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AN AMERICAN NEWSPAPER
J. .ADAMS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER
ST. PAUL OFFICE
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5. Q. ADIMS, Manager.
PHONE: N. W. CEDAR 5649.
No 2812 Tenth Avenue South
J. N. SELLERS, Manager.
entered at the PoNtofllce In St. Paul,
Minnesota, ait second-class mall
matter, Jane 6, 1885, under
Act of Congress,
March 3, 1870.
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*^K^H| 4H|K^^* 8H^4H^*4K|K|K8Hfr**|H|H|
"Any prejudice whatever will
be insurmountable if those who
do not share in it themselves
truckle to it and flatter it and
accept it as a law of nature.
John Stuart Mill.
SATURDAY, MAY 28, 1921.
THE JIMCROW ARMY.
Even under piesent conditions, the
Tjmted States Army, so far as it re
lates to the colored people, is a jim
crow affair. Colored men are com
peted to enlist in the four "colored"
legiments two infantry and twcareer,"
cavalryin the regular army.
What this segregation meant was
shown during the world war when
colored men were rushed through the
countiy in 3imcrow cars, trained in
]imcrow camps, all the while being
subjected to indignities and insults.
This treatment reached its acme when
they were in France, even on thewhich
firing line Their treatment forms
one of the blackest pages in the his
tory of that famous conflict to "make
the world safe for democracy."
It is now said that the War De
partment intends to further jimcrow
lze its valiant colored soldiers and
humiliate and degrade its citizenry
by taking the colored regiments of
New York, Illinois, Massachusetts and
put them into a separate division of
the Federalized National Guard.
If this is true, it will be the worst
blow ever aimed at the rights of col
oi ed citizens, because it takes colored
men out of their proper places as
citizens of their respective states and
forces them into an inferior status
which does not apply to other groups
of Americans, such as Germans, Irish,
Russians, Poles, Greeks, Lithuanians,
Serbians, Scotch, Italians, Austrians,
French, Spanish, etc. and not even to
Chinese, Japanese, Koreans, Indians,
Filipinos, South Sea Islanders and
other colored races. It would be an
insult to the loyalty and patriotism
of the colored people.
The colored people of the United
States ought to protest through the
N. A. A. C. P., the National Equal
Rights League, the National Race
Congress and every other organiza
tion which stands for justice, and
every individual ought to make at pro
test to the President, the Secretary
of War and to his Senator and Con
gressman, to prevent, if possible, the
consummation of this wrong.
The |Loulsiana constitutional con-
"TEACH 'EM! THOSE GIRLS
Mr Stanley E Bailey .formerly of
San Francisco, whose present address
is the Cook county jail, Illinois, is
charged with conducting a class in
crap-shooting at the exclusive Hotel
del Monte, where many of the prom
inent society leaders spent thousands
of dollars in a scientific investigation
HOME OF W. J. ALSTON
675 Iglehart Ave., St. Paul.
ventionnow in session at Baton Rouge ey's departure they have attempted
had a little tussle over a "race puri-'in vain to (master the wrist tech-
ty" ordinance a few days ago.
It read: "The legislature shall en
act necessary legislation to guard and
preserve race purity."
The women defeated the proposi
tion by a large vote. The principal
reason given by the female opposi
tion was that it would be a bad adpearance
vertisement for the state and make
it appear to non-residents that it
was a troublesome question and that concerning the failure of certain San
it was difficult to prevent white
women from marrying black men.
There may have been other reasons
which the ladies did not care to
divulgeperhaps some of them were
colored and knew it.
Louisiana is a state in which there
"aint no sich animal" as race purity.
Those who are familiar with the
facts says that probably three-fourths bags all the time and spend their
of the native born so-called white spare moments shooting craps. "Teach
people have more or less Negro blood 'em! Those girls taught me."
in their veins. The mixing has been'
going on for more than 300 years,' HATE BREEDING HEADLINES.
and it still continues in spite of laws. The first edition of the Chicago
to prevent it. (Sunday Tribune, dated May 15, 1921,
On the day that the ordinance was which was sold on the streets of that
considered by the constitutional con- city Saturday night, May 14, and of
vention a blood controversy case was course had a comparatively limited
being tried in one of the courts in circulation, contained on its first page
New Orleans, and when the plaintiff .an article describing a murder, bear-
demanded a "blood test" the sage ing the headlines
better to submit
that it would
the matter to
CARRAWAYS LITTLE JOKE.
