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MANY FAIRS TO BEHELD IN 1922 .1.-. Commercial Exhibitions Spring ing to Life After Discourage ment of War Years. FAIRS THAT 60 TO PEOPLE Future May See Fair Established in Ark of Air Capable of Carrying Message of Progressand Cul ture id Remote Places. Washington."From Winnipeg to Rio de Janeiro, and from Ghristianla and Algiers to Singapore and Tokyo, commercial fairs and exhibitions are springing to life after the discourage ment of war years, and are playing an Increasingly important part in mak ing nations acquainted with each other and with the kinds of lives each leads," says a bulletin from the Wash ington headquarters of the National Geographic society. The bulletin points out that a greater number of such expositions is scheduled for 1922 than those held in pre-war days In a decade. "Fairs have been important factors in the lives of nations and in the evo lution of society itself," continues the bulletin. "But in order to Survive th&y have had to go through some vital changes. They probably started in the dim days ot prehistoric Asia as sort of Irregular markets held at relatively long intervals and during the Middle Ages when transportation was difficult they were the chief agencies of Eu ropean trade. A Few Old Types Survive. "Where conditions have remained relatively primitive the famous old fairs have continued to function until today. The annual fair it Nizhni Novgorod continued largely to dom inate the commercial life of Russia until the revolution, and even since then the distribution of foodstuffs, tex tiles and furs through this old gather ing place of traders has been an Im portant item. For centuries it has been the gigantic exchange counter between vast areas of Asia and Eu rope. "In the portions of the world well developed with highways, canals, rail ways and ocean ports, both the local and international fairs of the old type, devoted" largely to the distribution of staple supplies, died out. But the fair Idea lived on, merely changing its form. Special industries and groups of Industries began holding expositions in England and France, and the idea spread to other countries. "Before a great while these local ized and restricted exhibits expanded to include many industries, those of foreign lands as well as their own. Soon came the full-fledged world's fairs, the first of which was held In London in 1851. Many have been held since, both In America and Europe, Paris holding the palm for numbers. "But at the root of the world fairs or international expositions was the idea of general education, and closely connected with It was the amusement aspect. They served well as occa sional more or less sugar-coated dem onstrations of the progress of the world, but they failed to measure up to the efficiency standards of the mod ern distributor. Side by side with them had grown up special interna tional Industrial exhibits and sample fairs* and by the outbreak of the World war these had been forged into modern agencies meeting Twentieth century conditions. Now that all na tions are girding themselves for an after-the-war scramble for trade such fairs are being held on all sides. "Samples of almost every conceiv able manufactured product and ma-, chine are sent to some of these ex hibits, duty free, and orders are so licited from the buyers who gather from various countries. Among the fairs of this sort which have become established institutions are those held In London, Birmingham, Bordeaux, Lyons, Brussels, Dresden, Leipzig, Prague, Barcelona and Milan and In dozens of other cities it Is planned to hold such exhibits annually. Fairs That Go to the People. "In meeting modern conditions not only have fairs been placed on a sam ple basis and confined largely to-spe cialities, machines and manufactured articles, but they are seeking out still more efficient methods of reaching larger numbers'of potential buyers. Italian manufacturers have adopted the floating fair, fitting out a special exhibit ship which anchors for a time In the various ports around the rim of the Mediterranean from Port Said to Marseilles. French distributors carried the idea of a traveling fair still further last year, sending an ex hibit train across Canada and a Czechoslovak train of a similar sort has just finished a two months' tour through the Balkans and Poland. Per haps it is not too extravagant a vision to see the fair which had its humble beginning in some far off Asiatic oasis, established in an ark of the air and capable of carrying its message of progress and foreign culture to every little center of Industry and life." 8aved by Holding Dog's Tail. Fresno, Cat.Floyd Johnson and Altan Self, both sixteen, lost in a blizzard in the mountains, thirty miles east of here, were led to safety by holding to the tail of a dog, it was learned today. A short time later a