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ST. PAUL RECORDER
"An Independent Newspaper" Established Autru.t I*. I*l4, by Cecil K. Nutrman Published Kv.ry Friday by Spokssmon-Recordar Publish in* Co. In. tit Nswton Bulldln*. <JS7 Mlnne.oU ) Hi Paul 1. Minnesota Minneapolis Office: Sl4 Third Avenue South., Minneapolis 18, Minn ________ ________ Midway *<4o SUBSCRIPTION MATES Minnesota. North and South Dakota, on* yeaP-fT.p*; sta months. s2.to. All other states $5.00 per year; six months st.oo. AH mall sn&rrlpttons pay able strictly In advance. f (|$ i Cecil m. Newman * ./*4l|or-Publlsbar Do Velma Newman Corporation Secretary Robert Jones Advertising Cerlli Chi vers Sales j.aale .Shepard Social A Personal News Gloria Wllkerson Jimmie Griffin Sports Cheater W. Patterson Advertlslns New Tork Correspondent: Nell Dodson Busesll, II Jumsl Terrace, New Tork, N. T. —Sioux Palls, 8. D. Correspondent, Mrs. DanContes. »10 No. liable, Sioux Palla 8. D. National Advertlslns Representatives ASSOCIATED PUBLISHERS, Inc., II West 40th 8t„ New Tork 10, N. V.—Clilcnso Office: lit W. Washlns ten, Chlcaso >, Illinois. News Services: Associated Ne*ro Press and Continental Pastures Membert Mlaaeaeta Kdltorlsl Association Member! National Newspaper Publishers Aeseelatlea nils newsDSDer assumes no responsibility for unsolicited manuscripts, phVtos or enVrsvlnxs. Such Vre eubmltted at the owner s risk. The RECORDER believes no man should be denied the right to eon tribute Me beet to humanity. Aa long as that right Is denied any naan, no maa'e righto are safe. FRIDAY ,-MARCH-6,-1963 Job Gains Mean More Responsibility Much of the progress of the Minnesota Negro in recent years has been in the area of placement and job opportunity. While the Negro still faces discrimination in employment moat of the major firms as shown by last week’s issue of this newspaper are giving the Negro an increasing opportunity to work at hia highest skill. Today Negroes are moving into job areas with the full welcome of employers and unions. The elaborate preparations and safeguards for the introduction of Negro workers is no longer as necessary as It was, say for example, in IMI. The Negro worker in the years ahead will stand or fall on hia own, aa an individual employe. Hecausc many of them will come north, from areas where educational advantages are meagre, they will of course have some problems of ad justment and training for some years to come. This should not be true of the Minnesota-born Negro who should be, and in many eases is, able to move into employment areas heretofore closed to the race without much difficulty. While need for the safeguard* of which we wrote are disappearing Negroes will continue to have problems in some areas of job opportunity until more of them are employed in the area of management where they work close to firm policy-makers. The best start along this line is in personnel and the employment fields. So far ns we know only two Negroes are employed in a Minnesota concerns personnel department and both of them are at the Federal Cartridge Corp., operated Twin Cities Arsenal. In the manufacturing areus where unions have contracts the labor organizations, industrial and craft unions can do a job seeing that their Negro members get a even shake but in the non-unionized areas only management, can help such • workers. Just as important is the fact that, there is mu A work to be done within the group of our colored fellow citizens for the tremendous opportunities ahead will go to those who are best prepared. This is a job for the Urban League, the churches, the civic and fraternal groups and the alert in dividual citizen. The more progress a race makes, the more responsibility it has as a group and aa individuals. Negroes in leadership positions must begin to eouusel moss workers on the need of making time, less absenteeism, personal-hygiene end good job attitudes to maintain the gnins our workers are making. The alert International Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters in the past few months has concentrated on keeping ita membership alert to their duties as employes. The union insists that ita members be punctual, do their work well and cooperate with management in giving the public good service at all times. The union refuses to defend employes who are derelict in their duty. The BSCP is wise. It has secured a good contract which makea the sleeping ear men good wage earners—earning on their jobs more income than many government employes and plenty of private industry people. The BSCP wants the good wages, the good conditions it has secured for the Pullman porters to continue. The best way to do it it believes, is to build in sach of its members a sense of their duty to their job on the theory that job efficiency and good job performance strength ens the position of the union when its officials are at the bargaining table with management. That makes sense. Give to the Red Cross The Red Cross is now conducting its annual drive for money to carry on