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The Appeal. (Saint Paul, Minn. ;) 1889-19??, July 01, 1899, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016810/1899-07-01/ed-1/seq-1/

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/^OULD TV.feawxfae nm, my friend,
^/m/ Tn woes ofthe world and its wesl7
there's one thing
A Brave Man Who "Was a, Derelict
of the FrontierThe Fight, Sin
lrle-Hanilect, With Indians Thai
Gave Briny Standing In the Com-
inanityFate of the Woman Who
Caused His Death ana -of the Mar.'
wer-*I Curit Pr^ lor Ton." I
None us ever knew where he came
Iron i 9JT JSi3LthJasi_pi.. hfs. past he just
drifted in among us as a log jg. left,-.by, the,,
receding current on a sandy bar. There
lhe was, -and no questions were asked, for
in those days it wasn't considered good
form to be inquisitive. Some men didn't
care to have their antecedents partic
ularly inquired into, and one who per
sisted in looking up the records of peo
ple he met sooner or later found himself
looking into something differentthe muz
zle of a six-shooter.
had evidently come from some min
ing country out onto the plains, for we
noticed that one of his horses carried a
pick, shovel and a goldpan, and other im
plements of the prospector. But he
wasn't broke like the majority of those
wanderers of the earth, for he carried a
little sack of gold coin, and after sitting
xound the saloons a few days, listening
to the boys and getting the lay of the
land, he purchased a wagon and trading
outfit of the company and became an
Indian trader on a small scale. .On the
company's books his name appeared as
Obrien Osborne. Perhaps it was his right
name and perhaps it wasn't. The. boys
called him Briny. was a thin, round
shouldered man of medium height, black
haired and black bearded, says a Kipp
(Mont.) leitter to the Ne York Sun. He
ihad very peculiar eyes they were deep
set, behind great bushy eyebrows and hao
an appealing, supplicating expression in
thedr gray depths like that seen in certain
timid animals at bay. The Indians, quick
to note any little pecularity of a man,
named him Ko-pop-in-e Afraid Eyes.
"When Briny came into the fort with a
load of furs he would at once buy a new
outfit of trade goods and then spend his
surplus capital among the boys. Drin*.,i
In those days cost 25 cents each, beer ?1
a bottle, and assisted by the crowd, which
he always asked to drink when he did,
the few hundred dollars he made on a
trip disappeared like snow before a Chi
nook wind. The last dollar expended, he
would hitch up has team and drive out
over the great plains to the Indian camp,
wherever it might be located at the time,
to trade for another load of robes and
Briny was always so quiet and appar
ently of BO timid a nature that the boys
used to make fun of him, and speak to
him in that half-eontemptuous. half
patronizing way, in which rough men
will address one whom they consider their
inferior mentally and physically. But ii
ever these men made a mistake they
made it when they sized Brdny up the
way they did. When they found out their
error, however, they acknowledged their
fault, and from that time on treated him
like the man he was up to the hour oi
his untimely death.
One winter Briny made a successful
trade with the Piegan Indians, who were
hunting and camping along the Missouri
river in the vicinity of Cow island. The
Ice being very thick and strong, he con
cluded to drive up the river with his
load of furs to the fort, instead of travel
ing over the cold, barren prairie, where
neither wood nor shelter was to be found.
In those times men not inaptly called
woodhawks were strung along the river
at convenient pointsgenerally the foot
of a long rapidand made a livelihood
by selling fuel to the steamers which
plied up and down the stream during the
high water of spring and early summer.
The woodhawks were a rough, brave set
of men, and their occupation hazardous
in the extreme, for they were constantly
exposed to the attacks of war parties
from the surrounding tribes, especially
the Sioux, Assinniboines. Cheyennes and
Crees. Wood cost ?20 a cord and more,
and where money is to be made men are
always to be found to make it, regard
less of the risks involved. It was a very
common occurrence for a steamer to land
at a woodyard and find the owners
scalped and dead by the smouldering ru
ins of their cabin. Traveling along on
the ice, then, Briny reached the yard of
a couple of acquaintances one afternoon
and camped with them for the night.
Tne woodhawks were glad to see him,
for not a living soul had they met since
the preceding summer. Moreover, Briny
had been at the fort two months befor*
and could givo them many a bit of news.
It was late when they retired, after eat
ing a second supper of. buffalo ribs roast
ed in front of the wide fireplace.
The woodhawks arose at an early hour
the next morning, Briny remaining in his
bed until breakfast should be ready. One
of the men went to the river for a pail
f waiter while the other 'began to chop
some splinters from a dry log some fifty
yards from the cabin with which to start
the morning fire In the early light of
dawn, or perhaps some time during the
night, a war party of six or seven Assini
tooins had discovered the lonely little
oabin and laid plans to kill its occupants
without any risk to themselves. Choosing
places in the dense brush within short
range, they lay concealed and'patiently
waited for the men to appear. Every
thing happened as they wished. When
one of the men reached the river and
the other the log, they opened fire and
poor Joe Hines fell dead on the ice.
