this State, either alone or in concert wiitn tier sister states, to remedy existing evils. In the mean time, and as earlv as practicable, it is of the hurhest im- portance that some common centre of opinion arid action should be atithontivelv established. 'Phis mav be effect ed by the Conventions of the several assenting States providing for the organization, and subsequent frequent ieriodieal appointment or election of a committee ol safety tor each State, to consist of a number equal to their Senators and Representatives jn Congress. These committees, whose duty it should be. periodically to as semble at some central point for the transaction of busi ness, should he vested with adequate powers, AHSO I.UTE or CONTINf;i:.NTto act for thei' respec tive States, upon all questions connected with the preservation and protection of the domestic institu tions, and iheir equal rights as sovereign States. Such a body of men, even if clothed vith the authority of hut two or three States, 'WOITI,Il COMMAND ItKSIM.CT. AND SRCUlti: adl'.T AND PHACKIILIi ItfiSIJIrS TO tiikik di:ti:kmination.. I have thus ventured to present some suggestions, for which I am alone responsible. Thev may be modified or changed by the result of the Nashville Convention now in session, and the action of the Georgia Conven tion, which will shortly meet for tiie purpose of taking the same important questions into consideration. Cmlcr our system of government, happily the right and privilege of determining these grave and momen tous questions, involving the honor and safety of the State, and the happiness and prosperity of all its citi zens, whether rich or poor, slaveholder or non-slaveholder, belong alone to the iconic. To them the ap peal must be made, and their deliberate voice must con trol and direct the destiny of the State. I therefore re spectfully recommend to the Legislature, to provide tor an expression of the will of the people, by the call uf a Convention at an early day. In this, there will Le satiety. When the sovereign power shall have spoken, all good citizens, whatever may be their opinions, will acquiesce. All will vie with one another in patriotic zeal to main tain the dignity and authority of the State. Mississippi will then be united, and harmonious counsels, and wise enerpetic action, will secure her safety. The very important and vital character of the ques tions, w hich are loreed upon our consideration, has led me to look solely to remedies, not merely palliative, but ellectual and permanent. There may be some tempo rary ramedial measures, within the power ot the Legis lature. If such can be devised, it will give me great pleasure to co-operate with you in their application. Although called together for f--peeial purposes, the Legislature, when assembled, possesses its constitutional powers to legislate upon all nubjecls. I shall therefore take occasion in further special communications, to in vite your attention to the propriety of some impiovo- merits in our present militia and patrol systems, and to the correction of some delects which experience has pointed out in ihe school and levee laws oi last session. tion, towards the Northern majority, as the colonies As this meeting of the Legislature occurs in the middle j of North America, on the 4th of J uly, 1776, deter of the fiscal year, I have not thought it necessary or ad- ! mined not 10 hold towards the Kingdom of Great visable to call for reports: from the accounting officers of ; Britain. The destruction of that equilibrium. the Government, or to lav beloee you in detail the con- ditionol the finances of the State , especial v as no ma- tenal changes, except those produced by the ordinary- receipts an J disbarments have occurred The materi- alsare, however, at hand, and the reports can be promptly furnished if required. It i;ives me great satisfaction to announce, that with several trifling exceptions, the whole revenue of the past year, has been paid into the Treasury, and to bear testi mony to the ability and fidelity with which the principal State offices connected with the Executive Department have been conducted. The State Arsenal and the improvement" on the Peni tentiary buildings, directed at the last session of your honorable