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1 ^^fS^'f. ^ft^? rt TfN IE APPEAL KEEPS VOL. 27 .NO- 10. rays of the sun that was shining from a cloud less sky. This sand was soft and yielding under foot, and made walking hard and tiresome. But on up the beach we went, and came to the old sea wall that had been built there centuries ago to keep back the waves when winds were at war with the waters. Soon the frowning walls of what once served as a Spanish prison came to view, and climbing high up over the rocky em bankment we entered the old dungeon, and as we stood therein we thought of the broken hearts and sighs and cries of agony that had, in the far distant past, ascended to heaven from within this cruel enclosurehow that hope had gone out of the human heart, and- death had come as sweet relief to the prisoner here in this dark and dismal placeand how that the gay world had gone on outside, forgetful that he had ever lived and suffered and passed away. Leaving this prison of the old time, we went further on up the beach and came to the ruined old castle, standing there on the seashore like some great, silent sentry, pointing backward and whispering to one of the days that are buried in the depths of the long ago. Here the governor of all the territory had resideda Spanish noble man in whose veins flowed the proudest blood of old Castile. In this very place he was surrounded by his numerous courtiers and bands of soldiers with clanging arms and trumpet calls and proud lords and lovely ladies met here in nights gone by, and to the strains of sweetest music danced the hours away. But now, all is as quiet and noiseless as the stillness of deathonly the soft breezes that pass gently through the foliage of the royal palms and the evergreen trees, and the faint murmur of the distant waves of the sea dis turb the deep and solemn silence. The great stones that form the castle walls, towering many feet high, with their barren win dows and frowning portholes commanding a view of the blue and restless waters as far as the eye can see, are the only tokens that man once re sided herefor the ruler and his courtiers and his bands of soldiersproud lords and lovely ladies of that far-off time, have all, all gone, and not one left to tell of their greatness and grand eurtheir very' names being blotted from the memory of man. Only a short distance from the ruins of this silent old castle stands the wreck of the once beautiful cathedral, roofless and barren. Its walls are of gray sandstone firmly cemented together. In this ancient cathedral, that was built nearly 400 years ago by hands that have long since been idle, may yet be seen the baptismal font where, in ages past, innocence was christened into re ligious life. The chancel, where once stood the priest and ministered spiiitmal comfort to his flock, may yet be seen. All its former gaudy trappings, and the beautiful mural paintings have disappeared, and in the alcove above, where was once the statue of the Crucified One, only the barren stones of the temple look down upon you in mute blank ness and eternal silence. Everything in and about this wrecked old cathedral speaks of de parted splendor. Yet it is still held in reverence, for to this good day the simple, childlike natives of this land of eternal summer bring their dead here, and within the enclosure of these old walls they com- & -1*^ **^"--j^^ "'^V ''"rWfi'^yi^*.^ ***c V'. lIt aim3 to publish all the news possible. 2It does so impartially, wasting no words. 3Its correspondents are able and energetic mit their bodies to the earth and garland their graves with the flowers of the tropics. The bleak old walls throw their shadows across many of the last resting places of these natives who have laid life's burdens down and crossed over to the other side. It was with a feeling of sadness and reluc tance we left this place, so redolent of memories of a bygone timebut there were other things to seeso, with a sigh of regret, we passed out, and forever, from the portals of this once glori ous cathedral and went forth into the tropical jungle. Here are to be seen the remains of the foundations of the residences and business houses of the people who once inhabited Old Panama. The friendly vegetation seems to be endeavor ing to cover over and blot from the memory of the world these remaining evidences of the cruel and heartless deeds of the men of a distant age, who brought wreck and ruin to this erstwhile magnificent city. And how came it about that this city was de stroyed? Long, long ago, Sir Henry Morgan, an Englishmanthe most noted buccaneer of all timegathered together all the pirates that in fested the Caribbean sea, to the number of 2,000 and sallied forth in quest of gain. First he at tacked Old Providence, an island that juts abruptly out of the waters of the seaand the place where many of the terrible West Indian hurricanes are bornand after much hard fight ing conquered the people and took what they had. Thence he and his thieving band went to Porto Bello and robbed that city and then, after they had squandered their ill-gotten gains in riot ous living they went forth once more with the* conquest of Old Panama in view. At the time There are lots of instances where beauty is Invariably beaten to the job