Briny was aroused by the shooting and
rushed out of-the door, Winchester, in
Siand,/just in time to see three Assini
(boins rushing toward the other wood-*
hawk. Arnold, whose leg had been broken
by the volley. In a second or 'two more
tbey would have been upon the unfortu-i
Hate man, but before they realized what
was up, Briny dropped two of them, and
the third ran off into the brush east qf
the cabin. Briny then ran down the path
toward the river and saw the other In
dian gathered about poor Hines, whom
they were proceeding to scalp and dis
memlber. Two of them fell at his first
shot, and the rest ran across the ice
toward the other shore, but onJy one of
them reached It, for at the fourth shot
iBriny managed to hit the other, and he
tumbled over with a wailing yell. Not
how many .more Indians might
jfoe concealed in the brush or in the vicin-
^,ity, Briny went uiokly back to where
Arnold was lying and packed him into
the cabin. knew Hines was dead, and
that there was no use in risking a shot
from the Iniai&hs by going after his body
then. Closing the door and fastening it
securely, he got Arnold into a- hunfe.
stanched! the flow of bloou irom nis
jy wound, and temporarily bandaged the
broken limib. next proceeded to knock
^the mud chinking out on the three" sides
it- of the cabin where there was no door or
window, aridwatchedthecarefullly from smal openings
made for ah
^-.J^eflgns of the enemy. Hours passed, and
no one was to be seen not a sound Mfas to
feb be heard. Arnold, in great pain and griev
ing over the death of Ms partner, spoke
UM^ot a 'word,-, and .atoerely shook his bead
'if^jwhen asked evefy $pjr.mtoutes if !"he^ coulBriny^anything1 do
for him ,J~^*^.
do, certain,
An to-read TH E
VOL. 15, NO. 26
It was about noon when tftiey heard in
the direction of the river a faint wailing,
quavering chant which gradually in
creased in volume and then died away.
"What's that, do you s'pose?" Briny
"It's one of them fellers you shot out
on the ice singin' his death song," re
plied Arnold, who was better versed in
Ii.dlan ways.
"Then his pardners must a' lit out and
leTt him," said Briny. 'Anyhow, I-caQ't
stand this any longer. I've got to go out
and see if the rest really are gone."1
"Yes, go," Arnold urged,' "and put a
ball through that critter, so't he won't
yowl any more But first give TO my
gun. so I can feel a little safe while you're
gone." .^__..
Briny-slid out -of the door and made
a ahiort detour to where he could plainly
see the first two Indains he dropped.
Both were lying on their backs, arms out
stretched, having died without a struggle.
He went down the path to the river. The
two he shot at the water hole were lying
just where they fell, one of them partly
resting on Hine's body. The one wounded
when part way across the river had man
aged to drag himself, gun and all, to the
other shore, but hadn't sufficient strength
to climb the steep bank into the bush.
There he was on' his. hands and knees,
his body swaying and head dropping,
again chanting that wierd death song,
in fainting, weaker tones. At the
crack of Briny's rifle he pitched forward
with a lurch, and all was over.-
Having made a tour of the big timbered
bottom and found the trails of the two
survivors who had left it at different
points, and at good speed, judging by the
long distance between their footprints,
Briny returned to the house and reported
to Arnold, -who had become very uneasy
after hearing the shot fired. The horses
were safe, he found, and that was some
thing to be thankful for
"Briny," said Arnold, after they had
made a pretence of eating some dinner,
"we've got to light out o* here. In a few
days the whole Assinnaboine camp will be
hero for revenge."
"I know it. I'll dig a nice deep grave
scmewhar this afternoon and bury Jim
as good as I kin, and to-morrer we'll
strike for the fort."
A few days later they drove into the
little trading post. Arnold having had a
soft and easy bed on top of the load of
furs. Briny hadn't much to say, but Ar
nold lost no time in telling all that had
happened, and then the boys learned theii
mistake they couldn't do enough for the
man they had before treated rudely.
The buffaloes, hemmed in on all sides,
were practically exterminated in 1883-84,
and with them went the days of prosperi
ty for most of the white inhabitants ol
the country .and for all the Indians, whe
were brought suddenly face to face with
starvation and want. Merchants failed
and most of the small traders and the
hunters left, the .country. Steamers nc
longer brought'goods-up the 3,000 miles
of swift river from St. Louis, to return
loaded to the guards with bales of furs
and robes. Railways were entering the
country and civilization was close at
hand. The .few-whites .who remained in
the country turned their attention to
stock raising or farming, and lucky were
those who stayed with the few head of
cattle they managed to get togei.ner. In
a few years they found themselves rich
beyond their wildest dreams.
