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The Appeal. (Saint Paul, Minn. ;) 1889-19??, October 13, 1917, Image 1

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VOL 33. N O 41
,-*&
ALLIES PREPARE
FOR THEWINTER
Warm Clothing Being Rushed
From Factory and Home
to Men in Trenches.
BIG MOVES NOT LOOKED FOR
Short, Sharp Blows at Selected Pointt
During Fine Spells, With Occa
sional Airplane Raids To Be
Order of Day for Winter.
Paris.Preparations for the fourth
winter campaign on the western front
are already in full swing. The sum
mer campaign Is over, and while both
the English and French may be ex
pected to make a few big drives, it is
not anticipated that the beginning of
winter, for military purposes, will see
any radical alteration in the war map
Of France and Flanders.
Millions of sweaters, socks, paper
suits, rubber Wellington boots, head
wraps, mufflers, gloves and mittens
are beginning to flow out from fac
tory and home to the French poilus
and British Tommies, hundreds of
thousands of wliom are facing their
fourth winter period-in the trenches.
The comfort of the fighting man is
so carefully studied now, after three
years' experience, that nothing will be
overlooked to make the coming harsh
trial bearable.
Practically all the way from Nieu
port to Verdun the armies are in quar
ters totally different from those they
occupied last winter with the excep
tion of one or two stretches as
around La Bassee and the Argonne
the French and British are stationed in
captured German lines. Throughout
the spring and summer the men have
shown little inclination to dig, feeling
that in view of the possibility of a
further move forward, just enough
shelter was good enough for the time
being. Turning over earth has never
appealed to any infantry in this war,
but necessity is likely to force them to
do a lot of it in order to provide them
selves with snug and well-drained
trenches for the winter.
Little Change in Line.
Until next spring the western line
is not likely to vary to any great ex
tent, unless the totally unexpected
happens. High winds, morning and
evening mists, snow flurries and rain
will limit the usefulness of the air
plane and diminish the enormous help
it gives nowadays in every big offen
sive. The machines are capable of per
forming wonders in any weather short
of a hurricane, and there will be plen
ty of aerial activity, especially bomb
ing raids, right through the worst
months but poor visibility will make
co-operation with the gun batteries dif
ficult, the more so as the Germans*
latest type of "ArcMbald," or anti-air
craft gun, enforces respect and com
pels pilots to fly high.
In these circumstances big sweep
ing moves are not looked for, but rath- I
er a repetition on a more intensive
scale of last winter's tactics. Short,
sharp blows at selected points during i
n 4.1 i i
.gthemng out to close-up rest sta
+iJTH \*A^A0
niM*
i...w ^TOo,^*
tions, hundreds of airplaneJ swarming /nr\,ty,
out to attack encampments, aviation 1
sheds, munition dumps and lines of
communicationthese will be the reg
ular order of the day throughout the
winter. The enemy will be kept on
the jump all the time, great gaps will
be torn in his dwindling reserves and
every possible step taken, first to pre
vent his ever again assuming the inl
tiatlve upon the western front, and, I
secondly, to weaken him Irreparably
for the final knockout blow in 1918.
The part the American~contingenta
will play in the winter's activity is
the closest of all military secrets at
this time. There is nothing that Hin
denburg is burning to know so much
as just what Pershing^s plans are, and
there is nothing that Pershing is more
bent upon doing than keeping the
slightest hint from Hindenburg.
Prudence the Motto.
(But while no light can be shed at
this stage upon the plans of the Amer
ican commander in chief, I am able to
give this assurance, that prudence is
U-BOATS NOW EMPLOY
SMOKE SCREEN DEVICE
New York.New German de
vices for aiding U-boat frightful
ness are reported by passengers
on an American liner just ar
rived in port from England.
One is the use of a smoke
screen in which the submarine
may conceal itself while attack
ing, escaping or submerging.
The smoke screen has been used
for months by battleships, de
stroyers and merchantmen. Its
first use by a submarine was re
ported in the warnings of a U
boat off the Atlantic coast.
The-other device is the Use of
mirrored periscopes. By coat
ing them with sliver the peri
r-sepes reject, the surrounding
Water and -become-"invisible a
couple of hundred yards awfey.
It is believed this explains why
survivors of several ships lately
sunk saw no evidence of a sub
marine before or after the at
tack
'SSJi'^Asi.SA-J
^f*rC^.
m^ motto, that he will never cons* nt
to play to the gallery as even the best
generals are sometimes tempted to 4o.
