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The Appeal. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn. ;) 1889-19??, July 19, 1902, Image 2

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40 B. 4th St., St. Paul, ninn.
5alnt Paul, Minneapolis, ChicafOi
Washington, Louisville, 5t. Louis.
No. 110 Union Blk. 4th & Cedar,
J. Q. ADAMS, Publisher.
Guaranty Loan Bldg. Room 811
823-5 Dearborn St., Suite 31$
C. F. ADAMS, Manager.
No. 312 W. Jefferson St. Room S
W. V. PENN, Manager.
No. 1002 Franklin Avenue.
J. H. HARRISON, Manager.
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Cast 4th St., St. Paul, Mlaa,
SATURDAY, JULY 19, 1902.
The gathering of two of the Afro
American national organizations in St.
Paul last week was an event of very
considerable interest to Afro-Ameri
cans and to the whole people, as well.
They brought together a large num
ber of the thinkers and workers of the
race, though, owing, doubtless, to the
distance of St. Paul from the thickly
populated portions of the country,
the number was somewhat smaller
than it would have been in some city
easier of access. It may be said,
however, that the reception and treat
ment accorded the members of the
National Afro-American Press Asso
ciation and National Afro-American
Council by the press and the people
of the Twin Cities has never been
equaled anywhere during the lives of
the organizations. The homes 'ol the
people were thrown open to all com
ers and the various daily newspapers
.vied with each other in reporting the
proceedings of the meetings. Special
.photographs of both organizations
Vwere published together with numer-
i-^ous portraits and sketches of the more
'prominent personages in attendance.
The number of our fairer brothers
,,^and sisters, who were in attendance
at the meetings, was much larger than
ever before, and,our own people evinc
ed an interest, as shown, by their at
tendance at all meetings, which was
a most encouraging feature. These
meetings though at times somewhat
turbulent owing to the presence of a
few malcontents who, however, were
not sufficient in.number to either rule
or ruin, must be productive of much
good among all classes. A feeble at
tempt was made to inject politics into
the proceedings of the council and at
tack the national administration, but
fortunately it died a bornin'. On the
whole the meetings were a grand suc
cess and there is every reason to feel
gratified that they were held in the
great Northwest.
In his address at the meeting of
the National Afro-American Press As
sociation, President Cyrus Field
Adams paid a glowing tribute to Presi
dent Roosevelt. He was interrupted
by proloriged applause, when he said:
"It should be gratifying to us to know
that we have in the White House a
man who is President of all the peo
ple, who is broad enough to take coun
sel with Booker T. Washington, and
who is courageous enough to denounce
lynch law and mob violence."
In the death of William Still, who
was widely known as the father of
the "underground railroad" the race
loses one of its strong men. At the
time of his death, which occurred in
Philadelphia Monday, Mr. Still was
80 years old and left a fortune of
about $1,000,000. He was born a slave
but helped more than 10,000 slaves
from bondage to freedom "over the
""underground railroad."
"Character Building," by Booker T.
Washington, just published by Double
day, Page & Co., New York, is made
up of a selection of practical simple
addresses which Mr. Washington has
delivered on Sunday evenings to the
students of Tuskegee Institute.
The Republican party has not done
anything that it ought to have done
so far as the race is concerned, but it
is safer to trust than the Democratic
party, which has opposed every move
ment for the amelioration of the condi
tion of the Afro-American.
The Democrats thought they would
bring out the anti-trust issue for the
fall campaign, but President Roose
velt jumped their claim.
In his Pittsburg speech President
Roosevelt recommends that there be
national legislation in restraint of
trusts and monopolies.
N. A. A. C.
'Continued From First Page,
sense" to the solution ornis prooiems, ne
should be able to wipe out the remainder
before its close, and" materially increase
his financial status.
He has now the opportunity to improve
his home life, to learn the fine art of liv
ing, and just proportion as this home
.ife becomes truly noble, truly inspiring,
crvsly artistic, shall we find the young
jeopls* who go forth from this "golden
milestone" prepared to make use of their
opportunities and to achieve success.
J. he well rounded character embraces
the ar.t, ihe science, the pnilosophy of
life, hence in our desire to develop the
intellectual forces of the race, and to
seize the industrial opportunities of the
^moment, let us not forget to develop the
moralities so essentiafto the permanent
progress of a people.
A feature of the musical programme
was the vocal solo by Mr. Cyrus Field
Adams, president of the National
Afro-American Press Association.
The program of the morning*s session
&=-.tfday included a report from the com
mittee on vital statistics on "Race Mor
tality, Causes and Prevention," read by
Dr. J. E. Porter a report from the anti
lynching bureau, read by the chairman,
Mrs. Ida B. Wells Barnett the report.of
the business bureau, given by Emmett J.
