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The Appeal. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn. ;) 1889-19??, November 05, 1921, Image 2

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TME APPEAL
AN AMERICAN NEWSPAPER
ISSUED WEEELI
J. .ADAMS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER
i
ST. PAUL OFFICE
?,,ock,
No. 301-2 Com:
21 E. 4th st
J. fc ADtUS Manager.
PHONE: N. W. CEDAR 5649.
MINNEAPOLIS OFFICE
Mo. 2812 Tenth Avenue ^owth
J. N. SEIXERS, Manager.
Kntered at the Poatofflce In St. Paul,
Minnesota, as aecond-claas mail
matter, Jnne 6. 1885, under
Ac of ConrrtHm,
March 3, 1870.
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SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1921.
WOULD SEGREGATE AMERICANS.
President Harding made a speech
Wednesday at Birmingham, Ala., on
the race pioblem, which displayed re
markable misinfoimation on the sub
ject due to the fact that he has evi
dently studied from one side only.
Of course Mr. Harding is right,
when he says that the colored man
shoukl have political, educational and
economic rights, but he is wrong
when he says that he is not entitled
to every right to which every other
group of Americans is entitled. The
piesident has no right to say that
one-eighth of the population of the
United States must be differentiated
any way from the other seven
eighths.
In his special message to the Con
gress which met March 4, Mr. Hard
ing said that he looked with favor on
the idea of the appointment of an in
ter-iacial commission to study racial
conditions in the United States.
Thcie was no need for haste in an
nouncing his view on a question which
could not have been studied properly
the short time since he, in June,
1921, announced his intention to do,
owing to his many and pressing offi
cial duties, and it seems that the
Piesident has taken advantage of an
oppoitunity and thrust his views upon
the public ear, for the purpose of cre
ating a sentiment in favor of his ideas
on the subject, which we*e evidently
obtained from individuals and books
favorable to the South but inimical to
the real interests of the colored peo
ple.
The President erroneously con
founds "social equality" with amalga
mation. He says that amalgamation
cannot be, but it exists, it has always
existed and always will exist. The
combined efforts of the law and pub
lic opmion have failed to prevent the
nixing of the races. Throughout the
ages there has been so much racial
mixing that today the scientists and
ethnologists agree that there is no
such thing as a pure race. In no
other country on the globe has there
been more racial mixing than in the
United States which is the melting
pot of the world. The majority of
the people of the United States are
mixtures of various races and the
greater part of this majority is com
posed of people with more or less
Negro blood. The iracial mixing in
the South is almost wholly illegitimate
as the laws make marriage between
the races a crime.
Now as to social equality, that ex
ists in some part of the United
States and it is only in those parts
THE SIN OF SILENCE
of the country which have more or
less of social equality that the colored
people have- any rights which the
white people respect. The very words,
"social equality" imply that all rights
are- secure. In the South there is
neither equality nor respect for rights.
The contempt for the colored man is
largely due to his inferior social
status, which extends through all hu
man relationships in that benighted
section of the country. Even at the
speech of the President the colored
people were segregated and the dis
patches say, "In the white section
there was a sileence which was abso
lute and stony, only one light flutter
of applause came when the President
said, "The Negro should be encour
aged to be the best possible Negro
and not the best possible imitation of
the white man." This seemed to
please a few of the whites who evi
dently visioned a "good Negro" of
slavery days, who hat in hand bowed
low when "ole massa" approached.
The South has a queer idea of so
cial equality. In the North "social
equality" in its narrow sense, inti
mate social mingling in private house
parties, dances, pink teas, etc. In
the South the idea is distorted so that
it includes civic rights, hence the jim
crow car, the j'imcrow school, the
jimcrow library* the jimcrow park, the
jimcrow telephone booth and so on ad
nauseam.
