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The Appeal. (Saint Paul, Minn. ;) 1889-19??, September 21, 1912, Image 1

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VOL. 28. NO. 88.
$?*?'*-**#*- y~*p# i vnpr&?*& 1I0S***'$~'#&
1It alms to publish all the news possible
2It does so impartially, wasting no words
8Its correspondents are able and energetic*
last few months government stores, called "ex-
changes," have been started at various points, and are
kept supplied with everything likely to be required by
the nativesthe prices for goods being those current
in Manila, plus 20 per cent and cost of transportation
The stores not only sell, but also buy They purchase
baskets, wood-carvings, native weapons, and articles
of savage dress such as can be sold :n Manila as curios,
paying liberally for them in cash
One of the seven sub provinces composing the Moun
tain Province is Benguet, the capital of which, Baguio
a mile above sea level, and 175 miles due north of
Manilais the terminus of one of the most wonderful
roads in the world, built by the natives with the help
of American enginering skill Extending all the way
from Baguio to the sea, it is carved to a large ex
tent out of solid rock, skirting the sides of steep
mountains and crossing deep canyons in many
places by suspension bridges. For most of its
length it is wide enough for narrow-tread carts,
and at intervals of eighteen miles comfortable
five-room rest houses have been erected for the
benefit of travelers Running at an elevation of
5,000 to 7,000 fet, it passes through tropical scen
ery of unsurpassed beauty, commands magnificent
views, and should in the near future become a
route much patronized by tourists.
The last of the Benguet Igorots to come under
the jurisdiction and control of the United States
government were the people of Atoc, who occupied
a remarkable natural strongholda bold peak
6,500 feet high, which juts out from the surround
ing mountains, its piecipitous sides defying attack
In this rocky fortress dwelt the tribe, small in
numbers, but warlike, working the rice paddles
the valleys below by day and seeking refuge in
their eyrie at night. They preferred indepen
dence to submission. Nevertheless, being eventu
ally overcome by force of arms, they are now en
tirely docile. Generally speaking, the Igorots are
peaceably inclined. They are notably contented
and cheerful, and the women have a voice in their
councils, often exercising a controlling influence
Strongest in numbers of all the savage peoples
and among the most inveterate head hunters were
the Ifugaos. There are about 125,000 of them
Bitterly hostile to begin with, they have become
warm friends and admirers of the Americans, and
their services, voluntarily given, have been uti
lized on an extensive scale in the building of roads
and trails By their own suggestion, they sub
mit to a labor tax which demands ten days' work
per annum from each able-bodied man. Several
companies #of Ifugao constabulary have been or
ganize d, and do admirable service, keeping order
among the tribesmen
Equally fierce and as yet untamed to any great
extent are the Kalingas They were inveterate
head hunters until recently, but have almost giv
en up the practice Some of them are beginning
to cut their hair and dress like Christians, and
quite a number of the children are learning to
read and write One small group of their settle
ments adopted an attitude of defiance toward the
Americans, and two years ago Walter F. Hale,
lieutenant-governor of that province, paid the
rebels a visit. When they threw spears at him
he picked them up and handed them back with an
intimation that such actions were discourteous.
He told them that he wanted to be friends with
them. But they replied that they did not desire
to be friends, and that they intended to take his
head at the first convenient opportunity.
Such was the situation of affairs up to a short
time ago, when four settlements "broke the peace"
and went on the warpath. Lieut.-Gov. Hale, with
a strong detachment of Ifugao constabulary and
assisted by a force of friendly Kalingas, thereupon
organized a punitive expedition, attacked the rebel
-villages, and wiped them out, burning the houses
and killing the pigs/
I TAMIN tie*
The situation in Apayao is especially difficult
because head-hunting among the tribesmen of
that sub-province is intimately connected with their
religious faith. Nevertheless, the practice is be
ing gradually stamped out and, with the help of
the Igorot and Ifugao constabulary, a number of
murderers have been arrested and punished
There is still a considerable area over which gov
ernment control has not yet been established, and
which has not even been* opened up by trails to
any great extent, owing to the inaccessible char
acter of the region One should realize, of course,
that head-hunting among these people is not re
garded as murder in the ordinary sense of the
word It is a field sport and a manly occupation,
established by the custom of centuries as be
fitting of warrior
Most troublesome and untrustworthy of all the
tribes of northern Luzon are the Hongots, of the
sub-province of Nueva Viscaya. There are not
more than 5,000 or 6,000 of them, but they inhabit
a vast region, most of it very mountainous and
almost wholly covered by virgin forest. Often
their settlements are merely temporary, and
they are hard to get at. Enormous distances sepa
rate their villages, which in the more remote
regions continue to fight among themselves. These
were the people who not long ago murdered Dr.