rescute party 'ir.,~j foundblinding two other boys, los in the same storm lying 't in the snow exhausted. Dog First Saves Baby, Then Runs for Help Redwood City, Calif. The faithfulness and initiative of a Scottish collie saved the life of three-year-old Jean MacAllster. The child wandered from home and was not missed until the dog appeared in great excite ment and began tugging at the skirts of Mrs. MacAttster, who was working in the yard. The mother followed "Don," the col lie, to a large pond nearly half a mile away, where she found her child lying on the bank with her clothes drenched. Apparent ly little Jean had fallen into thr pond and had heeh-ptttt#a i out by the dog. DROPS HALF-MILE IN CHUTE Mountain Climber Has Thrilling Ex perience in Heavy Snow in Washington. Snoquolmie, Wash.Stepping out to the edge of a snow-covered precipice to point out some scenery to his wife and little son, Howard Rupert, a.sales man, disappeared into loose snow. Mrs. Rupert quickly notified men nearby, who looked in vain for several hours for Rupert. They were about to give up the search on account of dark ness when the missing man appeared. He declared he had dropped into a loose snowdrift and falling through landed directly into an unused log chute to carry timber In summer to the river far below. Rupert said the chute was filled with ice and that he tobogganed down Into the valley at such a high rate of speed he could not yell loud enough to be heard. Loggers found he had taken a ride of fully half a mile In the ice bound log chute. Rupert was unin jured, but was minus a large part of his wearing apparei. BISHOP OF ALASKA Bishop Trymbal Rowe has been bishop ot Alaska for 26 years. He re cently called at the White House to pay his respects to the President. FATHER OF 28 BOSSES RANCH Declares None of His Wives or Off Spring Were Allowed to "Talk Back." Greensboro, N. C."Uncle Bob" Austin, an old-time darky living near here, Is the father of 28 sons and daughters, 26 of whom are living. All but seven having gone off to them selves, he hat taken three other chil dren to rear. Uncle Bob's first wife bore him eight children, the second, fourteen the third, still a husky young woman, six. Austin is the tenant manager of a farm. He eats three square meals a day and chews tobacco, but does not smoke and doesn't allow smoking on his premises. No wife or child of his ever gave him any "back talk" more-than once, he says. "If they gets upity I soon trims 'em," he said with a chuckle. "In my house dey must go my way." Austin is seventy-one years old and i was born a slave, He remembers hiding meat in the woods when Sher man's army came through North Caro lina after Its march through Georgia to the sea. False Teeth Scare Farmer, Union City, Mich.Farmers living near Athens have been puzzled for a week trying to solve a mystery on the farm of B. B. Adams. Christmas morning while Mr. Adams was doing the chores, he was-startled at what appeared to be a grinning face peer ing through a crack In the steps lead ing to his corncrib. Investigation dis closed a set of false teeth. No one living in that region has lost their teeth, he has learned, and how the "grinders" happened to stray to so remote a place Is a puzzle to the ruralites.. J^T FratsUss Mental Torture. ^Providence, R. I.Intellectual bar barity has replaced the traditional physical punishment applied to fresh men fraternity candidates at Brown. Now upper classmen are substituting mental torture by methods learned in psychological courses Instead of by the time-honored custom of paddling.- HAS PORCH AUTOS CAN'T rllT Postmaster Whose Home Is on Sharp Curve of Road tires of Being Bumped by Speeders. Newton, N. J.~Postmaster Lester 'T. Smith of Layton has a big front porch on his house, which is on Blng man's road at a point where there is a sharp -curve, and for many years he vhas sat there In the evenings and smoked his pipe without anything happening to him. But the other day he was having a smoke when an auto mobile came around the bend, and skidded, smashing into the porch and wrecking one end of it. The automobilist paid,for the dam age and went on his way and the post roaster sent for a carpenter, who worked allr night anct all morning put ting a new end on the porch. Late in the afternoon the postmaster went out to have another smoke, but he had hardly tilted his chair back and lighted his pipe when another auto mobile came whizzing around the curve and skidded. Once more the machine crashed into the porch and wrecked an end of it, and, since it was the end on which he was sitting, he went down with the wreckage. But he was not hurt, and he got out of the debris in time to col lect from the automobilist, who paid and drove on. Then the postmaster called for the carpenter and gave or ders, but not for a new front porch. He told the carpenter to tear down the front porch and