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I CONSERVATIVE vs. PROGRESSIVE •
* While it is the conservatives’* J function to be intensely practical, S J that ought not be confused with J * simply being selfish; and while it* J seems to be the progressives’ func-* J tion to be idealistic, that idealism [ *ought to be pased on potential reali- J «ties rather than vague mystic emo-* 5 tion.—Henry A. Wallace. ! FIFTEENTH YEAR, NO. 32 NATIONAL SCENE: The big news is the beating Truman s civil rights program is taking in the Senate. Southern Dixiecrata aid ed and abetted by two score north ern Rt publicans have almost sounded the death knell of any appreciable civil rights legislation in the 81st Congress. Only hope is intense drive by majority groups to put heat on the G.O.P. and some starch in Truman's Democratic senatorial leaders in the Senate.... Dr. Ralph Hunche will receive the 34th Sping&rn medal for "the highest achieve ment during the preceding year or years in any honorable field of human endeavor.” The citation reads: "For his priceless contri bution to the settlement of armed conflict in the Middle East and his enduring patience, industry, courage and selflessness in attain ing that goal.” Other Spingarn medalists are: Harry T. Burleigh, W. E. B. Du Bois, the late George Washing ton Carver, Charles Gilpin, Rich ard Berry Harrison, Anthony Overton, Marian Anderson, I'aul Robeson, Mary Bethune, A. Phillip Randolph, Walter White, Perry Julian, Dr. Louis T. Wright, Dr. Charles Drew and Gov. William Hastie. LIBEL: William Kirby, director of the Kansas City office of the Missouri State Employment Dept, thought he was talking to a white social worker over the phone, when he said, "You know all Ne groes will steal.” Kirby is a for mer board member of the K. C. Urban League. LICK: Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Hubert of Philadelphia won $35,- 000 in cash and prizes when they hit the jackpot two Sunday nights ago on the "Stop the Music ’ radio show. One prize was a 1949 auto mobile!.. .Those who claim they know, claim the new Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson is not so hot on integration of Negroes in military services. Forrestal, the man he succeeds, was responsible for integration in the Navy, which has gone along beautifully with out any serious problems... .The National Urban League press ser vice says retired world champ Gene Tunney claims "The U. S. is losing an estimated purchasing power through income and job op portunities withheld from Ne groes." To Twin Citians Tunney's assertion is true, but old stuff to them. Charley Horn, local indus trialist, said the same thing and more fully two years ago at the banquet given in his honor by Twin Citians. It bears repeating again and again. Senator Warren G. Magnuson (Dem.. Wash.) has introduced a bill which would outlaw segrega tion of passengers in interstate travel... .The Republican NEW YORK HERALD TRIBUNE said of the filibuster, "The obligation is plainly on the Republicans in the Senate to stick to their prin ciples and shun the Democratic dissenters. The Dixiecrata didn’t win the November elections; even the Democrats ought to know that much.”... .Someone should send Ed. Thy© that HERALD TRIB UNE editorial. OTHER NATIONAL NOTES: If you care, Marva Louis is doing all right after going under the knife in a Mexico City hospital. . . Efforts by newsmen traveling with Truman in Florida to get him to talk about civil rights were unavailing. . . .Jim Edwards, who played in the North Star Drama Guild's "Deep Are the Roots’’ Is in Minneapolis being screened in the chief male role in a picture titled "Home of the Brave” by Screenplays. Inc. The picture is labeled as an anti-Negro prejudice film, and is slated to be released by United Artists. Several of the top film firms are considering filming Negro problem movies similar to "Gentlemen's Agree ment” Charles H. Houston. Washington attorney whom this sheet thinks would make a good U. S. Supreme court justice, is be ing boomed for the appointment of commissioner for the District of Columbia. I The CALL newspaper of Kan sas City is carrying on a cam paign against homicides among that city's Negro population. Fif teen years ago in a similar cam paign the paper reduced Negro homicides by 90<* in a drive to send killers to the electric chair. ELILS: The Midwest Elks Asso ciation will convene in Oklahoma BRIEF NEWS SCENE “High and Lowdown” BY BAILEE THOMAS (Continued on Page 2) LAtririia Ulna. Hlsto Southerner Gets Answer To Proposed Solution For U.S. Race Problem Ufi magazine, on Mo rth 14. ran an artklo. "A Southern Sole tion." by Sam Jones, former governor of Louisiana. in which Jonos sof forth moons whereby "thm problem" might bo solved. Jonos advocated thm dispersal of Nmgromt throughout every state in tho union, and that thmy bo omploymd on a compulsory quota basis. Itcavis this paper believes A market's ratio! situation is ranching growing importanco, and because LIU magatinm rooebos millions of Ammrkans who may not bo fully awaro of tho signifkanco of Jonas' proposal, Carl T. Rowan has boon ashed to write an analy sis of "Tho Southern Solution" and its implications.