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I city • , JyjT * .*••,• ST. PAUL RECORDERS^ OL. 7, NO. 24. Negro Flyers Protest Against Segregated Air Corps Plan for U. S. Chicago A strong resolution condemning the War Department’s plan to establish an all-Negro pur suit squadron as a part of the United States Army Air Corps was adopted by the National Airmen’s Association here Friday. At the same time, the associa tion made up of Negro flyers throughout the country, voted to intensify its campaign to have Ne groes integrated without regard to race into the United States Army Air Corps which presently bars Ne groes. According to Under Secretary of War, Patterson, the squadron con sisting of a ground crew of 400 men, 33 pilots and 27 planes, will be set up at Tuskegee institute in Alabama where a flying field and other facilities will be provided. The ground crew, according to the announcement, will be trained at Chanute field, Illinois, for sev eral months before going to the southern school. The squadron, it is understood, will be commanded by a white officer. Cornelius R. Coffey, who, in ad dition to being the president of the Chicago chapter of the association, is also national president, in com menting, said the action taken Fri day is in line with the association’s policy. “Our fight for entrance into the air corps has been long. We don’t intend to compromise now. Both the army and navy have stressed tradition in arguing against the abolition of segregated units. “In the air corps there is no tra- dition either favorable or unfavor able to complete racial integra tion. If we permit the establish ment of a Negro onit, it will be es tablishing a precedent which will be hard to break down. “We’d rather be excluded,” Cof fey said, “than to be segregated, i here’s no constitutional support for segregated units and the only traditions existing in aviation as I know it are ones which would make complete integration sane and logical.” Coffey is director of the aviation school at Harlem airport which handles flight training for a non college and an advanced Civil Aeronautics Administration pro gram, in both of which Negroes and whites have participated with out friction. Willa B. Brown, secretary of the association, and co-ordinator for Chicago’s CAA programs, held up the Civilian Pilot Training Pro gram as an example of a success ful inter-racial project in aviation. “There is no segregation in the CAA programs,” she said, “and there have been no race or violence because of this fact. 1 think the War Department is at tempting to inject the racial issue where none has existed in the past.” She described the CAA and the National defense aviation classes at Wendell Phillips high school in Chicago where at least a third of each group is white. All instruc tors are Negroes, she said, and there is no resentment on the part of the whites because of this. “One of the first ten youngsters to win flight scholarships under our non-college program early last year,” she said, “was a white youth, Chester Krupa, who received his private pilot’s lieense along with nine Negroes, one of them a girl. “I don’t see why this same spirit of inter-racial co-operation cannot be carried over into the army air corps.” As an afterthought, she men tioned that one of the instructors at Coffey’s school, the largest priv ate school controlled by Negroes, is white. The National Airmen’s associa- National defense aviation classes at tien was organized in Chicago in February, 1939, and includes in its membership practically all Negro flyers from some of the earliest pioneers to CAA students. Most of the Negro CAA flight and ground instructors are members. The or ganization does not bar white mem bers, in fact the Chicago chapter has had several white members. A 43-inch trophy, the coveted award of all Negro flyers, is the Dwight Green trophy presented the organization in 1939 by the pres ent governor of Illinois. By Enoc I*. Waters, Jr. Pilgrim Chorus Of 45 in Concert Sunday Night You will miss a “rare treat” if you fail to hear Pilgrim’s Gospel Chorus of forty-five voices in a concert Sunday, January 22, 8:00 p. m., at Pilgrim Baptist Church. The program will consist of gospel songs and spirituals. The chorus will