When Harding was a candidate for
President, THE APPEAL doubted
that he would give colored people a
square deal and was not disposed to
support him but we were reassured
by letters signed by Chairman Hays
and Secretary Miller and many lead
ing Republicans, as well as the .jim
crow campaign bureau that he would
be just to his allies. Also Editor Wil
liam Monroe Trotter said that he had
had a personal interview with the
President and he had promised to aid
in eliminating segregation. Then
came a speech to a number of colored
delegations from the Harding front
porch, which began with, "Fellow
Americans" and ended with, "Colored
men, America will not fail you."
These assurances caused THE AP
PEAL to give candidate Harding
enthusiastic support. Our support,
probably, had little to do with the
To sin by silence when we should
protest makes cowards out of men.
The human race has climbed on pro
test. Had no voice been raised against
injustice, ignorance and lust, the in-
quisition yet would serve the law, and
guillotines decide our least disputes.
The few dare must speak and
speak again to right the wrongs of
many.Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
seemed to forget his promises. Se
gregation in the departments at
Washington was continued, three or,
victory, but is mentioned to show that whether they are black or white, red,
this paper was not prejudiced against yellow or brown, should meet in all
him. human relationships without racial
Soon after the President assumed' differentiationssimply as AMERI-
his duties it was noticed that he
lously avoid is the development of
group and class organizations in this
country." He argued against the very
thing which he has previously argued
for. There are just as many differ
ences between the individuals of any
one race as their are between the peo
ple of any number of races. The
idea of race differentiation in any
form in the law, in the functions of
the government, and in public asso
ciation is contrary to a just concept
of a democracy in which all men are
presumed to be equal, and is repug
nant to the highest ideals of the
Christian's God, who is declared to
have made of one blood all nations
of men. If Mr. Harding is right,
Christianity is wrong.
If Mr. Harding had had the time
to study the question and he had
studied it with an open mind he would
have found that in France, Spain and
Portugal, there have never been any
racial hatreds founded on the color of
the skin and the same is true of South
and Central America. In these coun
tries, unhampered by class and color
distinctions colored men have risen to
the highest places in every branch of
human endeavor. There are more
full-blooded Negroes in Brazil than
in the United States and, counting
the mixed-blood population of black,
Indian and white, and the pure whites,
the population totals over 30,000,000
who live together in perfect harmony,
without any public differentiation of
race. There are no social barriers
whatever in Brazil and it is a com
plete refutation of the idea that there
must be social bars between theme
and women who are citizens of a
country.
Color differentiation means the as
cendency of one caste and the degra
dation of the other. Social equality
does not necessarily mean amalgama
tion. That should be a matter for
individuals to determine. During the
coming disarmament parley, the Japa
nese will be treated with the greatest
social consideration. They will be
wined and dined and received at every
social function, meeting people who in
their hearts hold hatred toward them,
and in spite of all the social mingling
it is safe to say that not a single
marriage will result.
In a democracy like ours, all men,
CA NS.
four jimcrow colored men were ap- sium of views of colored editors in
pointed to jimcrow government posi-' various parts of the country on the
tions. Colored youth were segregated speeches of President Harding in Bir-
in the army training camps and col-! mingham, Ala., and Atlanta, Ga.
ored men were not allowed to enlist, One of the strongest of these is an
the navy. In every way the Hard-' editorial from the Richmond (Va.)
mg administration has stood for the Planet, by that fearless journalist,
segregation of colored citizens and it, John Mitchell, Jr. Referring to the
is sad to relate that some jimcrow desire of President Harding to have
men accept this jimcrow settlement more "negro" leaders developed, The
of matters. iPlaret says:
THE APPEAL does not believe, as! THE SOUTH IS FULL OF THIS
Mr. Harding puts it, that there is a
JIM CROW LEADERS.