William Jones while he was engaged in making
ethnological notes among them. Nevertheless,
trails are being pushed into the heart of their
country two or three government "exchanges"
have been established industrial schools are being
started for their benefit, and efforts are being
made to induce them to extend their agricultural
operationspartly for the sake of rendering their
communities more stationary.
One should realize that the continual warfare
that has been going on for centuries among the
tribes in the wild man's territory of Northern
Luzon has been due mainly to lack of acquain
tance ampng the people Every stranger being
regarded as an enemy, it was a matter of* course
that each village should be at war with the neigh
boring villages, and head-hunting was an import
'ant part of the regular business of every able
bodied male citizen. The tilling of the rice pad
dies and sweet potato fields could be carried on
with safety only under armed guardheads of
women and children being not less desirable as
trophies than those of men. For doing away with
this situation of affairs, the most effective means
has been the building of roads and trails by which
the tribes have been brought into communication
with each other, thus having an opportunity to
become friends. Ifugaos, Kalingas and Bontoc
Igorots now* work side by side with pick and
shovel, instead of hunting each other with head
It is, In fact, a veritable social revolution that
is being accomplished. All of the Mountain Prov
ince is being literally gridironed with trails and
roads, the most inaccessible districts being open-
ed up A through routejfor horseback
travel has been nearljpj completed all
the way from Southern^enguet to the
extreme northern end of Luzon Tele
graph and telephone lines are being
extended over hundred^of miles of ter
ritory, and the watch lowers on lofty
peaks, hitherto occupiejiby native sen
tinels on the alert for miding bands of
head-hunting foes, are oeserted
At Bontoc (capital the sub-prov
ince of the same name), wonderful
improvements are D$|| made Here
where half a dozen yeR ago no white
man could have venUiled without an
armed escort, the men] and boys are
being taught brick-miking and lime
burning. A deposit Sf magnificent
clay for the purpose $jas found near
the river, with unlimitRl quantities of
sharp sand suitable forf building near
by also limestone. T$jiay the people
of the entire village ofiMinac, in that
neighborhood, are burning lime and
furnishing it to the government of
Bontoc Province Thb[ are becoming
independently rich at the business
These facilities, with unlimited la
bor obtainable for nothing under the
system of the ten-day %x, make build
ing work exceedingly qheap A large
brick school house anjl a brick club
house, as well as a building for the
offices of the provincial government,
of stone and brick, ha*ye been put up
at Bontoc also a prislm for wild folk
who misbehave themselves, and a
small, but thoroughly up-to-date, hos
pital. A canal has been constructed
incidentally to furnish the town of
^aritfc anahjiwIaBt. supply of
pure mountain water.
It is expected that the hospital will
be of inestimable usefulness. Most of
the wild people seem heartily willing
to give up their ancient custom of
curing physical ailments by human
and animal sacrifices, and come to the
doctor showing a touching confidence
in the ability of the white man to give
them help Packages of simple reme
dies, with small pamphlet of directions
in English and the more important na
tive dialects, are distributed among
the villages likewise large quantities
of quinine and other safe and useful
A recently discovered drug has been
found to be a specific for the very un
pleasant tropical disease called
"yaws." It happened that a Bontoc
Igorot, afflicted with it, was unwilling
to go to the hospital, but was compelled to do so,
receiving the one injection requisite. Then he
began to complain bitterly that no medicine was
being put on his sores. But the effect of the
drug soon manifested itself, and he went about
town excitedly demonstrating his improved con
dition to all who would look. Some days later he
disappeared, and the doctor was much disap
pointed, because he wanted him for an object
lesson to convince others of the efficiency of the
treatment. To the great surprise of the hospital
staff, he turned up again soon afterward with thir
teen other sufferers from "yaws," whom he had
brought a distance of fifty miles from his native
village, in order that they also might be cured
In Benguet the wild people are building school
houses and sending their children to them. The
boys are taught to construct looms, and the girls
to use them for making cloth. Each girl, on com
pleting her course of education, takes her loom
and returns to her own village, thus extending her
newly-acquired knowledge of weaving to her fam
ily, and friends. At Bua is an Igorot girls' school
in which the pupils not only make cloth, but
manufacture articles of clothing for sale. Baguio,
the capital of Benguet, is growing by rapid strides,
and new and substantial buildings^ are" springing
up on every side.
