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fe-4 THE APPEAL AN AMERICAN NEWSPAPER ISSUED VTEKKLT J. .ADAMS. EDITOR AND PUBLISHER am 'i ST. PAUL OFFICE No. 301-2 Coiret Block, 24 E. 4th st No. ADAMS, Manager. PHONE: N. W. CEDAR 5649. MINNEAPOLIS OFFICE 2812 Tenth Avenue South J. N. SEIXKRS. Manager. Entered at the Pontofflce In St. Paul, Minnesota, as second-class mall matter. June 6. 1886, under Act of Congress, March 3. 1879. TERMS, STRICTLY IN ADVANCE: SINGLE COPY, three months 50 SINGLE COPT, six months 1.00 SINGLE COPY, one year 92.00 Remittances 5houId be made by Bxpre&s Money Ordei, Post Office Money Order, Re gistered Lettei or Bank Draft. Postage stamps will be leteived the same as cash for the fractional parts of a dollar. Only one cent and two cent stamps taken. Silver ahoulri never be sent through the mail. It is alm -st sure to wear a hole through the envelope and be lost, or else it may be sto len. Persons who send silver to us in letters do so at their own risk. riarriage and death notices 10 lines or less tl. 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"Any prejudice whatever will be insurmountablelf those who do not share in it themselves truckle to it and flatter it and accept it as a law of nature." John Stuart Mill. li.fr^^HJ^Hf^^^^Hl^Ht^^t^HtHt^H^ SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1919. JOBS IN U. S. SERVICE OPEN. Permanent employment in the gov ernment service and immediate rein statement in the federal civil service of men who served in the army and navy is announced in a bulletin issued by the federal civil service commis sion at Washington. In expectation of the mustering out of thousands of for mer government employes from the military and naval service who will be seeking reinstatement in the govern ment service the federal civil service commission obtained an executive or der by the president providing for the reinstatement at any time within five years of discharge of any person leav ing the classified civil service to enselves, gage in the military or naval service of the country. Under the president's ruling it will not be necessary for the applicant to be reinstated in his former position, but anywhere in the civil service, pro vided that at the time of reinstate ment he has the required fitness to perform the duties of the position to which reinstatement is sought. A long list of occupational opportu nities for employment in federal pub lic works is contained in the bulletin. Application should be filed directly with the labor board at all govern ment plants. THE REPRESENTATIVES IN FRANCE. There has been some misconcep tion as to the functions of the repre sentatives elected by the National Colored Congress which met in Washington in December, to go to France and present the case of the colored American to the world, dur ing the sessions of the Peace Con gress. These people have no official status whatever, and no one connected with the congress has, so far as we know, made any such claim, certainly the convention at its-meeting did not. They are not in any sense "dele gates" and have no such standing. They can not attend the meetings of the Peace Conference. That ought to 'be clear to everyone who is at all well informed about the questions of the day. As THE APPEAL understands the '^i' Moton's Advice To Soldiers *and TUSKEGEE'S NEW PRINCIPAL TELLS BRAVE WARRIORS NOT TO RESIST OLD CONDITIONS ON RETURN Sourthern Newspapers In Paris Praise Unwanted Suggestions To Black Troopers as to Their Conduct on Returning Home Moton's Special Mission Explained matter, the representatives are to go to France and use their moral in fluence to aid in the abolition of the color line in all the world. Neces sarily they must work through the delegates of the United States and other nations which have regularly accredited delegates. That is all that they can do. The congress un derstood that and the representatives understand their limitations. However, the representatives may possibly be able to do some very ef fective work. They may tell the world of the utterly undemocratic treatment of the colored people in the U. S. A., and they may add their voice, even if it is a feeble one, to the general demand of the Colored World for the abolition of all dis criminations based on color, creed or sex, and may really aid in the realiza tion of liberty, fraternity and equal ity for all men. Just what the proposed "League of Nations" will be no man knows no one knows just how far it will in terfere with the internal questions of the various nations, but with Ja pan, one of the great powers, and China, Haiti, and Liberia, all colored nations, and with Brazil and other countries with large colored popula tions, and India and South Africa represented, certain broad principles against color autocracy may be laid down. Who knows? The American colored representa tives can