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The Appeal. (Saint Paul, Minn. ;) 1889-19??, January 28, 1922, Image 1

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VOL. 38 NO. 4
The whole rural world to In a
ment of unrest, and there is an un-
independent men have come together
and banded themselves into active
unions, societies, farm bureaus, and so
forth, for no sufficient cause.
Investigation of the subject conclu
sively proves that, while there is much
(overstatement of grievances and mis
conception of remedies, the farmers
are right in complaining of wrongs
ilong endured, and right In holding that
jit Is feasible to relieve their ills with
'benefit to the rest of the community.
iThis being the case of an industry
jthat contributes, In the raw material
form alone, about one-third of the na
tional annual wealth production and
Is the means of livelihood of about 49
per cent of the population, it is ob
vious that the subject Is one of grave
concern. Not only do the farmers
make up one-half of the nation, but
the well-being of the other half de
pends upon them.
So long as we have nations, a wise
policial economy will aim at a large
degree of national self-sufficiency and
self-containmept. Rome fell when the
food supply was too far removed from
the belly. Like her, we shall destroy
our own agriculture and extend our
sources of food distantly and precari
ously, if we do not see to it that our
farmers are well and fairly paid for
their services. The farm gives the
nation men as well as food. Cities
derive their vitality and are forever
renewed from the country, but an Im
poverished countryside exports intelli
gence and retains unintelligence.
Only the lower grades of mentality
and character will remain on, or seek,
the farm, unless agriculture is capable
of being pursued with contentment and
adequate compensation. Hence, to em
bitter and impoverish the farmer is to
dry up and contaminate the vital
sources of the nation.
The war showed convincingly how
dependent the nation Is on the full
productivity of the farms. Despite
herculean efforts, agricultural produc
tion kept only a few weeks or months
ahead of consumption, and that only
by increasing the acreage of certain
staple crops at the cost of reducing
that of others. We ought not to for
get that lesson when we ponder on
the farmer's problems. They are truly
common problems, and there should
be no attempt to deal with them as
if .hey were purely selfish demands
of a clear-cut group, antagonistic to
the rest of the community. Rather
should we consider agriculture in the
light of broad national policy, just
as we consider oil, coal, steel, dye
stuffs, and so forth, as sinews of na
tional strength. Our growing popula
tion and a higher standard of living
demand Increasing food supplies, and
more wool, cotton, hides, and the rest.
With the disappearance of free or
cheap fertile land, additional acreage
and increased yields can come only
from costly effort. This we need not
expect from an impoverished or un
happy rural population.
It will not do to take a narrow view
of the rural discontent, or to appraise
it from the standpoint of yesterday.
This is peculiarly an age of flux and
change and new deals. Because a
thing always has been so no longer
means that it is righteous, or always
shall be so. More, perhaps, than ever
before, there is a widespread feeling
that all human relations can be Im
proved by taking thought, and that it
is not becoming for the reasoning ani
mal to leave his destiny largely to
chance and natural incidence.
Prudent and orderly adjustment of
production and distribution in accord
ance with consumption is recognized
as wise management in every business
that of'farming. Yet, I venture
to say, there Is no other Industry in
which it is so important to the pub
licto the city-dwellerthat produc
tion should be sure, steady, and in
creasing, and that distribution should
be in proportion to the need. The un
organized farmers naturally act blind
ly and Impulsively and, in conse
quence, surfeit and dearth, accompa
nied by disconcerting price-variations,
harass the consumer. One year pota
toes rot in the fields because of excess
production, and there is a scarcity of
the things that have been displaced
to make way for the expansion of the
potato acreage next year the punish
ed farmers mass their fields on some
other crop, and potatoes _enter the
class of luxuries and so on.^J
Agriculture is the "greatest and fun
damentally the most Important of our
American industries. The cities are
but the branches of the tree of na
tional life, the roots of which go deep
ly into the land. We all flourish or
decline with the farmer. So, when we
of the cities read of the present uni
versal distress of the farmers, of a
lump of six billion dollars In the farm
rvalue of theft crops in a single year,
Some Aspects of the
Fanners' Problems
By BERNARD M. BARUCH
(Reprinted from Atlantic Monthly)
.BarftMel,YQjum^MJnte^ity^of,de^^re.
