Newspaper Page Text
War DepartmenFPrepares Plans
to Enforce the Most
SOME USE .FOR EVERYTHING
Effect of New Plan Is to Turn Into
Large Profit What Hitherto Has
Bean a Vary P.hii^ hl.
Washington.The war department
has taken elaborate and comprehen
sive precautions to prevent waste In
the army cantonments, which will soon
contain more than 2,000,000 men, and
in the embarkation camps. In the
feeding of the mep waste will be mini
mized through the fact that the food
will be prepared under the direction
of mess cooks, who will be trained by
special courses in army cooking
The officers' training camps have not
been under the control of the war de
partment so far as the food supplies
are concerned, and the waste in those
camps has been due to the lack of
skilled management in the handling
of food. A committee representing the
war department and the United States
food administration will also assist in
dealing with problems of eliminating
The food administration has re
ceived from the secretary of war an
announcement of a thorough-going
plan for conserving all the waste ma
terial of the National army camps,
which will result in salvaging many
thousands of dollars.
Collecting the Waste.
The army's first consideration In
planning this work has been the sani
tary and hygienic problem. At each
cantonment the wastes will be collect
ed and transported to a single "trans
fer station" under the direction of the
sanitary inspector. Through the use
of the two-can system, wastes will be
tightly enclosed throughout their col
lection. Sterilized cans will be sub
stituted for the filled cans at the
kitchens, the nuisance of disagreeable
odors and danger from flies being re
duced to a minimum. Every step in
the process of reclamation and utiliza
tion is carefully safeguarded and is
tinder the absolute direction of a san
itary force, each contractor being
placed under heavy bonds.
At the transfer station, the wastes
are turned over to a contractor, who
will remove them to a point at least
three miles distant from the reserva
tion. There the wastes will be com
pletely sorted. Bottles will be ster
ilized and sold for commercial use. Tin
cans will be baled and the solder, tin
and iron reclaimed. Paper, which is
estimated about five tons per day, will
be baled. Bones will be kept separate
and ground for fertilizer. The hides
of dead animals will be removed and
the carcasses "reduced" for grease and
The chief items of waste will be the
garbage and the manure. It is esti
mated that there are 1,200 animals at
inch cantonment, producing 120 tons
manure per day. At the date of
the report the manure from 11 can
tonments had been sold for $240,900
Big- Saving Through Garbage.
The greatest element of saving Is
through the garbage. This has been
sold for an annual price of .$446,-
394.57. The garbage from 13 of the
cantonments will be used for feeding
swine. It is estimated on the basis of
experiments conducted at the Chilli
cothe cantonment, that the garbage
waste from 10 to 15 men will feed one
hog and enable it to add to its weight
one pound per day. At this rate, the
garbage from these 13 cantonments
will produce 18,980,000 pounds of pork
When not used for feeding, the gar
bage will be "reduced," that is, cooked
at high temperature", the grease ex
tracted, and the remainder ground and
used for fertilizer or feeds.
By the method of incineration for
merly in use, not only would all these
valuable waste materials have been
destroyed, but it would have cost ap
proximately $700,000 for the installa
tion of incinerator plants and an an
nual charge of approximately $595,000
for their operation. When we add to
this saving the amount annually re
ceived by the government from these
wastes, the net saving the first year
amounts to $1,707,840.
The effect of thts new plan, there
fore, is not only to conserve large
quantities of valuable food wastes, fer
tilizers, etc., but to turn Into a large
profit what has hitherto been a very
Germans Deceive Chinese.
New York.German propagandists
^ept the Chinese from knowing the
truth about the war for more than a
year, said Dr. J. Preston Maxwell, head
of the Yungchun Hospital of the Eng
lish Presbyterian church, Amoy.
"They were told that Paris had fall-
en," he said, "and that England had
-be Jnvaded by a great army which
had London its grasp.
"The climax was the \flatmnoement
of the German peace terms. Over
night the walls of many places were
placarded with these terms printed in
Chinese characters. They were cer
tainly wonderful terms with Germany
letting all the best of it*'
In business, fortunes are not realized
Unless your goods are amply advertised.
VOL 33. N O 42
TO STOP WAST!
IN ARMY CAMPS
j^H ^y- .--u inu
New York.The loss of his left arm
and left leg did not prevent Ludger
Gagne, Jr.. of 20 Wesland avenue.
