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S 'VOL 14JNO. of UP THE AWEULlRAZtf A COSTA RICA VOLCANO WITH AN EVIL RECORD, Day's Ride Mnleback -Crater of This Men ster Is 12,000 Feet Above the SeaKxper perlence of Some Americans Who Spent a Night There. CARTAGO, Costa Rica. 10.Special Correspondence.Whoever visits Costa Rica hears a great deal about Iraau, the awe-inspir ing volcano, and of the mischief and terror he has caused. Living at hit feet la the old City of (Jartago, you are constantly impressed by his majesty, and sometimes by his beauty, when storm clouds muster black around his cloven forehead, or when he veils hlmseil In fleecy misl, or dons a gorgeous.sun&etJ-ahe. f rosy purple." You are told how, in the year 1723. fronTthe middle ot February to th middle of March, Izaru never ceased roaring and rumbling, as with the rush of subter ranean rivers, at intervals opening his Jaws and rolling forth billows of Bmoke how peo ple on the slopes' and in the valleys far below were stifled by the sulphurous exhalations and how at night balls of Are were whirled aloft from the crater, sheeting the sky with flames, until it became for miles around more fiercely bright than was ever known in th hottest day at noon. All this, and much more, you may read in the quaint official re port of the royal Governor of that day, Senoi Don Diego de la Haya of Cartago. He relates how, at one time during that dreadful month, a vapor rose out of the crater, white as cot ton and shaped like a bended bow until, at the height of two lances, it grew into the form of an enormous palm leaf, which re mained suspended in mid air .while one might pay an Ave Maria then, resuming its former chape of a bended bow, it slowly descended and disappeared again within the boiling gulf. How the rumblings of the volcano grew louder and louder until they struck the bewil dered ear with the force of ten thousand forges all at work at once, while red-hot bowlders and scoriae, multiplied In volume, lore asunder the Jaws of the monster as they gushed forth upon doomed Cartago. The Monster Has Four Mouths. How at last all the lakes and streams were turned to seething mud, the afflicted'city was buried under burning dust, and all Its splen did churches and casas, uprooted from the palsied earth, lay scorched and blackened' in utter ruin. Nor was this the first or last erup tion of Irazu. The monster has four mouths, or craters, one of them so old that enormous oaks grow in it, andi Humboldt and other sci entists say that more than' two thousand years must have elapsed since it was first opened. Another of these craters forms a lake which gives rise to the River Reventa zon, the enibrochure of which, according to Thomas Gage, was a commercial resort as early as 1626. The earthquakes caused by this Ill-tempered volcano have been frequent and severe. There was one in 1756, and another in 1822, both oi which overthrew Cartago. The last of serious consequences occurred in the autumn of 1842, when, according to the official account oi Senor Telesfaro Peralta, Governor of the province, fully one-third of the city's popula tion, at that time estimated tqibe about 18.00U,- lay buried for hours beneath the ruins of their homes. "But, wonderful to relate," adds Governor Peralta, "only sixteen were killed." Wonderful Indeed, but not incredible, when we reflect that the one-storled casas are most ly of adobes, which easily resolve themselves into the parent dust. Every house in the town was demolished In that general shaking up, except one, which deserves to stand forever. It is the old casa in whose courtyard Padre Valvordi planted the first coffee-tree in Costa Rican soil, in 1819. The venerable tree, by the way, is yet alive, though long past its useful ness, and continues to put forth a few snow white blossoms in their season. In a. Day's Journey. Now and then, to this day, the grim cyclops, frowning overhead, grumbles and sends up Suffsis of smoke, as If to assure the world that is by no means a pipe of peace. One would think that the Cartagoans would heed his threatenings and choose some safer site, but, as Don Ttlesfaro Peralta writes: "Such Is the love which the people of Cartago feel for their native soil