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St. Paul recorder. [volume] (St. Paul, Minn.) 1934-2000, September 14, 1951, Image 1

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Hinn. Hlstorlsal Soc.
Mail subscribers to this newspaper re- A A man who is furnished with arguments
siding within the city limits should re- /'■—itVkWi -/*' \ from the Mint, will convince his antagon-
much sooner than one who draws them
post office on each Thursday night and WW Z/v _____ ____ fr " m Rc<u ’ on an<l Philosophy. Gold Is a
under ordinary conditions should reach d M /< / C wonderful clearer of the understanding; it
subscribers on Friday. Whenever ■ I M L-L ■d V M V ifl M ■ ■ IIA ■ jV ■)■ dissapates every doubt and scruple in an
pap. r are not ,j -n Friday, subsen- L ■ HJ Jfl HJ ,c instant; accomodates itself to the meanest
Urs should phone Midway 8340 and a copy L ■ M —< 'W ■ ■ ■yl/jIB \llß !■ !■ ]■’Hnl)/ caprices; silences the loud and clamorous,
paper Will be delivered at the k W ■ ■ ■ I «■!]■'■ VgUB 11 M . w and brings over the most obstinate and in-
earhest possible minute.—Publisher. JJB(B | i JML.\B<iMLJI sB'W-BJy M-J .B. flexible.—Addison.
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EIGHTEENTH YEAH. NO. 6 Mid wav 8340 ST. PALL. MINNESOTA. FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 14 1951 I HiBUIRMM I Midway 8340 $4.00 Per Year ■lO Cento Per Copy
- ■ ■ - ■■■• —— I—aociir*1 —aociir* | ■-
Blacks, Whites Live In
Terror, Mistrust, In South
Africa’s Largest Commutity
Editor's Note:
Sooner or later the western democracies must face up to the
problem of Africa as well as Asia. The Far East today takes
most of the attention, but there is smouldering in Africa a strong
nationalism stirred In many quarters by the Communists, hut
more important by the sincere yearning of the Africans for free
dom. and the sharing in that continents great wealth.
TIME Magazine's September 3 edition, contained an article
from the pen of one of its South African correspondents, Alexan
der Campbell which tells of the fear, murder, terror which besets
both white and black in Johannesburg, South Africa's largest
city, which we reprint here. It is worth reading and pondering
over by Americans everywhere:
By Alexander Campbell in TIME
This spring week in .Johannesburg the flowering plums
were massed with pink after a hard winter. But I found that
in South Africa’s Golden City you can’t have even a haircut
without bumping into erime.
'l’lie barber was a big man (280 lbs.) with strong hands
and a voice as soft as the plum blossoms.
“Caught a coon trying to break I '
into my house last night.'' he said
“What did you do?”
“I heard the bedroom window
go up I'm big but I move light.
This kaffir had his head in the
window I banged it down on his
neck ” The strong hands gently
adjusted the angle of my head.
“He hung there,” he went on
stolidly "When a policeman ar
rived this nig's tongue was hang
ing out His face was yellow. The
polo ■ man said if we left him an
other five minutes, he'd be dead I
said. 'Ag, man, then you'll charge
me with killing a coon.’ He said
he wouldn't and only the two of
us would know.”
“So what happened?”
“Oh. we let him out.” said the
barber But we beat him up. A
hurt kaffir stays a good kaffir
for a whil
I-a.st week, all Dutch Reformed
churches held special prayers for
South Africa's 18,000 policemen,
whose main job is to keep kaffirs
good kaffirs. No policemen needed
the prayer more than the 4.000
who patrol the Gold Reef. Said the
Rand Daily Mail: “As he padlocks
his front door tonight, every Reef
householder will echo the prayers
and then make sure his revolver
is handy at his bedside. .
Under The Pillows
Johannesburg has always been
a rowdy place. It began as a min
ing camp. But as the city has
grown throwing up tall buildings
and s. ndmg a tide of suburban
hones rolling across the sur
rounding veld, crime has grown
with it Today, the city's 350,000
Whites fear its 500.000 natives;
and this fear is reciprocated.