One Carraway, a Democratic Unit
ed States Senator from Arkansas, one
of the states in the Southern murder
tier, unconsciously perpetrated a lit
tle joke when he introduced a bill to
prohibit enlistment of colored men
in the army or navy.
Of course Carraway did not mean
lo be funny he put the bill in to
please the red necks of "Rackensack."
He knows it can not pass. But thecommitted
joke is there just the same, because
colored Americans are already barred
from both army nad navy except on
a jimcrow basis
Although a resident of one of the
states, a colored man can not enter
the militia of that state on the same
basis as other citizens. He must get
into a segregated unit and then into
the U. S army through the jimcrow
division of the Federalized National
Guard. If he wishes to enter the
legular army he must go into a seg
If a young colored man happens to
read one of the lying advertisements
published by the navy, calling atten
tion to the enlistment "to travel and
see the world," or "honorable ad
vancement," or "chance for a great
and with loyalty and paHe
triotism in his breast he endeavors
to enlist, he is informed by the notprisoner
invariably polite enlistment officer
that his only chanec is as a mess at
tendant, which translated means a
This is the way loyal colored citi
zens are treated by a lying nation
boasts of its democracy, hu
manity and Christianity.
mque so essential to medal play with
the rolling bones.
San Francisco officers will escort
Mr. Bailey back to the Golden Gate,
where he may be required to explain
his tricks of penmanship. Mr. Bailey
will be asked also about the disap
of an $8,000 automobile,
property of one of the fashionable
and enthusiastic crap-shooters and
of the law of averages. It seems shame and horror. Murder of women
that Mr. Bailey, who by the way is and children, wholesale killing of
a white man taught the women how prisoners, torture with red-hot irons,
to shoot craps but not how to shoot the "water cure," arson, robbery, vio-
them as well as he did. Since Bail-lence of every kindthey constitute
HOME OF 43. A. AND H. W. SCHUCK
665 University Ave., St. Paul.
Francisco banks to honor sundry
checks left to meet hotel bills.
Mr. Bailey in his cell scoffed at the
suggestion that he had acted as
mentor of the society women of Cali
fornia in matters of seven and eleven
and such like. "They didn't need any
teaching," he declared. The society
v/omen there carry dice in their hand-
BOY OF 6 ALrVE
IN A SAND PIT
Evidently the alert city editor did
not wish to overlook a chance to fol
low the fixed policy of the Tribune
of making colored people odious in
the eyes of their felow citizens, for
when the final edition, which is de
livered Sunday morning at the homes
of the majority of the inhabitants of
the city, appeared, the first line had
been changed to read:
If the alleged murders had been
by Jews, Germans or Irish
they would not have stressed the
fact or race, nationality or religion
in the headlines thus arousing race
CATT'S PLAN OF REDEMPTION.
The Rev. Sidney J. Catts, Baptist
minister, made governor of Florida
in 1916 to "redeem the state," was
arrested in Albany, Ga, as a fugitive
from justice. He had a "billy" in his
pocket which he was reaching for
when he was nabbed by the sheriff.
The Rev. Mr. Catts was indicted at
Pensacola, Fla, recently on charges
of bribery and peonage. The Indict
ment by a Federal grand jury charg
ed that Catts after pardoning two
colored convicts forced them to work
on one of his farms in West Florida
had previously been indicted for
accepting $700 for a pardon for a
serving a life term for
Commenting on the Memoir of
honor. If this report does not arouse
the American people then jts con
science is indeed dead."
and everlasting stain on American in the denial of civil rights denies
him this status. Which is right, the
Constitution which guarantees full
irights of citizenship, or custom which
1 denies them?"
HAS THE K.K.K. BACKING OF U. S?
The 700 aviators who fought in the
world war have organized a fraternal
organization to be known as "The
Knights of the Air." A petition was
sent to Col. William J. Sirrumons, im
perial wizard of the Ku Klux Klan
asking him to head the organization.
The petition to Col. Summons was
read by Major Wright in a theater
at Atlanta at a closed meeting of the
Ku Klux Klan, and he stated that
the interested 'government officials
have given full indorsement to thebut
plan. The petition contained the
names of General Pershing and Maj
Gen. Charles T. Menoher, chief of the
Maj. Reed G. Landis, son of Judge
K- Ml Landis, was unanimously elect
ed vice commander. In explaining
the service. Maj. Landis said the
organization is to be a means of
bringing together the fliers, "with
the added lure of the mysticism that
might come through dreaming of a
white garbed:" figure, masked and
hooded riding through the clouds to
duel, if necessary for chivalry or for
the honor and integrity of th* na-
The foregoing quotation from Maj.