not hope to get seats at the peace table, or even enter the con ference, but they can stay outside and LOBBY FOR LIBERTY. ETERNAL VIGILANCE. (From the New York News.) that he "emphasized" the fact that tho Paris, Jan.Dr. Robert R. Moton, colored soldiers should return "mod- who came here to France on a "spe- est and unassuming." This advice cial" mission, made a trip, via automo- given by Dr. Moton appeared to in- bile, to two or three point? where terest these two American newsna- have been mobilized colored soldiers, pers published in Paris and it is ae He made an addressr ton The meeting of the Colored Liberty Congress at Washington, D. rewhich cently, brings to mind the old adage, "Eternal Vigilance is the Price of Liberty." Many people seem to have forgotten this old and trite saying. The colored people who are not only surrounded by enemies who are try ing to undo them and filch from them their rights as Americans, should re member that there is a far more sini ster and unprincipled foe within. It is the foe within which is more dangerous than the foe without, whose moves are usually open and above board. On the contrary the foe within is a rank coward, a lickspittle and a sneak, and often spreads his poison when no one of the race is near. A large number of the "negroes" as they almost invariably call them who solicit money for segre gated schools and other institutions are traitors of the deepest dye. Ad mitted, grinning, to the private office of some white philanthropist, in order to reach his pocket-book, they belittle the colored people and tell him that the race favors segregation. For them, at each cepted that his mission to point visited, especially urgede France, at this time, an just at the TTE? eiing to th time when United States, to be "modest and un- been for months fightine in Vranol assuming." The Stars and Stripes are about to return to the United published in Paris, and in the interest States, is to impress upon them that of the A. E. F. and which heretofore they should be "modesTaSd un?ssum- has given very little space to mention ing" on their return, and to accent of the colored soldiers, except pub- quietly, and uncomplainingly what- hshmg something assumed to be hu- ever discrimination and segregation morous, and always using the alleged may be imposed on them in the States Southern dialect, gave Mr. Moton's on their return, after having foueht address considerable space, emphasiz- for months for world democracy mg the point he made that the colored Moton was accompanied on his triD soldiers should return "modest and to the camps by Thomas Jesse Jones unassuming/' The Pans edition of of the Bureau of Education at S The New York Herald, which like- ington, and who, at one time was one wise has given but little space to the of the white instructors at Hampton colored soldier, also gave Dr. Moton's Institute, with which Dr. Moton was address to the colored soldiers a prom- connected before being chosen nrinci- ment space, and particularly noted pal of Tuskegee. colore"speciald every dollar they collect a thousand Roosevelt's picture were to be placed dollars' worth of harm is done. on our postage stamps it might tend It is well for colored men andto infuse new life into a moribund women to meet publicly often and pro-and disgracefully conducted depart- test against the many wrongs they ment of the Government. THE MAN WHO DARES I honor the man who in the consci entious discharge of his duty dares to stand alone the world, with ignorant, intolerant judgment, may condemn, the countenances of relatives may be averted, and the hearts of friends grow cold, but the sense of duty done shall be sweeter than the applause of the world, the countenances of relatives or the hearts of friends.Charles Sumner. soldiers who have are forced to endure, and give the lie to the vermin who do so much to insaid jure the race. And while watching the enemy with out and protesting against discrimi nations, keep an eye on the enemy within and denounce his nefarious work. Remember, "Eternal Vigilance is the Price of Liberty." JOHN SHARP BOOSTS HINDY. During iSenator Chamberlain's re cent speech on the RIGHTS O* SOL- DIERS, Yazoo's famous orator, John Sharp, interrupted to pay the follow ing glowing tribute to the German military machine. "There are some where between two and three million German soldiers still with their arms, armed now, and fighting one another, in Berlin and elsewhere and under the admirable military machine sys tem of the German Empire they can be remobilized within 48 hours." Oh boy! We wager that old Hindenburg will swell with pride when he sees that statement. How times have changed since we were "too proud to fight." For a member of the minority to have made that statement a few months ago would have been grounds for disloyalty charges. Come up for air Williams. Let's reserve our mili