bodies, have lieen substantially and economi cally completed, and the repairs on the State Capitol and the building for a Lunatic Asylum, are in progress. At the last session of the legislature, the sum of twenty thousand dollars was placed subject to mveon- trol, under certain contingencies connected with our Federal relations. This sum remains in the Treasury untouched, subject, however, to a small bill for printing expenses, not yet liquidated. In conclusion, gentlemen, our gratitude is line to Di vine Providence for many blessings we have been per mitted to enjov, and for the privilege of this re-union. It is only saddened by the melancholy reflection that death has summonod from your counsels two distin guished Senators, whose wisdom and virtues aided vour deliberations, and adorned the Senate Chamber. I al ludetothe lateDabney Lipscomb, President of the Sen- ate, and Renjanun Kennedy, the able and useful Sena tor from Uarroll. J. A. yUH MA.N. ExEcrxrrE Chamber, Jackson, Nov. 18, ISM) CORRESPONDENCE. The undersigned citizens of Mississippi, ad dressed to each of their Senators and Represen tatives a respectful letter, alluding to the agita tion and excitement prevailing, and also to the fact that disuniou sentiments had been avowed by many about the capitol, and propounded to them the following interrogations, and requested an immediate reply. The copy of the letter ad dressed to them has been misplaced, but the following is a copy of the interrogations pro pounded : S 1st. Are you in favor of dissolution of the Union now or hereafter, because of the legisla tion at the late session of Congress 1 2d. Are you in favoT of the establishment of a Southern Confederacy, now or hereafter, be cause of the legislation of the late session of Congress 1 3d. Are you in favor of a secession of the State of Mississippi from the Union now or hereafter, because of the legislation of the late session of Congress? 4th. Are you in favor of resistance, of any and what kind, to the recent acts of Congress? If so, please state the character, the manner and time of such resistance. Signed, B. D. NABORS. CIIAS. B. AMES, C. F. HEMINGWAY, V. D. L YLE-S, C. R. CRUSOE. GEO. H. FOOTE, W.. BROOKE, JAS. E. SHARKEY, A. M. WEST. Jackson, Nov. 19, 1850. Gentlemen: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt oi your letter ol yesterday, which came to hand last night, under circumstances which you must have known precluded anything more than a brief reply. The questions you propound, except the last, seem io have been copied from a letter ad dressed to a Senator of Louisiana, by citizens of that Siate, which I trust, explait s ihe liamre of the enquiries. No one, who has taken so much inter est in my opinious, as gravely to ask for them, could have failed to find, in my public course suf ficient reason for the modification of those questions, so as to conform to my wen Known position;, had 'A e been preparing questions lor my particular lease. f any bave falsely and against the evidences before tnem attempted lo fix oo me the chargeof wishing todissolvethe Union, under existing circumstances, I am sure your information and intelligence ha. cabled you to delect the shallow fraud If any have represented mea seeking toes abhsh a Soutb- em Confederacy, on the ruins cf that which our ,' revolutionary fathers bequeathed to us, my whole ; life and every sentiment I have ever uttered, in public or private, give them the lie.- r If anv have opposed eratuiu.rTsly, any have supposed sratuiioffsly, (ihey could not otherwise,) tha'-my etforl" in the Senate were directed to the secession of Mississippi from the j Union, their hearts must have been insensible t i the obligation of houor and good faiifi, which i ; feel are imposed upon me, by the position of an ac credited agent from Mississippi, to the Federal Governmen'. Tour fourth question therefore is the only one which 1 feel you could have addressed to me, as your Representative, lor any other kind purpose, than io give me an opportunity thus sum marily io aispos ol baseless slanders against me f ol a Represeiuative is lor ihe 1 he responsibility of a Rep course he has pursued; the issue between him and his constituents must be, that of approval or disap proval; Ihe