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SAUK HA PI LIS f RONTIERM AN.
!T' v-M»" sitw r"JsH**w!fc*»# M* .5. i THE PRONTIfiIIMA^, «X S*V«MB KKD * evil *TT 80RSDA.T'. liOßirilt O BY JEREMIAII RUSSELL, Sack Rapids, Bbwt©wCo.,Miwn*sota ADVERTISING RATES : One column for, one year ..... * m -sso 00 One cofanto for Vi* ...... 40 00 One column for three months 20 00 Half a cetuufnforone year,...... P.W Half a column for six months., 2000 Haifa column Tor three months... 2© 00 UmiimWadoliiinn Itroiftyear 18 00 3vii»iu Cabo*—Nit ®x«t fisehnes t one year, 4 - OrerOUnes and under 12, 4 i 1 Over 10 and under lti lines, d© ■ 10 00 One square, 12 line* or lees, 1 ins. v 1 00 . nnd lor inch additional intortien, .(•0. Advertisers will be entitled to a change of their «drfli:tisements,twiqe a year. PaymanU to,he made half yearly. Yearly advertisers out of the Territory inust make their payments half-yearly in advance, and when advertising tor shorter periods, the money must in all cases accompany the advertise neot. Ne abatement from our published rates. Special noticso charged twice. TERMS: One copy, one year.. $2,00 Tbn aoptea “ out of the Territory, 15,00 Twenty eopies out of the Territory.. 20,00 Strictly in advance. Persona forwarding Clubs,should retain certtd eaten from Posunnsters. JEREMIAH RUSSELL Sauk Rapids, Minnesota, April 28, 1854 SgfUX RAPID SAD VER TfSEMENTS. ggcwtral aanU Bgencfcs: W. H. WOOD, Late Receiver United Sta* ea Land Office, Attorney at Law & General Land Agent, . SAUK RAPIDS, MIN., WJ|r ILL attend promptly to the drawing up IT of Pre Emption Proof* for claimants, and the Prosecution or Claims before the Land Office. Having had an experience of mere than four years as Receiver of the U. S. Land; Office at Sauk Rapids, he believes he can give en line s itisfactiou to there "ho may confide their busi ness to his charge. Will also attend to the payment of taxes and the purchase and sale of Real Estate Sauk Rapids, June 25th, 1857 94tf “ GEO. W. SWEET, (Late Register U. S. Land Office,) GENERAL LAND AGENT AND REAL ESTATE BROKER, SAUK RAPIDS, MIN. TER. HAVING had an experience of four years as , Register of the U. S. Land Office, and fmr years more as Surveyor in Minnesota, trusts that | he can give perfect satisfaction to those entrusting l nsiness to his charge. Will attend to the sale and i>eaiJbn of Land Warrants, the loaning of money, yayment of taxes, and the purchase and sale of Real Estate. Persons wishing to make investments or loan money, will be guaranteed 25 per cent pdr ah- , :>um. Pre-emption papers drawn up for claim ants, and Haims prosecuted before the Land Office. Sauk Rapids, June 5,1857 WILLIAM CONNELL General Land Agent, Saixk ItapidLm, M. T., WILL attend to the payment of Taxes, sale of Land &c. -•- _ ' I PRE.EMPTORS will find it to their advantage in .calling upon him before going elsewhere, as he is | prepared to prosecute contested Claim Saits, make j out Pre-emption papers; at the shortest possible no tiee/and at rates which will suit the pre-emptor.' ■ * FFICE next door to E O tfhmtin’s Banking Unuse—-BnsineM hours from-8 to 12 AM and 1 to 4 P II , REFERENCES j W A Gorman, Ex-Governor of Minnesota , i i Hon Henry M Ripe, Delegate to Congress ,< Gen Jonathan E Fletcher, Winnebago Agent, Blue Farth, M T Nathan M vriek, Traverse de Sioux M T Bertiai4tfrey,’Postmaster, Gateiia, Ilfinola Wm Weaken Esq, Galena, Illinois s"ifc5 "ifc H Parsons, Att’y (g Counsellor at Law, innenpolis, M T Henry B Wpit, St Clond “ I Gen B L .wry, *• “ Gen S B Olmsted “ . Jeremiah RUs sell, Sauk Rapids **• David V HBrrimaitl,‘Chippewa Agent ' Sank Rapids, July 15 1857 96tf UCTES 3IESSISSIPPI EXPRESS. S. A. STtJRTTVANT, Proprietor ,w- CSM-BBCTIXU WITH J. C. BURBANK * C&S. EXPRESS* whom bt. - :• rfIHE Ptoptum this Eipres*, takes this I_ method of bfcnwiSg the iahabitknts of the Upper. Minsispippiy that hhr linOls now fully estab- and that his route isby way of St. Cloud, Clearwater, Monticelln, Oro no, and Man' min, via. St. Anthony ; and Si. PauL and att intermedi ate paint* on the whole rook. ,w;t