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The Appeal. (Saint Paul, Minn. ;) 1889-19??, January 18, 1913, Image 1

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VOL. 29. NO. 3.
1It aims to publish all the news possible
2-It does so impartially, wasting no words-
3-Its correspondents are able and energetic.
ORE than 3,000 vears ago there were
gathered at the command of Moses,
on the plains of Assemblage in the
valley of Mount Sinai, all of the
children of Israel to listen to the
reading of the laws that were re
vealed to Moses during the "forty
days and forty nights" he spent in
the midst of a cloud communing with
the God of the "chosen people
Since that momentous and epoch
making event nations have risen to
mighty power, only to go down to
dei ,iy and oblivion. Unpeopled plains have been
converted into hives of industry, and hives of in
dustry have reverted back to unpeopled plains.
New land's hive been' discoTerfffl^atid peopled and
n\ seas have been navigated and charted Every
where progress has changed the physical condition
o! tlu people Everywheie progress has changed
the unstoiical and geogiaplncal importance of na
tion* and countnes Here, alone, in the Mount
Sinai Valley, where the nation that gave us the
Scuior first spuing into prominence, progress has
stood still. Sin rounded by the peaks of the "Forty
Mdityrs," all is hushed and still on the plain where
onn the hum ol thousands of voices was heard, and
v\hcre the valley rang with the resounding march
ol the hosts of Israel.
On the poak of Ras-es-Safsafeh, the cross, the
symbol of Chiistianity, has been planted on the verv
spot upon which Moses, the great law giver and
leadpr of the Jews, stood and gave to his people
the ten commandments, the basis of all religious
beliefs and the foundation of all law, moral and
chil Now unpeopled and deserted, the very
loiusomeness of the place is awe-inspiring, and
rh' 'silence of the tomb" is not more impressive
than the "veil of silence" that envelops Ras-es-
SafSafeh and its surroundings
The mount on which God is said to have re
veakd himself to Moses is situated in the south
ern half of the so-called peninsula of Sinai, pro
jecting into the northern extremity of the Red
sea between the Gulf of Suez on the west and
the Gulf of Akabah on the east This park of the
peninsula consists of a mass of granite and
norphyry mountains which may be divided into
three groups, a northwestern, reaching in Jebel
Serbcil a height of 6,712 feet a central, includ
ing Jebel Musa (Mount of Moses), 7,363 feet,
and Jebel Katerin, 8.537 feet and an eastern
and southern, whose highest peak is Jebel Umm
Shomer. 8,449 feet. Whether the Biblical Sinai
was Jebel Umm Shomer of Jebel Musa was long
disputed by leading authorities. The former was
achocated by Eusebius, Jerome. Cosmas Indico
pleustes, and In more modern times by Lepsius
and .Ebers Jebel Musa, however, is preferred by
most authorities, and is favored by tradition
(which dates, however, only from Christian
times), indicated by the name ''Mountain of
Moses," and the erection of a monastery upon
it which goes back to the days of Justinian The
northern peak of Jebel Musa, known as Ras-es
Safsafeh (6,540 feet), meets the conditions re
quired, since there is an open space at its base
sufficient to accommodate a large encampment
Standing on the lofty summit of Mount Sinai,
hat thoughts and visions are conjured up as
one contemplates that there on the vast plain of
\ssemblage that stretches before the eye hun
dreds of feet below, fifty centuries ago, the com
mandments were deliverd to the assembled chil
dien of Israel.
Excepting for the Mount Sinai monastery,
which from these heights looks like a little toy
fort built of blocks, the region is still and
hushed, and almost deserted. The massive walls
of the monastery raised by the peace-loving and
God-fearing monks under Justinian in 527 A D.
as a protection against the marauding bands
of Bedouins that infested that part of the coun
try when the wealth of an empire was possessed
by the builders and occupants of the monastery
are in the same condition as when built 1,500
years ago. Today, however, the Christian world
keeps a watchful eye over this mountain monas
tery and its contents, and the Bedouins, knowing
this to be the fact, keep on friendly as well as
visiting terms with the monks.
