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The Appeal. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn. ;) 1889-19??, August 02, 1902, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016810/1902-08-02/ed-1/seq-1/

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Curiously, there are on the New York
polfce force two-awn-^a* *xperien^d_de-.
tective and a patrolmanwfco, though
not blood relations, resemble each oth
er so much that many suppose them to
be twins. These tvo men also resemble
-:.a well known Philadelphia-'thief' knowa
asv-'tRed Tim" and when either is identi
fled bv victims of a robbery as their
desponer detectives at once search or
In 1875. Mr. Boutillier rode down town
'"'Jn^.a horse car to the custom bouse
carrying a. canvas bag. filled with gold
/-CQih. He was roobed by a- gang, and
^.wjjen asked to designate the supposed
-thieves from agroup of men he at once
selected the detectiye who resembled
"Red Tim." But when Tim was arrested
Mr. -Boutilller's confidence was so shaken
that he could not identify the theif, and
the fellow escaped punishment.
In the summer of 186? the family of
Mr. Levy, who occupied the house ta
West Twenty-third street where the Na
than murder was committed, advertised
the house for rent, furnished, as they
were about going to Europe. Among
those who answered the advertisement
were three men. who examined the prem
ises with Mrs. Levy and a servant. By
some device they managed to elude the
attention of their guides and, after theh
departure, it was found that diamonds be-
1-It aba*to publish 11 the news possible.
SJItdoes 40 impartially, wasting no words*'''
:,j 8Jtacorrespondents areable skd energetic*
^rtFrr tt 11 11 HI***'!!- 'MTr't"l"t"K"Mttt'+
Enough of Them to Make life Mia
erable for the Other Fellow
Many of the Peculiar
engine: to Miss Levy and valued at near
ly $3,000 had been carried away. The pol
ice were notified and a description of the
thieves given, which led to the arrest of
"Stephen Brown," alias "Kid Glove Steve
Mike Duval, a Frenchman, and Johnny
/Gallagher. The three were taken into
custody as they were about to enter the
Olympic taealer in Broadway. Mrs. Levy
ar.d her servant fully identified all three
as the men who committed the robbery.
When brought to trial Brown and Du~
*al pleaded guilty, and each was sen
tenced to state prison for five years. Gal
lagher, however, protested his innocence
and was tried, the jury giving a ver
dict against him. The late Judge Stuart
rose in the court room, and striking the
table with his fist exclaimed, "The jury
has committed a greater wrong than my
client." This led to a scene of confu
sion, as Baldwin, the foreman, tried to
strike the lawyer for his language.
Brown and Duval then stated .that Gal
lagher was not engaged In the robbery,
the third, man being a notorious sneak
thief named Sinclair. This fact being
brought to the knowledge of Mr. Bald
win, he and the Jury petitioned Judge
Russel r* to receive the verdict, but
the judge declined, saying the verdict
was in accordance with the evidence.
Gallagher served a sentence of over
three years for a crime that he had not
been guilty of, it being afterward learn
ed that on the day of the robbery he
was serving as a soldier undec Geri.
Butler in Newbern, N. C.
In May, 1887, Mrs. Margaret Alemsly,
of No.--14 Gay street, New York, sud
denly seised August Jansen by the shoul
ders as she was walking up Broadway,
and, wrenching open his mouth, .coolly,
began 'to- e*afiufie'V:-^r:-~^^ -JanieW
/T"' ^^"ii:
broke away from the woman and escap
ed. A few days afterward Mrs. Alemsly
saw Jansen at work in front of a store
in Broome street, where ho was employ
ed as a porter, when she caused his ar
rest on the charge that he wag her hus
band, who had deserted her two years
before. The prisoner was arraigned De
fore Judge Wandell, when the woman
declared that in 1865 she had been mar
ried to Jansen in Charleston, S. C. The
prisoner denied all "knowledge of his ac-
cuse*-, and said that he bad a wife and
five children of his own. It then appear
ed that the original Alemsly was a
Scotchman, while Jansen proved to be a
Dane, but Mrs. Margaret Scott eame for
ward and also identified Jansen as the
man who lived with Mrs. Alemsly in
No. 235 West Twenty-first street. Mary
Egerton, aged thirteen years, picked out
Jansen from among forty other men as
the o-.fi who had lived with her aunt in
No. 114 West Eleventh street. Mr. Brooks,
the employer of the prisoner, testified
that Jansen had been with him,, seven
years, and that he had never lived at
either of the addresses given by the wit
nesses. It finally was decided to be a
Clear case of mistaken identity, much to
the indignation and evident grief of the
In the spring of 1861 a barrel of pitch
was stolen from a Jersey City pier, and
the same day Ada Rlcard, a v/cman of
(Teat beauty, but of doubtful character,
suddenly left her hotel in New York. A
few days later a porter employed on the
pier saw the naked foot of a woman
protruding above the water on North
river. He at once landed the body,
when it was found fastened by a rope
around the waist to the missing barrel
of pitch. The body was entirely nude,
there was a gag tied In the mouth, and
it was evident that the. woman had pos
sessed much beauty.
