'VOL 14JNO. of
UP THE AWEULlRAZtf
A COSTA RICA VOLCANO WITH
AN EVIL RECORD,
Day's Ride Mnleback -Crater of This Men
ster Is 12,000 Feet Above the SeaKxper
perlence of Some Americans Who Spent
a Night There.
CARTAGO, Costa Rica. 10.Special
Correspondence.Whoever visits Costa Rica
hears a great deal about Iraau, the awe-inspir
ing volcano, and of the mischief and terror
he has caused. Living at hit feet la the old
City of (Jartago, you are constantly impressed
by his majesty, and sometimes by his beauty,
when storm clouds muster black around his
cloven forehead, or when he veils hlmseil
In fleecy misl, or dons a gorgeous.sun&etJ-ahe.
f rosy purple." You are told how, in the
year 1723. fronTthe middle ot February to th
middle of March, Izaru never ceased roaring
and rumbling, as with the rush of subter
ranean rivers, at intervals opening his Jaws
and rolling forth billows of Bmoke how peo
ple on the slopes' and in the valleys far below
were stifled by the sulphurous exhalations
and how at night balls of Are were whirled
aloft from the crater, sheeting the sky with
flames, until it became for miles around more
fiercely bright than was ever known in th
hottest day at noon. All this, and much
more, you may read in the quaint official re
port of the royal Governor of that day, Senoi
Don Diego de la Haya of Cartago. He relates
how, at one time during that dreadful month,
a vapor rose out of the crater, white as cot
ton and shaped like a bended bow until, at
the height of two lances, it grew into the
form of an enormous palm leaf, which re
mained suspended in mid air .while one might
pay an Ave Maria then, resuming its former
chape of a bended bow, it slowly descended
and disappeared again within the boiling
gulf. How the rumblings of the volcano grew
louder and louder until they struck the bewil
dered ear with the force of ten thousand
forges all at work at once, while red-hot
bowlders and scoriae, multiplied In volume,
lore asunder the Jaws of the monster as they
gushed forth upon doomed Cartago.
The Monster Has Four Mouths.
How at last all the lakes and streams were
turned to seething mud, the afflicted'city was
buried under burning dust, and all Its splen
did churches and casas, uprooted from the
palsied earth, lay scorched and blackened' in
utter ruin. Nor was this the first or last erup
tion of Irazu. The monster has four mouths,
or craters, one of them so old that enormous
oaks grow in it, andi Humboldt and other sci
entists say that more than' two thousand
years must have elapsed since it was first
opened. Another of these craters forms a
lake which gives rise to the River Reventa
zon, the enibrochure of which, according to
Thomas Gage, was a commercial resort as
early as 1626.
The earthquakes caused by this Ill-tempered
volcano have been frequent and severe. There
was one in 1756, and another in 1822, both oi
which overthrew Cartago. The last of serious
consequences occurred in the autumn of 1842,
when, according to the official account oi
Senor Telesfaro Peralta, Governor of the
province, fully one-third of the city's popula
tion, at that time estimated tqibe about 18.00U,-
lay buried for hours beneath the ruins of their
homes. "But, wonderful to relate," adds
Governor Peralta, "only sixteen were killed."
Wonderful Indeed, but not incredible, when
we reflect that the one-storled casas are most
ly of adobes, which easily resolve themselves
into the parent dust. Every house in the town
was demolished In that general shaking up,
except one, which deserves to stand forever.
It is the old casa in whose courtyard Padre
Valvordi planted the first coffee-tree in Costa
Rican soil, in 1819. The venerable tree, by the
way, is yet alive, though long past its useful
ness, and continues to put forth a few snow
white blossoms in their season.
In a. Day's Journey.
