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The Appeal. (Saint Paul, Minn. ;) 1889-19??, January 21, 1911, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016810/1911-01-21/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOL. 27. NO. 3.
1It aims to publish all the news possible
8It does so impartially* wasting no words
8Its correspondents are able and energetic*
case. Captain (now Rear Admiral, retired) Sigs
bee, who waa in command of the vessel on the
fated night, escaped together with a number of
his officers and men, but a large proportion of
the ship's company went to watery graves. Fol
lowing the disaster there were recovered the
bodies of 163 men of the Maine's crew, but more
than three score of the men who gave up their
lives for their country on that night have never
to this day been accounted for. The officials of
the government are all confident that the remains
of these missing men will be found in the hold
of the wrecked vessel when she is raised to the
surface In accordance with the elaborate sal
vage plans now in progress. Probably only the
skeletons of the unfortunates will remain, but the
government will provide a regulation coffin for
each and accord the full honors of the service in
connection with interment in their final resting
It is fitting that the national legislature should
designate Arlington as the resting place of this
final grim muster squad from the long-submerged
Maine. For Arlington is probably the most sig
nificant of all our great national cemeteries, and
here already repose in their last dreamless sleep
HE other day in the Treasury building
a heap of worn-out greenbacks lay
awaiting Nirvana by the fire route
when, in greenback lingo, of course,
a bill suggested:
"Let's kill time by autoblographing
a bit. Wake up there, Onebuck! Sup
pose you tell us upon what occasion
In your opinion-your purchasing power was great
eat, or least?"
A lop-eared bill yawned and answered:
"I've bought some pretty nifty things In my
day. Drinks for two boes who'd just hit town
after 200 miles of imprisonment in an empty
freight car, a photograph a girl had taken to send
her soldier boy sick in the Philippines. Once I
paid for a ticket out of Chicago to some Indiana
"Pretty good as far as you went," cut in the
interlocutor. "Now we'll hear from Fiver."
"Well, I urged a messenger boy to walk a
block in 15 minutes"
"Listen to the bromide!" Greek chorused the
others. "Next!"
I Another one-dollar bill responded. Judging by
appearance he had the heart of the poet, for even
In that tattered company his raggedness was no
ticeable. He spoke softly:
"I once paid for the pearl of greatest price. A
woman, whom the world had bruised, took me to
a drug store and converted me into a tiny vial of
The interlocutor cleared his throat suddenly
land called on Hundred.
|p f*
neverOld bought anything worth much. I
*""Where the'Vict imsl?
those other heroes of
the Maine who gave up
their lives because of
treachery. The re
mains of the Maine's
men that were recov
ered immediately after
the disaster were first
interred in a cemetery
at Havana, but arrangements were later made
to transfer them to their native land and they
were reinterred at Arlington with solemn cere
mony the latter part of December, 1898, about ten
months after the Maine went to destruction.
Already plans are under way for a splendid
monument to be erected, after the new graves
shall have been made, to all the victims of the
Maine. Rear Admiral Sigsbee, who was in com
mand of the Ill-starred vessel, is interested in the
project and so are many other prominent public
spirited citizens, including a number of the men
and women who were instrumental in raising the
money for that stately monument to the Rough
Riders in connection with the placing of which
former President Roosevelt delivered one of his
best addresses. Within sight of the graves of
the Maine victims at Arlington also is the tower
ing shaft of the monument erected by. the Na
tional Society of Colonial Dames in honor of the
memory of the heroes of the Spanish-American
war, more than one thousand of whomvictims
of the Cuban campaign of 1898rest within the
shadow of this lofty tribute.
Indeed the green hills of Arlington overlook
ing the Potomac river just opposite the city of
must confess," responded the hundred-dollar bill,
"and I always got a grouch when I saw myself
bring in so little of the real goods. Oftenest I've
been spent in such fool ways that I blush at the
remembrance, as for instance, when Reggie left
me in a Broadway shop in exchange for a gilt
basketful of purple blossoms not to be named in
the same day with the common or garden flowers.
"At one time I thought I had fallen into quiet
quarters for good. That was the time when a
horny-handed jay of the good old homestead spe
cies took me in payment for his crop of 'taters
and let me sleep out the spring and early sum
mer in a red yarn sock, but one morning in Au
gust, ere the dawn had flushed the faintest rose,
even before Chantecler had flapped his wings,'
I was yanked out of the sock and deep down
within me I knew that it was me for the giddy
whirl again.
