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1ITEEED AT POSTOFFJCE AS SECOND-CLASS MATTEK
SATURDAY, JANUARY 11,1*90.
Delegates to the A fro-American Lea-
gue Convention aie cordially invited to
use the offices of THE APPEAL 315 Dear-
born street, suite 13-14-13 as their head-
quarters during their stay in Chicago.
THE THIN GUISE OF "TARIFF REFORM.'.
The I esult of last year's election seems
to have convinced the free trade attor
neys that they could not bring the mass
of American voteis to the support of
that policy so long as these voters fully
comprehend what they were asked to
aid in blinging about. That much
vaunted measuxe, the Mills bill, which
came short of meeting the view? of the
most conservative opponents of Protec
tion, by leason of concessions to certain
Congressmen whose votes were needed
for its passage, was spurned at the polls
by unmistakable majorities. The ad
ministration backing that measure
shared its fate, while its more obscure
supporters leiehed a lesson they seem
not to have entirely foi gotten. Without
relinquishing their object, they have
somewhat changed their tactics. For
bidden the privilege of blotting out our
tariff laws, they now come asking that
they be allowed to "reform" where they
may not repealthat they be given half
the Protection loaf so long as they are
not to be permitted to devour the whole
There is, however, just as little room
for misunderstanding present tactics as
those of a year ago. He who listens
may hear between the shouts for "tariff
reform" the muffled demand for free
foreign trade. He need but glance at
the leaders of the "reform" crusade
the men who are reprinting and repeat
ing the familiar arguments of a year
agoto comprehend their ultimate aim.
The same honorary members of the
Cobden Club, the same orators who
have never lost an opportunity to de
dounce as robbery the policy inaugu
rated bv the founders of the republic
and supported by a long list of states
men whose names shine out in the his
tory of our nation's century of progress
these are the men now leading the
flank movement for overthrow of the
Protective policy under the cloak of
"tariff reform." Without an exception
they will be found to insist that nothing
is in the line of leform except repeal or
reduction. Every suggestion in behalf
ot legislation favoring the industry oi
this country rather than those of other
lands, finds in the "reform" ranks a
opponent charged with arguments bor
rowed from the literature of foreign
writers, and much of it printed abroad
and sent here for distribution.
The known sentiments of the men
now conspieuous in bringing into camp
those fighters who were latelo stam
peded in the free trade fightthe re
cords of others known to be their abet
torsshould be sufficient warning to all
who are not willing to aid in exposing
the business enterprises of this country
to the results of free foreign trade.
That such is the object of those leaders
now masquerading under the banner of
"tariff reform" there need not be a
shadow of doubt.
THE NATIONAL LEAGUE CONVENTION.
Next week the National Conven
tion of the Afro-American League meets
in Chicago, pursuant to the call of Mr.
T. Thomas Fortune. There have been
numerous National Conventions of Col
ored men held at different times since
the war, looking toward the improve
ment of their condition in this great
country each one of which, effected some
good. The eves of the whole country are
now turned toward the coming meeting,
and the prayers of all classes,
who are honestly in favor of a
change for the better in the con
dition of the Colored people, are that
the outcome may be gieater from this
convention than from any former ef
fort. There has been such a general
answer to this call from every section of
the United States and there seems to be
such a oneness of purpose, in referece
to the object sought for, that there
seems to be good grounds for the belief
that much good will be accomplished.
That the Colored people themselves must
bring about the needed change of af
fairs is generally conceded and that they
seem to be fully aware of this fact is evi
denced in this movement. It is gener
ally understood that this meeting has
no political significance, and that poli
tics is to have no part theiein. This is
a movement inaugurated by the yonng
er and more progressive elenents of the
Colored people, and the convention
will be composed mainly from the men
of this class. A very large attendence
is expected, and so far as we can learn
at this wiiting the delegates have been
selected [with the utmost care
all the oidinary considerations which
usually govern cemmunitesin such
cases, have been laid n&ide, and
only such men as are pie-em
inently qualified and fitted for the ork
in \iew have been chosen. That the
time is ripe for a movement oi this
kind to do effective woik is patent to the
most obtuse and if personal agrandize
ment, selfish aims, unless technicalities,
politics, sectional differences, and bom
bast, the usual stumbling bloocks, are
cleared away, much good will be done.