Boston, from being an expert swim
mer or from saving Miss Louise King
of 25 Salem street, Winchester, Mass.,
from drowning at Revere Beach last
summer and eventually winning her for
When twelve years old, just half his
present age, Gagne's swimming and
diving records were considered marvel
ous. Then he fell beneath the wheels
of a train and lost a leg and an arm.
After his wounds had healed and al
though Boston harbor was full of
whitecaps and storm signals were set
he swam without trouble to Boston
light, six miles out.
Gagne was talking to a life guard at
Revere Beach last summer when cries
for help came from the water. A girl
was struggling a considerable distance
from shore. Gagne reached the girl
first She was Miss King.
Gagne and Miss King became en
gaged. Her parents favored the match,
but advised the young couple to wait
until Louise was twenty-one. They
vetoed the suggestion, however, and
were married by Deputy City Clerk
Cruise in the municipal building chap
el, this city.
MAY GO TO THE FRONT
They Are to Be Drilled In Tactics
by the Warden In the State
Lincoln, Neb.The state penitentiary
is to be turned into a military garrison
for a part of each day, and the state's
prisoners will become soldiers If nec
essary. Warden Fenton has decided
on military drill for practically all the
convicts as soon as sham wooden guns
can be made. Prison Secretary O'Con
nell, a member of the First Nebraska
regiment in the Spanish-American war.
will be drMmaster in chief.
Should the war with Germany reach
such a stage as to become a drain on
the citizens of the country Warden
Fenton believes the younger prison in
mates may be called to the front. He
says he, is adopting the military drill
as one of preparedness.
The warden will himself take the
training with his charges, and if the
convicts are summoned to war he will
offer his services. He is popular with
the men, and they say they would want
no better leader. Many have expressed
their eagerness to enlistthree-quar
ters of themthe prison authorities
say. There are about twenty former
soldiers and sailors in the prison, and
these are expected to act as aids to
Secretary O'Connell in teaching the
war game. The warden says he will
see to It that the men lack nothing in
He has issued a call to the three
cooks in the prison that they show
their patriotism by complying with the
request of President Wilson with re
spect to wasting of foods. The peni
tentiary farm is to be enlarged mate
HOARDING IS UNPATRIOTIC.
Boston Man Says Those Who Lay Up
Food Are Traitors.
Boston.Henry B. Endicott, execu
tive manager of the Massachusetts
committee on public safety, issued a
statement asserting that the person
who hoarded money and large quan
tities of provisions for an indefinite
period "should be pointed out as a
traitor to his country and to his fellow
"Certainly nothing could be further
from patriotism or helpfulness to other
people," he said, "than for a set of men
who have money and credit to selfishly
purchase an unusual amount of sup
plies for themselves and by so doing
inflict upon their less wealthy neigh
bors the burden of unnecessarily high
Food Grown Along Railroads.
Durham, N. Vegetable gardens
bordering the railroad tracks is a new
idea in North Carolina to add to Amer
ica's food supply in the world war. The
Durham and Southern railway, owned
principally by the Dukes, wealthy New
York tobacconists, has offered its right
of way for planting, it has further
more offered free seed to encourage the
growers. fr -fr 4. 4.4.4, 4, 4. 4, 4.
FINDS WEDDING RING
LOST FOR SEVEN YEARS
Wilmington, Del. It is not
only the proverbial bad penny
that frequently turns up, as is
proved by the case of a long lost
wedding ring. Seven years ago
Mrs. Frank Carey df 1802 Gilpin
avenue lost her wedding ring in
the yard of the house in which
she was then living. Recently
it was returned to her by the
present occupant of the house,
4* wTio discovered it while planting 4
4 flowers. 4.
HERO lyilNUS LEG AND ARM
SAVES GIRL, WINS A BRIDE
Maimed Expert Swimmer Snatches
Miee King Prom the Surf.
i' Minnesota \|vu.^-^^w*^
HOW SHALL WE
A Constructive Criticism on tiie
House Revenue Bill.
LOANS BETTER THAN TAXES
Five Reasons Why Excessive Taxes at
the Outset of War Are Disadvantage-
ousGreat Britain Example Worthy
of EmulationHow the Taxes Should
By EDWIN R. A. SELIGMAN,.
McVickar Professor of Political Econ
omy, Columbia University.