"After all, it was refreshing to be back where
things were doing and being done at the county
fair. I longed to get out of Jay's trousers pocket,
but Jay was foxy. The barkers barked strenu
ously before I got out of the pocket However,
come out I did, andwell, thiniriT it over dis
passionately, I believe the privilege of seeing
what was not under the walnut shell came higher
to Jay than did the fool gilt basket of flowers
,to Reggie on Broadway."
Onebuck held up his hand, craving speech.
"Well, Onebuck, what is it?" asked the inter
"I once bought the blue chip-'with which a
gbod but erring youth staked the last dollar of
his employer's money which he bad taken, mean-
Washington are covered with tributes in granite
and marble and bronze to the nation's heroes'
men who fell in three wars. There are notable
general monuments such as those above men
tioned and the famous "monument to the un
known dead," erected over the unidentified re
mains of more than two thousand soldiers that
fell on the fields of Bull Run and other scenes
of conflict in Virginia. And there are also monu
ments over individual graves which are of the
greatest interest to all visitors to the cemetery.
Among these latter are the sculptured tributes
over the graves of Gen. Phil. Sheridan, the fa
mous cavalry leader, General Crook, the great
Indian fighter, and the gallant Lawton.
Arlington was, prior to the civil war, the home
of Gen. Robert E. Lee, the leader of the military
forces of the Confederacy, having come to him
through his marriage with the great-granddaugh
ter of the Widow Custis, who married George
Washington. The federal government confiscated
the property during the war, but later reimbursed
the Lee family for it. The old manor house,
which was the home in turn of several very
prominent citizens of the republic, still stands in
a perfect state of preservationan ideal example
of the southern manor house of the colonial pe
riod and not a stone's throw from this old dwell
ing is the amphitheater, with a capacity of 5,000
persons, which was erected in 1873 and is the
scene of all memorial exercises, such as those
which will be held for the Maine victims, when
the remains of the rear guard of the battleship's
martyrs shall have been recovered and biought
home to rest with their shipmates.
ing to pay it backthe chip with which the youth
recouped and saved honor, good name, and"
"Shut up, Onebuck! This experience meetin'
is on the leveL Two spot, what's the stery of
your biggest purchase?"
The two-dollar bill spoke, deliberately, soberly:
"Upon a certain May morning a young man
with dreams in his eyes grasped me with trem
bling fingers and took me to' the city hall. I
could feel his heart beat as he went, and every
rod or two I heard him say: 'Angel! Joy of my
soul! Beautiful darling, soon to be my own!"
"Arrived at the impressive stone building my
young man, still trembling, said something in an
inaudible voice to the party behind the desk.
Evidently the party behind the desk was accus
tomed to mind reading. He understood what the
young man wanted all right, and after a few pre
liminaries the young man handed me to the party
behind the desk and received in exchange a slip
of paper. "You think a slip of paper an Insignificant pur
chase? Well, you've got several thinks coming
to you. That spring day when the young man
carried me to the city hall, my purchasing power
was greater than It has ever been in a long life
time. I bought more'
"I know," butted in Onebuck.-l"
"What you
bought for your young man was Happiness with
a^big H!"
Twospot looked at Onebuck sadly, pityingly.
"My boy, your innocence Is positively refresh
ing. What I bought for my young man that May
morning in the city hall begins with a big all
right, but it doesn't end with a/*New York Sun,
New First-Aid-to-the-Hungry Ra
tion for Army.
Twenty-Four Hours' Meals All Packed
in a Can About the Size of
a Cake of Kitchen
Washington.A half pound of grub
a day for a hard-worked soldier' sweat
ing in the trenches! Dinner, two and
two-thirds ounces after a forced
march, when he is footsore and
weary! Twenty-four hours' meals,
all packed snugly in a tiny can, about
as big as Bridget's slab of kitchen
Such is the Invention of Gen. Henry
G. Sharpe, commissary general of
Uncle Sam's armythe busy officer
who thrice daily feds the 83,000 hun
gry mouths of our soldier boys.
He 1B the first inventor you ever
heard of who hopes that there will
never be any demand for the prize
fruit of his genius. And this is be
cause this invention is an "emergency
ration," whose use would mean, in the
first plaoe, warwhich General Sher
man rightly defined as "hell"and, in
the second place, an unfortunate emer
gency of war resulting from a cutting
off of the supplies of an army in the
The sky-blue can, which holds an
emergency breakfast, dinner and sup
per, all within its tiny shell, is four
and three-quarters inches long, less
than three inches broad, and an inch
and a quarter thick. You can wear
one in your hip pocket without
arousing the least suspicion that you
are bearing refreshments less proper
and polite.