In the monastery are stored the priceless
books narrating the history of Christianity In
the tongue of every Christian nation. Slowly
the brotherhood of Mount Sinai monks are dy
ing out, there being but twenty or twenty-five
at the present time. The life and the paynot
enough to buy tobaccoare not sufficient in
ducement for young recruits to join the forces
that year by year are growing smaller. In the
course of a few years the terasurer of the
monastery will remain but a memory to remind
one of the greatness of its founder, Justinian.
Looking northwest from Jebel Musa to Wadi el
CC&Z2&S3 J&&$&
Loja the traveler who for days has been wearied
by the sight of nothing else but the monotonous
blue of the burning sky and the dreary desert
all about him is exhilarated, pleased and rested
bv the sight of those beautiful cypress trees with
their cool, dark foliage down in the wadithe
Arabic name for hollow or valley. One can
scarcelj imagine anything more dreary than the
valley where these trees raise their heads above
the rock-bound hollow in the desert. They stand
in all their majesty in the gardens of the monas
tery of the Sinaitic monks on St. Catherine, one
of the mountains of the range called the "Forty
Martyrs," and great pride is taken by these men
of God in these trees, which for a thousand years
have broken the monotony of the desert waste
and have cast their welcome shade wherein the
weary traveler and the travel-stained caravan
may rest and take shelter.
For more than a year the Israelites were en
camped in the valley of Sinai when they again
took up their wanderings in search of the prom
ised land Through Asia Minor they proceeded
to the land of Canaan, their great leader, Moses,
dying as they came in sight of the country
which God had promised to Abraham, Isaac and
One of the most important places in Asia
Minor, on the road from Constantinople to Konia,
is the ancient town of Afium Kara-Hissar, whose
extraordinary citadel, rising 800 feet in its very
center, was the Byzantine fortress of Aeroenus,
where in 730 A. the Arabs, under the leader
ship of Sid el Battel el Ghazi, were defeated bv
the Turks in its very shadow. To get a view of
this most picturesque town a climb up the stair
way cut in the rock of the citadel brings one to
the very summit where there still remain the me
diaeval Turkish fortifications
Like all other towns in Asia Minor, Afium
Kara-Hissar is built of mud bricks. Its streets
run in every direction of the compass. Although
the language spoken there Is Turkish, there is
a large Armenian population. It is as dirty a
place as one can imagine. Overrun with half
starved, howling dogs in the day, the night is
made hideous by their mad attempts to clean up
the refuse" thrown in the streets. It is a good
place to be avoided by the fastidious. The town
boasts of a fine bazaar, churches for the Armen
ians and mosques for the Turks, as well as
schools for both classes. The Armenians have
made a commendable effort to make their part
of the town inhabitable and sanitary.
The story of the birth and infancy of the
founder and first legislator of the Israelite na
tion is one of the treasured gems of Hebrew
literature. He was of the tribe of Levi, and
his mother, Jochebed (his father's name was
Amram), hid him three months in defiance of
the edict of Pharaoh, who, to prevent the growth
of his Hebrew slave population, had ordered all
their male children to be put to death at birth.
As the danger of discovery became great, the
infant was placed in an ark on the Nile, was
found and adopted by the daughter of Pharaoh,
and was brought up as an Egyptian prince. But
his heart was with his enslaved brethren, and
Defective Page
rz&zrj OJ^ M^c^rMB^M.6^miijmzrc^
his slaying of one of their oppressors necessitat
ed his flight to Midian, where he received the
divine call to be the deliverer of his people from
Egypt. After considerable trouble he led them
forth, crossed the Red sea, in which the pur
suing Egyptians were drowned, and then, during
a forty years' residence in the desert, organized
the religious and social polity of the nation
Moses stands out as a sublime and unique figure,
without whom neither Judaism, Mohammedanism,
nor Christianity could have been what they are
Where the Hunter Shot Her Is Now Called Bear's
Along one of the branches of the Cheyenne
river in South Dakota there stands a hill called
Matoti, or Bear's House. Tradition tells this
Indian legend about it:
Once upon a time an Indian hunter was out
on the chase. He wandered for many a day
through forest and plain, over hill and dale, till
he finally came to a spot where Bear's House
now is. Here he hunted for a while until one day
he met a beautiful Indian woman.