of their inatolity to meet mortgages or
.M to pay current bills, and how, seeking
relie
fro
nm
twmiW, mimaum, PWW*^* an abolishing frain exchanges, private
ominous swarming of occupational oon- cattle markets, and the like, we ought
not hastily to brand them as economic
heretics and highwaymen, and hurl at
them the charge of being seekers of
special privilege. Rather, we should
ask if their trouble is not ours, and
see what can be done to Improve the
ferences, interest groupings, political
movements and propaganda. Such a
turmoil cannot but arrest our atten
tion. Indeed, It demands our careful
study and examination. It Is not llke
ly that six million aloof and ruggedly i
jllSf the
tuatlon
ar
0 fo poolS
Inaugurat
an stik4^j_jin4^dei^lejf^
Purely-froih self-interest,
if for no higher motive, we should
help them. All of us want to get back
permanently to "normalcy but is it
reasonable to hope for that condition
unless our greatest and most basic in
dustry can be put on a sound and solid
permanent foundation? The farmers
are not entitled to special privileges
but are they not right in demanding
that they be placed on an equal foot
ing with the buyers of their products
and with other industries?
Let us, then, consider some of the
farmer's grievances, and see how far
they are real. In doing so, we should
remember that, while there have been,
and still are, Instances of purposeful
abuse, the subject should not be ap
proached with any general imputation
to existing distributive agencies of de
liberately intentional oppression, but
rather with the conception that the
marketing of farm products has not
been modernized.
An ancient evil, and a persistent
one, Is the undergrading of farm prod
ucts, with the result that what the
farmers sell as of one quality is re
sold as of a higher. That this sort of
chicanery should persist on any im
portant scale in these days of busi
ness Integrity would seem almost In
credible, but there is much evidence
that it does so persist. Even as I
write, the newspapers announce the
suspension of several firms from the
New York Produce Exchange for ex
porting to Germany as No. 2 wheat a
whole shipload of grossly inferior wheat
mixed with oats, chaff and the like.
Another evil is that of inaccurate
weighing of farm products, which, It
is charged, is sometimes a matter of
dishonest intention and sometimes of
protective policy on the part of the
local buyer, who tears that he may
"weigh out" more than he "weighs in."
A greater grievance is that at pres
ent the field farmer has little or no
control over the time and conditions
of marketing his products, with the
result that he is often underpaid for
his products and usually overcharged
for marketing service. The differ
ence between what the farmer re
ceives and what the consumer pays
often exceeds all-possibility of justi
fication. To cite a single Illustration.
Last year, according to figures attest
ed by the railways and the growers,
Georgia watermelon-raisers received
on the average 7.5 cents for a melon,
the railroads got 12.7 cents for carry
ing it to Baltimore and the consumer
paid one dollar, leaving 79.8 cents for
the service of marketing and its risks,
as against 20.2 cents for growing and
transporting. The hard annals of
farm-life are replete with such com
mentaries on the crudeness of pres
ent practices.
Nature prescribes that the farmer's
"goods" must be finished within two
or three months of the year, while
financial and storage limitations gen
erally compel him to sell them at the
same time. As a rule, other industries
are in a continuous process of finish
ing goods for the markets they dis
tribute as ttfey produce, and they can
curtail production without too great
injury to themselves or the commu
nity but if the farmer restricts his
output, it is with disastrous conse
quences, both to himself and to the
community.
The average farmer la busy with
production for the major part of the
year, and has nothing to sell. The
bulk of bis output comes on the mar
ket at once. Because of lack of stor
age facilities and of financial support,
the farmer cannot carry his goods
through the year and dispose of them
as they are currently needed. In the
great majority of cases, farmers have
to entrust storagein warehouses and
elevatorsand the financial carrying
of theitproducts to others.