May God in His infinite wisdom direct
the deliberations of the convention
that much good and no harm be done.
That human nature is just the same
whether hidden under a white or a black
skin has been strikingly exemplified
within the present week. On last Tues
day in a fit of jealousy James F. Belks,
near Yicksburg, Miss., a planter, shot
and killed his mistress, a oung Colored
girl, and then killed her mother, who
attempted to shield the girl. About the
same time time in Jacksonville, 111.,
Miss Fannie Keener, a handsome
wealthy young white oman, was shot
and fatally wounded Dy Nathan Paster,
her Colored coachman, for whom she
had shown considerabe afiection. Of
late she had neglected him and trans
ferred the wealth of her aflection to a
young white man named Bancroft. Pas
ter had been away to Iowa, and on his
return found the two together and
opened fire wounding Bancroft twice.
A white woman in California worth $100,-
000 wishes to marry Peter Jackson the
noted pugilist and on Tuesday a white
man in Dulth, Minn., married a Col
ored young lady. Verilv love goes
where it is sent.
Adjutant General Baitlettof the G. A.
Department of New Orleans, resign
ed rather than sign the charter of the
Colored G. A. R. Post recently organized
theie. A very soldierly proceeding in
deed. But for the part Colored soldiers
took in the "recent unpleasantness" it
is very doubtful if Adjutant General
Bartlett would be in position to do such
an unsoldierly act. Had the rebels won
no flaunting of Yankee military titles
would have been tolerated if indeed the
possessors of them were allowed to live
It is bad enough to have to organize
"Colored Posts" but worse to be insult
ed by our comrades when we attempt to
do so. However it is better such men
as Bartlett were out of the way. Men
who are so hide bound with prejudice
should be relegated to the rear.
The Colored people of America, born
here, with an ancestry of at least two
generations also born on this soil, are
very much amused at the asinine spec
tacle Senator Morgan of Alabama made
this week, suggesting as a solution of
the "Negro Problem" that they be sent
to Africa. We doubt if Senator Morgan
has as much right to live in America as
the Colored Americans
Any one who doubts that Gov. Rich
ardson will uphold the dignity of law in
South Carolina has only to refer to his
munificent offer of %2 per head for the
arrest of the dastards who murdered
those eight Colored men at Barnwell.
Mrs. Martha Gray is on the sick list.
Miss Martha Beard is recovering from
a severe case of La Grippe.
Mr. S. C. White has been re-elecfed
superintendent of Bethesda Sunday
Reuben W. Madison of 2522 La Salle
street is convalescing from an attack of
Furnished rooms to rent on reason
able terms at 288 Rush street, Mrs.
Misses Bertha Grant and Annie Dor
sey entertained a large number of callers
If you have anything to say to the
Colored people of Chicago, insert it in
You can get delicious meals for 25
cents each, at Mrs. H. Pumpfrey's &10
State street 3d flat.
If anything has been said or done by
the Colored people of Chicago you can
get full particulars in HE APPEAL.
Messrs. Pope and Smith, 121 Lake St.
will clean and repair your clothing and
make it as good as new. Give them a
You can get the best meal in the city
at Mrs. J. H. Hunter's, 201 Third a^e.
Try one and you'll eat there all the
Have you tried the meals at Mr. R. K.
Jones' No. 211 Third ave. third flat? No.
Well, try them and you will not eat any
If you are looking for firBt class rooms
and meals try Mrs. Lucy Brown, Ne.
155J Third ave. near Polk street. Tran
For rent nice flats with all modern im
provements at $12 to $16 per month.
Inquire at 2929 Butterfield or I Q.
Grant 3023 Butterfield.
We can recommend the splendid meals
that Mrs. Swan furnishes at 2637 State.
She gives a good dinner. Hot roils for
breakfast. Try her once.
Subscribers who wish lo receive the
paper regularly should notify us when
they move. Send a postal card to HE
APPEAL, 325 Dearborn street, Chicago,
giving full name, and both old and new
Miss Frankie M. Johnson, a recog
nized Belle in Colored society, and a
member of the choir at Quinn Chapel
was united in marriage New Year's eve,
at the residence of her mother, Mrs. M,
Wood ward, 2957 Dearborn street, to Mr.
