1It alsosto publish U the newspCMlble.
SIt does so Impartially, wasting no words.?
8Its correspondents are able and enwgetio.
WKDNESDAY, JVXSS 9TH.
mnere was & much larger attendance
than had been Anticipated at the open
ing of the National Afro-American coun
cil in the senate chamber at the capitol
lay The hali was well filled with
"Sright men and women, representative of
all the business and professional as well
as social, religious and educational or
ganizations of the Afro-Americans.
I The mission of the council is to elevate
the position of the colored people in all
I the walks of life, and especially to aid
i the members of the race in the south,
(Where their civil and political rights are
more circumscribed than in the north.
I The council is a national federation of'
iall the colored organizations of evejry
kind and shape, and it is the laaders in
I these organizations who represent them
.in the national body.
The assemblage was composed of as
,flne a body of men and women as- ccali
be found anywhere. They represent the
active, thinking members of the race
who are working intelligently for \he
advancement of their peopie, inUl.ectual
ly, industriously politically and re.ig
The early session was devoted to ad
dresses and responses.
Mayor Smith welcomed the delegates
on behalf of the citv.
Rev. E MasoD, of North Carolina. reepouct-
ed, in which he referred to the progress
mode by the Afro-Americans in reiigioiy
A3 well as in education and wealth since
they had become freemen. He spoke par
ticularly of their religious advancement
In the old days their religion had been
aptly classed as a "conglomerate mass of
paganisms," and it was true that it had
consisted largely of sentirnentalism for
which no one could give a good reason.
That religion had been replaced by one
based on principle and common sense.
With education had come a higher stand
ard of morals generally and a higher
conception of duty. The religious teach
ers and workers were laboring for a
(higher and broader development of the
race in all lines.
Gov. Van Sant welcomed the delegates
on behalf of the people of the state.
The delegates rose in a body and saluted
the governor as he advanced to the front
of the stage.
Among other things the p-overnor said:
The colored people have done much for
the development of this country since
they were granted their freedom. The
progress they have made in education and
the development of the qualities which
make for good American citizenship, has
never been equaled in history.
I wa3 a private in the Union army dur
ing the Civil War. When the order of
Lincoln that the negroes should be arcr-pd
as soldiers was read, I stepped out and
proposed three cheers. There was not a
response from my regiment. A short
time after a black brigade saved that
regiment from annihilation. Then there
were cheers for the negroes and they
were given with a will.
W are glad to welcome you to Minne
sota. W rejoice at the progress you
have made, but let me tell you, there is.
just one way to secure and maintain the
place you want among the citizens of
this country, and that is by work. It is
the price that all must pay for advance
Harryhepard welcomed the delegates
on behalf of the citizens. Mrs. J. E.
Porter, on behalf of the ladies, and Rev.
Timothy Reeves for the churches.
T. Thomas Fortune, chairman of the
executive committee, spoke briefly of the
wnrk_thatjiad been done_by the league.
The National Afro American
OFFICERS OF THE NATIONAL AFRO-AMERICAN COUNCIL.
At the meeting of the National Afro-American Council held in St.
Pan!., Minn., July 9, 10, 11, 1902, the following officers were elected:
PresidentT. Thomas Fortune, New Jersey.
First Vice PresidentWilliam A. Pledger, Georgia.
Second Vice PresidentWilliam H. Steward, Kentucky.
Third Vice PresidentGeorge H. White, District of Columbia.
Fourth Vice PresidentJohn C. Dancy, North Carolina.
Fifth Vice PresidentI. B. Scott, Texas.
Sixth Vice PresidentH. T. Johnson* New Jersey.
Seventh Vice PresidentE. H. Deas, South Carolina.
Eighth Vice PresidentCharles W. Scrutchin, Minnesota.
Ninth Vice PresidentMrs. R. Jerome Jeffrey, New York.
SecretaryCyrus Field Adams, Illinois.
Financial SecretaryF. L. McGhee, Minnesota.
Corresponding SecretaryMrs. Fannie Barrier Williams, Illinois.
Assistant SecretaryMiss Martha V. Webster, Kentucky.
TreasurerJohn W. Thompson, New York.
National OrganizerGeorge W. Clinton, North Carolina.
Sergeant-at-ArmsJ. H. Dillingham Minnesota.
ChaplainRev. Walter Brooks, District of Columbia.
Directors of Bureaus.
EducationW. T. Vernon, Kansas.
LegalJ. Madison Vance, Louisiana.
BusinessEmmett J. Scott, Alabama.
EcclesiasticalM. C. B. Mason, Ohio.
EmigrationNelson Crews, Missouri.