Johannesburg is probably the
tensest city in the world to live
in Altitude (5,750 feet) and glare
(Johannesburg gets mote sun
shine than the Riviera) increase
the tension. The dry air crackles
with fear.
White JohanneaburgerH barri
cade their homes at night, do not
venture out in the evenings except
in cars, and kts*p revolvers and
rifles handy.
They also keep watchdogs, the
fier. ■ r the better: usually Dober
mans . r great Danes. Every white
Johannesburger is ready to dial
“30” i for the Flying Squad > at
sign of trouble To whites, be
tween 300 and 400 firearm
licenses are granted every month
The most popular weapon with
the pistol-under-the-pillow pop
ulation is a 25 automatic.
No white South African will
suffer mon- than a fine if he
shoots "a native,” under any cir
cumstances. If the native is a
housebreaker, the white wont
suffer at all.
Last year a white girl.seeking
dir«<t r.s in Pretoria marched
up to the front door of a house
It was early evening half dusk
Th'- householder saw a shadowy
figur- through the frosted glass
pane- ' ’he fr nt door, seized a
rifle and fired. The girl was kill
ed Ar. early morning milkman
suff-r.d the same fate not long
aft-r There was some tutting
about too reckless use of fire
arm- but that was all
Behind The Barricade
This week and last, Johannes- ;
burg ■ run* touched a new high
Incer- -1 by th< increase in rapes
murd- ■ assaults and burglaries
white, have demanded longer
pr- ■ - ■
der« re corporal punishment,
ruor pul I
lie hangings The South African
Institute of Race Relations takes j
a diff- rent view This week is de- ;
dared Thousands of non-Euro- |
pear . b- < .I’l-se th- y have b- en un
able to see any prospects of bet
tering themselves socially or econ- .
Talent Parade at Phyllis I
Wheatley House Friday night. ’
Sept It SIOO m prizes, grand en
tertainment Tickets only $1
Cleveland Girl
Is Urban League
Secretary Of Year
Alice G. Collum. Cleveland Ur
ban League was the “Urban
League Secretary of the Year".
Placing second and third in the
< A v
contest was Adelia S. Andrews of
the Los Angeles Urban League
and Edith L Gomes, Providence
Urban League.
I The National League Staff j
Winner was Ruth Allen King of
New York who won an all expense I
i trip to St. Paul and a combina
i tion phonograph radio console.
! The secretarial staff of the I
national la-ague did not partici- I
pate in the "Urban League Sec-
i retary of the Year" contest, but it
was decided that the staff person •
from the national office who sold
the most votes would receive a
special award.

St. Paul NAACP Meets
Tuesday; To Plan To
Hold Sunday Forums
: The St. Paul branch of the
NAACP will hold its monthly
meeting next Tuesday evening.
Sept 18. in the undercroft of st.
; Phillips church, corner of Mac-
■ kubin and Aurora at 8 p m.
Arrangements will be made at
I this meeting to start a series of
Sunday Forums to be held in the i
different churches and community :
Each forum will feature a I
prominent speaker on varied im- I
portant areas of community life i
which will b- announced by Sam
uel Reed at Tuesday nights meet-
■ ‘ng.
Th-- board of the branch is ask
ing that all members of the I
branch be present Tuesday night
Various committees will be named i
to help build up local inter- st m
Friends Gather For Luncheon For Bill Seabron
’-’“dfe o . - <■ fwSWI
JLiO'-V ■' »
George \\ Robinahek, member » xecutivc dir»-« tor of th' I>* t roit | ford E Ru< kner U Mil ton Bar-| non executive secretary. St Louis
of the Minneapol.s Urban Leagu* Urban League. [ ber * xecutivr »*•< retary Denver, Urban League; Shelton Granger
board and retired manufacturer Shown m the above Sifford l Urban League. Chas D n* w E xecutive ae< r» tary. Minn*-
gav»* a luncheon for WJiiam iSt u photo eated are Tai- Fiat. Whitney Young >• <r» tary, ap »Ls Urban league and Rin -■••II
Bill’ St abron Friday Sept 7 at i n sg»* B Carey Samuel L Omaha Urban League William Myera executive dire< tor St Paul
the Standard Club in Minn*-apo- Schemer C» <il N«wman Mr Crate Judson Bemis Henry Council on Human Relation* Two
Its. Seabron is the former indua-| Robitshek. the host. Bill Seabron, | Thomas Phil Kruidnier Aahby ; other guests. Rev Daisuke Kita
tnal Secretary of the Minneapolis Wilfn* 1 Leland Marshall Dei bold Gaskin.- Percy Villa. Arthur | gawa and Frank Fager wen* not
■.i . :
istrative assistant to John Dancy left to right; R A Skinner. Clif-| Jonas G Schwartz. Leo Bohan-|
Maxwell Story Is
Three Sides And
A Long Footnote
There are three sides, and a
footnote, to Stephen L Maxwell's
Maxwell, w-ho is 30 years old, is
a special agent for the enforce
ment division of the Office of
Price Stabilization in the St. Paul
district office.