apear in their new vestments which were tailored by John I. McCoy, prominent tailor of the Twin Cities. The soloist of the chorus will be: Mrs. Ruth Barker, Susie Gaylord, Sarah Rufus, and Miss M. Odelle Harris and the Messrs. I. Wooten and F. Rawlings. Assisting artists include the Century Singers direct ed by Leonard Oliver, and Mrs. Martha Lee, reader. Mr. John R. Lawrence, Jr., will be the commen tator of the evening. Mrs. J. Arlee Harris Slaughter is directress and Miss Thelma Dorsey, accompanist. The public is cordially invited to hear this fine program. Washington on State Training Advisory Board Negro Appointment Considered Since December Negro representation on the State Advisory Committee on Na tional Defense Training comes as a result of the appointment of Chas. W. Washington, Executive Sec retary, Minneapolis Urban League. The Committee has the responsibil ity for reviewing and passing upon policies of training as they relate to the training of workers in occu- 9 Hk ■ •• ; r s&■ ' \ ML Ilia Jg| C. W. Washington pations essential to National De fense. The matter of the appointment of a Negro to this Committee has been under consideration since early in December. In effect there are three advisory committees, one dealing with the refresher and up grading courses in the mechanical trades, the second considering the vocational education of rural and non-rural youth, and the third is concerned with the training of youth on NYA work projects for jobs in defense industries. With a few exceptions the personnel of all three committees is practically the same. Others on Committee On each committee there are rep resentatives of employees and em ployers. Additional members rep resenting educational groups and the general public serve as consu ltants. Mr. Washington has been selected to serve as consultant on the Defense Training of Youth on NYA Projects. Others serving in the same capacity are C. B. Lund, State NYA Administrator; Dean M. Schweickard, Assistant Super intendent of Schools in Minneapo lis; Mrs. Carl Agrell, Minnesota Home Economics Association, and Victor Christgau, State Director, Division of Employment and Se curity. The Defense Program of Minne sota has been operating since Au gust, 1940, however, only workers who have had several years of ex perience in* certain of the skilled trades, were eligible for the type of training offered. The fact that Negroes have not been engaged in such trades has resulted in a lack of persons qualified to take these courses. Under the proposed plan of extending training to out of-school youth, there will be op- Crowd At Credit Union Meeting WEBUKBSSfr' I 9RS gywwi - §§*Hfc %* :.r< , m Shown above are some of those in attendance it the fourth annual meeting of the Associated Negro Credit Union in St. Paul January 13. First tow shows some of the officers, reading left to right, Clarence W. Smith, Percy Hughes, Rev. C. F. Stewart, W. B. Walker, Talmage B. Carey, Izetta Greer and John Patton. Second row, left to right, Sam Johnson, Dr. Lillian Lewis, Mabel Harris, Boyd Crawford, Clifford Smith, Mrs. G. Mundell, Mfcttrice Boyd, Curtis Chi vers, Aaron Shauntee, C. W. Washington, Nathaniel Evans. Dr. Earl Webber, E. H. Payne, G. P. Hilyer* I. Myrtle Carden, Alyce L. Stewart, Mrs. Annie Cole man, Mrs. Harold Wright, James Gresham, and Mrs, Aaron Shauntee. Third row, Mrs, L. Cason, Mrs. Sam Johnson, Mrs. J. W. Cleary, S. Edward Hall, Cecil Ifewman, Owen Howell, McDuff Woodard, B. L. Greer, Mrs. Earl Webber, Morris Love, Mrs. Jas, Lewis, fln. James Cook, Mrs. James Gresham, A. L. Brown, G. W. Hall, Warren Grissom, Clarence Hughes and William Modern. portunities for such youth to ac quire the necessary training for jobs in defense industries. New Orber Boys Club Opens Jan. 26 Sunday afternoon, Jan. 26, will mark the formal opening of the newly constructed Edgar B. Orber Boys’ Club at the comer of St. An thony and N. Western. Ceremonies will begin promptly at 3 p. m. A fine program has been arranged. The imposing new structure which has been under construction is named in memory of the late Edgar B. Orber, who served as chairman of the financial drive for the club building. Death came to him before his work was completed. The public is invited