when freckles may defy the massage parlor grade of complexion. How about the commercial demand for the un decorative? It is even very great, the agents say. The stenographer of one of the busiest man agers of a large manufacturing concern in Chi cago supplies at least a partial answer to these queries. She is sallow and sandy, freckled and spectacled. Each eye is watery and shows a ten dency to peer in through the windows of the other's soul. She's got a streaky neck and a stringy figure. She has bony knuckles. She goes in where she should go out and out where she should go in. Her employer regards her as the apple of his eye. You couldn't loosen his hold of her with a clasp knife. For a long time his attitude was a mystery to his friends, who were all enabled to become humorists through the inspiration of his stenographer. Then he proceeded to explain: "You see," he said, "I am in business for busi ness, and I hire my stenographer for exactly the same reasons as I hire my foremanbecause I figure them both out to be thoroughly efllcient. When I was younger I hired many pretty girls because I like to have 'em around. But listen to ttfisI've never found a pretty girl who was really efficient in a business office. They think a f^ 1 f'rVT SX'diMlM.^iA^.h&^s^i .**%&... ^BStfia Homely Face Her Fortune HE APPEAL. ST. PAUL MD MINNEAPOLIS. MINN..'SATUEDAT. MABfiH ,& 1911. it was a populous place, and said to have been the richest city in all the worldthese riches having come from the gold fields of Peru and been stored there by the Spaniards. And so it came to pass that Morgan and his band of bold buccaneers fought a great battle with the Spaniards who inhabited Old Panama and the surrounding country, and won the vic torythough at a fearful cost. Hundreds of his men were slain, while it is recorded that 6,000 Spaniards perished on the field. After this vic tory Morgan and his men took possession of the city, robbed the people of all they could find, and then set fire to the houses. It is said that the conflagration lasted an entire week. Not a house was left standingonly the blackened walls of the once splendid castle and the wreck of the old cathedral remain to tell the story of the frightful havoc that was wrought by these murderous pi rates of that distant day. The old city was never rebuiltthe former inhabitants who escaped the sword of the inva ders moved eight miles further down the coast and located on the spot where the populous Pa nama City of today is standing. In the quiet hush of the late afternoon we left the place where once stood the rich and prosper ous Old City, and as we returned to its succes sor, the New City of Panama, we looked back and could still see in the distance the grim old castle lifting its gray turrets skyward high above the surrounding country andwell, it stands there today as it has stood through the centuries gone, silently testifying to the barbarous and in human conduct of the boldest and most daring buccaneer of all the ages. good* deal upon the subject of themselves and only a little bit on the work. "Every visitor who comes into the office, too, is continually rubbering and gives that stenog rapher a better idea of herself than ever. She's always pulling down her shirt waist or fooling about her hair or rubbing chamois skin on her nose or taking a look at herself in her little hand m'irror. She counts" a good deal upon her good looks to hold her joband very often she counts right. "You'll take bad punctuation from a pretty girl when you would never stand it from a plain one." "And not only that," he went on, "she not only wastes her own time but that of everybody else in the office. The boys are always peeking over the glass windows at her. "No," concluded this man, shaking his head, "from a business point of view your pretty girl is a failure. She's a bad speller, a time waster and a disorganizer. Now, your homely girl," he went on, "is right down on to her job. She knows that if she doesn't nurse that nothing will save her. She can't think of her face, because that's fierce. She can't think of her shape, be cause she hasn't got any. She does think of her spelling, because that's her only hope. So usually your homely girl is a pretty good stenographer." Defective Page fF OUR COASTAL GIT Greedy Atlantic Said to Be Slow ly Engulfing Them. Government Geologist Declares That in Time Coast Cities From Bos' ton to New.Orleans Wil! Be Under Water. Boston.The time will come when that coast line of the United States which boasts such cities as New York, Boston, Baltimore, "Washington and Galveston will be 300 miles out to sea and those cities will have been sub merged. The whole Atlantic coast is slowly sinking into the ocean. So rap id is the sinking that evidences of it and measurements of it within the last decade are now to be had. That the rate of the sinking is being accel erated, and that it may be much fast er in the future than it has been in the past is the claim made by C. A. Davis, government geologist, who has of late been piling up masses Of evi dence in this connection. He holds that there is no need on the part of the residents of the coast cities to scramble to the housetops today or tomorrow. But, as sure as the geologic tendencies which have gone on unchanged for