that they bear with pa tience all these eyils, and as often as their be loved city is thrown down, they rebuild their homes out of Its ruins." This remarkable spirit of stick-to-a-tivenesB seems to be strangely true of the dwellers near all vol canoes. Think of the towns and villages on the slopes of Vesuvius! Leigh JIunt, writing of Torre del Greco, says that the inhabitants thereof have always persisted in constructing their houses, over and over again, on top of those that have been buried, thus keeping up an obstinate but unavailing struggle with one of the most fearful powers of nature. It may be a wise provision of Providence which thus keeps the most forbidding spots on earth Inhabited but with the good people of Cartago I believe it Is more a matter of laziness, they being constitutionally too inert to strike out and take root elsewhere. You may easily ascend Irazu by a long Bay's journey on muleback, starting before daybreak. I have several times gone up tne mountain as far as the highest hut in a few hours' pleasant climbing but, not satisfied with that, a party was made up last week to visit the crater, 12,000 feet above the sea. While Cartago was yet sound asleep, we clat tered past the central plaza and up the slop ing street, for the ascent begins with the suburbs of the city. Harvest* Without Labor. A cobble-paved road, used chiefly by na tives living on the mountain side, runs a considerable distance, and then you strike Into devious paths, among thickly strewn bowlders vomited from Irazu's throat in some prehistc day. Half an hour takes you out of the torrid zone of oranges, aloes, pine apples, and bananas, to a temperate region of peaches, pears, blackberries, wheat, corn, and potatoes and in the upper altitudes, away up in the land of the sky, the ther mometer soiretimes falls belows 30 degrees Fahrenheit. Nowhere else in tropical Amer ica can such contrasts in climate and flora be found as in an hour's ride from Cartago up Irazu. The slopes of the volcano are particularly favorable for cattle grazing, and. .strangely enough, while the plains below are ^comparatively unappropriated, these steep pasture grounds are carefully divided into patchea, each with Its hut occupied by the herder's family. Quick, bright streams are passed, hurrying to their work of watering the valley, and lucious fruits, growing by the wayside, invite you to fill your saddle-bags. Halw-way up tne mountain you see corn an barley growing with as much vigor as in Illinois or Ohio, although its cultivators are still scratching up the earth with a wooden plow of the same pattern as those used in Egypt in the time of the Pharaohs. The seed once scattered broadcast #recelves no care until ready for the harvest, whieh comes with the following dry season. In gathering the orn, the ear is picked from the stalk and hauled to the adobe house, where it is spread cut to dry in the sunny patio, and then stored away in the corners of the kitchen and under the cowhide beds for future use in the making of tortillasthe unleavened cakes that take the place of bread among the poorer elasses in all these countries. Thefieldis now fired and the dry stalks' and weeds are burned, the ashes forming the only fertilizer known in the country. The possibilities of this Incomparable zone throughout the whole of Central America, where the climate is absolute perfection from year to year, are yet in the cradle of devel opment. All the fruits of the temperate zone, to say nothing of the cereals and vegetables might be successfully grown with little outlay jVl and less trouble, and find ready market here i as luxuries. Apples command abetter rice :n central America than oranges in tne Unltec States simply because the supply does not equal the demand. I have paid a real (12 cents) for a shriveled up apple enveloped ir tissue paper, which a Yankee would no mort consider fit to eat than a Costa Rlcan woulc countenance some of the abortive pineapple* and bananas that are sold in the North. Above the corn and barley on the slopes of Irazu the Irish potato crop grows to perfection, with i yield quite equal to that of the United Stattt and commands afar greater price", being solo in the market by the piece or at