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ZM T. R. And Campaign Funds The need foe collecting large campaign funds would vanish if Congress provided an appropriation for the proper and legiti mate expenses of each of the great na tional parties, an appropriation ample enough to meet the necessity for thorough organization and machinery, which re quires a large expenditure of money. Then the stipulation should be made that no party receiving campaign funds from the Treasury should accept more than a fixed amount from any indivilual subscriber or donor.— President Theodore Roosevelt. Story Of The NAACP: Handful Of White Citizens! Formed Militant Rights Group 47 Years Ago By CALVIN KYTLE in CORONET for August Yes, the woman told polici was a man named George Riel the neighborhood. A colored ma A special grand jury was said it hadn’t been George Ric she wouldn’t give his name. Thi In spite or her admission, a mob went after George Richardson. Warned, an alert and fearful mayor whisked Richardson and his Negro cellmate, an accused murderer to a nearby town. When the mob found out what had taken place they felt cheated and there was no stopping them. First they wrecked the restaur ant of a man whose car was sup posed to have carried the Negroes to safety. Then they proceeded methodically to destroy Negro businesses and drive Negro famil ies from their homes. They set fire to a barber shop and lynched the Negro barber in his back yard. They were drag ging his body through the streets when the state militia stopped them with gunfire. The next night a fresh mob de cided to make an example of an 84 year old Negro; he’d been married to a white woman for 30 years. They lynched him within a block of the State House. By the time order was restored, 5.000 militiamen were patrolling the streets. They counted six dead (two Negro, four white) and 70 injured. In its cause and casualties, the race riot of 1908 was like a num ber of others that rocked Ameri ca during the early part of this century. It differed, however, in two important particulars: First, it had taken place In Springfield, Illinois, the home of Abraham Lincoln, the Great Emancipator. Second, it shocked a handful of white people into organizing the National Association for the Ad vancement of Colored People. Today, the NAACP is one of the most talked-about organizations in the country, though comparatively few have any knowledge of Its his tory. its motives or its methods For 47 years is has been a ml 11- flvu Status Kuy: Northern Negro Vote May Be Balance Of Power, Colliers Says New York City.—Tn a tight Presidential election this year, Northern Negroes could hold the balance of power, political expert Theodore H. White writes in the current Collier’s. White points up the phenomenal concentration of Negroes in the queen cities of the five biggest voting states in the coun try: New York, California, Pennsylvania, Illinois and Michi gan. These states cast 156 elector al votes, or just 110 short of a Presidential majority. In the great cities of these states, the Negro population runs from a high of 21 per cent tn Phil adelphia through 19 per cent in Detroit. 17 per cent in Chicago. 11 per cent in New York and 11 per cent in Los Angeles. For almost 20 years the Negroes have voted almost solidly Demo cratic. At the moment the Collier's expert finds Republican chances of gain best in New York, indif ferent in Philadelphia. Chicago and Los Angeles, and wont in De troit "In many states, this (Negro) vote is absolutely indispensible to Democratic strategists.” White says. In the 1954 race for governor in New York. Averell Harriman car ried the entire state by only 11.- 125 votes, while just one of New York City’s five Negro districts gave him a majority of 20.221. Gov. G. Mennen Williams of Michigan won his race in 1962 by a statewide margin of 8.600 but three Negro wards in Detroit gave him a margin of 28123 votes alone. Reporting on the aroused mood of the American Negro. White says that for the past two years since the Supremo Court decision on desegregation, "there has been a flare-up of Negro emotions un precedented since the days of the Reconstruction. ’ "If .the Republicans choose to make Negroes Target A from coa- e—yes, she knew who did it. It isrdson who’d been working in in. He’d beaten and raped her. called. Now the white woman hardson but a