its very important work. Readers of this paper who are usually most generous in support of worthy causes are urged this year to give a larger amount to the Red Cross. One reason is that the Red CrosH must expand its overseas work among our military and nationals stationed in foreign countries. The other very important reason is thst the Red Cross must process the valuable drug gamma globulin in preparation for the dread polio epidemics which break out each summer. This project alone will require the Red Cross to spend $7,000,000. Lets all of us who live here in the Twin Cities where polio has struck so often, do our bit to help the Red Cross do its job this year. By adding a few dollars to our last year's con tribution we will be saving some human being from suffering or much worse. Influence for Good Government There «re many useful organizations in Minnesota but there is one which is uniguely useful in the area of government improvement by political action. The organization to which we refer is the League of Women Voters of Minnesota which eonatantly attracts the admiration of those who believe in and seek good government. Thia newspaper knows of no other organization which so carefully operates hi non-partisan fashion in the important area of political action for the betterment of both state and local government. The league attempts first, with good results to acquaint ita membera with government and its functions. It studies the framework of all branches of government seeking first a thorough knowledge of what makes government tick. It haa no axes to grind except to support those measures which “Don’t be a litter hug. Travel in comfort, but don’t make it uncomfortable for others.’’ it feels in its wisdom are the best for the most people. In the years this newspaper has observed the League of Women Voters in action, it has never seen it depart from its non-partisan stand, giving all candidates opportunity to have their views heard on the issues. It religiously follows the same course in evaluating proposed legislation. Early in the life of the league there was a disposition of the professional politicians to scoff at the “women” and often to try to brush off league members who went to court house and state eapitol to lobby for measures which the league had decided were worthy of support. We can well understand why some politicians don’t want the league taking such an interest in government and legislation. The league has always had in its membership many well trained women who often have been better informed about issues then the men who make our laws. This knowledge often has made some of our city council mem bers, county commissioners and legislators rather uneasy. An example of the high purpose of the league has been its advocacy during th last three sessions of the legislature of FKPC now called ROM. The league membership made a study of the effects of employment discrimination and found that the cost was large, both to the minority group members discriminated against, and to the whole of society. The league then went on record as favoring FEPC and since that time has worked unceasingly to help pass a state FEPC law. This newspaper believes the almost overwhelming per centage of persons in the state as revealed by the Minnesota Poll who now favor FEPC is due to a large measure to the work of the League of Women Voters. The last report which showed that 84% of Minnesotans favor FEPC is due to some extent we believe to the intelligent, resourceful campaign which the league and other interested organizations have Esgde in educating the Minnesota public of the waste of employment discrimination. If and when Minnesota enacts an FEPC law, much of the credit will go to the league which has carried on a splendid campaign to get the measure approved. Their latest printed piece “Employment of Merit and Your Business” signed by 20 leading industry and business leaders is a fine contribution to good government and should be read by every business man who has doubts that FEPC is needed in this state or who thinks such a law would cause confusion. For the second time in six years we bow in the direction of the fine, intelligent women who make up the membership and leadership of the League of Women Voters. In our book they are all really honeys. Tims For Reading Heard frequently are atatementa from men and women deploring the fact that they do not have time to read. Obviously we all manage to find time for the things we moat enjoy, but we still think there Is a good deal of sincerity In the plaints aforesaid. As a matter of plain fact, these are days and times in which it la almost superlatively easy to find entertainment and activity of a sort for leisure time without much effort. Radio and television, for example, call for no more than the flip of a switch and little adjust ments of dials and controls. Movies are available always without much trouble. There are records, and so on and on. It la far beside the point to cast any blame on the mechanical means of