Passengers taken on Teatinnable terms ; packages of all descriptions safely taken to their destimuion without delay r Prompt attention paid to till ijfdef s;. «. > llntoiom made. «mV matters of business entrusted tohia, cmw wilt be carefully attended td. *-• > ' l “ f Suukßnpids.Sept. 17,1857. ,■ tilVStf 1 j ~ TOWN' OJ?. CLEAR i r*iQ#tlETQft or CUB A R WATER, JL mould in torm the poblic that he is reedy f to giu c»«M.MUf«tp If* w that eaw bo» flewieh ing Jk tortker. say to all seeking a • place for a residence er to establish. thesMehrta in any mepbanicHmarcnaiile business, to caltmud | see their foyrn ffttM Ore. not aatwted with other i ms&EjmSßl■ Mr l yjg AN» BatWT! JUSTICE Ott P&iITIVXLr-JQPFERS&N. . . •si-.::in y* liisn tmoiltit'iwtgo# hTottii rll'iifmJatf-h''l . ifofavs ves rti I»D4 ,-aft*v»4« |c: A. GILM A N, r DSAXiSIB. XT* L %%% % c i AND GENERAL : J LAND AGENT, SAUK RAPIDS, M. T, WR7TLL attend to buying and selling ‘Lands, Jf Towt Lota, aelliqg or renting Houses, PAYING TAXES, ■. J ‘lis. ;m *'■/< ■- '■ i r Iti"! 5 5 v 1 Collecting Debts, and nggotigtlilg s LOANS ' on Commission; drawing up and taking Abknowl; > : ; edgmeuts of Deeds; drawing up : Pre-Emption Proofs; contenting Claims at the' UNITED STAETS LUO OFFICE, and all other business which may beerttrusted to his care. Also, for sate to Actual Settlers, 90,000 ACRES of the beat Farming and Timbered Lands, situated along the line of the Rail Road, from St. Paul to Crow Wing, besides it tttrge amount of She TIMBERED USD, ON ELK "RIVER. 4,000 arres, near Sauk Rapid*r-price from s4ns£2o. 2.000 acres near the St. Clouds—price $3 to $lO. 132 acres two mile* from Little Falls—pricess. 1,000 acres around Little Rock Lake—price j? 8. 600 aares on the Mississippi River, just above the mouth of Little Rock Creek, aad one mile above Watab—price $7,50. . . The lasi two tracts mentioned, could be divided so as to make six Or eight splendid Farms, each having prairie, woo'd, water, and meadow. 6 Improved Farms, near Sauk Rapids, at vai ious prices. 50 Lots in Bussell, Wood, & Gilman’s Addition To Sauk, rtapidm. two dwelling MKMVwLim- OF F I CE ni Sank Rapidsnof sale cheap., Information given gratis to new epmers who wish to make‘claims.’ Nearly all the above described Lands were care fully selected at an early dUy, near the most important poiats an the tipper Mississippi, and most become vei*y valuable. Some of it will be sold on time—title good. For further particulars enquire at. the .Office of CHA’S A. GILMAN. Sauk Rapids. July 16,1857. 96if FRANKLIN FIRE AND MARINE; mcaASss jwxtAsnr, ’ V i ! ■ . ... :■ ~ " ■■■: 1 'i ■' - i POXD DUZsAOr WIS. , CAPITAL 8500,000. ! THIS Company inn Joint Stock Association, , organi7«d under a Special Charter granted by the Legislature of Wisconsin, with ail"anttitri* I ized Capital of $500,000. 1 DUE HUNDRED TtiOUSAJSTD \ DOLLARS 1 of which is Cash paid in and securely invested on Ronds and Mortgages. The Company being thus ( securely organized upon a fi’tn basis, the Direct- ’ ors take pleasure in recommending it to public i favor as worthy of confidence and support, with ' the assurance that | AU Losses shall bt Promptly and Honora - i bly Adjusted. * An this-is purely a Stock Company, no Mutual Business will be done, and JVb Premiuitr'JSTotei 11 Taken. * Officers : 1 i A. M. Dow ALDsort, President. , J. M. Eddv, Vice do f/1 VV, T. Gibbow,.Secretary. V j Allen Gibsow, Gohetal Agent. , CttAS. l. 9UfiniKß»Gen’l'truveliog AgR. ( C. A. GILMAN, Agent nt‘Send RapMk, : r * / sept. 24. .’57 n2v3yl , mmemn BLACKSMITHING ! CARRIED on in all Us various branches, two, J doors below Day’s Hotel, by . 1 WM, BOHMERv ;■ u; : ’ 1 Wagon Shop is also connected with this establish- 1 “ n> LfStSKir*! ■ ~ !. O; A; HOU 8« , ,: t; ARCHITECT A'N D BUH.OER, • IS prepared to execute nil business kt his ' line wUh nealnesS and deapatob. h ■ ■ />lta*,Speeificstioa» and Details fnrnished to ■' ‘iWpfcpi: v,-T ?