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March 3. 1879.
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John Stuart Mill.
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1919.
JOBS IN U. S. SERVICE OPEN.
Permanent employment in the gov
ernment service and immediate rein
statement in the federal civil service
of men who served in the army and
navy is announced in a bulletin issued
by the federal civil service commis
sion at Washington. In expectation of
the mustering out of thousands of for
mer government employes from the
military and naval service who will be
seeking reinstatement in the govern
ment service the federal civil service
commission obtained an executive or
der by the president providing for the
reinstatement at any time within five
years of discharge of any person leav
ing the classified civil service to enselves,
gage in the military or naval service
of the country.
Under the president's ruling it will
not be necessary for the applicant to
be reinstated in his former position,
but anywhere in the civil service, pro
vided that at the time of reinstate
ment he has the required fitness to
perform the duties of the position to
which reinstatement is sought.
A long list of occupational opportu
nities for employment in federal pub
lic works is contained in the bulletin.
Application should be filed directly
with the labor board at all govern
THE REPRESENTATIVES IN
There has been some misconcep
tion as to the functions of the repre
sentatives elected by the National
Colored Congress which met in
Washington in December, to go to
France and present the case of the
colored American to the world, dur
ing the sessions of the Peace Con
These people have no official status
whatever, and no one connected with
the congress has, so far as we know,
made any such claim, certainly the
convention at its-meeting did not.
They are not in any sense "dele
gates" and have no such standing.
They can not attend the meetings of
the Peace Conference. That ought
to 'be clear to everyone who is at all
well informed about the questions of
As THE APPEAL understands the
Moton's Advice To Soldiers
TUSKEGEE'S NEW PRINCIPAL TELLS BRAVE WARRIORS
NOT TO RESIST OLD CONDITIONS ON RETURN
Sourthern Newspapers In Paris Praise Unwanted Suggestions To Black
Troopers as to Their Conduct on Returning Home
Moton's Special Mission Explained
matter, the representatives are to go
to France and use their moral in
fluence to aid in the abolition of the
color line in all the world. Neces
sarily they must work through the
delegates of the United States and
other nations which have regularly
accredited delegates. That is all
that they can do. The congress un
derstood that and the representatives
understand their limitations.
However, the representatives may
possibly be able to do some very ef
fective work. They may tell the
world of the utterly undemocratic
treatment of the colored people in
the U. S. A., and they may add their
voice, even if it is a feeble one, to
the general demand of the Colored
World for the abolition of all dis
criminations based on color, creed or
sex, and may really aid in the realiza
tion of liberty, fraternity and equal
ity for all men.
Just what the proposed "League
of Nations" will be no man knows
no one knows just how far it will in
terfere with the internal questions
of the various nations, but with Ja
pan, one of the great powers, and
China, Haiti, and Liberia, all colored
nations, and with Brazil and other
countries with large colored popula
tions, and India and South Africa
represented, certain broad principles
against color autocracy may be laid
down. Who knows?
The American colored representa
tives can not hope to get seats at the
peace table, or even enter the con
ference, but they can stay outside
and LOBBY FOR LIBERTY.
(From the New York News.) that he "emphasized" the fact that tho
Paris, Jan.Dr. Robert R. Moton, colored soldiers should return "mod-
who came here to France on a "spe- est and unassuming." This advice
cial" mission, made a trip, via automo- given by Dr. Moton appeared to in-
bile, to two or three point? where terest these two American newsna-
have been mobilized colored soldiers, pers published in Paris and it is ae
He made an
The meeting of the Colored Liberty
Congress at Washington, D. rewhich
cently, brings to mind the old adage,
"Eternal Vigilance is the Price of
Liberty." Many people seem to have
forgotten this old and trite saying.
The colored people who are not only
surrounded by enemies who are try
ing to undo them and filch from them
their rights as Americans, should re
member that there is a far more sini
ster and unprincipled foe within.
It is the foe within which is more
dangerous than the foe without, whose
moves are usually open and above
board. On the contrary the foe within
is a rank coward, a lickspittle and a
sneak, and often spreads his poison
when no one of the race is near.