white man. Only at’ she said, wouldn’t be proper. tant defender of Negro rights. Yet outside its own membership, its name had little public significance until, ruling on cases NAACP’* lawyers had brought, the U. 8. Supreme Court in 1954 outlawed segregation in the public schools. Since then, the five initials have come to stand for almost every thing connected with the integra tion movement and the resistance to it. The fact that many times the NAACP has only participated after the fact, or merely been loud in the cheering section, makes no difference. To thousands of whites in the Deep South It has become the un mistakable enemy. A network of White Citizens Councils (300 chapters in Mississippi alone) has sprung up to fight it South Caro lina has passed a law prohibiting public employees from holding NAACP membership. In Louisi ana. a 1924 law originally aimed at the Ku Klux Klan has been re vived in an effort to suppress NAACP activity altogether The president of the U. S. Chamber of Commerce charges that its "meddling" has brought to "a jarring halt the encouraging progress that was being made toward good will between the races." Almost every newspaper editor below the Mason-Dixon Line and quite a few above, laments the NAACP’s "extremist position" and pleads vaguely that It not "push too hard" or "move too fast.” Also, at least one White Coun cil leader has tried to pin rock and-roll music on the NAACP. "A plot to infiltrate and corrupt teen-agers." he called it. Among the writers covering that Springfield riot back in 1908 was a well-to-do Kentuckian named William English Walling. Sickened and outraged, he wrote an impassioned article for a popu lar liberal weekly. The Independ (Continued on page 6) vention through campaign, no thing can protect the Democrats' vulnerable moral flank from a Re publican break-through.” White says. 'T don’t know how we can go about persuading these people that Eastland isn't a Democrat." one Tammany leader told the Collier’s i writer. Discussing today's Negro lead ers White reports that "rarely have I met a more impressive pool of talent and ability.” White also praises the "constant and effective indignation" of the Negro press. Montgomery PTA Hoad Resign* Because Of Integration Proposal Montgomery. Al*.—(ANTI — A Montgomery white wom/n resign ed her post as president of the County Council of Parents and Teachers last week because of an announced policy of the National PTA to support integration. The woman, Mrs Betty Baldwin McLaurine. in a meeting high lighted by a sharp debate on inte gration. said tn resigning *T cannot be any part of an or ganization that has an Integra •Jon statement or policy as its jtlunate goal" -C 11 dag." Little Waiter and orchestra a* Friday. August 16. I Mtaaeapoßs Lahar Temple —Advt. ST. PAUIiWCOKDKIt BRIEF I NEWS ; SCENE "High and Lowdown" ) By BAILEE THOMAS j Of the 52 national conventions of the country’s two major politi cal parties since 1856. including this year’s meeting of Democrats in Chicago and Republicans in San Francisco, 12 have been in what is generally called "the West” and 40 in Chicago or eastward. Chi cago is the champion host, select ed by the Democrats nine times, including this year, by the Repub licans 13 times. Philadelphia is second with seven conventions, two Democratic and five Republican; St Louis is third with four Democratic and one Republican. Of the four Re publican conclaves in the west. Minneapolis entertained the first, June 1892; the Democrats had been in St. Louis In ’76. and 'BB and the Republicans went there in ’96. The 1,800 delegates in Minne apolis nominated on the first bal lot Benjamin Harrison with the New York newspaper man. White law Reid, for vice president; Mln nesota went Republican, but the Democratic candidate Grover Cleveland won the Presidency. Insect Bites: Suggested treat ment given in a health column from the National Tuberculosis Association is: "Keep the bite area clean, apply calomine lotion, Epsom salts, or a wet paste of equal parts of baking soda and water. This will soothe the sting, and the bites should dis appear shortly." The Golden Anniversary of auto racing at the Minnesota State Fair will be celebrated this year It was announced by D. K. Bald win, secretary of the exposition Highlighting the 10 days of speed at the fair will be five speedway-type racing meets with the grand