inquiry it involves is, did he trulv re present those lor whom he acted? was be right or wrong1? To know what he would do in the luiure, ihe case must be distinctly stated; otherwise he might answer to one supposition, hen the inquiry was directed to another. It would require the giil ol prophecy to tell, whit remote consequences may flow from the acts of the laie session of Congress, and wi'hout such gift, no one could assume to say what he might hereafter believe shon'd be done. When a people lose the power to maintain their i righis and protect their intctests, under the cxisiing form of government, ordinary prudence requires that they should seek such change, as will secure ihem against the destruction of boih. The charac ter of the aggiession, ihe degree and imminence of ihe danger, wnl prescribe the means and indieaie j the necessity. T0 the debates of the Senate and , such of my public addresses as you may have h-ard, since my itiurn lo Mississippi, 1 refer you for the ! cause and reasons of my opposition lo ihe measuies j adopted at the last se-sion of CongressVou ask ' me if I am in lavor of anv and what kind of re- ! sisiance lo those acts. As your reDrtsentaiive. I 1 declined to enter on that branch of the question in ihe Uniied Slates Senate; in that capacity I look the position, that il was not for me to make an issue j for ihe Staie-Vour question is not, I think, one j which diiecls itself to my official position, but as 1 intend lo answer, it is unnecessary to aigue that j point, end 1 mention it as leading to the statement, that il is as a citizen, not as a Senator, of Missis sippi, that I give you my opinion ot our du:y, in i u)e- Preent crisis 1 ai" in l,lv,uf ol" ,,ie execution of the plan indi- ' rdir ii ill- -tin! . iiirHn inn oi I I.' iimr in-.1. no address of thai Convention to the slaveholding j States, and by the Legislature of the Slate at its last I session, which I considtr may be staled thus; to j submit the question to the people, in a law, for the , - .-.... u , L 1,1 11711 V 1 Ot 1,11V, 1 0 .,I.,VII j of and decide on our present condition and future : I prospects, snd the measures which should be adopt- j ' cd. To prepare for the defence of the Stale, armed i ! if need be To propose a Con vention ol the slave- j , holding States, 10 be composed of formally elected j I delegates, which should unite all those Slates who ! i weie willing to assert their equalily, and light to j I equal protection in, and equal enjoyment ol' ihe common propeiiy. The States thus uniied should, I i in my opinion, demand of the otfTer Slates, such j j guaranties as would secure to them the safety, the j ' benefits, the tranquillity which the Union was de- l : signed lo confer. If granted, the minority could j , live in equality under ihe temple of our federal j ' compact; if refused, il would be conclusive evidence of the de -ign of ihe majority, to crush all pap., r ; ; barriers beneath tl.c heel of power: the gulf of de- ; gradation would yawn before us. J he equalry to ! which we were born being denied, and the alterna j live of slavish submis-ion or manly resistance be ing presemed to U', I shall be in favor of the latter. Then, il lull provision has been made, in the pre , paraiion of arms, of munitions of war, of manu facturing establishments, and all the vaiietiesot agriculture to which our climate and soil are ad apted, the slaveholding Slate, or even the planting , Slates, may apply the lal remedy, the final alier . native of separation, without bloodshed or severe i shock lo commercial interests. Painful under any circumstances it must be tothose, who have through ; life cherished ihe hope of perpetuity to our Union, j to see it destroyed; but faithful history will record I our many sacrifices to preserve il, and the respon ; sibility of its destruction must attach to those who, : bv assailmeni of the constitution, which they had , the power to violate and not the will to obsetve, j have stifled in the Union the breath of its existence. A most unfair attempt has been made to pu' in ihe foreground the question of Union or Disunion, by i those who were violating or surrendering our con i stitutional riahts. To yield to aggression is to pro ! duce, certainly in the future, that condition from which dissol juon musf. and civil war probably will 1 spring; unless it be assumed, that I he Southern mi ' nority will hereafter consent to occupy such posi vhich Would have prrven:ed the overthrow of the cor,Mjtu,ion by the construction of an interested ';,-, . , . . I majority, mav be chained to the senero.is concc?