Scott, its chairman and finally an address
by E. H. Deas, of South Carolina, who is
House of Hope Church, 5th and Exchange Sts.
Wednesday Evening, 8 P. M.
ChorusHallelujah Chorus Handel.
Mr. W. T. Francis,
Mr. S. Edward Hall.
Mr. C. H. Miller,
Mr. J. S. Harris,
Mr. A. W. Haynes.
Mrs. J. S. Harris,
Mrs. A. S. Weber.
Mrs. W. T. Francis,
Mrs. F. L. McGhee.
Mrs. J. C. Anderson.
Mr. Claude D. Jackson, Director.
Mrs. Lulu King, Accompanist.
QuartetteCome Holy Spirit.
Introductory Address
Rev. Dr. H. T. Johnson, N. J., Presiding.
SoloThe Rosary Ethelbert Nevin.
In English, French and German.
Mr. Cyrus Field Adams, 111.
InstrumentalPolonaise in C-sharp Minor (Op.
26, No. 1) ..Chopin
Miss Hattie Grissom.
Address"The Twentieth Century Negro: His
Opportunities for Success"
Mrs. J. Silone-Yates, Kansas City, Mo.
InstrumentalOverture .t Tannhauser.
Mr. L. F. Mason, Minneapolis.
Address" The Problem of Work"
Prof. W. E. B. Dubois, Atlanta, Ga.
Address..Hon. T. Thos. Fortune, New York City, N. Y.
Benediction .Rt. Rev. G^ W. Clinton.
Thursday, July 10th, 8 P. Nl.
ChorusThe Lost Chord Proctor-Sullivan.
InstrumentalThe Midsummer Night's Dream (Para
phrase) Smith.
Miss Mae Williams.
QuartetteLead, Kindly Light.........Dudley Buck.
Invocation Rev. Dr. M. C. B. Mason, Ohio.
ChorusAchieved is the Glorious Work Haydn.
Instrumental Prof. Weir.
Address .Rev. Dr. I. B. Scott, Louisiana!
Address"Moral Courage as a Factor for Social
Regeneration"..Mrs. Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin,
Boston, Mass.
Benediction Rt. Rev. C. R. Harris.
The. report of the committee on vit.il
statistics sought to show the inacuracy
if the prevailing belief that the death rate
among negroes living in cities is heavier
than among whites.
Mr s. Barnett's.report of the work of the
anti-lynching bureau stated among other
things: "The true extent of the lynching
outlawry cannot be told. Two weeks ago
a color ed man was found hanging to a
tree. had been lynched during thi
night. What his name was, who lynched
him, or for what reason, has not been
discovered. For many years the Chicago
Tribune has made a faithful compilation
of lynchings every year. The record thus
made shows to Jan. 1, 1902, the number of
lynchings since 1885 is 2,658. Of the 135
lynchings in 1901, 121 occurred in the
South and 14 in the North. Of the total
number, 107 were negroe3, 2o whites, 1
Indian and 1 Chinaman. The alleged
crimes for which they were lynched in
cluded onlv 27 cases of criminal assault or
attempted assault."
Colored Man in Business.
The report of the business bureau by
Emmett Scott was of especial interest,
owing to the fact that Mr. Scott, who is
the private secretary of Booker T. "Wash
ington, is also the secretary of the Negro
Business Men's league, recently founded
by Mr. Washington. The aim of the so
ciety is to encourage colored men to en
gage in commercial enterprises. Chair
man Scott reported that during the last
year he had come in contact with
colored business men, representing 37
states and 39 different lines of trade.
Some of them, he said, were doing a
business of from $30,000 to $75,000 a year,
although the average is much lower.
The council transacted a large amount
of business besides the election of offi
cers at the afternoon session. The con
vention adopted a resolution of thanks to i
Mrs. Ida B. W: Barnett for her report
and her work as the head of the anti
lynching bureau. Rev. W. T. Vernon,
president of the Western university for
colored students in Kansas, read a paper
on "The Needs of the Colored Ministry."
This was followed by an essay oh "The
Value of Literature in Race Develop-
ment," by Mrs. Fannie Barrier Williams,
and an address by James H. Guy, county
attorney at .Topeka, Kan., on "The Un
doing of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth
Mrs. Williams told of the work of negro
authors and investigators, saying:
"Twenty years ago it was the common
opinion among us that the only field for
an educated black man was in the pro
fessions. Now the negro graduates of
Harvard, Yale, Cornell and Chicago, as
well as of the humbler colleges, are giv
ing themselves to work in all the lines of
enterprise and inquiry opened by mod
ern thought.