As soon as he saw her he wanted to marry
her. Long and hard was the wooing, for the
Indian woman was unwilling to marry the
stranger. At last she consented, but she made
the stranger promise that he would never in the
future hunt or kill the bear This animal was her
totem, sacred to her and an object of her wor
ship. The hunter faithfuly promised to obey her
wishes and to hunt all other animals and leave
the bear unharmed. Then they were married
and lived on in happiness and contentment for
many a day.
Once it happened that the hunter started on the
chase. Early he went and roamed all through
the neighboring forest without killing a single
thing. At last he became weary and tired from
the chase and resolved to return to his wigwam.
As he was approaching his home he saw in the
dusky twilight the dark and shaggy form of a
huge bear making straight for the wigwam.
"Now my wife will be lost," he thought, "for
if the bear reaches there before me he will
surely kill her."
Doubt at first stayed his hand, for he remem
bered his marriage vow. But fear and anxiety
overcame his doubts. He raised his bow to his
shoulder and aimed at the animal. One arrow
sent straight to the heart laid the animal low.
When the Indian came near he saw instead of
the bear the lifeless form of his wife. The hill
where they lived is still called the Bear's House,
or Matoti Hill.
Not for Publication.
"Of course, you have some convictions In mat
ters of public concern."
"Mebbe," replied Farmer Corntossel.
"Well, why don't yon come out and express
"I dasn't. We've got boarders from all political
parties."Washington Star. -1 "V
Run From Boulogne to Arras In
Spain Is Interesting.
Switzerland No Paradise for the
Speeder, as Inhabitants Do Not
Welcome This New Mode of
Travel Speed Limit
Boulogne, France.There are more
Ways than one of setting out for the
Tyrol, and if a short sea voyage is an
object, then nothing can better the
Folkestone-Boulogne route. Otherwise
the Hook of Holland and a journey
down the Rhine is a good alternative.
We chose the short sea trip and start
ed with a run from Boulogne to Arras,
a town not devoid of interest. Then
on to Rheims, which is always a sat
isfactory halt, first, because it pos
sesses one of the most perfect of all
the French cathedrals, and, secondly,
on account of the excellence of the
hotela consideration not to be de
spised after a day's run We had in
tended staying a night at Bar le Due
after Rheims! but on arriving there
we were so unprepossessed by the
look of the one and only hotel given
i in our guide that we decided to go on
to Nancy, which we reached eventu
ally after being caught in a terrific
i thunder-storm We made our way
into Switzerland through the Vosges
i country, staying a night at Plom
bieres, a pretty little French water
ing place, rather shut in by woods
and hills.
Our next journey took us over the
Ballon d'Alsace, then through Bel
fort, Montbeliard, St Hippolyte,
Maiche and Morteau to the frontier.
The road, on leaving Montbeliard, is
particularly beautiful, and especially
after leaving St Hippolyte, where it
begins to ascend rapidly with a suc
cession of corners. It is hilly and wind
ing all the way to Maiche, and then
runs along a fine open plateau for
some kilometres, gradually ascending
as far as Russey and then descending
until Marteau is reached, when a
sharp turn to the left brings one with
in a few miles of Le Lac au Villers
and the French Customs. After climb
ing to the summit of the Col des
Roches, a fine rugged piece of scen
ery, the road enters a rock tunnel, at
The Cathedral at Rheims.
the end of which the Swiss customs
house comes into sight.
From Chaux le Fonds we could only
crawl for the rest of the way into
Neuchatel, for the road is very steep
over the Col des Loges, and then
comes a long winding, and in parts
rapid, descent to Bondevillers and
Valengin, with numerous sharp cor
ners and tunnels cut in the rock.
From Neuchatel to Zurich is an
easy day's run? but in Switzerland
one must always remember to allow
about double the time taken to cover
the same distance in any other coun
try. The speed limits are absurdly
low in the towns and villages, and as
the country is thickly populated and
there are seldom more than a few
kilometres without houses, traveling
becomes a somewhat lengthy pro
ceeding. Very heavy fines are im
posed for don-compliance with regu
lations, and every minute large pla
cards greet the eye with "Halt! Autos
Langsam6 kilosBusse 200francs!"