most by tht quart. Beyond the potato field you enter belt of scanty timber, the gnarled and knotted trees festooned from top to bottcni with bril liant orchids and swaying wreaths of Snanist moss. Deep ravines now furrow the moun tain side and the trail, through dense under brush of cedar and arbutus briars, over slip pery stones and fallen logs, and under low branches, is very toilsome, a regular ladder a thousand feet high, the rungs of which are dead tree trunks, shelving rocks, and brawnj roots. Here you leave the saddle and moun the rest of the way on foot, finally througt (Continued an Tt. Column.) MILWAUKEE. THE CREAM CITY OF THE LAKES AND ITS FOLKS. Items of all Sorts Gathered Together Our Ubiquitous Reporter and Served up in Dainty Style for the Delectation of Our Readers. Deacon Chas. Barker Jiat. is on the sick Mr. Jas. Noland of Chicago, was in the city. Mrs. A. L. Miles has returned from Chicago. Mr. A.T. Brosdy Las returned from "The Klondike." Mr. Black wf II spent Sunday in Ra cine with hiB family. Col B. F. L. Taylor tell off a street car and sprained his hand very badly. Miss Gertie Walker has fully recover ed from her illness and is able t" go out sg.tiu. Mr. P. D. Moore and daughter, Mrs Edward Black well, have returned to Racine. Hon. W. T. Green requests that the young men's Republican Club get ready for tbe spring election. Mrs. P. U. Thorns*, W. M. of the Eastern Star Society, came up from Ra cine to preside over their regular month ly meeting. Harvey Greer- of Quincy 111., is in tbe city visiting his sister, Mrs, Thos. H., Sanford of 613 Statelet. He will remain for an indefinite period. Mr. Walter ^Hawkins has returned from Chicago where he was called to the sick bedjof his! mother, Mro. Elder Hawkins, who is lying -seriously ill at her son's residence, Mr. Jackson Haw kins. Mr. JobnlB. Buford has been elected an honorary member of Holiyrood Commandery. This is an honor con fered upontnone except those who have been faithful to the order. It was due tc the untiring energy of Sir J. B. Bu ford that we were successful in organiz ing a commandery in the Cream City. Rev. R. 'H. Walker Jr., has been preaching more than ten years. lie was licensed by Providence Bsptist Church Chisago, March 21, 1894. He now resides in Milwaukee. He has transformed a'large part of the new tes tament into poetry and hasa large num ber of sermons which he is compiling to be published in book form next month. Mr. Harry Perkins, formerly of Lex ington, Ky., attended an entertainment at Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Rice's on Jn. '6n\ HP called for nine bottleB of beer and throwing up his hands, to hiofore head expired in a short time. His remains were taken to tbe morgue where a poBt-tnortem examination was held. Tbe doctors pronounced the cause of death to he from excessive' drink. Capt. J. B. Buford was e'ected vice president of tbe 4th ward Republican Club (white). This is the first time in the history of politics in this city that this honor was ever shown an Afrc Ametican. I am sorry to say that some of our race not only tried, but did suc ceed in stuffioa|the ballot box in an ef fort to defeat Mr. Buford. If it had mt been for his friends they would have f-ucceeded, Lee Robinson, the Afro-American who attempted to shoot Leola Duncan last February, was fouud guilty of a charge of apsan].-. with intent to 11 in I murd-r, and Judge Wlber sentenced him to five years at WHUpun. Tqesen *Tjce is pimilinr to the one given Dave Patton for a like off*nc- two voire ag'. Robins)n crifd like child when sen ence was montunced, and manv of bis friends in the court room were dumb founded at tne severity of the sentence and eould scarcely believe it. Uncle Dick Catlin and Deacon Ca Lyvers had a dispute a9 to which one of tbem gaye the most money to the church during the year. Uncie Dick claimed that he attended some church regularly each Sunday, while Deacon Lyvers only passed by the door on his way home. Uncle Dick has challenged him for a ten round glove contest to settle the dispute for $25 aside on condition that the win ner is to pive the money to some church. Sol Jackson will second Deacon Lyvers while Jae. Parks "the light weight" will stand behind Uncle Dick. We expect to see a lively go as these two old pil grim warriors have heard the born blow in the days of yore. ~'._.... I_. ...1.1 "1'*T~jm LOUTSVItLElJ FACTS AND FANCIES OF THE BEAUTIFUL "FALLS CITY." 4 0 A Sellable Becord of til* Happening! Among the Afro-American Residents oi the Metropolis of Keatucky-Xoalsvtii. Itocal Laconics. Miss Prima Fitzbutler spent tbe holi days in Lexington. Mies Marie S. Browne is quite ill at her home 606 Roselane street. Rev. 8. Smith of Owensboro, spent several days in the city last week. Miw Alberta RobirjEonlof the Kormal Ciass is still very ill at her home on Jef ferson st."