Legal Bureau.
The legal bureau of the council report
ed through its chairman, Prof. Jesse
Lawson of New Jersey, on the work now
in hand to test, before the federal courts,
tne constitutionality of the Louisiana
constitution of 1898, and also the validity
of the constitutions of Al.ibama, North
Carolina and other Southern states con
taining the grandfather clause." It also
discussed the status of pending legisla
tion to create a commission for invest!
gating the conditions of the colored peo
pie, and showed that the bureau had pre
pared and presented to congress an
amendment to the interstate commerce
law prohibiting common carriers from
discriminating against passengers on ac
count of race or color.
Tho svUIc^nfeetlns of" tne* council -.a^.t
-nlgfet, with Booker" WashTn^ton"^ "its I
chiei attraction, drew ^audfSce which
nllej tne House of Hope church. There
was a good musical program, and Dr. I.
B. ftcott of New Orleans spoke brieflv of
the relations between Northera *an
negroes.on Mrs. Josephin S
&unln, presidentthof the Er club
the chairman of the Republican State com- Boolte* Waahlngton.
mittaa nf frho*
spoke "Moral Courage as
tor Social Regeneration."
"he great negra leader was at bis h**t_
anu LOT more than an hour held the at
tention, ot his hearers alternately by his
humor and by* his hard sense. He min
gled stories of Southern life and reminis
cences of his struggle in building up the
Tuskegee institute for negroes.
b'r. Washington said in part:
Bi"sry race which gets upon its feet has got
to tass through a material and Industrial age.
Fltt comes the clearing of the forest, planting
of 'te soil, construction of machinery and
bu{Jdlng of houses,, and with these for a
fovartation comes in later years the esthetic.
o- vears I have advocated the. importance of
an Industrial training for the negro. Some
times an objection has come to this form of
training from those that contend that the
negro for 250 years was worked. That is true,
but the great lesson which we as a race want
to learn at present is that the negro must now
learn to work. There Is a vast difference
from being worked and working. Being worked
means degeneration, working means civiliza
tion. I wamjto see a large proportion of our
"educated young men and women begin plant
ing themselves in the fundamental and wealth
producing Industries. I want to see more of
them enter those occupations by which they
make positions for themselves, and they will
not have in any large degree to go about seek
ing opportunities created by other hands and
other brains.
With all her disadvantages, there is an op
portunity for Industrial and business develop
ment for the negro In the South that is
scarcely presented in any other part of this
country. The negro is learning to take ad
vantage of the opportunities by which he is
surrounded. George Kennan, the great Rus-^
sian traveler, who has traveled extensively
through the South, makes the statement that
notwithstanding the fact that the
serfs were freed at about the same period as
the negro and notwithstanding the further fact
that the Russian serfs were given land by
the Russian government and that the negro
had to buy any land of which he has become
possessed, nevertheless the progress of the
negro In the South Is to-day equal to or greater
than that made by the? Russian serfs. In
Georgia alone^ according to official statistics
gathered by Tr Du Bois. the negro owns
1,400,000 acres of land and pays taxes upon
property valued, at over $15,000,000.
Strained Relations.
I have .heard It stated more than once within
recent months' that the relations between the
two racatf are more strained now than ever.
To this statement I hardly subscribe. In
making it one should tear in rr.in-1 the rela
tions which existed in the South between tfe
two races fifty years ago. There was but one
relation, that of owner and slave, that of
master and servant. During the last thirty
five years the two races have been adjusti^
themselves to new relations and if, while th.s
adjustment is taking place, there }s frW.ion
and unte: t. tnust not become alarmed or
I am glad to see in this council so many
evidences of the fact that we can sink the
individual preferences and differences and
unite our efforts in the one direction of uplift
ing the race. |5 this connection we must bear
in mind that 'the great body of the race lives
in the South and is to remain there perhaps
for all time, and we who live in the South
must not become estranged from those of our
race who live in the North. Each man must
work for the common good. You must not
take it as a sign of cowardice if some of us
who live in the South see gleams of hope and
encouragement for the race in that part of
the country which you up in this section can
not always see.
Friends i the South.
I should prove myself a coward "and a
traitor if I did not assert, while we have
strong, helpful friends in the white race in
the North, we have strong, helpful white
friends in the South at the same time. I can
not exhibit, that kind of ingratitude which
would make me forget the white men who. in
tb.little town. qJL Tuskerse, when I. was-
rUnir to founl that institution without"a dol
lar, took hundreds of dollars out of their own
pockets and loaned it to me without a guar
anty that It woul-1 be returned, in orde- that
that institution might be built up for the
benefit of our race. Such white men are not
energies to the negro, whether they live In
the North.or whether they live in th? South.