It is Haig's great merit that he bides
his time and only strikes when he is
able to strike in real earnest. Persh
ing resembles the British leader in this
respect, and Europe has had enough
war experience to know that these
are the men whqv
Washingtoni,is
:%*&M'
get the real results
at the least possible cost in lives, and
that though they have little to show'on
the war map, they are steadily, per
sistently, relentlessly wearing down
the toughest foe that ever took the
field.
What can be said, however, without
giving any information to the enemy is
that here in France Americans will
co-operate throughout the winter in
the gigantic task-of preparing-for the
death blow. The details cannot be
discussed, but the ground has been
cleared for a colossal amount of work,
embracing all branches that go to
make' for the efficient operation of a
modern war machine, and a big share
will be taken over during the bad
weather by Americans, not only fn
the United States, but also in France.
And this quite aside from the training
of the fighting men and the education
of the officers in the latest phases of
warfare.
The result of all this activity will
be that next spring the entente allies
will possess a supereminent war ma
chine, gunned, manned and equipped
in an unprecedentedly complete and
magnificent manner. It was correct to
say last winter that in 1917 the entente
allies would develop a striking force
which could not be exceeded in 1918
if the war continued. But at that
time the interventiori^of the United
States was only a dim possibility the
revolution in Russia and the collapse
of her army were foreseen by nobody.
Tough Problem for Enemy.
As the situation stands at present,
with the United States adding her
mighty power to the common lot, and
with a still unextinguished hope that
the Muscovites may be brought back
to their old aggressive fighting, men
belonging to the inner circles of Eur
rope affirm their belief that the entente
allies will be able to confront Hinden
burg with a far harsher problem.in
1918 than they could have hoped to
put up to him in 1917.
Next spring the British army will
still be at top strength, for in the past
summer Haig has put forth nothing
like his maximum effort, and in con
sequence has suffered losses far below
the figures anticipated at the British
war office. When it was seen that the
Russian Army must drop out of all
offensive plans this summer and that
Germany would be able to develop an
unexpected strength upon the western
front, the Franco-British policy natur
ally became more conservative. The
building up of the American armies
has confirmed the wisdom of this
course, which looks to the accumula
tion of an Irresistible power before the
last continuous, annihilating blows are
delivered upon all possible fronts.
"TRUST US," SAY BRITISH
War Does Not Make Englishmen Un
derstand American Colloquialisms
Any Better Than Before.
Washington.Evidently the war has
not made the English understand
American colloquialisms any bette
tna
fine spells a continual battering on Englishmen are merely lacking a
wide fronts by concentrated gtm fire
seng
heretoforeo some particular
xxraBMnotnn 5 TOJ
smiling a
lios
MnUn
official*
smile
,ui*.n i (whic the diplomatic way of eon
^fl^x) i cealing undue mirth over a little in
cident that occurred in Hampton Roads
the other day, when Secretary Baker
v#as on an inspection trip. .He crossed
from one camp to another when a
British cruiser, lying near by, sig
nalled:
"Who is that going ashore flying an
official flag?"
"The secretary of war," was the
answer.
"Thank you," said the Britisher.
"Don't mention it," replied our cour
teous bluejackets.
That ended it until one of our sail
ors saw -the British wig-wagging furi
ously.^ He read the signal.
"Trust us," the British were saying,
"we'll never mention it to a soul."
GUILTY FLEE, NONE PURSUE
Two Abandon Auto and Whisky in
South Dakota When Conscience
Stricken.
Sioux Falls, S. D.A combination of
guilty conscience and booze resulted in
the Lincoln county authorities captur
ing an automobile which had been
abandoned by the owner. In the auto
mobile was found a quantity of liquor,
which the driver of the car had smug
gled into South Dakota, in violation of
the state-wide prohibition law.
Worth Feldman was trying out a
new motorcycle behind the automobile.
The occupants mistook him for an oflP
cer, stopped the car and fled.
The machine bearing an Iowa license
number was confiscated.
GERMAN TOYMAKERS LONELY
Send Notes With Wares Asking Buy
ers to WriteFound by
Teachers.
-"vlrglnla, Minn.Love notes are be
ing found by Virginia kindergarten
teachers in toys made in Pittsburgh
factories. The toymakers give their
names and addresses and implore
"some friendly person" to write. None
of the teachers here has confessed that
she has responded. -Most of the names
signed to the notes are German and
ihe writers apparently feel a social
Isolation where thej
live
IDS? *i*,
m*
NEW DEVICES CUT
TOLL OF U-BOATS
Admiral Benson Tells of Meth
ods Adopted to Foil
Submarines.