He is also a diligent student at
the St. Paul College of Law
where he expects to got his de- j
gree a couple of years hence.
And in his spare moments, he’s
kept busy at home with two en
ergetic young sons.
The footnote is that all his
bosses say he's doing a first class
job in his three roles.
Maxwell is built and trained
for his three-sided life. Six feet
tall and husky, he was graduated
from St. Paul Central high school
in 1939 and attended the Univer
sity of Minnesota for more than
a year. He received his Bachelor
of Arts degree from Morehouse
College, Atlanta. Ga . in August.
1942 and then went into the U.
S. Coast Guard
He served as a pharmacist mate
in the Coast Guard for two years,
nine months and 21 days and de
cided that when he became a civ
ilian again he would study medi
. He spent a year, from October.
1946 until June. 1947 as a pre
medical student at the Univer
sity of Minnesota but then decided
that he would continue with bus
iness in which he received his B
A. degree. He went to work for
the Bureau of Internal Revenue,
was an accountant at the St. Paul
municipal auditorium and was ap
pointed to his OPS position July
30. 1951. He has been a law stu
dent since September. 1949 and he
hopes to practice law when he
1 receives his degree. While medi-
cine interested him. he thinks now
that his business training com
bined with a law degree will
bring him a more satisfactory
position later.
His OPS supervisors. Harry A.
Sieben, district director, and Paul
A. Thuet. enforcement director,
say that he is doing "an excellent
job" He is getting along fine
with his law books too, and his
sons. Stephen, seven years old.
and Rodney, one. also approve the
job he is doing with them.
Maxwell is married to the for
mer Betty Virginia Rodney of
Duluth and they own their home
at 882 Carroll Ave St Paul
He is a member of Alpha Phi
Alpha fraternity and Lt (jg) in
the Naval Reserve serving as a
supply officer of Organized Sur
face Division 9-116. Navy Island.
St. Paul.
Mrs Meredith Howell, 971 St.
Anthony Ave . St. Paul, an active
member of the Urban League
Guild, has been a member of the
St. Pau! district OPS staff since
At the regular membership
meeting of the Minneapolis
Branch NAACP. on Sunday. Sep
tember 16. William Cratic, branch
president, will give the highlights
of the successful national NAACP
conference in Atlanta. Georgia
John Culver, secretary of the St
Paul Branch, will also speak brief
ly on the meeting which attracted
national attention because it up
set many of Atlanta's rigid pat
terns of segregation
Everyone interested in finding
out what the NAACP is doing, is
invited to attend this September
16 meeting at Phyllis Wheatley-
House at 3:30 p. m.
Meets Uncle A Long Way From Minnesota I
Minneapolis Boy Scout James Breeden, whose final account of his
trip to the Scout World Jamboree at Bad Ischl. Austria, is published
in this edition, is shown with his uncle. John F. Thomas, a director of (
the International Relief at Munich. Germany. John Thomas, a native
if Minneapolis, is well known in Minnesota, having graduated from the j
University of Minnesota and served in many responsible posts in thia
area. Young Breeden’s final story on his trip to Austria appears on
page two of this edition.