A large number of the "negroes"
as they almost invariably call them
who solicit money for segre
gated schools and other institutions
are traitors of the deepest dye. Ad
mitted, grinning, to the private office
of some white philanthropist, in order
to reach his pocket-book, they belittle
the colored people and tell him that
the race favors segregation. For
them, at each cepted that his mission to
point visited, especially urgede France, at this time, an just at the
eiing to th time when
United States, to be "modest and un- been for months fightine in Vranol
assuming." The Stars and Stripes are about to return to the United
published in Paris, and in the interest States, is to impress upon them that
of the A. E. F. and which heretofore they should be "modesTaSd un?ssum-
has given very little space to mention ing" on their return, and to accent
of the colored soldiers, except pub- quietly, and uncomplainingly what-
hshmg something assumed to be hu- ever discrimination and segregation
morous, and always using the alleged may be imposed on them in the States
Southern dialect, gave Mr. Moton's on their return, after having foueht
address considerable space, emphasiz- for months for world democracy
mg the point he made that the colored Moton was accompanied on his triD
soldiers should return "modest and to the camps by Thomas Jesse Jones
unassuming/' The Pans edition of of the Bureau of Education at S
The New York Herald, which like- ington, and who, at one time was one
wise has given but little space to the of the white instructors at Hampton
colored soldier, also gave Dr. Moton's Institute, with which Dr. Moton was
address to the colored soldiers a prom- connected before being chosen nrinci-
ment space, and particularly noted pal of Tuskegee.
every dollar they collect a thousand Roosevelt's picture were to be placed
dollars' worth of harm is done. on our postage stamps it might tend
It is well for colored men andto infuse new life into a moribund
women to meet publicly often and pro-and disgracefully conducted depart-
test against the many wrongs they ment of the Government.
THE MAN WHO DARES
I honor the man who in the consci
entious discharge of his duty dares to
stand alone the world, with ignorant,
intolerant judgment, may condemn,
the countenances of relatives may be
averted, and the hearts of friends grow
cold, but the sense of duty done shall
be sweeter than the applause of the
world, the countenances of relatives or
the hearts of friends.Charles Sumner.
soldiers who have
are forced to endure, and give the lie
to the vermin who do so much to
jure the race.
And while watching the enemy with
out and protesting against discrimi
nations, keep an eye on the enemy
within and denounce his nefarious
Remember, "Eternal Vigilance is the
Price of Liberty."
JOHN SHARP BOOSTS HINDY.
During iSenator Chamberlain's re
cent speech on the RIGHTS O* SOL-
DIERS, Yazoo's famous orator, John
Sharp, interrupted to pay the follow
ing glowing tribute to the German
military machine. "There are some
where between two and three million
German soldiers still with their arms,
armed now, and fighting one another,
in Berlin and elsewhere and under
the admirable military machine sys
tem of the German Empire they can
be remobilized within 48 hours." Oh
boy! We wager that old Hindenburg
will swell with pride when he sees
that statement. How times have
changed since we were "too proud to
fight." For a member of the minority
to have made that statement a few
months ago would have been grounds
for disloyalty charges. Come up for
air Williams. Let's reserve our mili
tary compliments for the returning
Secretary Baker recently reported
that complete lists of casualties had
been sent to Washington, and that
1,000 clerks were busy in getting them
out. The daily casualty list at the
time contained about 500 names,
shows that two clerks by ap
plying themselves attentively to their
duties managed to get out together
one name each day. But Mr. Baker
announced that 1,000 more clerks
would be added to the force with a
view to speeding up the final casualty
reports. With 2,000 employes bending
their energies to that end the public
may reasonably expect a daily list of
1,000 names until the entire number
are printed. Some efficiency!
THE WORKMEN'S QUERY.
Perhaps McAdoo thinks that since
he raised the wages of railway em
ployes the employes will always give
him credit, and will bestow their cen
sure upon any man who happens to
be in control if wages ever come down
again. But perhaps that won't be the
workman's view. He may inquire why
McAdoo didn't stick to the job andshould
keep the wages up.
PUT PEP IN POSTAGE.
A New Yorker suggests that if Col.