to come and inspect the structure which houses a full size gymnasium and club rooms. Father Gilligan Hallie Forum Speaker Sunday Father Francis Gilligan, whose sympathetic understanding of the problems facing Negroes and la bor, has caused him to champion both causes will be the main speak er at the Hallie Q. Brown Forum Sun., Jan. 26, at 4 p. m. Father Gilligan, who is on the staff of St. Paul Seminary, is closely associ ated with the St. Paul Trades and Labor Assembly and is a member of the Boards of Directors of the Hallie Q. Brown House and the St. Paul Urban League. Local 516, Dining Car Employees Union, will sponsor this Forum. Officers of Local 516 are gen eral chairman, Maceo Littlejohn; president, M. A. Finney; vice president, Miles A. Newlin; sec’y treas., Samuel H. Johnson; record ing sec’y, Harry S. Brown. Responsibility for this Forum program has been placed with the Auxiliary which always works so very faithfully with Local 516. Of ficers of the Auxiliary are: presi dent,'Mrs. Richard Moss; first vice president, Mrs. Joe Levy; second vice-president, Mrs. S. S. Ratliff; secretary, Mrs. Arthur Hedge; re cording secretary, Mrs. James Kirk; treasurer, Mrs. Harry S. Brown; reporter, Mrs. Eugene Shepard; editor, Mrs. Francis Doyle. The program chairman, Mrs. Lionel Allen, has the follow ing interesting program for Sun day’s Forum: . Scheduled to appear on the pro gram in addition to Father Gilli gan, are Rev. Benjamin Moore, Mrs. Marguerite Combs, Revoida Smith, Alyce Stewart, John Thom as, Mrs. R. L. Allen and the Hal lie Q. Brown Glee Club. Honor Roll Students At Mechanics Leatrice Dodd, 244 W. Central Ave., Lillian Downey, daughter of Mr. ond Mrs. Geo. Downey, 678 St. Anthony Av., and Lorraine Brad ley, daughter of Mrs. Mary Brad ley, of 408 St. Anthony Ave., and Charles Bradley, of East 14th St., are on the December Honor Roll at Mechanic Arts High School. VFR Crowds Hears Speakers Negro Defense Aims CITIZENS VIGOROUSLY PROTEST DISCRIMINATION IN STATE AND NATIONAL DEFENSE SYSTEMS Negro. Defense Committee Appointed To Take Action Negro and white dtizens packed the Hallie Q, BTown auditorium last unday afternoon to listen to a Round Table discussion on the “Ne gro In State and National Defense.” Those who participated in the spirited discussion were: Erma Clardy, public relations counsel of the Council of Negro Students of the University of Minnesota; Cecil E. Newman, editor and publisher of the Recorder and Spokesman; Frank Alsup, district organizer for the Packinghouse Workers Organizing Committee (CIO); and Clarence Mitchell, Jr., executive secretary of the St. Paul Urban League. Samuel Reed, president of the St. Paul Branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, led the discussion. Cecil Newman exploded the rumors that Negro soldiers cannot be efficiently commanded by Negro officers. He cited numerous instances to prove that the numors were mythical in their foundation. In par ticular he mentioned the meritorious record of Harlem’s all-Negro 369th Division in the last World War. He branded all statements which at tempted to prove the inferiority of Negro soldiers and officers as de liberate and malicious lies circulated by the southern Bourbon class for the sole purpose of discrediting Negroes in order to maintain and per petuate caste system in the U. S. Miss Clardy pointed out that Negro youth is more interested in making democracy work through peace and job security than in sacrific ing their lives in a Jim Crow Army and Navy to defend a democracy which does not, in fact, exist. Frank Alsup stated that discrimination and segregation in our armed forces was being promoted by miniature Hitlers in high places who spread propaganda of race hate in order to keep Negroes and whites who have common problems divided. He asserted that the en tire network of circumstances which force a Negro mother in the South to go back into the cotton fields two days after the birth of her child are the greatest internal weakness and the most insidious menace in our present democratic system. , Clarence Mitchell advocated immediate legal action against. those state and national defense units which segregate or discriminate against citizens for reason of race or color. He emphasized