EDISON INVENTION IN USE
Smoke Bombs and Smoke Screens
Are Proving EffectiveCamou
flage Employed to Surpris
ing Extent.
Washington. An encouraging ac
count of the success of the devices
being used by. American ships as a
means of escaping or destroying Ger
man submarines is
giyen by Admiral
Benson, chief of operations of the navy
Several of the methods under trial at
present, one of them the Invention of
Thomas A. Edison, the admiral regard
ed as inadvisable to describe, but he
discussed without reserve the devices
In general use on merchant ships and
naval vessels.
It was admitted that the naval con
voy furnished the most effective safe
guard against the submarine. Admiral
Benson thought that the number off
convoyed ships sunk was even less
than the average up to a month ago,
when it was estimated that only one
half of 1 per cent fell victim to the
submarine. The impossibility of con
voying more than a small per cent of
the merchant fleet leaving American
shores, however, has made necessary
the adoption of other protective meas
ures.
Devices Employed.
Among those most in use on mer
chant ships, the admiral said, were
"smoke bombs" and smoke screens.
Camouflage also is being employed to
a surprising extent, but particularly
on naval vessels. The smoke bombs
are merely containers filled with chem
icals which when cast overboard
throw off a dense black smoke, obscur
ing the ship from an attacking subma
rine.
A great^variety of experiments in
camouflage have been tried on naval
vessels. They have been painted ev
ery hue of the rainbow that might
tend to merge the hlp In Itsrifock-"
ground and make it indistinguishable
to investigating periscopes. Admiral
Benson said many of these devices had
been demonstrated to be of great
merit. Warships, too, are equipped
with detectors which indicate the prox
imity of other ships.
More and more of. the merchant
ships, of course, are being armed so as
to be able to give a good account of
themselves in encounters with the
U-boats, and experiments constantly
are going on in the navy to improve
the weapons of offense employed
against the submarine. A special en
deavor Is being made to perfect the
operation of depth charges so that it
may be possible more frequently to
"pot" the U-boats as they submerge
or as they run along with only their
periscopes showing.
Balloons are employed on the "ships
for observation purposes, but their use
Is not at all new.
It was said today, in contradiction
of a recent interesting story, that no
invention had been perfected in the
United States navy which would en
able an attacked ship to deflect th
course of a torpedo once It was fired.
This report, according to Admiral Ben
son, had no foundation whatever.
Bigger Submarines.
Another report which has been mak
ing the rounds is that German sub
marines recently" have been making it
a practice of sparing all passenger
ships they encounter. The only basis
for this belief, it was said, is the fact
that fewer passenger ships have been
sunk. They have been attacked, how
ever, but in most cases have escaped.
There have been no'German subma
rines near the American coast since
this nation entered the war, so far as
the navy department has learned. A
submarine has been sighted nearly in
mid-Atlantic, but that is the nearest
approach one is known to havermade.
The navy department has evidence
that Germany is increasing the size of
her submarines nearly to the propor
tion of small cruisers. This evidence
was obtained by ocular observation, in
part, and also from the fact that the
submarines now are mounting guns of
nearly six inches in bore. Fragments
of shells falling on merchant ships
have disclosed the size of the guns.
feii,l,,l,i,,l.,t|,,l.,i,.i,.li,ii,i,i|i.,|A,4 ,H
HAS PERFECT BRAIN I
BECOMES AN AVIATOR I
Boston.Thomas James Aber-"
nethy of West Pembroke, Me.,|
whom the late Professor Muen
sterberg found to be mentally
perfect, is one of 999 New Eng- T^
land candidates selected for^in
struction as aviators. He heads
the listbut it Is arranged al
phabetically. $
f..fif.if.f^^..^^^.|.^..|..|.,|.^..||ll|r^|
Anomalies of War Prices,^
Kansas City.It is a rather extraor
dinary fact that in some parts of the
Southwest wheat is fed to hogs, being
cheaper than cornwhich is now $2.05
a bushel, and scarce at that. This prac
tice is not general, however, as there
Is a sentiment against using wheat for
f2^
ST. PAUL AM) MINNEAPOLIS. MINN. SATURDAY OCTOBE 13', M7
HELPS REp CROSS.
