Newspaper Page Text
Equal Sign Workt Both Wayt
The strange thing about all this is not ao much the tact that many people look down upon Negroes or wouldn’t live next door to them. Everyone knows people who act like this towards Negroes The strange in these differences still say they like Ne groes. and say all men are created equal. After all. the equal sign works both ways. Negroes are not only created equal to you, thing is that so many people who believe you are created equal to Negroes—Catho lic Digest. TWENTY-THIRD YEAR. NO. 2 NEW YORK. —"What do you think of the election? Inject this remark into any social gathering these days and with in a matter of minutes supposedly intelligent people will be shouting at each other and acting in general like they’ve taken leave of their wits. Last Sunday my husband and I attended a beach party that almost ended in Nell Russell mass mayhem just because a political argument got out of hand. The beach party was in honor of two Virginia school teachers who are here attending summer session at New York University graduate school. I suppose the idea was to show the school marms how "sophisticated" New Yorkers spend a relaxing day at the beach, in this case a scenic stretch of shore on Dong Island Sound. Included in the party were a Harlem real rotate man and an attorney, both of whom consider thenwelvro to be wheels In the uptown political camp. We had no sooner gotten comfortably settled on the beach than the fireworks started. The realtor, a Harriman supporter, made a nasty remark about Adlal. The at torney. a Stevenson admirer, took offense at the manner tn which his boy had been slighted and retaliated with an opinion or two on the subject of one Mr. Harriman. This wan the signal for general confusion all the way around, what with people taking sides pro and con. When I saw the direction the conversation was taking. I pulled my large straw beach hat down over my eyes and pretended to be napping This is an ideal way to listen to a political argument from under a pile of straw You can get the sound effects without having to look at the silly stubborn expressions. Political arguments are a waste of time. No one listens objectively to the other fellow's views. A man can be broad-minded and sound of opinion on many sub jects but when it comes to his politics, he is invariably an opinionated bore The beach party started to turn into a screech party. The realtor and the attorney were going at each other like two writlews boxers trading off-balance punches. The other members of the party wrere either taking side or engaging in individual cross-fire. Civil rights and school desegregation were the focal points of the brawl The two school teachers hadn't been taking too active a part in the argument until the realtor started giving forth with the opinion that the Supreme Court school desegregation order should be backed up with force if m-cesaary. One of the school teachers suddenly said with waspish impatience: "It's easy enough to run your mouth when you’re up here in New York. I’ll tell you one thing right now. You-all don't know what you're talking about!" "Who don't know?” the realtor demanded belligerently. "Girl. I come from South Carolina!" His wife capped that one with: "He stays from there, too. He hasn’t been to Carolina since '4l when he went down to bury his Daddy." “What's that got to do with it?” her husband retorted. "Plenty!” the school teacher said. "When you have to live with that mess everyday you don't get so sassy!" “Atta girl!” I encouraged from under the beach hat. The other teacher asked: "Who's going to hire all of the teachers put out of work if this integration thing happens overnight?" That was a good question because there was a thudding silence for a minute. “What integration ” the other teacher inquired. "None of it's happening down my way. Those folks aren't even thinking about it!" "Aren't you taking the selfish view?” the attorney asked in his most lofty court room manner. "What's selfish about it?” the teacher snapped: "I want to earn a living just like you do.” (Continued on page 5) Wilkins To Withold Alabama NAACP Names “ At Whatever Cost ” New York.—Undaunted by the Alabama Supreme Court’s rejection of an application to stay execution of the SIOO,OOO contempt of court fine levied against the Association by Circuit Court Judge Walter B. Jones for failure to produce its mem bership list, attorneys for the National Association for the Ad vancement of Colored People, prepared this week end further legal action to avert payment of the fine As a first step. Robert L Car ter. NAACP assistant special counsel, said, the lawyers will re turn to the Alabama Supreme Court with a petition for a writ of certiorari, asking for a review of the lower court's ruling against the Association. Meanwhile, he as serted. the attorneys are exploring other legal avenues to secure a stay of the execution of the SIOO,- 000 judgement. Directors Vote Three To One The decision to withhold the names of the 14 .566 NAACP members in the State of Alabama followed a telephone poll of the Association's national Board of Directors. By a