We present in this issue a sympo-
(KIND OF LEADERS. DR. BOOK-
"fundamental, eternal and unescap-'ER T. WASHINGTON DID HIS
able difference between the races." PART IN DEVELOPING THIS
To do so would be to challenge God KIND OF LEADERSHIP. IN LAT-
and Christianity. It is a distinct de-1ER YEARS HE REALIZED THAT
parture from the ideals of the found- HE HAD GONE TOO FAR, TO THE
ers of the Republic who declared that EXTENT OF ELIMINATING THE
"all men are created equal and en-. PRINCIPLES OF MANHOOD,
dowed by their Creator with certain' WITHOUT WHICH NO RACE CAN
inalienable rights, among them life,'RISE TO THE FULL HEIGHT OF I common American citizenry?
liberty and the pursuit of happiness."' AMERICAN CITIZENSHIP.
After his argument in favor of a Thfs is a strong statement yet it is
distinct place for the black and col- absolutely true. No single thing in
ored people, Mr. Harding tells us that the history of the colored people in
the "one thing we must most sedu- the United States has done so much
as
long championed.
51?
*8f
Washington delivered in Atlanta, Ga.,
in 1895.
Since then the descent to hell has
been swift and sure and the depths
were sounded when the other day,
Warren G. Harding, President of the
United States, stood by the side of
the Grady monument in Atlanta, pro
nounced a eulogy on Henry W.
Grady, the most bitter, dangerous and
insidious enemy of the colored people
that the country has produced, de
clared that the race question must be
settled by the segregation of Ameri
can citizens.
Lured on by the enthusiastic recep
tion by the South of the B. Washing
ton speech and the white man's
"good negro" pat on the shoulder, the
jimcrow leaders' tribe has increased
so enormously that it is now a men
ace to be reckoned with in every com
munity in which there are a hundred
colored men.
Before he died Booker Washington
repented in bitterness what he had
done and longed for life to wash out
his unwise course but it was too late.
Although it may be news to many, it
is a fact that after his death an ar
ticle, written by him, was printed in
a leading magazine, in which he re
pudiated segregation which he had so
No greater calamity could befall
the colored people than the harvest
ing of a new crop of "jimcrow negro
to prevent the full attainment of citi-, the President of the United States did
zenship as that speech of Booker!not know it. The Southland is full
made a complete surrender of the
doctrines and principles of the Re-i
publican party as taught and prac-'
ticed by its foundersLincoln, Grant,
Stevens, Sumner, Garfield, Harrison,
McKinley and Roosevelt. These men
not only preached the doctrine of civil
and political equality of all men irre
spective of race, color or creed, but'j
reduced it to a practice in their ad
ministrations.
During the administration of Grant,
colored men were accorded every
right and privilege due to every other
group of American citizens. Their
voices could be heard in Congress, in
the legislatures and in all the coun
cils of the party. They held high po
sitions of honor and trust, and the
same was true under Garfield, Harri
son, McKinley and Roosevelt.
President Harding and the Colored
American.
(From the Boston Guardian.)
In regard to President Harding's
speech at Birmingham, Ala., on
Wednesday of this week, October 26,
1921, we would say this Republi
can President that, persons of color
born in the United States of America,
most of whose parents and grandpar
ents and great-grandparents were
born in the U. S. A. see no reason
why they should be expected to be
willing to be simply black people and
not fully and wholly Americans, any
more than Jews born here are expect
ed to be willing to be simply Jews,
Irish simply Irish, Italians simply
Italians, and so on with the many
race varieties here.
We demand that there be no dis
tinction put upon us for race or color
in public matters that is not put on
every other race in this, our common
country. We know as the white
Americans know that there is no es
sential difference between human be
ings, and just as much superficial dif
ference except in color or feature be
tween white races here as between
Americans of color and those called
white. Nature has amply proven this
before the eyes of all Americans with
the aid of the white man's imposi
tions upon colored women. We ob
ject to being made the only everlast
ing aliens in our own land by any en
forced separation in the public life of
everlasting protest.
The crux of the matter is this:
Why does not President Harding ask
us to be good and true and efficient
American Why did he not ask white
and black to be alike one uniform ele
ment of patriotic Americans, none
trying to be good as white folks, none
to be good as black folks, but all one
of this kind of leaders. Dr. Booker
T. Washington did his part iri devel
oping this kind of leadership. In
later years he realized that he had
gone too far to the extent of elimi
nating the principles of manhood,
without which no race can rise to the
full height of American citizen.