OLD EIGHTH ILLINOIS
Chicago's Crack Colored
Unit Back With Honors
dire results for the allies.
"We just went in and took 'em,"
Lieut. 'Elmer D. Maxwell, 5325
S. Dearborn st., Chicago, telling of
a raid into which he led fifteen men
of the Eighth August 1 near Laon,
General Mangin Decorates Hero es 370th In-
fantry Who Whipped Prussian Guard
Chicago, 111., Jan. 22.More than side, figuring the Americans would
400 Illinois men, many of them take shelter there
wounded, were among 5,150 soldiers Instead the Yanks kept right in
to arrive Thursday on the hospital the center of the road and few were
ship Comfort and the transports wounded. The ruse had revealed
Lapland, Wilhelmina and Sierra. the whereabouts of the German guns
Five officers of the old Eighth Illi- and a short time later they were
nois and many of the enlisted men of wiped out by French artillery,
our crack regiment debarked from After going through the severest
the Lapland. Two of them from the fighting unscathed Lieut. Robert A.
The soldiers arriving on the three
other ships were sent to Camps Mills
and Merritt, and the wounded were
divided among three of the big deing
Out in the Campagne sector of
Franceone of the most blood
stained corners of that landour
Illinois fighters gained imperishable
fame. For more than two months
the Eighthnow the 370th Infantry
was the only American regiment
fighting in the Tenth French army, av., was wounded in the ankle by
commanded by Gen. Mangin.
Lieut. Harvey J. Taylor, 3761
South Wabash av., Chicago, winner
of the Croix de Guerre and two stars
for special citations, was the first
Eighth Illinois man to leave the ship.
His body had been riddled by
chine gun bullets and shrapnel.
Whipped Crack Prussians.
The men of the old Eighth stopped
the advance of the flower of the
Kaiser's fighting forces and made
them retreat, preventing a flanking Should Open the Doors to Opportunity
movement which would have had
and which resulted in the killing of l*^?
a dozen Germans the capture o* four
machine guns and eighteen prisoners.
Only one of Maxwell's men waswidely
wounded. For this dashing exploit
the Chicago man received the Croix
A stunt performed by twenty men
of Company F, led by Capt. Saund
ers, won decorations for three and
the unbounded admiration of the
French, Maxwell said. Sergt. Floyd
White, 1121, Federal st., Chicago,
was one of the participants. He reif
ceived the war cross. White is still
in France and was wounded once
Ward, 3728 South Wabash av., re
The Eighth landed in France April
22, Ward said, and went into a fight
area almost immediately. For
months the regiment had to go
through all the hardship of trench
warfare. The casualties were esti
mated by Ward at 50 per cent, but
only a very small percentage were
Shot in Ankle.
Lieut. J. R. Wheeler,, 3013 Prairie
Lieut. Benjamin A. Browning,
4438 Prairie av., had been through
the fighting without injury, but re
"Yes, the Germans are kind of
tough fighters, but we're just a bit
quoth Private Luma
Springer a Decatur (111.) colored
soldier, wounded in the jaw and neck
by shrapnel at Soissons September
(From the Christian Register.)
A circular sent out to employers in
a large city, calling attention to the
number and quality of young colored
men trained in the schools of the city,
and asking co-operation and counsel
Lieut. Maxwell's story showed that *^Z' .an.d
the Company men offered them
selves as sacrifices in an effort to
draw the fire of about a dozen Ger
man machine guns which had been
working havoc among the Americans
A Human Sacrifice.
Wrongs To Individual On World Basis For Redress.
With the ushering in of the new year, 1919, the nations of the world are
assembled to settle the terms of peace for the world, for the establishment
everywhere of the principles for which this world war was waged by the
forces of democracy.
Therefore every denial or violation of justice, humanity and democracy
has become a matter FO.000 CORRECTION ANwithout ABROGATION ON A WORLDth
BASIS BY A WORL12'00R COURT.
Henc8e? Colored America, whichStates furnishefd 400,000, brave soldiers for thi
W,?f i^? Unite
n *i. ?_.. brought one reply which though anony
mous is significant of an opinion still
ftiZEL I fol"lca1'
human being of world democracy.
