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The Appeal. (Saint Paul, Minn. ;) 1889-19??, September 28, 1912, Image 1

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VOL. 28. NO. 39.
IKKO nestles at the foot
of the Nikko-zan range
of mountains in one of
the grandest valleys of
picturesque Japan two
thousand! feet above the
-S'hejMeity of temples is
especially fortunate in
its environments. If the
mountains are the no-
(o unite the two The ablest and
most powerful follower of Buddha
N\as no doubt, the great warrior, Iye
yasu who was deified by the emperor
as the 'great incarnation of Buddha,
the light of the east Upon his death
this tuted man was buried at Kuno
'/.in in the southern country, and
noble shrines were built to immortal
ize his memory But in time it was
felt that sufficient honor had not been
done the mighty man, and it was de
cided to remove his remains to a
moie fitting resting place at Nikko
So, in 1617, on the greatest day
Nikko ever knew, his body was re
moved to her exalted protection, with
such impressive ceremonies as only
the es of Buddha can afford Ja
pan hj.-, never seen such another bur
ial it may never again see its like
The most sought approach to thebrink
temple tombs of the illustrious dead
is over the sacred bridge, which is a
wooden -stiucture lacquered a deep
led vivid contrast to the somber
hue of the pines, and supported by
stone piers Gates are closed at ei
thei and, stopping all entrances ex
ep when they are open once a year
foi the annual festival, and vast
ciowds pass over the sacred way
Midwaj in the ascent is a small bel
frj, looking like a huge mushroom
under its big sloping roof, covered
with bronze plates and surmounted by
th" crest of Iyeyasu A bronze bell,
nmg bv means of a big log of wood
placed at an angle, so that, upon be
ins? pulled back by a rope, it will
strike the deep-toned instrument as
it lebounds, sends forth its clear, res
onant notes so as to be heard a long
\t the head of the terraced ascent
stand- A massive symbol of Shintoism,
a giauite torii This is 27 feet 6
inches in height, but looks dwarfed
beside the handsome five storied pa
goda standing near by The latter
has a beautiful crest, its stories de
creasing in size as they stand one
above another The eaves of the low
ei ston are decorated by the painted
carvings of the 12 Japanese signs of
the zodiac, the rat, ox, tiger, hare,
dragon, serpent, horse, goat, ape, cock,
dog pig
Broad stone steps lead to the en
trance, through the "Gate of the Two
Kings" to the storehouse, containing
the precious relics of Iyeyasu, and the
numerous belongings of the temple.
In the great courtyard, with its rows
of stone lanterns, besides those two
structures, vlth their large tiled roofs,
is another and larger building, with
painted carvings of elephants, show
ing their hind legs turned the wrong
way These ornaments are the work
of the famous left-handed artist, HI
dari Jingoro, and are considered mar
Tels of artistic taste. This elegant
court Is lighted, on special occasions,
by .118 magnificent lanterns placed on,
W aims to publish all the news possible,
a-it does so impartially, wasting no words.
3-Its correspondents are able and energetic
blest in the northland, the waterfalls
are the wildest in Japan One of them
leaps a sheer 350 feet into a basin of
snow, another is broken and twisted
into a series of cascades, whose sil
very beauty cannot be conveyed to
paper The ancient forests are hung
with rare mosses, that give them an
increased appearance of hoariness
The temperature, too, has a delight
ful and invigorating tone, both health
ful and hopeful
At Nikko is seen a shrine of the
oldest religion in Japanolder than
her history, in fact. Besides this em
blem of the Shinto faith was erected
by the saint Shodo Shonln, in 716, a
temple of Buddhathe later religjon
was introduced into the empire from
China, but its priests were wise
enough not to attempt to replace the
primitive Shinto by it. being content J^SO/f ^PJ^ZTSF
massive stone bases, the gifts of
noblemen in honor of the sleeping god
Iyeyasu Kept in a stable near by is
a snow-white pony sacred to the use
of the god This building is orna
mented by the carvings of three mon
keys, supposed to represent the unique
trinitv of San-goku no saru, the trio
that neither see, hear, nor speak any
evil This fact is symbolized by the
attitudes of the monkeys, one having
his paws over his eyes, the second
covering his mouth, and the third his
ears Wherever one goes in Japan he
will see these images of blind, dumb
and deaf monkeys In this same court
is a cistern fashioned out of solid
rock, and holding holy water, which
comes from a stream on the mountain
side, known as the White Thread Cas
cade, as the water flows over the
of the precipice in such a deli
cate layer of the silvery fluid as tobe
look to be a part of the glistening
In the midst of his admiration of
this scene the tourist hears the soft
ting p-ling of golden wind bells under
the eaves of the buildings as they are
gentlv swayed' to and fro by thethis
At the head of another flight of
steps the visitor comes upon a second
court, filled with wonder-works of
Japanese skill, and gifts fiom other
countries Among these last are a
bronee candelabrum, that belonged
vears ago to a king of Loocho, a huge
candle stick sent from Holland, etc,
Another flight of steps ascended,
and the visitor pauses before the Ya
Mei gate, its two stories decorated
with remarkable carvings of the com
mon and the unusual in artistic work.