In due time the body was buried, with
the exception of the head, which was
preserved by the city physician. Sub
sequently a man happening o see the
head declared it to be^that of Ada Hi
card. On this clue the detectives found
Charles Ricard, her husband, who had
not lived with his wife for some time.
He gave a minute descriptfcn of certain
marks, suoh. as the loss of a tooth, the
cicatrice of an old wound on her leg,
the result of an accident, and the abnor
mal development of her limbs. He was
not at this time aware of the supposed
death of his Wife, and when shown the
Z*. head was overcome with grief and hor- we are,well 'aware that many people will
pooh-pooh the idea, but at the same time
what unsurmountable obstacles would
there be to prevent the United States an
nexing Manitoba, the territories and Brit
ish Columbia in, say 1&2, if 70 or 75
per cent of the population of those prov
inces had not taken the oaths of allegi
ance and were residents of Canada while
citizens of the republic" and with their
sympathies labeled U. S.? Now is the
time to deal with the matter, and our
legislators should see to it that the laws
are so made that actual settlers cannot
work for the interests of a foreign gov
ernment except as rebels or revolution
ists.Manitoba. Liberal.
ror. Th police at once began to trace
us Ada's history to discover the murderer,
when they were astonished by the return
of the woman to her hotel from a visit
to New Orleans. The head was next rec
ognized by Mrs. Callahan, of Boston, tut
that' of her daughter, but next day the
daughter was found in Bellevue hospital.
he head has now been burled many
years, and the identity of-the corpse" re
mains a mystery.
Forty or fifty years ago a forged check
for a large amount was presented.at the
counter of the Bank of America. For
several days no trace of the forger could
be obtained, and the sensation caused by
the crime was almost forgotten when it
wjaa "revived by the teller causing the ar
rest of a inan lie saw standing at the
door of the City Hotel. In roadway,, oo me j noiei sroaaway
near Chambers street, _The prisoner..11'cok}'-:
turned out to ne Mr. Keamond. t?e pro
prietor of the hotel, and he vehemently
denied" all knowledge or complicity in
fhe la-gery. Ihe teller, however, per
sisted in identifying Mr Redmond as the
person who had presented the forged
check and received the money. Despite
his high character the grand jury in
dicted Mr. Redmond and he was placed
on trial, it was then clearly shown, de
spite the positive testimony of the bank
teller, that the latter was entirely mis
taken, and the prisoner was acquitted.
The real forger never was discovered.
In January, 1880, Leonidas Binne of No.
809 Hudson street, entered the New York
postoffice, where he met John Sontag, a
bookkeeper for the Gemuania Fire Insur
ance company. Binns at once asked a
policeman to arrest Sontag, saying that
he was the man who, on a Sixth avenue
car some days before, .had stolen his
^.f Are you sure, he is the- manT* demand
ed the officer. -^~"ZZ-
""Yes I cannot be mistaken," was Mr.
Binns',. reply.
On their approaching Mr. Soritag, the
accuser said: "I wish you to return the
wateh you robbed me e\?w:C ^':kM^:{
Alter a stare of surprise Mr. Sontag
laughed ar.d replied: "Your watch!
What do I know about it?"
As Binns persisted his accusation
Sontag was arrested and arraigned be
fore Justice atxby at the tombs, when
the complainant repeated his statement.
"You are positive that this Is the right
man?" said the magistrate.
'Yes, sir- positive."
"This is a dreadful mistake," exclaimed
the priSoner, seeing that his position was
becoming desperate. never saw ttte
complainant before. I am a respectable
man, and was in bed at home, in the
Tremont, when he says the robbery took
Sontag was held for trial, but before
the grand jury acted. upon his case It
was proved to be one of mistaken iden
Remarkable Leader From a Mani
toba Paper.
The remarkable movement in Western
Canada's fertile areas of, farm lartd this
spring has been a subject of much com
ment throughout the dominion, and here
in the West has resulted in a feeling of
buoyancy and increased faith in the great
future awaiting this portion of the Brit
ish empire.
It is conceded that the impetus given to
the West by these land operations Is al
most entirely due to the arrival jof the en
terprising and shrewd Americans who,
ever on the alert for new fields to con
quer, have crossed the line and found an
empire of vast resources at their very
threshold, awaiting only capital and en
terprise to develog.it and make it what
nature intended it* should be^-the world's
While Canada welcomes with open arms
the arrival of their Southern cousins, the
glag hand has been extended mainly be
cause this movement has improved busi
ness generally, while it is also a pleasure
to have the English-speaking race the
predominant element among"new arrivals.