Now and then, to this day, the grim cyclops,
frowning overhead, grumbles and sends up
of smoke, as If to assure the world that
is by no means a pipe of peace. One
would think that the Cartagoans would heed
his threatenings and choose some safer site,
but, as Don Ttlesfaro Peralta writes: "Such
Is the love which the people of Cartago feel
for their native soil that they bear with pa
tience all these eyils, and as often as their be
loved city is thrown down, they rebuild their
homes out of Its ruins." This remarkable
spirit of stick-to-a-tivenesB seems to be
strangely true of the dwellers near all vol
canoes. Think of the towns and villages on
the slopes of Vesuvius! Leigh JIunt, writing
of Torre del Greco, says that the inhabitants
thereof have always persisted in constructing
their houses, over and over again, on top of
those that have been buried, thus keeping
up an obstinate but unavailing struggle with
one of the most fearful powers of nature. It
may be a wise provision of Providence which
thus keeps the most forbidding spots on earth
Inhabited but with the good people of Cartago
I believe it Is more a matter of laziness, they
being constitutionally too inert to strike out
and take root elsewhere.
You may easily ascend Irazu by a long
Bay's journey on muleback, starting before
daybreak. I have several times gone up tne
mountain as far as the highest hut in a few
hours' pleasant climbing but, not satisfied
with that, a party was made up last week to
visit the crater, 12,000 feet above the sea.
While Cartago was yet sound asleep, we clat
tered past the central plaza and up the slop
ing street, for the ascent begins with the
suburbs of the city.
Harvest* Without Labor.
A cobble-paved road, used chiefly by na
tives living on the mountain side, runs a
considerable distance, and then you strike
Into devious paths, among thickly strewn
bowlders vomited from Irazu's throat in some
prehistc day. Half an hour takes you out
of the torrid zone of oranges, aloes, pine
apples, and bananas, to a temperate region
of peaches, pears, blackberries, wheat, corn,
and potatoes and in the upper altitudes,
away up in the land of the sky, the ther
mometer soiretimes falls belows 30 degrees
Fahrenheit. Nowhere else in tropical Amer
ica can such contrasts in climate and flora
be found as in an hour's ride from Cartago
up Irazu. The slopes of the volcano are
particularly favorable for cattle grazing, and.
.strangely enough, while the plains below are
^comparatively unappropriated, these steep
pasture grounds are carefully divided into
patchea, each with Its hut occupied by the
herder's family. Quick, bright streams are
passed, hurrying to their work of watering
the valley, and lucious fruits, growing by the
wayside, invite you to fill your saddle-bags.
Halw-way up tne mountain you see corn an
barley growing with as much vigor as in
Illinois or Ohio, although its cultivators are
still scratching up the earth with a wooden
plow of the same pattern as those used in
Egypt in the time of the Pharaohs. The seed
once scattered broadcast #recelves no care
until ready for the harvest, whieh comes with
the following dry season. In gathering the
orn, the ear is picked from the stalk and
hauled to the adobe house, where it is spread
cut to dry in the sunny patio, and then stored
away in the corners of the kitchen and under
the cowhide beds for future use in the making
of tortillasthe unleavened cakes that take
the place of bread among the poorer elasses
in all these countries. Thefieldis now fired
and the dry stalks' and weeds are burned, the
ashes forming the only fertilizer known in
The possibilities of this Incomparable zone
throughout the whole of Central America,
where the climate is absolute perfection from
year to year, are yet in the cradle of devel
opment. All the fruits of the temperate zone,
to say nothing of the cereals and vegetables
might be successfully grown with little outlay
and less trouble, and find ready market here
i as luxuries. Apples command abetter rice
:n central America than oranges in tne Unltec
States simply because the supply does not
equal the demand. I have paid a real (12
cents) for a shriveled up apple enveloped ir
tissue paper, which a Yankee would no mort
consider fit to eat than a Costa Rlcan woulc
countenance some of the abortive pineapple*
and bananas that are sold in the North. Above
the corn and barley on the slopes of Irazu the
Irish potato crop grows to perfection, with i
yield quite equal to that of the United Stattt
and commands afar greater price", being solo
in the market by the piece or at most by tht
quart. Beyond the potato field you enter
belt of scanty timber, the gnarled and knotted
trees festooned from top to bottcni with bril
liant orchids and swaying wreaths of Snanist
moss. Deep ravines now furrow the moun
tain side and the trail, through dense under
brush of cedar and arbutus briars, over slip
pery stones and fallen logs, and under low
branches, is very toilsome, a regular ladder
a thousand feet high, the rungs of which are
dead tree trunks, shelving rocks, and brawnj
roots. Here you leave the saddle and moun
the rest of the way on foot, finally througt
(Continued an Tt. Column.)