margin of three to one. the directors who could be reached indicated to Executive Secretary Roy Wilkins that he should decline to submit the names to the Alabama court for the in spection of the state's attorney general. In a statement issued following imposition of the fine on July 30. Mr Wilkins charged that the sum demanded was "punitive, even confiscatory. Obviously this a mount is beyond our ability to pay out of regular income.” he said "We intend to use every possible legal step to contest this ex cessive fine " H ould Be Betrayal Of Members Citing the persecution to which NAACP members and other ad vocates of desegregation have been subjected in Alabama "both by public officials and private groups and individuals." the NA ACP leader said that “to turn the list of our members over to Ala bama authorities under such cir cumstances would be to betray Minn. Historic! Sos. zoo# I 9-FE. 5-7071 their trust and confidence in us. It would be to subject our mem bers to loss of employment, to de nial of credit, to threats and in timidation. as well as to possible physical violence.” Different Decision Because of the Association's "unbroken record of compliance with court orders and laws.” Mr. Wilkins declared the decision to withhold the list in the face of the court's order was a difficult one to make. However," he said the atmosphere in Alabama and the incidents that have taken place there have been such that we feel compelled to protect our mem be -a at whatever cost." Chas. M. Foree Pioneer Mill Citian Buried Services for Charles M. Foree. a long time resident of Minneapolis who died Saturday. August 4. at Parkview Rest Home where he was a patient, were held at 2 p. m. Tuesday. August 7. at Woodard s Funeral Chapel. Rev Henderson Reddick officiated. Mr Foree had been in in health for the past eight years. He came to Minneapolis from Kansas City. Mo., in IX* and had lived here since that time. For some thirty or more years he lived with his wife the late Rebecca Foree. Re publican party leader in their home at 3728 Minnehaha Av. Minneapolis. There are no known survivors Burial was in Crystal Lake cemetery Woodard Funeral Borne was in charge of the service Some are like neon lights keep going on and off 49 ST. MEET YOUR MAILMAN CHARLES D CURRY Charles is a veteran of 34 H years in the service of Uncle Sam Twenty years he has spent on the same parcel post route, serving the business places in the lower loop area, and where he is indeed a familiar figure. Mr Curry is an active member of St. Peter's AME church, serv ing as Treasurer of the Men's Brotherhood, and as a member of the Men's Glee Club. Charles is a member of the Na tional Association of Postal Em ployees, and of Minneapolis Branch No. 9 of the National As sociation of Letter Carriers. It is as a member of the latter that he will take an active part In their National Convention to be held here starting August 19th. Charles is the father of eight children and resides with his gracious wife at 3836 Fifth Av. South. Mr. Curry is one of the original subscribers of the paper you are reading, having subscribed in the first month of the paper's ex istence in August, 1934. MRS JOHN JACKSON Mrs. John Louis Jackson, the former Joyce Helene Taborn. Mill City school teacher, who was married In Maywood, HI.. Satur day. August 4. Story on Page 5. Next Week. Next week readers of this paper will receive first hand accounts of the Democratic National con vention which opens Monday in Chicago. On the spot reports by Cecil Newman, editor of the paper will give readers of this paper a word picture of important happenings as well as convention sidelights an dtrivia. Because of the international de mand for press accreditations, few weekly papers In the country will have a representative with free access to the convention floor and the committee rooms. This paper is one of the for tunate ones in the nation. New man's report will cover the week of the convention plus additional notes the week after the conven tion is history. His first story will appear In the August 17 edition, but will cover only the first three days of the convention. A follow-up story will appear in the August 24 edition. Women can keep a secret just as well as men. but it generally takes more of them to do it. STORY Of TH! NAACP The concluding installment of the "Story of the NAACP". re printed from Coronet Magazine found on page 6 of this edition. Copies of the August 3 edi tion in which the first Install ment are available and can be secured by a cal! to Louise Hughes. FEderal 5-7071 tn Minneapolis or 9-FEderal 5- 7071 tn St Paul The readable, factual piece by Calvin Kytle is worth plac ing tn your scrapbook for fu ture reference ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY, AUGUST 10, 1956 Boost H.N.H.I Minnesota Negro Leaders Urge Humphrey For Vice President Post Several prominent Negro Minnesotans Wednesday stated they were giving unqualified support to the efforts being made to obtain the Vice-Presidential nomination on the Democratic ticket for Senator Hubert H. Jlumphrey. They said Senator Humphrey would add great strength to the Democratic Party’s