As the ponderous gate swings ajar
we are ushered into a courtyard con
taining several buildings, one of which
was reserved in ancient times for the
koagura, or sacred dance, which was
performed by priestesses in wide,
flowing silken trousers, an overdress
of garfzy texture and a wreath of arti
ficial flowers, while they held in their
hands tiny bells, that gave forth soft,
bewitching music. They swirled ab
surd positions making ridiculous pass
es with their fans before amused
priests. Near the center of the court
is an enclosure holding the chapel,
which contains that universal emblem
of Shintoism, the golden gohei, attach
ed to a long wand, and a Shinto mir
ror on a table lacquered a deep black.
Another path leads, up 220 moss
grown steps to that spot of greatest
sanctity, the tomb of Japan's greatest
ruler. In fact, all these preludes of
courts, stone stairways, massive gates,
and displays of decorations have been
only the entrance to the mausoleum.
Situated within an enclosure of
lofty walls surmounted with a balus
trade and sheltered by -stately old
cryptomerias, the tomb itself Is un-
adorned and'stands an impressive and
fitting resting place of the mighty
shogun. It is constructed of huge
blocks of stone, crested with an urn
of gold, silver, and copper-bronze
raised in the form of a pagoda A vase
of bronze filled with lotus flowers and
leaves in brass, a bronze tortoise sup
porting a stork, an ornament typify
ing the length of the days, and an in
cense burner of the same metal, all
stand on a table of stone in front of
the tomb
Scarcely inferior to this sublime
mausoleum is the monument raised to
the memory of his grandson, Iyemitsu
This is reached by an avenue turning
from the approach to the other. In
this direction, courtyards and flights
of stone steps, gold and bronze Images,
grotesque carvings, temples to the
Shinto faith, the tomb of Yoritomo,
the shrewd ambitious and unscru
pulous founder of the shogunate,
niches filled with figures of mytho
logical gods and goddesses, among
which we note those ridiculous mon
sters with prodigious display of teeth
that are supposed to rule the wind
and thunder, gates that show both art
and skill in the building, an oratory
as impressive as that of Iyeyasu, and
with more of ornamentation
The beauty, grandeur and sublimity
of these famous shrines of Nikko must
seen to be appreciated. Art and
Nature seem to. have joined hands in
out-doing themselves India, famous
for her secred shrines, has nothing to
compare with them
Nikko puts on her best livery at the
festival of Iyeyasu, and the shrines to
hero are then seen to the best
advantage But the tourist has not
seen it all until he has been present
at one of the annual pilgrimages to
the mountain shrines The day is per
fect Nikko has more perfect days, it
would seem, than any other spot ^n
Japan The grand avenue is provided
with refreshments for the coming mul
titude, and a pine, consecrated to
propitiate the evil spirits, is dragged
furiously up the terraced path. Eager,
An Automobile Should Be Sold Every
Minute, According to This
Rivalry among automobile manufac
turers is acute, if good natured. At a
dinner of manufacturers' representa
tives at Hartford, Conn, one guest
dwelt at length cm the remarkable
popularity of his car and the wonder
ful organization of its selling force.
"Why, just think of it, gentlemen,"
said he, "last month our sales aver
aged a car every two minutes of each
working day. There was never any
thing like it in the world before. A
car every two minutes." He dwelt on
this point volubly and at length.
When at last he had concluded, the
representative of a rival factory arose
from his chair down the table and re
marked: "With the last speaker's per
mission I would like to offer my com
ment on his statement that there's
one of his cars sold every two min-
utes." Permission was granted. "I
understand you to say that you call
that good salesmanship. Am I right?"