William M. Trotter, Mass., Chairman.
loyal citizens a traitor, appeals to
allied World for justice Democracy in the peace settlement. nand
Utterly Undemocratic Treatment Of Colored People of U. S. A.
of the West, we first appeal to the civilized world for the discontinuancetof
ail race or class discrimination in the world peace settlement At this
supreme moment in the causee ocfe universal humanity, when wrongs to man
be banished, wer must call world attention to the utterly undemo-
craticconditions underi which every person of
country. Because of racnec autocracy, our colorsin the Nation's Capital de
for which the war was fought. vw*uvivj
Self-determinatior Fo'r Darker Nations.
That the tremendous material and appalling human losses of this world
is force to live in thi
the Ghett a of the
Judicial right subjects us to obloquy!
Imposition, deprivations, injustices,a cruelties, atrocities, worspee degree than
^iUy violations of that wSrlne democmc
to grant self-determination and rights without discrimination to all of the
The Appeal Sent By Race Petitioners For Universal Abolition Of Color
On our part we shall send race petitioners to the assembly of the repre-
sentatives of the civilized world meeting to make good the promise of theso
victors the world war, to petition for the abolition of autocracy of race
against Colored persons everywhere,Yand to appeal to this worl Court for
the discontinuance of colorI proscription and all distinctions based on color,
%S?n& AS^US? 1Peoplethefworld
influential. "Kindly send them
to Africa, instead of mixing them
with us." As the expression of an in
dividual desire these two points are of
course admissible, but as practicable
measures it is curious that any intelli
gent person should seriously entertain
them. Does any one suppose that the
colored population of the United
States could be sent to Africa, ofr that
they were sent they woultd go? So
long as they are here, and have al
ready been mixing more than a
zenship, including the right to die with
white men for their country, is it any
reckonable menace to respectability
and intrinsic leadership to open a few
more industrial doors to their proved
abilities and usefulness? While we
write, a moving-van is unloaded by
two white men and one colored man.
The Illinois colored fighters ran The colored man is the boss, the
into the middle of a road knowing white men take his orders. There is
they were under German observa- not the least trouble about it. There
tion. Instantly the Germans, sus- would never be trouble if it were not
pecting a raid on their lines, opened made by people of the temper of the
fire on the underbrush by the road- anonymous objector.
ADDRESS TO THE COUNTRY AND THE WORLD
ADOPTED BY THE NATIONAL COLORED CONGRESS FOR WORLD DE-
MOCRACY UNDER TH E AUSPICES OF TH E NATIONAL EQUAL
RIGHTS LEAGUE AT WASHINGTON, D. C. DEC. 18, 1918.
Colored America, through delegates assembled from 37 of the United
States of America, sore and bleeding with persecution because of race and
color, hails with hope peace with victory, for the motto on the banners of
the armies of the victors was "Away with tyranny and its injustice every-
where" Speaking for 12,000,000 Colored Americans, the National Colored
Representative Assembly for World Democracy under the auspices of the
National Equal Rights League congratulate their fellow Countrymen and
their government on being the instrument by which the God of righteousness
turned the tide of battle for the forces of liberty.
War Put On World Basis As To The Results.
Two hemispheres and the islands of two oceans furnished without regard
to race or color the armies of this bloody and terrible war. Shameful it
would be if its close did not mark a new humane era. To the President of
our Republic, Commander-in-Chief of our army and navy it was given to name
the principles on which the winners fought this war. and its purpose By
his declaration, accepted by France, Britain and the rest openly before the
human race, the principles and the aim of this war were put upon a world
basis. Secondly these principles and aims were for the wiping out of autoc-
racy, inhumanity and injustice, and for the establishment of world justice
world humanity and world democracy.
America the famous Republics
carriere and us countrsubjects deprives us
public carriers S
EVER NATION A S A N ARTICLd E OF TH E
that may, be remade truly on thebbasis the earth and of the enjoyment everf
Else There Is No "New Day."
For without this there will not be the dawning of a new day of democ-
racy, nor of a new era of permanent peace after the most terrible and
gigantic war ever known embracing two hemispheres in a death grapple
between the forces of autocracy and of democracy.