THE CREAM CITY OF THE LAKES
AND ITS FOLKS.
Items of all Sorts Gathered Together
Our Ubiquitous Reporter and Served up
in Dainty Style for the Delectation of
Deacon Chas. Barker
is on the sick
Mr. Jas. Noland of Chicago, was in the
Mrs. A. L. Miles has returned from
Mr. A.T. Brosdy Las returned from
Mr. Black wf II spent Sunday in Ra
cine with hiB family.
Col B. F. L. Taylor tell off a street
car and sprained his hand very badly.
Miss Gertie Walker has fully recover
ed from her illness and is able t" go out
Mr. P. D. Moore and daughter, Mrs
Edward Black well, have returned to
Hon. W. T. Green requests that the
young men's Republican Club get ready
for tbe spring election.
Mrs. P. U. Thorns*, W. M. of the
Eastern Star Society, came up from Ra
cine to preside over their regular month
Harvey Greer- of Quincy 111., is in tbe
city visiting his sister, Mrs, Thos. H.,
Sanford of 613 Statelet. He will remain
for an indefinite period.
Mr. Walter ^Hawkins has returned
from Chicago where he was called to
the sick bedjof his! mother, Mro. Elder
Hawkins, who is lying -seriously ill at
her son's residence, Mr. Jackson Haw
Mr. JobnlB. Buford has been elected
an honorary member of Holiyrood
Commandery. This is an honor con
fered upontnone except those who have
been faithful to the order. It was due
tc the untiring energy of Sir J. B. Bu
ford that we were successful in organiz
ing a commandery in the Cream City.
Rev. R. 'H. Walker Jr., has been
preaching more than ten years. lie
was licensed by Providence Bsptist
Church Chisago, March 21, 1894. He
now resides in Milwaukee. He has
transformed a'large part of the new tes
tament into poetry and hasa large num
ber of sermons which he is compiling
to be published in book form next
Mr. Harry Perkins, formerly of Lex
ington, Ky., attended an entertainment
at Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Rice's on Jn.
'6n\ HP called for nine bottleB of beer
and throwing up his hands, to hiofore
head expired in a short time. His
remains were taken to tbe morgue
where a poBt-tnortem examination was
held. Tbe doctors pronounced the
cause of death to he from excessive'
Capt. J. B. Buford was e'ected vice
president of tbe 4th ward Republican
Club (white). This is the first time in
the history of politics in this city that
this honor was ever shown an Afrc
Ametican. I am sorry to say that some
of our race not only tried, but did suc
ceed in stuffioa|the ballot box in an ef
fort to defeat Mr. Buford. If it had mt
been for his friends they would have
Lee Robinson, the Afro-American
who attempted to shoot Leola Duncan
last February, was fouud guilty of a
charge of apsan].-. with intent to 11 in I
murd-r, and Judge Wlber sentenced
him to five years at WHUpun. Tqesen
*Tjce is pimilinr to the one given Dave
Patton for a like off*nc- two voire ag'.
Robins)n crifd like child when sen
ence was montunced, and manv of bis
friends in the court room were dumb
founded at tne severity of the sentence
and eould scarcely believe it.
Uncle Dick Catlin and Deacon Ca
Lyvers had a dispute a9 to which one of
tbem gaye the most money to the church
during the year. Uncie Dick claimed
that he attended some church regularly
each Sunday, while Deacon Lyvers only
passed by the door on his way home.
Uncle Dick has challenged him for a ten
round glove contest to settle the dispute
for $25 aside on condition that the win
ner is to pive the money to some church.
Sol Jackson will second Deacon Lyvers
while Jae. Parks "the light weight" will
stand behind Uncle Dick. We expect
to see a lively go as these two old pil
grim warriors have heard the born
blow in the days of yore.