LiteraryMrs. J. St. P. Ruffin, Massachusetts.
Anti-LynchingMrs. I. B. W. Barnett, Illinois.
Newspaper*P. J. Smith, Massachusetts.
Vital StatisticsDr. J. E. Porter, Minnesota.
SecretaryCyrus Field Adams.
T. HOMAS FORTUNE!!?
President National Council.
Mrs. Josephine" SToane imra, v- nommre
of the National association of Afro
American women, spoke in Place of Mrs.
R. J. Jeffrey, of New York.
second vice-president of the association,
spoke especiallv on behalf of the fami
lies of negroes. Any man, black
white, who did not look after his-
see that it was provided with the coir
forts of life and the children educated,
could not expect to hold the respect of
the community in which he lived.
Booker T. Washington, president of
Tuskegee Institute, arrived during the
morning session and was escorted to a
seat on the platform.
Charles A. WiUiams. of Wisconsin, was
introduced at the close of the morning
session as a 'white man who hart done
much to aid the race bv the publication
of "amnhiets in its interest.
Mr Williams was given a cordial ~e-
cention, but declined to make a speech.
Rev. Alexander Walters, president of
the league presided at the morning ses
The afternoon session wa** p^esi^ed over
by Rev. C. R. Harris, of North Carolina.
President Walters delivered his annual
Next Meeting in Louisville, Ky.
The National Afro-American council,
which opened its fifth annual convention
.-day in the senate chamber at the
state capitol, will meet next year in the
South., Louisville was selected as the
next place of meeting, after a Uvely de
J. C. Dancy of North Carolina precipi
tated the warm discussion by moving
that the next annual convention of the
council be held at Louisville, Ky.
J. M. Vance of New Orleans objected
to holding the conventions in cities or
states where there was a "Jim Crow
Bishop G. W. Clinton of North Carolina
came to the defense of Louisville, saying
that there was no such regulation in
force in that city. He also advised that
the council hold its sessions in Southern
cities, because the greater number of
colored people lived in that section, and
the' problems that the council was trying
to aid in solving arose in the South.
DodKinK Around the South.
"There is the ground on which our
great battle is to be fought," Dr. Clinton
declared. "It is time we stopped dodg
ing around the South. I do not want to
go to any city where our sisters will be
subject to insult, but in Louisville we
shall be royally entertained, and there is
nothing whfch this council needs to say
which cannot be said in Louisville. Even
Col. Watcrson's Bourbon sheet always
gives fair treatment .to negro assemblies
The bishop's speech decided the matter,
and the. council voted almost unanimous
ly for Louisville as the place for next
Restriction of SnfTerage
The annual address of the president.
Bishop Alexander Walters of New Jersey,
was the principal feature *f the after
noon. Dr. Walters discussect the several
the country with great force7 saying
among other things:
"I have no objection to an educatUmpl
restriction upon the suffrage, provided it
is reasonable and reasonably enforced
upon all alike, without regard to race or
color. The negro has been too indifferent
to, the loss of his right*, by prescriptive
legislation, in. the Southern states. He
must stand shoulder to shpulder with
other men of his race in the defense of
his constitutional jprivileges. If the pres
ent congress will do nothing for the1
forcement of our jrights, then we should
see to it that men are sent to congress
that will force that body^to act in behalf
of the lives- and property and manhood
of all classes of citizens. The negro asks
nothing that the law does not grant to
Uplift the Negro. Vv:
"What can the negro do for his own
protection and uplifting, and to cause the
white man to recognize his rights' I an
swer, first, promote education second,
stand firm in demanding the rights guar
anteed by the laws of this great republic
third, cultivate thrift and accumulate
wealth fourth, develop character, pro
mote morality, put down loafing and idle
ness fifth,, be a man, be proud" of his
country, and take part in all its duties
The president commended the principle
of the Crumpackr bill introduced in the
last congress, and also the bill for the
establishment of a commission to inquire
Into the conditions of the colored people
of the South, and declared his belief that
they would ultimately become laws be
cause the sentiment of the Christian peo
ple of the country demanded their pass
age. He also,gave considerable attention
to the test case begun in the federal
rourts in Louisiana to. determine the
validity of the laws of that state which
I. practically disfranchise the negro, ^Cpn
tinuinsr. he said:"-"?' 7 fifeSC^- *i'P
iveep Away K'rOm Citie s.