THE COMMITTEE} ON ADDRESS.
Rev. P. C. James, N. J.
Dr. W. T. Coleman, Md.
Rev. M. L. Johnson, Ark.
G. W. Goode, Va.
Rev. W. L. Gibbons, Miss.
Atty. L. A. H. Caldwell, Ind.
Rev. J. U. King, Del.
Mrs. Ida Wells Barnett, Hi.
Dr. F. A. Walker, La.
Dr. A. Porter Davis, Kan.
Rev. W. D. Carter, Wash. State.
Dr. C. S. Long, Fla.
R. W. Westberry, S. C.
J. W. Ross, Minn.
Bishop G. C. Clements, Ky.
Atty. J. D. Ellis, W. Va.
Rev. C. V. Page, Mo.
Rev. Thomas W. Davis, Tenn.
Prof. L. B. Cash, Texas.
W. C. Brown, D. C.
Dr. R. H. Singleton, Ga.
Rev. R. A. Whitaker, Okla.
Hon. Isaac B. Allen, N. Y.
R. B. James, Mich.
G. W. Boyer, Ohio.
Bishop J. S. Caldwell, Penn., Sec.
Rev. J. C. McDaniels, N. Y.
Rev. H. H. Jackson, N. C.
Rev. John V. Goodgame, Ala.
1 A I^JT
Theodore Roosevelt, former pre&i
dent of the United States, universally
considered as "the most typical Amer*
ican, is dead and the civilized world
bows in homage.
So many things have been written,
many tributes have been paid to the
greatest man the country has pro
duced since Lincoln that there is lit
tle left for the editor of a weekly
newspaper to say.
There is one point which ought to
be especially emphasized and .that is
Roosevelt's intense, robust American
ism. He had little respect for the
man, whether American or foreign,
who sought to segregate himself from
his fellow citizens.
The following paragraphs are from
his last public plea for Americanism,
which we publish in full in another
column and which should be read and
taken to heart by every one who
claims to be an American:
"It is an outrage to discriminate
against any man beeause of creed or
birthplace or origin. But this Is pred
icated upon the man's becoming in
very fact an American, and nothing
but an American.
"If he tries to keep segregated with
has ceased, but our war work is not done
until peace is permanently established, the war
bills have been paid, our army is brought back home
and demobilized and industry readjusted to normal con-
ditions. Hungry nations must be fed and shell-torn cities
rebuilt, and the United States must lend the money to do
Buy War Savings Stamps
END AUTOCRACY OF COLOR
Asks Editor of THE APPEAL in an Appeal Wired to
President Wilson on the Eve of His
Departure for Peace Table.
Calls Color Line Greater Menace to Permanent World
Peace Than Hun Militarism Just Overthrown.
Asks President to Aid the Oppressed of All Nations,
Races, Colors, Creeds and Sex in Realizing
Liberty, Fraternity and Equality.
Saint Paul, Minn., Dec. 2, 1918.
To the President,
Washington, D. C.
Now that the world war is- over and
military autocracy has been doomed,
I appeal to you as the representative
of the United States at the Peace
Table, to demand the abolition of that
greater menace to the peace of the
world, THE AUTOCRACY OF COLOR.
Through the centuries the colored
races of the globe have been subjected
to the most unjust and inhuman treat
ment by the so-called white peoples.
Every atrocity which the Huns have
inflicted on the helpless white peoples
of the world during the four years of
war now ending, has been suffered by
the colored peoples of the world for
more than four hundred years.
In the recent war the colored races
have furnished as many men as thetion
white races have supplied, if the labor
and fighting units are both counted,
and now that victory has been won,
it is but just that the color line which
has hampered the progress of the col
ored peoples, should be abolished at
once. Not only that, but the opand
pressed of the white race should be
delivered from oppression.
Mr. President, I shall endeavor to
outline a program which should meet
the approval of every believer in world
1. Home rule for Ireland.
2. Home rule for India.
3. Home rule for all colonies which
4. Self-determination for the people
of all countries, in which the people
are practically all of one race or
tionality and yet dominated and op
pressed by a few of a different race or
5. The former German colonies to
become republics under the protection
of the League of Nations. These peo
ple are as capable of self-government
as the people of Russia, Germany, Tur
key, or the Balkan States.
