ST. PAUL RECORDER
"An Independent Newspaper"
Established Autru.t I*. I*l4, by Cecil K. Nutrman
Published Kv.ry Friday by Spokssmon-Recordar Publish in* Co. In.
tit Nswton Bulldln*. <JS7 Mlnne.oU ) Hi Paul 1. Minnesota
Minneapolis Office: Sl4 Third Avenue South., Minneapolis 18, Minn
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The RECORDER believes no man should be denied the right to
eon tribute Me beet to humanity. Aa long as that right Is denied any
naan, no maa'e righto are safe.
Job Gains Mean More Responsibility
Much of the progress of the Minnesota Negro in recent
years has been in the area of placement and job opportunity.
While the Negro still faces discrimination in employment
moat of the major firms as shown by last week’s issue of this
newspaper are giving the Negro an increasing opportunity
to work at hia highest skill.
Today Negroes are moving into job areas with the full
welcome of employers and unions. The elaborate preparations
and safeguards for the introduction of Negro workers is no
longer as necessary as It was, say for example, in IMI.
The Negro worker in the years ahead will stand or fall
on hia own, aa an individual employe. Hecausc many of them
will come north, from areas where educational advantages
are meagre, they will of course have some problems of ad
justment and training for some years to come.
This should not be true of the Minnesota-born Negro who
should be, and in many eases is, able to move into employment
areas heretofore closed to the race without much difficulty.
While need for the safeguard* of which we wrote are
disappearing Negroes will continue to have problems in some
areas of job opportunity until more of them are employed
in the area of management where they work close to firm
policy-makers. The best start along this line is in personnel
and the employment fields. So far ns we know only two Negroes
are employed in a Minnesota concerns personnel department
and both of them are at the Federal Cartridge Corp., operated
Twin Cities Arsenal.
In the manufacturing areus where unions have contracts
the labor organizations, industrial and craft unions can do a
job seeing that their Negro members get a even shake but in
the non-unionized areas only management, can help such
• workers. Just as important is the fact that, there is mu A work
to be done within the group of our colored fellow citizens
for the tremendous opportunities ahead will go to those who
are best prepared. This is a job for the Urban League, the
churches, the civic and fraternal groups and the alert in
dividual citizen. The more progress a race makes, the more
responsibility it has as a group and aa individuals.
Negroes in leadership positions must begin to eouusel
moss workers on the need of making time, less absenteeism,
personal-hygiene end good job attitudes to maintain the gnins
our workers are making.
The alert International Brotherhood of Sleeping Car
Porters in the past few months has concentrated on keeping
ita membership alert to their duties as employes. The union
insists that ita members be punctual, do their work well and
cooperate with management in giving the public good service
at all times. The union refuses to defend employes who are
derelict in their duty.
The BSCP is wise. It has secured a good contract which
makea the sleeping ear men good wage earners—earning on
their jobs more income than many government employes and
plenty of private industry people. The BSCP wants the good
wages, the good conditions it has secured for the Pullman
porters to continue. The best way to do it it believes, is to build
in sach of its members a sense of their duty to their job on the
theory that job efficiency and good job performance strength
ens the position of the union when its officials are at the
bargaining table with management. That makes sense.
Give to the Red Cross
The Red Cross is now conducting its annual drive for
money to carry on its very important work. Readers of this
paper who are usually most generous in support of worthy
causes are urged this year to give a larger amount to the
One reason is that the Red CrosH must expand its overseas
work among our military and nationals stationed in foreign
countries. The other very important reason is thst the Red
Cross must process the valuable drug gamma globulin in
preparation for the dread polio epidemics which break out
each summer. This project alone will require the Red Cross to
Lets all of us who live here in the Twin Cities where polio
has struck so often, do our bit to help the Red Cross do its
job this year. By adding a few dollars to our last year's con
tribution we will be saving some human being from suffering
or much worse.
Influence for Good Government
There «re many useful organizations in Minnesota but
there is one which is uniguely useful in the area of government
improvement by political action. The organization to which we
refer is the League of Women Voters of Minnesota which
eonatantly attracts the admiration of those who believe in and
seek good government.
Thia newspaper knows of no other organization which so
carefully operates hi non-partisan fashion in the important
area of political action for the betterment of both state and
local government. The league attempts first, with good results
to acquaint ita membera with government and its functions.
It studies the framework of all branches of government seeking
first a thorough knowledge of what makes government tick.
It haa no axes to grind except to support those measures which
“Don’t be a litter hug. Travel in comfort, but don’t make it
uncomfortable for others.’’
it feels in its wisdom are the best for the most people.