Briny located a ranch on the Marias
river and put into practice some cherished
theories he had about- raising crops on
the benchlamds without irrigation. Like
many another old-timer he had married
an Indian woman, and with their child
of six or seven years, they lived frugally
and for a time in peace. Two or three
miles up the river another former trader
had located, who was also married to an
Indian woman, and Briny's wife often
went up there to stay a day or two with
her friend, who was of the same tribe as
herself. Late in the fall a big bull out
fit, or freight train of wagons drawn by
oxen, came to the river to winter, and
the owner of it, a man named Tricket,
made arrangements with Briny's neigh
bor to board himself and his men. Tricket
was a fine-looking man and evidently well
off, and seeing Briny's wife at the ranch
often, he finally persuaded her to quit
her husband and live with him. When
Briny heard that his wife had deserted
him, which he did in the course of a few
days, he quietly saddled, his horse arid
went up to where she was stopping. His
little son was playing out in the yard
with some other children, and calling
the child to him he lifted him up on to
the saddle and returned to his home.
While the boy's mother'difin't care for
her husband she did for her son, and
fretted continually about him. One day:
she told Tricket that if he did not go
and bring the child back to her she would
leave him. Tricket demurred he had no
use for the boy and didn't want him
around, so he kept putting the woman
off with all kinds of excuses. Finally
Trlcket's herder, a wild young fellow
who had come West with his head filled
with dime novel yarns, told the woman
he would get the boy for her, and sad
dling his horse rode away down tie river.
Arriving in front of Briny's cabin he
shouted to him to come out, and/ when
Briny came to the door he leveled his
rifle at him and said:
"Now, then, you old potato eater, I've
come after that kid his mother wants
hdm. Give him out here quick, or I'll fill
you full of holes."
Briny looked him quietly in the eye and
replied: "The boy is mine. I will not"
But he never finished his sentence the
herder shot him squarely in the forehead
and down he went in a heap. The mur
derer got off.his horse, and, stepping over
Briny's body into the cabin, grasped the
terrified child, threw him up into the
saddle and returned home.
By the time news of the murder reached
the settlers the murderer had become
alarmed and had disappeared without
leaving a trace of his course. The little
band of determined men who hunted for
hdm- were finally obliged to give up- the
search' and return to their homes. A
month later they heard some news which
caused them to rejoice that they had not
found and hanged him. The mail carrier
from Fort Macleod, away across the bor
der in Canada, brought word that on his
way north on the previous trip he found
the fellow wandering about on the prai
rie badly frozen. carried him in his
wagon to the fort and there the suirgeoh
was obliged to. cirt off both hands and
both feet Thus his punishment was vast.
ly greater than if he had been hanged or
shot. No warrant was ever asked tor his
extradition the friends of Briny wished
him to live and suffer.
The following spring Briny's son died
and late in the summer the woman fol
lowed him. The writer was at the ranch
of a friend where she was stopping the
night she died. She had been sinking
rapidly all the evening and about 11
o'clock, after repeated supplications to
the ranchman:
"Pray to your white man's God for me.
Ask hdm to let me live."
"Woman," said he, '"I cannot pray for
you. I cannot forget that you were the
cause of Briny's- death." g,
A few moments later she died. \^$
Boat .Propelled urn Flahec Swim Is
The problem of practically controlling
the motive power of an ocean wave seems
to have been solved. The man who claims
.to have worked out this solution is H.
ULinden, sacrfetaxv of tha XanUxtriaAi sa~
flon at Naples, Ital y. He nas'had con
structed a boat which, with its attach
ments, is propelled through the water by'
the waves at a speed of the same degree
as that secured by an oarsman pulling at
ran ordinary rate.
Linden's boat is 13.12 feet long, 3.12 feet
Ibeam, 1.64 feet in depth and has a* dis
placement of 440 pounds. It is decked
over, except for a small space in the cen
,ter called the cockpit, which is occupied
!by the steersman. It has watertight com
ipartments at both ends. It is a stanch
little craft, so constructed that it will
stand heavy weather at sea,
The fprm of construction of the boat
itself is not very different from that de
scription of craft known as the jolly boat.
It Is in the motor contrivance the secret
(lies. This consists of a series of powerful
buoyant floats, with free ends'attached to
the boat at bow and stern.
Each float is of. four hardened steel
plates, nineteen inches in length, nine
inches in breadth and .068 inch in thick
ness at the attached ends, thinning out
to .0008 inch at the free end. Canva&Js
spread between the platsibi^in&Jan.4rea
on the upper surface"STeach float of
about thirteen and a r)alf square feet. In
some cases the inventor has increased the
resistance of the floats by means r steel'
tongues. The floats are placed at such a
that they are at 'all times under
The principle of the boat's construction
is _that of the swimming motion of fishes,
which Linden has had plenty of oppor-
tunity to observe during his duties at jthe
zoological garden. After months' of study
made up his mind that this swimming
motion might be imitated mechanically
with good results, and his experiments
Jfinally crystallized into the following
(statement of facts, which he has prepared
If powerful resilient (buoyant) floats Ire at
jtached horizontally, obliquely or vertically un
?der the water line of a boat in such a manner
that the free ends of the floats, made of sheet
steel or of 'other elastic material, or of some
skeleton covered by a membrane like the web
feet of aquatic birds, are directed rearwardly,
then the boat will move constantly and spon
taneously onward through the waves by reason
of the impact of the water on the elastic floats,
the operation of the later corresponding essen
tially to the action of a fish's tail.
