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4 HATIOKAL AfRO-AMERICAH HEWSPAPEP.
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9AMS BROS. EDITORS AND PUBLISHERS
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O. A3AMS. Manager
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ofliceatSt Paul, Minn., under act of Con
gress, March 3, 1879.
Copyright 1909, by Harris & Ewing.
PRESIDENT WILLIAM H. TAFT
The Republican platform,
adopted at Chicago, explicitly de
mands justice for all men with
out regard to race or color, and
Just as explicitly declares tor the
enforcement, and without reser
vation* in letter and spirit of
the thirteenth, fourteenth and
fifteenth amendments to the Con
stitution, is needless to state
that I stand with my party
squarely on that plank in the
platform, and believe that equal
justice to all men and the fair
and Impartial enforcement of
these amendments are in keeping
with the real American spirit of
fair play.Hon. Wm. H. Taft's
speech accepting Republication
nomination for Presidency.
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1910.
On the topic of 'depravity of the
Afro-American population, much has
bepn said by the Caucasian press.
That depravity has been made the ex
cuse for lynchings and all other out
rages perpetrated upon the pro
Ul these have been exploited as
means to preserve the purity of the
white race. Yet it may fairly be
doubted whether or not the purity of
the white race is, in all instances, so
immaculate as to justify such extreme
For instance, the Chicago Record
Herald gives the following account of
how New Year's was celebrated in the
high-toned cafes of the city:
"We are told, on good authority, of
young women in the most revolting
stages of drunkenness of the com
plete breaking down of social bar
riers of disgraceful exhibitions that an increase of 6.07 per cent.
I IBERTY IN AMERICA.
During the graduating exercises in
the Baron de Hirsch school in New
York, where fiftv immigrant children
had lenrned the English language suf
ficiently will to enter 1he public
schools Copyright 1909, by Harris & Ewin?
HON. FRANKLIN MACVEAGH
Secretary of the Treasury, Who in His Annual Report Promises Reform
of Customs Service, Urges Federal Economy and Ad
vocates Civil Pensions.
Retrenchment is the keynote in the eluding the naval building program,
estimates of expenditures for the ex- are $f,84.132,197." the report says.
ecutive departments of the govern- "Excluding the increase on the Pan-
ment for the fiscal year 1911, embod- ama canal estimates the total esti-
ied i nthe annual report of Franklin mates for 1911 show a decrease of
under the appropriations
Including the increase in
estimates, the total esti
1911 show a decrease of
under the appropriations
MacVeagh as secretary of the treas- $57,241,494
ury, made public today. This is in of 1910.
line with President Taft's declared the canal
policy of greater economy in admin- mates for
isterirg the affairs of the government $42,818,969
"The total estimates for 1911, in- for 1910."
suggest the worst features of the no
torious French balls."
If anv such orgies occurred in Chi
cago, or any other part of the coun
try, among Afro-Americans, THE
APPEAL has not heard of them.
when the American flag was
borne past the children, one little girl
pulled up the folds and reverently
kissed that which symbolized to her
freedom and safety for the refugee,
an end to oppression and the right to
life, liberty and the pursuit of happi
In the United States are 10.000,000
Afro-Americans who are alleged to be
citizens. All were born in this coun
try. Thousands now liivn
id ^jJKkJJ*&.a.sW Stbijj^di'Jtetk-, L. -V
THE UNITED STATES
tought to defend the flag thousands tlhings of all kinds are so vastly su-
who are dead gave up their lives in perior to those of the same kind which
deefpso of the flag. Th race gave! exist in other parts of the world that
250 vears of unrequitted toil and add-1 they will be surprised to learn that
ed billions of dollars to the wealth of i an intelligent citizen of Boston who
the country and since the civil war just ret'urned from a tour of Europe
have added other billions to the na- found that in some respects the idea
tional wealth. I is by no means correct. The gentle-
The majority of these people are i man in question visted an European
ioyal, peaceable, law-abiding men and city about the size of Boston and had
women, yet thev are wronged and op-1 the curiosity to wish to see the slums
pressed in the land of their birth. of the city. relates as follows:
In twelve states of the Union, in There were no streets swarming, as
which the government is a travesty' in large American cities, with children
on democracy, Afro-Americans are who had no other place to stay. The
HON. FRANK H. HITCHCOCK.