bid to capture the Presidential election because of the Senator's wide voter appeal and enthusiastic fol lowing among labor, minority and farm groups and the Independent voters. Humphrey, since hia entry into public life has been a vigorous ad vocate for human and civil rights. The active citizens asserted that with the failure of the Congress to enact any civil rights legisla tion before adjournment that it was Imperative for the Democrats to adopt strong and unequivocal planks on civil rights, and nomin ate liberal candidates for Presi dent and Vice-President, if the party is to hold its own among Negro voters in the 16 crucial states in the North where the Ne gro vote could be decisive. The statement eaid "A strong civil rights plank and Humphrey are the moat effective answer the Democrats can make at this late date to the failure of the Democratic led Congress to pass any civil rights legislation, and to the embarrassing presence of Sen. James O. Eastland of Mis sissippi as Chairman of the pow erful Senate Judiciary Commit tee.” Among the prominent persons announcing their support of Humphrey were, from Minneapo lis: Mrs Helen Whiteside, L. How ard Bennett, Dr. W D. Brown, Curtis C. Chivers. Edward L. Boyd, Clyde Williams, John L. Me- Hie Jr., Rev. H. W. Botts. Rev E. G Harris, Theodore Woodard, A. B Cassius James W. Slemmons, and Cecil E. Newman. From St. Paul: Frank Boyd. Leonard C. Carter, Robert Patter son. Rev Denzil A. Carty, Mrs Allie Mae Hampton Several of the members of the Committee for Integration in Min nesota are going to Chicago to at tend the Democratic National Con vention and will actively work for getting Humphrey the second spot on the ticket. They expect to contact the major delegations to obtain their support for Hum phrey. Among those going to Chi cago are Leonard H. Carter. St. Paul. Secretary-Treasurer of Lo cal 516. and President of the Com mittee for Integration in Minne sota; Anthony B. Cassius, busi nessman, and treasurer of the Campaign for Courage; Rev Den zil A. Carty. Rector. St. Philips church In St. Paul and L. Howard Bennett. Minneapolis attorney and member of the Minnesota Athletic Commission. Several weeks ago Bennett was named Chairman of the Demo crats For a Strong Civil Rights Plank, a group of 63 Negroes who drew up proposals for the Civil Rights Plank to be presented to the Platform and Resolutions Committee on Friday. August 10th at Conrad Hilton Hotel Willard Jones and Cecil New man are delegates at large to the convention. Carl Rowan. Minneapolis Trib une staff writer will be among Minnesota newspapermen cover ing the convetion J. ERNEST WILKINS, fright), assistant secretary for International Labor Affairs, U. 8. Department of Labor, speaks with two other high-ranking U. 8. government officials at a plen ary session of the International Labor Conference in Geneva, Switzerland. At the left is David W. Wainhouse, deputy assistant secretary for International Organization Affairs, Department of State, government delegate for the U. 8.; and in the center is Otis E. Mullikon, officer in charge of International Economic and Social affairs. Department of State, advisor to the U. 8. government delegation.—(A.N.P.) KATHRYN CHIVERS ENGAGED TO WED RONALD BATTLES 4 ‘ I . Mr and Mrs Curtis C Chivers, 4017 Clinton Av., have announced the engagement of their daughter, Kathryn Lenore to A 1 c Ronald C Battles, son of Mrs. Jeaac Bat tles of San Francisco, Calif. Mias Chivers attended the Uni versity of Minnesota and la pre sently employed there. Her fiance la completing a four year tour of duty with the United States Air Force as a jet mechanic at Rapid City. S. D. A December wedding ia planned Operator Of Month Honored At Selection Committee Luncheon Lyle Laaley, 3954 Third Av. 8, who was recently named July Min neapolis Operator of the Month of the Twin Cities Lines wax honored guest Wednesday at the monthly luncheon of the Citizens Commit tee which each month selects the employee whosea ervice and cour tesy has won recognition from bus passengers The affair was held at the Park Plaza Hotel. Fred Ossanna, preai dent of the transportation ays tern spoke a-s did Elmer Olson chairman of the board and execu tive vice president and medical director Dr David Ellison. Others who spoke briefly were George Grim, chairman of the a ward committee; Nels Bolstad. assistant business agen. Transit Workers union and Cecil Newman editor of the Spokesman and Re corder papers Among the guests was Henry Thomas, head resident of Phyllis Wheatley House. Mr Lasley. employed by the transit firm for the past ten years Is married and the father of five children. He told the luncheon group he wax grateful for the honor which has been paid him and hoped to continue to merit it. A committee of citizens in each of the Twin Cities studies letters of praise from passenger* each month and selects by secret ballot from the group the bus operator of the month. “Coming.” Little Walter and orvhmtra on Friday, August 10, Minneapolis l>sbor Temple.