The resistance encountered in the water by
.the floats, due either to the motion produced by
jthe pitching and rolling of the boat or to the
jdirect pressure resulting from the. impact or
masses of water fallins on the upper surfaces
ot the floats^ .causes these elastic floats to bend
outwardjy to a corresponding degree but as
soon as the waves have momentarily subsided
(the floats spring back to their initial position,
jit is- evident that the striking of the masses of
.water against the arched surfaces of the floats,
jag well as the exertion of force during the
'backward springing, gives rise to a force which
[is directed toward the fast,ends of the floats,
and which drives the boat in the direction of
this impulse. Thus, by means of a continuous
motion of alternate arching and backward
springing the boat Is-put in motion, and, as
already remarked, in direction.from.the free
to the fast end of the floats.
The effect of the floats is more pronounced
as the motion of the waves'is stronger and
more frequent. Owing to.the resistance en
ing and rolling of the boat are materially re
Bank Notes of Ancient Times.
Among the products of civilization which
were familiar to the Chinese many centuries
before they came, into use in Europe may bs
reckoned bank notes. There is at this moment
latha.Bft'jryaBlfln-nf itegank^ptjEagiaaaa
specimen supposed to be one of tne oldest ex
tant, dating from the fourteenth century of our
era. It is now proved, however, that paper
money was issued In China as early as 807 'A..
D. These securities closely resembled the fa
mous French assignata in being based upon the'
estates of the kingdom. The Bank of Stock
holm claims to have been the first '"Western In
stitution-' to adopt a paper currency, but the
Bank of England must have followed very
close with its 20 notes, which were issued in
Saving for the Government,
A neat little sum has been saved to
(the government through a novel trans
action in the postoffice department. On
July 1, 1875, a law went into effect re
quiring the use of stamps in collecting
postage from newspapers and periodicals.
It some time ago occurred, tbT the third
assistant postmaster general, Hon. John
A. Merritt, to recommend the discontinu
ance of stamps for this purpose/and to
require publishers to pay postage charges
in cash at the office. of mailing. The?
Fifty-fourth congress passed the neces
sary act providing] for the change. As
\k result the department found itself with
'a large stock of discarded newspaper, and
periodical stamps on its hands. Gen.
Merritt, being a practical man of affairs,
conceived the idea of selling these stamps
in sets to stamp collectors.- !Fifty-thou-
sand complete sets were placed on the
market, the set consisting of one each
of the following denominations: $1,
$2, $5, $10, $25 $50 and $100. The
entire lot of 50,000 sets has been sold,
bringing in $250,000. Gen. Merritt, who
conceived and carried out' this clever
transaction, is being congratulated ^on
the handsome results obtained.
^BBBBB^^^^^^^BBBBBBBT sssk,. i i 4 a .^T^BBM^^^^^^BBBw ^^^BBBBB^^^*^*^BBW. ^^^assBssl^^^^^^^SBBBB^BV ^_ J- Mfc^BBSBBS*^*** _-*%.
Deputy Marshal and Desperado KmK^',^
Each OtherChnnlc'M RoatBe
Trap for an Snemr. o.i..*.-...nlt' s* we ^JfrFtSFlX
"I real to a newspaper tbe other day," SJa bS? tw^,
said an oM frontiersnlan, "of two men f1h^ fLis J^- Fhunk*
who met uprin MontaxXindulged in a lit- KhSj^JS^hS?-
tie rapid gun play\ aid both fell rnor-tJ^^^^-J^^^PJ^
tally wouiided at the flAt-shot Incidents rS^J^^S^
of this sort are not sopcommon as one
,use a gun at leant to be quick with fs
the trigger as thrMction of a second f^L*
may mean life or delth. I redall one SSJ^i^S?
-such- tacident-itt-BWti^kar. rw*
"In* tM'*e*jHy ^C$ariey Collins was
one of the most famous and perhaps thT'^7^ tJt
the most desperate of the criminals to 2S,
the Texas borter B^ held up trains,
robbed stages, stole thorses, murdered
trader, and. committed! other crimes until
marshai at Dallas^ 'Bex. He was the
the terror of evildoeri" He had a some
what remarkable career. A native of U-P16*
licois, he went to Texas before the war
He was drafted intcFthe Confederate
deserted aritf made hte way to his old
home, whewrhe enterSi an Illinois regi
merit. He was .captured, by the Confed
erates, but!