Such organizations as this shoul 1 bear in
mind. that we cannot by ourselves help for
ward the race in any. large degree by fault
finding, condemning or criticising. W must
bear in mind that destruction is easv* con
struction is difficult but it is by construe ion
3,326 hat the ability of a race is measured rather
37 "han by destructldn or fault-finding. The ob
ject lesson of one ne?ro succeeding in every
community as a wealthy, prospprous farmer.
Or a? a contractor, or as a banke*-, or as a
cotton-mill owner, Is worth scores of mere
abstract speeches. W must not become dis
couraged and disheartened as a race. I see
nothing from/Which to"grow hopeless." At the'
I do not underestimate
theisserlous- the tremendous problem that before
The Influence of property, education and
high character are universal, are everlasting,
and these influences. cannot be nullified In any
PP.!*. f Qu
The "mornins session was devoted tc
routine business. Dr. I. B. Scott \offered
an amendment to the constitution, which,
after tjeing referred to the executive
committee, was adopted. It provides thai
hereafter, all elections of officers shah be
by ballot and on the second day of the
annual convention, instead of the last
day and that-it shall be in order, after
the report of the nominating committee,
for any member to made additional nom
inations for any office, before the voting
Ja begun.
Three addresses were heard at the aft
ernoon se3slon, and the executive commit
Isaiah T. Montgomery, a former slave
owned by Jefferson Davis, and now re
ceiver of public monies at Jackson, Miss..
as down on the program for an address
on 'Th Economic Status of the ,Negrc
in the South." As Mr. Montgomery was
not present, his paper was read by tlu
secretary. J. R. Clifford of Martinsburg
W- Va., read a paper on "The Best Mean?
of Orsanizinr "thP Afro-Amorlfan P-nm
One of the most noteworthy addressee
was delivered by J. Madison Vance ol
New Orleans, who is the director of the
council's legal bureau, which has in
charge the cases brought to test the
validity of the constitutional amendments
to those Southern states which have prac
tically disfranchised the negro. Mr. Vance
reviewed the aistory of the
of the negro before and sincee the Civil
war, and discussed the effect of the va-
supremlegal court in
thirteenth, fourteenth anc
eclsion th
fifteenth amendments,
The discussion of the convention, as well
s the several resolutions offered during
the sessions, are summarized in the fol
lowing 'j./-, ~s
Address to the Country,
which was reported by W.* H. Steward,
chairman of the committeeion resolutions,
and after some debate adopted the 1 chusetta Cyrus Fiel-d Adams* Illinois
council: r*' O Mason, New York J. C. Dancy, North
,rf-ni .'M a, giT"-" **S linO:
xuo mstory ot the negro In this country has
been as peculiar as la his condition. It has
been a subject of discussion from the yeai^
of his' Introduction in 16?0, without his- con-
sent, until the present time, and all legislation
*ince his residence has been enacted against
him without his leave or approval. The negro
has always been loyal to this country, and
has been fighting Its battles from 1T7 on
Boston Common until the present time, and
the race feels that it has a right to expect
the same recognition and protection from the
state and the federal government accorded
to other citizens under like., circumstances.
The battles for liberty never go backward,
and. as valuable, as
were the truths of the
Declaration of Independence, the emancipa
tes proclamation -was necessary to give it
emphasis and give liberty to the slave.
Since the emancipation of the slaves and the
adoption of the three war amendments to the
Federal Constitution considerable progress has
been made in the intellectual, moral, social
and material condition of the Afro-American,
and in this effort they have hed the substan
tial sympathy, assistance and encouragement,
and still, retain it, of by ,far a majority of
the American citizenship antagonism to us
as a man and as a citizen having been and
being confined to a small but insistent, per
sistent and resourceful minority of our fellow
Progress i Education.
The importance of education has always
been appreciated, and the Illiteracy of the
race has been steadily reduced, and a new
thirst for education created, until to-day there
are upward of 300 colleges and academies es
tablished in this country for the scholastic!
education of the negro, and more than 5,000
students are taking their courses. Besides
this there are 20,000 public and primars
S/.hool3 with 50,000 teachers and 3^000,000
pupils. Certainly this should be regarded as
sufficient evidence of our desire to obtain
proper intellectual equipment for the high
duties of American citizenship.