championship scheduled for Labor Day. September 3, when the Minnesota dirt track king win be crowned along with the over-aD champion. Prize (Continued on Page 8) Albert Allen Sr. Retires After 32 Years With M-M Albert L. Allen Sr.. 3821 Third Av. 8.. retired Tuesday, July 31, after 32 years with Minneapolis- Moline Company Mr. Allen began with the firm September 1, 1924, which was then the old Minne apolis Steel and Machinery Com pany In 1929 the company was re named the Minneapolis-Moline Company He was driver of a mall car from 1929 to 1953 In 1953 he was made driver of the executive car and chauffeur for W. C. Mc- Farlane. president of the company, a position he held until his re tirement Mr. Allen was born In LaGrange Mo., and moved from there to Hannibal. Mo’, as a young man He came to Minneapolis with his family in 1917, where he has made his home since that time. Shortly after his arrival tn Min neapolis. he engaged in the gro cery, coal and transfer business with a store at Seventh and Lyn dale Aves N. which he operated for four year*. Mr. and Mrs. Allen have four sons. Leroy and Albert Jr., of Minneapolis, Theodore, well known insurance broker, and Reginald St Paul; four daughters. Kather ine Anderson and Margaret Louise Adlln of Minneapolis and Sedalia Clark and Carmen Davis of St. Paul. 14 grandchildren and three great-grandchildren. Mr. Allen plana to just relax and take it easy for a month. He hope* to make a visit to his old home town Hannibal. Mo., within the next month. His hobbies sre fishing, and all types of sports. BANK OFFERS FREI BANK BY-MAII KITS TO AU The Minneapolis bank which pays the highest interest rates on savings accounts (3%) is famed Farmers A Mechanics, located conveniently at Sixth St. and Mar quette. Farmers A Mechanics is offer Ing a free Bank-by-Mail Kit AD you have to do is clip the coupon tn its ad elsewhere in thia paper and th* bank will do the rest Albert Allen (right), retiring after 32 years with Minneapolis Moline Company, reminisces with W. C. MacFarlane, president of the firm, on Tuesday, July 31. Allen began with the firm in 1924, two years before MacFarlane. MacFarlane returned from a business trip to Europe anti the Near East "just in time to bid good-bye ” to his long-time friend. Mr. and Mrs. Allen live at 3821 Third Av. N., and have four daughters, four sons, 14 grandchildren and three great-grandchildren. He was born in La Grange, Missouri, August 29, 1888, and came to Minneapolis in 1917. Suptumtoar I, I 4 3: lowa And Minnesota Shriners Plan Three Day Celebration Here Combining top features from two states, lowa—with its “tall corn”, and Minnesota —with its "10,000 lakes”, delegates from three Temples of the Ancient Egyptian Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine of North and South America ami its Jurisdiction, Inc., Prince Hall Affiliation and all Prince Hall Masons and their kindred bodies will observe “Gala Day’’ In Minneapolis the week of Sep- ' tember 1,2, and 3. 1956. accord ing to an announcement by La percell Greene, general co-chair man of the event. The first annual convention of the organization will be conducted in conjunction with the three-day celebration. Registration of delegate* and visitor* 1* scheduled for 10 a. m. on Saturday, September 1, at the Minneapolis Labor Temple, 115 S E. Fourth St. The three-temple membership of the Order Include* the following: Zeid Temple of De* Moines; Bashir Temple of Water loo. and Fezzan Temple of Minne- apolis. The priiclpal entertainment feature of the opening day’s fes tivities wil. be the Potentate’* Bali to be presided over by the Imperial Prtentate Booker T. Al exander. The music of the Rock-n-Roll master, Try Bradshaw and hi* band will tdd to the gayety of the festivities. The Fezsan Court Daughter* of Isis are sptnsorlng a local beauty contest anl a queen will be crowned. Temple* lave been invited front MIDLAND BANK'S NEW CUSTOMER SERVICE *1 fta shzzJx. I aiwm . i Pictured i* fie exterior of the new drive-in banking aervice opened Monday by Midland National Bank, 'he new faeillity is located on Fourth Street between Second Ave. and Third Ave. S. Patron* tan do their banking from the seat of their ears. the state* of Colorado, Indian*. Nebraska. Missouri. Kansas, Wis consin. Illinois, Michigan. Ohio, lowa and Minnesota. HENRY VAN AUKEN nUHB rat RAILROAD A WAREHOUSE COMM Henry C. Van Auken, 4025 Ne vada Ave. No., Minneapolis, with many years experience In the transportation business, recently filed as Republican candidate for Railroad and Warehouse Com missioner in the Minnesota Pri mary election to be held Septem ber 11. Mr. Van Auken's committee fwla, that the candidate's exper ience tn the transportation busi ness qualifies him to serve the state of Minnesota well, as a Railroad and Warehouse Commis sioner. He I* a member of Hennepin Avenue Methodist church. Street and Highway Committee and sup porter of the Mississippi Upper Harbor project. Mt. Paul Urban league Guild Presents .Second Annual Cotton Ball. Arizona Room.