Defective Page
rnc most coia-oiooaea ana outrageous
were attributed to him, and he
boaste of having committed them. With
ugly' scars on his face and a brace bf six
shooters and a bowie knife in his belt, he
presented figure made
when hwhicht me them 1men lonel
Places. In direct contrast to Chunk was
Clay Allison, also a desperate man, but
possessed of many good qualities. He
nerviest man I ever knew. He was a^at rnade
dead shot, absolutely fwlthout fear, arri
army, but Ms sympathies were with the ^"taitiOonf was returned, neither being
North, and. at tftiei fif-st opportunity he
fr lh
his career suddenly brought to a clqse. watching the other intently. They sat at
"In 1876 Anderson started out to run opposite sides of the table with the roast
renins down. He soon made Texas too beef..in.front of Allison. __
hot for him, and Collins fled to Colorado,
aid thence to Wyoming. .and to the
Black Hills country, then filled with,
about the toughest aggregation of men
ever brought together. Anderson kept
close after him and Collins started north
for the British possessions. And arson
divined his plan and made for Pembina,
then the gateway1
to Manitoba. had to.
wait only a few hours when Collins
came into town. .Both men were on the
alert. They met in the street, caught
sight of each bother r.-at.. th same time,
pilled their revolvers, fired oh the in
stant and both fell dead. Neither spoke
a word after being shot. Anderson was
taken back to Dallas,, where he had the
biggest funeral ever seen in that city.
His family got the-reward. Taking
everything into consideration, it was
about the .most persteterrt pursuit and
the most tragic climax ever known of.
"About the same time there took place
down In New Mexico an affray which
was for many years the talk of that re*
gion.' Between: Bctbn, and Maxwell
stands an old. two-story house.. It is
hardly a stone's throw from the Santa
railroad track and stands- directly on
the old Santa trail. The high gabled
roof the shattered doors and windows,
and the general tumbled-down appear
ance of the house gave it an uncanny
lock. If walls had tongues these walls
could" tell many a tale of robbery and
murder. Old-timers of New Mexico and
Southern Colorado will remember that
the Red River crossing was before the
days of railroads. They will also re
call the old two-story audbe house be
side the road, which was the headquar
ters of the toughest men of that wild
section. In the palmy days of the Santa
trail the Red River crossing was an
important point, and travelers going into
or coining out of the great undeveloped
territory to.the south used it as a relay
station. A far as the eye can reach en
all sides of that old adobe house is a
great desert, covered with the curly tops
of sage brush and the long* slender tops
of the soap weed. Immediately back of
tae house is a bluff, on its top is a
level stretch dotted here and there with
white spots which identify it as a ceme
teiy. On one of the old pine boards in
letters now almost Jbliterated is painted
in crude letters, 'Chunk,' end thereby
hangs a tale.
the, early '70s, when justice in this
wild Western country -was done by vig
ilance committees, irany bad men infested
that region. And the most desperate of
them all was 'Chunk. Who he^was or
where he came from no one knew^ut all
recognized him as a thorough going des
perado, respected Jhim accordingly.
Mexic and
/arsw ago. It was
he who rid the country of the terrible
Chunk, and that he was not killed in the
encounter was "surprising.
"Early in 1876 an emigrant going into
J^f?,-^f- fL
7 n& Q
might think. Men or|the frontier who JSnSi-?S' -1- 2e? ^V??*'
bu heart of the.emi-
knew that thestrann
robbedp,e but
tlhe reward* offereu fc* his oaptuT* dead ,ePeato??ed
OF. alive exceeded ?10$00. At that time
Will Anderson wa Detouty United States fP"1
T?^ ThesWry of
ll 5
I ea
lfh 1 1
aurally Allisont expressef^bemshed, his opin-
-^Sornbody whoarid nearmean him Allison'se remarks to Chunk who the men met
Allison must die. It was
bad been informed of the
Both made prep
tn old adobtimehouse the two men
Chun accosted
manner the man
threatened to kill, and the
mo sa
hs guard by the apparent
A the battle of*
be here? asked
Ch ,u
millet in the head, 'on&er."
and possibly
of therother, wi
answere Allison.
Shiloh he rSceived a bullet in the head
which laid 'Mm up fr several months. ^""i luraouiyu eutienae a an mvita
When the war ctose^ went back to tion to dinner to Allison and it was ac-
Texas, and his courage and. quick hand'- cepted. As gcod a dinner as the house
ling of a gan brought^about bis appoint- Could afford was ordered by Chunk for
m.ent.as deputy_United_Sfcates marshal., two, and among the edibles was roast
Before long,He was the"^terror"of border he*- When dinner was ready the two
bandits. No man got the drop on him, filtered dining room, bot aware that
and more than one maji who tried it had
"Chunk thereupon extended an invita-
crisithewas approachingh and each
"win you carver asKea cnunit.
