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The Appeal. (Saint Paul, Minn. ;) 1889-19??, December 28, 1912, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016810/1912-12-28/ed-1/seq-1/

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"Old year, you shall not die
We did so laush and cry with you,
i .ve half a mind to, die with you,
\?le yearlf'yooi ildUs't "die."
JMEaY^v'tW^-wait not. And
ed /w'e./'$$\ gathered once
more/al^Ad. the couch of
the^clylhg^l^r, whose short
:0mmeyi'p&m been fraught
jjwlta" n^-'jfejJperiences and
Tora- faUu&sff' with sorrow
nd" WWj'py? to the sons of
-.men. ^Wftlr friendly feel
ings of .regret we watch his
sotemn* passing. The weary
sighing of the .winter wind
over, the frozen wastes of
snow^is a'-moUrnfuI dirge for the days that
are, gone,Vfor. the irrevocable past. Chast
Stt?K ^^tb^^ aY yMand,of sorrow
and-^p^iiosl/'oweMV biessings ,r
year sins," and
-_Jted for future
guidance. It has been said that those who make
good resolutions are only those who break them._
Too often they are simply the impotent prod
ucts of lingering habit, aroused to life in .the
bewildering swirl of a customary moral house
cleaning, and doomed to a brief existence. A
momentary repentance, Induced by the sol
emnity and associations of the season, does not
effect much material change in the moral ca
pacity for clean living. Generally, something is
bound to give way when new wine is put into
old bottles. To do as a matter of course that
which is right as it comes is the true secret of
a good life, and becomes in time a force more
persistent and effectual than the weak-kneed
habit of shipping an ill-assorted deck cargo of
good resolutions, whose shifting in bad weather
will give serious trouble until it is jettisoned, or
swept overboard.
But hush! the hour is near. The old man is
breathing hard, his eyes grow dim, the hue of
death is spreading over his hollow cheeks and
wrinkled brows. Soon he will be gone, forgot
ten with the trouble and sorrow, the joy and de
light, he brought in his train. "Across the waste
his son and heir doth ride post-haste," and we
prepare to salute the rising sun, to make the
rafters ring with "The king is dead, long live the
king." And so, unmindful of "benefits forgot,"
with regret and remembrance buried deep in
the joy of the moment, we hail the signals of
the momentous changethe blaring of sirens
and the boom of cannon, the cheering of reveling
crowds and the mad joyous clangor of multitudi
nous bells.
Ring out, wild bells, to the wild sky,
The flying cloud, the frosty light:
The year Is dying in the night
Ring out, wild bells, and Jet him die.
The blessed glad new year is coming, her
alded with rejoicing, and resplendent with hope.
"There's a new foot on the floor, my friend, and
ETHRONED by Time the old Year dies.
Whose life was filled with many deeds,
Some noble, grand, some ill he lies
In history with other years of creed
And wars and men of fame we know
Him only by the things that passed
Within his time. Time measured slow
But found the old Year's doom at last.
New Year with youthful smile steps in
With scepter in his hand and claims
The Earth as his domain. Within
His days great men may write their
Nations may rise, may fall and die
Mysteries their secrets may unfold,
But ere he knows shall come the cry
"New Year, thou art among the old!"
that.-lf?%%#& the.nighf'h as strive
mightily tobe the friend of all. Eve
where unmerited misfortune has swampet
the high spirit and bruised the achin
heart, the old year's passing stirs memo
ries of regret for bright hopes faded, and
of gratitude for the few radiant gleams of
happiness which
have illumined the darkness
force of habit, with a new face at the door." Bacchus and
and bright-eyed Hebe give welcome and homage/ me 'first, momei^r,,ortb
to the newcomer, and salute the opening ..of ,hhV' il.'. Jkt'-'-h* 4.r^
reign with mirthful song and joyous, laugl
The festive celebration of the new year
a salient feature in the social life oJh
peoples, ancient and modem, and tmft
istic persists in the strenuous life of today.