~'._.... I_. ...1.1 "1'*T~jm
FACTS AND FANCIES OF THE
BEAUTIFUL "FALLS CITY."
A Sellable Becord of til* Happening!
Among the Afro-American Residents oi
the Metropolis of Keatucky-Xoalsvtii.
Miss Prima Fitzbutler spent tbe holi
days in Lexington.
Mies Marie S. Browne is quite ill at
her home 606 Roselane street.
Rev. 8. Smith of Owensboro, spent
several days in the city last week.
Miw Alberta RobirjEonlof the Kormal
Ciass is still very ill at her home on Jef
Miss Dollie Smith of Chicago, is in the
city, the guest of Miss Daisy B. Harrip,
SrMiss Lillian Morris, who has been
quite ill, is now able to resume her
wors at tbe Western School.
William Stewart Jr., and Carolvn
an a VMO -xeei i ueorcerow wno nav j N
Apples fail to Respond to Heat.
A peculiar feature of the apples
grown in this section the last season
is that they will not cook properly.
Many a housewife has been surprised
that the best varieties of cooking ap
ples can not be cooked, as usual. They
are tough and stringy, and when sliced
for cooking retain their snape, no
matter how long they may be kept on
the stove, instead of "cooking to
pieces," as they should. Grocers and
apple men have been flooded with
complaints about the apples they sell.
The unusual condition of the fruit, ex
plained an old apple grower and hand
ler yesterday, is due to the dry weath
er that came just when the fruit was
filling and maturing.Kansas City
Will Explore Pamir.
Lietuenant Olufsen, a Dane, who re
turned last spring from Central Asia,
will next year fit out a new expedi
tion to the Pamir regions in order to
make geographical and ethnographical
explorations in the northern part of
the Wakhan valley. The expedition
will be supported by the Danish gov
ernment out of the Carlsberg fund,
and will be absent for two years. The
party 'will include two scientific ex
In a conversation upon the manifold
dangers to which people expose them
selves who travel in railway carriages,
a noted English architect said: "The
great rule is never to look out of the
window until "you are. good thirty
miles from London."
ST. PAUL AND MINNEAPOLIsTiBfN., SATURDAY. JANUARY 15,1898.
THE BLAl Hf NAPOLEON.*'
Urici Wan the Ruler of Africa' Greatest Empire
But Is Now an Bktye on St. Helena.
ST. HELENA, Dei 20.-In the island bl
St. Helena,, where the white Ngpoleon end
ed his days a prisoner of the English, a
black Napoleon Is living* how, also a pris
oner. It Is a singular chapter of coin
cidences which seems to unite the for
tunes of the house of Bonaparte and the
house of Chaka. Early in the century.
When Napoleon was overrunning- -Europe
with his armies and dazzling the minds of
men with his gentus, an English sailer
was wrecked on the African coast and
wandered Into Zululand.
He was taken before the young chief,
Chaka, and to him he told of the wonder,
ful outside world, of which the chief had
heard rumors, and as all the worM was
then filed with the name of Napo'^enn he
told of the, rise of the Corslcan and how
he had conquered nations and built uj.:
for himself -a 'g%pat, empire. The story oi
Napoicon" captured the fancy of Chaka.
and he resolved' to be an African Na
Then began the rise of the great Zulu
power in South Africa, and Chaka spread
his conquests over great territories, anil
subjugated neighboring tribes and built
for himself an empire, it flourished until
It broke itself to pieces aaainst the .ic-
lish. just as the empire of the man v/hose1
name had inspired its building did beiue
it. The empire established- by Chaka
stretched along the'whole southeast sen-'
board cf Africa, from Limpopo to Capes
Colony, and extended far inland
Stewart entertained a number of their lm the empirle of Amazuia: was the *moeS
little friends Jan. 4th, in honor of Susie Powerful in Africa. Chaka made a treaty
and Otto Steele of Georgetown who have
a a j.
i. When the English landed in Natal In
-allowing them to liv
been their guests for tbe past week. bis brother, Dlngaanh 1828. Then began ,i8n
OINIZULU, "THE BLACK NAPOLEON" NOW CAPTIVE ON ST. HELENA.
tne struggle between the white man ar.c
the black man which was to end in th
destruction of the empire founded hy
Chaka. Peace and war alternated, and al
the time the Zulus lost wound.