Useful plants and particularly^vegetables, includ
ing the Irish potato, are being placed in the hands
of the wild people. Their agricultural methods at
present entail great labor with limited results
They patiently clear a forest tract with bolos,
turn over the soil with primitive implements, and
sow seed Then, after a short time, the growth
of weeds drives them to fresh areas, where the
performance has to be repeated. What the Ameri
cans propose to do is to provide them with mod
ern tools of husbandry, and with carabaos when
ever possible.
A point by no means to be lost sight of is the
fact that these wild people of Luzon* are not sav
ages of an ordinary type. Not only is their physi
cal development superb, probably surpassing that
of any other race of human beings in the world
but they are highly intelligent and even clever
Given the advantage of two or three ^generations
of such educational oportunities as are now being
afforded them by the Americans, and they will
far exceed in intellectual qualifications the Filli
pinos of Manila and other coast towns. Indeed,
it does not seem at all unlikely-that in the future
they, rather than the Filipinos, will become the
dominant race in Luzon, controlling the affairs
of the island and even those of the whole archi
.pelago, in case we should voluntarily surrender
sovereignty. In the meantime, while trying to
uplift them in the scale of civilization, the gov
ernment of the United States is making every ef
fort to protect them against civilization's evil in
fluencesespecially the drink and diseases which
have undermined the moral and physique of sv
many primitive peoples on coming into contact
with the corrupting Caucasian.
Defective Page
Real Men to Be Found in Coeur
d'Alene Reservation
How Captain of Fire Fighters, by
Coolness and Bravery, Prevented
Loss of Thirty-five of His Crew
in Northern Woods.
Boise, Idaho.Professor Welling,
tanned and toughened by his sum
mer's work in the Coeur d'Alene na
tional forest reservation, held his
eastern visitors spellbound with
stories of the fight he had helped to
make against the fearful forest fires,
says the Youth's Companion. He had
gone out, with two others, under gov
ernment commission, to study the for
est and, coming back in August, they
had met the fires and spent almost a
month In fighting their way out of
"There are real men among these
forest rangers," he went on. "In
fact, there is no place for anything
that is not genuine up there. The
most thrilling story of heroism that
I have heard in a long time is the
story of Ranger Pulaski. It did not
happen in the part of the reservation
where I was, but I can vouch for its
truth, for I have talked with some
of the men who were with him.
"Pulaski had forty men under him
and they had been fighting a big fire
for hours. Suddenly the wind rose
until it blew a gale. The fire got
beyond them, and it became a ques
tion of saving the lives of the men.
They were many miles from a rail
road or a clearing^
"Pulaski remembered that about a
mile from where they were working
was an abandoned mine shaft that
ran back about forty feet into the
hillside. He ordered the men to
snatch their blankets from the camp
and run for this shaft. Once there
they packed themselves like sardines
into the hole. Pulaski placed him
self at the opening and stretched a
blanket across it.
"In a few minutes the fire overtook
them. The blanket at the opening
caught and Pulaski jerked it away.
Again and again this was done, and
when the supply of blankets ran low
he held the burning fragments across
the mouth of the shaft with his bare
"The suffering of the men from the
heat and smoke was pitiful. They
were-fairly maddened by it, and some
of them made a wild attempt to push
their way out of the shaft. For a
while Pulaski held them back by
sheer physical strength, for he was
an unusually strong man. But he
knew that he must soon be overpow-
Sample of Protected Forests.
ered, and that the men, in their
frenzy, would rush out to certain
death. He drew his revolver and
told them that he would kill the first
man to attempted to break away. The
men knew that he meant it, too, and
that knowledge brought them back to
"It wasn't more than twenty min
utes before the worst of the fire had
passed the shaft. When it was safe
to crawl out they found that five of
the men were dead from suffocation,
but the other thirty-five were all
right. Pulaski himself was blinded
and burned, but his sight was partly
restored. He lost five men, to be
sure, but with less courage and pres
ence of mind he would have lost
them all. I take off my hat to such
a man. He is a real hero."