Missed One-Half of Them
-esolted ^opi^ftS^mif^f^m^i^
branch after branch from the tree as
charms against evils, until it is bare
of leaf and branch. During this per
formance a continual outcry of voices
from a hundred throats rings up and
down the valley erstwhile so heavy
with the silence. Then the broad gate
of the sacred red bridge is flung open,
and the anxious, travel-worn pilgrims
move solemnly forward on their
march to the hoiy temples. Sancti
monious priests in robes of gold bro
cade or silk chasubles and white cas
socks, and mounted on ponies selected
with religious veneration for this
pious occason, are followed by their
train of devoted parishioners, clothed
in bright yellow gowns and holding
on long poles over their heads huge
fans Behind these marches a long
train of warriors, made conspicuous
by their ancient trappings and arms
of olden styles. Next in this strange
procession walk in double file, men
and boys with masks over their faces
and all wearing quaint costumes of
other days donned for this especial
scene. The last squad wave ban
ners or temple flags of queer device
over their heads, or carry live birds
or monkeys In the rear, attired In
skins of wild beasts, and to make
the imitation more startling, men
creep upon their hands and knees,
following two and two abreast. Be
sides these singular bodies of people,
at intervals along the marching col
ume zealous adherents of the faith
draw sacred cars on wooden wheels,
with temple-shaped roofs and bodies
of dark lacquer, valances of rare
needle-work, and rich draperies of red
and yellow silk. The entire scene is
enlivened, if not rendered more en
joyable, by all sorts of instruments,
musical and otherwise, sending forth
their medley of sounds. The proces
sion is at least a mile long, while the
avenue is fairly deluged by a flood
of spectators who have come from all
parts of the countrysome hundreds
of milesto witness this famous
"I certainly do," affirmed the
vious speaker
"Well, I don't that's all. I call it
mighty poor salesmanship."
"What do you mean?" demanded the
boaster. "A car every two min
"Poor salesmanshipthere's no
other name for it. The gentleman for
gets the universally accepted truth
that "there's a sucker born every min-
After^ which the next speaker was
Worth of Education.
Quintilian recommends all parents
properly to educate their children,
advising them to tra|n their offspring
carefully In learning good manners
and virtuous exercises, since we com
monly retain those qualities in age
which we cultivated and possessed
in our youth.
An open countenance be hath.
Indeed, his check, o monumental.
Is crossed by such a length of smile
The sparkling "Yf get horizontal.
Merrington Kirk, Apart From Its An
tlqulty, Is Interesting to the Tour
ist Through a Peculiarly
Gruesome Happening.
London, England.One of the old
-and interesting churches of England,
dating back to Saxon times, is Kirk
Merrington, a strong structure, which
crowns a hill in the village of Mer
rington in Durham county. The few
old, straight-backed oak pews, which
it contains, as well as the gargoyles
and elves, carved upon the ends of the
roof beams, just under the eaves,
which look dovn upon the beholder,
some with protruding tongues, others
with a hideous grimace, the quaint
windows and the general air of an
tiquity, all tend to throw around the
structure that curtain of mystery
which infallibly encircles these land
marks of bygone England.
Merrington Kirk is also famous in
another respect, for its eaves shelter
the tomb of the victims of the last
man gibbeted and hanged in chains in
the County of Durham. It is inscribed
as follows:
Here lies the bodies of
John, Jane and Elizabeth, children of
John and Margaret Biass,
who were murdered the 2Sth day of
Jan 1683,
By Andrew Mills, their Father's servant,
For which he was executed and hung
Reader, remember, sleeping
We were slain
And sleep till we must
Rise^ again
"Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man
Shall his blood be shed
"Thou shalt do no murder."
Restored by subscription in 1798.
As sample of English as'it was writ
ten toward the close of the se\en
teeuth century and of the involved and
confusing method cf composition then
employed we reprint the following ac
count of the tragedy as set down at
the time of the murder, in 1863:
"A sad, cruel murther was commit
tetd by a boy about 18 or 19 years of
age, nere Ferryhill nere Durham be
ing Thursday night. The manner is
by report, when the parents was out
of dores a young man, being sone to
the house, and two daughters was
kil'd by this boy with an axe having
knock'd yin in ye head, afterwards cut
their throats, one yin being-asleep'in
ye,he about -Hkorull years,of .age,, the
other daughter was to be married at
Candlemas. After he kil'd the eldest
daughter, being about 20 years of age,
a little lafs, her sister, about the age
of 11 years, being in bed alone, he
diag'd her out of bed, and kil'd her
alsoe. This same Andrew Millus alias
Miles, was hanged in irons upon a gy
bett nere Ferry hill upon the 15th day
Merrington Church.
of August, being Wednesday, this
yeare, 1683."