—Advt. i BRIEF I NEWS ? ; SCENE i \ "High and Lowdown" By HAIIJCE THOMAS j St. Paul voters showed good judgement by phasing the charter amendment Tuesday. It wouldn't have passed unless the school board following defeat of a pre viously offered amendment had not courageously decreed the end of kindergarten* and high school athletics to reduce expenses. Proposed curtailment of the popular athletic program brought home to citizens that aervicea have to Im* paid for by the taxpayers. Threat of ending the kinder garten also graphically Illustrated the lack of funds available for ad ditional police and firemen, play ground staff and librarians. Too bad cltisens have to get the shock treatment before they recognize community needs! • • • NEXT: Coming up next for tax payers tn the slater city of Min neapolis is the School Referendum In September when Mill CMians will decide at the polls whether or not to approve a six mill In crease for additional and badly needed funds for the town's public schools. Unless the hassle over who should elect school board members between the regular election has confused cltisena. the School Re ferendum should win at the polls Minneapolis schools need the ad ditional funds and the people should mark X behind the propos al see The Minnesota State Medical Association says it's a good idea to keep your own family health re cord records of births, immuni zations and teats. Illnesses. Injur ies. hospitalization, medical ex penses and health Insurance. If you move to a new community or take a long trip this Information could come in very handy when consulting a new doctor. • • • St. louis, Mo, finally has an FEPC law passed late in June by the Board of Aidermen. Violation costa a 1100 fine. A seven man commission operates the law • • • The Catholic Committee of the South has labeled southern white auprenuu'y groups Irrelig ious and subversive In a state ment Issued In New Orleans. see The telephone company which operates all of the systems In the nation's captial has finally a greed to hire Negro telephone op erators. Credit for the policy change goes to the President's Committee on Government Con tracts. ess Egypt has been barring Israeli shipping and ships with goods for that country from the Suez Canal for two years. Not a single nation made an adequate protest In behalf of Israeli. Now that Nasser has nationalized the canal and threatened the con trol of Britain, France and others the howl of anger can be heard around the world and the two nations are mobilizing troops and ships to bluff the Egyptian dictator. It was ap parently all right for him to gore the oi of Israel but the shoe Is on the other foot now! (Continued on Page 8) ••• even If some plan ••• is adopted to curtail the Influence of money in politics, we still have to rely increasingly upon the caliber and ethics of the people whom we elect to office We must seek out men and women who never will i-onslder political victory as an excuse to lay aside in some moral deep-freeze either the Ten Com mandments or the Sermon on the Mount For no lobbyist can pervert the democratic process unless he gains the cooperation of thoae in whom the electorate has vested a aecred trust.— Senator Klchard L. Neu berger. MINNESCQn KTOfflG l | tBCIfIY $4 <M) PER YEAR, 10 CENTS PER COPY CA 2 0922 Six Point Plank: Thirty National Groups Ask Both Parties To Support Civil Rights New York Proposals for a six-point plank on civil rights, subscribed to by 30 national organizations affiliated with the Leadership Conference on Civil Bights, have been sent to all delegates to both the Democratic and Republican national con ventions, Boy Wilkins, chairman of the Conference and execu tive secretary of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, announced here - “ The plank, which the Conference Is urging both parties to include in their IKSB platforms, calls for yl» "the full use of the powers anti prestige of the office of the President, the Executive Branch ami the legislative Branch of the Federal Government" to secure "the quickest possible elimination of all forma of state-imposed segregation"; <3> "Enactment of legislation to protect security of the person from mob violence and to empower indlvldauls and government agen cies to resort to the courts for en forcement of constitutional guar antees."; (3) "Enactment of Federal legislation prohibiting interfer ence with the right to register for and vote In primary and general Federal elections, abolishing the poll tax ns a prerequisite to the right to vote In elections of Fed eral officials, and prohibiting In tereferencc because of race or col or with the right to register for or vote in primary or general state and local elections"; Lost Jobs for Principles: Twin Cities To Honor S. C. Teachers Who Refused NAACP Snub Twenty-four South Carolina teacher* who sacrificed their jobs rather than sign a pro segregation, anti-NAACP affidavit will he honored ax “Citizens of Courage" by the citizens of ■sday night, August 28 at the MmtK'iipoliH mid St. Paul Tu Hotel Nicollet, Minneajmlia. The 24 Negro teacher* of first recipient* of regular awar Courage. Each will be given a citation and Twin Ct tire citizens will present a check for SSOO to the NAACP in the name pf the teachers. The South