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The Appeal. (Saint Paul, Minn. ;) 1889-19??, January 04, 1913, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016810/1913-01-04/ed-1/seq-1/

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A*?,* ^Ww^j^V/^i^H^li ills'*"
VOL. 29. NO. 1.
,_ ^^s publish all the news possible.
H0 Land of Many
poetic designation
of their beloved
country most cher
ished by the peo
ple of Finland.
Mountain range3
and forest stretches
bold and verdant
aie interspersed with valley
-waterways and flagrant
meadow lauds In summer
time the foam and spray of
rushing torrents hang spark
ling dew drops on the golden
pine needles whilst tho va
porous mists of the marsh
lands wave fairv rainbows
among the russet fruit of
the bronzy hazels. The
greenest ot green moss and
the most tender gray stone
woit spread softest carpets
ioi the feet as with the hand
aio plucked the sweetest
wild flowers
"The Thousand Lakes" of
rmland, placid in the sun
shine but whipped to fury by autumn storms, re
semble clusters of precious gems cast by benefi
cent deit.es upon the bosom of Nature The eye
delights the serenity of the panorama till the
ear catches the impressive thunder of the cata
racts and waterfalls. A river-lake-land trip is
an experience at once novel and thrilling. Light
boats, too frail they look, push off boldly into
the lapids. manned by sturdy young fellows in
red flannel shirts, slouched felt hats and leather
boots far up the thigh, singing snatches of plain
tive folk-lore as their craft clear rock and boul
der daringly. The long wooden paddle thrown
out behind and the supple oars dash showers of
crystal water over the traveler. Groups of white
kerchiefed women and bare-legged children toss
cheery welcome all along the course whilst the
craft* boatmen take vigorous pulls at the ubiqui
tous cigarettes.
Winter brings about a marvelous transforma
tion. True, the rude storms expend their fury
upon the rock-bound coast but the deadly bliz
zard tears away Nature's beauty spots. When
the "Lady of the Snows" has spread her glitter
ing mantle far and wide peate, white and last
ing reigns everywhere Ice crystals depend
from every bough and eave and frost diamonds
sprinkle on the ground. Above all and everj
thing the great horizon is flashed with the daz
zling Northern Lights giving promise of life and
Spring, which saw vegetation leap like magic
out of the melting snows, is swiftly followed by
brief and brilliant summer, and autumn comes
on apace, ready, so it seems, to be devoured by
the greedy frost king Seed time and harvest
hold each other by the hand to resist the grip
of ice Forest work ceases, and, the short day
of winter over, old and young assemble in the
homestead's long common room and together
weave and spin, and read and smoke, and dance
and sing Certainly by sledge and ski and skate
distances are covered, and happy school children
glide hither and thither* sometimes scurrying
home for fear of wolves.
The Finns came originally from the Altai
mountains. They took possession of the "Land
of Many Waters" away in the seventh century.
The language spoken by the country people has
a similar origin it is an unique tongue, soft and
sonorous, not unlike modern Italian. -The peo
ple of the eastern province, touching upon Rus
sia, exhibit the Mongolian typethick lips, high
cheek bones and narrow eyes. The inhabitants
of the western province are mostly of Swedish
origin and speak the Swedish language.
The*word "Finn" means wizard. Among their
many superstitions is the tradition that a trin
ity of spirits presides over their destiny"Ukko,"
the spirit of the air "Tapo," the spirit of the
forest, and "Abte." ,the snirit of the lakes. The
\H kim% A^&'b* W
wasting no words.-
Ej 3 Its correspondents are able and energetio-
ferTmz&&rjpzjic%', iiz&5im?iOR&
FlflLANE aiv IN
yoz&sr'2E>GJW j&yz&vz?
mountain-ash is sacred, its ashes, after burning,
are carefully preserved, for when sprinkled on
the ground they descry luck or the reverse in
Land tenure and land service in Finland pre
sent many interesting features. The more salient
points are actual survivals of federal times.