that practically all other avenues of. approach and settlement of this problem had been ex hausted 1 and that the stage was set for court action. The suggestion that a Negro Defense Committee, composed of Negro labor, religious, and civic leaders, be appointed to take positive action in an effort to remedy existing discrimination in the Minnesota De fense Force and in national defense units was met with spontaneous ap proval from the audience. . . The first meeting of the committee will be held at 8 p. m. Saturday, January 25, at Hallie Q. Brown House in St. Paul. Members of the defense committee are: Rev. Stewart, Rev. Nelson, Father Gilligan, Maceo Littlejohn, Cecil Newman, I. Myrtle Carden, Magnolia Latimer, Frank Boyd, Jesse Howard, Harry Lewis, Frank Alsup, Clarence Mitchell, €. W. Washington, George Mundell, Jose Sherwood, George Holland, Robert Mallory, Sr., Erma Clardy, Elizabeth Schuck, Ira Dorsey, Samuel Reed, and James Slemmons. Twin City News Briefs PARENT-TEACHER BOARD MEETING Board members of the McKinley School P. T. A. wjll hold a meeting at the residence of Mrs. Charles Graham, 472 West Central Ave., on Tuesday, Jan. 28, at 8 p. m: Biddle Circle Installs Officers Biddle Circle No. 38 GAR held their installation of officers Tues day, Jan. 21, at Welcome Hall. Guests were Mrs. Sophia Krusen, president of the department of GAR of Minnesota; Mrs. Mary Nickerson, national Junior vice president; and members and offi cers from all of the circles in the Twin Cities. The following officers were in stalled by Mrs. Carrie Lindsay, past treasurer; Mrs. Lola Edwards, president; Mrs. Effie Wills, Sr. vice-president; Mrs. Carrie Lind say, Jr. vice-president; Mrs. Nora —-—, —■>— r Y 24, 1941 McCracken, secretary; Mrs. Sara Jeffries, treasurer; Mrs. Emma Mosty, chaplain; Mrs. Anna Blair patriotic instructor; Mrs. Katie Myers, conductor; Mrs. Willie Black, aast. conductor; Mrs. Re becca Godette, guard; Mrs. Anna bel! Hunt, asst, guard. . Gifts were presented to Mrs. Carrie Lindsay, installing officer; Mrs. Verna Larson, installing con ductor; and to Mrs. Anna Blair, retiring president. The meeting closed with the service of a lunch eon. 4 Mrs. Hayden Tells Her Story!!! Read Mrs. Emma Hayden’s sen sational charge that her home was broken up! The divorced wife of Rev. Ger ald L. Hayden tells her side of the case on page 2 of this issue. m ’Jh| ■— I Despondent St. Paul Man, Packing House Worker* ' Kills Self with Gun ARMOUR EMPLOYEE, DESPONDENT, COMMITS SUICIDE James Johnson, 41, 445 St. Anthony Ave., was found lying in bed at 5:30 p. m., Wednesday, January 15, with a bullet wound in his left tem ple. A pistol lay beside him on the bed. Following an investigation by the Coroner’s office, a verdict of suicide was returned. James Tobinson, 336 Rondo Ave., and William Geldon, 381 North Western Ave., found Johnson in bed, dead, when they stopped by his home to see why he hadn’t been at work that day at the Armour & Co. plant in South St. Paul, where he was employed. Johnson was last seen alive Mon day evening, January 13, in a tav ern where friends say he appeared despondent. At the time of the ac cident, Mrs. Mildred Johnson, his wife, was reported to be visiting friends in Omaha, Nebraska. Born in Hopkinsville, Kentucky, in 1900, Johnson came to St. Paul to make his home approximately thirteen years ago. Survivors include, in addition to his wife, Mildred, a mother, Mrs. Anna Quarles of Mortinsgap, Ken tucky, and his father, Rice John son, of Hopkinsville, Kentucky. Funeral services and last inter ment were held in Omaha, Nebras ka. A prayer service was held at 5:30 p. m., Saturday, January 18, with Rev. B. N. Moore, pastor of St. James A. M. E. Church, officiat ing. Mrs. Susie Gaylord rendered several beautiful selections. James A. Davis Renamed Wheatley House President RAYMOND CANNON ELECTED TO BOARD; MRS. McDONALD AND MRS. PAIGE RENAMED James A. Davis has been re elected president of Phyllis Wheat ley settlement house, according to Calvin W. Aurand, chairman of the nominating committee. Re-elected were Mrs. C. W. ■>.»&. lill i|J»||i . :*<• ij^»: • ' •.. =■'j§|o»l' X< s4 \ •. J ,J§» .'.•‘£yv.- :-••'•.•■•' . ' . X“j«& frit y ?$f ”1 qp iisp§l&ll JSB?