Farm products are generally mar
keted at a time when there is a con
gestion of both transportation and
financewhen cars and money are
scar je The outcome, in many in
stances, is that the farmers not only
sell under pressure, and therefore at
a disadvantage, but are compelled to3**
take further reductions in net returns,
in order to meet the charges for the
service of storing, transporting, financ
ing, and ultimate marketingwhich
charges they claim, are often exces
sive, bear heavily on both consumer
"and producer, and are under the con
trol of those performing the services.
It ts true that they are relieved of
the risks of a changing market by
selling at once but they axe quite wlll-
Defective Page
TOBACCO'S FOES
LOSING GROUN
Canvass of 7,847 Editors Shows
7,393 Communities Against
Abolishing Weed.
ANTIS LOSE THREE STATES.
Utah, Under Mormon Influence, Only
Commonwealth to Adopt Prohibi
tion Measure During Year.
"Ts tobacco going to have its scalp
added to the belt of the prohibitionist
piumuiuoms
n. beside that of the lamented but as
the question asked by Garret Smith
in an article in the current issue of
Leslie's Magazine."
The writer reaches the conclusion
that while there has been increased
agitation and legislative activity on
the subject of tobacco following the
success of the drive for prohibition
of liquor the efforts of reformers seek
ing to abolish tobacco have no general
support. This opinion is based on the
results of the questionnaires on the
subject sent out to newspaper editors
of the country by the Press Service
Company of New York City.
The questions asked were:
(1) Do you favor the enactment of
laws prohibiting the personal use of
tobacco by adults?
(2) In your judgment does the gen
eral sentiment of your community
favor such legislation?
t3) Is the use of tobacco personal
ly objectionable to you?
No arguments accompanied the ques
tions and from their form it was im
possible for any editor to determine
the attitude of the questioners.
Out of 12,5t8 editors questioned,:
7,847 replied according to the summary*
given. These editors, it is estimated,
represent a combined circulation of
21,870,046. Of the 7,847 editors reply-
ing, 7,893, or 95 per cent, represent
public sentiment in their communities.
as opposed to anti-tobacco legislation.
Only 260 editors, or 3 per cent of
those replying believed there was any
considerable sentiment favorable to
tobacco prohibition. There were 174,)
or 2 per cent, in doubt, while 20 failed.
to record their judgment.
Editors' Judgment Unbiased
"It is of special interest to note
that 569 editors in answering the first1
question, personally favored such
I legislation, although only 260 of them
i reported that public opinion also fa--
vored the prohibition of tobaccoan
i indication of the conscientious effort
made by the editors to distinguish pub
i lie opinion from their own personal
opinions," the article continues.
"The highest percentage of replies
reporting public opinion favorable to
prohibition of tobacco came from Utah,
where 42 per cent of the editors.
i thought the public were for such a
movement. Utah is the only state.
which has since adopted an anti
cigarette law. The result was fore
cast by several of the editors who
stated that the influence of the Mor
mon Church was against tobacco. The
Mormon Church is also strong in Idaho,
which is the other state where the use
1 of tobacco was recently prohibited,
but the governor has signed the bill.
just "passed, in which the prohibitory.
legislation is repealed. In this state
89 per cent of the editors estimate
sentiment in their communities as
against tobacco prohibition, which,
nevertheless, is 6 per cent below the
I average reported opposition.
"The legislature of Tennessee some
weeks ago passed and the governor
I has signed a bill repealing the anti
cigarette law of that state. The ques
tionnaire showed 93 per cent of its
editors believed the public against
anti-tobacco legislation. The legisla
ture of Arkansas has also passed a
bill repealing its anti-cigarette law.Jn
this state 94 per cent of the ediiJjp
reported against tobacco prohibition.
Arizona's Practical Joke
"A bill, introduced in the current
session of the legislature of Arizona
to prohibit smoking in public dining
rooms and other public places,, was
first amended to prohibit the consump
tion in public of peanuts, chewing
gum, tea and coffee and then defeated
by the senate. The questionnaire
returns from that state were 92 per
cent' 'no.'
"In Iowa where the 'no's* were 95
per cent a bill to repeal the anti
cigarette law has been passed and
signed by the governor.