The church has gone side by side with the
school In the work of uplifting the people,
and as a consequence more than one-half of
our people are members of some church, and
give support and encouragement to its enter
prises. These churches have aided wonder
fully In the' making of good citizenship, and
a people who serve God and love their neigh
bor cannot be a menace to good government or
good morals.
As much as education and religion are neces
sary, we advise the race to encourage and fos
ter business enterprises, for the vast sums of
money earned and spent annually by members
of the race. If judiciously handled, ...could be
come a mighty lever in making for the race
large cities of the country and the failure to
take .up large tracts of unoccupied lands, sug
gest that our people, in changing residence,
take up these lands and establish colonies, as
has been done in some sections, and not emi
grate to the large cities where conditions are
not favorable to the improvemeent of the race
along moral and healthful lines. A hpmeless
people is a thriftless people, and to that end
every good citizen should endeavor to earn his
own home and to make it as comfortable as
his means and condition will allow, and make
this home his castle, which should have and
deserve his defense and protection. Many
friends have given the race encouragement by
giving its members employment In industrial
and commercial lines, for which we are pro
foundly grateful, and without which we could
ttot have made the advancement that has been
ours to achieve, and of which we are proud.
Protest Agrainat Disfranchisement.
Despite the progress made along all lines, and
the removal of objections to the exercise of the
franchise on account of the acquisition of edu
cation and wealth, the disposition to. disfran
chise the race by legislative or constitutional
enactments seems to be on the increase in some
sections of our country. This Is indeed poor
encouragemeent for the sacrifices we have
made in the equipping of ourselves for good
citizenship. W do not object to any reason
able qualification for the exercise of the suf
frage, _but we do insist that the requirements
be such as wHl ap .l To att Tlt'zTns aV':e
The establishment of reformatories for th
Detention and reformation of youthful crimr
inals is one of thwe pressing ne-ds of the situa
tion, andb where they are not propei?y provide'!
I S?
te e, the auditing committee and the com- enraged men. sustained often by public senti
Mittee on vesolutions made their reports. mnt In communities where the Ivnching oc
curs, simply to gratify a thirst for blood, have
hung, shot and burned men, women and chil
dren who are entitled to the protection of the
law and a trial by a jury of their peers. W
plead first for a popular sentiment against mob
violence, and lawlessness of every character,
and the enactment of such laws will
those that engagw the business of taking
human lifeP witnout the sanction of law.
Wo to regret that congress has deemed
fr ,have
that bettermeent in its condition which wins' few, while the white abolitionists\vere
lor them the respect and confidence of man not very numerous. Now the journal-
kind. The congested population in many of the ist contends for our rights as citizen
'"earnest]v petition for thei
establishment as a means of saving manv of
our vouths from a life of vice and crim* w'h'ch
is the result of association of this cKss of
transgression with old and hardened criminal*
the penal institutions of the several stat
vve renew our oft-repeated hones that the
males and females as well as ehillren be sepa
rafed when confine! In these institutions.
btrange and unreasonable as it may seem,
yet it is true, that predjudice appears to be on
the Increase, and legislation of overv con
ceivable ^character to crush, but and humiliate
the manhood a womanhood of the race ft
being enacted. To this diss of unlust legisla
tion belong the separate car laws in many
the Southern statesa and so bold have the ad
vocatef oefd these measures become that thev
Int the very thresholof
of the capitol of cur nation, unchallenged ex
cept by the manly efforts made by members of
our own race acting upon.the part of the Na
tional Afro-American council against them
Such legislation is unjust, unwise5
and unneces-
sary, and though these laws pretend to require
equal and exact accommodations, it is rarely
If ever provided, and even If it was, at the
bottom of such legislation Is always a bitter
and stern prejudice which bodes not good to
a common people in a rommoun country.
Lynching Denounced.
Lynching* which is never justifiable. Is a
species of lawlessness and violence that is st'lj
too prevalent in our country, and must be
suppressed. The strong and vigorous denuncii
tlons of mob violence by President Roosevelt
and Governors Longmo of I^lsslsslppi and Yates
of Illinois must In. a, measure nreate sentiment
in the right direction, and they have our
thanks and should have the commendation of
the American people. An Investigation into
this question, by the bureau of our organiza
tion justifies the statement that in a large ma
jority of the lynchings the victims are only
charged with misdemeanors and minor felonies,
and In many cases are entirely innocent but
retxae ta exercispunissh
i ni tne Airo-American court- powers in the Federal Constitution to
enter upon the thorough investigation of the
suffrage abuses in the Southern states,. pro
vided for by at least one of the five bills In
troduced into congress bearing upon this ques
tion, and In which not only we but the entire
'electorate of the country are vitally con
cerned. W have further to regret that the
federal congress deemed it not of sufficient im
portance to enact into law the Irwin inquiry
bUY introduced at the instance of a represen
tative of this council, ldoking to a thorough
Investigation of the conditions of the Afro
Americans -vas it has developed since the War
of the Rebellion. W have also to regret that
there has been a deplorable disposition man
ifest in the federal congress during the past
four years to ignore all matters of legislation
In which the rights of Afro-Americans are
(Signed.) W H. Steward, Kentucky, chair-
manW E Bois, Georgia W A.