In the years this newspaper has observed the League of
Women Voters in action, it has never seen it depart from its
non-partisan stand, giving all candidates opportunity to have
their views heard on the issues. It religiously follows the same
course in evaluating proposed legislation.
Early in the life of the league there was a disposition of
the professional politicians to scoff at the “women” and often
to try to brush off league members who went to court house
and state eapitol to lobby for measures which the league had
decided were worthy of support. We can well understand why
some politicians don’t want the league taking such an interest
in government and legislation. The league has always had in
its membership many well trained women who often have been
better informed about issues then the men who make our laws.
This knowledge often has made some of our city council mem
bers, county commissioners and legislators rather uneasy.
An example of the high purpose of the league has been
its advocacy during th last three sessions of the legislature of
FKPC now called ROM.
The league membership made a study of the effects of
employment discrimination and found that the cost was large,
both to the minority group members discriminated against,
and to the whole of society. The league then went on record as
favoring FEPC and since that time has worked unceasingly to
help pass a state FEPC law.
This newspaper believes the almost overwhelming per
centage of persons in the state as revealed by the Minnesota
Poll who now favor FEPC is due to a large measure to the
work of the League of Women Voters. The last report which
showed that 84% of Minnesotans favor FEPC is due to some
extent we believe to the intelligent, resourceful campaign
which the league and other interested organizations have Esgde
in educating the Minnesota public of the waste of employment
If and when Minnesota enacts an FEPC law, much of the
credit will go to the league which has carried on a splendid
campaign to get the measure approved. Their latest printed
piece “Employment of Merit and Your Business” signed by
20 leading industry and business leaders is a fine contribution
to good government and should be read by every business
man who has doubts that FEPC is needed in this state or who
thinks such a law would cause confusion.
For the second time in six years we bow in the direction
of the fine, intelligent women who make up the membership
and leadership of the League of Women Voters. In our book
they are all really honeys.
Tims For Reading
Heard frequently are atatementa from men and women deploring
the fact that they do not have time to read. Obviously we all manage
to find time for the things we moat enjoy, but we still think there
Is a good deal of sincerity In the plaints aforesaid.
As a matter of plain fact, these are days and times in which it
la almost superlatively easy to find entertainment and activity of a
sort for leisure time without much effort. Radio and television, for
example, call for no more than the flip of a switch and little adjust
ments of dials and controls. Movies are available always without
much trouble. There are records, and so on and on.
It la far beside the point to cast any blame on the mechanical
means of entertainment and education. They are facts and their
virtues are many. For all that, however, the Individual lacks something
necessary for his continued development unless he reads, ponders and
cornea to fresh conclusions on the basis of his own study interpreted
In the light of hia own knowledge and experience.
Careful, serious reading also ordinarily means that one gets
away from others for a time, and that ia a useful exercise always
and especially in the midst of a way of life such as ours. Even the
busiest person can usually snatch as much as 15 or 30 minutes a day
for reading and, If even such brief interuldes of It are made routine.
It ia surprising how much ground you can cover and how much
stimulation you can get.
Maybe it la not as essy to read as It used to be, but it is possible
and may be good for anything that may ail you. Even brief breaks
In the rush are helpful, physically, mentally and spiritually. -Com.
mercUl Appeal (Memphis)
Ethiopia in Korea
Reports from Korea tell of the heroism and tough, tenacious
fighting qualities of an Ethiopian battalion serving the United
There is something stirring In the thought of soldiers from
Halle Selassie's country going halfway across the world to help
In a collective stand against aggression. How different the course
of history might hsve been if the free world had taken a comparable
stand at the time of Mussolini's Ethiopian aggression.
It is not surprising to read of the daring courage of these dusky
fighters, but we are particularly struck by the reported remark of
one American captain who spent some time with the Ethiopian
You know what they do when they go on pass to Tokyo?
"rtiey spend all day going to the museums, looking at the sights,
and listening to the opera all the things good little American
boys should but don't do.
Though there may be more “good little American boys'' with
a taste for learning than this sardonic comment admits, it at least
should give pause to anyone who tends to dismiss Ethiopian heroism
as merely the recklessness of “savages." In the perspective of
history It will be the black shirts of Mussolini's gangsters rather
than the black face# of Haile Selassie's warriors that will stand
out aa the badge of barbarism. — Christian Science Monitor
We like the one about the old fellow, $0 years old, who boasted
that he didn’t have an enemy In the world because he had out-lived
them all. It takes about that long. — Dakota County TRIBUNE
Riches are aot aa ead of life, bat aa Investment of Hfo.—Henry
1 Letters To The Editor j
SAYS Wt AM TOO! Of 810 BUSINSSS
Editor: While my wife and myself liked your Negro Progreae
edition we disagreed with one another on whether your paper is
becoming a tool of Big Business. She says, no, but I’m unconvinced.