—Prom Ball room. Saturday August 4. -l B’J"’ MEET YOUR MAILMAN TYLER J. HOWELL JR. Older brother of Richard, whose picture appeared here last week, Tyler Is a veteran of 10 year* In the rank* of the letter carrier*. Tyler is a regular carrier assigned to Edina Station, where he, for four years has “carried the mall” to the residents who live from r>7tli to 62nd Street, from Vincent to Zenith Avenue South. He la married, has two children and attends tne Catholic Church of St. Leonard of Port Mauries, where he is a member of the Usher's Club He Is a member of Omega Psi Phi fraternity and a graduate of the Dunwoody School of Carpentry, but has chosen to make the Postal Service his car- RENT IT WITH A WANT AD Major Irvokthroujlu The long struggle for civil rights—that to, for equal rights for all Americans, whatever their race, creed or color, is reaching a milestone this year There have been major breakthroughs on this front In the past ten years, and they have been heartening to the vast majority of our people- but now they appear to have in spired tn those who have a vested Interest tn the status quo a bitter determination to defend to the last ditch the remaining strongholds of discrimination and segre gation Senator llerbtrt H L'-hnuui. Howard Urges Families Affected By Free-Way Against Hurried Action Timothy Howard, president of the Rondo-St. Anthony Or gnnizntion, formed to cope with problems of the proposed St. Paul freeway, urged residents affected to avoid hurried plans and to resist any attempts by special interests to exploit their situation. < Mr. Howard's statement as in the planning stage. He said if it goes through a total of 1,523 persona will be displaced. This total represents 373 families made up of 757 adults and 379 children In addition, a survey made by the organisation indicates a total of 20 businesses and clubs will have to relocate. Mr. Howard's full statement said: "As far as the Rondo-St. An thony project to concerned, it to still In the planning stage. That to. nothing has been done definite ly in establishing this area as the route for the freeway. "We are making the following suggestions In order that the directly affected Individuals will not panic Into unfair dealings: 1. Be alert and sensitive to possible exploitation if plan ning to relocate soon. 2. Check prevailing list price on houses for sale In the area selected and make sure of get ting the true value of the pro perty being purchased. 3. By all means avoid high pressure salesmanship, take your time, buy what you really want and think through cau tiously financial and legal transactions. 4. If possible, secure a reput able realtor to help you In the appraisal of the property In volved. 5 Remember that the high way situation has not actually developed, so do not be exploit ed." A survey conducted by Charles F Rogers, Vice Preaident of the Organisation, the week of July 23. to ascertain the number of people living In the proposed freeway route, on the north side of Rondo and the south side of St Anthony from Western to Lexington A van . revealed the totals given In the second paragraph. The figures are the result of a door to door count of Individuals. Mr. Howard pointed out. Messrs. Howard and Rogers ex pressed appreciation for those vol unteers who canvassed the area In the survey for the organisation. Until Ratio DecHaes: Southern Liberal Editor Sees No School Integration Toledo, Ohio.