War breaks out, say, with the Japs,
the Germans, or the bloomin' British.
Each Yankee brave in khaki has one of
these can of first-aid-to-the-empty
dropped into his haversack, where it
keeps fresh for months, and where it
must be regularly accounted for at in-
The New Army Emergency Ration.
spection until falls the unhappy day
when the enemy cuts off the commis
sariat and the pabulum fails to show
Then each boy in drab, squatting by
the good camp fire, grabs the loose
end of the blue bandeau enwreathing
the head of his can and gives her a
twist. It works after the principle
of the tin ribbon around the fragrant
sardine canonly it really works.
From the package fall three slabs of
something very like the brown cakes
of chocolate that small children buy
from train butchers and with which
they delight to crumb up the plush
seats of the passenger coaches.
The hungry soldier may draw but
one slab. From this he removes the
tightly-pressed wrapper of figured tin
foil, and so he sits down to supper.
The other two cakes must be put back
In the can and saved, one for tomor
row's breakfast and the other for to
morrow's dinner, if need be.
If his palate does not take to his
compact meal in this dry form he can,
with knife or bayonet, scrape his slab
over his tin cup and boil the scrapings
three minutes in the cupful of water,
thus brewing a hot beverage, which,
in chilly weather, would undoubtedly
be preferred to the cold, dry fodder.
It tastes much like the popular
brands of milk chocolate, but not so
sweet. Chocolatewhich French
tourists have long esteemed as an
emergency travel rationis the base
of the compound.
The exact constituents are:
Per cent.
Chocolate liquor 47.17
^ucleo casein ggg
Malted milk g'gg
Desiccated eggs 20.64
Sugar 13 7 6
Cocoa butter 3^5
Moisture (not over) 3.62
Thus you have about the most nutri
tious foods that nature affordsmilk,
eggs, chocolate, malt and sugarrde
prived of water and other unneces
sary portions, the whole mixed to
gether and pressed into cakes so dry
that less than one-twenty-flfth part of
them moisture.
Aviators, aeronauts, campers, hunt
ers and explorersto whom news of
it lately leaked out in some wayare
already writing to Washington to
learn where they can obtain these lit
tie cans.
Millionaire Indiana Car Builder Leaves
Daughter the Ward of a
Chicago Bank.
Michigan City, Ind.Little Miss
Catherine Barker, the fourteen-year
old daughter of the late John H. Bar
ker, the wealthy car builder of this
city, has learned of the strange condi
tions under which she becomes one of
the richest girls in the world.
After the funeral of her father,
which was held from the family resi
dence here, the relatives gathered in
the dining room of his mansion to hear
the reading of a trust deed disposing
of the Barker estate of upwards of $30,-
There were substantial bequests to
Mrs. Nelson Luddington Barnes of
Chicago and Mrs. Harold A. Richard-
son of London, nieces, and to Norton
W. Barker, a nephew, of Michigan
The bulk of the vast estate went to
the little daughter, who was an only
child and the idol of her father. It was
his love for her, according to intimate
friends, which made him tie up her
fortune in such a way that she might
best be protected from fortune-hunt
ing husbands.
Both the girl and the fortune are
turned over to the guardianship of the
First Trust and Savings bank, Chica
go. That institution will direct her
education and limit her expenditures
until she is of age. Even then the trus
conthiues* ja|idaon^the income
of the estate will belaid to the~young
Italian Citizens of New York Sub
scribing for Memorial Which They
Will Give to City.
New York.New York's Italian citi
zens, who have already presented the
city with monuments to Columbus,
Garibaldi, Verdi and Verrazano, are
now subscribing to a fund with which
to erect a monument to Dante, author
of the "Divine Comedy." The figure
of the poet, of heroic size, will be
backed by a shaft of granite 65 feet
from base to summit. Life-size figures
of Literature and Religion and life
size groups representing Dante's
visions of hell, purgatory and heaven,
will decorate the base. At the very
foot, in bas-relief, is the Roman wolf
suckling Romulus and Remus. Above
the poet's head is an American eagle,
bearing a laurel crown. The monument
Dante Memorial.
is tipped with a single star symbolic
of the hope of modern Italy. If the
plans are approved by the city au
thorities, the memorial will be as
signed a place in one of the parks.