^ Miss Dollie Smith of Chicago, is in the city, the guest of Miss Daisy B. Harrip, Thirteeth street. SrMiss Lillian Morris, who has been quite ill, is now able to resume her wors at tbe Western School. William Stewart Jr., and Carolvn an a VMO -xeei i ueorcerow wno nav j N Apples fail to Respond to Heat. A peculiar feature of the apples grown in this section the last season is that they will not cook properly. Many a housewife has been surprised that the best varieties of cooking ap ples can not be cooked, as usual. They are tough and stringy, and when sliced for cooking retain their snape, no matter how long they may be kept on the stove, instead of "cooking to pieces," as they should. Grocers and apple men have been flooded with complaints about the apples they sell. The unusual condition of the fruit, ex plained an old apple grower and hand ler yesterday, is due to the dry weath er that came just when the fruit was filling and maturing.Kansas City Journal. Will Explore Pamir. Lietuenant Olufsen, a Dane, who re turned last spring from Central Asia, will next year fit out a new expedi tion to the Pamir regions in order to make geographical and ethnographical explorations in the northern part of the Wakhan valley. The expedition will be supported by the Danish gov ernment out of the Carlsberg fund, and will be absent for two years. The party 'will include two scientific ex perts. Safe Advice. In a conversation upon the manifold dangers to which people expose them selves who travel in railway carriages, a noted English architect said: "The great rule is never to look out of the window until "you are. good thirty miles from London." ^JS$^r 3& sis Defective Page ST. PAUL AND MINNEAPOLIsTiBfN., SATURDAY. JANUARY 15,1898. THE BLAl Hf NAPOLEON.*' Urici Wan the Ruler of Africa' Greatest Empire But Is Now an Bktye on St. Helena. ST. HELENA, Dei 20.-In the island bl St. Helena,, where the white Ngpoleon end ed his days a prisoner of the English, a black Napoleon Is living* how, also a pris oner. It Is a singular chapter of coin cidences which seems to unite the for tunes of the house of Bonaparte and the house of Chaka. Early in the century. When Napoleon was overrunning- -Europe with his armies and dazzling the minds of men with his gentus, an English sailer was wrecked on the African coast and wandered Into Zululand. He was taken before the young chief, Chaka, and to him he told of the wonder, ful outside world, of which the chief had heard rumors, and as all the worM was then filed with the name of Napo'^enn he told of the, rise of the Corslcan and how he had conquered nations and built uj.: for himself -a 'g%pat, empire. The story oi Napoicon" captured the fancy of Chaka. and he resolved' to be an African Na poleon. Then began the rise of the great Zulu power in South Africa, and Chaka spread his conquests over great territories, anil subjugated neighboring tribes and built for himself an empire, it flourished until It broke itself to pieces aaainst the .ic- lish. just as the empire of the man v/hose1 name had inspired its building did beiue it. The empire established- by Chaka stretched along the'whole southeast sen-' board cf Africa, from Limpopo to Capes Colony, and extended far inland WV ^C^0*- **1*3 Stewart entertained a number of their lm the empirle of Amazuia: was the *moeS little friends Jan. 4th, in honor of Susie Powerful in Africa. Chaka made a treaty and Otto Steele of Georgetown who have th 1 a a j. EMPIRE. i. When the English landed in Natal In En ,sh W -allowing them to liv an fo been their guests for tbe past week. bis brother, Dlngaanh 