He declared that the race problem
was one noticeable in Africa, in South
America, in the South Seas and of
the world. Just how it can be a prob
lem in Africa, the home of the Black
Man is an amusing situation and a
most interesting one. If the black
people belong there, what are the
white people doing in the land of the
Ethiopian But then this is raising
another question. It seems to us that
President Harding might have cited
quotations from that Holy Bible upon
which he took his oath of office and
he would have found therein funda
mental principles, the observance of
which will settle all problems, racial
and otherwise.
The foregoing is an excerpt from a
three-column editorial in the Planet,
Richmond, Va., edited by Hon. John
Mitchell, Jr., which is too long to
print in full.
Th
.o
den
leaders." America comes at a time when si
lence is no longer endured and upon a
subject wholly uncalled for. 'Twere
A Complete Surrender. be
(From the Atlanta Independent.) ton andmkept silent than to advocate
The Harding administration has
an
Unite
Part
th
ca
den
i
Ne
Preslden
Ha S
statu
first
uttanc
th
Th
il- hSpoken.P
th
(Froe theer Denver Star.)
tter that he remained in Washing
for
l
re
un-Americanism. The
mandhas
so-c
tn
suffered enough from
alle friends of the Republi-
States advocate
Whey does the Presi-
social equality as a cause to the black
man, when 8 millions white
man's amalgamated sons and daugh
tern make up one-eighth the popula-
the country. It must come over our tors for the passage of the anti-
The President in Alabama.
(From the Richmond Planet.)
From the way our distinguished
President is handling the situation,
we were just as well off under Presi
dent Grover Cleveland and President
Woodrow Wilson as we expect to be
under President Warren G. Harding,
whose praises we have sung from one
section of this country to the other
and whose success we had prayed for
from the time he was nominated up
to the time that he was elected. He
has not exactly gone back on us as
his supoprters, but he is giving voice
to some Strang utterances, which
sound strangely like those of the
Democratic leaders, whom we have
been opposing.
President Harding says that there
must be such education among the
colored people as will enable them to
develop their own leaders, capable of
understanding and sympathizing with
such differentiation between the races
as he has suggestedleaders who will
inspire the race with proper ideals of
race pride, of national pride, of ^n
honorable destiny, an important par
ticipation in the universal effort for
advancement of humanity as a whole.
country Ifofththe colore
thi
tio
woman was good enough to give birth
to their children she ought to be good
enough to marry them.
Why did the Supreme Court uphold
jimcrow laws of the South? Was
that social equality? Why do depart
ments at Washington discriminate
and segregate the colored employees?
Is that social equality? Why dodge
the issue? Why do the lily-white Re
publicans bar colored men and women
from voting? Is that social equality?
Why doesn't President Harding em
ploy colored men to positions they
have held since 1865? Is that social
equality
Thousands of our sons lay asleep
upon the torn bosom of France who
died for this country of justice that
you portray as a barrier to the so
cial life of our race.
We will stand ready to defend our
race in the sunshine of whose society
-we are ever happy. We want equal
ity that is given every other citizen
under the Constitution. We will ac
cept nothing less.
The President has spoken. Let the
historians write: "Failed."
President Harding Runs True to Form.
(From the Philadelphia American,)
President Harding, in his address at
the semi-centennial in Birmingham,
Ala., on Wednesday last, nobly sus
tained his unenviable reputation as a
discreet follower of sectional senti
ment. When he addressed an audi
ence in Ohio some time ago, he in
sisted that the colored citizen should
be given the equal protection of the
law in the exercise of his rights as
such. In Alabama, he claimed that
there could and should be no such
thing as social equality between the
races. Not one word is he reported
as uttering, in favor of equal protec
tion of the law, the enforcement of
the Federal Consttiution, nor against
lynching or the roasting of human be
ings at the stake. He did not even
as
This kind of education has been in a permanent treaty alliance with the
operation for nearly half a century. British empire wMen independence is
We are dumbfounded to learn that' grarifed.
the moral support of his audi-
lynching bill now before Congress.