The time at which- the year began varied
much among different nations. The Carthagin
ians, Egyptians, Persians and other nations of
antiquity began their year at the autumnal
equinox, New Year's day falling on September
22, of modern reckoning, which is also the be
ginning of the Jewish civil year. The Greeks
chose December 22, and afterward June 22. Jan
uary 1 was first adopted by the Romans, when
Julius Caesar brought the civil year into close
harmony with the solar, in B. C. 46, but, for
many centuries, the example was not followed
by subsequent European nations. At one time
there were seven different dates for the begin
ning of the year among the Christian nations,
and even successive popes, until comparatively
recent times, scarcely ever adopted the same
chronology. Russia and the eastern empire of
Constantino dated from September 1, and the
Mohammedan year, being dependent on the
phases of the moon, had and has no fixed begin
ning. January 1 became the accepted date of
the New Year among the Catholic nations of
Europe in 1582, when Pope Gregory XIII intro
duced the new style of reckoning, and corrected
the accumulated discrepancies between the Jul
ian computation and the actual solar year by
striking ten days out of the almanac of that
year. By 1700 this date was in general use
throughout Europe, but it was not until 1752
that England and her American colonies
adopted it.
Ancient and modern civilized peoples, while
differing as to the day from which they reck
oned the beginning of the civil year, have agreed
in distinguishing it by special festivities and re
ligious observances. The Romans dedicated Jan
uary 1 to the oldest of their gods, Janus of the
two faces, one youthful and. one ageda symbol
of the wisdom of the god who knows the past
and can peer into the
future. They sacrificed
to him on twelve altars,
and were careful so to
order their conduct on
New Year's day that ev
ery word and action
should be a happy au
gury of the twelve
months of the coming
year. Kindly salutations
and presents of figs,
dates and sweetmeats
were exchanged among
the people, holiday dress
was worn, and feasting
became universal. New
Year presents became
under the Caesars a
source of great personal
profit to the ruler, and
an onerous burden to
his subjects. The in
famous Caligula, making
it known that his daugh
ter required a dowry at
the New Year, walked
barefooted over the piles
of gold which covered
the courtyard of his pal
acegifts of the terror
ized Roman citizens.
How this custom per
sisted down the ages
may be gathered from
the fact that, even as
late as the reign of
William and Mary, the
English nobility were
accustomed to "send to
the king a purse with
gold in It, every New
Year's tide." Queen
Elizabeth's wardrobe
and jewelry were almost
wholly.,, supplied
5. from*|s
the New Year contributions of her
subjects, and although she made re
turiK^jts^ 'it is, rfetegied that she took
't-A .p^erved 4s
iifisgpral and supersti-
i^^^c^ij. j.a.t*i^p of the church
/'^T^jtious observances,l|.!the
pagan festi-
.X-p*fl and directedi^lbat the Christian
a should .-be reined with a day
4j*i .^o^Vfasting, pray^e^and humiliation.
*\e "festal character of the day, how
i .ev^r^r" pertina.ciQU^f, clung to it
I V'/ttir|)lUghout
the and the church
aspect, by
making it, a .festival in commemora-
thecir^umcision In Cath-
oli^icojmtrie,s, ^5f^w Year's day is a
*'t .^holiday. rof strict'1labligation,
iu#ng of ^the
^F^BBtanfc. c&ufllw
ttighi' service// ,th\g
houri'. of the
Once again a year has vanished,
To the realm of bygones banished,
Where the past years sleep in glory
Not forgottengone before
And the New Year comes to.greet us,
On the wings of Time to meet us,
And to fell the old, old story
Of the years that are no more.
In the wings of Time, swift flying,
Lies the Old Year, sighing, dying,
Borne to join the host that slumbers
On that distant unknown shore
Borne to join the countless legion,
That have crossed that mystic region,
And are counted with the numbers
In that land of Nevermore.
Once again the bells are ringing,
Tidings of the New Year bringing,
With the bly.the and gladsome clangor
Of the bells that rang of yore,
And their glad and tuneful pealing,
Brighter, fairer skies revealing,
Bids us banish sorrow, ang^r,
Think of gladness yet in store.
Defective Page
\vitft*V solemn midj^ght mass and the
peum. Many
hold a "watch-
gh the last three
Ing yeara sol
er and song and
hushed into a
nt meditation as
draws near, and
praise, greeting
emtf^service e^^rtation-^whicl
,#e t^tydghf. he
.thenar eW^M*' intoW
Let us greet the New Year gladly
Though we miss the old one sadly
Let us hope for bright skies o'er us.