The class of peasant which may be called "la-
borer-farmers" consists of men who receive no
wages. They occupy buildings belonging to the
landowner, which they are required to keep in
repair. The land-owners make grants of seed
and other necessaries, and of certain lands which
the laborer-farmers cultivate for their own bene
fit. They have free access to the forest for fuel
and for lumber for repairs. In return they are
obliged to work for the land-owner with their
own families and horses. On holdings, where
there is clay, the laborer-farmers are allowed to
make bricks and to earn what they can by sales,
paying so much per cent on their gains to their
Many laborer-farmers are quite well off, and,
whilst they retain their status as peasants, their
sons and daughters are sent to excellent schools
and enter government and commercial employ
ments. This class of men must not, however, he
confounded with the "free" peasantry. The lat
ter, although generally poorer, have superior
civil rights and form an estate of the realm with
direct representation in the Finnish parliament
Finland was first occupied by the Russians in
1809. Alexander I granted the inhabitants
autonomy under their ancient laws and institu
tions. Recent events have greatly curtailed Fin
nish liberties, but like the patriots th Tinns
abide and sing:
"Land of a Thousand Lakes,
Where faith and life are ours.
Past wrongs Inspire our powers
For us the future wakes!"
Like other folk, the Finns rejoice in festivals
religious and profane. Christmas is the great
est of them all. Ever so long before the eve of
the Nativity the stores are crowded with people
choosing klapps, gifts for family and friends. In
each town and village the snow-covered market
place becomes a pine forest full of Christmas
trees, for every home keeps Christmas thus. If
they do not rejoice In beef and plum pudding
they have their seasonable dishes all the same
lut flak, dried cod, soaked in brine and boiled to
a jelly with it they eat a sort of pease pud
ding. Smoked roast pork fellows and then comes
a rice pudding full of almondsthe more al
monds you get the more happy months you wilt
have. Plum tarts, served with paste and clotted
cream, form the dessert.
On Christmas Eve each house and cottace ex-
Defective Page
A &ffiZfrZlQ&&2%&D
lnbits a burning canalc in evt window th
peasanto dwellings are littered vvith clean strpw
aid the cattle their stalls have extia sup
plies of food A popular obse vance is to ar
iango m^eited saucers ,rovnd 'he festive board
one for each guestunder which are placed
objects bearing significant meanings Each pei
son in tin laises a saucer be it has cov
ered a piece of red nblionthat presages a
wound or some bodily mjurv o~ a com. riches
or a Lev, for a girl the token of her direction
within a twelve-month of some houbehold, for a
boy the enti ance on a commeri Sal career, or a
piece of fuel, which fortells death or a rag Iqr
matnnion^f*and so forth
The *'!fe^riotiiTas
Buck' visits cveiy hcpUj^\$!
Finland He" is an old man with long wnite 'liair
and beard and heavily clad^n fvi He drives
his team of reindeer ovei ^ourvtaxai? and frozen
lakes and enters unannounced ffjch dooi .vay He
makes a ciicuit of the farm and mquiios
whether the children have be' is
good or bad
Before leaving he throws do\v klapps for ail
At Twelfth Night the "Star T^js" make their
appearance They are five yovug men fancy
dress Three represent the Thr-e. Holy Kings ot
the Epiphany, one is King Herud, and the last
a goat with hoofs and horns They enact a
legendary play which has for it1-'
finale the death
of Herod, whilst the goat is tl rast outside the
door. "vVheiever tbej go Ihoj 'Cb^-ct arnt^ for
poor people who have no Chrl'fr^1*
After the gayeties of Christmas two months
elapse duiing which one is able to restore one's
digestive organs, and then comes Lent A dis
tinctive Lenten diet is blines and cav lai, tha
former the large thick pancakes which are eaten
with butter, sour cream and fruit juice At mid
Lent a fresh water fish is much esteemedlake
it is called It is caught in nets sunk through
holes in the ice of rivers and lakes Jt is boiled
in milk On Easter Eve everybody eats hard
boiled eggs.
The first of May is an ancient festival of gen
eral observance, especially by students and
youths. They meet in the public parks of Hel
singfors, the capital, and In country market
places, and there sing old folk-songs to the spirit
of spring Then they drink deeply of sweet
mead and consume vast quantities of struvoi
nch puff-paste tartsand then they dance and
flirt with buxom maidens to their hearts' con
tent Midsummer day is of universal observance
in Finland Birch trees are planted at all thp
house doors and twigs of birch are stuck all
over every room. The sun sets in the eve at
eleven o'clock, and rises in the day at two Dur
ing those three brief hours the young people kin
dle big fires. All are bent on dancing around and
above the blazing embers. They call the fires
kokko, "love's flame."