As yet cars are not welcomed by the
Swiss, and one has to get accustomed
to hearing "Halt!" yelled out con
stantly, while the angry looks of the
inhabitants lead one to imagine one is
beating a record instead of crawling
at the rate of four miles an hour in
the middle of a village.
Proposed Action Against Nickel
Shows and Saloons Raises
Storm of Protests.
Berlin.A storm, of protest has
been aroused by the government's de
cision to tax tickets of admission to
motion picture shows and increase the
tax on brewery malt. More than 350
proprietors of nickelodeons and mo
tion picture shows in Berlin and 2,000
saloon keepers, cafe and hotel propri
etors, have petitioned against the two
taxes. The Socialists are bitter in
their attack upon what they term an
attempt to tax the cheapest form of
pleasusethe only one the working
classes can afford
Noted Toll-House in Boston to Be
Torn DownWiil Be Replaced
With a Theater.
Boston.A structure of much his
toric interest, which will soon be torn
down to make way for a theater, is
the old toll-house at the northeast
corner of Oxford street and Ridge
avenue. The building, which is of
frame and one and a half stories in
height, was the first toll-house on the
famous old Ridge Road which was the
first improved road leading from this
city to Norristown. It was built in
1811 by the Ridge Road Turnpike
Company and is the last of the old
toll-houses remaining within the city
The building consists of two parts,
the original structure and an addition
built about 1860, which adjoins it on
Famous Old Toll House Which Soon
Will Be Razed.
the corner The old building was used
as the toll-house for over 50 years un
til a change in the highways the vi
cinity necessitated its abandonment
and the erection of a new house fur
ther up the road, at Issining avenue.
The old house has been the property
of one family ever since it was built.
It was built by John S Lawrenee, the
first toll-keeper, whose grandson,
John Lawrence, recently sold it to
the theatrical concern
Mr. Lawrence was born in the
building and remembers his .mother
collecting tolls at the doorway." For
many years Mr. Lawrence used it as
an office for his coal yard. It was
not far to the east of the old toll-gate
that Porter, the highwayman, robbed
the United States mail coach in the
early part of the last century, for
vhich he was hanged at Bush Hill,
near Seventeenth street and Fair
mount avenue Another important
building at the time which was close
ly associated with the toll-house was
the Moss Cottage Hotel, which was
built before the Revolution and stood
a short distance west
It was the custom in the days of
the toll-house not to collect tolls from
hearses and undertaker's wagons, nor
funeral carriages on the way to a
church yard. Funerals on the way to
a cemetery, however, were compelled
to pay. Carriages conveying persona
to church services also were exemplt
from the toll. The rate was iy2 cents
a mile for each horse and 1 cent for
each head of cattle and swine.
New York Court is Lenient to Prison
er Who Stole When Starv.
New York.Justice Steinert in spe
cial sessions sentenced Albert F. Mor
gan to thirty days in the Tombs to
"brace him up." Morgan had pleaded
guilty to the theft of a violin worth
$15 from his landlady, Mrs. Marie
Hardt, of 391 East 40th street
"I had a position in Washington,"
he said, "until three months ago. Then
I got in with a gay crowd and spent
more money than I should and finally
came to New York. For two days I
had had nothing to eat, except some
rolls I stole from a doorstep, and fin
ally I stole the violin. I was desper
ate and down and out."
After a brief conference with Jus
tices Mclnerney and Salmon, Justice
Steinert announced the sentence. "You
are on the verge of a breakdown," he
said, "and it is for your own best in
terest that I send you to the city
prison for thirty days."
Beast Attacks a Pennsylvania Hunt
er, Killing Dog Before It
Is Slain.
Pottsville, Pa.Ellsworth Minning,
returning to his home at Tremont
about nightfall after a hunting trip
accompanied only by his dog, was at
tacked by one of the largest cata
mounts ever seen in this section. He
felt the animal leap from the limb oi
a tree, as if by intuition, and stepped
aside, just in the nick of time. The
animal immediately engaged in a fight
with the dog, which was killed. In th
meantime Minning repeatedly emptied
a shotgun into the catamount's body,
and after an hour's struggle the ani
mal was slain. It weighed exactly 21
pounds after it had been drawn.