— Editor's Moto. By CARL T. ROWAN Last week, in LIFE magazine, a new solution was proposed to America’s greatest dilemma—her race problem. Sam Jones, former governor of Louisiana, presented himself as one dissatis fied with Truman civil rights proposals, yet concerned with the great cleavage which the words “Mason and Dixon” still rep resent. Mr. Jones offered “A Southern Solution.” He proposed that the Negro “problem” be nationalized. In fairness, it can be stated that the Jones proposal extended the viewpoint of many southerners. Seemingly, it was devoid of the bigot ed venom of a Rankin; it lacked the wild, unreasoning fiber of a Mar cus Garvey proposal to ship all Negroes to Africa or elsewhere. But, facetious and tongue-in-cheek at times, I fear, it \V r AS a SOUTHERN solution. Briefly, Sam Jones proposed that the United States: • Spread the Negro population at an even 10 per cent throughout the nation. • Proceed to "regulate by federal legislation the complete admis sion, integration and assimilation of the Negro race into our social, economic and political fabric.” • Spread the Negro population because 1) the south cannot stand the "burdens of education, medical assistance, social security and cul tural opportunity”; 2) and because, he says, too many Negroes create a problem and the south has too many. • Go beyond Russell by having congress pass a law requiring ev ery employer of 10 or more engaging in interstate commerce to set aside 10 per cent of all jobs for qualified Negroes. • Make application for the jobs voluntary, on the assumption that the population shift eventually would place Negroes equally throughout the nation in 10 per cent of the jobs. PIjIN BASICALLY WRONG There are many specific wrongs with Mr. Jones' suggestion— wrongs that are practical, political and economic. But of fundamental importance, perhaps, is the observation that its very basis is repug nant to American democratic concepts. What Mr. Jones has done is wrap several non-southern phrases around a southern attitude. Mr. Jones never relinquished the attitude of white supremacy. He never stopped thinking that the NEGRO was the PROBLEM. He never (Continued on page 2) Minneapolis Urban League Annual Meeting to Hear Representative R. J. Sheran One of Minnesota’s “coming young men,’’ Robert J. Sheran will hold the spotlight at the Twenty-third Annual Meeting of the Minneapolis Urban League, to be field March *22, 6:15 p. in. at the Coffman Memorial Union, Junior Ballroom. He is a member of the Law firm of Gallagher, Farrish, and Sheran in Mankato, Minn, who is serving his second term as a Representative from Blue Earth ture. Rep. Sheran will speak on the topic "Racial Integration and Na tional Strength.” Rep. Sheran is a graduate ol Roosevelt High School, St. Thom as College in St. Paul, and the School of the University of Minnesota. He is a member of the Constitutional Commission of the State of Minnesota, and the Board of Directors of the Law School of the University of Minnesota. Rep. Sheran’s view point is ex pressed in the following state ment which he recently made. "If the United States and the democratic principle* which it embodies are to survive In this era of conflicting Ideologies, all groups In our country must be closely integrated socially and economically. To this end, states such as Minnesota, which are possessed of a great liberal tra dition, must take leadership In developing legislation which will effectually embody the principle of equal rights and opportunl- THIS FRIENDLY GRIN won for Little Harry Antonio Eaters, four and a half month old son of Mr. and Mrs 11. M. Esters. 691 St. Anthony Ave., last week’s Nation al Baby Award from the Aunt Mary's Birthday club of America. By winning this award, tittle Har ry' will get periodical pictures of himself made from the time he is six months old through kinder garten age. ,-i •i 1 SM. Hisr.L- .1. ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY, MARCH 18, 1949 SO',(.!