Postmaster Genera: of the United States.
With a postal deficit of nearly $17,500,000, the largest in the historv
of the Postoffice Department, as its leading features. Postmaster Gen-
eral Hitchcock's first annual report is given to the public. A cursory review
of previous periods traces the financial condition of the department from
a self-supporting basis between the years 1789 to 1810, except for a sin-
gle year, to the colossal shortage for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1909.
Second-class mail privileges and the rural free delivery service are blamed
for the big deficit, the former to the extent of a loss in its operations of
$64,000,000 and the latter of $28,000,000.
To give some idea as to the size of the postal service and the magni-
tude of its operations, the report states that the service now has about
325,000 employes. These employes handled during the last fiscal year near-
ly 14,000,000,000 pieces of mail. Th number of postoffices in operation is
60,144. There are 26,652 domestic transportation routes, aggregating 448,-
618 miles. A delivery service by carrier is provided on 40,628 rural routes,
and in 1,440 cities and towns. Ordinarily postage stamps to the number
of 8,712,907,031 were sold during the year, and domestic money orders to
the value of $401,074,844 were issued. The total receipts for the fiscal year
of 1909 were $208,562,383.07, an increase of 6.31 per cent over the receipts
of the previous year. Th total expe nditlures amounted to $221,004,102.80,
subject to discriminating laws, their
civil and political rights aie disre
garded and their lives are neA^er safr
from the fury of the mob.
The little Jewish girl ought to be
grateful that she has left Russia,
where her race is oppressed, to live in
Ameiica. where foreigners have their
rights protected. The Jew, despised
and maltreated in Russia, can como
to America and send his children to
the genera! public schools, while th^
Afro-American in many parts of the
country must have his children enter
jim crow schools or gtow up in ignor
The most ignorant and degraded
foreigner who comes to this country
has a decided advantage over Afro
All true patriotic Americans are, of
have course, impressed with the idea that
streets on which these homes were
located were as clean as in the most
prosperous parts of the city, and that
means cleaner than any part of Bos
ton. The same was true of the back
yards and alleyways and places that
here would be dirt ioles.
In the United States, every city,
without exception, is cursed with
slums and the slums run the city. Cer
tain parts of the city are given over
to filth and vice. The red light dis
tricts of Chicago are known through
out the civilized world. Americans
have not yet learned the art of run
ning their cities on the European
plan. VERDICT FOR AFRO-AMERICAN.
Mrs. Agnes Carver Brent, an Afro
American woman, has been awarded
a verdict for $750 damages against the
Great Falls & Old Dominion Railway
Company for alleged false arrest, by
a jury in the Circuit Court of the Dis
trict of Columbia.
The plaintiff was a passenger in
August, 1906, on a car from George
town to Livingston Heights, in Vir
ginia she was seated in the third seat
acting under the jim crow car law of
Virginia, directed 'her to move to the
second seat from the rear. When
she declined he caused another em
ploe of the- road, known as a special
officer for Fairfax county, but not for
Alexandria county, to place her under
arrest. Sh was taken to Great Falls,
it was testified, then to Rosslyn, and
to the Alexandria county -jail, from
which place she was released about
It was a great outrage and Mrs.
Brent ought to have gotten the $20,-
0C0 she sued for. It is, however, re
markable that she was awarded $750,
from the roar of the car, and when tranchisement of the Afro-American,
Virginia was reached tbe conductor,
the usual award in jim wow cases
in the District is one cent and costs.
BLACK MADE WHITE.
An Illinois scientist recently told a
learned society in Boston that it is
entirely possible for a Negro to make
a white man of himself. All he has
to do is to use certain injections and
baths until the chromosomes in tne
cells become attenuated or destroyed."