Nevada Miner Tramps Forty Miles
That His Pets May Not Suffer
Act May Bring Freedom.
San Francisco, Cal.When James
Watklns, a miner, was placed in jail
at Searchlight, Nev., recently, charged
with having stolen a pair of lace cur
tains, he asked the jailer to see that
his pet cats were fed. The jailer
laughed at him, but when night fell
Watklns broke jail and tramped forty
miles across the desert to attend to
bis pets. The sheriff followed him
next day in a motor car and found
Watklns pouring milk for the cats at
his cabin.
The charge against Watklns prob
ably will be dismissed, his accuser
having .been impressed by the miner's
affection for his pets.
Sheltered at the Edge of the Desert.
worst of all deserts in central Asia.
Neither birds nor even insects are
to be found there.
The desert is a sea of sand, where
there is only the wind to hear and
the moon to see. The party constant
ly met sand mountains over 12,000
feet high, and the men began to
grumble, fearing that they would be
buried by the constant sandstorms.
On arriving at Gonia, on the right
bank of the River Tarim, he caused
considerable fright among the shep
herds, as his was the first party from
the south for thirty years. At first
the shepherds fled, but were brought
back. The feat of crossing the desert
caused greatest reverence by the
At this point he left the camel cara
van to follow on slowly, while he pro
ceeded on horseback to Kuchar,
which place he reached after three
days. This is a large town, though
not to be compared with civilized
cities. "Nevertheless," said Mr.
Tachibana, "I felt on entering it as
though I had suddenly been put down
in Piccadilly."
Some time was spent in the neigh
borhood of Kashgar investigating the
buried cities, and afterward the ex
plorer proceeded through the valley
to the east of Tzunling to Khotan,
the districts previously explored by
Dr. Stein (now Sir Marc Aurel Stein).
Thence the party proceeded to Tibet
for the purpose of geological ingesti
Several districts were visited by
Mr. Tachibana which had been omit
ted by Dr. Sven Hedin. These regions
are absolutely blank on the maps,
and have never been visited before.
As soon as the records of the jour
ney have been collated the Hong
wanji temple will issue a report on
Mr. Tachibana's exploration, which
will without doubt be eagerly antici
pated In scientific circles' in Europe
and America as well as in Asia.
Explains That He Received a Divine
Summons to Preach to Benighted
ChineseIs Shipped Back.
San Francisco Cal.Harold Tates,
a frightened youth, who had seen a
vision and started for the Orient to
preach to the Chinese, was brought
back to San Francisco on the steamer
Nile, which reached here recently.
Yates' "call," by which he was sum
moned to spread the message of the
gospel among the heathen, led him to
stow away on the steamer Manchuria,
which left here Friday.
Captain Friele of the Manchuria lis
tened to the young man's* account of
his vision, after he had emerged from
his hiding place, but decided that it
did not entitle Tates to free passage
and the stowaway was transferred to
the Nile when that vessel was met in
Tates, who was employed as a bell
boy at a local hotel, was awakened
with difficulty last Friday morning by
another bellboy. He explained that
he had been listening to a divine sum
mons to the missionary field and hur
riedly packed a few belongings and
boarded the Manchuria, where he bid
in the hold.
Huge Telescope Dedicated.
Pittsburg, Pa.A new 30-inch photo*
graphic refractor telescope, valued at
1150,000, said to be the third largest
instrument of its kind in the world,
was dedicated at the Allegheny obser
vatory, Riverview park, in the pres
ence of a distinguished party of scien
tists and visitors.
5 -I is not controlled by any ring or dim*.
6-It asks no support bat the people'ifr
Hongwanji Temple at Kyoto, Japan,
Crosses Takla-Makan Sand
in Thirty Years.
