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I. ^^^^^^f*^^^ph^i i^j^yf *v^ ^,-f^x r^- THE APPEAL AN AMERICAN NEWSPAPER ISSUED WEEKLY J. .ADAMS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER a i ST. PAUL OFFICE No. 801-2 Court Block, 24 E. 4th at M. ADAMS. Manaffer. MINNEAPOLIS OFFICE No. 2812 Tenth Avenue titli 3. FT. SBJIXKRS. Manager Entered at the Pontofllce In St. Paul, Mlnnenota, urn Mecond-claR* mall matter. June 1885, under Act of ConKreas, March 3, 1879. TERMS, STRICTLY IN ADVANCE: SINGLE COPY, ONE YEAR S2.oo SINGLE COPY, SIX MONTHS 1.10 SINGLE COPY, THREE MONTHS 60 When subscriptions are by any means allowed to run without prepayment, *lie terms are 60 cents for each Id weeks an 6 cents in eacn odd week, or at the rata of 12,40 per year. Remittances should bs mad* by Express Money Ordei, Post Office Money Order, Re gistered Lettei or Bank Draft. Postage stamps will be lecelved the same as cash for the fractional parts of a dollar. Only one cent and two cent stamps taken. Silver should never be sent through the mail. 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In every letter that you write us never fail to give your full name and address, plainly written post office, county and state. Busi ness letters of all kinds must be written on separate sheets from letters containing news or matter for publication SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 1917 S i.^ ,|,,g, ,4, "Any prejudice whatever will be insurmountable if those who do not share in it themselves truckle to it and flatter it and accept it as a law of nature." John Stuart Mill. WILL THE MOB RULE? The Loyalty League of America has been organized at Phoenix, Arizona. The avowed purpose as set forth in the constitution is to exterminate the I. W. W. The I. W W. is seeking to exter minate the workers who do not bow to their mandates. The draft registers in^North Caro lina and Oklahoma are resisting con scription bv violence, i In various parts of the country colored men are being murdered be cause they are willing to work I Is orderly government to give way to anarchy? I Already enemy countries assert that the U. S. is ruled by mob violence. CRIME AGAINST CIVILIZATION. In the opinion of THE APPEAL, the strongest article denouncing the East Saint Louis massacre was an editorial published in the Christian Register of Boston, Mass. The Regis ter is the leading Unitarian paper pub lished in the United States and per haps that accounts for the article. The Unitarian church is one of the few Christian denominations in Amer ica in which there is no color line. The orthodox Christian sects in Amer ica are so filled with prejudice that the ruthless massacre of helpless men, women and children fails to bring out a protest. The article from the Christian Reg ister, which follows, is not so long as some of the articles which have ap peared in the daily papers, but it is evidently the most sincere which THE APPEAL has seen. The hideous outrage against law and humanity in East St. Louis, 111, makes us turn again from the barbari ties of war to the ferocities of peace, from crimes against civilization abroad to crimes against civilization at home. The testimony of eye witnesses-shows that nothing is to be learned among white people of this city from the cru* elties and brutalities of foreign con quest No tribes of any name or time have ever outdone the white men and women who burned colored men,' women and children the other day in this American city. Nothing more re volting was ever charged against Ne-! a flttatttj of Stlants Silent God, Thou whose voice afar in mist and mystery hath left our ears an-hungered in these fearful days Hear us, good Lord I J* d L'sten to us, Thy children: our faces dark with doubt, are made a mockery in Thy sanctuary. With uplifted hands we front Thy heaven, O God, crying: We Beseech Thee to he AT US, good Lord I J* J* We are not better than our fellows, Lord, we ate but weak and human men. When our devils do deviltry, curse Thou the doer and the deedt curse them as we curse them, do to them all and more than ever they have done to innocecce and weakness, to womanhood and home. Have mercy upon us, miserable sinners J* J And yet whose is the deeper guilt? Who made these devils? Who nursed them in crime and fed them on injustice? Who ravished and debauched their mothers and their grandmothets? Who bought and sold their crime, and waxed fat and rich on public iniquity? Thou knowest, good God J J* Is this Thy Justice, O Father, that guile be easier than innocence, and the innocent crucified for the guilt of the untouched guilty? N Justice, 0 Judge of men I J* Wherefore do we pray? Is not the God of the fathers dead? Have not seers seen in Heaven's halls Thine hearsed and lifeless form stark amidst the black and rolling smoke of sin, where all along bow bitter forms of endless dead Awake, Thou that steepest I J Thou art not dead, but*ffowi~afaf, up hills of endless light, thru blazing corridors of suns, where Worlds do svring of good and gentle men, of women strong and freefar from the cozenage, black hypocrisy and chaste prostitution of this shameful speck of dust! Turn again, 0 Lord, leave us not to perish in our sin jfc From lust of body and lust of blood Great God deliver us THE MAN. WHO DARES I honor the man who in the consci entious discharge of his duty dares to stand alone the world, with ignorant, intolerant judgment, may condemn, the countenances of relatives may be averted, and the hearts of friends grow cold, but the sense of duty done shall be sweeter than the applause