- sions ol the South in cedin-the North- West tern- j ' m permitliiiR (he Missouri Compromise, and ' hv other less noted acts which accumulated power i io the North, by transfer from the South. Con : ces-ion and sacrifice have not secured to us the sood ' ; feeling of the North; submission to wrong will not 1 more probably command their respect. To pre 1 serve the Union, the principles, the spirit of the j ! constitution mnsi be preserved. I do not think the ' North has given us reason to expect this service j from that quarter; how shall the Souih effect it? I I This, 10 my mind, is the quesiion lo which we J ; should direct our investigation. i Whatever can effect that end will give perpetuiiy I j lo the Union; if it cannot be reached, then the j government changes its character; there might re- ' : main an Union but not the Union. ! j For myself, I have no hesitation to inform you, ! i thai I prefer to go out of the U nion, with the con- j ; stiiuiion, raihei than abandon ihe constitution, to iL i remain in an Union. X I believe, Gentlemen, I have answered your in- ! quiry, as far as it was possible for me to do so, ! : without furiher imformaiion than your letter af- ' 1 lords; ;md have the pleasure to subscribe myself very respeciluily. your fellow-citizen, &c. JEFF'N. DAVIS. Messrs. B. D. Nabors. Charles li. Ames, O. F. i Hemming wnv, W. L). Lyl(, C. II. Crusoe, Geo. H. F rote, W. Brooke, James E. Sharkey, A. M. West. Jackson, Miss., Nov. 19 h, ISoO. Gents: Your note of yesterday's dale, has been received, and I avail myself of this early oppor tunity of replying. I note that you write to tne as my consliluen's, although but one of your number reside in the Congressional District which 1 have the honor to represent. viotcMins against yuiir right to catechise me as constituents, yet, as citi zens of Mississippi, propounding your impjiries "in a spirit of kindness," I admit your right lo re quest an expression of my views, and I, therefore, reply bv sending herewith a copy of my speech delivered at "El wood Springs" on ihe 2d of No vember, and published in "ihe Mississjppian" of of ihe 15th inst. If this speech had met your eye : tu-tore tne writinsr ot our letter, it would hive spared you the trouble of addressin? me, and as ; yon are seeking "a fair expression of my views," I i hope you will do me the honor (o read the speech, i and if it is deemed at all important or nectssary, i to publish the enquiries contained in your letter, I trust you will publish this note and the speech as ; my reply. j Very respectfully, i Your obedient servant, ! A. G. BROW I Messrs. B. D. Nabors, C. B. Ames, and other Jackson, Miss , Nov. IS h, 185 ' Gf.nts : You are more than authorised, in Judgment, lo propound to me the questions pm died in your letter this moment received, an. shall respond lo them all at once and frankly, o i your three fi r t interrogatories, 1 answer, em.pka.H : c.alli, no. To your last one, I beg leave lo respond i by declaring that so lar Irom beinj; inclined io re- commend resistance to iheacts ol Congress, which, I together, constitute what is known as the Plan of Adjustment, I am decidedly in favot of cndially ncquie-cing in ali of them, and paving due respect to the same, as part of the Supreme Law of the land. I have the honor to he, most cordially and'fes pectlully, your Iriend and fellow-"iiizen. H. S. FOOTE Messrs. B. D. Nabors, C. B. Ames, and others. MARRIEP, . . . - w . 1 II' I'll ,fc...-'-.4.- - s,t lulU Cl.1 V- At Spring Ridge. Hinds comity M...,on Tuesday, ; mancPrl., or , Hottle Magicians, being the Origi 9th inst., by the Rer. J. B. V dker, John William, nali jn thir Novel Performances!