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The Appeal. (Saint Paul, Minn. ;) 1889-19??, March 04, 1911, Image 1

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VOL. 27. NO. 9.
1It alms to publish all the news possible
8-rIt does so impartially* wasting no words
8Its correspondents are able and energetle*
kHE past decade has wit
nessed a most decided
ofeange in what might
be termed the status
of children as a class
in the higher official
circles of the nation.
Time was, and not so
many years ago, eith
er, when here were
comparatively few
children of an age that entitled them
to be classed as young people in the
households of Uncle Sam's best-paid
servants. If there were junior mem
bers of such households, they were
for the most part grandchildren or
cousins or nephews and nieces. The
result of this state of affairs was that
the juveniles, neither collectively nor
Individually, were much of a factor
in the social activities of officialdom,
and very few of the entertainments
in this sphere were planned espe
cially for the benefit of the younger
contingent of the community.
But, as has been said, the past half
score of years has seen gradual
change of conditions that has made
the juveniles and the unmarried
young men and young women an ele
ment to be reckoned with. The ex
planation of the new state of 'affairs
is to be found, of course, in the cap
ture by younger men of a large
proportion of the most exalted posi
tions in the executive, legislative and
judicial branches of the government.
No longer need a public man be a
grandfather ere he is deemed to have
arrived at the years of discretion nec
essary to warrant the nation in en
trusting its most momentous affairs
to him. Something of this same
leaning in favor of younger men has
even been manifested on the part of
many of the leading foreign govern
ments that send envoys to act as ac
credited resident representatives at
The natural sequel of this invasion,
of young blood in our governing cir
cles is that the elders have been in
dulging in forms of entertainment
less staid and solemn than those ot
some years backwhy, President
Taft himself delights to trip the light
fantastic toeand the juniors of offi-
claldom have had all sorts of parties planned
with especial reference to their well-known pro
pensities. The White House furnishes an apt
criterion as to the revolution in sentiment that
has taken place. Prior to the Roosevelt admin
istration there had been in many years only a
few periods when there were present in the ex
ecutive mansion children of age to influence the
social program. Indeed the children of the Grant
and Hayes families were about the onljj young
sters to liven up the old mansion since the days
of the Civil war.
With the arrival of Theodore Roosevelt, accom
panied by his half a dozen strenuous children,
however, time-honored traditions had a shake
up in favor of the fads of young hearts and young
heads, and this policy has been pursued during
the Taft regime, although the present chief mag
istrate has a brood only half as numerous as
that of his predecessor. A noticeable exempli
fication of the revision that has taken place in
the social calendar is found in the prominent
place that young people's dances have occupied
of late years on the winter entertainment pro
gram at the White House. And in summer the
tourist may see juvenile baseball games in prog
ress in the president's back yard, to say nothing
of the comings and goings of youthful riders on
horse or bicycle roller skating on the asphalt
about the mansion and mild "joy riding" in a
natty electric phaeton.
What has been true of the White House has
been true in an equal degree of the cabinet
homes. It is safe to say that the homes of the
members of the president's official family have
during the past ten years sheltered more young
people in their teens (or just out of them) than
in any other similar interval in the entire history
of the country. And, today there .is a liberal
representation of this junior element in the cab
inet community. Secretary of State Knox may
be said to have but recently graduated from the
class of "dependant fathers" when his youngest
son eloped with a pretty Rhode Island girl, al
though the youthful looking premier has been a
grandfather for several years past, Secretary
Nagel of the department of commerce and labor
has several children, including a very attractive
daughter, and Secretary of the Navy Meyer has
two daughters who always dress exactly alike,
after the fashion of twins. There are also yfeung
people in the family of Secretary of the Interior
In the "near cabinet" circle made up of the
^y rt&Lzjpojv jttwcjsTr
households of the members of the "little cabinet,"
as the assistant secretaries of the departments,
the assistant postmaster general, etc., are dubbed,
there are a number of young folks. Secretary
to the President Norton, who might be placed In
this category, if, indeed, he is not entitled to
rank as the equal of the cabinet members them
selves, his children of the interesting age, and
so have Assistant Postmaster General Stewart
and other of the proxies of the cabinet members.