Pledger, Georgia J. M. Vance, Louisiana
Nelson Crews, Missouri W T. Vernon, Kan
sas Mrs. J. E Porter, Minnesota G-'W.
Clinton, North Carolina J. Smith, Massa-
would patronize teapr
SopranosMrs. Frances Leo, Mrs.
Glenora Lewis, Mrs. Walter Turner.
ContraltosMrs. J. C.-Anderon, Mrs
W C. Joyce.
TenorsMr. A J. Bell, Mr. T. R. Mor
gan, Mr. C. Alexander.
BassosProf. J. W Luca, Mr. E J.
TENOR SOLOToreador Song from Car-
menBijetMr. Bradley S. Walker.
Field Adams, The Appeal, Chicago, 111.
SOPRANO SOLO"The Carol of the
Lark"BaileyDMrs. Bertha Heath-
A largely attended reception wavsB giveni' cannot be said. nicety of execu--exd
very fine an it was bad that
some of the best numbers were cut
Mr. Claude Jackson, the director of
the choruses at the night meetings,
may well be proud of his excellent
work. The Hallelujah Chorus and the
Last Chord were artistically rendered
and gave evidence of the masterful
work of Mr. Jackson.
The singing" of Mr. Cyrus Field
Adams was an agreeable surprise to
everybody and he made a hit and was
the only one to respond to an encore.
It was something of a novelty to have
a song rendered in French, German
and English.
St. Paul came to the front nobly in
the manner in which the various or
ganizations sent delegates.
The local committee is preparing its
report which will be published next
Minnesota fared very well in^ the
distribution of the council plums.
A lady's wrap was found in the sen
ate chamber during the sessions of the
council, which the owner may obtain
upon proving property. Call at THE
APPEAL office.
N. A. A. P. A.
(Continued ^"rom *'irat Page.)
oi nuraamty, was John B. Russworm,
who issued the first Afro-American
newspaper, Freedom's Journal, March
SO, 1827. Mr. Russworm's publication
mat with more and greater obstaclss
than any paper ever published. At that
time the
Afro-Americanh opf thee Northerew
then it contended for our deliverance
from the curse of human slavery.
"On the 1st day of November, 1847,
Frederick Douglas began the publica
tion of the North Star, at Rochester,
N. Y. The editor of the-North Star be
ing head and shoulders above many of
his colleagues, his paper v/as readily
accepted as one of the most formidable
enemies of American slavery. The
North Star was conducted on a much
higher piane than any of the preceding
publications. Mr. Douglas had by his
eloquent appeals in behalf of the aboli
tion cause created a widespread senti
ment and he was known as an orator.
"For sixteen j'ears, against much op
position, single-handed and alone,
Frederick Douglas demonstrated that
the Afro-American was equal to the
white man in conducting a useful and
popular journal.
"In 1850, the name of the North Star
was changed to the name of Frederick
Douglas* Paper, which was published
until it was able to chronicle the
emancipation of the slaves. It war
then discontinued, having triumphe?
in the cause for which so vigorouslv
"We should reveie the memory of
this noble band of men who saciificed
themselves upoh the editorial altar for
the race. They were noor in pocket,
but noble in spirit. Their time, their
talents, their money, were freely giv
en that Ave might enjoy the fruits of
their labors, for it is scarcel--- probable
that tney hoped to see the direct re
sults of their works, yet some of them
lived to see emancipation and enfran
chisement, and we who live today,
thirty-five years after, see the Afro
American making progress alonsr lines
wholly unlooked for, unthought of be
fore the war."
Mr. Adams gave some statistics
shov/Hsr the progress the Afro
American race along educational lines
He also called attention to the fact that
470,000 freedmen and their children
have gained possession of 1,000,000
acres of land in a generation. Through
out the United States, according to the
latest statistics and estimates?, of
1.410,700 Afro-American heads of fam
ilies, 264,28S own their homes ana
farms and in this commercial age this
means power and prestige.