-!! mh.rs who 19th son of the late General M. D. Patton, to Miss Laika Virginia, daughter of Col. David Gordon. DIED Near Clinton, on Monday morning, lth instant, after a protracted sickness, 'Mrs. f asait W. Chafmxi, wife of J. C. Chappell, Esq., leaving an affectionate husband and four children to mourn her loss. HAMPAIGS E. 6 baskets, (Heidsic and j Lilley bra nds.y just received by Nov. 2?, isso. a. VIRDEN fc Co MASS MEETING. Pursuant to previour notice, the citizens of Amite County irrespective of p3rty, met at the Courthouse in the Town of Liberty, in the Coun ty of Amite, on the 11th day of November, 1850, to express their sentiments upon the sub jects which now agitate the country, and to in struct their representatives as to the course thev should pursue in the Legislature at the j called Session, which is to con vene on the 18th inst. JUr. T. M. Kooebs, was appoiniea i res ident, and Richard Dates and D. H. Hazle- I II. M. Nelson. Secret Afterhe rpeetino; was organised, a 1 . - v . j i.r. j comiiiuiee oi seven was appouneu m ma.. report a preamble and resolutions, expressive ol the sense of the meetinjj whereupon, the tol lowinrr gentlemen were appointed, namely Win. T. Robinsox, Col. Y. Love, Charlks J. Wall, Thos. L. Moore, Wm. L. II iff, Rev. Jas. Smvlie. and Coi.. Jas. M. Galli-nt. Af ter the Committee had retired. Gen. r C. Tal bert was called to the stand, and addressed the audience in an able and appropriate speech for the space of about one hour; after which, Judge Wall, was called to the stand, and in an address of some three-fourlhs of an hour, gave a fulland candid expression, of his views which were in accordance in the main, with those ofGen.Tiilbcrt's both being opposed lo the call of the Legislature to disunion and to the re assembling of the Nashville Convention. The following preamble and resolutions were then presented by the Committee. The resolutions I were taken up in their order a vote taken upon j them separate!-, and they were passed almost ; without a dissenting voice one or two individ uals only voting against ihein. It'itrens, It is incumbent upon the people of: this Confederacy, as to the source of all power, to express their opinions upon all questions, as well with a view to direct the actions of faith- ful public servants, as to overrule the designs 1 of selfish politicians. We therefore, as a por tion ol Mississippi, without distinction of par ty, here in a Mass Meeting, assembled, declare the following resolutions contain our sentiments upon the measures of adjustment enacted by the last Congress. 1st. Iiesoivcd, That in the admission of Cal ifornia into the Union as a free ami independent State, we recognize no violation of the Consti tution of United States on the part of the Fed eral Government although there may have been some irregularities on the part of Califor nia, in the formation of her Constitution, we see nothing which requires a resort to extreme measures, or in which the South cannot honora bly acquiesce. 2nd. Jiesulvcd, That Congress, in the estab lishment of Territorial Governments, for Utah, and New Mexico, has voted down the Wilmot Proviso, and expressly reeoirnised the principles of non intervention, demanded by Ihe South. 3rd. Jiesolved, That the measures enacted by f'r,n,rrK for ib adiostment of lb boi.ndarv j j 1 between Texas and New Mexico, in which Ten I Millions of Dollars are offered to the former for a quit claim Deed, for a part of her Territory, is a legal and buna-fide transaction between the Federal Government and the State of Texas. 4th. Resolved, That the Law for the recove ry of fugitive Slaves, contains all that tiie South could reasonably require, while the generous and liberal support of the North, in its enact ments, inspires the hope that its requirements will be strictly enforced. 5th. Resolved, That the overwhelming ma jority with which the Bill for the abolition of Slavery in the District of Columbia was voted down gives cheering evidence of a disposition on the part of our Brethren of the North, to re spect and m lintain our constitutional rights. 6th. Resolved, That we will stand by the Union and the Constitution as they are, as long as our rights are respected ; and that we will only favor a dissolution, as the last alternative for our preservation. 