"No intelligent action can be taken on
the race question in this country without
considering all the elements that, are fac
tors in that question. Data must be gath
ered by the government* Thecotton and
rice crops of the South have been very
largely raised by colored people, who seem
especially adapted to ^agricultural pur
suits, and yet these people are leaving the
farms and crowding into the cities, where
they live in unhealthy localities. There
are now 90,000 negroes in the District of
Columbia, notwithstanding the fact that
there is no manufacturing industry there
and but little employment for colored
people. In the cities the'.death rate among
negroes is about double that of the
whites, while on the fjrms it is nearly
the same as among whites.
"If by any means the government could
prove to the colored people that it is to
their advantage to remain on the farms
and grow strong, and if it would make
them secure in their rights as American
citizen's while engaged in "agricultural
pursuits or in any legitimate occupation,
then the government would have done
much toward solving one of the greatest
problems of the country and would be
more than, repaid for the money, expend-
Booker T. Washington, principal of the_
Tuskegee (Ala.) institute, arrived at the
morning session and he was escorted to
the platform amidst the applause of the
Defend the Home,
Mr. Fortune declared that he dissented
from Booker T. Washington's declaration
that he sympathized with the Southern
white man as much as with the Southern
negro "The negro's first duty," said Mr.
Fortune, "is to protect himself and his
colored sisters from .^the assaults of
scoundrels like Benjamin R. Tillman."*
Col. Pledger spoke especially with refer
ence to the families of negroes.
"No man black or white,"'he said, "who
does not look after his family and see
that it is cared for materially, morally
and educationally can expect to hold the
respect of the community in which he
lives. If the colored man wants the
white man to respect" colored woman
hood, ,he must be ready to defend, with
his life if necessary, the' woman under his
own roof. Laws are "of no use unless
backed up by sentiment. We "are here
to make that sentiment."
The following committee on credentials
was appointed: W. A Pledger, Cyrus
Field Adams, J. **W. Thompson, W. H.
Steward, Mrs. Ida Wells Barnett and Dr.
I. B. Scott. Maurice de Baptist and
Frank Wright were appointed pages for
the sessions of the council.
Reports were received at the afternoon
session from the secretary, Cyrus Field
Adams:, the treasurer.,.J. W. Thomoson.
MEMBERS OF THE AFRO-AMERICAN COUNCIL, IN SESSION AT ST. PAUL.
Rt Rev. Alexander Walters, of New Jersey, is in the Center o! the Front Row, and Booker T. Washington Stands at His Right.
Mrs. Ida Wells Barnett Stands at President Walter's Left.
anu tne corresponqmg secretary, Jesse
The committee on credentials reported
the names of more than fifty delegates
already arrived, and the chair appointed
the following members as a committee on
resolutions: W. H. Seward, Booker- T.
Washington, Rev. George W. Clinton,
John C. Dancy, P. J. Smith, T. T. For
tune, L_E. Mason, J. M. Vance, W. E
Dubois, Mrs. J. E. Porter, Nelson Crews,
Cyrus Field Adams and W. T. Vernon:
1,,,4?, Mrs. Yates'' Message.
~i evening a musical programme
and entertainment was given at the
House of .Hope church, corner of Fifth
and Exchange seets The capacity
of the church was taxed to its utmost
and Rev. Dr. H. T. Johnson, of New
Jersey, who presided, made the intro
ductory address. The principal address
of the evening was ma de by Mrs..J
Silone Yates, of Kansas City, Mo!,
president of- the National Association
of Women. She spoke on "The Twen
tieth Century Negro and His Oppor
tunities for Success," and said in part:
"Jgndymipn," a mortal, says the Greek
myth, was visited in his dreams by a
goddess, and the poet Keats, with de
'fcghtful imagery and matchless power of
the youn man
show^how the the inspirations of that
It lifts his soul Into the abodes of the
Inspiration is the keynote of the shad
religion, manners" and customs Oi vim
Japanese of today ,as comoared with
those of fifty years a"o. And come to us
it must will, this heaven-born inspira
tion, filling the soul of our race -with
songs that have never been sung, with
words that have never been written or
spoken, with principles never before for
1 mulated and materialized.
i For nearly three centuries a rer/ark
able chain of events has been preparing
I the negro for a higher evolution, and the
end is not yet. He is now passing
through a fiery ordeal scarcely less cru
cial than his former state of servitude.
And will he be able to stand the testl
Will he seize the opportunities that now
present themselves to him? Will he show
to the world that he has a mission amon
the races of the earth not alone meas
ured by physical faculties? Will he be
able to solve the "ego," or "I am" of
Military advance, that is, organization,
the ability to co-operate and concentrate
forces, the first but not the last great
step in nation-making, we learned to
some extent in the nineteenth century.