tary compliments for the returning victorious army. DEMOCRATIC EFFICIENCY. Secretary Baker recently reported that complete lists of casualties had been sent to Washington, and that 1,000 clerks were busy in getting them out. The daily casualty list at the time contained about 500 names, shows that two clerks by ap plying themselves attentively to their duties managed to get out together one name each day. But Mr. Baker announced that 1,000 more clerks would be added to the force with a view to speeding up the final casualty reports. With 2,000 employes bending their energies to that end the public may reasonably expect a daily list of 1,000 names until the entire number are printed. Some efficiency! THE WORKMEN'S QUERY. Perhaps McAdoo thinks that since he raised the wages of railway em ployes the employes will always give him credit, and will bestow their cen sure upon any man who happens to be in control if wages ever come down again. But perhaps that won't be the workman's view. He may inquire why McAdoo didn't stick to the job andshould keep the wages up. PUT PEP IN POSTAGE. A New Yorker suggests that if Col. S JLn OLD EIGHTH ILLINOIS Chicago's Crack Colored Unit Back With Honors dire results for the allies. "We just went in and took 'em," Lieut. 'Elmer D. Maxwell, 5325 S. Dearborn st., Chicago, telling of a raid into which he led fifteen men of the Eighth August 1 near Laon, ^_____________ General Mangin Decorates Hero es 370th In- fantry Who Whipped Prussian Guard Chicago, 111., Jan. 22.More than side, figuring the Americans would 400 Illinois men, many of them take shelter there wounded, were among 5,150 soldiers Instead the Yanks kept right in to arrive Thursday on the hospital the center of the road and few were ship Comfort and the transports wounded. The ruse had revealed Lapland, Wilhelmina and Sierra. the whereabouts of the German guns Five officers of the old Eighth Illi- and a short time later they were nois and many of the enlisted men of wiped out by French artillery, our crack regiment debarked from After going through the severest the Lapland. Two of them from the fighting unscathed Lieut. Robert A. Wilhelmina. The soldiers arriving on the three other ships were sent to Camps Mills and Merritt, and the wounded were divided among three of the big deing barkation hospitals. Out in the Campagne sector of Franceone of the most blood stained corners of that landour Illinois fighters gained imperishable fame. For more than two months the Eighthnow the 370th Infantry was the only American regiment fighting in the Tenth French army, av., was wounded in the ankle by commanded by Gen. Mangin. Lieut. Harvey J. Taylor, 3761 South Wabash av., Chicago, winner of the Croix de Guerre and two stars for special citations, was the first Eighth Illinois man to leave the ship. His body had been riddled by matougher," chine gun bullets and shrapnel. Whipped Crack Prussians. The men of the old Eighth stopped the advance of the flower of the Kaiser's fighting forces and made them retreat, preventing a flanking Should Open the Doors to Opportunity movement which would have had and which resulted in the killing of l*^? a dozen Germans the capture o* four machine guns and eighteen prisoners. Only one of Maxwell's men waswidely wounded. For this dashing exploit the Chicago man received the Croix de Guerre. A stunt performed by twenty men of Company F, led by Capt. Saund ers, won decorations for three and the unbounded admiration of the French, Maxwell said. Sergt. Floyd White, 1121, Federal st., Chicago, was one of the participants. He reif ceived the war cross. White is still in France and was wounded once ove 18 S J* for*wh^wT yncWn Ward, 3728 South Wabash av., re turned sick. The Eighth landed in France April 22, Ward said, and went into a fight area almost immediately. For months the regiment had to go through all the hardship of trench warfare. The casualties were esti mated by Ward at 50 per cent, but only a very small percentage were killed. Shot in Ankle. Lieut. J. R. Wheeler,, 3013 Prairie shrapnel. Lieut. Benjamin A. Browning, 4438 Prairie av., had been through the fighting without injury, but re turned sick. "Yes, the Germans are kind of tough fighters, but we're just a bit quoth Private Luma Springer a Decatur (111.) colored soldier, wounded in the jaw and neck by shrapnel at Soissons September 17. (From the Christian Register.) A circular sent out to employers in a large city, calling attention to the number and quality of young colored men trained in the schools of the city, and asking co-operation and counsel 1 Lieut. Maxwell's story showed that *^Z' .an.d the Company men offered them selves as sacrifices in an effort to draw the fire of about a dozen Ger man machine guns which had been working havoc among the Americans and French. A Human Sacrifice. Wrongs To Individual On World Basis For Redress. With the ushering in of the new year, 1919, the nations of the world are assembled to settle the terms of peace for the world, for the establishment everywhere of the principles for which this world war was waged by the forces of democracy. Therefore every denial or violation of justice, humanity and democracy has become a matter FO.000 CORRECTION ANwithout ABROGATION ON A WORLDth BASIS BY A WORL12'00R COURT. Henc8e? Colored America, whichStates furnishefd 400,000, brave soldiers for thi W,?f i^? Unite J^SST n *i. ?