"It was a perilous situation,*: but the
man on the other side of the table had.no
alternative. Had
1 i
he refused hie would
have been branded as a coward. With
a smile he answered Certainly,* and, jfc
Jng Up the knife and fork, preparffT to
cut the meat.. A tbe knife was sinking
into the roast Chunk drew his revolver,
but, in elevating it struck the muzzle
against the edge of the table. The inter
ference caused only a moment's delay,
but that moment cost Chunk his life. Al
^eift jaAsua.qAi 'sixties )nq 'uirii o) aifoas
Xpoqou puB 'Sujioou pfes O SUISSOJO
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heard the story, praised him for riddWg
the country of Chunk. The traveler of
toi-day along the old Santa trail who
stops at the adobe house will be told this
story by a white-haired Mexican who
lives there, and owns a small flock of
sheep, in the eemetery where Chunk lies
these are only incidents to show the
character of men who were on the border
twenty-five years ago, and how an fn
ptant's delay might mean life or death.
Denver Correspondence New York Sun.
-A 'British Gamblers.
In the latest history of gambling in Eng
land, just pubHfihed, there are some "astonish
ing revelations as to the.amount of money wou
and lost by,, men and women whose names
were an familiar ae household words early in
the present century. There are records of 200,-
000 having been lost at a sitting, and the
loss of 50,000 appears to have been
a very common occurrence. A gam
bling story is told of Charles James
Fox that rather reflects on his hon
or. 'He was one of tbe ardent admirers
of Mm. Crewe, a noted beauty of her day, and
It is related .that a gentleman lost a consider
able sum to this lady at play, and being obliged
to leave town suddenly, gave Mr. Pox the
money to pay her, begging him to apologize
to her for his not having paid the debt of
honor in person^ Fox lost every shilling of
it before rooming. Mrs. Crewe cftfn met the
supposed debtor afterward, and, surprised that
lhe never noticed the circumstance, at length
delicately hinted the matter to him. "Bless
roe," said he, "I paid the money to Mr. Fox
three months ago." '"Oh, did you, sir?" said
Mrs. Crewe, good naturedly. "Tben probably,
I be paid me, and I forgot it."
"V ^SJ^**
Brave a Any- Man, Tenilerest of
Women, Sh I Famous Over the
World for Her Deeds, and Her
Goodn -*sThe Princess, Who Is
an American, Is the Heroine of
Three WarsFormer Rider of
Bareback Horses and a Tight
Rope' Walker, m^,,
Next Wednesday there will be a re
ception in Washington to a woman ac
knowledged on both sides of the Atlantic
to be one bf the most remarkable persons
of the nineteenth century, the Princess
Salm-Salm.' She arrived here from Bonn
last week on a visit to her sister Mrs.
Edmund Johnson, wife of Col. Johnson of
Vineland, N. J. The princess is the hero
ine of three wars, and she is an American.
As a nurse and .an aid to the Christian
and sanitary commissions she won the
hearts of the North and South, too, dur
ing the Civil war. Later she showed tre
mendous energy and ability in Mexico,
and again with the corps for first aid to
the wounded in the Franco-Prussian war
she added new luster to her fame.
She has been blessed for her sweetness
and goodness by an empress and by poor
dying fellows on many fields of battle.
She was as brave as any man could: be,
and as tender as any woman can be-. She
has lived with the highest and with "the
lowest. From palaces to tents, from ban
quets to torn and smoky fields, she has
gone, always the samea true and faith
ful and devoted woman.
But with what a strange beginning did
her glorious career start. As Agnes Le
Clere she rode bareback horses round a
circus riner. Then she tried tight-rope
walking and held crowds breathless while
she did things no other woman had done
in America before. According to the New
York Press, it is told of her that in Chi
cago, in 1838, she ran up a swaying rope
from the ground to the tbp of a lofty tent.
On her first attempt to do this she 'fell
when half-way up, and would have been
killed instantly had not the strong man of
the circus happened to be beneath. He
saved her, though nearly done for himself.
As soon as she found that he was reviv
ing and would be all right, she took her
balancing pole and started up again, this
time successfully. Then the crowd went
wild, and she was famous in circus life.
But besides having nerve- and grace and
beauty, she had extraordinary intelli
gence, and knerw that if she had half a
chance she could do better things than
swing on slack ropes and ride on bare
back horses. With this faith in herself
she found a way tOf be introduced in
Washington at the outbreak of the war,
and there all good folk loved her, espe
cially the Prince Felix Gonstantine ^Alex
ander John Nepomucope Salm-Salm.
He was a younger brother of the reign
ing Prince of Bocholt, in Westphalia, be
longing to one of the oldest dynastic fami
lies in Germany, and had been rather a
spoiled child. had too much money.
But he was a brave and a true and kind
hearted man. At the battle of Aarhuis
the Danes captured him after he had re
ceived seven wounds. The king of Prus
sia gave him a sword for his bravery.
He got into debt badly in Vienna, and
went to Paris, thence to Washington.
with. letters from the crown prince of
Prussia, to Baron Von Gerolt Zur Lyden,
the Prussian minister to Washington.
This was in 1801, soon after the beginning
of our civil war. -He was a success so
cially immediately, and the government
offered him a brigade of cavairy. He de
clined because he did not know English.
Then Gen. Blenker took him on his staff.