Charles E. Mitchell. The Rev. Jenifer
of Quinn Chapel was the officiating
clergyman. Miss Mamie Maxwell was
bride's-maid and Mr. C. Saunders was
groomsman on the interesting occasion
The wedding was an elegant, but a very
quiet affair none but near relatives and
a few invited guests participating. The
happy couple after receiving congratula
tions took the 5 p. M. train the same
evening fo.r their home at Tacoma,
Washington, accompanied by the best
wisnes of their many friends, and the
bride never appeared to better advan
tage than in her elegant traveling cos
A Little Black Hero,
A little black boy on the Senegal River
in Africa, is the proud possesor of a gold
medal sent to him by the French Minis
ter of Marine and the Colonies. The
boy is now 12 years old, and the act
which has received this token of recog
nition from the French Government oc
curred when he was only 9. He lives
near Bakel, the chief town, far inland,
on the Upper Senegal, and he witnessed
some of the stirring scenes three years
ago when the Marabout Lamame laid
waste a large district, and gave French
interests in Upper Senegal such a lively
One day he was with his mother in
their straw hut when he saw some of
the Marabout soldiers set fire to some
huts near by and then start to apply
the torch to his own home. He picked
up his father's breech-loader, and
though he was not strong enough to
hold the weapon to his phoulder, he
shot two of the soldiers dead and the
others ran for dear life. The incident is
mentioned in the official reports on the
French campaign against the Marabout,
and the boy now has a medal to show
what a plucky nine-year-old he was.
Now York Sun.
Causes of Divorce.
Divorces, according to the report of
the commissioner of labor, have been
granted in this country to the follawing
causes: "One woman was granted a di
vorce because her husband persisted in
coming home at ten o'clock at night and
keeping her awake talking. This she
called mental cruelty, and the cour
agreed with her. Another woman se
cured a divorce because her husband
cut off her bangs by force, and still ano
ther, because her spouse refused to cut
his toe-niils. One wife's feelings were
lacerated to the point of legal separa
tion because her husband would not
wash himself, thus causing her mental
anguish. The sensibilities of another
wife were outraged past cure because
her husband said her sister was a thief.
One man got a divorce because his wife
didn't sew on his buttons."
There are several weddings to come
Mr. R. J. Harlan, Jr., is suffering from
The Pleasure Seekers Club gave an
entertainment on the 2d.
Miss Mary Gray of Paris, 111., has
been spending the holidays with her
The funeral of Cbae. H. Slater, one of
our well-known citizens took place from
Union Chapel Sunday.
The Choral Society was favored with a
large and attentiye audience on the
night of their grand concert.
Who Was Your Great Grandfa
The Detroit Journal desires to receive
by postal card, the addrees of all living
male and female descendents of revolu
tionary officers and soldiers of 1776, and
when possible, the name snd state of the
ancestor. Wonder if W. H. Brearley,
proprietor of the Detroit Journal, is
contemplating a raid upon the national
A Western Young Man Wins
Bessie's Heart but
Mitchell the Masher.
The latest sensation is the love and
wooing of Miss Rodman. Some time
ago she became acquainted with a young
man from the far west by the name of
C. E. Mitchell. He was much infatuated
with Miss Rodman and did not hesitate
to inform her. He returned to his wild
home and began to furnish extra work
for the mail carrier in the immediate
vicinity of Miss Rodman'B residence.
The first letter was as follows:
"My darling Bessie:I desire to say
that I have arrived home safely and
that I've been thinking of you ever since
I bade you good bye. It is my desire to
correspond with you. In the first place
I must say, I am not flirting with you.
I am anxious to marry and you are my
ideal. With this in view I will write to
you. I must admit I fell in love with
you at first tight and you know that is
the only true love. A thousand kisses.
Remember I am only yours,
C. E. M."
To this Miss RodnJan responded and
the correspondence continued. Photo
graphs were exchanged. The mail bags
were kept full of matter passing be
tween the two. A few days before the
holidays Miss Rodman received a letter
from her beloved which filled her heart
with joy because he intormed her that
he would be in Chicago about Christmas
in order to pefect the arrangements for
the wedding which was to occur in the
spring. He came, sure enough, but not
to take Miss Rodman. was quietly
married to Miss Frankie Woodward last
Tuesday afternoon and the couple
boarded a train for Tacoma, Wash.,
where they will reside.