Children have even invaded the conservative
supreme court circles in formidable numbers.
Time was when the thought of young people
in the homes of the aged and dignified members
of the nation's highest tribunal seemed almost in
congruous, but as in other spheres of govern
mental activity this is an age of younger men
on the supreme court bench, and this has created
a supreme court community with a number of
junior members. Mr. Justice Hughes, who came
so near to winning the coveted appointment of
chief justice, has perhaps the most interesting
family, consisting of three daughters and one son,
but Mr. Justice Day has several sons who yet
rank as young men, though they have left the
paternal roof, and there are grandchildren in sev
eral of the supreme court households who have
all the privileges claimed by closer kin.
Probably the most interesting family in that
section of officialdom made up of the households
of the members of the United States senate is
that of Senator La Follette, the insurgent leader.
There are two manly sons and two very beauti
ful daughters, the eldest of whom has already
demonstrated her inheritance of her father's
marked histrionic ability. Senator La Follette is
the chum and companion of his children to a de
gree that is almost ideal. Senators Smoot, Dick
and Tillman are other wearers of the toga whose
children have become fairly well known to news
paper readers through the publication of charac
teristic anecdotes, and there are a number of oth
er members of the upper house of congress who
are kept youthful by their energetic offspring.
Among the families of the members of the
house of representatives children are so numer
ous as to render it impracticable to attempt a de
tailed roster. The recent elections which turned
the control of the house over to the Democrats
will likely serve to bring a couple of children
into the limelightthe son and daughter of
Champ Clark of Missouri who is the fortunate
man who has been selected to succeed "Uncle
Joe" Cannon *s jpeaker. Speaker Cannon has
no young children of his own, but
he has had with him in his Wash
ington home much of the time the
two sweet-mannered daughters of a
married daughter, and since the vet
eran legislator makes his home in
summer with this daughter at Dan
ville, 111., he has enjoyed the com
panionship of these girls as continu
ously as he could expect to enjoy
the society of young children of his
Gen Leonard Wood, the new head
cf the United States army, furnish
es another example of a man at
taining an exalted post at an unusu
ally early age. He and Mrs. Wood
have three children**- The sons,
-*Eeonardt Jr^^nd^-esffern, -are of
about the age to enter college, but
the dainty daughter of the family,
named for her mother, Louise Con
dit-Smith Wood, is but ten years of
age. Some of the children of pub
lic men in whom the people of the
nation take the greatest interest are
the little sons of daughters of former
national officials now deceased.
Prominent in this category is Miss
Elizabeth Harrison, only child of the late ex-Presi
dent by his second marriage and the youngest liv
ing daughter of an American president. Other fa
therless young folks for whom the people at large
feel a strong regard are the children of the late
Grover Cleveland and the children of the late
United States Senator Dolliver of Iowa, perhaps
the ablest of all the leaders of the "Progressives"
in congress.
In our 'official foreign colony," made up of the
families of the men of different nationalities who
are sent by their respective governments to act
as diplomatic representatives in tne United States,
there are many children. Moreover, inasmuch as
the foreign envoys have in many instances mar
ried American wives, it naturally follows that the
children of such unions are half American. This
is true of the children of the minister of Belgium
and Countess de Buisseret and Countess Luise-Alex
andra von Bernstorff, only daughter of the German
ambassador and his Yankee consort. And, by the
way, it is of interest in this connection that the
young countess is to be married this coming spring
to one of her father's secretaries, the Count
Pourtales, who also has an American mother.
Baron Hengelmuller, the ambassador of Austria
Hungary, and present dean of the diplomatic corps
(although, if he confirms current gossip, he may
resign ere this reaches the eyes of our readers),
has a very pretty little daughter in her early teens
who has spent virtually her entire life In the
United States, her father having been stationed
here continuously for some 16 years. The minis
ter from Costa Rica and Senora Calvo head an
other family that has tarried long enough in this
republic to feel perfectly at home. Alike to most
of the Latin-American households, the Calvo fam
ily includes a number of children, and these young
people are very talented In music and have form
ed an orchestra within their family circle.