>, ■ ittoi I Oane ut- Duyli Hotel, eonnt of Broadway «, 'jm Wuired Btfetfs, Skttk &*&' * J B«srft Rapids,‘ Feb. 26, «otf j P. BEAUPRB& CO* •’ Whoi o setie and Ru4«>»J Deolert w ] : GrowrlM, Proytatow, an, §£SBEBBIS£ i «*o.V ijtOpV*. • Sauk :m: sz april i. , \m. , . * t ftw Ppd Adrmtm* • * MINNESOTA. Mianesota, fit the date of fier Terri •' tofirt rurganixation, in had within * he^ ;i pHPseht bntinrffirws a |Mpirtatl6ti roif lesu tfimw 4000. No# in ISSB, with a census roll of 150,000 inhabitants, hftv*-! ing doubled hpr populatioq six tiines in * eig.ht years, shp claiins.ber confraterna! star to brooch tfpfon her ample fihoillders, the toga eirilis al.vei^ignty. With the single exception oL Gatifor* ’ nja, thp history^of flo nlhpi: Tapritorv has exhibited such a career oT prosperi , ty as is indicated by this unexampled growth W pApiiffitioti. 4 of growth has been five .times that of oonaiortHlen times that of Indiana:or lo wa~twnlve, titjn«B that of illtncjis, and twenty-lour times that of Michigan,dur ing the correspondiryfjjerjod of her Ter- ; ritorial history | and for the, cotempora ry that is to say from 184.9 to IBST, her growth ha’s been from ten to •thirty times hat of any of these States: Her increase ill wealth has been evert more rapid. The amount of assessed property, fop,the year-1849 was 0414,- 930. In 1858 it is over seventy miltiqns Of dotlahr, at the official valuation—an increase of 169 tithes in' eight years This amazing development rests upon permanent and intrinsic conditions, which place Minnesota in the front rank of the Northwestern States. Foremost among these Conditions' ib Her Cdiiirtiftndhig Qeographtsol Position. The State of Minnesota, ap are defined by the Enabling Act, lies be tween the parallels of 43 •degrees 30 min. and 49 degrees narth-r-Witb lowa, on its southern, and Wiscpngin on ifs :< eastern boundary, of both which Slates it shares the leajjihg characteristics. Jt ; j composes fin area of 80,900 square i miles, being thus larges than aH New > England. Its elevated surface, 800 feet I in height above the sea level, form the, i summit of the great interior plain of i North America made up of the cbnter- s minous basins of the Mississippi, St. Lawrence, Winnipeg and Mackenzie, find is tjie controlling apex of.the hydro graphical system of the continent,- |he 1 common centre whence its affiuents di verge, like spoke's of a, vafit wheel, to its outer rib# on the Atlantic coast. 1 ' The Waters which have their sources in her bosom .are capable of carrying the t commerce of the world, almost without ,t transhipment, to her borders, and cleav- . ing the confine hi northward, eastward I and southward*,th4n give her three iwfi- I jestic ootlats upon tha ocean in three dis- < tipet zones. She holds, pn the Missis- I sippi and Lake Superior, the western i termini of the great inland chains of nav- t igation which divide the internal com merce of the continent. The magnifi cent highway formed by the St. LfiW- | rence ahd the greiat Lakes, ends its stib lime mission on our northeastern bor- ' der, midway between the two oceans, J and 2500 miles from its debouchement on the Atlantic coast, and the Mississip pi .with -an unbroken, current bf 2200 miles;from its mouth to the GulfofMex- , ico, carries the fruits of the tropics to 1 the Falls of St. AntboWy. ‘ J t Oifly less important is the R,ed River \ inf : the Nopthv "with a navigable length ofi i 500 miles connecting in the British P«»s- ,> sessions by an interlockage, of lakes, | with another system of rivers, of which t the Saskfitchewhti, f with fi continuous < navigable c«r%e r of 1400 milei*, pens- t trates westwaHl to the foAt- Of the Rocky t Mountains, pnd the Jainpes, eastward to .s an ocean on Hudson,s Bay. '• ( Thus ow three sides Minnesota com- c mqnds the avenues to the great imdevei- t opedt Northwest, a country till recently s almost as unknown asthe interior of Af- f Irica, but wMfeh refebnt researches have S to be, as respects climateandre-’ f sources; the most valuable ol the unap J c This immense region extends from our v western to the bfise of th ! e D Rocky MduWt.t ins, Slid liorfhWfind Gil it 1 t reaches the htr.it nf the wheafi distnet I pijearly up to the 60th parallel t