Tokio, Japan.Rev Zuicho Tach
Ibana, a priest of the great West
Hongwanji temple of Kyoto, rep
turned to that place recently aftk
er five years spent in explora
tion in the virgin parts of cential
Asia, writes a correspondent. His
journey was undertaken for purposes
of research under the instruction of
Count Otani, the lord abbot of the
Hongwanji temple and an enthusi
astic geographer. Mr. Tachibana is
a young man of twenty-two years of
age and of such delicate physique that
the natives said he must be a woman
disguised as a man.
Mr. Tachibana proceeded from Lon
don to Omsk and thence by stage
coach in Semipalatinsk, thence to
Turban in Sinkiang ("the new terri-
tory") passable roads were found.
During his explorations Mr. Tachi
bana traveled across the Takla-Makan
desert, which he describes as the
$2.40 PEK YEA ft.
Huge Mass of iron Knocked Hole!
in Earth in Arizona
Such 8 Belief of Prof. Elihu Thomson
Movement Started to Find Im
mense Piece of Ore Believed
to Bo Worth Millions.
Phoenix, Ariz.About the origin of
most of the craters of the earth's sur
face there is little dispute. They are
of all sizes. We5
find them in the
Sandwich Islands, with floors from
three to four square miles hi area.
These have reminded Professor Pick
ering of nothing less than the ring
craters on the moon. In Arizona,
near Canon Diablo, is a crater-like de
pression 4,000 feet in diameter and
500 feet deep. The rim can be seen
from a great distance, and, such rims
being called "buttes," this particular
rim is known as Coon butte. The ir
regular contour of the rim is marked
by broken rocks, some as large as ai
house. The outer slopes down to the
plain are covered with similar masses,
pieces of many tons weight having
been thrown thousands of feet away
from the crater. But there is no
lava about the butte, and this would
seem summarily to dispose of the idea
that Coon butte is the site of a vol
Dr. Gilbert many years ago
suggested that the ring-shaped pits on
the moon's surface were caused by
the impact of giant meteorites, and
for some time he held the view that
Coon butte must have been formed
in a similar manner. This view has
of late been revived. Prof. Elihu
Thomson, in a letter to the American
Institute of Electrical Engineers, re
minds us that the masses of iron flung
down the outer slopes of the crater
arai sent to all parts of the world as
meteoric iron. Mr. Barringe has
spent considerable sums in explora
tion under the firm conviction that he
will find a large amount of meteoric
iron below the surface. So far he has
been unsuccessful. It is calculated
that 600 bore-holes, each costing
about 400, will be necessary to make
sure of finding the meteoric mass, as
suming it to have been 500 feet in
The mass of the meteorite is esti
mated to have been at least five mil
lion tons. Of this the greater part
would be iron, but 8 per cent, would
be nickel, and there would be three
million ounces of platino-lridium,
worth about twenty million sterling
supposing the price to remain as at
present, between 7 and 8 per
Arizona's Natural Beauty.
ounce. But this is not all. Assuming
there is one-hundredth of 1 per cent,
of diamond in the mass, one might
count on the extraction of about 500
tons of diamond. Which may account
for prospectors regarding the expendi
turn of a quarter of a million on bore
holes with some equanimity. Profes
sor Thomson tells us that the Navajo
Indians have a tradition that three
large bodies fell from the sky on the
site of the crater and killed a large
number of their tribe. They still re
pair to the crater for supplies of the
white silica sand which they sprinkle
around them at their ghost dances.
U. 8. Fuel Vessel Jupiter Is First
Electrically Driven Seagoing
Vallejo, CalThe JJnited States
fuel ship Jupiter, the first electrically
driven sea-going vessel ever built and
the largest ship of any description
ever laid down on the Pacific Coast,
was launched at the Mare Island Navy
Tard. The Jupiter will make about
14 knots an hour. She is 572 feet
long by 65 feet beam, draws 27 feet 6
inches, displaces 19,360 tons, and has
carrying capacity of 12,500 tons of
coal and 375,000 gallons of fuel oil. The
keel was laid in October 16 last, and
the hull has been built in record
time, at a saving of nearly $100,000
over the appropriation of $1,200,000
allowed by Congress.
Power is supplied by a 14,000-horse
power electric generator. Coal can
be loaded from the Jupiter into a war
ship at the rate of 106 tons an hour,
and duplex pumps wil permit her to
take in or pump out oil to another
vesesl at the rate of 120,000 gallons ao

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