> by the FEPC Hill considered by the present session of the Leg islature, will stimulate that en thusiastic Idealism which at critical periods has made Amer ica great and developed essen tial democracy In this country. The business of the Urban League meeting will consist of re ports from various committees and the annual election of new Board members. The meeting is open to all members and friends of the Urban League, but those who wish to have dinner must place their reservations by noon, Saturday, March 19th, at the Ur ban League office, AT. 1412. CONN. OUTLAWS JIM CROW IN STATE GUARD HARTFORD, CONN —Governor Chester Bowles signed Thursday a bill prohibiting racial segrega tion in the Connecticut National Guard. He used the occasion to strike out against Congressional oppo nents of President Truman's civil rights program. The Republican controlled Con necticut House adopted the na tional guard bill unanimously as had the Democratic Senate. Connecticut thus became the second state to defy the Army’s policy of requiring the enlistment of Negroes and whites in separate units. New Jersey outlawed segrega tion in its national guard when its new state constitution was ap proved. Major General Frederick J. Reincke, the state adjutant Gen eral, said he had immediately or dered all commanders to enlist men regardless of race, creed or color. Bowles hailed the new law as a “momentous step that has brought us just a little bit further towards achievement of true democracy.” Governor Luther Youngdahl has tried to find a way to open up the Minnesota state guard to all citi zens on an integrated basis. FFN! Cabaret fiance Saturday night. March 19. St. Paul Audi tortum.—ad\ t. Ludcke Praises Dr. Bunche On WTCN Broadcast A radio broadcast over station WTCN Tuesday night at 9:46 paid tribute to Ralph Bunche, UN mediator. The tribute title, "Dr. Ralph Bunche, Fighter for Peace” was given by George O. Ludcke, Jr., of the General Mills public re lations department and member of the board of the Minnesota United Nations Association. Top Ranking Diplomat Ludcke traced the life of Bunche describing him as a descendant of slaves. He said, "Someday, the fact that an outstanding man's ancestors were slaves may no longer be news-worthy. But in this year of 1949, when a Fair Employment Practices Act la having a very hard time of it in the legislature of our own state—• the fact is newsworthy that the grandfather of one of Americas' top-ranking diplomats was a slave! Ludcke called Bunche s succeaa in obtaining armistice between Israeli and Egypt was a great achievement for the United Na tions, whose representative he was. In closing his radio address Mr. Ludcke called the armistice agree ment in the Holy Land a four pronged victory; for Humanity, for the United Nations, for Min orities the world over and for Bunche. CITES FEPC FIGHT He concluded significantly, by saying, "Let me insert a note here to the members of Minnesota’s legislature, now in session on the hill in St. Paul; President Abra ham Lincoln helped Minnesota be* come a territory, one hunred years ago bueause he knew she would enter the Union as a free state. How would Old Abe have voted on the Fair Employment Prac tices Law 0 Yes, men of any race or color must have a fair oppor tunity before they can achieve great things!" MILLER IN SUDDEN „ PLEA OF GUILTY Charles Miller. 3644 Fourth Ave. So., held in Hennepin county jail for the past three weeks on $lO - bail and scheduled for trial on a chage of incest, suddenly pleaded guilty Wednesday. Miller previously pleaded not guilty and his trial had been tentatively put on the criminal calendar for Friday March 18. In his appearance before dis trict court judge John A. Weeks, the accused man changed his plea. As is customary in such instances his case was referred to the pro bation office for pre-sentence in vestigation. The case has stirred up con siderable interest because of Mil ler’s long residence in Minneapo lis. TRUCK STRIKES SIX YEAR OLD Allen Larry Clark, six year old son of Mr. and Mrs. Willis Clark. 722 Iglehart Ave., was operated on Thursday, March 17 as a result of serious injuries received when a truck struck him while on his way home from school. Larry was coming home for lunch Wednesday, March 9, when a Noel Transfer truck struck him. He was rushed to Ancker hospi tal, where he was reported to have a fractured skull and bruised left arm and knee. It was not deter mined until later, however, that an operation was necessary Mention this paper when patron Izlng advertisers. New York Women Join in College Fund Drive NEW YORK—New York women led by Mrs. Martin L. Howard are joining in the annual United Negro College Fund drive. Shown above seated left to right are Mrs. Dorothy Ander son. Mrs. IVter Marshall Murray, Mrs. Howard arid Mrs. Ethel Lotion. Standing left to right Miss Ann Bryant, Mrs. Daisy Hairston, Miss Ruth Logan Roberta and