"A bill to repeal the anti-cigarette
law in Kansas, with 89 per cent 'no's,'
is receiving the attention of its legis
lature. Last year a petition for a
referendum in Oregon to prohibit the
use of tobacco failed of sufficient sig
natures to bring the question to a
vote, and 95 per cent of the editors
declare their public against legislation.
In Oklahoma an anti-cigarette bill has
been reported unfavorably in the
bouse. The editors of that state re
ported 94 per cent against its public
support.
"Outside of Utah, where Mormon
influence predomir -V the article
concludes, "the anil tobacco move
ment appears, as In the case of Ten
nessee, Arkansas and Iowa, to be los
ing ground and is not to any consid
erable extent. supported- by^Jhe peo-
The friends of tobaccoJleel particu
larly elated over this showing, inas
much as 1920-21 was a maximum-year
In legislative circles with 42 state leg
latures in session and the tobacco sub
ject received an unusual amount of
consideration. Xz
ST. PAUL AND MINNEAPOLIS. MKR*SATURDAY JANUARY 28, 1922
HAS. IM^EIBM MNY
Alleged Thief Leaps 40 Feet and
Lands on Auto.
Then He Tries to Take 30-Foot Plunge
to Railroad Tracks, but Police
man Gets Him.
New York.This is liow~Alex Ur
banuff, twenty-six, an unemployed tail
or, accused of having robbed a woman
Of her pocketbook containing $10,
spent an evening. f'
First returned the purse containing
the money at the Bridge Plaza ele
vated station in Long'Island city,
wteare-?he is- accused ^purloining it,
when his alleged victim confronted
him.
Ran when his accuser, Mrs. Mary
Howell of 322 Crescent street
screamed for the police.
-Leaped from the end of the station
platform to the tracks..,'
Made record speed for four blocks
when pursued by a special policeman
and a crowd of men.
At a point over the Diagonal street
viaduct he almost ran into an ap
proaching train.
To save himself he leaped 40 feet
for the street.
He landed on top of! a swift pass
ing automobile and^was bounced off
to the roadway.
He saw Mounted Patrolman Kav
anaugh coming toward him, ran to
the railing of the viaduct and was
about to leap to the tracks of the
Long Island railroad, a distance of 40
feet, when he was Intercepted.
Taken to Hunter's Point police sta
tion he was finger-printed.
Suffering from shock and other in
juries, he was removed to St. John's
hospital.
Here he was found to have sus
tained a bad injury to his left leg and
shoulder and possibly internal injur
ies.
ORPHAN FINDS HOME
Miss Clara Brown, Los Angeles,
while visiting the Diamond Bar ranch,
was moved with sympathy by an.or
phaned two-day-old pig. She took the
little one, and now "Diamond" enjoys
all the comforts of a pretty home. His
happiest moments are at meal time,
when Miss Brown feeds the "baby," as
the picture shows.
Squirrel Found in
Stomach of Trout
Columbia, La.Can fish climb
a tree or do squirrels take a
bath occasionally? This is the
question being asked by G. T.
McSween. While he and his
daughter," Mrs. Annie Wear,
were fishing In Horseshoe lake
they caught five unusually large
trout, two of which appeared to
be somewhat overfed. On open
ing them, a squirrel was found
in one, and a two-pound gar fish
in the other.
How that trout got that squir
rel Is the puzzling proposition.
'OLIVER TWISTS' JAIL CLOSED
Gruel Pot of Famous St George's
.Workhouse In London Goes to
Museum.
-London.St George's workhouse.
Just south of London bridge, where
Oliver Twist had the audacity to ask
for a second helping of thin gruel, has
been closed by the poor law authorities
and the Inmates lutve been transferred
elsewhere.- '&'?.
The gruel of which Dickens' child
hero and his fellow sufferers partook
was made in a copper cauldron, which
is to be presented to the Southmark
borough council's museum.
"Floating Crematory" for Japa.' ^..s
Tokyo.Tokyo will soon have a
"floating crematory," the first of its
kind in Japan.