MAN WHO SEGREGATES
HIMSELF IS NOT A TRUE
NewYork, Jan. 6.A plea for continuation of the fight for American-
ism was Col. Roosevelt last message to the American people. It was read
last night at an all-American benefit concert in the Hippodrome by Henry
L. yuimby of the American Defense Society, who voiced the ColoneVs re-
gret at his inability to be present in person because of illness. He wrote:
1 cannot be with you and so all I can do is to wish you God-
speed. There must be no sagging back in the fight for American
ism merely because the war is over.
"There are plenty of persons who have already made the as-
sertion that they believe the American people have a short memory
and that they intend to revive all the foreign associations which
most directly interfere with the complete Americanization of our
people. Our principle in this matter should be absolutely simple.
In the first place, we should insist that if the immigrant who
comes here does in good faith become an American and assimilates
himself to us he shall be treated on an exact equality with every
one else, for it is an outrage to discriminate against any such man
because of creed or birthplace or origin. But this is predicated
upon the mans becoming in very fact an American and nothing
but an American.
"If he tries to keep segregated with men of his own origin and
separateldc from the rest ofbe America, then he isn' doing his part as
6. The abrogation of the "White
Australia" legislation and the ac
knowledgment of the right of all peo
ples to acquire citizenship.
7. The repeal by the United States
of all anti-oriental immigration laws
and the acknowledgment of the right
of Japanese and Chinese and Malays
to become citizens.
8. The repeal of all United States
laws classing certain Indians as non
citizens, all people of American Indian
blood to be immediately recognized as
9. The repeal of all laws of the
United States, or of any state, in which
the words colored, African, Afro-Amer
ican, Negro, Mulatto, Indian, Japanese
or Chinese are used for the purpose to
making discriminations against the
people of any race, nationality, class
or creed, and the immediate abroga
of any color line restrictions en
forced without warrant of law.
10. The nations comprising the
League ef Nations to be forbidden to
enact any legislation which in any way
discriminates against the people of the
Caucasian, Mongolian, African, Indian,
Malay races, or against any na
tionality, religious creed or sex.
11. The free immigration of the peo
ple of any one country to any other
country having membership in the
League -to be neither denied nor
abridged on account of race, national
ity, class, color, creed, or sex.
The adoption of the foregoing rules
in the Constitution of the League of
Nations would not only mean freedom,
equality and democracy for all man
kind but would be an actual earthly
of the Fatherhood of God
and the Brotherhood of Man.
Trusting Mr. President, that you will
as the representative of our great re
public, advocate the principles I have
enumerated, I am,
Very truly yours,
JOHN Q. ADAMS,
Editor The Appeal.
Ther can no divided allianct at all
excludes the red flag which symbolizes all wars against liberty and
civilization just as much as it excludes any foreign flag of a nation
to which we are hostile We have room for but one language here
and that is the English language, for we intend to see that the cru-
cible turns our people out as Americans of American nationality
and not as dwellers in a polyglot boarding-house and we have
room for but one soul loyalty and that is loyalty to the American
American flag and this
men of his own origin and separated
from the rest of America, then he isn't
doing his part as an American. There
can be no divided alliance at all."
ISN'T IT AMUSING7
The Alabama Methodist Conference
at Mobile, Alabama, has called on
President Wilson to summon an inter
national conference to investigate the
condition of the Jews in the nations
of Europe and to take steps to stop
age long persecution.
Right there at home In Alabama
pogroms are in evidence at almost
any time. Hundreds of innocent
colored men have been tortured,
burned at the stake or mob murdered
in some other way, but the hypo
critical Methodists have not been able
to ee those atrocities, or having seen
them, history does not record that
they have ever made protests.
Raising their eyes high above tbe
outrages committed by alleged Chris
tens on real Christians in Alabama,
the psalm eingers have the nerve to
look 4,000 miles across the sea and
Protest against persecutions in other
The Southern Caucasian Christian
is a queer Mrt,
jfc, **s* S" ft*.