The 57th annual communication of the Most Worshipful Prince (
Hall Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Minnesota and its
jurisdiction will convene for two days in Minneapolis on September (
18 and 19
Sessions will be held at Phyllis Wheatley House with Anchor
Hilyard Ltalge No 2 of Minneapolis as host Hobart T Mitchell is
master of that lodge. ,
Grand Master Charles D. Doty will preside over the annua! grand
lodge sessions.
Grand lodge officials report delegates will be in attendance from
Canada, South Dakota and Minnesota.
Horn & Simmons
Sued For $75,000
By J. T. Wardlaw
(‘harles L. Horn, Minnoapo
lis industrialist and a pioneer
in providing better jobs for
Minn»*snta Negroes and John
Simmons, r-etirin’j president of
the Minneapolis I’rban League
were named co-defendants Wed
nesday. Sept. 12. in a suit filed
by James T. Wardlaw. former ex
ecutive secretary of the Minne
apolis Urban League.
Wardlaw cnarges in his allega
tion that H<»rn and Simmons an*
responsible for his losing his job
as executive secretary and is su
ing for $75,000 as damages
Several months ago Ward law
started action against the Minne
apolis Urban League for alleged
violation of contract.
The defendants have twenty
days to file a reply.
Simmons was given a testimon
ial banquet Thursday night at the
Flotel Nicollet prior to his leav
ing Minneapolis to live in North
Hollywood. Calif.
Charles Horn whose firm op
erates Twin C’ties Arsenal is in
New York His marriage to Miss
Alice Robertson, secretary-treas
urer of Federal Cartridge Corp,
was announced Sept. 11.
Fashion Review Presented
By St. James Church
St. James < hur< h. Pah* and
West Central will present the
Fall Fashion Review on Monday
September 17
Come out and «ee the lovely
models in the latest fall and win
ter fashions as they parade to
soft music
Se» the latest m furs courtesy
of Rosen-Engulson
Donation. 85 cents advt.
Training At
Camp Roberts

’ -•<- ? J
David L Edwards Jr., of Min
neapolis. Minn., has been assigned
t<> Camp Roberts California to be
g n his military training
Pvt Edwards, whose father
David Edwards. Sr. resides at ,
2314 10th Ave. So. Minneapolis. ’
has been assign**<l to Company C’ ■
48th Armored Infantry Battalion
7fh Armord division at Camp
Nell KuaseU'a column from New
York arrived late and is therefore
rot in its usual plac* on page
three It will be found n pag* 5
this Week
Reni»-mtMT the t rhaii la-ague
Guild I Ith Anniv«-rs.trs T* i Sun
day, SeptenilM-r 23.—A<ht.
Lawrence McCoy" ’
Postal Employee
Dies Suddenly
Lawrence H. McCoy, 54. 288 N.
Avon. St. Paul, well known St.
Paul postal employee, died sud
denly at 515 p. m. Tuesday.
September 11 at St. Joseph's hos
A short time before his death
his wife, Cecil Eastman McCoy ,
had visited him and he was in
good spirits and expecting to be
taken home. Mrs. McCoy left the ,
hospital at 4.10 p. in. When she
arrived home a police squad car
was waiting to inform her of her j
husband's death and rush her -
back to the hospital. ,
McCoy underwent an operation ,
September 4 and his condition had ,
improved to the extent that doc
tors had planned to release him to 1
go home in a day or two. An (
i autopsy revealed death was due |
to a blood clot.
Mr. McCoy was a native of St.
Paul. He attended Mechanics Arts
high school and Macalester col- 1
lege He saw overseas service in 1
World War I. Next month, in Oc- 1
tober. he would have completed !
31 years as a clerk in the St. 1
Paul post office.
He was a member of Gopher
Lodge of Elks. Ijeslie Lawrence 1
Post of the American L<-gion and 1
the Sterling Club.
Services were held Thursday '
morning at 10 a. m. at St. Phil- 1
lips Episcopal church with Rev I
Denzil Carty officiating.
Survivors include his wife, a ■
brother. Walter McCoy of Min- 1
neapidis, three nephews and a 1
Brooks Funeral Home had I
charge of burial arrangements. 1
Interment was in the National 1
Cemetery at Fort Snelling.