Finally, in 1883-84 the British felt
bound to blot out the Zulu power. Then
it was that Cetewayo,'the heir of Chaka,
summoned forth his whole force and
hurled his "imps," or regiments on thegregation
British. A Isandula the ZUlus broke the
British squares and routed the red-coats,
but the end was the capture of the chief
and the breaking of the Zulu power.'
In this war the house of Bonaparte again
became mixed up with the fortunes of the
house of Chaka. The prince Imperial,
giand-nephew of the man whose example
had inspired the building of the empire of
the Amazulu, went out to .fight. In. the
ranks of the English and was kl!lcd by a
Zulu spear. In 1884 Cetewayo died and the
quarrel was continued by his son, Dinizulu..
Dinizulu was conquered, and now he has
been sent to St. Helena to end his days
on the spot where the man whose example
caused the building- up of the black kings
As becomes the head of a great and war
like line, Dihizulu is accompanied in his
exile by a numerous retinue. Hi two
uncles, several chiefs, a physician and i
clergyman, witn their wives and children,
make up a household as numerous as w
that of the great Napoleon when at St.
The chaplain of the royal exiles is Pai
Hijimkula, a "catechlst" from Cape Town
who was invited many years ago by
Cetewayo to come to Zululand and teach
the people. Is called by the Zulus
"Doctor Paul." accompanied' the ex
iles to St. Helena of his own accord. Dr.
Wilby, an Englishman, is the physician
to the exiled household. All the Zulu at
tendants who wait on the exiles went to
St. Helena of their own accord.,.
Dinizulu speaks and writes-, English
fluently, and is a man of more than ordin
ary Intelligence. A effort Is now being
made to procure the release of Dinizulu.
It is argued that his return to his own
people would convince them that the Eng
lish intend to deal fairly with them. Bist
the British government would hardly dare
to place again in the heart of the valiant
nation of the zulu a man of the ability and
the bravery of Dinizulu.
SOCIAL:' ''MATTERS. CONDENSED
INTO SMALL SPACE.
For the Benefit of our Thousands of Bead-
enAll Sorts of News Items Fram the
City by tlte Bi BridgeThe Fatur
Great" at the Present Time.
The Board of Education will probably
be called upon at its next meeting to
consider a proposition to move the Pub
lic Library from its present quarters to
the first and second floors of the board's
building at Ninth and Locust streets.
John Herron, age about50, was burned
to death in bis room in the stable in
the rear of 2615 Olive street, Sunday
evening. The fire was discovered by
Mrs. I. Wentworth, who owns the prem
ises, but it had made such headway
that it was impossible to save the old
Dr. Louis Crusius, professor of histol
ogy at the Marion-Sims Medical College,
died at that institution Sunday morning
from shock following an operation per
formed on him there by Dr. A. C. Ber
nays Friday. He leaves a widow, for
merly Mrs. J. Topp at one time a
teacher in the Dumas school.
St. Louis has the most original of par-
sons. He is young, wide-awake, up-to
date and full of novel ideas. He is Rev
C. N. Moller, rector of St. John's Epis
copal Church. He is ihe author of a
turtasque. He believes in dancing and
encourages the young people of his con
to dance. Tbe last dancing
party was tbe result of his own sugges
tion. It was given last Tuesday evening
and was attended by fifty young couples.
Tne will of the late Antoinette Thom
as Alton, II]., who died over month
ago, was probated Tuesday at Ed wardr
ville 111.. The deceased had lived in St.
Louis for many years, and owned con.
siderable property here, consequently
there was much ioterest manifested ao
to the disposition of her estate. The
will names J. P. Thomas, tbe testator's
husband, as executor, without bond.