Miss Rodman resolved on New Years
to never, no never have her heart
played upon by another Western young
A subscriber by the name of Smith,
sends a two-column article Jor publica
tion and in the same letter, orders his
paper to be discontinued.
Wants a Divorce.
Mrs. Emma V. Fulford has applied
for a divorce from her husband. In
her petition she alleges that ho gave a
Christmas present in the form of a ter
rible beating. Fulford is worth about
$10,000 so she claims alimony.
Mrs. J. H. Hunter.
Begs to announce that she is prepared
to accommodate delegates to the National
League Convention with strictly first
class rooms and board. Best meals in
the city. Call and be convinced. Don't
forget the number 201 Third avenue.
Notice to'the Public.
As the rest of the social clubs have
given up the idea of having masquerade
balls and have si en fit to leave it to the
Young Men's New Hiding Club, they
beg to announce to their many patrons
and friends that they will give the first
grand masquerade of the season at Cen
tral Hall in February. For particulars
see next issue.
G. D. Taylor, Pres.
J. H. Norris, Sec.
A grand musical and literary enter
tainment will be given by William
Lloyd Garrison Assembly No. 8286, K.
of L. at Central Hall, Wednesday even
ing January 29. After the rendition of
an excellent program the grand march
will occur. Music by Forest & Thomp
son's military band. Admission 0 cents
children under 12 years 25 cents. Com
mittee, A. Lewis, Chairman, R. S.
Bryan, R. B. Cabbell, J. B, Hart, J. B.
Bubbins, Wm. Buckner, Miss M. Brent,
Mrs. Mary Thomas.
WENT DOWN WITH McGINTY!
The "400" N Longer Exists.
Was absolyed by the latest society
inovation the "1200" will fill every box
(except those reserved for the distin
guished delegates), orchestra, parquet
circle, and balcony seats in Madison
street theatre on Thursday evening Jan
16th, to witness the unequaled perform
ance of Detroit's wonderful dramatic
and humorus elocutionist Madam Fran
ces E. Preston, supported by the only
Colored Adonis,her daughter Miss Liilie
F. Preston, and well-known Chicago
talent, under the management of the
Garden City Concert Co. J. C. Battles
manager R, R. Cabbell, secretary.
Secure your seats now! Scale of prices
25c, 35c, 50c, 75c and $1.00. Tickets are
on sale at R. S. Bryan, 446 State street
F. L. Barnett, 180 Clark street F. A
Chinn, 338 30th street Citizens Com
mittee headquarters Library Associa
tion Rooms 329 Dearborn street, and at
Madison street theatre during the daily
sessions of the convention.
The Afro-American League.
The Afro-American League Conven
tion meets in this city Wednesday Jan.
15, at Madison Street Theatre. The
convention will be in session tnree days.
Wednesday evening a reception will be
tendered the delegates at the First
Regiment Armory. Thursday afternoon
a reception will be tendered the dele
gates by Mr. E. H. Lee, the artist.
Thursday evening a grand concert will
take place at Madison Stree Theatre, in
honor of the delegates. The following
delegates have been elected in Chicago.
Fourth Ward AssemblyRev. J. T.
Thomas, Jas. E. Jones, Robert G. Hall,
Frank Butler, J. D. Alexander, D. W.
Dempcy, A, S.Gamblee.
John A. Logan Second Ward ClubJ.
E. Bish, J. Harris, J. Ransom,
John Carter, Geo. W Rucker, John M.
Cook County ClubE. A. Payne,
Richard Marshall, William Hunter, A.
J. Bennet, D. J. Johnson,
The delegates from the Fourth Con
gressional district are: S. N. Wood, R.
D. Morrell, Geo. W. Johnson, W. H.
Twiggs, J. H. Porter.