— (ANP)— Hod ding Carter, the Pulitzer prize winning Mississippi editor, pre dicted here last week that public school Integration would be a long time corning to those areas in the South where the ratio of Negro population approaches or exceeds that of white. Carter, editor-publisher of the Greenville, Miss , Delta Democrat- Times. said, for that he would not like to see Integration come at this time In Greenville, where seven out of 10 persona are Negroes. He was speaker at the closing convocation of the annual Inter group Workshop sponsored by the Toledo Board of Community Rela tions and the Toledo Teachers Federation at the University of Toledo. Generally considered a moderate white southerner. Carter admitted that nothing would have been done In the South about public school integration. He said that he thought the U. S. Supreme Court decision In 1054 was morally right, but was not made on sound legal basis. One solution he suggested that, he said, might help ease the racial problem In the South was that the proportion of Negroes be reduced to about 10 per cent of the general population. BOTH CONVENTIONS TO BE COVERED FOR READERS • Readers of this newspaper will receive first hand ac counts of both national political conventions. • The Democratic convention which convenes August 13 in Chicago will be covered for thia paper from the vantage point of the convention floor by the paper’s editor • Additional coverage by the Associated Negro Press, leading newsgathering organization serving the Negro press whose services in this area are this paper's exclusively. e The Republican convention which meets August 20 in San Francisco will be covered for this paper by one of the top news correspondents on the Pacific coast tn addition to the ex clusive dispatches of the Associated Negro Press. lid the free-way project ia still Congressman Diggs Comes Out For Gov Averell Harriman Detroit. Mich— United States Representative Charles C. Diggs Jr., (Dem.), of Detroit. Michigan, announced Monday his whole hearted support of Governor A ver ell Harriman's drive to secure the Democratic Presidential nomina tion. Tn announcing his support, C->ng»eaaman Diggs, a delegate to the forthcoming National Con vention. and a member of the im portant Committee on Resolutions and Platform, stated, **l have long been saying publicly that to win In November, we Democrats must have . , . A. A strong civil rights plank. B A candidate with a forth right and inflexible position on this Issue. "In my opinion, the distinguish ed Governor of New York. Averell Harriman, to such a candidate.” Diggs stated In hto announcement. ■'He has broadened and actively enforced New York’s FKPC law. "He has appointed New York State's first Negro Supreme Court Justice. "He has a Negro member In hto cabinet. He has outlawed discrimination in the sale of housing built and financed with public funds. , "He supported legislation en abling low income minority groupe to obtain mortgages. "He spoke of civil rights recent ly In North Carolina In the same language he used in New York. "Governor Harriman's unequi vocal attitude on civil righto to similar to hto strong stand on other vital issues. He has long worked to expand the American economy so that all may share Its benefits. He wax among the very first to publicly warn of the post-war Russian threat. His ex perience in foreign affaire to out standing. He to on record in favor of dynamic programs to aid labor, the farmer and small business "I feel that Averell Harriman as a candidate will be a winner and as a President will fight for the things I believe in. Accord ingly, if my great Governor G. Mennen Williams releases the Michigan delegation from Ito pledgee to vote for him as a fav orite son, I shall support the nom ination of Averell Harriman." Governor Harriman To Speak At Alpha’s 50th Anniversary Session Buffalo. N. Y. (ANP) W. Averell Harriman, governor of the State of New York, and a candi date for the Democratic pres! dentlal nomination, will be the main speaker at the public meet ing for Alpha Phi Alpha's 50th Anniversary being held in Buffalo, N Y. August 7-11. A good Intention clothes Itself with power.--Emerson Democracy is based upon the conviction that there are extraor dinary possibilities In ordinary people.- Foedick. This would mean, he said, that Negroes would continue to mi grate to other sections of the na tions and the consequent transfer ring of the racial problem else where. He said that southern lawyers. In collaboration with legislators, were prepared to offer a series of legal maneuvers to prevent the Supreme Court’s edict on public school segregation from becom ing a reality.