Mrs. Oladys Handy. NEALIE TRIAL ,GETS UNDER WAY NELLIE LUTCHER GETS WARM Minnesota’s frigid temperatures were too much for Songstress Nellie I.utcher who came to Minneapolis from sunny California for an en gagement at Club Carnival, one of the city's top night clubs. When the mercury plummeted to an even zero, Miss Lutcher stopped off at the showrooms of Excel Garment Company to replace her light spring coat with an alpaca-lined Sno Fo storm coat. Al Stern, Excel’s pro duction manager, adjusts the hood as Arthur Kubenstein, general man ager, offers helpful advice. Minnesota Senate Expected to Debate FEPC Bill Friday: Galleries Open •xpccted to take up the FEPC - ill Friday, March 18, at 10 a. m. Supporters of the bill are urging i-itizenfi to go to the state capitol in St. Paul to hear the debate on the bill. The Senate gallery is ex pected to be open to the public because of intense interest in the measure. Outcome of the Senate's vote nn the law for fair employment practices is expected to decide whether the House labor commit tee votes approval of the meas ure, thereby permitting House ac tion on the measure. Passage of a similar measure by the state of Washington 10 days ago aided supporters of the bill In their efforts to con vince Minnesota legislators. Fine Musical Program At Hallie Sunday Eve Appearing on the Sunday eve ning Salon at Hallie Q. Brown bouse at 8 o’clock Sunday eve ning. March 20, will be Vivian Roberts, soprano, Alice Martin, contralto, and Marcille Martin, ac companist. Vivian Roberts will sing Dance, by Rossini; Now the Sheep Secure Are Grazing, by Bach; I Wonder as I Wonder by John Ja cob Niles. Alice Martin will sing "Ave Man a' from the opera Othello, by Verdi; "Heart of My Heart" by Tschaikowsky; "My Heart at rhy Sweet Voice," from the opera Samson and Dahlia by Saint- Sacns. " Til I Wake" from the Garden jf Kama by Lawrence Hope and Action of Senator Edward Thye in Washington in supporting the Dixieerats on the filibuster issue, was a blow to the state law be cause opponents are using Thye's action on a national level In their lobbying against the bill. Senator Hubert H. Humphrey, Democrat. Joined Governor Luther Yuungdahl, Republican, in the fight in favor of a state FEPC. Humphrey in a message to the state legislature urged Minnesota to Join the vanguard of states who have enacted legislation to give minority groups wider opportunity for Jobs. Yotingdahl in each speech he makes throughout the state urges citizens to write or call their sen- ators and representatives in sup port of the FEPC bill. Woodford© - Finden; "Christopher Robin is Saying His Prayer" by Fraser-Simson. The two will appear in duets in Hear Me Norma” from the opera Norma, by Bellini; "Evening” from the opera Pique-A me, by Tschaikowsky; "By the Bend of the River,” by Clora Edwards. MRS. BESSIE NEALY ILL; BLOOD DONORS NEEDED The condition of Mrs Bessie Nealy, 578 Eighth Ave. No., who is ill is improved but she is still critical. Her sister, Mrs. Minnie Miller, is asking that all desiring to contribute blood contact her at Main 7530. The need is urgent. Mrs NeaJy is in General Hospital. Dane** sponsored by Attucks- Rrooks Saturday night. St. Paul Auditorium.—advt. PXOCIEDS SLOWLY # J Excellence is never granted to • man but as the reward of labor. It ! argues no small strength of mind to J persevere in habits of induttry with out the pleasure of perceiving those 0 advances which, like the hand of a J clock, whilst they make hourly ap proaches to their point, yet proeeed tso slowly as to escape observation. J—Sir Joehua Reynolds. The first day of the trial of the State of Minnesota vs. In man Earl Nealie opened Tuesday morning, March 15, before * courtroom crowded with spectators, showing from deep per sonal interest to plain euriosity. Nealie, 25, the defendant, is on trial for the fatal shooting of Felix Clardy, also 25, of Minneapolis, at the Treasure Inn on Sunday, February - Before a district court judge March 10. Nealie pleaded KL guilty. The Wa Ramsey grand Ju ■ i-y brought charg lof murder in the second degree l and manslaughter in the first degree NEALIE against him. All the first day of the trial and he morning of the next, the jur >rs for the case were selected, rhrough most of these proceed ngs Nealie, Immaculately dressed, lat stiffly, now and then answer ng questions asked him by his at oroey, Jerome Hoffmann. Before the trial was fully un ler way, some sentiment was RYAN BOERNER voiced by the spectators and oth ers that Nealie would possibly plead guilty to a lesser charge than those found by the grand Jury and thus possibly save the state the expense of a long trial. However, Nealle’s attorney gave no Indication