of the world, the countenances of relatives or the hearts of friends.Charles Sumner. groes than was done by these white people. The organization of the man hood of the nation isfor the protection of human life and liberty on the seas and for the deliverance of democracy in the world will be needed at home after its task abroad is done. While our fellow-creatures in the United States are hunted and tortured as if they were wild beasts, government can scarcely be called democratic. So long as colored people are proscribed, dis criminated against, segregated and despised, ill-will and antipathy will furnish fertilizers of hatred and mur der. WARNS AGAINST RACIAL HATRED. It is so unusual for a Christian minister to preach against racial hat red that THE APPEAL is pleased to note that one minister has the cour age of his convictions. In nis sermon last Sunday, Rev. H. E. Peabody, pastor of the South Con gregational Church, in Chicago, said that racial hatred within the United States *i more dangerous than all Ger mans on*side this country. Dr. Peabody likened the East St Louis massacre to the "atrocities of the unspeakable Turk in Armenia." "The country's perils are not all on the sea and beyond," said Dr. Pea body. "Think of the moral earthquake and volcano that has burst in the midst of the land, in our own state, since last we met. "Who would have believed that a massacre that reminds one of St. Bartholomew's night and of the atroci ties of the unspeakable Turk in Ar menia, could occur among our own fellow-citizens in East St. Louis? "But, beware! The peril is nearer than that. The mutterlngs of the vol cano are felt in Chicago. The. single explosion is not the most significant thing. The race prejudice, contempt and hatred, workingworking be neaththese are the hell belowand they find some lodgment in all our hearts God help us. "There is far more danger to the republic from race hatred within our borders than from all the Germans put together. "Christian citizens of Chicago, think this thing through. Try to make up your mind beforehand what you will & kROM do and say when the earthquake and the volcano shall be around you. Our country Is in dire need of clear heads and stout heartsChristian hearts, both within and without." A LITANY OF ATLANTA. In September, 1906, there was a brutal massacre of colored people at Atlanta, Georgia. Scores of colored men, women and children were mur dered because of their color. Dr. W. E. Burghardt Du Bois wrote the story of the massacre In the form of a litany which appeared in the New York In dependent shortly after its occur rence. It was "done in the day of death." The recent massacre at East St. Louis so resembles the Atlanta mur derfest that we print in this issue Du Bois' "A Litany of Atlanta," by ex press permission of the New York In dependent. Many colored people are advocat ing "self effacement" for the race as the solution of the race problem. The more the race gives the more its enemies will demand. Never willingly relinquish any right. INDICT 105. For Race Riots at East St. Louis. Belleville, 111., Aug. 16.Indictments against 105 persons23 colored men and 82 whitesalleged to be the ring leaders and participants in the East St Louis race riots of July 2, has been returned by the St. Clair County grand jury. i It is known, however, that Cor nelius Hiekey, lieutenant of police of East St. Louis, who was on duty as head of the department the night of the riots, is one of the men held for conspiracy. Six other police officers of East St Louis are named for con spiracy, and some for other alleged crimes in connection with the riots Nine of the indicted men are charged with murder in addition to several other crimes. Eleven art charged with conspiracy, five with arson, thirteen with rioting, twenty six with assault with intent to com mit murder, one with malicious mis chief, two wtih burglary, and one with arson for the purpose of defrauding That a "shrewd, criminal, invisible (hand" directed the preparations made in advance for the rioting the grand Jury asserts is "a grave suspicion." I The jury's recommendations in part are as follows- I It is the belief of the grand jury ,that the indictments include all the I mob leaders. East St. Louis was visited by one of the worst race riots history We believe the riots were deliberatelv plotted Indolent public oflBcials heard the rumblings, but over-awed by cow ardly inclinations, remained inactive A flame of passion and unreasoning violenceall introduced into the com munity by intriguing ringleaders caused white men to shoot and beat to death some of the oldest and most respected colored citizens of East St Louis. We further believe that the hand of a strong &nd fearless public official could have restrained those atrocities. We believe that the riot was caused by a propaganda of intolerance the races were taught to have for each other. Not Consistent (Baltimore (Md.) Commonwealth) President Wilson cannot consistent ly contend for liberty, equality and justice for Belgians, Russians, Poles, French, English and Teutons without conceding justice, liberty and equal ity to ALL citizens of his own coun try. A LITANY OF ATLANTA BY DR. W. E. BURGHARDT DU BOIS IN THE NEW YORK INDEPENDENT lust of power and lust of gold, Great God deliver us I J* From the leagued lying of despot and of brute. Great God defiber us I J A city lay in travail, God our Lord, and from her loins sprang twin Murder and Black Hate. Red was the midnight clang, crack and cry of death and fury filled the air and trembled underneath the stars when