Let our dreams be ever fair
Let us banish care and sorrow,
Hope for gladness on the morrow
Let us build for days before us
Brighter castles in the air.
Here Are Some of the
Tests Child.
for Determining
If a child of three years knows his name and
can thrust a chubby finger to his nose, mouth
and eyes, when asked about those organs, he's
a normal kid. If he can't, then it's time papa
and mamma got busy with, petty's little think
tank, or hell grow up to be a boob.
This, in plain Boweryesque, is the translation
of the formula given in scientific terms by the
medical savants of the Mental Hygiene confer
ence and exhibit, who are holding "tests of
children" in the hall of the city college, remarks
the New York Journal.
"A child of four," continues the scientific for
mula, "is expected to know its sex and to be able
to recognize such objects as a key, knife or a
penny, and to tell the comparative length of
"At five a boy or girl should be able to draw
a square and to repeat sentences. When a child
is six we ask for definitions. I might ask: 'What
is a fork?' If a boy answered: 'I eat with a
fork/ it would be sufficient for that age, but if
he Inserted the word 'something' in his defini
tion, as 'A fork is something to eat with,' it
would place him In the eight-year class. If he
said: 'A piece of tableware,' he would be in the
twelve-year class."
A child of ten is asked what he would do if
he missed a train. Here the answers vary. Any
reply that is an answer is accepted. One child
said: "Wait for another." Another said he
would "run and catch IV While a boy from
the Bronx said he would go home for the day.
What to do if struck by a playmate was the
most puzzling of all questions. Boys Invariably
looked at their mothers when the question was
put "Forgive him," was the answer only a few
The best examination passed so far was by
^seven-year-olPassed Donalde Grant of ,607foWest 138th
th examination the child
***"'W&$g%ffiBMffl. PI
LoudonPeople sometimes apply
the term Lyonesse to the whole of
Cornwall, which is a mistake. If there
ever was such a land at all it lay west
ward of Cornwall, and the Scilly Islcc
are its relics. The name of Arthur
plays like a lambent light about the
district but the period at which the
Scillies were sepaarted from the
mainland must be far beyond the
reach of history, which in England can
only explore about two thousand years
backward. The Lyonesse of romance
extended to the southwest of Land's
End, and was connected in race and
legend with the Leon of Brittany. As
a matter of geology the tradition has
no satisfactory basis, though there
^are traces of submerged forests in
Mount's Bay, and the old Cornish
name of St. Michael's Mount repre
sents that rock as having once stood
in the center of woodland. In reality
the islands are the last upheavals of
that backbone of granite which is so
impressive on Dartmoor and which
again comes into notice on the Bod
min Moors. True, ocean depths do not
begin till far beyond the islands, so
that in its relation to the great sub
marine platform Scilly may be con
sidered structurally attached to Brit
ain, as Britain is to the Continent.
Some portion of the vanished region
may have survived, adjoining the
coasts of Mount's Bay, till the year
1099, when, according to the Saxon
chroncle, Lyonesse was destroyed in
a great tempest.
When we come to the genuine his
tory of Scilly there are some interest
ing things to notice. The islands seem
to have been used as a penal settle
ment in Roman times and in the sixth
century they gave a home to the
Welch St. Samson, who became bish
op of Dol, and who has left footprints
in Guernsey as well as in Devon and
Cornwall. The Isle of Samson is now
uninhabited, but it may have had a
fairly large population when the saint
established an oratory here there
are many traces of early occupation.
^Po many: it is still moreJnteresting as
the home of Walter Besant's Armorel.
Early in the tenth century Athelstan
made a conquering expedition through
Cornwall, and is said to have spied
these isles from the high land at St.
Buryanthe day must have been un
commonly clear. He vowed to build a
church on the spot where he stood if
Typical Scilly Farm House.
de returned safely from their con
luest. Probably he met with little re
3istance on the islands, where he. is
supposed to have founded Tresco Ab
bey. Later, in the same century, a
Scillonian had the credit of convert
ing the fierce King Olaf of Norway.
Aiter harrying the coast of Britain
and Ireland Olaf sighted the Scillies
and ran his vessel into what is now
the harbor of St. Mary's. A hermit
here gave him timely warning of a
mutiny that was about to take place
among his own troops he crushed the
revolt, but was severely wounded.