Two specially constructed vessels of
150 tons each, with facilities for ere-:
mating 80 bodies at a time,' will be
used. The vessels will be anchored
at a wharf at Shimmy and, after
funeral services Save been held on
board, they will leave for a point
about seven miles off the bay for the
cremation
INDUSTRIES
TIED TO TOBACCO
Prohibition of Weed Would Mean
Big Financial Loss to
Allied Trades.
WHO USES THE MATCH?
The Smoker MainlyAlso Responsible
forspending Hundreds of Millions
Annually for Licorice, Sugar,
Coal, Cigar Boxes, Tin
Foil, Etc.
By GARRET SMITH
"ot a match?" I
How many times a day is that ques-1
tion asked in these United States?
How many more times is the question
unnecessary because most pockets are
kept well supplied with the useful
little article? Anyhow, inasmuch as it
is estimated that there are 30,000,000
tobacco users in the country, we would
guess that the answer to that question
would run into 'the. hundreds of mil
lions.
For if it weren't for the smokers in
these days of electric lights how many
matches would be used? A pretty
small proportion of the number of
these "sticks of blazes'* produced in
the country every year. Abolish to
bacco ana the match business would ba
shot to pieces.
But the match business is only one
of a dozen or more allied industries
which derive large revenues directly or
Indirectly from the tobacco trade and
would suffer heavily if national pro
hibition of tobacco were to go into
effect as some of our reformers would
have it. The annual sales of tobacco
products, based on retail prices, is es
timated at $1,937,000,000. Of the cost
of producing and selling this quantity
of cigars, cigarettes and other forms
of the weed, some hundreds of million
dollars are paid out for other things
than the raw tobacco and labor of
making it up.
$25,000,000 a Year for Boxes
For example, the tobacco trade con
sumes each year 45,000,000 pounds of
licorice, 50,000,000 pounds of sugar,
both used In flavoring tobacco, and
650,000 tons of coal. It is estimated
that the value of wooden cigar boxes
used is $25,000,000 a year, quite an
item to the lumber business and to
manufacturers of the boxes.
In making these boxes 550,000
pounds of nails are employed. Other
large items used vlnmaklBg--and pre
paring tobacco for sale are tifl and
lead foil, paper for bags and cigarette
wrappers, cloth for tobacco bags, la
bels, coupons, etc., Involving the print
ing trade extensively.
Then building contractors and manu
facturers of machinery are largely in
terested. Investments In plants and
machinery employed In manufactur
ing tobacco are estimated at $102,000,-
000. Replacement, up-keep and inter
est on the investment make no small
sum annually.
And let realty men note there are
approximately 325,000 tobacco farms
in the country, with a total estimated
valuation of $160,000,000. Of further in
1 terest to real estate men is the fact
1 that there are 700,000 retalT establish
ments selling tobacco, involving a total
rental and up-keep impossible to esti
mate, besides the large amount of of
fice space occupied by administrative
branches of the general business.
The insurance men, too, have their
share of the pickings. The tobacco
bus'ness pays out annually. $7,000,000
in premiums in the United States.
And there are the railroads who reap
revenue from 2,210,000 tons of tobacco
products every year.
As for the advertising business,
here again it is Impossible to form
any estimate of the enormous annual
outlay.
The prohibition of tobacco would also
knock a good-sized hole in the receipts
of the United States government.
The internal revenue receipts from
tobacco for the fiscal year 1920 amount
ed to $295,809,355.44^ jCustoms duties
provided an additional $25,000,000 in
round figures, making the total revenue
return to the government $320,000,000.
Influence on Popular Sentiment
It Is this interlocking of the tobacco
bus'ness with so many other interests
and the vast amount of financial loss
that would be involved in the abolition
of tobacco that Is one of the most se
rious aspects of the proposal to pro
hibit the sale of tobacco, a proposal,
however, which has little support by
public sentiment if the newspaper edl
tors of the country are correct in their
estimate of that sentiment.
In a poll of the editors made recently
by the Tobacco Merchants' Association
of the United States, through the Press
Service Company of New York City,
95 per cent of the 7,847 editors who
replied expressed the_opinion that the
people of their communities were op
posed to any law against tobacco. As
these editors represent some 80,000,000
readers the results form a pretty gen
eral test of national opinion.