Agnes Le Clere and a married sister
Whose husband was an army officer visit
ed the camps, particularly the German
camp, which then was the most military
of all. These Germans, by the way, were
the men who stopped the "Black Horse"
of the Confederates after Bull Run and
saved AVashington, At, this camp Gen.
Blenker presented the ladies to Col.
Prince Salm-Salm, -his chief of staff It
was love at first sight with Agnes and
the prince. Though she did not know a
-vord of German or of French,, only Eng
lish and a little Spanish, and he could not
speak English, they managed a proposal
and an acceptance somehow. On Aug. 30.
.1862. Father Walter joined them in mar
riage at St. Patrick's church on street.
Secretary Stanton was not friendly, to
the Germans. The princess heard that he
proposed dismissing Salm-Salm. She
went to Albany and persuaded Gov. Mor
gan "the woman hater," to give him a
German regimentthe Eighth New York.
It took her about half an hour after
Senator Harris had introduced her to" the
governor to get this commission signed
end in her own possession. In October
the colonel arid his wife were on the
way to West Virginia to join the Eighth,
near Chantilly. This was the beginning
if the career that finally won for the
prince the shoulder straps of a general.
While with the Eighth the- Princess
met Mr. and. Mrs. Lincoln, Gen. Sickles
and other prominent Americans. When
the Eighth disbanded Gov. Morgan ap
pointed Salm-Salm to the Sixty-eighth.
She was all through the draft riots, too.
As recruiting was hard work, on ac-i
count of the riots, the Princess went to
Washington to see Col. J. Fry, the pro
vost marshal general of the United
States. She asked him for enough men
to complete the Sixty-eight and she got
what she wanted. It was a way she had
In those days. Col. Fry had called on
Gov. Yates of Illinois to help him'find the
men needed. The governor found the
men, but rsaid,. they should not .havej a
New Yorker "f6r_ "a captain. 'Thereupon,
..Coir-Fry. filled out a commission and .gave
it to the princess/ making her a captain
of a company in the Sixty-eighth New
She was in and out of camp a great deal
during the war and oi much assistanee. in
hospitals ..and to the sanitary commis
sion and the Christian commission. In
her early life she had learned to travel
in America under all possible condi
tions. This experience proved most use
ful now, not only to herself, but to
friends to wished to aid the soldiers also,
but could not by themselves manage to
get to them. On one of her trips she
made the acquaintance of Maj. Gen.
Carl Schurz.
'The prince had done good work and de
served promotion, but Stanton,had little
use for foreigners, so the princess set off
to New York a/id Washington to see what
she could .do. In Philadelphia she was
fli, and Dr. Mitchell attended her. Sh:
recovered soon ard .gqt her friends to
work on Gen/ Thomas, who finally rec
c:nmanded her colonel for promotions.' She
was successful" as usual,'for a little later
she had in her hands a general'3 corn-
mScsinn for the prince.
Washington society in war times w?s
different irora anything the national capi
tal nas s- tefore or since. The old
Virginia families, -who always wintered
there, had gone, as had all the Southern
element, naturally. Besides these, there
were many folk who had spent a part oi
each year there, but who did not care tc,
identify themselves with either side, and
had crossed the water." In "the" places of
these absentees was a wondrfu5 brarfd
new societyarmy, navy, official, spesu'a-
OULD yon wealth obtain, my frtaA
To seonre wnioh some folks stead*
Ten ean obtain ithonestly, too,'
If yon advetisetoTHE APPEAL.
tive ana adventurous. The' Detter sort or
persons in this heterogenity fell in love
with the princess. She became the social
queen. The unusual things she did, which
would have put another woman on the
list of hopelessly eccentric and undesirable
persons, only whetted the desire for her
favor. i
Society delighted to tell how their sov
ereign princess, had kissed Mr. Lincoln
publlcly full upon the mouth. She did it.
accprJTmg to the story, on a wager of a.
basket of champagne, with a swagger
army officer. She won this basket at a
dinner at which the president was the
guest of honor. Before he had left the
table she "came up behind him without
warning arid took him unawares. Then,
for the first time in many a day. each
man in the room wished he wore presi
The princess was childless arid her sis
ter, taking pity on her, promised to give
her the next baby if it'were* a boy. The
sister kept the promise. Some time Later
the princess received a telegram saying
her sister was ill. She was in such a-,
hurry to reach the bedside that she got
an order for a locomotive from Gen.
Steedman, and, during the trip, she rode
from Dalton to Cleveland on the cow
Sherman appointed Salm-Salm to the
command of the Atlanta district after he
had razed the city, and the young gen
eral and his wife worked night and day
trying to bring what little comfort they
could to the ruined and terrified inhab
When the war was over President John
son wished Salm-Salm to take a colonelcy
in the regular army. The prince thought
the life would be too slew and courteously
declined. With some other officers he
wished to go to Mexico. He had served
in the Austrian army and was fond of
Maximilian. Three ministers in Washing-
tonBaron von Gerolt of Germany, Mar
quis de Montholon of France and Baron
von Wydenbruk of Austriaapproved the
idea. So he went, and later the princess^
followed and jooined her husband at Vera
Cruz on Aug. 24, 1865.