Miss Margaret Wilson, daughter of
President Wilson, who has aided the
Red Cross funds by singing at many
entertainments. BIG PAY FOR STEEL WORKERS
Some Workmen in the Industry Draw
as High as $800 a
Month.?
Youngstown.Higher wages than
ever known before in the steel industry
are being paid workers in local steel
mills. Some workmen make as much
as $800 monthly. This is due to the
sliding scale of wages, based on the
selling prices of. steel,, ^oj^ sheet and,
tin plate workmen under the Amal
gamated association ruling.
Tremendous profits followed in the
wake of the declaration of the Euro
pean war. The highest wages go to
the "rollers." Heaters, roughers and
other workmen receive corresponding
ly high wages.
It is not uncommon for laborers to
get from $12 to $15 a day. In some
cases,\from $5 to $6 daily is made by
unskilled workmen after a few weeks*
experience.
TRY TO LIVE ON $5 A WEEK
Two Sisters Collapse After Attempt
to Exist on Earnings of
Third.
Brooklyn.After an attempt of three
sisters to live on $5 a week, in Brook
lyn, N. Y two of them collapsed from
starvation and their case was brought
to the attention of the authorities.
Edna, Anna and Eleanor Williams
were the devoted sisters who made the,
attempt.
The trio went to Brooklyn after
their parents died two months ago.
Edna was ill and Anna remained at
home to care for her. Eleanor worked
in a store, earning $7 a week. Of
this amount $2 went fOTL rent and $5
was all there was left for living ex
penses.
GERMAN CHANCELLOR'S
SON A FARM LABORER
Berlin.Willy Michaelis, the
youngest son of the new Ger
man chancellor, is working as a
common laborer on a large farm
in Langmeil, near Gruenberg, in
Silesia. The young, man is a
student of one of the Berlin high
schools. When the summer va
cation began in July he offered
his services for the harvest with
thousands of other pupils, and
was sent to Silesia, where he
works hard every day from four
o'clock in the morning until eight
o'clock at night. After the har
vest he will, of course, return to
school. Passengers Brave Sea's Perils.
An Atlantic PortAn American pas
senger steamer In the coastwise serv
ice went aground- in a shoal off the
New England coast, but was floated,
apparently uninjured, after_ eight
hours. The passengers and crew re-.
mained on board.
U. 8. Needs Stenographers.
Washington.The government is in
urgent need of stenographers and type
writers. This fact is made known in
a circular letter sent by Dr. A. Howard
Shaw of the woman's committee of the
council of national defense to the
chairmen of the state divisions.
Requisitions Space on Alt Vessels.
I^Paris.President Poincare at a cabi
net meeting signed a decree providing
for the requisitioning of cargo accom
modations on all vesselsFrench, aK
lied and neutralfor the service of the!
government.
BOND S OR
Which?
IF
THE Germans should win this war, the
fate of your home would be the fate of
those of Belgium.
You would have no choice as to what
would be done with your money. It would
be taken from you by force.
Today your boy, who is prepared to give
his life to save your home, is looking to you
for the money which will buy the bullets
with which he will make his fight
Buying a Liberty Bond is not giving money to the
Government. It is loaning money, every cent of which
will be returned to you with interest. Liberty Loan
Bonds are backed by all of the resources of the richest
government in the workL
The second Liberty Bondissue isfor $3,000,000,000.
The share of every American family is $150. The
Government pays you 4% interest, half of which is
payable November 15th and half May 15th of each
year.
Ifr before the end of the war, there should be
another bond issue at a rate higherthanA% your bond
will pay the higher rate from then on.
Allwhobought thefirstLiberty Loan Bondsat
ZV2%
may now convert them into 4% bonds.
Liberty Bonds are as marketable as wheat. You
can go to any bank at anyjame and get your money
for them.
Liberty Bonds are in denominations of $50 and up.
In this issue all purchases of $5000 or less are tax
exempt.
Buy your Liberty Bonds now. October 27th is the
last day subscriptions will be received in Wash-
in gtori.
Don't wait for someone to ask you to buy a
bond. Go at once to your nearest bank or post
office. Your neighbors and your friends are
watching you. They are depending uponyou to
do your share.
Federal Reserve Bank
of Minneapolis
Fiscal Agents of the United States Governmentin
Minnesota,NorthDakota, SouthDakota, Montana,
Northern Wisconsin and Upper Michigan
$2.40 PEE YEAB.

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