In their remarks accompanying their
replies many of the editors expressed
it as their opinion thSt "the oppos tion
of their communities to the abolition
-r^.of tobacco was based to some extent at
^least on the damage such a change
would do to the business interests of
the community. This was particularly
true In the tobacco growing states and
centers where there were large tobacco
plants.
But when the extent of the business
Involved in the allied interests of the
tobacco trade is considered, as above
briefly outlined, it is clear that there
Is hardly a section of the country that
would not be affected directly^ or in
directly by abolishing tobacco, itf^
23
RAVAGED BY LOCUSTS
Province in Argentina Swept by
Plague of Insects.
Disappear as Suddenly as They Come,
Leaving Desert of Country
They Pass Through.
Buenos Aires.A plague of locusts,
like that which in ancient Egypt "cov
ered the face of the earth," this year
descended upon the province of Santa
Fe. Similar offensives are almost an
nual events in one part or other of Ar
gentina.
The locusts come suddenly and with
out warning. Where for a year or sev- I
eral years perhaps not one of the in
sects has been seen, a veritable cloud
of them will one day appear and settle
on the ground. These usually come
from the northwest, from the vast al
most uninhabited tracts in Bolivia, it
is supposed. They cover the earth like
a moving carpet, gradually moving on.
At first little damage is done, aside
from the inconvenience of having lit
erally millions of the insects covering
everything and even penetrating the
houses. But as they progress through
the country they bore holes into the
earth, preferably in hard spots such as
roadways, into which they deposit
their eggs. Within a short time the
larva are hatched and come forth. -At
first these cannot fly, and it is at this
stage that they devour every living
plant within their path, with the ex
ception of a few species such as wil
low trees.
A little later the insects develop
their wings and, leaving the country
through which they have passed a
desert, they disappear almost as sud
denly as they came. Where they go
to has never been discovered.
Argentina has had recourse to many
methods of fighting the locusts. The
nation maintains organized locust
fighting squads, something like those
formed to fight fires, and these are sent
every year to the sections invaded. In
addition, every rancher is held respon
sible for fighting the pest in his own
locality.
One of the methods employed is to
dig trenches in which the insects are
collected, afterward being burned. But
no matter how many millions of them
are made away with in any such man
ner, it Is impossible to block the pest,
owing to the great extent of Argentina,
much of which is still very sparsely
settled.
DOG WEARS AUTO SPECS
Even the bow-wows are being fitted
out with goggles for motoring, accord
ing to a report from Boston, which
states that goggles for dogs have been
placed on sale there. A prominent
Boston woman who is in the habit of
taking her dog on motoring trips start
ed the fad. The dog was suffering
from eye strain as the result of riding
out on windy days.
The photo shows Towser with his
-'Specs.
Uncover Huge Ruins at
Garden of Gethsemane
London.The Palestine de
partment of antiquities, which
had charge of. the exploration
work being carried out in the
city of Ascalon, announces the
discovery of some huge marble
pillars and-statues, says a dis
patch from Jerusalem. The de
partment nas also unearthed
some medieval and Fourth cen
tury churches and mosiac pave
ments at the foot of the Mount
of Olives, leading Into the Gar
den of Gethsemane.
Run Big Bill in "Libre" Taxi.
Mexico City.In the belief that they
were graciously being extended, the
freedom of the city, several Texas ex
cursionists halted a taxlcab marked
"Libre" and toured the city half a
day.
When presented.with a rather large
bill they protested, telling the driver
his car was labeled "Free" and was
part of an entertaining committee's
courtesies.
The bill was paid when they Were
reliably informed that every taxlcab
"at liberty" or "ready to hire" is
marked "Libre."
Vjofeuried In the Wrong Town.
New Albany, Ind.Although noth
ing is known here concerning Samuel
Peacock, overseas soldier, whose body
arrived here for burial, members of
the American Legion took charge of
toe funeral.
$2.40 PER YEAR
VOODOOISM IS
FAITH O HAITI
Admiral Knapp, Investigating
Conditions, Tells Shocking
Tales of Practices.