There is little need of entering fur
ther into the details of this gruesome
tragedy. Millus, pr Miles, who said
that the devil had told him to commit
the crimes, was seized by troopers and
after trial was gibbeted in chains on a
common, by the roadside, near Ferry
ville. A tradition, let us hope untrue,''
exists to.the effect that he revived aft
er the gibbeting and lived in awful tor
ture for several days, being in thestantly
meantime fed by his sweetheart. A
portion of the gibbet on which he was
hanged stood for many years after
ward, until a Ixlief grew up that it
possessed a charm for the toothache,
when the people ate it piecemeal.
Pictures Will Be Used in New York
to Teach History and Ge
New York.The moving picture is
about to be introduced in the class
rooms of New York city public
schools. During the past year it was
tried out semi-officially in the assem
bly halls of several downtown schools.
The principals have been very en
thusiastic. The motion picture is
able to render the greatest assistance
in geography and history. Mr. Ed
ison has perfected his miniature mov
ing picture machine, especially suit
able for the home and the school'
Twenty-Eighth Child.
Niagara Palls, N. Y.An eight
pound boy, her twenty-eighth child,
was born the other day to Mrs. Phil
lip E. Webster, Mrs. Webster is forty
four years old, was married when she
was sixteen, and of her children there
were three pairs of twins and two sets
of triplets.
Eight of the twenty-eight are still
i~\l Is
Oldes Structure in Berks County,
Pennsylvania, Was Built by Swed
ish Settlers at That Time.
DduglasviUe*, Pa.Of much interest
to autdmobiliats passing through the
Schuylkill valley is the old Swede
house here. The historic structure,
the oldest building in Berks county,
marks the northernmost settlement in
the state of the Swedes, who were
the first white settlers of Pennsylva
nia. The building was erected in 1716
and with the exception of slight al
terations stands as it did nearly two
centuries ago.
The Swedes who penetrated the un
known wilderness were a part ,of the
colony which effected the first settle
ment on the Delaware in' 1638. At
that time this section of Pennsylva
nia was known as New Sweden. The
question of encouraging the settle
ment of this region by the Swedes
Oldest House in Berks County.
had been considered by the king of
Sweden a decade prior to that, but
his war with the Germans and his
subsequent sudden death delayed and
nearly ended the project.
A part of the congregation of the
old Swedes' (Gloria Dei) church,
which is now embraced in Philadel
phia, under the leadership of Andrew
Rudman, made an exploration of the
Schuylkill in 1701 for the purpose of
establishing an inland trading post
with the Indians. They found suit
able land several miles north of the
Manatawney creek, where William
Penn, the new proprietor of Pennsyl
vania, granted them 10,000 acres.
The settlement was named Moriat
ton and the Swedes lived in harmony
with the Indians and thrived there
long before the advent into the region
of the English and German settlers.
Their descendants are found in therica.
locality to this day. Some of them,
whose names are still perpetuated,
were Andrew Bankson, Benjamin Bur
den, Peter Boon, Benjamin Boon, Jus
I tin Justason, Mounce Jastice, John
Cock, Peter Cock, Otto Ernest Cock,
Jacob Culin, Matthis Hulston, Morton
Murtis, Peter Yocum and Mounce
The old house above mentioned
was built by Mounce Jones, who had
one of the largest tracts under cul
tivation. It stands on the east bank
of the Schuylkill, hidden on all sides
by large trees. A road connecting
the two highways on either side of the
river now passes directly in front of
it, from which the old date stone in
its upper walls, bearing the date 1716,
is easily decipherable. The building
is now used as the headquarters of a
boat club.
Kaiser Declares He Solves AH Ques
tions, Even of a Political Na
ture, by the Scriptures.
Paris, France.Rene Puaux, the
military expert of the Temps, who
was in close contact with the German
emporer during the recent maneuvers
of the Swiss army, quotes the emperor
as summing up his satisfaction with
the work of the troops in a conversa
tion with President Forrer in thecf
"Your army saves me six army
The emperor in conversation con
insisted upon the necessity of
understandings as the best means of
dissipating suspicion, and declared his
personal desire to maintain peace. On
one occasion, in emphasizing this in
conversation with President Forrer,
the emperor intimated to the president
that he acquired, much of his inspira
tion from the bible.
"I don't care much for priests and
clergymen," said the emperor. "They
dilute the gospel witb too much of
their own dogma. I hold to the bible,
which I constantly read and reread.
In it one find the solution of every
difficulty, of every problem, even of a
political description."