THE APPEAL does not know much
about the above treatment, but from
an article in Pearson's Magazine it
learns that in Louisiana and other
Southern states a whole lot of people m^nt the death of Embassador Nabu-
whoso chromosomes have been atten- co, who was the William Lloyd Garri-
and who are passing as puie son of Brazil.
William E. Curtis attributes tlhe un
rest in India, which is giving the Brit
ish government so much trouble,
ly educated by the government and
he is probably right. He quotes from
Pope the line, "A little learning is a
dangerous thing," but does not quote
the next line, "Drink deep or taste not
the Pierian spring." Nor does he sug
gest that a little liberty is also a dan
gerous thing is being learned by every
white race which is exploiting a dark
skinned race for political and commer
cial purposes Humanum est errare.
The British government has grant
ed a comparatively liberal degrpe of
self-government in India as the result
of th demand tor an amelioration of
.the condition of the native population.
Throughout the East there is an awak
ening and conditions are changing for
the better. In Christian America
the Afro-American is being systemat
ically and continually robbed of his
rights and su&jected to humiliating
conditions of life.
At a medical powwow in Atlantei,
Dr. Stiles said:r "The hookworm was
undoubtedly brought here by the Ne
groes." Which leads THE APPE AL
to remark that both the Negroes and
tho hookworm were undoubtedly
brought here by the white man.
HON. CHARLES S. DENEEN
largely to the class of natives partial-
The Brave Governor of Illinois Whose Quick Action in Telegraphing to the
Big Four Railroad Ordering Superintendent of Cairo Division Not to
Transport Any Crowd of Persons Prevented a Lynching.
white people are really descendants A bandit is one who wrecks a tram
of San Domingo free mcr and woniien but the fellow who wiecks an entire
of color. Some of these are among railroad is a financier,
the very aristocracy of Louisiana.
Since one of the government music
men has raised a terrible storm by
As a specimen of the way the South-
ern prohibition laws actually prohibit,
it may be mentioned that a Georgia fied and impressive
man in whose possession $2,000 worth
of liquor was found, plead that he
bought it to fill a prescription made
by a physician for his wife. The jury
accepted this admirable defense and
found nim not guilty without leaving
Ii anything would justify a mob, it
is the action of the cold storage com
panies in corralling vast quantities of
food for speculative or stealage pur
poses. Much of the high price is due
to these practices, and no one need be
surprised if their plants are, sooner or
later, demolished by hungry men and
Jimmy Vardaman, the Mississippi
otocyon-mergatus, is trying to get to
the United States Senate in order to
swipe the Fifteenth Amendment'. He
One of the most rapacious of the
trusts is that of the undertakers. One
undertaker in Chicago is now furnish
ing a casket for which $100 is charged
by others in the same line, for $o0.
The thing should be investigated.
If nothing else will suffice the ven
dors of meat to lower the price, the
fact fhat Mrs. Hettie Green is suffer
ing because she cannot afford to eat
it, ought to do so.
How can a man afford to spend
more money to secure an office than
th^ entire salary of the office? The
quesUion is woith studying. 1
Every friend of freedom must la-
I pronouncing Dixie' the most popu-
lar national song, it seems meet for
but we warn him ifo hkew tacklesi tha old
Fifteenth, he probably will have the
pogonip before he gets through with
it. Butrush in, etc.
The Marvland Democrats have
evolved another scheme for th dis
registrationt.o The proposed end isi of course,
make the state as solidly Democratic
Stensland, who cleaned out the 02,-
000 depositors of the Milwaukee Ave
nue Bank of Chicago, has been turned
loose by the Illinois Board of Par
dons. He is in a pitiable state ot
*nd information, address
to say its say
inated in the same way, and the mu
sician who wrote it off made no se
cret of the matter, but admitted that
he caught it from "Whistling Dick,"
who was accustomed to sing and per
form on the streets of Philadelphia.