hundreds of thousands of years and are now at work continue, the people of the na tion's great eastern cities will be grad ually pulled beneath the water level. Geologists have long recognized the fact that the Atlantic coast line was once much farther out than it is now. There is a line from 100 to 300 miles off the present coast at which the wa ter suddenly gets much deeper. Out. to that distance the water is generally some 300 feet deep. Then it plunges suddenly and becomes ten times as far to the ocean bottom. The men of the coast survey have traced this line throughout the length of our coast line and find it similar all along. The ge ologists say that the continent once reached out this far and that here was the coast line. But a gradual de cline through the ages has caused that line to retreat until now it is where we know it. From a geological standpoint this has happened in comparatively recent times. It has all been done since the Atlantic Coast Line. glacial period. This brings it into the present period and makes the action new. In fact, it is positively known to be now going on. At Rye Beach, N. H., there is a shelv ing beach which proves positively that there has been a much greater decline in what would appear to be a compara tively short time. When the tide runs unusually low at Rye Beach there ap pears from the bottom of the sea what looks like a great forest which ha a been cut over with but the stumps of the old trees remaining. One^ who makes so bold as to follow the re treating waves finds that this is, in fact, a forest of old tree stumps still remaining intact on the floor o! the ocean. It has been found from Maine to Florida that at a level of from ten to twenty feet down there was originally the bed of a forest. Stumps of great trees still in a reasonable state of preservation are found at these depths. The original mouth of the Hudson river is now 200 miles out to sea. The ships follow its old channel in leav ing port even now. Geologically it is proven that New York cannot endure. In the ages that are to come there will be an aquatic Pompeii out from the coast and the port of New York will be somewhere, up toward West Point. Likewise will Boston be submerged. Baltimore will disappear about the same time, and great portions of Washington, the nation's capital will have kept pace with them. The great Mississippi is bringing down deposits to to raise its delta and counterbalance the decline. But man is fencing off these waters and pre venting the overflow of the lands sur rounding, and the river will gradually become a dyked stream above the nousetops of the people on the farms and In cities. So low i* New Orleans that it will be one of the first of the cities to sink below the sea level and be a municipality high walled against the enemy, the sea. Galveston has al ready feH the encroachment of the wa ters and been forced to build itself a sea wall, and the decline of the land level may have played no small pari in the devastation of the waters dur iqe the Galveston flood Petersburg Monument. The state set aside the sum of $5,006 for the work. About $500, of this was needed for the expenses of the com mission, and the contract for the mon ument itself amounts ,to $4,500. The material used is white granite from Barre, Vt., which is considered the most durable store for such pur poses The total height of the monu ment is 21 feet 3 inches and the base is 11- feet 11 inches by 7 feet 2 inches. The distance from tip to tip of the spread wings of the eagle is 4 feet 4 inches. At the top of the shaft on the front of the monument is the seal of the commonwealth of Massachus etts over a draped bronze tablet, on which will be inscribed the names of the Massachusetts organizations which took part in the battle as a part of the Army of the Potomac. Just beneath with incised letters will be the word "Massachusetts." On the rear of the tablet, in a posi tion corresponding to the names of the Massachusetts organizations, will be a quotation from one of Lincoln's speeches, although just what it will be has not been decided yet. The monu ment is to be surrounded with a grano lithic walk five feet wide. On the globe at the feet of the eagle is a spray of laurel, and at the base of the shaft is a scroll of laurel. RICHEST BABY IN THE WORLD Two-Year-Old Walsh-McLean Grand son Is Heir to Two Fabulous Fortunes. Washington.This is Vinson Walsh McLean, said to be the richest baby in the world. This picture of him was made only a short while ago. Young Vinson is a grandson of the late Thomas F. Walsh, the millionaire mining man of Colorado, and is also a grandson of John R. McLean, the millionaire newspaper owner of Cin cinnati and Washington. Mr. Walsh Vinson Waish-McLean. had two children. His son, Vinson, was killed in an automobile accident at Newport. This left his daughter sole heir to his great fortune. Miss Walsh ran away one day with Edward McLean, son and heir of John R. Mc Lean. Baby Walsh is now about two years old and is a healthy andvigor ous baby. On his first birthday anniversary, among other trifles, baby McLean re ceived a specially-built automobile, a private boulevard on which to operate it, and a tiny chauffeur to run it. When baby Vinson and his pals (for it is a four-passenger