There is, however, another phase to be
considered, in connection with the move
ment from the United States. At present
large blocks of land are being sold to
American companies or capitalists, and it
is the intention of these investors to sell
these tracts in smaller areas to actual
settlers. Within the past few weeks
areas equal in size to a whole proviifee
have thus been disposed of, one deal re
sulting in the transfer of 700,000 acres,
or a territory greater than Prince Edward
Island province, being sold to United
States buyers, while there is scarcely a
'day. that transfers do not take place, and
the number of acres sold in this way al
ready reaches the millions.
When this state of affairs viewed
from a Canadian or national standpoint
^^^P rtir.vafR)%
tfmservatrVfe'--^estfinajte*"of the"* movement
of actual settlers from the United States
this year places the number a 50,000
souls. This, however, is but the first
wash of a great wave extending north
westwards from the great republic, and in
ten or twelve years we believe we are
safe in saying that 1,000,000 tp .1,500,000
people from the United States will have
made their homes in Manitoba and the
territories. This means that the combined
Canadian, British and miscellaneous pop
ulation will be outnumbered by a ratio
Of perhaps 3 to 1, and of course the
effect this will have in questions of polit
ical interest to Canada will be of great
importance. The majority of the United
States settlers are not taking the oath
of allegiance to King Edward because
they are not homesteading their farms,
but are buying from American coloniza
tion concerns and therefore do not have
to take the oath as would be the case
were they taking up public land. It
is true that they will not be entitled to
the ballot unless the oath is taken, but It
is not to be expected that a majority of
a population intelligent and well-informed
would tamely submit to being ruled by
a minority. .The present war in South,
Africa is the diract outcome of such a
condition .of affairs. It is therefore the
duty of the government at the present
time to enact legislation making it neces
sary that newcomers taking up land un
der the present system, either securing
public lands or buying for settlement,
should be compelled to take the oath be
fore they are given a clear title to their
property. It would be no hardship to
the new arrivals and it might save much
trouble in the ^future.
Western Canada must look .to. the
United States for the sources of its prop
er and rapid development. Ontario and
the other Eastern provinces have fur
nished us. our best blood, but it is
evident that the outflow from the East
cannot continue as in the past. Eastern
men of mony are slow to recognize the
business advantages of the West,, and in
fact it appears that by a great-' many
in the East we are regarded as a portion
of the dominion that has to be tolerated.
British capital, while It has helped build
up the states has neglected Canada, with
the result that to-day the big republic
has become an important world power
and is casting about her eyes seeking
new possessions, and as the enormous
possibilities of Canada are becoming
more known, Americans 1 naturally con
sider the advantages of having Canada,
and particularly Western Canada, under
the folds of the Stars and Stripes. We
do' not believe for a moment that there is
any plan formulated or being worked
out directly with this object in view, and
A Cause for American Catarrh:.--7
It is a well-known fact that modem changes
of temperature Induce catarrhal affections, and
I also evident that the beaiprevention of & already, adaptattwT STSIrSJr-a!
Defective Page
conumona 01 an uncertain climate. The latter
implies a certain resisting quality of the respi
ratory mucus membranes which must be neces
sarily developed along rational linesv The
hardening: processes thus become questions of
vitality, habit and environment.
The, old Indian explained his immunity
against low temperature by explaining that he
was "all face." It was with him the habit of
exposure to inclemencies and its reactive pro
tecting tendency. The other extreme is seen in
the coddling"process which our modern meth
ods of civilization encourage. "When houseR
were made of willow, the men were made of
oak." Our superheated houses reverse these
old-time conditions.
The dry-hot air of the modern dwelling is. un
4oubtedly the most prolific of alL the predis
posing causes of catarrhal troubles. The mucus
membranes are thus placed in the worst pos
sible condition for resisting the impression of
the outside atmosphere. Their natural pro
tective secretions are not only decreased, but
the blood supply of the air passages become
relatively superabundant, congested and slug
gish, and' the beginning of the end Is evident
Persons who are luckily unaccustomed to
these high temperatures often experience a
sense of oppression rrom the same cause. It W
the protest of healthy, resistance against arti
ficial enfeeblement..- Foreigners, .say with- truth
that Americans literally bake themselves in
their houses, and there is in this connection
slso much reason for their opinion as to the
eause of the American catarrh.Medical Rec
Jouard Plainer iifing
One result of the munificent gifts to
solleges, libraries and the higher edu
2ation of the people may be plainer liv
ing. It, always has gone with "high
thinking." There may appear a protest
against the mere vulgar display of
wealth. It is true that the fashionable
follies of the very rich among us have
Dften made our own philosophers smile.
Doubtless the strong, good sense of our
people, not to speak of the fact that most
Df our rich are church members or
church goers and dominated to a large
degree by that fact has prevented any
Saturnalian riot of display.
Yet we must acknowledge that a cer
tain reign of extravagance in living is
now attending our prosperity^ It is in
BO far as this has laid hold of wage
earners, the salaried men and families of
small income, that it increases social un
rest. It makes for unhappiness in a land^
where all the other conditions of human
life are the most favorable of any place
on the globe.