that his cli ent would plead guilty to a less er charge, and so the trial com menml. By 11:45 Wednesday morning, March 16 the Jury had been select- The state, in this case, is at tempting to prove two points: (1) the necessary elements to bring a verdict of murder in the second degree and (2) tho elements to bring a verdict of manslaughter in the first degree. The difference, James Lynch, attorney for the prosecution, explained, was that second degree murder would be with the intent to kill, and man slaughter, without intent. Lynch warned the Jury that there would be conflicting stories told by the witnesses, and that It was up to them to judge by the evidence produced in court. The state began Its prosecution by introducing a drawing of the Treasure Inn, the position of the tables, chairs and the like. The state’s first witness was Walker K. Bremer, a senior engineer draftsman, who drew up the posi tion of the Treasure Inn, and ex plained it to the Jury. Bremer was questioned by Hoffmann as to the size of the tables, in order to as- Prize-JVinning Letter On "What's Wrong With Negro Minneapolis” (From Minneapolis SPOKESMAN) I’ve noted many thing, about Negroea In Minneapolis. I'm a Christian and, drat of all. I’ll take the churchea. Negroea are noted (or their folk aonga and spirituals. We should praise God through aonga, prayera, and our dally living. So don’t forget God. Modem religion la only a formality or copy from someone else. We must return to the Maker who blessed ua with spiritual talent Go to the church of your choice, and help support the Minne apolis churchea. As the Progreaalve party got under way sometime ago, we can organize ourselves Into a progreaalve club. Unleaa we take steps to progress, there’ll always be something wrong with Minneapolis Negroea. White supremacy has hung over the Negroes’ heads long enough. We started from scratch and have progressed thua far; surely we can go further. We must put our heeds to the grill and cooperate to fight for equality, leadership and a firm voice. In Minneapolis, Negroes call the Minneapolis Urban League or Cecil Newman for jobs, and they place them In good, respectable places such as a department store, secretarial work, and the like. But some of them don’t do the best work they can, so sooner or later they sre looking for another Job. The point la, the Negro cries about equality, FEPC, racial preju dice, end some of them never get In the unions, Industries, small busi ness groups and strive to reach a goal. The thing to do la forget about "Mr. Big” and "Mr. Little Eyes” and other races would see a tre mendous Improvement. Points of Interest for Improvement: X. Get with a Job, or Arm, and do the beat you can; “atlck with It” 2. Cooperate with one another in the buaineaa by "helping ana another." 3. Strive to go forward regardleaa of how we hare been puabad around. 4. Progreaa and cooperate with the MlnneapoUa Urban League, Cecil Newman. NAACP, Phyllia Wheatley Houae. 5. Act orderly when out In public and In your naifbboaboad. 6. Above all. reapect your fellowraan. MRS. JUDSON PHILLIPS, 4146 Third Avtfuaa S. $4 00 a Year, 10 Cents Per Copy JAMES LYNCH certain whether or not a person could see over the seats. A second witness was Roy C. Heron, physician and surgeon, and chief deputy coroner for Ram sey county, who examined Clar dy’s body at the morgue. It was testified by him that Clardy died from loss of blood caused by five punctures in his body; that these punctures were caused by four bullets which entered Clardy*s body In four different placee, and one which went through his body. Heron, who called the bullets one, two, three and four, stated that bullet one went through the head and brain, bullet two through the left side of the face, three through the back, puncturing the lungs and heart, and four through the spine from the back. At the close of the hearing Wednesday afternoon, March It, the state was attempting to es tablish the position of Clardy's body when shot, and the possibili ty of Instant death. The attorney for the defense established that < lardy was slightly above normal in height, weight and was muscu lar and well built. It was believed by some that the attorney for the defeaee would conduct his questioning so as to establish self defense by Nealie. The state’s attorney Is reported (Continued on page 6) Joe’s Rendezvous Open Sundays 1 to 8 p. m. Joe's Rendezvous, 927 Cedar Avenue, will be open for Sunday dinner, from 1 p.m. to 8 p m. ac cording to announcement made this week by the management. The popular eating establish ment Is well staffed for courteous service and all are Invited to bring their families for dinner, the management said.