/£ '^^^ : /' J. A. Davis Mooers, first, and Mrs. Robert Charlton, second vice - president; Mrs. Ruth Gage Thompson, secre tary; J. E. Stoddard, treasurer; Charles D. Fist, assistant treasur er. Wendell C. Jones was elected corresponding secretary. New members named to the board of this Community Fund agency include Raymond Cannon, Lorin Hord, John E. Jerome, and Mrs. Esther Sherwood. Mrs. Hugh N. McDonald and Mrs. James A. Paige were re-elected. The resig nation of Mrs. Erie D. Luce was announced. Red Caps Fight Opens Chicago—?A suit to recover some SBOO,OOO allegedly due as back pay from eight railroads was begun in Federal Judge Phillip Sullivan’s court Monday, January 20, by more than 1,000 Red Caps. The action, instituted by Willard S. Townsend of Chicago, and John L. Yancey of Memphis, Tenn., president and sec retary-treasurer of the United Transport Service Employes’ Union, was filed November 8, 1939. Mrs. Combs Is Working Girls’ New President The Working Girls Council, an affiliate of the Phyllis Wheatley House, met on Tuesday evening, Jan. 21, at the home of Mrs. Doro thy Scott at 1008 Bryant Ave. N. Mrs. Marguerite Combs was elected president; Marianne Carter vice-president; Dorothy Scott, sec retary; Dorothy Blakley, ass’t sec retary; Edna Russell, treasurer. Refreshments were served and Po-Ke-No furnished entertainment after the busines meeting. Plans are underway for the Working Girls Council Institute. PIANO RECITAL Miss Frances Kelley, pianist and faculty vjnember, will present a piano recital Jan. 28 at Phyllis Wheatley House at 8 p v m. There will be no admission charge. TO BROADCAST Over WMIN, Saturday Night, Jan. 25, the Pilgrim Baptist Gospel Choir will be heard from 9:30 to 9:45 P. M. Enter your children in the Phyl lis Wheatley Tap Dancing class, Mondays at 4:00 P. M.—advt. Credjafawn vs. Wheatley Basket ball game-dance at Wheatley Sat urday, Feb. 1-—advt. GLE COPY Robert Ray Dies at 77 Robert Ray, 77, 664 Rondo ave nue, died Saturday, January 18, at Ancker Hospital. For over 40 years Ray made his home in Saint Paul with Mr. and Mrs. Curtis Ray mond, 654 Rondo avenue. He was bom in Mississippi August 10, 1863. Funeral services were held Thursday, January 23, at 2 p. m., with Rev. A. Nelson of the Apostolic Faith Mission officiating. Interment was in Elmhurst ceme tery. There are-no known survivors. Howard Wade, Pullman Employee, Dies Howard G. Wade, 670 Carroll avenue, died at Ancker Hospital Monday, January 20. Wade had been ill for several weeks. He was employed by the Pullman Company and came to St. Paul to make his home more than thirty-five years ago. He was bom in Fort Wayne, Indiana, August 6, 1884. Funeral services were held Thursday, January 23, at 11 a. m., with Rev. B. N. Moore, pastor of St. James A. M. E. Church, officiat ing. There are no known sur vivors. Long-Time Resident Dies Mrs. Elizabeth Echols, 982 Igle hart avenue, died Monday, January 20, at the home of Mrs. Emma Wil liams of that address. Mrs. Echols had been in failing health for some time. She was a widow, her hus band having preceded her in death about ten years ago. Bom in lowa in 1870, she has made her home in Saint Paul for the past thirty-five years. Funeral services were held this morning (Friday) at 8:30 a. m., from St. Peter Claver Catholic Church, with Rev. Fr. Charles Keefe officiating. Interment was in Calvary cemetery. OLIVER LEWIS GOES TO FORT COOK Oliver Lewis, only son of Mrs. Robert Lewis, 759 Rondo avenue, left Wednesday, January 22, for Fort Cook, Nebraska, where he has enlisted in the United States Army for the next three years. Tuesday Lewis was stationed at Fort Snell ing making preparations to leave. Lewis’ duties will be in the Quartermaster’s Corps where he will be chauffer to the Quarter master. When Mrs. Lewis, the mother, was interviewed Tuesday evening, she said, “I’m glad to see Ollie go because ever since he was a little boy five years old he has wanted to be in the army. His father was a soldier and a sailor and 011ie has always had that ambition/’ Oliver is a member of the Junior Sterling Club and popular in the younger set at St. Paul. Everybody attend the opening of Como Temple Heme, 588 Rondo, Saturday night, January 25, from 9 p. m. until. Sandwiches, games, refreshments.—advt. YTttN 1