Butrura i-emirc mux Tne tnousanas
of young college women set a new fash
Ion of intelligence and refinement, it
would sharply effect society in the next
twenty-five years. These women may
simplify dress, household style of living,
the character of amusements demanded.
They may prefer culture to family pride,
rhey may. make men content to earn
less and read more, to value mcr-ey less
and manners more. These American col
lege girls are now numbering up in the
many, hundred thousands. Our women's
olleges give remarkably wholesome in
rtruction.. It laughs at all extravagances
exalts mind. Something is to result
that possibly the real estate men and dry
goods stores have not thought of.
It may be that, as every tenth man
shall have a1
education the. happi
ness of mind, as independent of matter,
will increase. The modest revenue, whose
earning does not kill the quiet expense*
that leave^ieisure for reading, esthetics
md the ministries of the affections the
appearance of social circles, where, in de
ightful community of "not rich, but
lice" neighbors, men know each other as
nl educated, men. can^the^braye.^epen^
onfesefenof- tfcotreands on thousands^ qf,
trpung men of culture- that- .they arV not
'in it for what they can make," all these
nay revolutionize- things. At any rate,'
:he future is not to grow toward the sor
lid. Thanks to the gifts to colleges ft*-
Astronomy, chemistry and the revel**.,
lions of the microscope things contem
plated in the physical research foundation
if Mr. Carnegie, may assume such start
ing aspects as to attract leisure. The
fascination of a geometric problem from
Mars flashed to earth may yet prove
nore exciting than a poolroom. To vfatch
the flames leap up from the sun na
make the race track, seem tame indeed.
The delight of photographing in colors,
:he phenomena of life in micro-organisms,
die unity of substances by the new chem
stry, what a world cf healthy happiness,
far beyond beefsteak and feathers, may
30on be within the reach of, people who
will live simply' and think on higher
things.New York Mali and Express.
xpe srl^
.afcr-*/. iph Road to Fortune.
"There's a mint of money in it!" exclaimed
the man with tousled hair and restless eyes
"a taint Df money!"
"Got another idea." asKed the Invester.
"Yes, sir and it can't lose! It's a same!"
JJHow Is It played?"
Oh, haven't got jlown to details yet Any
kind of a simple pastime will do.- All that*s
necessary is to fix up spine sort of a game
with .a simple outfit and call It 'Sbodledydoo'
or Ittllibedaxa' or some-other fool tame, and
then sit .down and wait for society to go crazy
over it.""Washington star.
The city of Hextoo has a poptfattoa ofnearly
Few Unintereatlnjr* Moments
Uvea of Thwte Wna Are
Engaged in Handling
takes some nerve to toy with eternity
jvetw day and go to wdjrk every morning
with the thought thai you may come
home a$ night to yta sorrowing iamily
in a basket.
men in this city
says the Springfield BpAilican, who face
death six days out'oot seven, and think
nothing of it, and it Is. death of the most
horrible kind. These men handle uhe
dynamite and nitroglycerin which 'are
used in blasting rock In the different
quarries, and they pay, but little heed to
a handful of the i'dim beyond in the
shape of a stick ofPhigh explosive done
up in yellow wrapping-paper.
These men are experts--in their trade,
and hold the position of foreman of the
various gangs who do the drilling and
blasting in East Longmeadow and Wil
braham. They are young men mostly,
the trade not being conducive to old age.
They begin as assistant foremen and re
main such until a premature crash causes
a vacancy. At first the feair of high
explosives is drilled into them until they
regard the sawdust-lined boxes with hor
ror. But in a few months they become
accustomed to their trade and handle~the
sticks of dynamite as a boy handles a
big firecracker. They claim that dyna
mite is not such ai5 terrible thing after
all, unless you eat Tit, and then it will
give you a violent Iheadache. Men have
often done this, and it makes them very
for a short tirrfe. A new assistant
foreman is almost ^always broken in in
this manner. f"'
Dynamite is an ^uncertain quantity,
noweyer, ana acts aurerentiy at airrerent
times. It burns without explosion, and
can even be dropped on the ground with
out going oft, but this is not a safe ex
periment to try. Let a stick be stroked
with a piece of-metal, (however,. and if
the man who does It wishes, to com
municate with his.friends he will have
to use a long-distance telephone. Nitro
glycerin is almost an unknown quantity,
and even the most hardened quarry man
handles" it with the utmost care. Any
thing will explode it, and many men have
been strewn over the landscape through
its offices.
A Wllbraham quarry, gang is an inter
esting study in humanity. The foreman
Is usually an-American/iJpf ,more 0 than
average intelligence and courage, and the
men^under him are Italians. These. lat
ter men drill the holes in the rocks and
make all ready for^ the blast, and tfnen
the foreman puts in the charge a*nd fuse
and lights it off. The Italians fear the
high explosive, yet they are extremely
careless in handling it, and the death
rateamong them is correspondingly large.