build one on the rear of the house. "Maybe I'll have peace there," he said. "Soon as I get my new porch done they can skid all they want to, but to get me they'll have to jump over the house." BUILDING AT HIGH MARK Reports From 141 Cities in the Uni ted States Show Greatest Ac tivity in Years. New York.Building records for June, showing a total construction val ue of $218,674,499 In 141 cities, set a new high record for 1922, Bradstreet's reports. The previous high mark for the year was $206,804,015 in May. The June figure compares with $127,671,278 in June, 1921. The total for the second quarter of 1922, $683,568,331, maks a gain of 82 per cent over the high-record first quar ter of this year and of 63.7 per cent above that recorded In the same quar ter -of 4921. T^isisecond quarter's to tal, It might be noted, Is slightly In excess of the total for the combined: GERMANY EXPELS COUNTESS Hetta Trauberg, Pacifist, Driven from Native Land for Her Peace Propaganda. Vienna,Countess Hetta Trauberg, the German pacifist, who was interned by the Germans during the late war because she condemned submarine warfare, the deportation of Belgian and French women and children and the treatment of allied prisoners, has been expelled from Germany because she still persists in her peace propa ganda. She is at present In Vienna, where she Is compiling a book, deriving much of her material from the archives of Vienna. She is said to have secured war letters exchanged between the em peror of Russia, Emperor William of Germany and the Austrian emperor, Francis Joseph. GREATER NAVY FOR SWEDEN Parliamentary Commission Urges the Building of Fast Cruisers and Destroyers. first and second quarters of 1921. This. total for the half-year, with 23 cltte^pslands, Hawaii and formerly thY air yet to be heard from as to June, is $1^forces in the army of occupation in 200,998,472, a gain of 75.9 per cent over Germany the like period last year. Stockholm, Sweden.A parliamen tary commission, supported by navy experts* has proposed for the Swedish navy a building program for the next ten years of four fast armored bruis ers, twelve destroyers, six torpedo boats, three mine layers, twenty-two submarine chasers and a number of -S'Lteut smaller craft. The armored cruisers are to be 6,500 tons each, with a speed of thirty knots* With eight 21- centimeter and six 12-centimeter guns. As the proposal is based on parlia mentary consideration, there is a, prob ability of its being passed at the com ing session. Board Bill Too Heavy, Prisoner Is Released Arthur States of Lima, O., lit erally ate his way out of prison, where he was serving a term be cause of his inability to pay a fine of $1,000 on a liquor charge. He served only a few weeks when the county commissioners began figurlrig out results of the incarceration of States at a fixed amount a day to apply on his- fine. The board ordered bun par oled with the understanding that he pay $7 a month on the fine. Eleven years will be re quired to liquidate It His board I bad already cost the county $100. Commissioners figured that it would cost $1,249.50 to collect the fine for the state had he re mained in Jail. 8T, PAW. MP B1HNEAF0LIS. mt. SATURDAY DECEMBEE 2, 1922 FOR AIR SERVICE 11 Uncle Sam Has Immense Supply of Material for. Airplanes on Hand. LARGEST DEPOT IS IN TEXAS Supplies Worth $90,000,000 Stored There, While Machinery and Equip raent of Plasjfr Represent Another $1oJ,000,000. San Antonio, Tex.Not much has been said about it, but it is a fact that the United States government 'air intermediate depot situated on the outskirts of San Antonio, contains army aviation materials valued at $50,000,000, while the machinery and other equipment that go to make up the plant has an additional value of $100,000,000. It is one of the largest aviation and repair centers in the United States. The buildings which comprise the government property are of perma nent character. The speciai purpose of maintaining the depot is to keep constantly on hand a complete and large stock of airplanes and their parts for supplying the army aviation service. The warehouses are filled with hundreds of airplane wings and motors. There are thousands of mo tors. Every three months these mo tors must be taken out of their boxes, thoroughly sprayed with a form of grease to prevent rust and then treat ed to a similar coat of oil on the in side of the cylinders and other in ternal parts. They are-so delicate that they must be carefully handled. Hundreds on Hand. Several hundred complete airplanes are kept on hand Jn the boxes in which they come from the factory, and these must also be opened at regular intervals, taken out and gone over completely. In another part of the warehouse Is an assortment of tools that prob ably surpasses in size and value any in the Southwest. Its value runs into millions of dollars. Every tool that