She thinks your paper is still a truly liberal sheet. I don’t
We have depended on your paper for years as a weekly which
would speak out against the Interests which rob and pillage our
nation of its wealth, leaving the little fellow only the dribbling*.
There was a time when I could depend on your paper to speak
out but in recent years it has spent too much time praising the
business interests, the wealthy and others of their ilk. My wife
does not agree with my feelings in this matter but I think I am
right. —Mr. A Mrs. JLN.—Minneapolis.
Editor's Note: The basic philosophy of this paper has not
changed since 1834, when it was founded. It does not inveigh
against business because it is big or unions because they are big.
Bigness alone does not in our mind constitute evil. This paper
has not departed from its policy of calling “a spade a spade"
or defending the weak against the strong. Many of the abuses of
which it complained years ago when subscriber JLN first became
a reader have been cured, and it may be that because we do not
find it necessary to refer to those abuses Reader JLN sees us
turning into a “tool." We are for prosperous business and industry
for today that means prosperous workers and business support
of this newspaper makes it possible for it to serve the needs of
its readers. If Reader JLN has seen any evidence of this paper
being a "tool that’s more than many other readers have apparent
NEW YORK POLICE ON THE SPOT
The allegation that New York City’s police officials had an
agreement with the Department of Justice to permit the former
to handle cases of police brutality involving civil rights has the
big metropolis in a dither.
These charges of collusion are alarming, not only so far as
New York City is concerned, but because we have no way of
knowing that similar arrangements haye not been consummated
between the Justice Department and other large cities of the country.
It is obviously ridiculous that the police of any city should be
permitted by agreement to investigate their own violations of civil
rights—even a city with the good record enjoyed by New York in
the area of race relations.
Mayor Impellitteri of New York has denied knowledge of any
such agreement. Police Commissioner George P. Monaghan has
echoed him, and it is just possible that both are telling the truth.
Many things go on in every department or bureau of govern
ment unknown to the administrator, and the good record of both
the Mayor and police commissioner of New York with regard to
racial integration and fairplay makes one reluctant to jump at
The allegations and charges certainly call for the most rigid
examination, both by the Federal Government and interested groups
in New York, in order to establish the truth or falsity of the com
It is very embarrassing to New York City to be investigated by
the Federal Government in relation to this issue, but it is not nearly
as bad as having arrested individuals beaten up en route to and
inside precinct stations.
While there is no other American community where there is
more alertness in protecting the rights of the individual than New
York City, there should never be any pact, agreement orunderstanding
preventing the Federal Government from investigating the charges
of violation of civil rights.
For this reason the National Association for the Advancement
of Colored People is to be commended for its alertness in bringing
this issue to the fore and forcing a showndown.
Attorney General Brownell should institute a rigid investigation
to ascertain whether there is, in truth, such an agreement between
his department and New York City police (or any city’s police),
and if there is, to cancel it immediately.
In the meantime, and in view of the previous fine record of
New York’s Mayor and Police Commissioner with regard to matters
of this kind, we think that final judgement should be withheld.
JIM CROW DIES HARD
Like the "slip between the cup and the lip,” general compliance
with the Supreme Court decision against racial segregation in inter
state travel will not be achieved for some time, since the attitude
of the railroads and bus lines range from subterfuge to open defiance.
A Negro veteran this week announced his intention of suing
the rail lines that, during the war, compelled him to ride a jim crow
day coach on a Pullman ticket. He said he will ask refund of the
difference in cost, with Interest and damages.
Recently Rep. Adam Powell of New York joined the National
Association for the Advancement of Colored People in urging
strongly that court action should be brought against transportation
companies repeatedly when they flout the high court’s decision.
Jim Crow dies hard and the fight for integration is never ending.
—San Francisco, Sun-Reporter
IKE ON CIVIL RIGHTS
"I believe with all my heart,” was the phrase used by President
Eisenhower in reference to the need for "vigilant guarding,” of the
rights of minorities across the nation. Lapsing into a discussion of
the existence of discrimination, in fact, against minorities, the
president recommended removal of discrimination in the nation’s
capitol. He then recommended "friendly conferences with those in
authority in our states and cities,” as the strategy for removal of
such discrimination across the nation.