We learned to know something of the
value of discipline: of that rigid,' c/i-
cise, well defined Jaw which makes me
state a possibility and a people success
Time to Do Has Arrived.
W have now the opportunity in the
twentieth century to take the next step
and learn the value of well-directed com
petition. We need to develop that spirit
of friendly rivalry that manifests itself by
a desire .to break away from old forms
and reach out for something -higher and:
nobler. A most important step, for
whenever not properly made, or not made
on time, we have examples of arrested
India,China, all Oriental countries, have
furnished the world with brilliant exam
ples of impeded progress. We do not
need to increase the lists in this direc
tion. Let our .development be full, free
and unimpeded'. Let us seize each op
portunity in time.
Essentials of Progress.
Unity of purpose, organization, co
operation, concentrated, and above all.
consecrated effort, are the essentials of
race progress which as a people we must
kee^ steadily before us in this period
of our development.
United we stand, but divided we .fall,
and severed by existing conditions from
many of the enterprises that universally
interest mankind, that develop his facul
ties and represent his ambitions, we must
learn to co-operate for mutual protection
and advancement, clinging with that per
tinacity which has characterized "Rus
sia's dream of a thousand years," to
advantages gained under untold obstacles
and difficulties, let us press forward until
our noblest dreams have been realized.
Through personal effort we are to dis
cover the "divine face," the am" of
In rue nineteenth century necessarily
we leaned upon others in the twentieth
w must learn self-reliance, and the new
century with its new thoughts and creeds,
and progressive ideas, is to furnish^ such
opportunities for this purpose as never
before unfolded to our wondering eyes.
lE.4ytriaLajts_niulti lr -zicsz- laudsun,.
thetomasterlyaspoem.l' races wel as
ness Is read1y foer the chang that
external life. Then the soul of the people
has, as it were, its real birth.
Evolution of th Megro.
witees the Jaaiige_J ^fee_ gQYeaunentT
parts, of brain, of talent, irrespective of
race or color, and- invite him to take part
in Its development, if he represents in his
personality well-directed energy
New Era in South.
The South is entering upon A period of
industrial greatness. The liegro is in
the^South in full, force, but if he desires
to hold his owrt there he^must become
in every sense a, skilled workman an.
educated man otherwise he will lose the
opportunity of turning to his own account
the fluctuating moods of capital and la
Opportunitiest await hi in the newly
acquired possessions -of the United
btatesa.. Germany also stretches forth
and bids him come and develop the won
derful resources of Africa, the home of
J- Making Himself Felt. ^fc"^.
"-"Inventive genius, the skill whichffinels
out and-sets in order something new." is
a potent force in shaping the destiny of
any people, and we rejoice that now, from
time to time,,.some important-invention
has its source in the orains oik negro.
The product of his imagination, whether
as masterly literary efforts, or whether
directly applied to the advancement of
other arts and science, will1
more toward molding the future of the
race than any amount of favorable legis
The twentieth century, with its excel
lent equipment of technical schools, af
fords us greater,t opportunities than ever
fort the skill required of the
scienist toe inventor while
the field ^industrial Improvement is so
vast that practically there is no limit to
-the probabilities of Inventive achieve
In less than forty years of freedom the
negro wiped out 45 per cent of his illit
eracyj accumulated farms and homes val
ued at $750,000,000 personal property At
$170,000,1)00 bad raW^ll^fooo^or ed^
ncational purposes, and possessed church
property valued at $4,000,000. With the
additional opportunities of the new ceh
tgry_wjb_. thfi.^pplicatlgn_ o_l^onunOP
J^ttoue|Uip and Fa*-e,
church, St. Paul, Minn., on Monday,
July 7th, and was one of the best
meetings of the association. The at
tendance was quite large, including
a numb er of the veterans who are al-"l
wa$s on hand. :The arrangements for
the association which were made by
the members of the church, were very
satisfactory to all.
When the morning session
was called to order by Cyrus Field Adams
of Chicago, the president of the associa
tion^ it was found that several of the ad
dresses on the program would have to b
omitted, as the speakers were absent.
After a short informal discussion the
meeting adjourned until 2 p. m.
An address on the history of Afro
American journalism was delivered at
the afternoon session by John C. Dancy
of the District of Columbia. Mr. Dancy
gave an interesting account of the work
of his race in newspaper publishing. He
said that the colored writers are doing
much to educate their people, as well as
to obtain for them a hearing before the
St. I-ui Exposition.
A resolution was then offered cordially
indorsing the coming exposition at S
Louis and pledging the publications rep
resented in the convention to support it.