How the dynarotte 'gets to this fcity te
a mystery", and 'one- that will not be di
vulged. The foremen say that when
they want it they notify the people they
work for and the next morning a box
of dynamite, or "jelly," as the nitrogela
tine is termed, is found beside the tool
box. It is against the law to carry such'
high explosives on trains, for dynamite
ranks 60 and "Jelly" 90 per cent. Both
come in what are termed sticks and
weigh about one-half pound each
They are packed in boxes holding per
haps twenty sticks, each stick being
carefully packed in loose sawdust. The
sticks are about eight inches long .and
one inch in diameter, covered with yel
low paper. The dynamite is yellow, and
looks like a mixture of. vaseline and.
sawdust, and the "jelly" looks like a
thick vaseline. Before using dynamite
is crumbled up in the hand into, pow
aer, but the "jelly" -is quietly and gently
unrolled and placed tenderly in the hole
which, it is to blast., course the quan
tity used depends on the size of the rock
to be blasted, and It is necessary to
"tamp" or pack either down so that the
full force of the explosion will not go
out -and up. When it is tamped the
force will go down to a great extent
In loading rock- with dynamite vari
ous methods are used, but.the most pop
ular one'is to put the explosive Into the
hole quietly and then press it In even
more gently with a stick. When the hole
has been almost filled the-'percussion-cap
attached* to a tlrirty-secqnd fuse.Is put
hi and then^a_blt Wore dynamite nut^ in
on top or it. wnoie cnarge is men
covered tenderly with a little sand and
a match touched to the fuse. While this
is being done, the innocent softs of sunny
Italy have been seeking the long grass
and tall trees for safety. Each one yells
"Fire!" at the top of his lungs as he
runs, and just before the blast goes off
there is nothing to-be seen but the flee
ing foreman. After the crash and when
the shower of rocks has subsided to. some
extent the sorrowing forejnan:
most interesting that tne irate son or
spaghetti-land has ever passed. When
he emerged from the fray he passed a
unanimous vote that he would rather be
blown up by dynamite than by the fone
man. There was less physical discom
fort in it.
Of course, as dynamite and'''jelly?' are
not allowed to be carried on the trains,
they never are, but there are some in
teresting times for men who sit in a seat
holding a bag in their arms during the
entire journey. One local foreman said
he took a trip awhile ago in a crowded
car, and if anyone had hit his travel
ing bag no one oh the car would have
reached the next station collectively.
When he got to the end of his journey
he went to a hotel to get luncheons and
while he was registering placed the bag
on. the desk beside him. A,man came
In while the foreman was presenting his
autograph to the clerk, and was hurt
because the bag was on the desk. To
assert his rights as a true citizen of a
free country he grasped the bag and
threw it on the floor. The foreman, when
he had stopped a hastily thought-up
prayer, explained the contents of the
bag. How "jelly" is taken about no one
who knows will tell. It is never placed
on the seat of a wagon, even while being
moved from-piace=to place, ^hut .is, always
held in the. arms .of .thej^oreTnfto-^It-.is,
a pleasing-way to traveC-'an'd-!'te-nearJ
as exciting- and uncertain as touring! .'in
an automobile. The life of a dynamiter
Is eventful, and there never is a quiet
or uninteresting moment in his business until the
time when he is representing a Chinesepnzaie and
the Undertaker is trying to sorthInK' ^'"r*i-^\,H"''^.
"You may let the young ladies come
right upstairs when they arrive, Bridget."
It was a little girl not, more than ten
years old who spoke. '^4%
"Yes, miss," said the-'new girl. "Is it
them childher as was here yesterday ye
do be spakin' of?"
Eleanor nodded, and tucking her best
big doll under her arm, she ran upstairs
to the "flat?'
Eleanor Sidney and Gertrude and Lor
raine Ashton were bosom friends, and
every afternoon the three little girls were
together, ^sometimes out of doors romp
ing like tomboys, and sometimes at play
in their 'tflat." They "lived In the coun
try, and one big room on the top floor
of the- Sydney house bad been given to
1 them' as a playroom. This they called
goes in
search of his Italians. He finds them
peacefully slumbering or talking' in the
woods, and when told to go back to work
each asks in a curious tone, if the blast
has gone off. It was heard in the three
adjoining counties a few minutes before.
It takes some hours to drill 4 "hole-for
blasting, and that is the sad part of the
whole game. After the blast, there is
nothing left of the hole and no example
of .handiwork to hand down to posterity.
The local foremen are very careful of
their high explosives, yet strange "things
are apt to happen to the little tin box in
which the sticks are kept. This box is
placed carefully in the big tool box each
night and the keys of both boxes are
placed, deep in the pocket of/the foreman
during the night. Wild adventures often
take place'hear the boxes, and-one of-the
Wllbraham foreman told of a narrow es
cape which a gang of men under ha
had this spring. The dynamite was used
freely during the day, and some loose
sticks of it were left in the bottom oi
the big tool box. When the 6 o'clock
Whistle blew the Italians flocked to CTle
tool box like homing pigeons. The men
began to throw their picks and crow
bars into the box at long range. Just
then the foreman came on the scene and
yelled at them to stop, as he dove behind
the nearest tree. No one knows why
the whole gang was not blown into bits.