Senor de la Barra, the Mexican ambassador,
whose wife died a little over a year ago, and who
is about to marry his sister-in-law, has two hand
some boys aged 11 and 13 years, who are being ed
ucated in American schools, and the Chinese min
ister has daughters who are acquiring a Yankee
education in the seclusion of their own home by
the aid 6f an American governess.' Baron Rosen,
the Russian ambassador, has a pretty daughter, and
there is also an attractive daughter of the "bud"
age in the household of Marchese Susani Canfal'
onieri, the new ambassador of Italy.
The two virtues that help us along most in life
are trust and courage. Apart from the tragedies
invited by sin and violence and self-indulgence, a
large part of our trouble comes from anxiety, dis
trust, apprehension. It was not all frivolity that
dictated the answer of' a young girl, who, being
urged to prepare herself for a profession or a def
inite work, responded: "I'm not going to look
ahead and worry. I can do a lot of useful things:
I can mend, and make salad, and amuse children,
and be patient and economical, and help people to
enjoy themselves, and I don't believe nice girls
starve." Courage and faith are always assets.
Even if life goes back upon them and fails to come
up to expectations, the practice of these virtues is
just that much to the good, and -we have at least
not lived In the evil moment until it arrived.Har
per's Weekly- ^1
Trask Rock Marks Historic Maine
Was the Landing Place of American
Troops and Is Named for a
Drummer in the War
of 1812.
Portland, Me.Popular as a sum
mer resort, and teeming with inter
esting bits of historical notes, border
ing on Penobscot bay waters, is the
little town of Castine, Me. It was
once surrounded by water, by reason
of the trenches dug by the British
while the territory was in their hands
In 1812, but it is now part of the
The town has relics and historical
bits of interest, forts of .French, Brit
ish and American build, and an old
blockhouse, all of ^hich interest the
historian.^ One of the most interest
ing of these old sites is "Trask rock,"
once called "Hinckley's rock." It is
situated on the western shore. It was
the landing place of the Americans
at the time of the Penobscot expedi
tion, when they made an attempt to
secure possession of the island.
Trask rock is of a peculiar white
ness. It is large and shov/y, made
conspicuous "by a background of bowl
ders and a precipice. It is situated
about half-wa3r
between the point
where the blockhouse was located dur
ing the war, and the present site of
the lighthouse on Dyce's Head. This
side of the island being weakly pro
tected in 1812, the Americans were
enabled to make a successful landing.
The landing took place on the night
of July 28. The weather was damp,
and a slight swell tossed the vessels
as they moored along the coastline
just beyond the reach of the British
musketry on shore. About three
o'clock in the morning preparations
were made for a landing. In the
screen of a low-hanging fog about 400
marines and militia landed on and
near the Trask rock.
A section of the landing force was
under command of Captain Hinckley,
who, landing on the Trask rock as the
British opened fire, urged his men on
up the steep bank. He was killed in
the rush by a shot fired from a force
of the enemy on the rock which long
bore his name. As "Hinckley rock"
it was known until after years, when
a Mr. Trask, who was a drummer in
the American ranks, visited the town.
Trask Rock.
He had played martial airs all through
the fight and the name was changed
to Trask rock in commemoration of
his bravery. Trask at the time of the
war was a boy of eighteen, and long
after the war he visited the site of
the rock and the battle and told the
story. It is said that more han 100
lives were lost on the American side
in that fight out of about 400 engaged.
In the year 1828 the Dyce's Head
lighthouse was built on the north side
of the 'entrance to the harbor, being
named after the first settler in that
part of the town. It was originally
built of wood and was very shabbily
constructed. It became so much in
need of repairs and so unsafe that in
1868 it was torn down and another
one built in its place. The head was
properly named for John Jacob Dyce,
who owned it in 1775.
Great Farm Which Is Said to Have
No Equal in Size and
City of Mexico.The splendid es
tate of Don Luis Terrazas, in the
state of Chihuahua, Mexico, is prob
ably without equal. Terrazas is said
to own the greatest farm in the, world.