She traveled much on horseback there
and had a variety of escapes from prison,
from beleaguered cities, from ambuscades
and what not. Once, when a lot of X^ex
icans fired at her while she was carrying
a flag of truce she was so angry she was
on the point of charging them with noth
ing but a riding whip, and would have
captured tham, doubtless, had not her es
cort come up and captured her.
Who.i the Emperor Maximilian was a.
prisoner in Queretaro the princess visited
him and did much to cheer him. He was
physically far from well, and had, but a
slight idea of his danger from the Mexi
cans. She planned an escape for" the
royal captive. She obtained fr^m Juarez
an order granting a dolay of trial to
Maximilian, although he had protested at
first that such an order was impossible..
She would have got the unfortunate man
safely out of the country, too, had he
not felt that honor demanded that he
remain with his friends who could not get:
away. He remained until it was too late.
She obtained her husband's release, how
ever, after he had been sentenced tci. -?.J^.
and after being detained in the fortress
of San Juan d.-Ulloa for a time he sailed,
on Nov. 13 on the Panama, just one day
before his wife arrived in port to accom
pany him.
The princess went to New York-and
then to Brest. The metropolis gave her a
tremendous reception. Crowds followed"
her, showering her with flowers and:
cheering till they were hoarse. She had
not expected any one to remember her
in the city outside of a few personal:
friends, and was affected deeply.
Prince and Princess Salm-Salm "went to
Vienna" together, where the emperor and
the archduchess, the mother of Maximil
ian, gave them audiences. They embraced
the princess and wept over her with min
gled gratitude and sorrow. For her ser
vices in Mexico the emperor of Austria*
settled a life pension upon the fair Amer
After this the Salms-Salms lived quietly
until the Franco-Prussian war broke out..
The princess entered the hospital service
and the prince received a cavalry com
mand. He fought at the front till Graye
lotte. There he lost his.horse, was badly
wounded, but still continued on foot until
two bullets struck him in the breast and
his brave life went put.
The princess went on with her work of '"^"'*^_
mercy, despite her sorrow, and when the ^5
French had yielded she sought a con
vent. The pope.however, advised her not
to enter, believing she would be of more
service to the church outside. She spent
some time in Spain and Italy, and then
retired to a quiet home in Germany,
whence she has recently set opt on a pil
grimage to her native land bearing the
remnants of the Old Eighth's flag to be
returned to the regiment.
He Ha a Contract to Produce Theui*
r.nd Did So.
The 'managers of Riverside Park, Me.,
think that Mitchell King is the .most
crafty Frenchman Jn America. Last Feb
ruary they hired Mitchell to g'*t six live
deer for the park, agreeing to pay him
$200 if the animals were alive and in good
condition on May 5. Llitchell took his
time about the job. Late in March he
brought In one lean doe that was hungry
and apparently at the point of death.
After the middle of April he caught an
other doe, which was in good condition.
Before he couid go cut again the s^w
had melted in the woods, and nob_ay
could get near a deer until after the
lakes had opened. The managers talked
to Mitchell and made many tnreats, but
the Frenchman remained cool.
True to. his agreement, Mitchell went
to the park with the managers on the.
morning of May 5 and walkeu out to the
deer yard in which were the two does,
aad with then were four sprightly fawns
that had been born within a week.
"You hef *Z3 seex deer, hey?" said
-Mitchell in triumph. "Now, ai'll. take ze.
money."- The bill was paid without pro
test,, though the managers think Mite,.
played a mecn trick on them.Chicago
How to Cat An Apple.
To cut an apple in two or more pieces,
without also dividing the skin seems an
.impossible feat, but that it can be per
formed with comparative ease anybody
following the directions here given wilt'
testify. Apples, are so common a fruit
that they figure on every well organized
Dinner table, and the Utile trick, when
performed as an after-dinner feat, is
really quite startling. An apple with a
firm, smooth skin should ba selected.
Take a long, slender darning needle and
thread ii with silk or cotton. Linens
thread is perhaps the best, as It Is not so
liable to break. Begin at the stem and
take a long siitch under the skin of the
apple, being careful not to go so deep
that the point of the needle does not
readily emerge. Take another stitch in
the same direction,, sewing right around
the apple, exactly as you would cut it in
When the thread comes out again near
the stem, take the two ends, in each hand,
cross them and pull steadily.. The thread
will, of course, cut the apple in two, ,leav
ing no mark on the skin, and without
breaking it beyond the tiny holes made
by the needle, whi*,h are Quite invisible:
By repeating the performance in different"
parts of the apple it may be cut into
quarters and eighths, and on being peeled,' &
will fall into these sections.PUtsburs/41
Dispatch. &%
Ho Denying Dewey.-*Mri i
Dewey says he desires we should retain thai
Philippines. It Is hardly possible to deny tar
rnuwt George chooses to make.

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