National Disgrace,
"'It is a noticeable fact that while
the infamy of mob law lias apparently
gained a firmer footing than hereto
fore, if that were possible, not only in
the. Southern states, which may be re
yarded as the storm center of lawless
ness, but in other sections of the coun
try, the national sentiment against it
becomes stronger and more asserted.
Here and there an honest and courage
ous governor in the South, lik-j Gov.
Longino, of Mississippi, has taken such
a strong position against mob law as
to attract the attention an Rdmiration
of the people of the republic. a.nd to
discourage '-hose who incline most to
the mobocratic mania. While con
demning crime of whatever character,
and by whomsoever committed.- the
Afro-American press as been and is
fighting for a.i orderly administration
of the law."
The musical program for the even
ing session was one of the finest ever
heard in St. Paul, and was as follows:
PIANO SOL.O"T he Appeal," Grand Tri
umphal MarchWeir.(Dedicated to
John Quincy Adams, St Paul, Minn.)
Prof. W A Weir (The Composer).
CHORUS"Hail to the Chief," (Boat
Song)Prout.St. James A M. E
Choir. Prof. J. W Luca, DirectorMis
Mae Williams, Organist.
cock Wilson.
FaustGounodPilgrim Baptist Church
Choir. Prof. Allen J. French, Director
Miss Evelyn G. Hickman, Accompanist.
SopranosMesdames Bertha Heath
cock Wilson, John H. Hickman,
William Green, Joseph H. Harris,
M. Tibbs, Lulu H. King, W. H.
Reynolds, Misses Nellie Brown, Josie
Harmon, Narcissus Johnson.
AltosMesdames W. Carter, W. T.
Francis, William Haigh, F. B.
Pierre, Freeman Reynolds, Addie
Peyton, Miss Sadie Nickens.
TenorsMessrs. Bradley 8. Walker,
C. S. Harrison, Jacob H. Carter, S.
Edward Hall, Alex. McKenzie.
BassosMessrs. John H. Hickman.
Jos. H. Harris. Wordon Hayn
Chas- B. Fair, M. Duncan. J. H.
Hickman, Jr., Earl Walker, William
PIANO DUET"II Trovatore"Verdi
Grand Fantasia arranged by Melnotte
Miss E. Edna Grey, Minneapolis Miss
Evelyn G. Hickman, St. Paul.
ire Synip
1'rr-si'Tor.t Ailan was iol'ov/i'v*. by a
'oor or soeviker,? whose addresses wre
.indued to throe mnates each, hsi ins for
.heir g-n^ral topic, -The Outlor.k for :'ia
r!?.cV Thse speeches were" poin.c-r nd
iract.'cal. -ind the force with which .hey
made point a.ter point was itself a good
indication of the progress ot the negro
in education.
J. B. Scott' of Now Orleans. Charles
W. Scrutchin of Bemldjl, Mian., Miss
Martha Webster of Louisville, Ky., Rev.
J. C. Anderson, pastor of St. James' A.
M. E. church of St. Paul, J. W. Thomp
son of Rochester, N. Y., Mrs. R. Jerome
Jeffrey of Rochester, N. Y., J. C. Dancy
of Washington, D. and Rev. G. H..
McDonald of Springfield, III., were the
speakers of this "rapid-fire symposium"
on the progress and future of the colored
Deocle in Amp.rk
There were also three extra num
bers, the Hallelujah chorus by Pilgrim
Baptist choir, a violin solo, "Cavatina"
by Wolf, rendered most artistically by
Mr. Felix Weir, a graduate of Chicago
Musical* college, and"a duet "Ave
Maria"-by Mr. and Mrs. Jas. H. Har
ris, superbly rendered.
Of the special choruses too
sentiment an tion daintiness oSuch
t- ta*- state university^ armory', i ^J J *_ ^_ ,.~.K~..
,m*_- pressed power in every number is
COUNCIL CHATTER. seldom ,heard in so young an organ-
Trie musical program which was Nation as that which was under the
prepared ford the nighttoo meetings* was I direction Mr. A. FrenchcappeeTh.h
the climax terminated which, taken
all in all, was perhaps the most en
joyable program ever given in Pilgrim
church. Mr. French's interpretations
are so artistic and his insistence on
every little detail so marked as
particularly noticeable.-
Mr Frencebot
merits more than a passing notice in
his adaptibility as a director and his
name may properly be classed with
the leaders in voice culture. Mr.
French does not claim to be a profes
sor of music, but he has at 706 Ger
mania Bank building as fine a dental
laboratory as there is in the North
west, where he does claim to be a
professor of mechanical dentistry and
caters only to the dental profession.
Of course the St. James A. M. E.
church choir, under the direction-of
the veteran Prof. J. W. Luea, was all
that any one could wish for, both in
style and execution.