_.. brought one reply which though anony mous is significant of an opinion still pUDli ou 0 6 ftiZEL I fol"lca1' socia an ess else ign, 1 ar RE EJJ*ENT0 EJ^SF A ii ^J 101 1 f the human being of world democracy. William M. Trotter, Mass., Chairman. a loyal citizens a traitor, appeals to allied World for justice Democracy in the peace settlement. nand la Utterly Undemocratic Treatment Of Colored People of U. S. A. *iFi*Sren! of the West, we first appeal to the civilized world for the discontinuancetof ail race or class discrimination in the world peace settlement At this supreme moment in the causee ocfe universal humanity, when wrongs to man be banished, wer must call world attention to the utterly undemo- craticconditions underi which every person of coloemployeesd th xp ig part a man country. Because of racnec autocracy, our colorsin the Nation's Capital de il?-U civ esttio colo ^i for which the war was fought. vw*uvivj Self-determinatior Fo'r Darker Nations. That the tremendous material and appalling human losses of this world ^JUtTISiJ^ is force to live in thi the Ghett a of the Judicial right subjects us to obloquy! Imposition, deprivations, injustices,a cruelties, atrocities, worspee degree than exist anywherel ^iUy violations of that wSrlne democmc Christendom. Segregation appea good fo W1 h0 reSUl i to grant self-determination and rights without discrimination to all of the darker nations. The Appeal Sent By Race Petitioners For Universal Abolition Of Color Proscription. On our part we shall send race petitioners to the assembly of the repre- sentatives of the civilized world meeting to make good the promise of theso victors the world war, to petition for the abolition of autocracy of race against Colored persons everywhere,Yand to appeal to this worl Court for the discontinuance of colorI proscription and all distinctions based on color, %S?n& AS^US? 1Peoplethefworld N 1 2S FIGHTING ilable influential. "Kindly send them to Africa, instead of mixing them with us." As the expression of an in dividual desire these two points are of course admissible, but as practicable measures it is curious that any intelli gent person should seriously entertain them. Does any one suppose that the colored population of the United States could be sent to Africa, ofr that they were sent they woultd go? So long as they are here, and have al ready been mixing more than a gl i *for he i? av zenship, including the right to die with white men for their country, is it any reckonable menace to respectability and intrinsic leadership to open a few more industrial doors to their proved abilities and usefulness? While we write, a moving-van is unloaded by two white men and one colored man. The Illinois colored fighters ran The colored man is the boss, the into the middle of a road knowing white men take his orders. There is they were under German observa- not the least trouble about it. There tion. Instantly the Germans, sus- would never be trouble if it were not pecting a raid on their lines, opened made by people of the temper of the fire on the underbrush by the road- anonymous objector. ADDRESS TO THE COUNTRY AND THE WORLD ADOPTED BY THE NATIONAL COLORED CONGRESS FOR WORLD DE- MOCRACY UNDER TH E AUSPICES OF TH E NATIONAL EQUAL RIGHTS LEAGUE AT WASHINGTON, D. C. DEC. 18, 1918. Colored America, through delegates assembled from 37 of the United States of America, sore and bleeding with persecution because of race and color, hails with hope peace with victory, for the motto on the banners of the armies of the victors was "Away with tyranny and its injustice every- where" Speaking for 12,000,000 Colored Americans, the National Colored Representative Assembly for World Democracy under the auspices of the National Equal Rights League congratulate their fellow Countrymen and their government on being the instrument by which the God of righteousness turned the tide of battle for the forces of liberty. War Put On World Basis As To The Results. Two hemispheres and the islands of two oceans furnished without regard to race or color the armies of this bloody and terrible war. Shameful it would be if its close did not mark a new humane era. To the President of our Republic, Commander-in-Chief of our army and navy it was given to name the principles on which the winners fought this war. and its purpose By his declaration, accepted