Of course, the facts show that far too many of the authorities
in our states and cities are not inclined to be persuaded, honestly
or otherwise, into admitting the justice of equality of opportunity
regardless of race, creed or color. Thus, these words have a touch of
the same old story. States rights, "first,” citizen rights, "second.”
We have no doubt that the president will succeed in eliminating
discrimination in some form in Washington, D. C. But, of the million
Negroes. Catholics, Jews and other large minorities that are con
stantly oppressed within the several states, the handful that will be
gratified by the existence of equality in our nation's capitol is far
to small to give us reason to be satisfied.
We must say that "example” to the remaining communities, and
evidence to the visiting dignitaries of the world is not enough. We
must wonder if the president is more interested in sustaining a
congressional honeymoon with the conservative majority than in
comprehensively seeing to the equality, in fact, of all citizens to
replace the inequality, in fact, that now exists and the president
admits in the address
Mr. Eisenhower said earlier, "public employment is not a right
but a privilege.” What does this mean coming from him? We are
certain and experience has shown that equality of opportunity has
meant increased economic social and political welfare for those
communities wherein equality has been instituted not just an increase
for those minority groups affected, therefore, is it not the benefit and
state of the Union that is to be affected? The CIO. has found a loss
of four and one half billion, ($4,500,000,000) dollars a year is caused
by discrimination against Negroes alone. Add to that the loss
caused by discrimination against. Catholics, Jews. Indians. Mexicans.
Japanese. Chinese, etc. We must recommend that this great nation,
and her beautiful goddess of liberty lift the light ever higher that
the world may know that we indeed practice what we preach.
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Page 2, St. Paul RECORDER. Friday. March 6, 1853
The editor of the Dakota County Tribune has this to say of one
of the women of the press:
“A woman who ha* been In the newspaper business only fear
years Is being well received at gatherings where she gives a dandy
talk on the grief connected with the business. We have heard ha
several times and each time the talk is shorter. Well bet by the
time she has been In the business 4* yean she won’t say anything.
Such Is life.”
Got A Scare: Monday at 1 p. m. our staff writer Ed. Blackwell
called us from the state capitol to inform us that a represenative
of Federal Cartridge Corporation had testified against the Employ
ment on Merit bill before the House labor committee. Said represena
tive claimed he was expressing Charles L. Horn’s views.
This was like a bombshell which was certain to be used against
the fair employment practices measure. Mr. Horn was out of town
and we phoned around to three cities trying to locate him after
talking with company official*.
Meanwhile probably because of our close association with Mr.
Horn we were bombarded with queries from interested individuate,
reporters, members of the legislature and others.
Naturally, we were in a dither, because the statement purporting
to give his views in opposition to the FEPC bill did not ring true
to us. At the same time knowing him to be a person of independent
judgement after years of arguing with him about politics, politicians
and other matters we were "up a tree.”
When the early edition of the Minneapolis TRIBUNE hit the
streets with a story setting forth what was purported to be the
Federal Cartridge and Charles Horn opposition to FEPC we still
didn’t give np.
About 8:30 p. m. our phone at home rang, it was Mr. Horn. He
had just arrived fom Chicago, he wanted to know what had occured
at the hearing and what had been said as to his position. When we
told him as best we could, he almost blew a fuse —as only Charley
Immediately he got busy checking with the daily papers. He
gave out a statement which stated his position and amounted to
a repudiation of what had been ascribed as his views.
Charles L. Horn’s prompt repudiation of a statement that his
firm, the Federal Cartridge Corporation was against the Employ
ment on Merit bill (FEPC) was definite, and in Horn character.
Anyone who knows Horn, knows he speaks for himself. The thousands
of people who trust- him know he would not be a party to trying to
halt progress in employment opportunity for members of minority
He has refrained from taking a position on the state law for
reasons best known to himself, but when he was put in the false
position of being against the bill, his reaction was prompt and posi
tive. He spoke out in unmistakable, unequivocal fashion.
After it was all over, we felt good, and reminded ourself that
we never were in any doubt as to what his position would be on
such a matter, when the chips were down. We have faith in the
man and there is ample evidence it is returned, and that the little
people always have had and always will have a friend in him.
Observation: The less a fellow knows the less he will be bothered
with a lot of questions. —Dakota County TRIBUNE
One of the great defects of human life, says the fellow at the
next desk, appears to be that as soon as man is old enough to know
anything much, his life ends. —Dakota County TRIBUNE
Experts now say there will be prosperity for the next four
years. Not if the farm prices keep going down. —Dakota County
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