(CONTIMJED FROM FIRST PAGE)
The Polyorama was given under the
auspices of The Once a week Club which
was organized shortly after the "Three
Feasts." Of this club Mrs. Geo. Duck
ett was elected chairman, and thus be
came captain of the bazaar. Mesdames
Banister and Lazzenberry were elected
captains of the ticket committees. Un
der these three bands the Polyorama
was given. Miss Ella Smith is secretary
of the Club and Mrs. Sarah Waldon
treasurer. Miss Maggie Fogg and Miss
Viola Berry are each especially named
as having done most excellent work.
After having paid all expenses the
ladies turned over to the trustees $278.-
34 which makes for the two sections of
the annual fair $587.51 net proceeds.
The trustees return hereby thanks to
the ladies for their noble efforts, and to
the public for its unvarving liberality.
The Once A Week Club will give an
entertainment on St. Valentine Day.
The St. Paul League.
The league met at St. James church
Tuesday night as per announcement.
The attendance was not large but the
workers any those who are truly inter
ested in the work were present and
several new names were added to the
membership. The regular routine of
business was gone through with after
which nominations for delegates to the
National Convention were declared in
order. The league being entitled to
two delegates, Mr. E. P. Wade nomin
ated F. L. :\9c8hee, Esq., and Mr. J. W.
Ellison nominated Mr. J. Q. Adams.
There b^ing no other nominations on
motion the secretary was ordered to cast
the vote of the league for the candidates
named which was done, and they were
declared duly elected. The league then
adjourned to meet at the same place
next Monday evening at 8 o'clock.
Installation of Officers.
The installation of officers for Abra
ham Lodge K. P., No. 1, was held at
their lodge Thursday night when the
following officers were installed by Su
preme Deputy Brown of Minneapolis
and Asst. Dep. Parker:
Sir Andrew Jackson, C. C.
Sir S. W. Light, V. C.
Sir C. P. Crawford, P. C.
Sir H. Hampshire, Prelate.
Sir G, Duckett, M. Ex.
Sir Wm. Gray, K. of R. and S.
Sir G. Bradley, M. F.
Sir W. I. Miller, M. A.
Sir D. Murff, I. G.
Sir H. Willett, O. G.
After the installation each officer made
a speech in behalf of the lodge. Sir
Wicks of Minneapolis made a fine speech
also Asst. Dep. Parker after which a
fine supper was severd.
One degree was conferred upon John
Monday Jan, 13th has been set apart
by the board of directors for the regular
visitors night. Members inviting guests
should govern themselves accordingly.
W. H. Butt, Pres.
T. R. King, Sec.
Knights of Pythias.
Abraham Lodge, No. 1, K. P.. meets
at Odd Fellows hall on Wabasha street
1st and 3d Thursday in each month.
Andrew Jackson, C. C.
W. Gray, K. of R. and S.
A Real Spook.
A special to one of our leading daily
papeis from Cochrane, Wis., says: "For
several years the existence of a ghost
has been reported here. Last Friday a
party was organized to investigate. Ar
riving at the ghost's walk, we saw an
object about ten feet high and six or
seven inches in diameter. It slowly ad
vanced to within a rod of the most dar
ing. Some of the parties fled, but those
who remained saw it suddenly disap- ^~~g.,..
pear." No European family of ancient
lineage and blood, with any pretentions
to note, is without a veritable and well
authenticated ghost. "The Burlington"
is away ahead of its competitors in this
respect,as well as in those of fast time,
smoothness of track and elegance of
equipment. This is recognized by the
traveling public, generally, and allowed
by all who patronize the line. For tick
ets, time tables, rates, and any informa
tion, address agents of "The Burlington
R. B. Harrison has arrived from the
HE APPEAL for sale at E. G. Coles, W.
Hotel Broadwater elosed yesteaday
and will remain closed during the dull
Mr. M. F. Williams has engaged
Messrs. F. Carroll and E. Buckner for
Mr. James Collins, bartender at the
Mountain Club, who was confined to his
bed for several days with a severe cold
is out again.
Mrs. Foster, mother of W. Alexander,
late of Washington, D. died here
this week or consumption after an ill
ness of several months. Age 57 years.
or connecting lines, or write to W. J. C. joss on all fours and pourshis petition
Kenyon, Gen. Pass. Agent, C. B. & N.R. into patient figure's patient wooden
R.,St. Paul,Minn. Sears. A well-regulated joss house al-
169 S.Clark St., Chicago.
^mmmmmm^mmm Consultation personally or
by mail HiE E of Charge ou Private, Ner
vous, Chronic and Special Diseases.