gmopg. .t ihb forks of the Makenziariver, and em braebs '*» cultivable area of 500,000, square iniles,; with the climatic and ag- u producing regions bribe Baltic or or Up- ; per ’ Ckmdit ’arir cfipfibfe acb6rdm| ft . Lord Selkirk cf supporting a population' '* of3Q,000;000. . • i; c. ■ f The v^qpqf^agecgrapbicpfpqsifiph „ of Minnesota will not ba appreciated a withbiA’ domprebisnstbh bt the Hifir- atptWr tM'the imrfienke *li4bmary regibti bf g which it commands the approaches Ml a work of high au4hortty , Bb>dgett 8 Cli- , published under ibl j age of the general this neg- lected dntriet ii thua pertinently de- t scribed ; .: br ni ’ltovirt ; in vtirxiafi nf y hive been mule to the leading incidents of aatn- Q rnl ffspsrfty efid ‘bTxcrtW W tWi fitothi *i Wtotcmdwwioto r lt ie .not Qpoeptory.jto v .1 bs nnwoSwing pfWl#b m aataral advantages await the me of emhxed na- „ jtiona; THAr#Skn f Ar ffidstiCf the pratMlia ind J present neglect of thia rexion liea 5 views'of ha climate, nnd the peculiarities of much ' wlsmSr^itSNssiurM of thft’laattWo or. three winters, there, it-Hppos *• eevhswi ißotthe vast plain rises very fittle.- . not 2000 feet above the,sea,, pv Fort but 2600, though 16 ®of longitud doe wjadiof the plam at the sources, of the Mb ■ pC it ; der.|i« ? a»J altitude north westward; indeed, toward the nor.tr em krtre bawiuMind HoA-on’s Bay. The increas of tetpponpiiro westward w quite a» rapid as it i adutmiaAl' w New Mexico, and the Pacific hoi t(er»i4t the 60thparallel mte tnilder in winter tha Santo Fe. In every condition fitrmipdithe hft» df 'nkfiortaV Wealth, (he continental mats Lyln weft Word and northwestward from Lakeßoperic is far,. niore valuable than the, interior in Jowe la tit dies, of Which Salt Lake and Upper Nev uito the proiaitieni known districts. 'h of'thts northweatorU district ha umuhj|| interest, alsq, , though the details, ' French traders ranged the fertile plain of Rfd.River aud the’Saskatchewan nearly twi centqyjes since, and the rich trade in furs an, 'peitrffis has for so many years been constaritlj gatkersd from thd surrounding iracts through tha as a central area. This occupation was epeva Withiffie Spanish' occupation of New Mexico ati< CdiArma, and bnt for the pernicious views erf UjleAjhy the fur traffic as to the necessity of pre servlog it at a wilderness, it Would long sinci opened to civilization. The Ilttdsot Bay and Northwest companies had given way t< British dominion in Canada, and both these edrn pan tea at last concentrated their strength oi efforts to preserve the wilderness, and to crust thAipfentcelony of Lffid'SaikiHi. Tk»; whoto space here designated the Northwest 2?.Jri^S r ’i b 9. J 0 posseasion of tliO; UqUeti Stank and Great Britain, not only in territonn in nil the incidents of development. Its cornntercial, and industrial capacity :is. gigantic, and ode which it is the interest of both govern meftW to bring out at the earlist moment; : Th® importance of this territbry has not keen over looked by Minnesota. Her comA to speak more particularly by and by, pbißts to the acquisition of the vast future of this region to her commence, and its desirableness is enhanced by the consideration that the movement of popu latiopj whien it shall have exhausted the n'art*oV st rip .of fertile area still remain- tbfi immediate basin of the Mis sisfiippi, will be restricted, by a physical tecessity, to the’grain-yielding areas H'qctically inexhaustible—which lie in this direction,. None of the Statps, lying west of the Mississippi are backed up by similar resources in their rear. lowa i enits nut Upon the Mauvaise terres oi J4fSflfirqskar—Missouri has Kansas, but •Vextern Kansas is a sandy .plain, which extends westward to the Rocky Moun tains—the first enstalipent of the Great American Desert. New Mexico is less hfibitable than the branches bf the Atha basca—and SftU Lake is about to be deserted, it is said, fpr the prefei able locality at the sources of the Columbia, in the western donfities of British Ame rica. Nor do the advantages of 4 the geo graphical position of Mirinesota end here. As the dominating apex bf the great interior plait) of North as th« 3 common centre of its converging lines of commercial inter-communica tion, she holds the kejf br inland transit to Cahfprma. . , ( } , # ; ; ; - ( |* > 'Slte possesses, at ithe''western end of perior and the.head of paviga.