7th. Resolveed, That our Represent ilives be, and they be hereby, requested to oppose tint call of a State Convention for any - purpose whatever. That they are, also requested to op pose the raising of Revenue, or placing any al ready raised, at the disposal of the Govenor for extraordinary purposes; and to protest against any measures whatever, having for its object a dissolution of the Union. 8th. Resolved, That we do not approve of the call of an extra session of the Legislature by the Executive of the State. The following Resolutions were then offered by individuals, and passed upon by ihe Meeting Jiesolved, That we highly approve ol tne pa triotic course of th Hon. Henry S. Footb, in the Senate of the United States, in his support of the measures of adjustment which passed Congress at its last Session ; and that in his support of those measures, he has given evi dence of his devotion to the Country and the Union. 2nd. Resolved, That the "Liberty Advocate," WELCH, DELEVAN & NATHAN'S NATIONAL CIRCUS WILLIAM HUBBELL, MANAGER. The Largest Company in the World, CO - 2 2 ...miora of this well known popular Com JL pmy hate spared no pain' or expen in pro curing all the firat talent in both Europe and America, who will appear in their wonderful arenic Act. Gymnastic Feata, Bottln Tricks, Globe and Barret Exerc.aes, Vaulting, both single and double Leaping, Equilibriums, Tumbling, Pyramidica Devices. Pn- tunng, "Comic Singing, Iancing, Comic Burl-ttas, Interludes. Farces, Promenades,tava!cades, Mas querades, &c. The Grand ARMAMAXA, or Imperial Chariot, drawn by THIRTY' Eltoast Hokses and driven by the Champion Reinsman or Lion Wnip. MARK ; JOHNSON, will make its appearance in town at half ' pat 10 o'clock, A. M., containing the .'rw York j KwiCKtRBOCKm Brass Band, led by Mr. D. S. j NEEVE, who will perform all the most fashionable i and modern airs of the dar. The three EcorrA! !TARS, termed " N'ecro- may attempt these feat are complete humbcgs, as these three persons are the cewuihe Maoiciais, and were engaged by this Establishment in Europe, ex pressly for this Company. The names of the above Artiats are CHARLES C. LEE, ELGENE LEE, and THEODORE LEE. Also attached to the Troupe will be found J. 3. fr! ! Id" The Company will perform at Edwards' Depot, Wednesday, the 4th; Brownsville on Thursday, the 5th; Raymond on Friday, the 6th ; and Clinton on Saturday, the 7th. land all other newspapere in this State, friendly I to the perpetuation of the I'nionf be, and they are hereby requested, to publish the proceed ings of this meeting. 3rd. Resolved, That this meeting adjourn,, until the Third Monday in December next. T. M. ROGERS, President '. Richard Bates, D. II. Hazlbwood, Vice JJrf$"ti, S. M. Nelson, ikcrctary. Decisions vf Hie High Court of Krrors an Appeal, at the .November Term, leAO. Wm. Robert-ion, trusfe, vs. S. and N". reimn ; re versed and remanded. D.ivid I.. Carter v. Ophelia Carter; reveT'td. A. Kdward & Co., et al., . Tbui.ms Gray k Co.; reversed. R. S. Drone, admiiustratoi, vn. J. A. Fsirchild, et al.; reversed. Geo. T. Svvaiin, auditor. v. Robert .toselyn, Stat commissioner ; reversed. t'harlc C. Rucker v. The State; 'firmed. Win. M. Winn vs. Gre Skinwith; ' Wilson V. Dillon vi. Win. liennctt. et al.; nfirmed. VJit.t White, adm'x. vs. Joseph Trotter, and Sil.n Trotter, rl al.: reversed. Suetti and Deheu, a.lmr's, v. John It. I' ns ; reversed. CORPORATION I'ROCKLDINGS. M v v s OrricK, City Hall, .Nov ti, I sod. ) That ti c miners of Lots .No. 3 and 4, in i. '2, emtli, of lot No. 1 . in square No. 3, s No. '.i iiiui 1, hi Iowiu-muI pouare No. lr Ordered. s.jii.ne N nth. of lo in south, ol lots .No. 1, 3 .nni I, in ii.ictional square No. 2, smith, all lii'iit.114 011 Stale sti,-et, he required to i;ne t'ie sine', or roji ur the pri-n.-iit jMveuient, in a good an. I s'iSst.i r I ia I m. inner, w.t'iin the time pre served by law, or on I'.i.Ime of ihe owners to com ply, the street committee are hereltv instructed to ha e the work dune, a ml col! eel the mount from the owners ol' the property enumerated , with 1(1 per ct. damaged, aa allowed by l.iw. Approved. . II. 1IOVD, Mayor, rk I -It C. II. MANsmr. City Clerk'. NO TICK. L'l TT I S of Admin intrntinn hriviriif been pr.int- ed to the Miidertnignrd, on Mond:iv, the llthdnv 01 .Noypnilii'r, hv the ff otior.