HOURS: 9A.M. to 8 P.M. SUNDAYS9to 12 A.M.
ARE YOU AWARE THAT AT SMITH & FARWELL'S
Societies That Flourish Among the
Heathens of America.
gome of tlie Peculiar Ways of John
ChinamanSocieties Devoted to Law-
lessnessThe "Kan De" and
[Special Chicago Correspondence
Peculiar customs have been brought
this country by different peoples.
Some ha\e been elevating in their ef
fects as, for instance, the German Christ
mas tree some, like the French mardi
gras, have been amusing, and others,
like the Chinese
HOUSE, you can get an elegant housekeeping outfit at clo*e cash
prices and on easy terms. They Lave Ca.pets, Shades, Draperies,
Furniture, Stoves and Kangcs. SMITH & FAKWELL, 339 41 E. 7.
vil festnal, have
been observed with such quietness that
their existence has hardly become
Chinese civilization is an interesting
study, and when one has the opportu
nity to become acquainted with a well
bred Chinaman he can learn many
things concerning which encyclopedias
or hooks of travel give no information.
In this way, that is, by conversing with
my friend Lee Chong Wong, I became
aware of the fact the other day that the
QUAN GOOX, 1 HE MIGHTY JOSS.
lower class of Chinamen living in Chi
cago, the coolies and other followers of
the mongrel Buddhism espoused by the
pariahs of China, celebrated in the
seventh moon of each year the devil's
This festival, Lee told me, has its
origin in a legend relating to the mother
of a fabulous person, Mu-lien, who was
a very wicked woman indeed. After her
death she appeared one night to her son
with a wooden collar around her neck,
and told a wToeful
tale of her sufferings
in the regions of the damned. She said
she was enduring with as much forti
tude as she could command the penalty
of her sins, and finally pleaded with her
son to deliver her out of the hands of
Pluto. The young man wras
to undertake the task until the wom
an told him that he could accom
plish what she wanted provided he
became a Buddhist priest, the sacred
calling giving him access to a certain
temple which had a door leading to the
lower realm. The son, after a little
hesitation, complied with his mother's
request and became a devout priest.
After having been in the temple for sev
eral months he found the door to the
shades below, where dwell the wicked
ones, and knocked it open. lie then had
a little confab with Pluto, who, like a
great many other good fellows, was open
to conviction and willing to listen to an
able argument, and after taking the
case under advisement the judge of the
lower regions agreed to set all his pris
oners free for a certain length of time
every year, beginning on the fifteenth
of the seventh moon, and this agreement
has been faithfully kept ever since the
time when St. Mu-lien knocked open
The Chicago coolies, who no doubt feel
that in consequence of this compact
their ancestors are at large in the
seventh moon, burn immense quantities
of perfumed rice-paper and counterfeit
moneyJohn is too practical to part ith
the genuine articlein honor of the de
parted, and enjoy themselves by con
suming extraordinary quantities of rice
and opium an by implorin Kwa Goon,
mightiest Joss of Chinese Buddhism
to release the spirits of their forebears.
Chinamen, it might be well to say, are
their own priests, and when they ap
proach the images of their favorite gods
with sufficient modesty and humility the
gods are just as apt to listen to their ap
peals as to those of consecrated priests.
To gain favor with the images the sup
plicant must burn as many perfumed
joss sticks as he can buy, a million or
so of counterfeit money and a printer's
bundle of aromatic rice-paper.
This accomplished, he approaches the
J.UJ.O auuumpiisnea approacne tn
TOSSING THE PBOPHETIC CHIPS.
ways contains a full stock of deities, of
which there are several thousand, but
Kwan Goon, a picture of whose image
appears elsewhere, is the prominent
figure in every Celestial temple.