Grand Matron OES
Announces Names Of ,
Committee Heads
Committee chairman for the :
i 26th annual Grand Sessions of the
Minnesota Grand Chapter o£ the
Order of Eastern Stars, Prince
Hall affiliation, have been an
nuonced by the worthy grand
matron Mabel Harris.
Sessions will be hold at Hallie
y. Brown House, St. Paul. Sep
l tember 20 and 21, beginning at
8.30 a. m
: Chairmen include. Credentials,
; Lucille Shivers; Visitors. Emma
Grimes; Grand Officers Addres
| Hes. Ardelia Allen; Jurisprudence.
| Carrie Dozier; Annual Returns,
i George Banks Sr.; Appeals and
| Grievances, Earl Slins; Bills and
I Finance. Fern Helm; Charters and
I Dispensations, Do La Faucette;
j Auditing James R. Lynn; Obit
| uaries, Pearl Fitzgerald. Ways
land Means. Fern Helm; Hospital
: ity, Wilsie White; Resolutions, J
IW Junell, Foreign Correspond
i - nee, Effie Ijirkins, Housing.
Hazel Allen. Program Kab- Nkil
I Sunshine, Vassie Perkins
The Eastern Stars will take
part in the joint Masonic Memor
ial services at Border Methodist,
September 17, in Minneapolis
Jaycees To Hold
Luncheon In Honor
Of Gov. Youngdahl
A farewell luncheon honoring
Governor Luther W Youngdahl
will be given Wednesday noon.
September 19. at the Minnesota
Terrace. Hotel nicolle.t Jack Dodd,
pres dent of the Minneapolis
Junior Chamber of Commerce,
which is sponsoring this event,
says. "The general public is in
vited to attend this even and give
Governor Youngdahl a rousing
send-off to his new job as Judge
of the U S. District Court. Dis
trict of Columbia
“This luncheon is an opportun
ity for the people of Minnesota to
show their appreciation for the I
! excellent services Governor
J Youngdahl has rond« red this state
in his various official capacities
|An outsfai ding progrim has b• n I
■ arranged
I Tickets priced at $lB5 for ,hl ''
| luncheon ere now available at ,
Billy and Malt . 609 Marquetti 1
Downtown Tick-1 Office. North
western Bank Building, and the
Llayce. Office at 838 Metropolitan
‘Lib- Building They may also be
! punhamd at the Nicollet Terrace
! Wedn-sday noon
Former Lorraine
Morris Is Nurse
At Vet’s Hospital
The first Negro nurse at th
Fort Snelling Veteran s hospital
is Mrs Isirraine Byron, the for- j
;nn r O.rrame Horn-
Mrs Byron came here to join
the staff after her husband Den
’a! Corps Major Hubert Huiry
‘ Byron went back into active army
-crvice He heaibi an army dental
< linic at Camp Pickett, Va.
j Mrs Horns is living with her
i parents. Mr and Mrs James Hor
j ns 3121 18th Ave So , Minneapo
Youngdahl Orders End To
Discrimination At St. Cloud
Reformatory After Probe
By Ed Blackwell
Governor Luther *1 oungduhl ordered all race diserithiua
tiou to stop at the St. (’loud Reformatory at once. The order to
stop .Jim (Tow practices at the institution was the result of an
investigation by the Governor ’s Interraeial Commission which
substantiated the charges made by inmates and former inmates
that flagrant discrimination exists at St. Cloud.