1828. Then began ,i8n vmB kllle OINIZULU, "THE BLACK NAPOLEON" NOW CAPTIVE ON ST. HELENA. tne struggle between the white man ar.c the black man which was to end in th destruction of the empire founded hy Chaka. Peace and war alternated, and al the time the Zulus lost wound. Finally, in 1883-84 the British felt bound to blot out the Zulu power. Then it was that Cetewayo,'the heir of Chaka, summoned forth his whole force and hurled his "imps," or regiments on thegregation British. A Isandula the ZUlus broke the British squares and routed the red-coats, but the end was the capture of the chief and the breaking of the Zulu power.' In this war the house of Bonaparte again became mixed up with the fortunes of the house of Chaka. The prince Imperial, giand-nephew of the man whose example had inspired the building of the empire of the Amazulu, went out to .fight. In. the ranks of the English and was kl!lcd by a Zulu spear. In 1884 Cetewayo died and the quarrel was continued by his son, Dinizulu.. Dinizulu was conquered, and now he has been sent to St. Helena to end his days on the spot where the man whose example caused the building- up of the black kings empire died. BIG RETINUE. As becomes the head of a great and war like line, Dihizulu is accompanied in his exile by a numerous retinue. Hi two uncles, several chiefs, a physician and i clergyman, witn their wives and children, make up a household as numerous as w that of the great Napoleon when at St. Helena. The chaplain of the royal exiles is Pai Hijimkula, a "catechlst" from Cape Town who was invited many years ago by Cetewayo to come to Zululand and teach the people. Is called by the Zulus "Doctor Paul." accompanied' the ex iles to St. Helena of his own accord. Dr. Wilby, an Englishman, is the physician to the exiled household. All the Zulu at tendants who wait on the exiles went to St. Helena of their own accord.,. Dinizulu speaks and writes-, English fluently, and is a man of more than ordin ary Intelligence. A effort Is now being made to procure the release of Dinizulu. It is argued that his return to his own people would convince them that the Eng lish intend to deal fairly with them. Bist the British government would hardly dare to place again in the heart of the valiant nation of the zulu a man of the ability and the bravery of Dinizulu. SAINT LOTJIS. SOCIAL:' ''MATTERS. CONDENSED INTO SMALL SPACE. For the Benefit of our Thousands of Bead- enAll Sorts of News Items Fram the City by tlte Bi BridgeThe Fatur Great" at the Present Time. The Board of Education will probably be called upon at its next meeting to consider a proposition to move the Pub lic Library from its present quarters to the first and second floors of the board's building at Ninth and Locust streets. John Herron, age about50, was burned to death in bis room in the stable in the rear of 2615 Olive street, Sunday evening. The fire was discovered by Mrs. I. Wentworth, who owns the prem ises, but it had made such headway that it was impossible to save the old man Dr. Louis Crusius, professor of histol ogy at the Marion-Sims Medical College, died at that institution Sunday morning from shock following an operation per formed on him there by Dr. A. C. Ber nays Friday. He leaves a widow, for merly Mrs. J. Topp at one time a teacher in the Dumas school. St. Louis has the most original of par- sons. He is young, wide-awake, up-to date and full of novel ideas. He is Rev C. N. Moller, rector of St. John's Epis copal Church. He is ihe author of a turtasque. He believes in dancing and encourages the young people of his con to dance. Tbe last dancing party was tbe result of his own sugges tion. It was given last Tuesday evening and was attended by fifty young couples. Tne will of the late Antoinette Thom as Alton, II]., who died over month ago, was probated Tuesday at Ed wardr ville 111.. The deceased had lived in St. Louis for many years, and owned con. siderable property here, consequently there was much ioterest manifested ao to the disposition of her estate. The will names J. P. Thomas, tbe testator's husband, as executor, without bond. 8he gives the following amounts to in stitutions and relatives here and vicini ty: SS. Peter and Paul's Church, $100 as a