Like all Orientals, the Chinese are de
cidedly superstitious and have un
bounded faith In prophecies which are
Dbtained in tbe joss house by praying
Mid by tossing crescent-shaped pieces of
wood into the air. If the pieces fall
nrith the flat side up good luck will
attend the enterprise concerning which
information is asked. If they fall flat
ide down, ill-luck will surely follow
*nd if one falls flat side up and the other
Hat side down the chances are about
Th at a people so benighted is easily
led by a comparatively small number of
designing adventurers goes without say
ing. Crime thrives most where igno
rance is universal, and hence the West
ern people have never doubted the ex
istence of the Chinese societies whose
members have devoted their lives to
murder and extortion. Within the past
five or six years the most formidable
organization of the kind, the Kan De, or
Heaven and Earth Society, erroneously
sailed the Highbinders, has obtained a
strong foothold tho United States, but
more especially in San Francisco, where
its members ha\e for a long time keot
the police busy.
Igmally the Kan De Society was
a ^eriotic organization whose purpose
was the uprooting of the present Tartar
iynasty and the elevation to the throne
of Tae-Ping, the organizer of the revo
lutionary movement. The rebels made
a strong fight against the troops of the
Emperor, but were finally crushed by the
Government. Its leaders, however, who
were united in a sort of inner circle,
succeeded in reuniting the defeated
tools of their plot, and formed an asso
ciation of bandits, who took a solemn
oath to obey the orders of their su
periors without gmng th^m either
thought or consideration. The work of
the lower circles was planned by the in
ner circles and ever since that time the
Kan De has done a thriving business
in the shape of blackmailing and as
Chinamen of all classes aie mortally
afraid of the Kan De, and even those
living Chicago, which foitunatPly
never has had a lodge of the assassins,
dare not gne an explanation of the
methods adopted by the society in car
rying out its decrees. Lee Chong Wong,
who is ever ready to give information to
his Caucasian friends, will not speak
about the Kan De, although he has fre
quently criticised the Chinese Govern
ment and other institutions dear to the
Celestial heart, knowing full well that
if He ventured to enter into any of the
details of the terrible butcheries perpe
trated by its members he would disap
pear from the scenes of human activity
some night, never to be seen again.
The oath of the association, the orig
inal Chinese of which appears in an
other place, is short but to the point.
In it the neophyte swears eternal al
legiance to the Heaven and Earth Soci
ety and its objects, and sure and terrible
death to all enemies and traitors who
refuse to obey the orders of their su
The oath is obeyed to the letter, and
when the leaders see fit to dictate the
death of any person who has mcuried
their displeasure, his doom is sealed.
He will disappear suddenly as though
the bowels of the earth had opened to
devour him, and his body will never
more be seen. Dozens of Chinamen in
San Francisco, St. Louis and New York
ha\ vanished in this mysterious man
ner, but only once have the murderers
been brought to justice.
According to a New York Chinaman
who seems to be well versed in the mat
ter under discussion, a circle of the Kan
OATH OF THE KAN DE IN CHINESE.
De consists of twelve members after the
number of signs in the Zodiac, and
these signs in a circle, with a dagger
and a joss-stick crossed, form the society
The Highbinders (Ghee Hin) is an
other criminal organization which has
secured a foothold in this country. Al
though not as formidable as the Kan
De, its members have done their full
share toward making the existence of
their compatriots uncomfortable.
Highbinders are criminals of a ^low
order who can be hired by the high
est bidder to perform deeds of-shame?
but they have never been known to make
murder a profession. They exist princi
pally on the proceeds of blackmail,
which, by[the way, seems to be the most
popular mode of livelihood among the
criminal classes of China. Wealthy
merchants who have accumulated a fair
share of this world's goods are taxed a
certain amount per year, and laundry
men in easy circumstances are com
pelled to pay certain lump sums in con
sideration of whose payment their prop
erty is insured against depredation by
members of the society.
Before closing this article the writer
desires to state that while he has aimed
to give a true account of the doings and
methods of these lawless societies in the
United States he does not venture} to
pronounce them authentic, as their
secrets have never been made known to
any great extent. The statements that
have been made, however, are based,
upon information obtained from th
most reliable sources and from the re
ports of journalists and police officers
who have investigated the matter. Orig
inally the Heaven and Earth Society
was, no doubt, as has been stated, a po
litical organization, which at one time
had a high aim, but has now degenerat
ed into a dangerous secret society di
rected by able heads. The Highbinders
and their methods have figured repeat
edly in American courts, and there can
consequently exist no difference of
opinion as to the objects and aims at
r-' G. W. WxippiEJKR