entertainment and education. They are facts and their virtues are many. For all that, however, the Individual lacks something necessary for his continued development unless he reads, ponders and cornea to fresh conclusions on the basis of his own study interpreted In the light of hia own knowledge and experience. Careful, serious reading also ordinarily means that one gets away from others for a time, and that ia a useful exercise always and especially in the midst of a way of life such as ours. Even the busiest person can usually snatch as much as 15 or 30 minutes a day for reading and, If even such brief interuldes of It are made routine. It ia surprising how much ground you can cover and how much stimulation you can get. Maybe it la not as essy to read as It used to be, but it is possible and may be good for anything that may ail you. Even brief breaks In the rush are helpful, physically, mentally and spiritually. -Com. mercUl Appeal (Memphis) Ethiopia in Korea Reports from Korea tell of the heroism and tough, tenacious fighting qualities of an Ethiopian battalion serving the United Nations cause. There is something stirring In the thought of soldiers from Halle Selassie's country going halfway across the world to help In a collective stand against aggression. How different the course of history might hsve been if the free world had taken a comparable stand at the time of Mussolini's Ethiopian aggression. It is not surprising to read of the daring courage of these dusky fighters, but we are particularly struck by the reported remark of one American captain who spent some time with the Ethiopian battalion: You know what they do when they go on pass to Tokyo? "rtiey spend all day going to the museums, looking at the sights, and listening to the opera all the things good little American boys should but don't do. Though there may be more “good little American boys'' with a taste for learning than this sardonic comment admits, it at least should give pause to anyone who tends to dismiss Ethiopian heroism as merely the recklessness of “savages." In the perspective of history It will be the black shirts of Mussolini's gangsters rather than the black face# of Haile Selassie's warriors that will stand out aa the badge of barbarism. — Christian Science Monitor We like the one about the old fellow, $0 years old, who boasted that he didn’t have an enemy In the world because he had out-lived them all. It takes about that long. — Dakota County TRIBUNE Riches are aot aa ead of life, bat aa Investment of Hfo.—Henry Ward Beecher. 1 Letters To The Editor j SAYS Wt AM TOO! Of 810 BUSINSSS Editor: While my wife and myself liked your Negro Progreae edition we disagreed with one another on whether your paper is becoming a tool of Big Business. She says, no, but I’m unconvinced. She thinks your paper is still a truly liberal sheet. I don’t We have depended on your paper for years as a weekly which would speak out against the Interests which rob and pillage our nation of its wealth, leaving the little fellow only the dribbling*. There was a time when I could depend on your paper to speak out but in recent years it has spent too much time praising the business interests, the wealthy and others of their ilk. My wife does not agree with my feelings in this matter but I think I am right. —Mr. A Mrs. JLN.—Minneapolis. Editor's Note: The basic philosophy of this paper has not changed since 1834, when it was founded. It does not inveigh against business because it is big or unions because they are big. Bigness alone does not in our mind constitute evil. This paper has not departed from its policy of calling “a spade a spade" or defending the weak against the strong. Many of the abuses of which it complained years ago when subscriber JLN first became a reader have been cured, and it may be that because we do not find it necessary to refer to those abuses Reader JLN sees us turning into a “tool." We are for prosperous business and industry for today that means prosperous workers and business support of this newspaper makes it possible for it to serve the needs of its readers. If Reader JLN has seen any evidence of this paper being a "tool that’s more than many other readers have apparent ly observed. NEW YORK POLICE ON THE SPOT The allegation that New York City’s police officials had an agreement with the Department of Justice to permit the former to handle cases of police brutality involving civil rights has the big metropolis in a dither. These charges of collusion are alarming, not only so far as New York City is concerned, but because we have no way of knowing that similar arrangements haye not been consummated between the Justice Department and other large cities of the country. It is obviously ridiculous that the police of any city should be permitted by agreement to investigate their own violations of civil rights—even a city with the good record enjoyed by New York in the area of race relations. Mayor Impellitteri of New York has denied knowledge of any such agreement. Police