gift and a like amount for marsas 8\ Vincent's Church, $100: Colored Cftthn ic Orphans Asylum, $100 Mrs. Barbara Hudlin of Clayton. Mo., her adop ed daughter, $300. The remaind er of the estate, valued at $75,000, is di vided equally among Mrs. Thomas' five children. A Train Chechen A Belgian has invented an automat ic train-checker, which has just been successfully tested in France. The ap paratus was placed in position at a distance of 250 yards from the station. It consists of an immense iron catch, fastened to the rails and regulated by wjrewd lever Jrom^th^ftaUoB, When lying flat trains pass it wicnoux aim culty. When raised it catches a lever suspended from a passing locomotive. The lever automatically opens an air valve on the engine, and the brakes act immediately. During the trial the train stopped before reaching the sta tion. He Succeeded. A Jefferson county man who owned a small county newspaper made up his mind that he was entitled to a vaca tion and, having fixed upon the place to "put in the time," wrote the presi dent of a railroad for a pass. In rec ommendation of his paper, he*said: "My paper has a wide circulation it goes everywhere, in fact I have hard work to keep it from going to 1J" He got the pass.Troy (N. Y.) Press. BACK FROM AFRICA MRS. J. L. VORHIES VISITS THE DARK CONTINENT. A Chicago Il Gives a Short Account of Her Trip to Liberia. Finds No Color Prej udice In England. Advises Afro-Ameri cans to Stay Away from Africa. Mrs. J. L. Vorhies of 4213 Evans ave nue has recently returned from Liberia, Africa, where she went to visit her uncle, a wealthy merchant. Tbe uncle died before she reached Africa but she found the family and remained with them for several months. Although Mrs. Vorhies says nothing about the matter it is whispered that she was re membered in the uncle's will and she willeoon become in possession of an immenss fortune. To a reporter, of THS APPEAL Mrs. Vorhies gaye the fol owing account of her journey: "I left the States on April 3, 1897, on the S. S. Weasland from Philadelphia, arriving at Liverpool on the 14tu. The voyage is slower than by the way of New Yoik, as via Philadelphia it is 500 miles longer. I stayed in England two weeks at the Lawrence hotel on Clayton Square, Liverpool. There I met many fine people and was treated nicely. I went out walking with English and Scotch ladies and also to the Prince of Wales Theatre. I also visited Manchester. It is a great manufacturing city^ In my conversations with different business men, they all expressed a dislike for the American people on account of their foolish color prejudice and the lynching TO Afro-Americans. On April 29th. I left Liverpool on the steamer Bengoela, for Africa We called at the beautiful Madeira Islands and saw Teneruffe witb its high peak high in tbe clouds. Then we sailed for Ooree on the African coast. At Dakark we saw Mohammedan natives with many wiyet. They are smart trad ers. Tbe French fla? floats over the is land. The French are verv strict and noceof the natives leave without a passport. Ther is more freedom un der the English flag and at Bathurst the people travel as they please, I con versed with some of the educated na tives who speak English fluently and are very good business men. "The shipments all along the coast are about the same: kola nuts, palm ker nels, etc. Sierra Leone is a shipping plac3 under the British flag. All ships stop there to cable. They have a fort, West India soldiers and white officers. They call Sierra Leone 'White man's grave." "Two hundred and fifty miles more brings us to the Republic of Liberia. Cape Mount is the first stop. I did not go ashore, but from the ship there is a nice view, very mountainous. The next stop is Monrovia. I landed at four o'clock on the 15 of May. It is very hilly here. It looks like Sunday every day, no excitement except when a ship comes in port. Cows, pigs, sheep and goats walk around the streets tbe same as people. "The chief export is coffee, but the African coffee has gone down in price and lately the merchants abip but little. They are waiting for the price to go up They export cccia, palm oil, palm nuts and kernels to England and Germany. The principal food is rice and palm oil, fish cooked in palm oil and beef perhaps once a week. The African feyerisnot contagious but one has to get it just the same. When I reached Africa I weigh ed 165 pounds. After Iliad had the fev er and jaundice I was down to 138the pounds. 