Carolina teachers. who now are without Jobs. Hiked that the money be 1 uo’ii Io the NAACP. Campaign for Courage ta an or ganization of Twin Cl tire cltlzena who have begun a com pal gn to encourage Negroes in the north to give moral and financial aupport to cltlzena of the aouth who are making a courageous effort to up hold the Supreme Sourt’a deci sions outlawing acgregatlon. The Campaign originated in the Twin Cltlea where Negro cltlzena contribute funda and Leroy Lazen berry, chairman. St. Paul an- nounced theae goals 1. To lend encouragement and moral aupport to people regard leaa of race or color, living in the aouth, who are carrying on the fight to uphold the law of the land so that in thoae state no person shall be discriminated against nor deprived of his constitutional rights because of race, creed, col or or origin. 2. To mobilize the aupport and affirmative expressions of the en tire nation so os to reinforce the determination of those persona participating in the fight tor free dom. 3. To present appropriate a wards to persona making signifi cant contributions to the fight for freedom and democracy through their activities. 4. To give evidence to the na tion that Negroes In the United States. North and South, stand united and solidly behind efforts to end racial segregation and achieve first class citizenship for all Americana. The South Carolina teachers were selected for the first award "because of your courage In de ciding to give up your Jobs rather than bow to the demands of the forces of segregation . . . and deny the Negro’s claim to first-class citizenship In an unsegregated society.” The TWin Cities group declared that the teachers gave evidence to the world "that the Negro is unit ed In his march toward equality and that he knows there can be "no free ride to freedom".” Mr Charles E. Davis, former principal of Elloree Training School, who also resigned will be In Minneapolis on August 28. to accept the citations tn behalf of the teachers e Mrs. Ruby Hurley. Southeast Regional Director of the NAACP. Must Seek Out Maa (4) Enactment of an FEPC law prohibiting discrimination in em ployment ; (6) Revision of Senate Huie 22 to make It easier to end a fili- buster; and (8) Adoption of a •‘policy of selecting congressional committee chairmen on the basis of merit and party responaibllity.” In a covering letter to each of the delegatea, Mr. Wilkins urges them "to work and vote for In clusion of the entire civil rights plank as herewith submitted.** The letter recalls that both parties in the past "have repeatedly pledged executive and legislative actions to assure to every individual, re gardless of race, religion, color or national origin, equality In the right to live, to work, to vote and to enjoy the full protection of the law Theae pledges remain unful filled." The delegatea are reminded that no federal civil rights law * has been enacted since 1875. Failure of the 84th Congress to pass the (Continued on page 4) Elloree, 8. C., will become the Is to be given by Campaign for will come to Minneapolis to re ceive the SBOO award. Mrs. Hurley is expected to tell of efforts by the segregationists to run the NAACP out of business in Alabama. South Carolina, Flor ida, Georgia and other states in her region. Thirty-one Negro teachers In the Elloree school district of Orangeburg county, South Caro lina were asked, as a condition of employment thia fall, to sign affi davits which Included the follow- ing questions: "Do you favor Integration of races in schools? Are you satisfied with your work and the schools as they are now maintained? Do you feel that you should be happy In an integrated school system, knowing that parents and students alike do not favor this system? "Do you feel that an Integrated school system would better fit the colored race for their life’s work? Do you think you are qualified to teach an Integrated class in a satisfactory manner? "Do you believe in the alms of the NAACP? If you should join the NAACP while employed in this school will you please notify the superintendent and chairman of the board of trustees?" M. G. Austin, superintendent of schools In Elloree reported several teachers told him they were not NAACP members but that they objected to signing such state ments affecting their personal o pinlona. Supt. Austin reports that a to tal of 210 applications have been received for the Job vacancies left by the 24 teachers He also said that reports had reached him of Negne-sponsorrd petitions expres sing criticism of the seven teach ers who did sign statements of non-NAACP membership. Negro citizens in the district have vow ed they will refuse lodgings to any teachers who may be hired after signing the antl-NAACP affldlvtt. The consolidated school tn El loree has more than 1.000 pupils, with some 830 in the elementary grade, and 31 teachers. Hard work is an accumulation of easy things you didn’t do when you should have. Cosnlng!! Bay < harlea and Or cbeetra at the Mlnnenpoha I a her Temple oa Tuesday. August 21 at 8:30 p. m Advt. Dad worked for 18 years to keep the wolf away Then Daugh ter up and married one. and brought him home to stay!