Rye harvest is a very important season. On
the first day the laborer-farmers, with their
wives and families, foregather at the mansion of
the land-owner. They are divided into squads
one man, two women and three children To
each squad is assigned a certain* area wherein
the man cuts the crop, the women shock and
the children glean. They work from four in the
morning until eight at night, with intervals for
breakfast and dinner These meals, together
with the supper at the end of toil, are substan
tial in every sense. They are provided gratis
by the land-owner and are eaten at long tables
placed In front of the mansion, whereat the land
owner and his family serve. After supper all
join in singing the plaintive national song, kale
wala, and then a happy time is passed with
games and dances.
The rye crop, which provides the Finns with
their staff of life, does not dry in ordinary sea
sons in the fields. It is consequently carried to
the rias, or barns, and laid on racks and rafters
Fires are kindled in each corner and the smoke
permeates the crop, imparting a much-loved and
peculiar flavor. The country people's diet con
sists chiefly of talkumma, a sort of porridge
made of rye. This is carried, when well set, in
birch bark knapsacks It is also baked hard and
hung in great round, thin cakes, with holes in
the center, from the ceilings of the houses. Their
favorite beverage is coffee, which they brew to
perfection. Corn-rye brandy is a liquor much
esteemed by all classes and "sometimes indulged
in to excess.
The greatest refreshment of the Finns is the
bath every homestead has a bath-house. It is
their unfailing remedy in sickness. "If bath
and brandy fail," they say, "then comes death."
In the bath-houses are stone ovens wherein wood
fires are kindled and every orifice is closed
After the fire has burnt itself out buckets of
water or shovelfuls of snow are dashed upon tho
embers and red hot stones. Dense clouds of
steam arise and into them the bathers plunge.
The whole body is switched wfth birch rods, and
then follow thorough'massage and rubbing down
with soap. As the bather quits the bath-house
squsings of cold water or snow are administered,
sometimes a header into deep snow is preferred!
Then for a while to cool they all sit on benches
In the open air, and then they resume their
clothes. During harvest time such baths In com
mon are taken every evening after work is done
in winter the Saturday night tub suffices. Few
spectacles can be more weird and astounding
for the traveler than, when driving to night quar
ters. he suddenly cornea upon the family at bath
Writer Gives Graphic Description
of Country.
Many Houses Have Never Been En
tered by a European and Never
Will BeWomen Are Always
Closely Veiled.
Bombay, India Reviewing J. A.
Spender's book, "The Indian Scene,"
the London Spe"tatoi says
To those who have not seen India
the descriptive chapters of "The I
dion. Scene" ill be Oi very grc^t n
t^rest }Tr Spender i~ content to
A Primitive Substitute for the Water
Cart. Natv Method of Watering
a Road.
him that he is not in Europe The
country is flat, it has many trees, it is
cut up into small fields and very close
ly cultivated It is the human element
and the animal element that make it
unlike Europethe women "swathed
in crimson muslin," the children "eith
er naked or fantastically dressed up,
the thin walnut colored men, with
white turbans and bare legs, the big
loose limbed donkeys who pass in a
kind of ambling gallop," the hump
backed cattle, "mild miniature beasts,"
the straight-backed lead colored buf
faloes. Then comes a railway station
and a fresh "riot of color and fancy."
Opposite the carriage stands a vener
able gentleman in bright green flower
ed silk dressing gown, with a pink tur
ban and white pajamas near him
there is a woman "in a shapeless mass
of orange cotton," a tiny child, "with
embroidered coat and absurd little
buff trousers ending in red shoes,"
and an old man who crowns a gray
frock coat with a crimson turban, and
wraps his legs in "a careless swathe
of white muslin Mr. Spender's train
was delayed for ten minutes because a
party of ladies had to be got out. An
immense sheet was held in front of
their carriage, in which they were
somehow enwrapped, and the group
was left "standing like a great, white
box in the middle of the platform."
Court Officer in Kansas Makes Up an
Odd Panel for a Case of Dis
orderly Conduct.
Independence, Kan.Twelve of the
wealthiest and most prominent women
of this city were summoned to serve
on a jury in the case of James Blue,
charged with firing a shot through
the window of an interburban car
near her, endangering the lives of the
passengers. Among the women sum
moned by the court officers are the
wives of two millionaire oil operators,
,two bankers' wives and two suffragist
Donkeys Annoyed Neighbors.