Tuning the Bells.
Troy, N. Y.The general Impres
sion is that the tone of a bell is large
ly a matter of accident, but this is
not so. A bell must be tuned the
same as a piano or any other musical
instrument. Every bell has five
sounds, which must blend together in
perfect harmony, and this is accom
plished by shaving down certain parts
until the desired harmony is secured.
In the event of shaving too deep the
bell is not injured, but the tuning
operation is prolonged, as other parts
must be operated on and cut away to
a corresponding degree.
4-It is the organ of ALL Afro-Americans.
-It Is not controlled by any ring or clique.
-It asks no support but the people's.
$2.40 PER YEABi
Was the Spanish Heroine of a
World-Famous Siege.
Her Brilliant Part In a Military Event
Which Has Few Parallels in His-
toryHonored by a Grate
Madrid, Spain.Every country In
the world has its heroines as well as
its heroes, and its heroines of war as
well as those of peace. While Molly
Pitcher, who during the revolutionary
war operated her husband's cannon
when he was stricken down, is justly
famous in American annals and cele
brated in prose and verse, the Maid
of Saragossa is even more renowned
in her native country, Spain. While
Palafox was the hero, she was incom
parably the heroine of the siege of
Saragossa, one of the most desperate
in modern history and equally daring,
offensively and defensively. For her
brilliant services Spain made her a
lieutenant In the army and bestowed
upon her many decorations. Her name
was Augustina and as a girl she was
a peddler of cool drinks In the city.
From the beginning to the end of the
siege she was ever in the heat of con
flict and her courage and daring
served to hearten the gallant defend
ers in the darkest hours of those
bloody months. She won the name La
Artillera from having snatched the
match from the hands of a dying gun
ner and discharged the piece at the
invaders. She died in Cueta, Spain, in
1857, at a very advanced age.
The siege of Saragossa, in which
the maid distinguished herself, was
conducted by the French in 1808-09,
during the peninsular war. Saragos
sa was one of the cities that blocked
the success of Napoleon's marshals
In subduing all Spain. On June 15,
1808, the French invested it with a
force of 10,000 men. Its defender was
Joseph Palafox, a youth without mili
tary experience, but who had sense
enough to associate with himself men
of martial training and courage. But
while inexperienced in war, he had the
heart of the warrior, and when the
French general summoned him to sur
render, Palafox returned the immor
tal reply: "War to the knife and the
knife to the hilt."
The Spaniards made a gallant de
fense of the city, worsting the French
In many a bloody encounter and check-
Monument to Saragossa Maid.
Ing their every advance. Finally on
August 4, after a fierce cannonading,
the French stormed the place and
forced their way through the walls.
Then followed a week of most des
perate fighting, carried on in the
streets and from house to house and
the French troops, brave as they were
and admirably led and equipped, were
forced to retreat and raise the siege.
Palafox and his men at once began
making preparations for the second
siege which they knew would come.
On December 20 a French army of
40,000 picked soldiers under Marshals
Moncey and Mortier encamped before
the walls and at once began a vigorous
prosecution of the siege. Finally the
French were successful at all points
and the city wall for one-third its
length was captured.
But though the wall of the town was
in possession of the besiegers their
troubles were only really beginning.
Every house, every street, in the city
was a stronghold hi itself. The French
resorted to mining and literally blast
ed their way into the city. But they
were met with dauntless courage at
every turn. Pestilence long before had
broken out among the defenders, but
though they were dying by the hun
dreds every day from disease and bul
lets they never faltered. On February
18 a grand assault was made by the
besiegers. The city was on fire in a
dozen places and the dead lay un
buried in the streets. But the Span
iards were unyielding.
The hopelessness of the struggle
had now, however, become apparent
to the Spaniards and the city was sur
rendered. The garrison, reduced to
12,000 men, were accorded all the hon
ors of war. During the siege 60,000
persons perished, most of them by dis
ease. Palafox, the brave defender, in
violation of the terms of capitulatipn,
was sent as a prisoner to Vincennes in
France. Later he returned to Spain,
became prominent in its political af
fairs, was created duke of Saragossa
and died in 1847ten years ^before the
passing away of the Maid of Sara
Not long since a handsome statue
was erected to the Maid of Saragossa
In the city which her valor helped to
defend and this memorial will hand
down to future generations the story
of her courage and heroism.
v- i
5tfi.fc*S.t&f. 1VES*

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