The singing of Mr. Bradley S. Wal
ker was as it always is, par excellence.
Mrs. Bertha Wilson added new
laurels to her already enviable repu
tation by the superb rendition of her
numbers. To say that she was never
better is but mild praise.
Misses Edna Grey and Evelyn G.
Hickman crowned themselves with
glory in their piano duet. Both are
excellent performers.
Mr. Weir deserves special mention
for the artistic rendition of his excel
lent composition.
Rev. McDaniels addressed the
Throne of Grace at the evening ses
Pilgrim church never held a larger,
finer looking nor more highly delight
ed audience than at the evening ses
The pastor and members of Pilgrim
are entitled to much praise for the re
ception accorded to the association,
and a vote of thanks was tendered for
the same.
The symposium of rapid fire three
i minute speeches was great. All
named on the program were not per
mitted to speak for one reason or an
other, but those who was heard were
all right and met with hearty ap
Everybody was delighted with the
evening meeting.
The patience of the large audience
Monday night was very commendable
to it and complimentary to the asso
ciation in view of the fact that it re
mained until mid-night, many having
to stand during the whole time.
May 25th, 1902, at 6:30 a. m passed
from the joys and sorrows of this life,
into the perfect life, Mrs. Harriett
Louisa (Chesley) Mackey. She was
born near Chewsville, Washington Co.,
Md., June, 1836, and was married to
Robert Mackey, October, 1852. Age
66 years.
Since early childhood she has been
a resident of Hagerstown, Md., and
had lived in the house where she died
over fifty years. In early life she be
came a Christian, and joined Ebenezer
A. M. E. Church, of which she was a
faithful member until death.
The church and community suffers a
great loss by her death, which touches
a wide circle of friends here, where
she has been loved, respected and
honored for her sterling integrity as a
Christian of personal piety and gen
uine benevolence, and as a wife and
mother, in the sacred precinct of a
cultured and beautiful home life.
She was a genial, kindly woman,
ever ready to help the needy, and to
assist in every good work, a kind and
loving wife and mother, ever thought
ful of others, full of sympathy for all
suffering, keenly responsive to the
spiritual life of the church, a lovely
friend, and a humble disciple of the
Lord Jesus.
The last hours of her life were quiet
rest, from which she went out gently,
and without struggle. Her face was
strikingly beautiful, with a sweet con
tent and satisfaction written upon it.
The slight trace which the years
had made was removed, and the look
of youthful days returned.
She was a member of "Perseverance
Lodge, No. 3," Independent Order of
Good Samaritans, and Daughters of
Samaria, also of "The Laboring Sons
and Daughters."
She leaves to mourn their great loss
a husband, two daughters, Cora L. at
home, Mrs. Martha Coumpton of Har
risburg, Penn, one son, Wm. K., St.
Paul, Minn., four grandchildren, one
at home, Pearl Webster, and three in
But they mourn not as those with
out hope. They feel that she has only
gone a little before, and is waiting
with other loved ones, to welcome
them, when they, too, shall have
crossed over the river. ''rUessed are
the dead that die in the Lord."
The family wishes to thank all
friends for their kindness to her dur
ing her illness, and pray God's bless
ing upon them.
'Tis hard to break the tender cord,
When love has bound the heart.
'Tis hard, so hard to speak the words,
We must forever part.
Dearest loved one we must Jay thee
In the peaceful grave's embrace,
But thy memory will be cherished
Till we see thy heavenly face."
"Rest in Peace."
By a Friend,
The healthy condition of St. Paul's
finances is demonstrated by the ab
stract Issued by the comptroller of the
currency, taken from the returns of
national banks date April 30.
St. Paul occupies an enviable posi
tion in the matter of increase of bank
deposits, the comparison between 1892'
one of the biggest and best business
years the country has even known
and the current year shows an in
crease of 70 per cent in deposits
1892 being $14,512,518 as against $24,-
780,000 for the present year.
One of the phenomenal instances of
individual growth is that of the St.
Paul National bank, which shows a
gain over the year 1892 of 178 per
cent, giving total deposits at the time
of issuing, the latest statement of
$2,425,748.30. This is by far the best
shewing made by any of the St. Paul
national banks, and is therefore
worthy of especial comment. Among
the other natipnal banks an instance
is sliown by each, the smallest being
40 per cent. Altogether St. Paul's
showing isp decidedly creditable and
indicative of an ^extremely healthy
condition of mercantile affairs.
When a man is complimented, he
may not swallow it all, but lie thinks
there is something in it.Atchison.

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