8he gives the following amounts to in
stitutions and relatives here and vicini
ty: SS. Peter and Paul's Church, $100
as a gift and a like amount for marsas
8\ Vincent's Church, $100: Colored
Cftthn ic Orphans Asylum, $100 Mrs.
Barbara Hudlin of Clayton. Mo., her
adop ed daughter, $300. The remaind
er of the estate, valued at $75,000, is di
vided equally among Mrs. Thomas' five
A Train Chechen
A Belgian has invented an automat
ic train-checker, which has just been
successfully tested in France. The ap
paratus was placed in position at a
distance of 250 yards from the station.
It consists of an immense iron catch,
fastened to the rails and regulated by
wjrewd lever Jrom^th^ftaUoB, When
lying flat trains pass it wicnoux aim
culty. When raised it catches a lever
suspended from a passing locomotive.
The lever automatically opens an air
valve on the engine, and the brakes act
immediately. During the trial the
train stopped before reaching the sta
A Jefferson county man who owned
a small county newspaper made up his
mind that he was entitled to a vaca
tion and, having fixed upon the place
to "put in the time," wrote the presi
dent of a railroad for a pass. In rec
ommendation of his paper, he*said:
"My paper has a wide circulation it
goes everywhere, in fact I have hard
work to keep it from going to 1J"
He got the pass.Troy (N. Y.) Press.
BACK FROM AFRICA
MRS. J. L. VORHIES VISITS THE
A Chicago Il Gives a Short Account of
Her Trip to Liberia. Finds No Color Prej
udice In England. Advises Afro-Ameri
cans to Stay Away from Africa.
Mrs. J. L. Vorhies of 4213 Evans ave
nue has recently returned from Liberia,
Africa, where she went to visit her
uncle, a wealthy merchant. Tbe uncle
died before she reached Africa but she
found the family and remained with
them for several months. Although
Mrs. Vorhies says nothing about the
matter it is whispered that she was re
membered in the uncle's will and she
willeoon become in possession of an
immenss fortune. To a reporter, of THS
APPEAL Mrs. Vorhies gaye the fol owing
account of her journey:
"I left the States on April 3, 1897, on
the S. S. Weasland from Philadelphia,
arriving at Liverpool on the 14tu. The
voyage is slower than by the way of New
Yoik, as via Philadelphia it is 500 miles
longer. I stayed in England two weeks
at the Lawrence hotel on Clayton Square,
Liverpool. There I met many fine
people and was treated nicely. I went
out walking with English and Scotch
ladies and also to the Prince of Wales
Theatre. I also visited Manchester. It
is a great manufacturing city^ In my
conversations with different business
men, they all expressed a dislike for the
American people on account of their
foolish color prejudice and the lynching
TO Afro-Americans. On April 29th. I
left Liverpool on the steamer Bengoela,
for Africa We called at the beautiful
Madeira Islands and saw Teneruffe witb
its high peak high in tbe clouds. Then
we sailed for Ooree on the African coast.
At Dakark we saw Mohammedan natives
with many wiyet. They are smart trad
ers. Tbe French fla? floats over the is
land. The French are verv strict and
noceof the natives leave without a
passport. Ther is more freedom un
der the English flag and at Bathurst the
people travel as they please, I con
versed with some of the educated na
tives who speak English fluently and
are very good business men.
"The shipments all along the coast
are about the same: kola nuts, palm ker
nels, etc. Sierra Leone is a shipping
plac3 under the British flag. All ships
stop there to cable. They have a fort,
West India soldiers and white officers.
They call Sierra Leone 'White man's
"Two hundred and fifty miles more
brings us to the Republic of Liberia.
Cape Mount is the first stop. I did not
go ashore, but from the ship there is a
nice view, very mountainous. The next
stop is Monrovia. I landed at four
o'clock on the 15 of May. It is very
hilly here. It looks like Sunday every
day, no excitement except when a ship
comes in port. Cows, pigs, sheep and
goats walk around the streets tbe same
"The chief export is coffee, but the
African coffee has gone down in price
and lately the merchants abip but little.