1 had good rare. I wish the press would discourage the poor people from going to Liberia It is along time before they can get anything fr un their farms and if they have, noroon?yit is a bad place to be Naturally they eel everything to get beck to America again as tbe government c*n not support tbem. I think that Bishop Turner is doing a great wrong when be advises people to leave this country and go to Liberia." Has to Do I Mosher"What are you doing with all those bits of card in your pocket?" Wiswell"They are seat checks at dif ferent theaters. It says -on each, 're- tain this check.' It's an awful bore, don't you know, to be obliged to car ry so much pasteboard around. But then, what's a fellow to do?"Boston Transcript. Thought Him Craay. (^:^V:M. A waitress in a restaurant placed the bill of fare before a customer with the" side up showing a local advertisement. The customer ordered scrambled eggs, two buggies, a couple of sleighs and a road cart. When he asked for two wheelbarrows she fled. K'2f"^V, *l^e*tfii&& $2.40 PEE YEAR. UP THE AWFUL IRAZTJ A COSTA RICA VOLCANO AN EVIL RECORD. WITH Day's Bide MnlebackCraten of This on ster Is 12,000 Feet Above thejSeaExper fence of Some Americans Who Spent a Night There. COBttnmea front 2nd Col. yielding sana, which makes every sup mighty effort, partly from difficulty of brt lin ing at so great an altitude. But all your :oi is amply repaid when at last you stand upoi Irazu's bald head, 12,000 feet above tbe ocean, with clouds rolling and tumbling 550 fe*r below on every side, completely hiding tht earth. A Niarht in the Crater. The blue vault above looks very near anc you feel an overpowering-, awfuj sense or standing alone In the universe, face to fac with the Infinite. On a clear day you may see both the At lantic and the Pacific at one glance. This is the crowning recompense of the ascent oi Irazu, but it is not vouchsafed.to everybody, John L. Stephens attained it and described in fervid words how he stood on the bleak ridgt above Irazu's crater and looked out wideovei the remote world. The main crater is a amphitheater, 7,300 feet in circumference and 600 feet deep, with ragged, broken walls the descent ofe whichbist rarelyt attempted. Goines down iosaeasy enough, like falling from grace to ge up again is a mor ens6 difficult matter, by reason of loosened rocks and slidUng lava sands. A couple of young men from Cleveland, Ohio, with a native guide, spent a night in this crater about three yearB ago. They built a roaring fire oi cedar brush away down in the bottom, which lit up the great, gloomy cavitya faint re minder of days of long ago, when volcanic fires shot heavenward and streams of molten lava coursed down its sidies. With their boot for pillows, they lay down In their blankets and long before morning realized that jack frost visits even in the torrid zone, if you climb high enough to find him. Irazu ap pears' to be possessed of those excellent traits which we admire in mena warm heart and a clear, cold head. One of the Clevelanders relates bis morning experience as follows "The sun, Just tipping the eastern horizon as we climbed out of the crater, revealed tc us another panoramic view, grand and im posing, but not so infinitely beautiful as that of the evening before, when the golden light of the getting sun, behind the rolling bil lows of clouds*, made a fit carpeting for angels to walk on, a sea of crimson and gold, bound less as the blue vault of heaven." Living Betwixt the Sk:y and Sea. Toward the east, rosy in the morning light the dim outline of the Atlantic lav alone th*. horizon, and to the west a silver larta-j marked the waters of the Pacific. To the south, in the valley far below, lay a dozen towns to the north, valleys and mountain ranges stretched away far as the eye could reach, and beneath our feet little puffs ol smoke curling up here and there from vol canic fissures plainly betokened subterranean unrest. Climbing back into the heart of Irazu we spent the hours