New York.Five donkeys were
made the performers at a "night In
Arabia" in the party given at one of
the fashionable cafes and their bray
ing annoyed the neighbors.
fit'-' ^ffryf
scribe Miat l.e caw die sw, ot
w*'/, and by thu means gives tho ic~t
er a stiong sense of t~e ^aL- of
what he 's told Nowhere is tliis d
with moie completeness tl an iu J.e
opening chapter on Be mbay i,,
strikes him is not th? piace ro n?i i
as the people. Everv street s'.a.v,
with them, and "no hali doz= brtm
alike Their color varies irorn \n.e
to \eiy nearly black, their costnm-i
"from me frock coat to tLo lo.a
Then there is the contrast bet,voon
life and death, between the Aich Par
se living in hi pretentious stone
bui't house on the seashore, and the
same man carried, as soon as he has
closed his eyes, to the towers of si
lence, with their "obscene semicircles
of vultuies sitting huddled togetuei
on tho rims ot the two pits waiting ic
their next meal" And then thsre i
the fact -more separating races p^r
haps than any other feature of IncXm
'liethat into the vast xnajonty ot
which "to all outward seeing
might be the homes of European nou
veaux riches," no European ha3 e^cr
entered or ever will enter He must
not see tin. women who live in them
When a shuttered or cm tamed ear
riage passes him for the first time
the street, he is told that a woman is
inside, and that is his nearest an
pioach to knowledge ox one-half oi In
dian life
W hen he leaves Bombay Mr Spen
der, does his best +o answer the sim
pie question What does India loo'c
hke? Somewhat north of Baroda h"
opens the shutters of his sleeping ca
riage and at first sees nothing to t^i
New Tower Is Erected in Connecticut
by Town and the Local Board
of Trade.
Greenfield, Conn.The Globe pre
sents herewith a picture of the new
tower just completed on Poets Seat,
Greenfield. It is built of local sand
stone and commands a beautiful view
up and down the Connecticut Valley
of the Shelburne Hills on the west
and other ranges of hills to the east
On a clear day a view of 40 miles
can be obtained The cost of the
tower is something more than $2 000
Of this the town appropriated 1,500
several hundred dollais was secured
by the Boa-d oi Trade of Greenfield.
The piano wore dravn h- Jerome
Ail i,., native of Giee"fiel bnt now!
a New York architect, and were giv
en to the town by Mr Allen without
financial compensation The builder
was Peter Barber.
The tower is 41 feet and 3 inches
high fiom grade to the top platform,
ith a scone parapet four feet high
and corner pinnacles eight fset high.
The walls are 18 inches tihck, with
a slight better about hi?If the height
of the lover, thus .ncicasing the
thickness of the walls at the LOT torn.
There are three reinfoired concrete
platforms The stars from the
ground to the second platiorm are
made of reinforced concrete with'*
landings at each turn The upper
flight to the top, or observation plat
torm, is a circular iron staircase place
a corner, to give the maximum plat
form on the second and third plat
All stairs are about three feet wide
All railings are four feet high. Those
in the triple arches on the second
platform are of stone, while those
the other openings are of iron. The
stair railings are also of iron
Bewildered Intruder Is Arrested After
Alarming Occupants of Building
in Cincinnati.
Cincinnati, Ohio.It was six o'clock
in the morning, when Police Operator
Abel received a telephone call from
a woman living in the fiat building at
the northeast corner of Yoik and
Freeman avenues. She was very
much excited and declared that a
burglar was in the place.
One minute after Lieutenant Couver
sent Knapp, Fifth district station
house keeper to the place, and three
minutes thereafter the cause of the
trouble was in the hands of the police
The alarm resulted when Sam Bea
bout, fifty-four years old, who says
his home is at the Kings Mills hotel
at Kings Mills, Ohio, wandered into
the place some time in the night.
There is a heating stove in the hall
and Sam curled up behind the stove
and took a nap. The place looked
just like his home, he said.
When he woke up he was bewil
dered and in order to get his bearings
he rapped on the various doors he
encountered. When the occupants of
th^ rooms peeped through a crack in
the door and saw the invader they
were frightened. The next step was
to call for the police.
Sam says his mind is a blank as to
his involuntary visit.
Packs of Famished Animals, Driven
From Mountains by Snows, Ter
rorize Low Country.
Lisbon, Portugal.Famished wolves
devoured four persons in the neigh
borhood of a village in the Province
of Beira.
Large packs of the starving ani
mals have come down from the gor
ges of the Sierra da Esttrella, whence
they have been driven owing to the
deep snows, and they are terrorizing
the low country. They attack lonely
farms at "night, and persons traveling
alone along the roads are in constant
A great hunt was organized by the
country inhabitants in the Province
of Beira. More than 200 men par
ticipated, and they succeeded in
rounding up and killing over 100
wolves. Eight of the hunters were
badly bitten.