church spires pointed silently to Thee. And all this was to sate the greed of greedy men who hide behind the veil of vengeance! Bend us Thine ear, 0 Lord I J J* In the pale, still morning we looked upon the 6tt6, We stopped our ears and held our leaping hands, but theydid they not wag their heads and leer and cry with bloody jaws: Cease from Crime I The word was mockery, for thus they train a hundred crimes while we docure one. Torn again our captivity, 0 Lord J* Behold this maimed and broken thing dear God it was an humble black man who toiled and sweat to save a bit from the pittance paid him. They told him: Work and Rise. He worked. Did this man sin? Nay, but some one told how some one said another didone whom he had never seen nor known. Yet for that man's crime this man lieth maimed and murdered, hts^wife naked to shame, his children, to poverty and evil. Hear us, O heavenly Father! J- J* Doth not this justice of hell stink in Thy nostrils, O God? How long shall the mounting flood of innocent blood roar in Thine ears and pound in our hearts for vengeance? Pile the pale frenzy of blood- crazed brutes who do such deeds high on Thine altar, Jehovah Jireh, and burn it in hell forever and-forever! Forgtbe us, good Lord vje know not vjhat vte say J* Bewildered we are, and passion-tost, mad with the madness of a mobbed and mocked and murdered people straining at the armposts of Thy Throne, we raise our shackled hands and charge Thee, God, by the bones of our stolen fathers, by the tears of out dead mothers, by the very blood of Thy crucified Christ What meaneth this Tell us the Plan give us the Sign! COLORED TROOPS BARRED. Race Prejudice Prevents Soldiers from Being Sent South. _, Washington, D. C, August, 1917. The war department has decided that no colored regiments shall be sent with the national guard training camps in the south. Objections of southern cities to hav ing the northern colored troops sent to training camps in their midst are un derstood to have inspired the new de cision. The fear of race riots, aroused since the riots in East St. Louis and Chester, Pa., and the trouble In south ern towns where colored regulars were stationed was another compelling rea son. Iowa has been considered as a State in which a cantonment site might be obtained for colored troops. A col ored officers' reserve camp is now be ing held at Des Moines. Several Southern representatives have told War Department officials that colored soldiers will be welcomed if they are well disciplined. There are two complete regiments of colored national guardsmen, the Fif teenth New York and the Eighth Illi nois. There are two battalions, one from the District of Columbia and one from Ohio, Connecticut Maryand, Tennessee and Massachusetts furnish four separate companies. *'IN BLOOD-SMEARED GARMENTS" Colored Committee Would Make Riots and Lynchings Federal Crimes. Washington, D. C, August, 1917. A committee representing colored people who had a silent parade in New ork to protest against race riots, left a petition at the White House asking for action by Congress and 'the Presi dent to make "lynching and mob violence" a national crime punishable by the laws of the United States In their petition the colored men pointed out that in the last 31 years 2,867 of their race, men and women, have been lynched, and that less than half a dozen of those involved have been punished The petition also says "no nation that seeks to fight the bat tles of civilization can afford to march in blood-smeared garments." James W Johnson of the N A. A C. P. was the spokesman who ad dressed Secretary Tumulty. The presi dent said he was too busy to see the petitioners. Chicago's Colored Protest. Chicago, 111, Aug 1917. Alleged race discrimination by the war department the handling of colored troops led prominent Chicago colored men to send a strong telegram of protest to Washington. "Reported here," it reads, "the war department has issued orders that no colored national guard regiment shall be allowed to attend training camps in the south because of prejudice of southern people. "We protest against any order by the government based upon race dis crimination Our soldiers have en listed and are being drafted and will fight and die if need be for this coun try and democracy "We demand the same treatment and training for all United States soldiers regardless of race or color Let our government stand for one country, one flag, one duty for all citi zens and for real democracy in our own country as well as for democracy in Europe" Not Wanted Just Now. (From the Cleveland Gazette) Some of our readers do not seem to understand the "If of African descent tear oft* this corner" note on the gov ernment registration cards. A little thought will make it clear, we feel sure "Ham" is not wanted JUST NOW! 1 Iwfoi shTe Selahl J* J* Thy will, O 5sxcss. 