until noon photographing the smaller craters and rolling rocks into their yawning depths, black as midnight. Crashing like artillery when first started, in a moment they would-be lost forever. Our experience on the summit of Irazu was far less satisfying. We had only a few min utes to stay, in order to give us time to get down to the haunts of man before nightfall, and from the cold, silent, desolate height on which we stood nothing was to be seen but a wilderness of whitest clouds, an Illimitable, frozen sea. Now and then the fleecy masses shifted and some isolated peak or surging ridge of another mountain chain suddenly rose up and glittered, like an island newly dis covered then sank again into the ocean of cloud that obscured the world. We spent that night In a herder's hut. halt way down the moun tain, side, but quite mar enough to the sky to keep one's teeth chatter ing with cold In spite of blankets and brush fires. The mud hovel of our host clings JP.ce a bird's nest to a deep ravine. It has no open ing but the door, no furniture in its one olg room but a rude table, a bench, a picture cl the blessed Virgin, and some oxhide stretn'i ers, which serve the rather numerous family for beds. Yet a happy husband and wife live here, and with them abides Love, the heaven ly guest. Their children play contentedly near the brink of the precipice, and a wee baby creeps tp the door and gives you a emilinjt welcome. FANNIE BRIGHAM WARD. Placer*. Gold mining and gold hunting in North America have always been of a twofold char acter. First have come the placer miners, those in search of the "poor man's mine," a mine that takes only a few dollars to work. With his pan and shovel, his pickax and scoop, the placer miner wonders over the face of the earth, prospecting for some rich mine that holds its precious products on the surface. Where some mountain stream has coursed down the granite sides of the hills, or washed deep gullies in the valleys, the placer miner looks for signs of gold. The erosion of the rocks by the running water is nature's method of unlocking the rich mineral from the bow els of the earth, and gradually quantities of the yellow metal are piled up at the bottom of some pool or gulch. Here the wandering placer miner applies his knowledge, and tests the contents of the sand and earth. The min ers travel in pairs, and' every stream and brook, every ditch and pool of water, must be examined as they journey across the trail lees mountain sides. The work 1B difficult and the returns generally scanty and inadequate but the dream of finding a rich placer mine lures, the men on and ever onward, until they finally leave their bones to bleach on some lonely trail or at the bottom of some inaccessible ra vine.Harper's Weekly. THE CAUSE O HER AXGER. It Wan a Good One, But Her Hobby Didn't Know What I Waa. "Men are the most brutal creatures," sail young wife to her feminine friend. "What makes you think so?" "The way my husband treated me thir afternoon." "What did he do?" "He came home from th& office and in the first place he kissed me, and "He ought to be aaha-" "Oh, it isn't that, of course, but pretty soon he mentioned casually that he saw Mrs. Dawkins this afternoon, and that she had on a beautiful new dress. And then hewhat do you suppose he did?" "I can't guess. What Is It" "Went to talking about something else." "The brute!" "Yes, and I'll die before I wiU ask hint,. but "So would I." But she asked him the very next morning at breakfast and when he said he believed it was some sort of a green or blue, or possibly brown, with yellow or gray trimmingshe was not certain whichand a sah,-the said a woman might as well talk with a Fiji Islander am with her husband, for all the instructive information she would obtain from him. And her husband was surprised to notice that she seemed almosto angry about some thing or other.Denver Times. The Reason. "Bo you didn't get along very well in the mining camp?" "Not very." "Didn't anybody there make money?" "Yes, some did." "Why didn't your* "It's against my principles to keep a sa-v loon."Washington Star. The First of the Season.- ,yi EtbelrWhy do you think 7u are hisrffrs? PenelopeBecause he got here onlyvlaab night.Judge.