affair), go for a joy ride through the gardens around the Walsh home in Massachusetts avenue, the detective assigned to day duty in guarding the young heir, takes short cuts to keep the outfit in sight and prevent its being kidnaped. Ned McLean, Vinson's father, has hirgd two detectives to keep constant watch on Vinson for the next ten years. One sits by his cradle all night, and the other keeps an eye or him all day. i^p HE APPEALSTEADILY GAINS I W BECAUSE: A MONUMENT AT PETERSBURG Beautiful Shaft Which Is Soon to Be Dedicated in Honor of Massa chusetts Soldiers. Springfield, Mass.The design of the Massachusetts monument for the soldiers of the Potomac who died be fore Petersburg, Va., is simple, yet far more effective than the earlier de sign which was tentatively accepted by the Petersburg monument commis sion. In the main the memorial is simply a tall, graceful shaft with an eagle' resting on a globe placed on top. The design is dignified and will compare favorably with other monu ments of the same approximate cost. I 4-It is the organ of ALL Afro-Americans. jf 5-It is not controlled by any ring or clique. 6-It asks no support but the people's. SsiasisrarajMaim'siaisiBiai^ MINNESOTA! HISTORIC SOCIETY. IcfllSISJSJSfSJBfB $2.40 PES lEABi TOWER T0_BE SAVED Huge Eiffel Structure Converted into Wireless Station. From its Top Messages Are Sent 5,000 MilesSoon to Be in Touch With the United States. Paris.From the summit of the Eif fel tower, 984 feet in the air, scien tists communicate with ships nearly 5,000 miles out at sea. It is radio-tel egraphy which makes it possible to transmit to all vessels within that dis tance a given time, say the hour of noon, mathematically exact within the tenth of a second, the speed of the Hertzian waves being almost equal to that of light. Put in possession of the chronomet ric time, the sailor determines the ex act spot where the ship is at that moment. He calculates the longitude and the latitude with absolute correct ness. The importance of this exacti tude lies in the fact that it allows of the correction of serious errors. The best marine chronometers in use are subject, after a few weeks or months of navigation, to variations of two or three seconds or more, and each error of a second in time corresponds to the exact position of the ship. A metre is slightly more than a yard. The method now used at the Eiffel tower was first experimented with last June. An increase in the power of electric batteries and improvements in other instruments enabled radio telegraphic signals to be sent and re ceived. Certain wireless telegraph stations In the United States, which have water power at their disposal and are thus able to produce larger quantities of electric energy, had already sent elec tric waves as far as Europe, where they were registered by sensitive ap paratus. In transmitting the hour to ships at sea the co-operation of the Paris ob servatory is, of course, required. In the silent observatory are the two principal clocks regulated to the hun dredth of a second, which were order ed by Baillard, the director of the ob servatory, from Leroy, the chronome ter maker of the French navy. These two clocks twice every dayat 11 The Eiffel Tower. o'clock in the morning and at midnight will signal the time to the four points of the compass by means of an electrical apparatus on the summit of the Eiffel tower. Exactly at 10:59 o'clock in the morn ing and at 11:59 at night the astrono mer on duty, with one eye on the tel escope, watches the hand of the clock and sends th fir,st electric signals to the wireless telegraph station near the tower. From there, immediately trans mitted by radio-telegraphy, they travel immense distances, warning naviga tors and other wireless stations. Then, exactly at the hour, and twice again at intervals of two minutes, the clockwork automatically establishes a contact, by means of which an elec tric manipulator in the Eiffel tower sets up a discharge of Hertzian waves. These waves, spreading through space, reach the limits of the immense cir cle of which the tower is the center, influencing all the receivers 4n this area and conveying to all, as it were, the beat of a heart which is felt in the pulsations of the remotest arteries. In the wireless telegraphy station, 100 yards away in the Champs-de Mars, the military authorities hold sway. The station keeps Paris in touch with the frontier, and even with remote posts in Afrfca. It was the great services rendered by wireless telegraphy during the French expedi tion to Morocco which led to the pro vision of modern quarters to the wire less telegraph corps in Paris. These quarters are underground and it is there that the engineer officers and sergeants carry on. their experi ments daily. On one door may be read the impressive words "Danger to life." The door leads to the first bat tery, which has been in operation sev eral years and gives upwards of 50,- 000 volts and a range of 2,500 kilome tres. And so the permanency of the Eiffel tower is assured. Several times moves have threatened to rid the city of a monument which many regard as un asthetic and cumbrous. As to wheth. er the tower really is inartistic or not opinions differ. But if it is considera tions of utility will override considera tions of art 4!