About all of these important things,
he was absolutely silentand why?
The President knew that such matters
as enforcing the law against murder,
mob violence, peonage and the right
of suffrage were unpopular subjects
to discuss in the South hence, he
journeyed all the way to Birmingham,
Ala., to tell the folks down there that
social equality between the races were
impossible. Good news and glad tid
ings, we fancy, peace on earth and
good will to all white men in the
South. The President's mental ba
rometer is unerring in pussyfooting
on the race question. We do not
agree with the President that our
ideal should be the best possible black
man, nor the best possible white man,
nor an imitation of such but rather
the best possible man stripped of both
qualifications. If the President had
discussed the race question from the
standpoint of equality before the law,
the equal protection of the law, equal
civil and political rights and one
standard of citizenship to be support
ed and maintained by the law
throughout the nation, he would have
deliverefl a message to the people of
the country and those of Alabama in
particular, that would have been well
worth the effort.
EGYPT TO BE FREE.,
A special cable from London says
that England will soon give Egypt
independence. The question of the
abolition of the protectorate is said to
be the basis of a discussion now go
ing on in the British cabinet and also
COLORED AMERICANS MUST ACT.
The Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill "has
been reported favorably by the com
mittee of the judiciary.
It is known as the
DYER ANTI-LYNCHING BILL
H. R. 13.
Now is the time to flood Congress
with telegrams, letters, even personal
visits to Washington.
We must let this Congress know
that a failure to bring the Dyer Bill
to a vote will be regarded as a be
trayal.
We must let each representative
know that a vote against the Dyer
Bill will be known as a vote for
lynching.
GET BUSY, COLORED AMERI
CANS!
ANTI-LYNCHING BILL APPROVED.
The Dyer Anti-lynching Bill re
ported favorably in the House of Rep
resentatives at Washington Thurs
day provides that the county in
which the outrage takes place shall
pay |10,000 to the family of the vic
tim.
Representative Dyer of St. Louis,
author of the bill, gave notice he will
press for early enactment.
The bill defines a lynching mob or
riotous assembly as constituting "five
or more persons acting in concert to
deprive a prisoner of life without au
thority of law."
States or governmental subdivi
sions failing to protect a person
against such act shall be held to have
denied the person of his guaranteed
protection under the federal Consti
tution.
State, county or municipal officers
failing to make all reasonable efforts
to protect against a lynch mob or in
failing to arrest and' prosecute mem
bers of such a mob shall be tried
in federal district courts on felony
charges, and on conviction be subject
to imprisonment not exceeding five
years or a fine of $5,000, or both.
Persons participating in the lynch
ing mob are liable to imprisonment
for five years.
That the strenuous activities of
the N. A. A. C. P. had much to do
with this favorable consideration
there is no doubt.
A MISGUIDED MOVEMENT!
THE APPEAL has noticed in sev
eral papers the organization of the
Federal Employes' League composed
of colored federal employes, which we
believe is a great mistake and will
only serve to increase the segregation
now practiced in Washington.
There is already a Federal Em-
TT
ployes Union which no color lme'
Men and women, do not segregate
yourselves.
f&f
Iff*
I
"HUMAN NATURE'S FOULEST BLOT."
My ear is pained
My soul is sick with every day's report
Of wrong and outrage, with which earth is filled.,
There ia no Mesh in man's obdurate heart.
It ctoes not feel for man: the natural bond
Of brotherhood is severed as the flax
That falls asunder at the touch of fire.
He finds his fellow guilty of a skin
Not colored like his own: and having power
To enforce the wrong, for such a worthy cause
Dooms and devotes him as his lawful prey.