His estate includes 8,000,000 acres of
fertile land and extends 150 miles
east and west and 200 miles north and
south. On its mountains and through
its valleys roam over 1,000,000 cattle,
700,000 sheep -and 100,000 horses^
these being tended by an army of 2,'
000 horsemen, herdsmen and shep
herds and hunters. Each year at least
150,000 head of cattle and 100,000
sheep are slaughtered, dressed and
packed, this ranch being the only one
in the world which maintains Its own
slaughtering and packing plant.
On this gigantic estate are five res
ervoirs, which cost $500,000, and 300
wells, which cost over another $500,-
000. Don Luis Terrazas is a scienti
fic farmer, and raises every kind of
grain in his great fields. His home
stead is described as the finest farm
house in existence. It is capable of
accommodating 500 guests at a time,
and was erected at an expense of $2,-
000,000. It is a veritable country pal
ace. On the homestead alone are
employed over 100 male servants.
Defective Page
Uncle Sam Now Ready to Punish Ex
President of Nicaragua If
He's Caught.
Washington.The United States de
partment of state has a secret report
which places an entirely new light on
the execution of Leroy Cannon and
Leonard Gross, who were shot lipon
the orders of former President Jose
Santos Zelaya during the recent re
bellion in Nicaragua.
As a result of this report the de
posed President Zelaya, now at large
in Europe, if captured and brought
back to Nigaragua, .may be treated as
a murderer, and a vigorous lesson
given the warring Central American
republics relative to the rights oi
American citizens.
The general impression had been
that Gross and. Cannon were caught
-within the lines of the enemy and were
treated as spies, in accordance with the
laws of war. This sentiment was
heightened by misleading newspaper
reports and by the statement of one of
the victims, that "it is the fortune oi
On the contrary, It appears that
Gross and Cannon were captured while
asleep, that they were not spying, that
Former President Zelaya.
hey had not attempted to blow up .a
bridge with dynamite as originally re
ported, that they were shot upon the
direct order of Zelaya, that they were
given only a farcical trial, and that
they were entitled to the ordinary
treatment of combatants captured in
Of the men who constituted the
sourt-martial, one is dead and the oth
er has disappeared. Zelaya, the man
responsible, whose order resulted in
.he death of the two adventurous-Amer
icans, is a marked man and may never
return to Nicaragua, nor to any portion
Df the world where the United States
lias influence.
"Court-martial and shoot at once,"
was the first order given by Zelaya,
xnd when the court hesitated he finally
sent the order "shoot them imme
diately." This last telegram now is
said to be in the hands of the govern
ment of the United States. The story
Is a recital of one of the most outra
geous exhibitions of high-handed pow
er ever known, even in the semi-bar
barous Central American republic.
This Is not the only evidence which
the state department has against the
Jeposed Nicaraguan tyrant. It is told
of him that he exercised the absolute
power of a Nero.
The present government of Nica
ragua has promised to make amends
to the relatives of Gross and Cannon
in the payment of money to their rela
tives. But the American government
will not regard the ends of justice as
having been carried out, so long as
Zelaya is at liberty.
It Is Now Proposed to Reconstruct
the Famous Pike, Nearly 800
Miles in Length.
Baltimore, Md.The old Cumber
land road is attracting attention to it
self in the various states through
which It passes and there is a grow
ing appreciation of its historical value.
Some of the states have undertaken
more or less extensive repairs along
the ancient thoroughfare. Pennsyl
vania is resurfacing her part of Jt and
many of the counties in Ohio and In
diana are doing what they can to
mend the great highway, which in its
day was by far the most important
in this country.