- tiqn. on the Mississippi, the gates of the national highway to the Peciific. In the immense chains of 4 water communic ition which ulttmatfi at these pbtnts, full half ftay a ross the continent, Nature seems rf hav ( e unalterably fixed the avenues of our inland inter-oeeanic commerce, and to point with the force'bf a divine decree to Gov. Stevens"*~rofiTeTb Puget’s Sound, as the inevitable solution ofttte problem of a Pacific Railway. The advantages of this route will be hereafter averted to. Three railroads of the Minnesota scheme are projected from different points upon the path marked out by Gov. Stevens, and before July all tbreie will probably be in progress, moving Con currently towards the great future im pending in the development ofthe North west', and fixed as their final goal upon a Pacific termlnUfi. We shall proceed tk show that the Internal resources of Minnesota are not unworthy her con tinental relations. r: .... I . 3 ilv Fi v ■ J 5 wtp W ' ,Th* Poor iiv Bujtfalo,—•’There are eleven bandred and seventy-tWo families in Buffalo de pendeot oa the relief fund for ffieir food and fuel, V 4. 10,000 persepa dependent on charity- for inppdff ;:< ‘ il ’ v ’’ ‘ u " 1 The fibhrve statement of destitution in Buffalo, probablyi has its parallel in most ofilie Eastern cities—in some to a greater;*ls others to a less extent,— Vet the journals of these cities are qon* stabtly filled with articles depreciatory of the West, khd starving thousands ini ; their midst, to ex periehce destitution, sickness and starvation at home, rather than seek relief by emigra tion ahd employmerU in the Wefit. ? Our means of information are ample, yet we bavpM pear ofthe first iustanoe j“i M inßOaptH, on the ; p^:t.of Dyi| bnUer seek the filleviatibn of suffer iog intfceir midrt, than Hood their st reets with crac«dile lamentations asto the con dition, socially and financially, of the West. —Pioneer and Democrat. •- : From BloUgat’s Ciiinrtulogy ofthe t’nitdd St;Uei y OLIMAVE OF THE NORtIfWESTER: DISTRICT. * The great practical interest now fcl ~ in the northwestern arfias bf this oouD f oent requires that some distinct refer / enefe tb their climate should be made !i end as it has bbert necessary to compres - fibme of the Scientific analyses in othe B cases, it is though tthat the space at firs * intended for> the discussion (} f the ver , tical range pf vegetation on this Conti * neht, should be occupied in a manniei 5 more acceptable to the general reader r The whole climatological discussiot \ hears more or less directly on this poin throughout, but a compact statement o , the advantages belonging to this terri . lory, haying their basis in climate b 1 quite desirable. I The assertion qiay at first appear uo> * warranted, hut it is demonstrable that ar area, not inferior in nize to the whoh 1 United States east of the Mississippi now almost wholly unoccupied, lies w«si of the 98th meridian and above the 4.3 c ! parallel, which is perfectly adapted l? the fullest qcGupation by cultivated uu tions. The west and north of Europe ♦ire there reproduced, .with the excep tions caused by vertical configurations only ; and important as this featuration is in givinous a lofty mountain bounda ry on the west, we may charge much ol disadvantage to that account and still leave all that. is. here claimed, an im mense and yet unmeasured capacity for . occupation and expansion. By refer ence to the illustration of the distribution of heat, we see that the cold at the north of the great lakes does not represent the some latitude further west, and that beyond them the thermal lines rise as high in latitude, in most cases, the west of Europe. Central Russia, (Ger many, the Baltic districts and the British Islands, are all reproduced in the gene ral