Commissioner George P. Monaghan has echoed him, and it is just possible that both are telling the truth. Many things go on in every department or bureau of govern ment unknown to the administrator, and the good record of both the Mayor and police commissioner of New York with regard to racial integration and fairplay makes one reluctant to jump at conclusions. The allegations and charges certainly call for the most rigid examination, both by the Federal Government and interested groups in New York, in order to establish the truth or falsity of the com plaints. It is very embarrassing to New York City to be investigated by the Federal Government in relation to this issue, but it is not nearly as bad as having arrested individuals beaten up en route to and inside precinct stations. While there is no other American community where there is more alertness in protecting the rights of the individual than New York City, there should never be any pact, agreement orunderstanding preventing the Federal Government from investigating the charges of violation of civil rights. For this reason the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is to be commended for its alertness in bringing this issue to the fore and forcing a showndown. Attorney General Brownell should institute a rigid investigation to ascertain whether there is, in truth, such an agreement between his department and New York City police (or any city’s police), and if there is, to cancel it immediately. In the meantime, and in view of the previous fine record of New York’s Mayor and Police Commissioner with regard to matters of this kind, we think that final judgement should be withheld. —Pittsburgh Courier JIM CROW DIES HARD Like the "slip between the cup and the lip,” general compliance with the Supreme Court decision against racial segregation in inter state travel will not be achieved for some time, since the attitude of the railroads and bus lines range from subterfuge to open defiance. A Negro veteran this week announced his intention of suing the rail lines that, during the war, compelled him to ride a jim crow day coach on a Pullman ticket. He said he will ask refund of the difference in cost, with Interest and damages. Recently Rep. Adam Powell of New York joined the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in urging strongly that court action should be brought against transportation companies repeatedly when they flout the high court’s decision. Jim Crow dies hard and the fight for integration is never ending. —San Francisco, Sun-Reporter IKE ON CIVIL RIGHTS "I believe with all my heart,” was the phrase used by President Eisenhower in reference to the need for "vigilant guarding,” of the rights of minorities across the nation. Lapsing into a discussion of the existence of discrimination, in fact, against minorities, the president recommended removal of discrimination in the nation’s capitol. He then recommended "friendly conferences with those in authority in our states and cities,” as the strategy for removal of such discrimination across the nation. Of course, the facts show that far too many of the authorities in our states and cities are not inclined to be persuaded, honestly or otherwise, into admitting the justice of equality of opportunity regardless of race, creed or color. Thus, these words have a touch of the same old story. States rights, "first,” citizen rights, "second.” We have no doubt that the president will succeed in eliminating discrimination in some form in Washington, D. C. But, of the million Negroes. Catholics, Jews and other large minorities that are con stantly oppressed within the several states, the handful that will be gratified by the existence of equality in our nation's capitol is far to small to give us reason to be satisfied. We must say that "example” to the remaining communities, and evidence to the visiting dignitaries of the world is not enough. We must wonder if the president is more interested in sustaining a congressional honeymoon with the conservative majority than in comprehensively seeing to the equality, in fact, of all citizens to replace the inequality, in fact, that now exists and the president admits in the address Mr. Eisenhower said earlier, "public employment is not a right but a privilege.” What does this mean coming from him? We are certain and experience has shown that equality of opportunity has meant increased economic social and political welfare for those communities wherein equality has been instituted not just an increase for those minority groups affected, therefore, is it not the benefit and state of the Union that is to be affected? The CIO. has found a loss of four and one half billion, ($4,500,000,000) dollars a year is caused by discrimination against Negroes alone. Add to that the loss caused by discrimination against. Catholics, Jews. Indians. Mexicans. Japanese. Chinese, etc. We must recommend that this great nation, and her beautiful goddess of liberty lift the light ever higher that the world may know that we indeed practice what we preach. —Omaha Star BERDES FOOD CENTER "BETTER MEATS AT LOWER PRICES” FRESH MEATS, POULTRY. FISH and DAIRY PRODUCTS Fruits, Groceries and Vegetables 388 WABASHA CE.3BS7 A Hog For FROST WHOLESALE MEAT E. Pierson. Proprietor Home Made Hams, Bacon aad Sausage—Prices Reasonable 11*4 FROST AVE. —ST. PAUL, MINN.