5*2^*2' LIBERATION OF ALL PEOPLES. (From the Boston (Mass.) JournalLeading Daily Paper.) Over three weeks ago, on the eve of an anniversary dedicated to the establishment in America o life, liberty and the pursuit of happi- ness, occurred the blackest atrocity in the history of the republic. We venture, after the lapse" of nearly a month, to revert to this outrage of all outrages because (1) The proper authorities have failed to act. 2) The horror is far greater than anyone dreams. (3) The episode may repeat itself. (Note the riots at Chester, Penn., and Youngstown, 0.) In East St. Louis some desultory inquests have been held. No serious effort to apprehend and punish the guilty has been made. The President of the United States, commander-in-chief of the army, members of which were actively and passively engaged in the slaughter, has uttered no word. From tentative reports, which we know to be reliable and will be published in due course of time, we quote the following excerpts "The number of victimsit is openly admitted by all is probably nearly 200. The 37 casualties announced include only those colored shot in the street whose bodies were re- covered. More'than 300 colored homes have been burned, whole blocks where nothing was left, and it is impossible to estimate exactly the number who perished in the flames. One girl was standing at a window of a white woman's house in which she worked. Her arm was shot away. A policeman and a soldier, she said, did the shooting. An old woman, frightfully burned, dying in the hos- pital, was asked if the mob had done it and replied: 'No, they jes' set fire to my house and I burned myself trying to get out.' One of the St. Louis reporters said that he knew exactly how people felt who had seen atrocities abroad and were trying to 'get them across' to the rest of the world, 'although,' he added, 'not even Belgium probably has any- thing quite as horrible to show.' About 10 blocks of colored homes were burned, and the mobs stood outside and shot and stoned those who tried to escape. The mob seized a colored woman's baby and threw it into the fire. The woman was then shot and thrown in." W do not expect all our readers to believe these details. Their gruesomeness strains even our war-hardened credulity, but these and other facts will be fully, attested by various investigations now in progress. The question iswhat are we going to do about it? We are en- gaged in a great war "to make the world safe for democracy In the words of the President, "We fight for the liberation of ail peo- ples We of The Journal believe this. We believe that this is a war to abolish military autocracy and to make the world safeat least from the greatest visible external menacefor the rights and self- government of smaller nations and weaker peoples. To this cause the country is dedicating its young men and its treasure But what about the problem nearer home? Are the colored people in this country, Americans originallynot from choice, but from compulsion excepted from the fine phrases and lofty sentiments of the nation's head? It is no overstatement to say that the East St. Louis massacre is the supreme barbarity of the age Nothing in the European holocaust exceeds, if, indeed, it equals, this unparalleled butchery. Language fails adequately to categorize it. It has infinitely less justification than the shooting of hostages in Belgium and northern France, than the pogroms of old Russia, than the Turk slaughter of Armenians In all these, either war, or ancient religious hate, or the admittedly uncivilized status of the perpetrators extenuated, if it did not excuse the crimes. And this is no foreign problem. To quote again from the eminently applicable words of the President's war message: "The wrongs against which we now array ourselves are not common wrongs, they cut to the very roots of human life." Who is to blame? The fault is not easily apportioned In a certain sense it rests upon all of us Americansas much upon those who peacefully acqui- esce as those who openly encourage the discriminations and the in- justices which have created a situation in this land of freedom and equality which makes our treatment of the colored race the supreme anachronism of civilization. Our handling of the problem represents the nadir the world over in the application of the most elementary principles of Christianity, humanity, decency We repeat the guift rests with all of uson the President? of the United States, on the Negro-hating officials of the South, on the employers of the whole country who refuse employment to qualified and worthy blacks be- cause of their color, on labor union workers who debar a man from earning his bread at their side because of a dusky skin. Common justice and common sense demand an earnest effort at settling this grave problem. And what better time to face this ques- tion honestly and soberly than at a time when this entire nation in- cluding its colored citizenry, is offering its life-blood to make'the world safe for democracy? IT no longer blind, Lord God, deaf to our prayer and dumb to our dumb suffcring. Surely Thou too art not white, O Lord, a pale, bloodless, heartless thing? Ah I phrisi of all the Pities Forgive the thought! Forgive these wild,blasphemous words. Thou art still the God of our black fathers, and in Thy soul's soul sit some soft darkenings of the evening, some shadowings of the velvet night. J* But whisper-speak-call, great God, for Thy silence is white terror to our hearts! The way, O God. show us the way and point us the path. Wblther? North is greed and South is blood within, the toward, and without, the liar. Whither? To death? Amen I Welcome dark sleep I Whither? To life? But not this life, dear God, noat this. the cup pass from us, tempt us not beyond ourG strength, for there is that clamoring and clawing within, to whoseh voice we would not listen, mUSt In yonder East trembles a star. Vengeance is mine I will repay, satth the Lord! sdone!eP hav Lti'r W IeaJia Lord,e bhee Kyrle Eleison! don We Beseech Thee to hear us, gcod Lord! We Beseech Thee to hear us, good Lord I J* Our voices sink in silence and in night Bear us, good Lord! J* J In riighVo God of a godless land! Amenl 7 J* In silence, O Silent God. Selahl wavering words. "X3-&, aLet od A 0 v.