It was just one of the strange freaks ol
This same foreman had rather a blood
curdling escape last fall while at work
in the hills to the east. As he came up.
to the tool box at night he found an Ital
ian cuddling a stick of dynamite to his
manly, chest. The foreman gave vent
to his feelings more emphatically than
politely. To show that his wrasth was
roused, the man lifted the stick of dy,
namite above his head and let drive at
the foreman. If it had hit the mark
there would now be another assistant
drawing more pay. Fortunately the stick
went wide and fell- in .some soft grassj
The next five minutes were probably the
their "Jlat," Waving divided It off in their
minds Into parlor, dining room, bedrooms
and kitchen, like a real apartment. None
of. them had-.^ever lived in a flat, but
Eleanor had once spent the night In her
aunt's little flat in the city, and it seemed
so cosy aijd like a doll house that she
would always remember it.
The three little girls were married sis
ters when ,they lived in the flat, whose
husbands were traveling on business.
Eleanor was Mrs. Winthrop, Gertrude
was Mrs. Malcolm and Lorraine Mrs.
Williams, and there were a number of lit
tle Malcolms and Williams and Win
throps who kept the young mothers Quite
busy. Each took care of her own chil
dren, and part of the flat, and Mrs. Will
iams taught school while her sisters
planned the meals.
On this particular ^fternoon Lorraine
and Gertrude were quite early, and a
splendid game of "house" was soon in
full swing. Mrs. Malcolm and Mrs. Win
throp were hurrying and scurrying to get
the beds made and the rooms dusted, as
they expected company to, lunch, while
Mrs. Williams was hard at work teach
ing a large family of dolls the three Rs.
.Harold Eleanor's sailor doll-^-excuse me,
I.mean-Mrs. Winthrop's eldest sonwas*
unusually trying, and she was just-won
dering whether his mother would "be mor
tally Offended if she should make him
stand on the dunce stool, when a noise in
the corner attracted her attention. Wil
helmina Malcolm had fallen from her
bench and was lying stiff and rigid on the
floor. Wilhelmina was delicate anyhow,
and school was too much for her nerves.
"Sister! Sister!" screamed Mrs. Will
iams. "Come quick. Welhelmina has
.Mrs. Winthrop and-sMrs. Malcolm wer
there in an instant, and there was great
quickly dismissed.e
Wllhelmina's mother immediately had
-hysterics, Mrs. Williams had an attack of
nerves, and Mrs. Winthrop was walking
UP and down, wildly wringing her hands
and mopping her eyes, when Bridget
opened the door.
"What's all the matter?" she asked
seeing all the little girls so upset.
"Oh!" gasped Mrs. Winthrop. "Oh! oh'
oh! Poor Wilhelmina has convolutions!
Send for the doctor quick," and she buried
her face in one of the children's dresses
she had hurriedly picked up instead of
her handkerchief.
"Faith, an' it's sorry I am," said
Bridget, as she closed the door and went
clattering down stairs.
Each one of the young mothers pre
scribed a different remedy to relieve th*
sufferer, and poor Wilhelmina had her
feet-m an imaginary hot mustard bath
her head tied up in red flannel and a dose
of castor oil from an empty cologne bot
tle forced into her mouth.
Just as the excitement was at its height
quick steps were heard on the stairs and
the door was opened hurriedly.
There stood Bridget, out of breath, and
behind her a tall,-solemn-looking gray
haired man.
"Where is she?" he asked.
"Mother's out, Dr. Bruce," said Eleanor
politely, stepping forward. "I'm sorry."
"Who has convulsions?" asked the doc
tor, looking searchingly at each of the
little girls. "You are a healthy looking
"Convulsions?" repeated Eleanor. "Why,
we're none of us sick."
"Shure," interrupted Bridget, "yez said
won av the little girls had 'em and to
send for the doctor quick."
The little girls exchanged glances of
amusement,^ and then they, laughed, and
they laughed" so
hard tSat^ they could not
explain to the doctor.
"It'sit's Wilhelmina!" gasped Eleanor
at last, as she pointed to poor Wilhelmina,
still with her feet in the bathtub.
Then the doctor understood, and in
stead of being cross he looked carefully
at Wilhelmina, felt her pulse, asked her
to stick her tongue out, and then said the
very best thing was molasses candy.
By this' time Bridget saw through tne
joke, and she disappeared down stairs to
tell the cook about her mistake in not
knowing that Wilhelmina was the doll's
"And if one or all of you want to come
over to the house to get the medicine,"
continued the doctor, "I'm quite sure Mrs.
Bruce made a big supply last night."