Carried to the monastery at Tresco,
tie was there nursed into health and
Christianity, consenting to receivo
Columbus Graduates Say Auction of
Foodstuffs Would Help the
New York.The establishment of
city markets at which food products
shall be sold by auction to retailers
and consumers is the remedy for the
high cost of living proposed by a com
mittee of Columbus graduate students
which has been making an extensive
inquiry into the subject. This scheme,
the committee believes, is the best
means of cutting down unnecessary
costs in distribution, as it would do
away with jobbers.
Hurt Saving Doll.
South Norwalk, Conn.Little Mary
Fitzgerald, daughter of E. E. Fitz
gerald, is dying from injuries received
in rescuing her doll from the path of
a train.
Meanest Thief Sought.
Pittsburg, Pa.The,. police are
searching for the meanest thief in
the world, who stole $2.01 which Loi*
Sample, aged twelve ,.years, had
Wonderful Landscape Scenes Are De
scribed in Verse by Noted
London.All artists, and lovers of
paintings will be interested to know
that Wick House, on Richmond hill,
once the residence of the great paint
er, Sir Joshua Reynolds, is, like many
other noble mansions in the neighbor
hood, in the market. It is situated on
that wonderful terrace at Richmond,
whence one of the most perfect views
of marvelous scenery in southern Eng
land can be obtained. Poets and novel
as well as artists, have tried to
describe its perfections. No wonder
the beauty-loving eye of Sir Joshua
was attracted by the scene. He or
dered the architect, Sir William Cham
bers, to build for him this house on
the site of an old cottage, which was
demolished in order to make room
for the artist's dwelling place. It has
been much enlarged since Sir Joshua's
Home of Sir Joshua Reynolds.
time. From the window of the draw
ing room he painted one of his very
few landscapes. And what a wonder
ful view it is which is commanded by
the terrace! The beautiful River
Thames is seen like a gleam of silver
descending through the rich landscape
and curving round the foot of the hill,
its banks thickly wooded. Ham
House, the historic seat of the earl
of Dysart, Petersham, and Twicken
ham are in sight, and far away in the
dim distance rises the round tower of
lordly Windsor, and on the/ left the
outline of the Surrey hills. The poet
Thompson described this scene in
his "seasons," when the beauties of
"Summer" inspired his pen:
Here let us sweep
The boundless landscape now the rap
tured eye
Exulting, swift to huge Augusta send
Now to the sister hills that skirt her
"To lofty Harrow now and now to where
Majestic Windsor lifts his princely brow
In lovely contrast to this glorious view.
He goes on to describe where
"silver Thames first rural grows,"
"Ham's embowering walks," and the
matchless vale of the great river.
Pope lay ill on his deathbed when
Thompson wrote, and so he points to
the Muses' haunt, Twitnam's bowers,
and implores to heaven the healing of
his friend, and then proceeds to re
count the other beauties of the scene.
Another great writer has told us
about them. Sir Walter Scott in the
"Heart of Midlothian," makes the
duke of Argyll and Jeanie Deans
alight from the carriage to contem
plate the wondrous landscape. We
need not retell the grand description
painted by the great writer but when
the duke tells Jeanie that there is
nothing like in Scotland, Jeanie re
marks on the fine breed of cows, but
adds: "I like just as weell to look at
the craigs of Arthur's Seat and the
sea coming in ayont them, as at a'
thae muckle trees." It would never
do for "auld Scotland" to be beaten-
Englishman Unable to Prosecute Man
Who Follows Him Everywhere
He and Wife Go.
London.A remarkable story waa
related at the Highgate Police court
by a young man who applied for a
summons against another man. He
told the magistrate that some months
ago he summoned the man for threat
ening him, and the man was then cau
tioned. Since that time the man had
persistently followed him and his wife
about wherever they went, although
they lived at Finchley and he at
Crouch End. The man never said any
thing to them, but simply followed
them, and when they went indoors he
walked up and down outside watching
the house.
"It is not that I mind much," added
the applicant, "but it's not very nice
for my wife."
"The man is quite entitled to the
use of the road," said the judge, "and
in following you and your wife he is
offending against no statute. He is
quite within the limits of the law."
Methodist Missionary Tells How His
Prowess as Hunter Won
Over the Hindus.