In his directive to Carl Jack- •
son, Director of State Institutions, i
Youngdahl said that he agreed i
wholeheartedly with the recom
mendations in the Interracial ,
Commission’s report. (
"You are of course familiar I
with our relentless battle against |
discrimination in employment and
tn other areas in this state,” he ,
said. ,
"The state should se* an ex- i
ample In this program. We should I
not, and will not. tolerate, there
fore. discrimination in state in- i
stitutions or other activities of 1
state government ” Youngdahl
declared. i
The findings of the committee
revealed that there are approxi
mately 40 Negro inmates in the ‘
institution and that they were
housed in a separate cell block
and were not assigned to all de
The placement officer, Mr. ,
Johnson told the members of the
commission that the attitude of
department heads was a control
ling factor In the case of the Ne
gro inmates, but that he would
Initiate an open policy If given ad
ministrative backing. i
II B. Whittier, warden of the
reformatory stated that the policy
of racial segregation was the
wishes of the Negro inmates Fol
lowing the investigation by the
commission it was learned that
a letter had been circulated
among the Negro inmates stating
that they (Negroes) wanted the
policy of race discrimination to
continue and that they were "sat
Report Repudiate* Whittier
Stand On Race
The Commission's report said.
“No other racial group is segrega
ted Indians. Mexicans. Orientals
and others are thoroughly inte
grated. Only Negroes are segre
gated The allegation that "They
want it that way" is riot substan
tiated by the testimony of inmates
since they have no choice in the
matter In the shops, playgrounds,
where all mingle, there is no pro
During the lunch period, Negro
inmates are seated with the shop
that they work in. And it was
learned by the commission that
one of the threats used by the
guards to the white inmates is.
you'll be placed over in Harlem
One of the inmates interviewed
said, "You just don't object to
things here."
It was also revealed that seg
regation involves the YCC pro
gram The YCC boys are separa
ted from the rest of the inmates
and enjoy certain privileges not
enjoyed by the other Inmates and
live "dormitory” style The guard
of the YCC dormitory stated that
there wer no Negroes in the dor
mitory. Subsequent investigation
that a Negro in “C" block was a
YCC and had requested to be
transferred to the dormitory, but
he was still in “C".
The Commission's report stated
that inmates are given an oppor
tunity to list vocation and shop
preference during the induction
hut that Negroes were restricted
On< Runs Interference Two of the men in this picture are
students and one is a heckler on the sidelines. The students are
Stephen Maxw«ll. Sr 882 Carroll Ave, St. Paul, who is a speotal
agent in the enforcement division of the St. Paul District Office of
Pnce Stabilization, and his son. Stephen Jr., 7 years old. and a grade
school pupil. The father is an OPS staff member by day and a stu
dent at the St. Paul School of Law at night The heckler is Rodney
Maxwell, the, one-year-old son of Mr and Mrs Stephen Maxwell Sr.,
who livens up the study periods with a little playful teasing.—Buzz
Brown photo.
from shops wen- generally as
signed the least desirable jobs.
The conclusion of the commis
sion report says that the practice
of Hu e discrimination is the key
to much of the ills that the Ne
gro inmates are subjected to.
It recommended that the hous
ing of all Negroes in "C" block
should be discontinued and that
no distinctions should be made
between Negro YCCs and other
YCCs And that vocational oppor
tunities should be made available
to Negro inmates on the same
basis as for other inmates In all
departments of the institution.
Alice Onque To
Be Women's Day
Speaker Sept. 16
Mrs. Alice Onque. head resident
of Hallie Q Brown House, will be
principal speaker for the Annual
Women's Day service of St. Peter
AME church, Sunday. September
16. at 11 a. m. The services will
be at the church’s temporary lo-
J-' >BM
. ■ •..-■ZaMI
Li -.
cation. Bryant Junior high school,
Third Ave. So. and 38th St.
An evening program to be held
at 4 p. m„ will consist of a
"Musical and Literary hour.”
Committee chairmen are as fol
lows: program. Mrs. Wynona
Simmons; co-chairman. Louraine
Chivers; music. Dorothy Sima;
co-chairman, Hallie Ewing Other
> hairmen are Mrs Allie Wilson,
finance, Miss Eunice Leverette.
d' < orations, and Mrs Viola Mad
den and Thelma Wade, publicity.
Mrs Flossie Harris is assisting
the general chairman, Mrs Har
riet C. Jones.
Joint Memorial services are
planned for Monday night, Sep
tember 17 at 8 p m by the Prince
Hall Masons of the Twin Cities at
Border Methodist church The
Masons will be joined tn the ob
servant- by members of the Order
of Eastern Star of Prince Hall
The memorial services are open
to the public. whi< h is cordially

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