.And a,big pro.cess.ion followed thedActpt,
h^eT'alrdv re^rned 'later wiSfHarT&l^faii
cer ol Mrs.' Bruce's delicious iiholass'e!
candy for the invalid. x",
How tlie "World's Output Compares
Willi Tbat of Other ProdnctN.
An official of the Britlbh home office, Dr.
Neve Poster, has compiled the mineral statis
tics of the world for the year 1900. This was
done with the aid of government reports from
almost all the civilized countries. In fact, he
states that he was able to obtain government
figures from alsout all the principal countries
except Argentina, Turkey, China and Persia.
To make up the figures for these four countries
he was obliged to use estimates which he him
self could take from books, pamphlets and
newspapers published in these countries- in re
gard to their mineral industries. According to
his figures, some 4,45,000 persons and employed
throughout the world in mines, quarries and
other mineral industries, and' of this number
nearly 1,000,000 belong to the United Kingdom,
while, if the British colonies are included, the
British empire has upward of 1,500,000 'workers,
a number exceeding that reported for any other
nation. Germany came second with abont
33,000 laborers, with the Potted States in the
third .place, with? just oyer half' a' million,
though Dr. Foster points but that" in this coun
try machinery, is used to a greater extent than
in any other.
According to his estimates, the quantity of
minerals raised throughout the world in 1000
was as follows:'--,
Coal .767,636,204 tons
Iron 40,427,436 tons
Petroleum 18,653,060 tons
Salt 12,672,076 tons
Fine silver.. 6,874,284 kilos
Lead" 787,841 tons
Copper 634,736 tons
Zinc 446,373 ton
Fine gold
Tin .v.......- 80,643 tons
Of the coal the British empire produces more
ChollyBeen shooting for a week, old chapI
Had great good luck! ,r-
AlgyWhat did-yon bring back? '*l"i\
-Coolly.^ (proudly)The dogs'.Plttstnjrg x\t-
$2.40 PEB TEAK.
Hardest Tak Presented by Money
Tbat Has Been Nibbled by
MiceCharred Bills
Difficult. 1
The receipt on Friday of the fragments*
Of six live-dollar bills, which had passed
through the stomach of an Iowa goat,,
and were offered atifche treasury depart
ment-for. ademption, has revived inter
est tri that -division of "the department,
which concerns itself with the redemptiort
of mutilated money, says the St. Leu-far
GIobe-DemOcrat. The bills were the
property of Charles J. Allen, a farmer
living at Ogden, Io. The affidavit which
accompanied the mass of pulp gave the
circumstances under which the bills pass
ed into the stomach of the goat.
It appears that Mr. Allen became warm
while doing some manual labor and re
moved his coat and vest and placed them
on a fence. The articles of wearing ap
parel fell from their resting place to he
ground and an inciuisiltive goat happened
along and nosed the six live-dollar bills
out of the pocket. No one saw him eat
the bills, but when Mr. Allen replaced his
coat and vest he found they had disap
peared. A companion wagered that the
goat had eaten the bills, and it was
agreed that if Mr. Allen did not find them
in the goat's stomach after it was killed
the price of the- goat would be forthcom
ing. The goat was killed and the bills
were found in a little lump in he
stomach. When received at the treas.
ury department two days ago the ma ss
had hardened into a little dark brovyn
lump that resembled anything but mon*iy
The experts took the mass in hand aria
soaked the whole until the minute parti-
cles separated. Then skilful fingers ac
customed to the work separated each.
piece and in two hours the entire six live,
dollar bills had been pieced together and
were ready to bo sent up stairs to the
United States treasury for redemption.
Mr. Alles, assistant secretary oi he
treasury, says that the occurrence was
anything but a novel one lor the govern
ment. The task of the department ex
perts in this case in separating the bills
was a comparatively easy one, and not
to be compared with others which the
department has had to handle. But a
few weeks ago a case parallel in nearly
every particular with that of the Iowa,
case was presented to the department
A Michigan tax collector, who had little
faith in banks, stored something like- ?S0O'
in a tin can for safe keeping over ni^ht
and placed the can under his house. It
appears vhat the house was elevated, so
that the family goat was able to walk
under it. The next morning, just as the
tax collector started to crawl under the
house and bring out the money owed to
the county, .he saw his goat emerging
from under it slowly, chewing on the
remnant of a new twenty-dollar bil*.
The excited collector caught the goat and
forced the portion of the bill from hi&
mouth. This was the largest piece found.
The collector was a poor man, and was
faced with the necessity of making good
the amount of funds due his county. He
killed the goat, secured the contents of
the stomach, made the necessary affi
davits as to the circumstances, sent the
matter on to Washington, and within ten'
days had bright, new, crisp bills for he
entire amount.