It has even been suggested that the
federal government might be persuad
ed to co-operate with the states in a
scheme for the reconstruction of the
famous pike all the way from Cumber
land, Md., to its western terminus at
St. Louis. Nearly 800 miles in length
and following an almost perfectly
straight course from Atlantic tidewa
ter to the Mississippi river it would
furnish a magnificent pathway for au
If this shall be accomplished the
old road will again become a busy
thoroughfare. Taverns "will open
their hospitable doors at frequent in
tervals along its length, as in the an
cient days, and the echoes of the hills
in the passes of the Allegheny maun
tains will be awakened by the cheer
ful honking of motor hornsjust as
in former times' they responded to the
merry tooting of the coach guards'
trumpets. It would become the fash
ion for automobile parties to "do the
-pike," the long straightaway stretches
of which would afford most attractive
opportunities for speeding, while a
trip over it in a gasoline car might
well, be deemed worth taking for the
mere sake of the extraordinarily pic
turesque and beautiful scenery.
4-It Is the organ of^ALL Afro-American*.
6-It is not controlled by any ring or clique.
t-It asks no support but the people's-
HIG ER 101
Encased in the World's Largest
Corinthian Column.
Ancient Triumph of Architecture
Which for Forty Years Has
Evoked the Admiration of
Visitors to St. Louis.
St. Louis.The old water tower,
the first and original, has gone out
of service. Its usefulness as well as
need in the magnificent water system
of St. Louis is a thing of the very
recent past. In the ancient water
tower the city of St. Louis possesses
the finest and tallest Corinthian col
umn in the world.
There are not 100 persons in St.
Louis, even those who have knowl
edge of the finer and artistic ele
mentsthose that mark for grandeur
and perfection in symmetrywho
ever realized the value of the tower
as a work of utility and beauty. Few,
indeed, are aware that the western
metropolis, for a period of nearly
forty years, possessed a triumph in
architecture which has again and
again evoked the admiration of vis
itors from Europe and other parts of
our own country.
Some forty years ago, when the
waterworks system was limited and
in its incipiency, it was deemed im
perative that a means of relief for
the service pumps and the class of
engines in use be established.
About that time Joseph P. Kirk
wood, a noted eastern engineer, be
came the chief engineer of the St.
Louis waterworks. Mr. Kirkwood was
an expert in waterworks mechanism
and engineering. He went to Europe
In that period to make a study of the
best waterworks systems in the big
capitals, and came back with much
Information as to high standpipes.
It was along in 1868 that the water
board decided to erect a high stand
pipe at Grand avenue. At first it
was planned to hold the pipe in place
by means of guy ropes, but Mr.
Barnett, the architect of the depart
ment, suggested inclosing the pipe in
a column of brick. The idea was
adopted by the engineers and the
The work of building the pipe and
the Corinthian column was by con
tract. It was started in the fall of
1869 and completed in July, 1873.
when the first gallon of water was
pumped into the big standpipe. The
height of the pipe from the ground
to the top of the towerthe bottom
of the capitol, where the observation
platform isis 164 feet. The column
proper, encasing the pipe, is 155 feet
4 inches. The base of the column is
The St. Louis Water Tower.
masonry, Joliet stone, 8 feet thick
From the top of the masonry the col
umn was constructed of brick, be
ginning with a thickness of 2 feet
3 inches at the base and gradually
reducing, by successive stops, to 1
foot 1 inch at the bottom of the capi
tol, the ornate cap of the tower, where
stands the observation platform. The
diameter of the base of the column
the masonry workis 41 feet.
Between the standpipe and the col
umn on the inside is a space of 2 feet
8 inches, and in this space was built
a spiral stairway, winding around the
pipe and leading to the observation
platform on the capitol. The height
of the capitol is 19 feet 8 inches.
From this point thousands of persons
who were willing to brave the fatigue
of climbing the narrow spiral stair
way have had a fine view of the city
and the surrounding country. The to
tal cost of the old water tower was
$45,644. And the city considered it
a good investment.
When the tower was completed the
citizens of St. Louis regarded it as a
monument of civic enterprise to be
proud of, but few realized the real
merit of the structure as a splendid
example of good engineering and ar
chitectural beauty.
Train Has Race With Deer.
Paris, Tenn.For ten miles, or
more than half of the distance between
here and McKenzie, a Nashville, Chat
tanooga & St. Louis passenger tra
raced with a deer. Passengers crowd
ed to the side of the train and cheered
vhe deer, which was finally istar.ced

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