structure, though the exceptions here fall against the advantage, while there they favor it, through the immediate in fluence of the Gulf Stream. The parallel in regard to the advance ment of American States here may be drawn with the period of the earliest trans-Alpine Roman expansion, when Gaplt, Scandinavia, and Britain were regarded as inhospitable regions, fit only for barbarian occupation. The en lightened nations then occupied the lati tudes near the Mediterranean, and the richer northern and western countries were unopened and unknown. Climate is indisputably the decisive condition, and when #e find the isothermal of 60 3 for the summer rising on the interior American plains to the 6lst parallel, or fully as high as its average position for Europe, it is imuossible to dout the ex istence of favorable climates over vast areas now unoccupied. This favorable comparison may be traced for Ihe winter also, and in the averagtes for the year. The exceptional cold ut the mountain plateaus, and of the coast below the'43d parallel, makes the advantage more or less lb those who approach these areas from the western part of the central States, and from the coast of California; but though the indistinct mountain rang es remain high at the north, the width of their base, or of the plateau fifom which they rise, is much less than at the 42d parallel. The elevated tracts are of less extent, and the proportion of cul tivable surface is far greater. It will be seen that the thermal lines of each season are thrown northward farther, on passing Lake Superior west ward, in the charts of this work than in those ofthe Military Report prepared by the author. At the time those were drawn the number of observations be yond the limits of the United States was so small that the full expression was not given to the statistics then used, in the fear that some Correction tobqld ultima tely be found to apply to them, reducing extreme northward curvatures they in dicated. But a further collection and comparison the positions now given to the thermal lines, placing them farther nbthward than before,and extend ing them in a course due northwest from ’Superior tefthe flSth parrllel. For the extreme Reasons, winter this accurate diagonal extension of the ther mal lines acrpss a the areas of latitude and longitude is very striking. The buffalo winter on the upper Athabaska at ] least as safely as in the latitude of St. Paul* Minnesota, antf the spring opens at nearly the same time along the immense liritf bf plkins from St. Paul to Mackenzie*h River. '■ ta '*' * # * • * . . * With these facts of climatological cap acity established, as the ' Whttle tenor and significance of American research on this point clearly shows, it may be ttiOre easy to understand thp descriptions >at those who have travelled there, and to copped the, somewhat meagre ac counts yet written. It is most surprising that so littfe Vs known of th ! e great Is land*, and 1 the longline of eohslt from Pu get’s Hound to Sitka, ample as its re sounces must jbe f ven for recruiting the commerce qjj t|»e pacific, inq. dependent of its immense intrinsic Value. ■ H'i iißlv: EDITOR iHD PROPRIETOR. WHOLE NUMBER 121. *• To. the region bordering the northern f Pacific the finest maritime positions be long throughout its entire extent, and t no part of the Vest of Europe exceeds it . iri the advantages of equable climate, . fertile soil, and commercial accessibility t pf Jtbe coast. The western slope of the $ Rocky lVlpuntain system rnay be ioclu r ded as a part of this maritime region, em t bracing an immense area from the 45th - to the 60th parallel, and five degrees of . long, in width. The cultivable surface r °f this district cannot be much less than three hundred thousand square pules ! j Next is the area of the plains east of i the Rocky Mountains, not less remarka f ble than the first from the absence of at . tention heretotore given to its intrinsic 3 value as a productive and cultivable region, within easy reach of emigration. This Is a wedge shaped tract, ten degrees , oflohgitude