by France, Britain and the rest openly before the human race, the principles and the aim of this war were put upon a world basis. Secondly these principles and aims were for the wiping out of autoc- racy, inhumanity and injustice, and for the establishment of world justice world humanity and world democracy. America the famous Republics carriere and us countrsubjects deprives us 5 conclav ai io public carriers S th EVER NATION A S A N ARTICLd E OF TH E that may, be remade truly on thebbasis the earth and of the enjoyment everf Else There Is No "New Day." For without this there will not be the dawning of a new day of democ- racy, nor of a new era of permanent peace after the most terrible and gigantic war ever known embracing two hemispheres in a death grapple between the forces of autocracy and of democracy. THE COMMITTEE} ON ADDRESS. Rev. P. C. James, N. J. Dr. W. T. Coleman, Md. Rev. M. L. Johnson, Ark. G. W. Goode, Va. Rev. W. L. Gibbons, Miss. Atty. L. A. H. Caldwell, Ind. Rev. J. U. King, Del. Mrs. Ida Wells Barnett, Hi. Dr. F. A. Walker, La. Dr. A. Porter Davis, Kan. Rev. W. D. Carter, Wash. State. Dr. C. S. Long, Fla. R. W. Westberry, S. C. J. W. Ross, Minn. Bishop G. C. Clements, Ky. Atty. J. D. Ellis, W. Va. Rev. C. V. Page, Mo. Rev. Thomas W. Davis, Tenn. Prof. L. B. Cash, Texas. W. C. Brown, D. C. Dr. R. H. Singleton, Ga. Rev. R. A. Whitaker, Okla. Hon. Isaac B. Allen, N. Y. R. B. James, Mich. G. W. Boyer, Ohio. Bishop J. S. Caldwell, Penn., Sec. Rev. J. C. McDaniels, N. Y. Rev. H. H. Jackson, N. C. Rev. John V. Goodgame, Ala. ,an 3 federas- 1 A I^JT WARMIN G! ROOSEVELTAMERICAN. Theodore Roosevelt, former pre&i dent of the United States, universally considered as "the most typical Amer* ican, is dead and the civilized world bows in homage. So many things have been written, many tributes have been paid to the greatest man the country has pro duced since Lincoln that there is lit tle left for the editor of a weekly newspaper to say. There is one point which ought to be especially emphasized and .that is Roosevelt's intense, robust American ism. He had little respect for the man, whether American or foreign, who sought to segregate himself from his fellow citizens. The following paragraphs are from his last public plea for Americanism, which we publish in full in another column and which should be read and taken to heart by every one who claims to be an American: "It is an outrage to discriminate against any man beeause of creed or birthplace or origin. But this Is pred icated upon the man's becoming in very fact an American, and nothing but an American. "If he tries to keep segregated with has ceased, but our war work is not done until peace is permanently established, the war bills have been paid, our army is brought back home and demobilized and industry readjusted to normal con- ditions. Hungry nations must be fed and shell-torn cities rebuilt, and the United States must lend the money to do it. Buy War Savings Stamps END AUTOCRACY OF COLOR Asks Editor of THE APPEAL in an Appeal Wired to President Wilson on the Eve of His Departure for Peace Table. Calls Color Line Greater Menace to Permanent World Peace Than Hun Militarism Just Overthrown. Asks President to Aid the Oppressed of All Nations, Races, Colors, Creeds and Sex in Realizing Liberty, Fraternity and Equality. Saint Paul, Minn., Dec. 2, 1918. To the President, White House, Washington, D. C. Sin Now that the world war is- over and military autocracy has been doomed, I appeal to you as the representative of the United States at the Peace Table, to demand the abolition of that greater menace to the peace of the world, THE AUTOCRACY OF COLOR. Through the centuries the colored races of the globe have been subjected to the most unjust and inhuman treat ment by the so-called white peoples. Every atrocity which the Huns have inflicted on the helpless white peoples of the world during the four years of war now ending, has been suffered by the colored peoples of the world for more than four hundred years. In the recent war the colored races have furnished as many men as thetion white races have supplied, if the labor and fighting units are both counted, and now that victory has been won, it is but just that the color line which has hampered the progress of the col ored peoples, should be abolished at once. Not only that, but the opand pressed of the white race should be delivered from oppression. Mr. President, I shall endeavor to outline a program which should meet the approval of every believer in world democracy: 1. Home rule for Ireland. 2. Home rule for India. 3. Home rule for all colonies which desire it. 4. Self-determination for the people of all countries, in which the people are practically all of one race or narealization tionality and yet dominated and op pressed by a few of a different race or nationality. 