They are waiting for the price to go up
They export cccia, palm oil, palm nuts
and kernels to England and Germany.
The principal food is rice and palm oil,
fish cooked in palm oil and beef perhaps
once a week. The African feyerisnot
contagious but one has to get it just the
same. When I reached Africa I weigh
ed 165 pounds. After Iliad had the fev
er and jaundice I was down to 138the
pounds. 1 had good rare. I wish the
press would discourage the poor people
from going to Liberia It is along time
before they can get anything fr un their
farms and if they have, noroon?yit is a
bad place to be Naturally they eel
everything to get beck to America again
as tbe government c*n not support
tbem. I think that Bishop Turner is
doing a great wrong when be advises
people to leave this country and go to
Has to Do I
Mosher"What are you doing with
all those bits of card in your pocket?"
Wiswell"They are seat checks at dif
ferent theaters. It says -on each, 're-
tain this check.' It's an awful bore,
don't you know, to be obliged to car
ry so much pasteboard around. But
then, what's a fellow to do?"Boston
Thought Him Craay. (^:^V:M.
A waitress in a restaurant placed the
bill of fare before a customer with the"
side up showing a local advertisement.
The customer ordered scrambled eggs,
two buggies, a couple of sleighs and a
road cart. When he asked for two
wheelbarrows she fled. K'2f"^V,
$2.40 PEE YEAR.
UP THE AWFUL IRAZTJ
A COSTA RICA VOLCANO
AN EVIL RECORD.
Day's Bide MnlebackCraten of This on
ster Is 12,000 Feet Above thejSeaExper
fence of Some Americans Who Spent a
COBttnmea front 2nd Col.
yielding sana, which makes every sup
mighty effort, partly from difficulty of brt lin
ing at so great an altitude. But all your :oi
is amply repaid when at last you stand upoi
Irazu's bald head, 12,000 feet above tbe ocean,
with clouds rolling and tumbling 550 fe*r
below on every side, completely hiding tht
A Niarht in the Crater.
The blue vault above looks very near anc
you feel an overpowering-, awfuj sense or
standing alone In the universe, face to fac
with the Infinite.
On a clear day you may see both the At
lantic and the Pacific at one glance. This is
the crowning recompense of the ascent oi
Irazu, but it is not vouchsafed.to everybody,
John L. Stephens attained it and described in
fervid words how he stood on the bleak ridgt
above Irazu's crater and looked out wideovei
the remote world. The main crater is a
amphitheater, 7,300 feet in circumference and
600 feet deep, with ragged, broken walls the
descent ofe whichbist rarelyt attempted. Goines
down iosaeasy enough, like falling from grace
to ge up again is a mor
difficult matter, by reason of loosened rocks
and slidUng lava sands. A couple of young
men from Cleveland, Ohio, with a native
guide, spent a night in this crater about
three yearB ago. They built a roaring fire oi
cedar brush away down in the bottom, which
lit up the great, gloomy cavitya faint re
minder of days of long ago, when volcanic
fires shot heavenward and streams of molten
lava coursed down its sidies. With their boot
for pillows, they lay down In their blankets
and long before morning realized that jack
frost visits even in the torrid zone, if you
climb high enough to find him. Irazu ap
pears' to be possessed of those excellent traits
which we admire in mena warm heart and
a clear, cold head. One of the Clevelanders
relates bis morning experience as follows
"The sun, Just tipping the eastern horizon
as we climbed out of the crater, revealed tc
us another panoramic view, grand and im
posing, but not so infinitely beautiful as that
of the evening before, when the golden light
of the getting sun, behind the rolling bil
lows of clouds*, made a fit carpeting for angels
to walk on, a sea of crimson and gold, bound
less as the blue vault of heaven."
Living Betwixt the Sk:y and Sea.