The regulations of the department re
quire that at least three-fifths of a bill,
shall be recovered before the government
will pay for the mutilated bill. Each'
mutilated bill is carefully pasted on a.
bach^r of iWHWr theorise et^aie cowHete _..-
hill. The expert has. a- ptece-of-gfesr-of""'
the exact size of the bill. This glass is*
divided into forty squares. When placed
over the bill, if the expert can find that
the remnants of the bill fill twenty-four
of the squares, or three-fifths of all r
them, the bill will be redeemed.
A case within the last throe weesk came
from a farmer of. St. Clair county, Mo.,
who vtfiile stooping over to feed his hogs
dropped his purse inside the pens. An*
hour later, when he missefl bis purse, he
found the leather receptacle inside, the
pen, but nothing of Is contents. There
was a slaughtering, which it had been his*
Intention not to have until several days
later. What resembled the remains of
the money was found and sent on to
Washington. Three hundred dollars waa
returned to the Missouri farmer.
It is now the custom of the department,
to return mutilated money found by any
person to the finder if it is reasonably
certain the case is a bona-flde find. This'
was not the case formerlv. Two negT'io*
Who found J3.600 in bills torn In'to small
bits on the lake front at Chicago six
years ago turned it into the sub.-streasury
at Chicago, for redemption, confessing
that' they" had found the amount. It
was forwarded, to Washington, but the
ruling of the-department was that it
could only be redeemed when one estab
lished possession of it.,
The finders got nothing. More recently
two negroes found several hundred doU'
lars near the Meramec Heights hotel, not
far from St. Louis. They turned the
money over to the St. Louis sub-treasury
and it was sent to Washington. The
money was sent backe from ther with
tructlon that th
than any other nation, her output being almost
248,000,000 tons. The United States, raised some to give it to the finder. This was the And
245,000,000 tons. This was more than was
mined in the United Kingdom, and, as may
be seen, only a little less than was- mined, In
the entire British empire. Germany Is the
third, nation, minings about. 160,000,000 tons,
'whUei-A ntrhi-HtnjBary, whtchVianks fourth,
-prddueedh^rt^ly* seme*-^^OWMftO tons. jTbe
Ui*ited States and' GreiV Britain produced,
'therefore, very' considerably 'more tnan._ half
.the total of all the coal mined in the world.
Taking all the colonies together, the British
gold output was the largest In the world,
188,491 kilos out of the total of 393,198, or
about 386 tons. Great Britain also produces
half as much tin as do all other nations, while
the United States Is far in the lead In the
production of, copper, iron, lead and zinc.
The Glasgow Herald, In commenting on this
report, finds much satisfaction in Dr. Foster's
figures regarding the safety of coal miners.
Deaths from accidents in coal mines ail over
the world during 1900 amounted to 1,012, and
of these 933 occurred in the United Kingdom
and 1.144 in the British .empire. The best way
to figure this is the death rate by accident per
thousand for all persons employed in the coal
mines. This was 1.92 for the World and only
1.29 for the United Kingdom. Belgium shows
the lowest rate of all, 1.05, while Bosnia and
Herzegovina head the death rate list with 7.96.
Figures for. the United States are given as
3.29 and for Germany at 2.19. Although the'
greater use of machinery the American
mines may make the work more hazardous,
there would seem to be no good reason why
our accident rate should be. so much higher
than that of Germany or Great Britain, par
ticularly with so many deep mines in the latter
country. But when the enormous total of coal
mined In 1900 Is considered, the total number
of deaths by accident is not' large, in fact,
rather surprisingly low.Boston Herald.
that unless some one came forward and
established beyond question proprietor
ship In the money it had been the custom
which was connected by some with a sen
sational assault Which occurred near the
resort. Where the money was found.
Burned money is the hardest for the
government experts to work on, with the
exception of the money which has been
gnawed by mice. Saturday afternoon*
there came into the department a cigar"
box full of money which had been sent
from Philadelphia with the necessary-
alBdavlt showing that It had been inside
of a poorly constructed safe and had been,
burned to the condition in which ft waa.
forwarded. Evidently with the idea that
the original package ought not to bev
broken, the sender inclosed the eharredf
pieces with some silver coins which had
ilso been badly burned in the same safe.
During the passage of. the money
through the mails the heavy silver was
shaken through the charred bills until
there was hardly a piece left big enougfe
to cover more than the head of a ptn
Each of the pieces looked as though
taken from a grate.into which papers had?
been thrust. Mrs. Brown, who is ins
charge of the experts who handle the
mutilated money, all of whom are women,
did not despair, although she deplored the
thoughtfulness which had allowed silver
and charred paper to be packed together.
She 1 called two of her assistants and the
threc, by he aid of magnifying glasses,.
soon brought out four $60 bills, and with
in an hour recommended that they be re,
deemed by the treasurer.
The mice-chewed bills make puzzles for
the experts which can only be solvtsdl
with infinite patience and. care. Each of
the pieces Is carefully laid out on a hard,'
flat surface, and then with the assistance
of strong glasses magnified BO it can to
placed JC proper position in relation
to all of tic others. Th? experts have a.
cenv of .evr bill which has spar beep*

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