in width at its base along the , 47th parallel, inclined northwestward to conform to the trend of the Rocky Moun [ tains, and terminating not far from the I 60th parallel in a narrow line, which still | extends along the Mackenzie for three or four degrees of latitude, in a climate barely tolerable. Lord Selkirk begun his efforts at colonization here as early , as 1805, and from personal knowledge he then claimed for this tract a capacity to support thirty millions of inhabitants. . All the grains of the cool temperate lat itudes are produced abundantly—lndian corn may be grown on both branches of the Saskachewau, and the grass of the plains is singularly abundant and rich. Not only in the earliest period of explor ation of these plains, but now, they are the great resort for buffalo herds, which, with the domestic herds, and the horses of Indians and the colonists, remain on them and at their woodland borders through the year. The simple fact of the presence of these vast herds of wild cattle jon plains at so high a latitude is amply proof of the climatological pro ductive capacity of the country. Of these plains and their woodland borders the valuable survace measures fully Jive hundred thousand square miles. [The paragraphs which connect this with the succeeding will be found iu the article taken from the N/. Paul Adver~ User ,] The illustration of the summer and wipter climates for the country north of the 50tb parallel is given, though with less fullness than could be desired, on the Isothermal and Rain .Charts for the temperate latitudes of both continent. The allusions, here made may be traced there iu a general way, but a map on a more, ample scale, representing the now unknown plains of the Yellowstone and the south rn Saskatchewan, and the equally important Pacific districts north of Vancouver’s Island, and with a full geographical detail, where so much is vaguely placed, is much to be de sired'. For. the small number of points observed above the 45th parallel, the statistics are very well distributed to de fine the climate. The points on the Missouri river, Fort Union and Fort Benton, Fort Owen in the first valley at the passage of the Rocky Mountains here, Kooskooskia in the plain of the the Columbia, and the several Military Posts in Oregon and on Puget’s Sound, form an ample representation beyond &. the in latitude of the well known posts of the vicinity of Lake Superior. From this last point of departure, also, in a line northwestward, there are Fort William, Pembina, Fort Garry, and the fine series of observations at Norway House near the north end of Lake Win nipeg, as the first group. Then Carlton House, Cumberland House, Edmonton House, Fort Liard, Fort Simpson, Sitka, and Yukon, —forming a crescent along the milder portions, and beyond which the still better observed points at Lake Athabaska, Great Bear Lake, and Hud sort’s Bay , confirm the distribution so as to leave no doubt of its general reliabili ty. The conditions existing in this im mense area deserve a distinct treatment, and particularly the importance of the great channel of access through Lake Superior .attaches the highest interest to the definition of its peculiar climate. In severe winters the most formidable ice barriers are interposed over a portion of its surface, as the ice remain* late and in large fields and masses at the eastern end of Lake Erie in the same cases—in both lakes the western and larger por tions being free from obstructions at a date much earlier. Withdrawal of Troops from Kan sas. 100, the Washington correspond ent of the Baltimore Sun, writing under date of the 27th, says: “ It hasbeen determined to withdraw the troops from Kansas and despatch them as early as possible upon an expe dition for Utah; Arrangements will be made immediately with this view.— The troops will be organized and ready for the march upon the presumption that there will be no further use for them in Kansas. tig* A Court in Boston has endorsed the decision that a railroad ticket bought for one particular day, is good for any day thereafter.