Toward the east, rosy in the morning light
the dim outline of the Atlantic lav alone th*.
horizon, and to the west a silver larta-j
marked the waters of the Pacific. To the
south, in the valley far below, lay a dozen
towns to the north, valleys and mountain
ranges stretched away far as the eye could
reach, and beneath our feet little puffs ol
smoke curling up here and there from vol
canic fissures plainly betokened subterranean
unrest. Climbing back into the heart of Irazu
we spent the hours until noon photographing
the smaller craters and rolling rocks into
their yawning depths, black as midnight.
Crashing like artillery when first started, in
a moment they would-be lost forever.
Our experience on the summit of Irazu was
far less satisfying. We had only a few min
utes to stay, in order to give us time to get
down to the haunts of man before nightfall,
and from the cold, silent, desolate height on
which we stood nothing was to be seen but a
wilderness of whitest clouds, an Illimitable,
frozen sea. Now and then the fleecy masses
shifted and some isolated peak or surging
ridge of another mountain chain suddenly rose
up and glittered, like an island newly dis
covered then sank again into the ocean of
cloud that obscured the world.
We spent that night In a herder's hut. halt
way down the moun tain, side, but quite mar
enough to the sky to keep one's teeth chatter
ing with cold In spite of blankets and brush
fires. The mud hovel of our host clings JP.ce
a bird's nest to a deep ravine. It has no open
ing but the door, no furniture in its one olg
room but a rude table, a bench, a picture cl
the blessed Virgin, and some oxhide stretn'i
ers, which serve the rather numerous family
for beds. Yet a happy husband and wife live
here, and with them abides Love, the heaven
ly guest. Their children play contentedly
near the brink of the precipice, and a wee baby
creeps tp the door and gives you a emilinjt
welcome. FANNIE BRIGHAM WARD.
Gold mining and gold hunting in North
America have always been of a twofold char
acter. First have come the placer miners,
those in search of the "poor man's mine,"
a mine that takes only a few dollars to work.
With his pan and shovel, his pickax and scoop,
the placer miner wonders over the face of the
earth, prospecting for some rich mine that
holds its precious products on the surface.
Where some mountain stream has coursed
down the granite sides of the hills, or washed
deep gullies in the valleys, the placer miner
looks for signs of gold. The erosion of the
rocks by the running water is nature's method
of unlocking the rich mineral from the bow
els of the earth, and gradually quantities of
the yellow metal are piled up at the bottom
of some pool or gulch. Here the wandering
placer miner applies his knowledge, and tests
the contents of the sand and earth. The min
ers travel in pairs, and' every stream and
brook, every ditch and pool of water, must be
examined as they journey across the trail lees
mountain sides. The work 1B difficult and the
returns generally scanty and inadequate but
the dream of finding a rich placer mine lures,
the men on and ever onward, until they finally
leave their bones to bleach on some lonely
trail or at the bottom of some inaccessible ra
THE CAUSE O HER AXGER.
It Wan a Good One, But Her Hobby
Didn't Know What I Waa.
"Men are the most brutal creatures," sail
young wife to her feminine friend.
"What makes you think so?"
"The way my husband treated me thir
"What did he do?"
"He came home from th& office and in the
first place he kissed me, and
"He ought to be aaha-"
"Oh, it isn't that, of course, but pretty
soon he mentioned casually that he saw Mrs.
Dawkins this afternoon, and that she had on
a beautiful new dress. And then hewhat
do you suppose he did?"
"I can't guess. What Is It"
"Went to talking about something else."
"Yes, and I'll die before I wiU ask hint,.
"So would I."
But she asked him the very next morning at
breakfast and when he said he believed it was
some sort of a green or blue, or possibly
brown, with yellow or gray trimmingshe
was not certain whichand a sah,-the said a
woman might as well talk with a Fiji Islander
am with her husband, for all the instructive
information she would obtain from him.
And her husband was surprised to notice
that she seemed almosto angry about some
thing or other.Denver Times.
"Bo you didn't get along very well in the
"Didn't anybody there make money?"
"Yes, some did."
"Why didn't your*
"It's against my principles to keep a sa-v
The First of the Season.- ,yi
EtbelrWhy do you think 7u are hisrffrs?
PenelopeBecause he got here onlyvlaab
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