5. The former German colonies to become republics under the protection of the League of Nations. These peo ple are as capable of self-government as the people of Russia, Germany, Tur key, or the Balkan States. MAN WHO SEGREGATES HIMSELF IS NOT A TRUE AMERICANRoosevelt. NewYork, Jan. 6.A plea for continuation of the fight for American- ism was Col. Roosevelt last message to the American people. It was read last night at an all-American benefit concert in the Hippodrome by Henry L. yuimby of the American Defense Society, who voiced the ColoneVs re- gret at his inability to be present in person because of illness. He wrote: 1 cannot be with you and so all I can do is to wish you God- speed. There must be no sagging back in the fight for American ism merely because the war is over. "There are plenty of persons who have already made the as- sertion that they believe the American people have a short memory and that they intend to revive all the foreign associations which most directly interfere with the complete Americanization of our people. Our principle in this matter should be absolutely simple. In the first place, we should insist that if the immigrant who comes here does in good faith become an American and assimilates himself to us he shall be treated on an exact equality with every one else, for it is an outrage to discriminate against any such man because of creed or birthplace or origin. But this is predicated upon the mans becoming in very fact an American and nothing but an American. "If he tries to keep segregated with men of his own origin and separateldc from the rest ofbe America, then he isn' doing his part as 6. The abrogation of the "White Australia" legislation and the ac knowledgment of the right of all peo ples to acquire citizenship. 7. The repeal by the United States of all anti-oriental immigration laws and the acknowledgment of the right of Japanese and Chinese and Malays to become citizens. 8. The repeal of all United States laws classing certain Indians as non citizens, all people of American Indian blood to be immediately recognized as American citizens. 9. The repeal of all laws of the United States, or of any state, in which the words colored, African, Afro-Amer ican, Negro, Mulatto, Indian, Japanese or Chinese are used for the purpose to making discriminations against the people of any race, nationality, class or creed, and the immediate abroga of any color line restrictions en forced without warrant of law. 10. The nations comprising the League ef Nations to be forbidden to enact any legislation which in any way discriminates against the people of the Caucasian, Mongolian, African, Indian, Malay races, or against any na tionality, religious creed or sex. 11. The free immigration of the peo ple of any one country to any other country having membership in the League -to be neither denied nor abridged on account of race, national ity, class, color, creed, or sex. The adoption of the foregoing rules in the Constitution of the League of Nations would not only mean freedom, equality and democracy for all man kind but would be an actual earthly of the Fatherhood of God and the Brotherhood of Man. Trusting Mr. President, that you will as the representative of our great re public, advocate the principles I have enumerated, I am, Very truly yours, JOHN Q. ADAMS, Editor The Appeal. Ther can no divided allianct at all on excludes the red flag which symbolizes all wars against liberty and civilization just as much as it excludes any foreign flag of a nation to which we are hostile We have room for but one language here and that is the English language, for we intend to see that the cru- cible turns our people out as Americans of American nationality and not as dwellers in a polyglot boarding-house and we have room for but one soul loyalty and that is loyalty to the American & American flag and this men of his own origin and separated from the rest of America, then he isn't doing his part as an American. There can be no divided alliance at all." ISN'T IT AMUSING7 The Alabama Methodist Conference at Mobile, Alabama, has called on President Wilson to summon an inter national conference to investigate the condition of the Jews in the nations of Europe and to take steps to stop age long persecution. Right there at home In Alabama pogroms are in evidence at almost any time. Hundreds of innocent colored men have been tortured, burned at the stake or mob murdered in some other way, but the hypo critical Methodists have not been able to ee those atrocities, or having seen them, history does not record that they have ever made protests. Raising their eyes high above tbe outrages committed by alleged Chris tens on real Christians in Alabama, the psalm eingers have the nerve to look 4,000 miles across the sea and Protest against persecutions in other lands. The Southern Caucasian Christian is a queer Mrt, jfc, **s* S" ft*.