Thus man devotes his brother, and destroys:
'Tis human nature's broadest foulest blot. Cowper.
ft,VE
NEW BOOZE RULES
The wets throughout the country
are jubilant over the action in Con
gress allowing, under-the new rules
affecting beer, wine and liquors con
siderable modification.
The new rules cover comprehen
sively the use of beer, wines and spir
ituous liquors as medicines. The
amount of beer a physician^ may pre
scribe at one time for the use of the
same person is limited to two and
one-half gallons, the equivalent of a
case, but no arbitrary limit is placed
on the number of such prescriptions
a physician may write or the same
person may obtain within a given pe
riod.
Two quarts of wine is the limit put
on a single prescription for that bev
erage, but otherwise the regulations
are the same as for beer.
Spirituous liquors are limited to
one pint within any ten-day period,
and alcohol for external use is limited
to a pint to the same person at one
time.
Prescriptions for these medicines
may be filled only by a licensed phar
macist who is also a retail druggist,
or a licensed pharmacist in the em
ploy of a retail druggist.
And the anti-prohibitionists feel
like they can enjoy more "personal
liberty" than they have been allowed
for some time.
So far as Minnesota is concerned
there is a state law that will prohibit
very much indulgence and there are
other states that will not be mate
rially affected.
The only states where the state
laws do not interfere with the pre
cription of beer under the federal reg
ulations are California, Connecticut*,
Massachusetts, Missouri, New Jersey,'
New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Is
land, Wisconsin, and in some sections
of Maryland and Louisiana.
Many permits have been issued for
the manufacture and sale of beer in
Wisconsin and Milwaukee has 5,000,-
000 gallons ready now.
Both wets and drys are considerably
wrought up over the situation and
there is much speculation over what
will be the ultimate outcome.
Mr. Harding Down South.
To the Editor:
The colored man, according to Mr.
Harding in his Birmingham speech,
"should seek to be the best possible
black man, and not the best possible
imitation of the white man." This is
the Harding standard for the race.
We admit that many respects the
white man is a poor model for imi
tation, as in lynching, discriminatory
practices against his friends and his
arrogant assertion of superiority by
birth and color, but why does not Mr.
Harding advise us to become the best
i i i .possible men, and forget distinctions
bot
Sl
eknowa is drawn and to which federal em- course,h wed how har it i
ployes of all races, creeds and colors
are admitted, so the "formation of a
segregated organization is not only
not necessary but positively danger
ous.
It is not surprising that Perry W.
Howard is the president of the or
ganization. The article refers to him
as a Special Assistant Attorney Gen
eral, which he is not. Mr, Howard is
Special Assistant TO the Attorney
General which is quite a different
thing. It is a segregated place.
How the^men who have gone into
this organization can hope to eradi
cate segregation by segregating them
selves is not clear. The colored fed
eral employes should become mem
bers of the union which is open to
all and work in harmony .with their
brother employes of various races,
creeds and colors.
H Good Coal
Guaranteed Weights
Prompt Service
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THE C. REISS COAL CO.
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GARFIEL 5341 8 5 E 4th GARFIEL 5341
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tavoifdeOo logical and -aatp the sam time
offending the South while a recipient
of its hospitality, but it does seem
amusing, as well as pathetic, that in
the same speech he says: "The one
thing we must sedulously avoid is the
deevlopment of group or class organ
izations in this country." Gee, but it
is hard to straddle!
J. MILTON SAMPSON,
Dicertor of Research and Records,
Chicago Urban League.
Chicago.
"The Georgia Peach"
(From the Chicago Whip.)
It is reported that Henry Lincoln
Johnson will soon be confirmed. He
may be confirmed by the Serfate com
mittee, but he will never be confirmed
by the celestial committee which
passes upon the fitness of men to en
ter into the land of eternal reward.
Lincoln Johnson, in his own heart,
knows that he is not a fit represent
ative of the colored people in Ameri
ca, and any who know of his activi
ties Chicago preceding the election
of President Harding will agree. Yet
fate sometimes plays a peculiar card.
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