Landis sounds like the bunk given
out by the K. K. K. Is the U. S.
government backing the Ku Klux
FORD AND ROSENWALD.
Henry Ford and Julius Rosenwald
are types of rich men who imagine
that their ability to make dollars
gives them the right force their fool
theories on other Americans.
Ford's attack on the Jews through
his personal organ, The Dearborn In
dependent, is an infamous thing. It
can do no good and its only effect
will be to arouse latent race preju
dice against a people that has been
oppressed for thousands of years, and
yet has made good. The majority of
the Jews inf the United States are
good loyal citizens.
Julius Rosenwald, a Jew of enor
mous wealth has spent hundreds of
thousands of dollare to finance jim
crow Y. M. C. A.'s. He seems to
forget the intolerance, hatred and
massacres from which the Jews have
suffered through the ages and in or
der to gain the plaudits of preju
diced Caucasian Christians and
get their orders for his mail order
house, he does not hesitate to useChristianity
his dollars to lower the status of
colored peoplefor that's what seg
regated Y. M. C. A.'s mean. Isn't it
ridiculous to imagine a Jew interest
ed in Christianity? Of course", it's
Representative L. C. Dyer, Repub
lican of Missouri, has introduced a
bill in Congress providing that per
sons accused of lynching shall be
tried in Federal instead of State
courts, and that those found guilty
of participating in lvnchings shall
suffer the death penalty. Every one
ought to get behind this bill and
push its passage. It is infinitely bet
ter than the McCormick bill which
authorizes a commission to "study"
Delegates to the United States of
the Haitian Patriotic Union, outlining
the history of the American Occupa
tion of Haiti, which was presented to
the State Department and the Sen
ate Foreign Relations Committee re
cently, The Nation, the great nation
al weekly which has shown so much
interest in matters pertaining to the
colored people, says:
"No graver indictment of an Amer
ican administration has ever been
made than is contained in this tem
perately written memorial. The apancient
pended list of atrocities it is difficult
for an American to read without
A QUESTION OF STATUS.
No study is necessary the 1
facts are patent. Minnesota has done
her part by enacting an anti-lynch-over
ing law. Now give us a national law.
THE APPEAL is not particularly
enthusiastic about inter-racial coun
cils and believes they are absolutely
unnecessary in the North. They may
be necessary in the South, but there
is the ever present danger that jim
crow colored men will get on
and surrender the rights of
The Crisis -in the May issue gives
this good advice in the matter:
"Meantime, may we not advise our
inter-racial friends,do not fill your
committees with 'pussy-footers' like
Robert Moton or 'white-folks' nig
gers' like Isaac Fisher. Get more
real men who dare to look you in the
eye and speak the truth and who re
fuse to favor and lie. An ounce of
truth outweighs a ton of impudence.
Do not seek to mislead or lull by
platitudes and generalities.
Let your 'black mammy* sleep and
show your 'best friendship' by deeds,
not words Do not dodge or duck.
Face the fundamental problems: the
Vote, the 'Jim-Crow* car, Peonage and
The Monitor of Omaha, prints un
der the above heading, an editorial
which is so logical and conclusive
that we publish it in full:
"Well meaning people cannot un
derstand why the American of color
objects to being set apart by him
self. They seem to think that he
not satisfied with his own people
and is therefore trying to force him
self into places and among people
who do not want him. This is to
miss the whole point. I is simply a
question of status. He objects to be
ing singled out and set apart and
denied privileges inherent in Amer
ican citizenship because he knows
that such procedure gives him a sta
tus of inferiority, which no self
respecting American citizen can ac
cept. He is either an American citi
zen or he is not. The Constitution of
the United States considers him
Jazz music is popular with masy
people, because they have not been
trained to appreciate music of the
better kind. Those who ought to
know say, that jazz music is detri
mental to both morals and health.
Shakespeare said that "music hath
charms to soothe the savage breast."