On May 23, 1917, the House of Rep
resentatives passed an act "to provide
revenue to defray war expenses and
for other purposes." In the original
bill as presented by the Committee of
Ways and Means, the additional reve
nue to be derived was estimated at $1,-
810,420,000. The amendment to the in
come tax, which was tacked on to the
bill during the discussion in the House,
was expected to yield another $40,000,-
000 or $50,000,000.
In discussing the House bill, two
I. How much should be raised by
II. In what manner should this sum
I. How Much Should Be Raised by
How was the figure of'$1,800,000,000
arrived at? The answer is simple. When
the Secretary of the Treasury came to
estimate the additional war expenses
for the year 1917-18, he calculated that
they would amount to some $6,600,-
000,000, of which $3,000,000,000 was to
be allotted to the allies, and $3,000,-
000,000 was to be utilized for the do
mestic purposes. Thinking that it
would be a fair proposition to divide
this latter sum between loans and
taxes, he concluded that the amount
to be raised by taxes was $1,800,000.-
There are two extreme theories, each
of which may be dismissed with scant
courtesy. The one is that all war ex
penditures should be defrayed by loans,
and the other is that all war expendi
tures should be defrayed by taxes.
Each theory is untenable.
It Is indeed true that the burdens of
the war should be borne by the pres
ent rather than the future generation
but this does not mean that they should
be borne by this year's taxation.
Meeting all war expenses by taxation
makes the taxpayers in one or two
years bear the burden of benefits that
ought to be distributed at least over a
decade within the same generation.
In the second place, when expendi
tures approach the gigantic sums of
present-day warfare, the tax-only pol
icy would require more than the total
surplus of social income. Were this
absolutely necessary, the ensuing hav
oc in the economic life of the comniv i
ty would have to be endured. But
where the disasters are so great and
at the same time so unnecessary, the
tax-only policy may be declared im
Secretary McAdoo had the right in
stinct and highly commendable cour
age in deciding that a substantial por-.
tion, at least, of the revenues should
be derived from taxation. But when
he hit upon the plan of 50-50 per cent.,
that is, of raising one-half of all do
mestic war expenditures by taxes, the
question arises whether he did not go
The relative proportion of loans to
.taxes is after all a purely business
reposition. Not to rely to a large ex
tent on loans at the outset of a war is
Disadvantages of Excessive Taxes.
The disadvantages of excessive taxes
at the outset of the war are as follows:
1. Excessive taxes on consumption
will cause popular resentment.
2. Excessive taxes on industry will
disarrange business, damp enthusiasm
and restrict the spirit of enterprise at
the very time when the opposite is
3. Excessive taxes on incomes will de
plete the surplus available for invest
ments and interfere with the placing of
the enormous loans which will be neces
sary in any event.
4. Excessive taxes on wealth will
cause a serious diminution of the in
comes which are at present largely
drawn upon for.the support of educa
tional and philanthropic enterprises.
Moreover, these sources of support
would be dried up precisely at the time
when the need would be greatest.
5. Excessive taxation at the outset of
the war will reduce the elasticity avail*
able for the increasing demands that
are soon to come.
Great Britain's Policy.
Take Great Britain as an example.
During the first" year of the war she
increased taxes only slightly, in order
to keep industries going at top notch.
During the second year she raised by
new taxes only 9 per cent, of her war
expenditures.- During the third year
she levied by additional taxes (over
and above the pre-war level) only
slightly more than 17 per cent, of her
If we should attempt to do as, much
in the first year of the war as Great
Britain did in the third year it would
suffice to raise by taxation $1,250,000.-
000. If, in order to be absolutely on
the safe side, it seemed advisable to
increase the sum to $1,500,000,000, this
should, in our opinion, be the maxi
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ST. PAUL AK MISMAPOLB. IIINN.. SATURDAY. OCTOBE 20, IM7.
RABBIT SAUSAGE IS LATEST
Farmers' Wives in Oklahoma Are Ad
vised to Turn Pest to
Oklahoma City, Okla.Jack rabbit
sausage will be a new delicacy in Okla
homa as a result of the war. In fact
a few farmers in the-mrestern part of
the state last winter found a substi
tute as palatable as the real article.
At a meeting of farmers' wives in
Kioka county, Mrs. Ida' Gregory, coun
ty woman agent, diseased the efficacy
of canning soy beans. One woman sug
gested that the beans, were hard to
raise owing to the raids of rabbits.