San Francisco. Skill with
big game rifle has contributed much
to his success as a missionary, in the
opinion of the Rev. H. A. Musser, who,
with his wife and their two children,
arrived from the orient on the Tenyo
Maru. Eight years ago, as district
superintendent of the Methodist Epis
copal church, he went to the'moun
tains and jungles of central India.
"The meek and mild type of mis
sionary is slow to gain the confidence
of the Hindus," said Mr. Musser.
"Much of my suecess was due to the
fact that I was of assistance to the
natives in a physical sense. I have
hunted lions, tigers and elephants,
and I believe the barking of my gun
has done more for the missionary
caug than my preaching^
4-lt is the organ of ALL Afro-Amerioans.
5-It is not controlled by any ring or clique
6-11 asks no support but the people's.
$2.40 PER YEAE.
Inclosure Has Long Been Crown
ing Place of Czars.
Ivan or BelUTower Contains 36 Beils
In Front of the Arsenal Can
Still Be Seen the "Great
Moscow.The Kremlin, like the For
bidden City in Pekiu, is inclosed by a
wall entirely independent of that en
circling the city, says William Wisher
in the National Geographic Magazine.
It marks the part which escaped the
great conflagration when the outlying
districts of Moscow were burned by
the Russians, who wero besieged by
Napoleon. The present wall replaced
one of oaksome 500 years ago
which, like the Great Wall of China,
was erected as a defense from the
Within this inclosure is the imperial
palace, the treasury, the arsenal and
three cathedrals, which for centuries
have respectively been the places oi
the crowning, the marrying and the
burying of the czars of this great na
tion. The inclosure also contains a
convent and many great monuments.
On one side, far below, flows the River
Moskva, from which the city taket
its name. From the river's opposite
bank the view of the splendor of this
collection of buildings is unsurpassed.
Probably nowher-e in the world does
an inclosure of the dimensions of that
described by the wall of the Kremlin
contain precious stones^ approximating
the value of those displayed here. It
has been aptly stated that they should
not be counted by thousands, but
measured by the peck. To guard them
800 soldiers are constantly in and
around these buildings.
The Ivan or Bell tower is the most
conspicuous structure in the inclosure
and contains 36 bells, two of which
are of silver, the largest of the col
lection weighing 65 tons.
This large bell seems to lose its
magnitude when we come to examine
the one resting on a stone foundation
Tower and Gate of the Kremiin.
just outside the tower, which weighs
200 tons. It was originally intended
to hang within the walls, but soon aft
ter it was cast a fire destroyed the
building which sheltered it, causing
nine gaping cracks and the displace
ment of a piece of the bell weighing
nine tons. Owing to this misfortune,
its tongue has ever remained 'mute.
Not far from the bell tower stands
the arsenal, in front of which is a dis
play of 850 bronze cannon, trophies
captured from the Turks and French.
Prominent among these is the "great
gun," its mouth having a diameter of
three feet, surrounded by so thin a
shell that regard for safety probably
accounts for the fact that it, like the
great bell, has never spoken.
These two curios, coupled with Mos
cow's prevalent paving material, are
spoken of as the three ancient won
ders of the city. "The heaviest bell
which never was rung, and the largest
cannon which never was fired, and
the greatest amount oi .cobblestone
pavement" (which ought to be fired).
Oklahoma Pastor Sees AgainDue to
Missle Shot Fpom Rubber
Oklahoma City.A bit of tinfoil
flipped from a rubber band by a child
is declared to have caused the
restoration of the eyesight of the Rev.
G. G. Rupert, pastor of a local
church, who had been blind for 28
The missile fired. at random by a
grandchild of the minister, hit him in
one of the eyes, and to alleviate the
pain hot cloths were applied. This
occurred several days ago, and when
It was apparent that his sight was be
ing restored the applications were
continued. Practically normal vision
The Rev. Mr. Rupert became sud
denly blind while conducting revival
lervices in Birmingham, O., in 1884.
Eliot Discredits Hell.
Boston.-"I do not believe In hell,"
declared Dr. Charles W. Eliot, presl-^
dent emeritus of Harvard university,
in an address before Unitarian min
y" Loses Stocking and $100.
New York.Mrs. Robert Stadle
placed her silk stockings, one contain-f
ing $100, on the ledge of a window,^
A gust of wind came along, and mrw^&
she.is. mourning.

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