THE APPEAL is of the opinion I
that "Dixie" is about as fit as "Tan-1
kee Doodle" for our national song, i
Both are bufEoonry, pure and simple,
utterly unworthy of any national rec
ognition, and hopes that in process
of time some American genius will
arise to compose fcr us a song that
will rank with "L a Marseillaise,"
"Die Wacht Am Rhein" and the Rus
sian National Hymn.
W need something solemn, digni-
^tuskegee is40miles east of Montgomiry_P i'*,
,-5 miles west of Atlanta, on the Westet-a t:J.
lti c&kegee is a quiet, beautiful oltl
^9,and is an ideal place for sii"*'1.&'
'vis at all times mild ?.i ,-v
xig the place an esc^Lc^ i v'
The Oldest and Best School in Texas
for Coloied Students. Faculty mosti\
graduates of well known colleges in thp
north. Reputation unsurpassed. Manua
training a part of the regular course
vfusic a special featuie of the school.
Special advantages tor earnest students
A Practical, Literary and Industrial
Trades School for A fro-American .\3oyp
anil Girls. Unusual advantages for Crls
mid a separate building. Address
Joseph D. Mahoney, Principal.
All the advantages of the finest and most completely
equipped Conser\atory building in the world, the at
Biosphere of a recognized center of Art end Music and
association with the masters in the Profession are
orlered students at tbe New England Conservator} of
Music Thorough work In all departments of music
Course* can be arranged In Elocution and Oratory.
CE0R6E W. CHADWICK. Musical Director.
AllparlicOa* sand year book will be sent on application
the matter and that say is that its _.o A.-U^. I^.^
Negro origin, and was probably writ
ten and arranged by Dan Emmett
from what he had heard the Negroes
of his company sing.
Indeed, old Dan, in his account of
the way he came to write the song,
almost admits the fact for he says:
"When caught in inclement weather,
the Negroes with the circus were
wont to wish thev were back in Dix
ieland." This undeniable proof of the
Negro origin of the song which old
Dan Emmett caught and wrote off.
COLLEGES AHB BCHDDLB
fcMnrtaa BuUdln* Boys' Halt Stone Rail. airitf HalL Model Horn*
SCHOOL OF MEDICINE.
REV. W. P. THIRKIELD, L.L. D.,
Robert Reyburn, M. D.f W. C. McNeill, M. D.
The Forty-firs',. Annual bession will Degin October 1, 1908, and continue eight
FOUR YEARS' GRADED COURSE IN MEDICINE
THREE YEARS' GRADED COURSE IN DENTAL SURGERY.
THREE YEARS'GRADED COURSE IN PHARMACY.
AN OPTIONAL FIVE YEAR COURSE IN MEDICINE ISOFFERED.
Full corps of instructors. Well equipped laboratories.
The New Freedmen's Hospital, which adjoins the Medical College, just cormlerecl
it a cost of $500,000, offers unexcelled clinical facilities.
The Third of
lorial and Mistrial Mt ii
3rg'anized July 4, 1881, by the State pearls.
%ture as The Tnskegee State Norma} School
exempt from taxation.
BOOKER T. WASHINGTON, Principal.
WARREN LOGAN, Treasurer.
Tn the Black Belt of Alabama where ilia
&?acks oncnumber the whites three to one.
ENROLLMENT AND FACULTY
Enrollment last year 1,253 males, 882*
."emales, 371. Average attendance, },105.-~
COURSE OF STUDY
English education combined with industrial
-failing 28 industries in constant operation.
VALUE OF PROPERTY
Property consisting' of 2.267 acres of land.
0 buildings almost wholly built with student
3.sor, is valued at $350,000, and no mortgage.
$50 annually for the education of each stu.
ent ($200 enables ore to finish the course
000 creates permanent scholarship. Students
J~-y, their own board in cash and labor.}
,.ony in any amount for current expense?
Besides the work done by graduates as class
oom and industrial leaders, thousands k.ro
cached through the Tuskegee Negro Confe.".
I" I a II i.