It is known that the emperor's main
object in attending the maneuvers
was to convince himself of the ability
of the Swiss army to make the neu
trality of the country respected in
case of war, and his remark is inter
preted to mean that by the Swiss army
forming a screen to prevent the
French from invading Germany
through Switzerland, the Germans
could release six army corps in south
Germany for service in Alsace-Lor
raine or aldng the Belgian frontier.
Rat Attacks Sleeping Girls.
Nanticoke, Pa.Cries of his two
little sisters, Mary and Anna, aged
Ave and seven years, summoned an
older brother to their bedside. He
found them bleeding profusely from
wounds on the face and arms and
fighting desperately the attacks of
a large rat which was gnawing their
A, /^f*
mtroll6 by any ring or clique-
6-It asks no support but the people's.
$2.40 PER YEAfi.
Art and Architecture of Once Great
People Are There, but Hieroglyph
ics Baffle All the Knowledge
of the Scientists.
Pittsburg.Through the efforts of
Henry Hornbostel, head of the build
ing bureau of the Pittsburg Carnegie
Institute of Technology, there will be
in the Carnegie institute before a
great while specimens of distinctive
American art and architecture, the
legacy of that mysterious people who
lived ages ago in America, attained
a high degree of civilization, devel
oped a beautiful and cultivated art,
and then passed away, leaving only
these treasures of art and architec
ture to tell what their civilization had
been. Already Mr. Hornbostel has
been instrumental in arousing the
Carnegie Museum of Washington to
an interest in this field and it has set
aside an appropriation for explora
tion of the art of Yucatan. In com
panw with Lloyd Warren, Mr. Hornbos
tel made a pleasure trip to Yucatan
during a recent vacation, going far
into the interior of the country where
lies waiting a storehouse of material
for students of archaeology with ref
erence to hieroglyphics as well as art
and architecture. The hieroglyphics
are all the more alluring because
of their baffling conditions, with never
a clew yet discovered to work from in
deciphering their meaning, which
would reveal to us the minds of the
wonderful ancient inhabitants of
America. The priceless heritage has
lain neglected and crumbling to ruins
while at the same time huge sums are
being paid by our museums for repli
cas of works of art of the eastern
With the completion of the Panama
canal all signs point to a vast in
flux of northerners mto these south
ern states and an awakening of inter
eat in the study of the arts. Their
pottery and decorative designs are al
ready being made use of by enterpris
ing dealers and advertisers in all
kinds of wares as souvenirs of the
celebration of the opening of the great
"The day will soon come," says Mr.
Hornbostel, "when excursioning to the
ruins of Yucatan will be made as
easily as to the Holy Land or to
Egypt. It is now impossible for pet
ticoats to travel into the interior
of the country, as it is as wild and
densely forested as the interior of Af
Mr. Warren, myself and our
guide made the journey from Merida,
the capital of Yucatan, in the most
On the Plains of Yucatan.
primitive of wooden wagons drawn by
three burros, and because of the loose
construction of its wooden wheels and
axles, which allow it to wabble from
side to side without injury, wonder
fully adapted to the rough stone roads
the country."
Two absolutely unique characteris
tics of the ancient people who built
these ruins thousands of years ago,
and of whom they and the pyramids
on which many of them are built are
the only trace, were noted by Mr.
I Hornbostel. The first is that the
towns were built without walls or
fortifications of any kind, there were
no roads and the houses were far
apart, making them indeed garden
i cities, and there were no beasts of
burden. "This vanished race was a
peaceful people," said Mr. Hornbostel,
"and such architecture of a primitive
race is absolutely unique in history.
They had no fear of an invading army
and no preparation to repulse one.
They had no means of moving either
an army or supplies." The second pe
culiarity noted by, the travelers is the
original form of architecture in the
construction of the buildings, which
are made of small stones, cut and
dressed, with an original cantilever
construction of arches. This struc
ture, Mr. Hornbostel claims, he has
not found anywhere else in all his
study of architecture, ancient, medie
val and modern.
Wife's Blood Saves Life.
Baltimore.Harry H. Aubrey, base
ball player, has the heroism of his
wife, Mrs. Margaret Aubrey, and skill
of Johns Hopkins hospital surgeons
to thank for his life. Lying side by
side on the operating table, with her
artery attached to his vein in the
arm, her blood flowed into the life of
the man with whom she was one. For
an hour the transfusion went on, un
til the man was considered strong
enough to stand a successful operation
for the removal of a tumor.
*o *-r J 3* s. ~p pr

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