KILL HUMANS, DRINK BLOOD
Native Is Strongly Superstitious,
Fears Evil Eye and Stands in
Great Awe of Voodoo Priests
and Priestesses.
Washington, D. CThat 95 per cent
of the natives of Haiti believe in the
African jungle faith of voodooism
which requires the sacrifice of human
beings and the drinking of human
blood Is declared by Rear Admiral H.
S. Knapp in his report to the secre
tary of the navy on investigation of
Haitian conditions.
Admiral Knapp cites a shocking
case of the trial of a voodoo priest,
who is reported to have killed 13 chil
dren, whose blood was drunk and flesh
eaten by persons present at the rites.
"Voodooism is prevalent," says the
admiral's report, "and the further one
goes from the coast Into the interior
the more openly is voodooism prac
ticed. Voodooism is essentially snake
worship, and in its extreme rites it
requires the sacrifice of human beings
and the drinking of their blood and the
eating of their flesh.
Orgies at Sacrifices.
"The human sacrifice is called the
'hornless goat minor sacrifices of
goats are made. These religious cele
brations, if the word 'religious' can
be applied to such affairs, end in dis
graceful orgies of debauchery. It is
very difficult, of course, to determine
Just how extensively the beliefs are
held, but some Haitians themselves
have asserted that probably 95 per
cent of the total population Relieves
in voodooism to a greater or less ex
tent.
"Of course, the contrary is strongly
held by apologists for the Haitian
character. It seems certain, however,
that whether it be the effect of voo
dooism or not, the average Haitian is
strongly superstitioussuperstitious
with the superstitions of the jungle.
He is afraid of the evU eye, or, as it
is called here, the 'ouanga,' and stands
In great awe of the voodoo' priests and
priestesses. It is also believed the
educated classes are not free from
much of this superstition, even where
they deny belief in or the existence of
voodooism.
Voodoo Followers Feared.
"Haitian officials high in place will
not take action against persons ac
cused of voodooism, whether because
of their own belief in It or because of
fear born of their own knowledge of
the extent to which voodooism is prev
alent among the population or of in
curring enmities. A voodoo priest has
been lately tried and sentenced, and
the proceedings of the military com
mission are now In Washington await
ing action.
"This man is said to have killed, at
one time or another, 13 children,
whose blood was drunk and whose
flesh was eaten by persons present at
the rites. The practice of similar voo
doo rites is confidently believed by
those most familiar with the situation
in Haiti to be not unusual in the re
mote places, although It Is very diffi
cult to obtain any positive evidence in
corroboration." OLD WOMAN MAKES QUILT
Makes One for Her Grandson That
Contains 5,760 Pieces of
Patches.
Medford, Wis.-Mrs. Jackson Moon
of Perklnstown has Just completed a
quilt consisting of 5,760 pieces for her
grandson, William Woods of Wausau.
The pieces were collected from
friends and neighbors. Work on the
quilt began last April. Two weeks of
continuous sewing made Mrs. Moon's
fingers so sore that she was com
pelled to abandon the work for a time,
resting her fingers by spinning for a
neighbor.
Mrs. Moon, although seventy years
old, does her own housework, enter
tains much company, helps with the
milking, churns three times a week,
markets her butter,'and no sick rela
tive or friend can find a better nurse
than she.
In the past twelve years this indus
trious lady has pieced 13 quilts each
made up of thousands of pieces, ail
sewed by hand, for Mrs. Moon does
not like to sew on a machine.
Baby Ostrich Scrappy.
Vancouver, Canada.Jonathan, the
first ostrich chick hatched in Canada,
Is progressing under the care of Zoo
Manager F. Green In Stanley park.
It was at first believed that the-rare
and valuable bird would not live, and
it was taken from its* parents and
placed In the Green home. Appear
ance of weakness proved deceptive,
for Jonathan quickly whipped the
house cat and won a decision over the
family spaniel.
A Boom Soon Punetursl4^&'
Washington Courthouse, O.This
city and farmers in the neighborhood
of Point creek had the"thrill of oB*
when it was reported all over the sur
face of the creek. It was learned lat
er that It was part of 8,000 gallons
which had escaped from a wrecked
railroad car*./
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