Well, jazz was tried on the animals
of the New York zoo the other day
and the monkey registered emotion,
of a rather savage kind. Then
the latest jazz was banged into the
ears of lions and their mates. All
hopped to their feet, with fur brist
ling. The hippopotamus wrecked the
experiment by diving into her tank
and shutting out the racket. The
elephants seemed to tremble with
Now comes Dr. Robertson, Health
Commissioner of Chicago, who says
the pace that kills is the kind set to
the jazz band. And the man or
woman who is charmed by the indigo
toots of the saxophone will fill a
dancer's grave. "Get back to rhythm,"
counsels the doctor. "If you must
dance and it is great exercisewaltz.
Nothing is more beautiful or bene
"There are a few things the human
frame is not equipped to do one of
them is the shivering, quivering, raz
zle-dazzle, nerve-racking and current
form of amusement obtained by keep
ing time to the screams and whistles
of modern jazz orchestras^ Consider
the cat. Tabby has more endurance
than any other animal. Why? Be
cause she is the most rhymthmical
animal in the world. Even its purr
is rhymthical. If a cat tried to
shimmy every night or to toddle and
do the lame giraffe it would die in
no time. Music is one of the best
preventives of nervous disorders, I
know. It's a home necessity. But
jazz music isn't. If you hear enough
of it, it will set you crazy."
A religious paper published in
London "deplores the visit of Crown
Prince Hirohito of Japan, because of
its harmful effects on U. S. opinion
and because of the Japanese hatred
of our religion." Can you beat that?
eCrtainly there is no reason why the
Japanese should love Christianity.
Th colored people of the U. S. have
accepted Christianity, but Caucasian
has done far more to de
grade them than to uplift the race.
So-called Christians in the U. S. en
acted the exclusion and land laws.
The Japs are no fools.
The dispatches say the Igorrotes
told the Wood-Forbes mission, now
in the Philippines, that they did not
care for freedom, but preferred U.
S. rule. The Igorrotes are dog-eaters
and a doggone dirty ignorant lot.
,Tlie intelligent Filipinos desire the
freedom and independence which the
United States promised-them Here
in the U. S. there is a class of color
ed men who eat chicken instead of
dog, but are lower than the dog
eaters because they cringe and fawn
and say they do not wish their rights.
American citizen, American piractice|born in Kentucky and know.jt^^
but they do not
Thae Japrs are the people. They
allow other people to put anything
them without a grand kick.
They will renew at an early date
their protets against the laws of
California and other states prohibit
ing them from owning land. Now,
why should not colored citizens of
the United States protest against
laws which deny or abride their
"Ameriac is looked to for the moral
of the yforld more than to
any other country in the world,"
says the Rev. Mr. Atkinson, secretary/
of the World Church Alliance, who'
has just returned from Europe. The
European people have another think
coming. If the U. S. is to assume
the moral leadership, God help the
"Most all the modern theories of
democracy and social reorganization
are fonud in Plato," says Horace J.
Bridges, professor in Chicago Uni
versity. We think Mr. Bridges is
mistaken as we can not recall that
Plato advocated the jimcrow system
now in vogue in this alleged de
A correspondent writing from the
Philippines says that the Filipinos
have made great progress in playing
baseball and are therefore fit for
self-government. There are thousands
of good baseball players in the South
but in many places they are prevent
ed from voting if they happen to be
The U. S. through Secretary of
State Hughes asks equity it grants in
rights of the world. An open
field and favors to is Hughes' stand.
That would be a good principle to
apply to ALL the citizens of the
Education in Georgia is about a
20 to 1 shot for the colored child
that is the per capita for colored is
$1 while the white child has $20 ex
pended on his education in the pub
lic schools of the state.
Census reports show that Kentucky
has lost about 10 per cent of its
colored population. Well, Kentucky
a good state to Ieave.^We were
HOME OF J. E. JOHNSON
526 St. Anthony Ave., St. Paul.
OR warm days you will find
a pair of perfect-fitting Flor
sheim Oxfords a most satisfying
investment. Theyfitthe ankle
and hug the heel as if made to
measure. Florsheims will give
you style with comfort
STANLEY SHOE CO.
431 ROBERT ST., ST. PA.TJIL,
N. W. Phone Cedar 2496
Diamonds and Bracelet Watches Our Specialty
SUCCESSOR O M.L.FINKEL STEIN*
391 Robert Street, Near Sixth St
STEVE HURLEY, Manager St Paul
CSA^ HOMECarrDR. OF O. D. HOWAR^^^^g*^'
4**V,"*c -tf, Wki