UNIVERSITY. Atlanta, Oa.
An unseotarUn Christian Institution, devoted espeolallr to adnranood edaov*
College i?reparatory and BngUah High School oouraeaTwifi
faduatrlal Training. Superior advantage* in Musio and Printing, Athletfo to?
toys. Physioal culture for girls. Horns llfs and training. Aid given to ne
|essrvlng_ students. Term osgins the first .Wednesday
weanesaa ootober Fo oatalogu*w
resident HORACE BUMSTKAD, D.
Virginia Normal Collegiate
DepartmentsNormal and Colls
giate Special attention to Voon)
and Instrumental Music, Theoretical
Agriculture, Sewing and Cooking.
Healthy Location heated by
steam, lighted by electricity room,
board, tuitios, light and heat, |M.
For catalog and particulars writs
to Presideat Virginia Normal, Colls*
glate Institute, Petersburg, Vs.
andweeks 1909, and continueSessioweeks snx fo Medical CourseSchool and four for Dep Cours
For furtner information or catalogue, write
W. C. McNEILL, D., Secretary
53! Florida Avenue,
Wasnington, D. C.
Polyclinic will begin May
GAMMON THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY
AIMS AND MFT-HODS.
The aim of this school is to do prac
tical work in helping men towards suc
cess in the ministry. Its course of study
is broad and practical its ideas are hgh
its work is thoro lgh its methods are
fresh, systematic, clear and simple.
COURSE OF STUDY.
The regular course of s'tudy occupies
three years, and covers the lines of work
In the several departments of theological
instruction usually pursued in the lead
ing theological seminaries of +he country.
rent are free The
Have You Heard of
Mrs. Cora E. Best? who
Another, once very popular song'ease peculiar to your sex has fastened itself
"iJsten to the Mocking Bird- orig- upon you, write at once to your friend, Mrs
ar plainly fur
utm *fm the
gifts of friends,e arre granted deserv-
sy need bto deprived
such wonderful work in restoring HEALTH
Best and she will gladly give you advice.
Do not delay, until it is too late, but ad-
MRS. CORA E. BEST,
&es now opened
REV. J. W. E. BOWEN, 1
RAINERD INSTITUT industrial school with
CHESTER, S. C.
graded course of study, designed to gne
a thorough, symmetrical and complete
Enghsh education, and lav a sohd foun
dation for success and usefulness in every
Board and boaidmg halL
vocation of life.
FOUNDED IN 1M1.
Fourteen teachers, elegant and com
modious buildings. Clfmate unsur
passed. Departments: College Pre
inFTY DOLLARS IN ADVANCE.
will pay for board, room, light, fuel
tuition and incidentals for the entire'
year. Board $6.0Thorough 0 per month.
SAMUEL HUSTON COLLEGE.
A CHRISTIAN SCHOOL.
Able and Experienced Faeulty.
Progressive \n all departments, best
Methods of Instruction, Health of Stud
ents carefully looked after. Students
taught to do manual labor as well
as think. For catalogue and other in
formation, write to the president
R. S. LOVINGGOOD.
ing women. Ii you have, you know
^~4-~~* z~ ^T_J^T TL I I
or the love and esteem in which she is held.
by the women. If you don't know of Mrs
Best, you had better enquire of your neigh-
bors or friends about her and the Best Com-
bined Treatment: Thousands of women each
year are getting acquainted with her, why
THE BEST COMBINED TREATMENT, as
originated and manufactured by Mrs. Cora
E. Best is saving thousands of forlorn and
helpless women from constant suffering, in-
sane asylums or untimely graves. If any dis-
in each department. Send for circular
to the president.
Rev. Judson S. Hill. fo. D.,
CONCORD, N. C.
This well known school, etablshed
for the higher education of girls will
open for the next term October
kvery effort will be made to provide
for the comfort, health and thorough
instruction of students. Expense for
board, light fuel, washing, $43, for
term of eight months. Address
Rev. D. J. Satterfield, D. D..
Concora N C.