— VAN BUREN, *MI Man Enough To Appreciate It! Page 2, St. Paul RECORDER. Friday. March 6, 1853 The editor of the Dakota County Tribune has this to say of one of the women of the press: “A woman who ha* been In the newspaper business only fear years Is being well received at gatherings where she gives a dandy talk on the grief connected with the business. We have heard ha several times and each time the talk is shorter. Well bet by the time she has been In the business 4* yean she won’t say anything. Such Is life.” Got A Scare: Monday at 1 p. m. our staff writer Ed. Blackwell called us from the state capitol to inform us that a represenative of Federal Cartridge Corporation had testified against the Employ ment on Merit bill before the House labor committee. Said represena tive claimed he was expressing Charles L. Horn’s views. This was like a bombshell which was certain to be used against the fair employment practices measure. Mr. Horn was out of town and we phoned around to three cities trying to locate him after talking with company official*. Meanwhile probably because of our close association with Mr. Horn we were bombarded with queries from interested individuate, reporters, members of the legislature and others. Naturally, we were in a dither, because the statement purporting to give his views in opposition to the FEPC bill did not ring true to us. At the same time knowing him to be a person of independent judgement after years of arguing with him about politics, politicians and other matters we were "up a tree.” When the early edition of the Minneapolis TRIBUNE hit the streets with a story setting forth what was purported to be the Federal Cartridge and Charles Horn opposition to FEPC we still didn’t give np. About 8:30 p. m. our phone at home rang, it was Mr. Horn. He had just arrived fom Chicago, he wanted to know what had occured at the hearing and what had been said as to his position. When we told him as best we could, he almost blew a fuse —as only Charley Horn can. Immediately he got busy checking with the daily papers. He gave out a statement which stated his position and amounted to a repudiation of what had been ascribed as his views. Charles L. Horn’s prompt repudiation of a statement that his firm, the Federal Cartridge Corporation was against the Employ ment on Merit bill (FEPC) was definite, and in Horn character. Anyone who knows Horn, knows he speaks for himself. The thousands of people who trust- him know he would not be a party to trying to halt progress in employment opportunity for members of minority groups. He has refrained from taking a position on the state law for reasons best known to himself, but when he was put in the false position of being against the bill, his reaction was prompt and posi tive. He spoke out in unmistakable, unequivocal fashion. After it was all over, we felt good, and reminded ourself that we never were in any doubt as to what his position would be on such a matter, when the chips were down. We have faith in the man and there is ample evidence it is returned, and that the little people always have had and always will have a friend in him. —Cedi Newman Observation: The less a fellow knows the less he will be bothered with a lot of questions. —Dakota County TRIBUNE One of the great defects of human life, says the fellow at the next desk, appears to be that as soon as man is old enough to know anything much, his life ends. —Dakota County TRIBUNE Experts now say there will be prosperity for the next four years. Not if the farm prices keep going down. —Dakota County TRIBUNE Helium 1 .11. In 1950, a gas strike near Hol brook, Ariz., brought in a helium well reported to give 20 million cubit feet daily, largest in the United States. Drink Pasteurized Milk Health HOME OF FAMOUS QUALITY APPAREL for the family Quality that’s higher than ever to give you value that saves. The largest and finest se lections of men’s, women’s, boys’ and girls’ clothing in the Northwest For guaranteed satisfaction shop at Rothschild's MAURICE L ROTHSCHILD & CO Ishsii es 7th SHOP AND SAVI AT WARD'S FOOD MARKET Moats Poultry Dairy Product. Fresh Fndta aad Vegetables Rondo At Farrington 61M Wkee la Ssettle Stop at Bishop's Pktrasrr. one Block from Depot Bishop Pharmacy 507 Jackson St. SI. 2M6 Seattle, Washington - Concordia College St. Pool, Minnesota telly accredited OHlfh School OJeelor College Lutheran Church Missouri Synod [ To make good party-line J \ telephone service betters [ALWAYS j remember to replace the i L telephone receiver i gffiHgr Allow reesonabb interval* between IP’mh your calls. IE SURE to han| up quickly when you tind the line in use. RELEASE the line to emergency through.