-ibh." thr Frobate Court of ilimlH countv, Mississippi, upon the Pat;ip of Thornae O'Hiire, totineriy of Clinton, Hinds county, Mis., now ileceased, notice is hereby given lo nil personm i.ulehled to sH'd esnite, to make immediate payment to the nmleramneil ; ami to all those w ho have cJaiuv against Haul estate, to present them, iltilv probated, &.C., wn!i:n the time prpsenliej bv law, or thev will be birred. JOHN LAWRRNCK, Adiirr, Chntun, Nov. 22, lbOO. j Cw. trust i;ls' SALK. rtne of the power vest' d ill the umicrmned. arid by a tieril ol trio-t, executed lo us by Lust iv. ,a A. N are, the ":1th day nt -M iv, l lh. to se cure the payment of certain notes and sums of money I therein specified, w loch is ot record 111 Ihe C:erk's ot- fice of tile Probate Court of Mi ml s con .it v, ami S t jie of M,ns,s-iippi, m Hecnd 1 nut, No. IS, pace 'J nn.l 10 we will expose 10 win, by public vendue, to the h-ghest bidder for c.n'i, at the : no 1. M.lcnce of said G- A- W.fi;, in the c.ty ol J.ck-on, county and State aforesaid, on Mondiu the :Mr d iy of May, ISol, be tween Ihe hours 12 A. M. and 4 e. !., all the follow ing real and personal estate, or w much thereof, n shall be bnlticient lo py said notes and sumw of mo ney, iniwrefct anl t n.it., of a ie, lu-wit : I.ol uuiiiher four in ariiare number lour north, as designated by the plol ol the City 11! Jackson j part of lot minder one in square number one south, also in said city, countv and State atorcsnd, conn. . curing about one hundred and six foot from the corner of State and Capitol streets, and fronting sixteen 'eel on Cspilol street, and running back eighty feet; also, ? beds, bedsteads and furniture ; 1 pair of dining I ibles ; 1 centre table ; 1 soi'a ; 1 side-board j 1 wanl-ruWr ; 2 dozen chairs; mantle glass; 1 set 01" l.ible and Ira china; 1 cooking stove anil apparatus; 1 buggy and buggv horsp, and virioun other articles of honsohold and kitchen furniture. WILLIAM A. WAftK. RICHARD N. El HANK, Nov. to, lSr0- !f)-Cm. Trunin-. SUNDRIES. l,OX,:S W. K. Cheese ; . 20 boxes tJoshen do 2.r kea Dairy Butter: 100 birrcls " Harrison Flour," 3D boxes M. K. Raisins; 100 sacks Coarse and K.ne Salt ; ft caks Bacon Sidm: just rn-pived, and For aale, low, by A. VTRDK.N & Co. Jackson, November 22, ISSO. I XSOLV EST NOTI C E. rpilF. estate of Itobert Clark, dee'd, having been declared insolvent, at the October term, ISiO, ot the Honorable Ihe Probate Court of If irul.s county, notice ia hereby given to all persons having claims against said rotate, to present them to the undersign ed, commissioner of insolvency on said e ate, at hia office in Raymond, on or before the 1st day of May, IfOI, or they will be barred. WILLIAM If. HAMPTON. Clerk Trotinte Court , and Com'r of Insolvency. Raymond, November f, ISfill. ' 4 l-bin. O 1.7 X IK 1 1-'. Malaga Crapes, Kigs, Cocoa Nuts, Pickles, Salmon, Iitisters, &:. &c, just rec'.l. Nov. 2'J, ISoO. A. V 1 HDKN & Co. J THI'.SIl Hit KU 111 '.AT Just re( eive I at ' Nev. 22, fit). A. VfllDKN ft IVi. CO m so NATHAN, the celebrated I, 2, .1, 1 and 6 Horse Equestrian; Mr. WM. W'ORREL, the great Ameri can Jester and World Renowned Comico Tragieo Clown, who is universally acknowledged to be the greatest favorite now travelling in Ihe Union, wifl appear in his inimitable performances, Burlesques, kc. Mr. NEIL JAMEISON, Ihe great Hanjoi.t, and Delineator of Negro Characters. J. LOVETT, Ihe Clown of all Clowns, lua equal necr yet found or known the world over. KOBER I WHITE,, Ihe gentlemanly Riding Master, E. M. DICKINSON, tha very funny Coirnc Singer. Mms EMAIA NATHAN, ihe beautiful female Infant Prodigy wiH appear in one of her cplendtd ads, blended with elejpj.ive and prnce, in which she stands unrivalled. Master WM, PASTOR, ihe personator of the Wild Indian of the desert, and other verv interesting fcenes. WASH INGTON CHAMBERS, the Amencia Kcemc Per. former, on a single horse. J. HA WK1NS, celebrat ed for Ins Roman Acts on two horses, lofly Komer teu, &c. B. MALLORV, the Comic Posturer and Dancer. ANTOMO PAS I OR, " ground and lofty Tumbler. FRANK PASTOR, the Pet of the Circle, and unsurpassed i his brilliant principal act on a single horse, and Myled the greatest wonder of the age. Also, Master PHILO NATHAN, Infant Prodigy, alegant in his inoit eitraordma-y Exercises, tc. for further particulars see Biiii it Hotels, fee.