Fireman Killed in an Explosion.
New York.William Hammil, a
fireman was hurled fifty feet and in
stantly killed the other day when an
explosion wrecked a forty thousand
gallon oil tank at the Kings County
Cap Plant in Greenpoint. Three other
men were injured. The victims were
under the tank when the explosion oc
4-It is the organ of ALL Afro-Americans.
5-It is not controlled by any ring or clique.
6-It asks no support but the people's.
New Poet's Seat Tower at Greenfield.
$2.40 PER YEAR.
Hospitality and Luxury in a Turk
ish Home.
Women Spend Their Time Playing
Cards, Listening to Professional
Story-Tellers and Eating
Perfume Baths Taken.
Constantinople.Hospitality among
the Turks is carried to a fine art. A
shoit time ago it was my privilege,
wntes a correspondent, to spend some
weeks in the haiem of the sop-m law
oi one oi Turkev greatest coneialsf,o
hoto l^c "hot off i'i
Plevna v.as Lmned iv c^ii~te'y side
b\ side with the bed/ of his cvnid
chihl My hc^tOoS
1 s^w r-otL but
Turkish Sh- was o'
r-, bcrauuil
and Jiappv Si\tj &L wun J\VJ3S
leadv to do he ui^Jais ^cc slaves
OUT fe'i-ss of the word biit more
like adopted c^'ldien
The bararp, spacious house btood in
a lcveH gaSlen, and v\as divided rto
two poiticns, one half (the haiemilk)
occupied by vonn and the other
hall (the salamlik) by me" The
sofas and chans the drawing-room
were covered with red and yellow
silk, and here ladies and slaves, all
eating loose garments like dressing
gowns, sat for hours chatting or play
ing cards or backgammon, or listen
ing to tho tales of the miradjus, tho
professional women story-tellers'They
have no regular Lours for meals,
snacks o? food being brought to them
at all homs They did not sit at table
in the dining-room where the hot.t en
tertained his fij.end pnd whe^e for
eign lidies were admitted.,
Visits to a harem are looked upon
as an aidefinue thing Some of the
ladies staving in the house had ar
rived with a small bundle of clothes
fo- a fi\v days and had stayed on
more than a year On an embroider
ed carpet one corner of the room
a large tray on short legs held all
couisss ot each meal, plaoed there be
fore the repast began Women, old
and voang, in picturesque, flowing
garments and swathed he^ids, handed
delicious stews, one oi two meats,
and vegetables and rce in eveiy iorm.
The windows opened from the in
side, behind wooden, immovable lat
tices Flower baths were a great in
stitution. There were baths of rose
leaves and baths of heliotroperosi'
Jtal&^Ee_'^&**b'idJrj^h.i. h?,T a^d
Summer Quarters of a Wealthy Turk
ish Family.
scalp and over the whole body The
ordinary Turkish baths were built
away from the house and seemed tc
be occupied all day long Until the
age of twelve boys remain in the
harem. At thirteen or fourteen girls
don the tchartchaf or veil and are
considered fit for marriage
There is many a bride of fifteen
with a husband of seventeen. Mar
riages are arranged by the two fami
lies the bridegroom does not see the
bride until after the marriage cere
mony, when he raises the veil. If he
omit to do this she remains his offi
cial wife only in name. Each Turk
is allowed by the Koran to have four
legal wives, but most of them now
adays are satisfied with one.
$9,000 Position in Missouri Is
vived After a Lapse of Thir
teen Years.
st. Louis.A state appointive office,
with fees estimated at $9,000 a year
which has been overlooked for 13
years, was filled for the first time with
the appointment by State Auditor Gor
don of Thomas Bond, a young attor
ney, as the auditor's local counsel in
the collection of the collateral inher
itance tax. How the lucrative position
had been overlooked so long, poli
ticians are at a loss to understand.
Doctor Removes Pellets, One of Which
Had Began to Sprout, From
Ear Tube.
San Bernardino, Cal.Two beans,
one of which had sprouted into an
embryo plant, were removed from the
head of a Mexican laborer here by Dr
H. Y. Beeson. For months the man had
complained of severe pains. The beans
had entered his head through his left
ear. The growing plant was nearly an
inch long, and apparently had flourish
ed in the ear tube.
A tJ**
-f 4--' 'fit*

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