Sues for Dog's Board.
Boston.-r-Fee, the Parisian poodle
dog, which has figured in several oi
Mrs. Elizabeth Stuart Phelps Ward's
short stories, is now the central fig
ure in a suit brought against Mrs.
Ward'e estate for board for the dog
Metropolis, Where Vice Was Pre
dominant, Is Now Transformed.
Overthrow of the Manchus Is Resporv
sible for ChangeOpium Smoking
and Open Gambling Is
Now Unknown.
Pekin, China.A common proverb
in China was, "If you wish to be
wicked, go to Canton."
One who knows the old Canton,
with its treasures of iniquity, would
be greatly surprised today at the tre
mendous change. No longer do the
four story palaces of vice near the
foreign settlement bring their seduc
tive influence to bear on the youth of
the cityall are dark and the streets
are deserted The lower bund fitted
up in the latest style, a thousand-foot
front of "red light," is the military
No longer do you find on three and
four corners of the principal street
crossings the blatant signs, "Gambling
Here." There is not an open gam
bling den nor a lottery in this city
of over a million and a half of peo
ple Opium smoking, that curse orse
than drink in western lands, is gone,
never to return, it is asserted.
Not only have these three open
sores of the estern world healed, but
age-long abuses due to ancient relig
ion and custom, have been cut away
to allow the new growth of truth to
appear. Slavery has been abolished
by law, and assistance is given to
those who are freed to find means of
livelihood Four hundred girls are
being educated in one school at the
city's expense. The blind singing
girls arei now being cared for and
given an education in industrial work.
And, finally, the nunneries have
been opened, the girls in them are
allowed the choice of leaving or re
maining, and the small girls pur
chased to be brought up as nuns are
liberated and are being taught in
government schools. Twelve of the
13 Confusian temples in the city have
been turned over to the control of
the educational department to be used
as schools.
These great reforms are but the re
sult of the natural moral force of the
Chinese, combined with the enlight
enment of the west. Once freed from
the long crushing thraldom of the
Former Ruler's State Barge.
Manchus, the Chinese have leaped to
the iront rank of moral reform It
is true that opium and gambling in
Canton were prohibited before the
revolution came, the latter only a
few months before, but they were the
results of agitation through those at
tempting to get at the root of the
matter under the inertia of the Man
chu government, and who were suc
cessful. The Manchu thought to throw
them off the trail by permitting lesser
It is noteworthy that within three
months after the new Cantonese gov
ernment was formed and the present
corps of officials was well establish
ed, this city, once the worst of the
imarts of China, has become a mod
el city.
Grand Duke Michael of Russia Loyal
to Morganatic
St. Petersburg.That love is bettei
than a throne seems to be the opinion
of the Grand Duke Michael Alexan
drovitch, brother of the czar, who has
definitely renounced all his rights to
the throne, refusing to annul his mar.
ganatic marriage, as the issue of
which a son was recently born.
The grand duke was married se
cretly nearly three years ago to Mme.
Mamontoff. When very young this
beautiful woman of many accomplish
ments married Sergius Mamontoff, a
Moscow millionaire. The marriage
was an unhappy one, and when the
grand duke visited Moscow he met
Mme. Mamontoff and fell in love with
She reciprocated his affection and
at her request Mamontoff divorced
her. Her family urged her to marry
again. "I will find you a husband,"
said the grand duke to her, and he
actually married her to a young officer
of cuirassiers, who was her husband
in name only and who afterward di
vorced her.
Mme. Mamontoff and the grand
duke went to Moscow and there after
some difficulty found a priest willing
to marry them. The czar, who was
intensely angry when he heard of his
brother's infatuation, practically ex
iled him.
The grand duke told the czar that
he cared nothing for imperial rank,
and would gladly renounce all his
rights rather than be separated from
the woman he loved.
Roosters Cure Lonesomeness.
Basket, Pa.Mrs. Mary Wentzel, a
72-year-old farmer, .tills 20 acres of
land, keeps 27 roosters, none finer to
be seen in the country, and none bet*
ter trained. She declares their crow
ing banishes lonesomeness and makjs*
tbings lively about the place.
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