This proved to be a firebrand. The first
delegate to attack the resolution was T,
Thomas Fortune of New York. He op
posed its adoption, on the ground that no
colored commissioners were appointed on
the exposition board, and that no pro
vision had been made for a presentation
of the work and progress of the colored
race. The National Afro American
The twenty-third annual meeting of ..Jm^ Fortune's address was the btgin-
the National Afro-American Press As- ning_of a debatebin whichi. the. principaflo
sociation was held at Pilgrim Baptist
was taken Rev Scott
Oceans, c. Dancy and M. S.
Louisiana. Mr. Scott made
a strong speech counseling moderation.
He declared that the best way for the
peoplcountrynis *pect in the by engaging in in-
to wi recognition and re
anstrtal undertakings. He pointed ot
that, many enterprises are already suc
cessfully conducted by colored men, and
that such work brings recognition when it
Is well done, regardless of the color of the
-romoters The debate ended In the adop
tion of the following amendment to the
Resolved, That while indorsing on general
irinciples the exposition, and trusting that it
nay have the largest success, we note with re
renrpcontatlnn ws erlven to the
Atro-American people amng the commissioner*
Appointed o.\ the part of the United States by
President McKinley, and that no provision haa
been made by the management of the exposition
for a proper exhibit of the thought, skill an
Industry of the Afro-American people, without
whom the magnificent states carved out of th
Louisiana purchase coyld not have made the
progress which to-day places them in the fore
front of the commonwealth of the republic.
Resolved, That there is time to remedy thi
omission, and we respectfully direct the atten
tion of the management of the exposition to the
The afternoon meeting closed with the
election of officers, which, resulted as fol
lows: President, Cyrus Field Adams or
the Chicago Appeal vice president, John
C. Dancy of Salisbury, N. treasurer,.
William H. Steward of Louisville, Ky.
secretary, T. Thomas Fortune of New
York chairman of the executive com
mittee, Emmett J. Scott of Tuskegee,
Hall Raises a Stor m.
The public meeting of the association
last evening attracted an audience which
filled the church. The meeting was
opened with an address of welcome by
H. P. Hall, who assured the members
of the association that the work of the
Afro-American press is appreciated by
the intelligent people throughout the
country as a force for good order, good,
morals and the uplifting of the negro.
Mr. Hall intimatedf his belief that the
enfranchisement of the negro, at the
time it was undertaken, was a national
mistake. Mr. Hall's sentiment prompted
the first colored speaker of the evening,
T. Thomas Fortune of N ew York, to
make a ringing reply which won the
applause of his hearers.
"If the suffrage had not been con
ferred when it was," declared Mr. Fort
une, "it never would-have been con
1erred. Does the gentleman see any sigi
in the South which points to enlarged
political rights for the negro, either in
the present or future? He has not pro
perly considered the volume of illiteracy
among the Southern whites. The negroes
of the South are taking better advan
tage of the schools than their white
Work: Out His Own Destiny.
J. Madison Vance of New Orleans made
a short address on the condition of the
negro in the South. He declared that
while there were many outrages practiced"
igainst the Southern blacks, the belter
ciasses of Southern society are tugtr to
protect the industrious and thrifty black.
"The colored race," he said, "must,
learn the serious lesson that its only roa*
to independence and prosperity Dy
wcrk, and not by living on his wits. The
negro must work out his own salvation,
and net expect to have it worked out for
him by the good people of the North."
James H. Guy, county attorney at To
peka, Kan., made a plea for the treatment
of the negro as a man anl a ciiizen, and
protested that the newspapers cf the
country too often emphasized the racial
peculiarities cf the black mnn.
Trlfcnie to President.
The annual address Cyrus FleM
Adams, the president of the assoeiition.,
reivewed the beginning of Afro-An.cri
can journalism and described the work of
Vlie colored editor ?cf the present d^y
^cnE.'sting- in the duty to work, to savf,
and to eley ar.d upheld the ILW. he paid
a tribute to the work of Pirsidcnt Mc
Kinley for the negro, and vns interraptca
by prolonged apriau^e wht he F^i-l:
"It should be gratifying to ua. to now
that we have in the "White HOUFC- a .nn
who is president cf all the i fo- U. Vh*
brcad enough to take couns 1 with Kioktr
T. Washington, and who ia jvi.^toas
enough to denounce lynch law .in-1 mob
President Adams' Addrecr.
Mr. Adams cenmenced by giving 2t,
history of the Afro-American press
"The man who first saw the possi
bilities of the Afro-American press aa
a factor in the development of the
race and as a means of educating the
whites to a proper appreciation of the
abilities the race tvri ir th /unU
Continued on 2nd Page.
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