This objection was quickly discounted
by another woman, who exclaimed:
"Keep the ralfbitsiSray until your
beans area foot high then get a shot
gun and let them come. Last year we
had jack rabbit sausage the season
through. By mixing a bit of pork the
sausage really is better than that ma'a'e
entirely from pork." i-
STEAL MORE CHINESE SEALS
Prominent Official of the Republic Dis
appears With the Presidential
Peking.Peking is much agitated
over the disappearance of official seals.
When President LI Yuan-hung was
forced to give up the presidency, Gen
Ting-Kwan, the keeper of the presi
dential seals, took them to Shanghai.
Another prominent official has now dis
appeared with the seals of the house
of representatives. jWhen the at
tempt at monarchial restoration had
been defeated and Premier Tuan Chi
jui declared the republic had been re
stored, there was much consternation
because of the disappearance of the
seals of the republic. Gen. Ting Kwan
was arrested in Shanghai, and after a
hard legal struggle was brought back
to Peking, together .with the missing
presidential seals, and is to have a
hearing before a Chinese court.
SCORNED, MAKES SPY CHARGE
Widow Proves Undoing of Kampman,
Formerly in German Consulate
Los Angeles.A scorned woman and
an elderly one at thatproved the un
doing of Dr. -Maximilian Kampman,
aged only twenty-eigh):, formerly of
the German consulate in Chicago, who
was arrested here on a presidential
warrant as a German spj^ At least so
declared Dr. A. S. Ash of Los Angeles.
"A year and a half ago Doctor Kamp
man was treating a widow," said Doc
tor Ash. "He took a great deal of in
terest In trying to restore her health
so much so that it seemed she became
infatuated with him. He tried to wave
her aside, but in vain."
WORKS FOR LIBERTY LOAN
A striking example of'the value of
women in helping America in the great
fight is Miss Antoinette Funk, a mem
ber*of the woman's committee of the
council of national defense.
The photograph shows her hard at
work in her office in the treasury build
ing where she is doing wonderful work
in the interests of the Liberty loan.
She is executive vice-chairman of the
women's Liberty loan committee, of
which Mrs. McAdoo is the chairman.
She was asked to take the post by Sec
retary McAdoo because of her powers
of logical appeal, her ability as a
speaker and her untiring activity In
any work connected with the great
cause for which America is fighting.
Health of Dr. Michaelis Bad.
Amsterdam.A Berlin telegram to
the Kheinlsche Westfalische Zeitung
of Essen sajs that the state of health
of the German chancellor, Doctor
Michaelis, 'leaves very much to be de
1^ ^?'f" tr":-^^
^IfetL^ ^sC^^-'f-*^' ^W^^^s^^^^^^
Will you stand back of him?
Buy a Liberty Bond so there
will be plenty of shells to pro
vide a curtain of fire behind
which he may advance.
Buy a Liberty Bond so he
may have good food, warm
blankets, clothing andthoes.
Buying a Liberty Bond does
not mean giving your money.
It means loaning your money
and receiving every cent of it
back with 4% interest.
Liberty Bonds are backed
by all of the resources of the
richest government in the
world and are the safest in
vestment man lias ever known.
Purchases of Liberty Bonds
up to $5000 are exempt from
"VTOUR boy is leaving to fight for you at the battle
front. He is leaving father and mother, wife
and friends. He is giving all that he has to give.
He is giving it for youyour lifeyour freedom
your libertyyour Americal
BUY YOUR BOND NOW!
12.40 PER TEAK.
Liberty Bonds may be pur
chased in any amounts in
units of $50. The share of
every American family on the
Second Liberty Bond issue is
$150. This makes $250 for
the two issues.
You can buy Liberty Bonds
on easy payments as follows:
$2.00 18.00 40.00
Plus accrued interest to b
settled with final payment
Don't wait for someone to
ask you to buy a bond. Go at
once to your nearest bank,
post office or department store
If you do not furnish
your troops with the
sinews of war, and there
by allow the German ar
mies to conquer, the fate
of your home will be that
of the homes of Belgium,
and your money will be
taken from you by force.
Today you have a choice
between this awful condi
tion and an opportunity
to live in peace and Liber
ty in a prosperous nation.
If you do not act today it
may be too late.
Fiscal Agents tha United States
Government in Minnesota, Nona
Dakota, South Dakota, Montana,
Northern Wisconsin and Upper