will ever be needed in the air service is in the supply section. Spare parts stored in another part of the ware house represent "anothe* huge fortune. This material goes to supply all the army air service in the United States .and, In addition, Panama, Philippine The engineering branch is charged with the repair of airplanes used by the air service In the Eighth corps area and in flying fields as far east as Florida. It is divided into several departments. There is the machine shop, one of the most complete In the country. Then comes the motor re pair, fuselage construction, rigging, fabric and upholstery, paint shop, final assembly hangar and the test hangar. Airplanes are built from the ground up at the engineering branch, but for the most part they take the old ones that are turned In by the various fields and rebuild them. Expert civilian mechanics are em ployed to do this work. Baw mate rials are kept on hand tor wing and body construction, and- whenever a spare part is needed that is not on hand it can be turned out in the shop. Wings, rudders and elevators are con structed in the shops. After the framework is completed it is taken to the fabric shop, where linen cloth is stretched over and nailed down, and then it is painted. The engineering branch was moved to San Antonio several months ago from Dallas, and took the buildings left by the air service mechanics school. Maj. William H. Garrison is in command of both branches of the depot. The monthly pay roll at the depot approximates $40,000, and, there are about 400 civilians employed as me chanics In addition to the 12 officers. The supply branch is in charge of Myron R. Wood and the en gineering branch is in charge of Capt Edward Laughlin. THREE PRINCESSES SEEK JOB 1,600 Replies Received to American Woman's "Ad" for Secretary in Geneva? Geneva.-Indication of the straits of many European noble women after the war is given in the,experience of the American wife of a Geneva banker who advertised recently in a Munich newspaper for an educated woman sec retary with a good knowledge of lan guages, and offered a salary of 800 Swiss francs monthly, In addition to a comfortable home. Thus far she has received more than 1,600 replies, from all' parts of Ger many and Austria. The applicants in clude three princesses,- nine baronesses and thirty countesses, but the majority are widows or daughters of former high officials. J^?'~*"*^ ^r:f^ Snakes in'Snot^K^- Pottsville, Pa.Notwithstanding the deep snow on the mountains, snakes are making their appearance at a num ber of places. Charles Boeder cap-, tured one alive and brought it to Schuylkill Haven, where it has.been placed on exhibition. This is the first time snakes have ever-been seen here while) anoWyla on the ground., ,_ FARMER FLEES FROM "IMPS" Tale of Tricks of Evil Spirits Ex cites People sf Nova Scotian Community. Halifax, N. S.~While no broomstick riding hags of the traditional witch features have been seen hurtling across the face of the moon, there are any number of people in Nova Scotia who will take an oath that imps of no good intent are peopling the fair hills of Antigonish county. Alexander MacDonald, a farmer, has boarded up his valley home and fled with his family and chattels in the dead of winter. His neighbors say they have seen with their own eyes, and without the assistance of potable spirits, the manifestations of the Evil lOne.i So much credence Is being given to the tales of witches and imps that a Halifax newspaper has assigned a member of Its staff to break his way through the inland snows until he reaches the MacDonald house and live there for two weeks. MacDonald and his family awoke one morning three weeks ago to find that their horses had been driven into a lather and returned to their stalls be fore dawn. The cattle had been turned out of the barns In a driving snow storm. The tails of the heifers had been braided. This was repeated the next morning and the next. The third night, Mac Donald says, the fire imps appeared. In unexpected places jets of flame would break out for no apparent reason. The following nights he called neighbors to see for themselves. They swore that they saw fires leap from bare floors and subside, or flare up from a fireless stove and disappear. In each case a bit of absorbent cot ton or highly inflammable calico was found near the source of the fire, but that only deepened the mystery. Where had the cotton and calico come from? After a week MacDonald and his fam ily fled, taking up their home In Cale donia Mills. LONDON HAS BOBETTES -Meaning policewomen of course. Here is one of the uniformed police women of the London force who Is on duty at Trafalgar Square. The Lon don cold and fog hold no fears for her, for she Is amply protected by a greatcoat and also a toughened rub ber slicker. CORSET STAY KILLS WOMAN Bone Pierces Heart When Girl Falls While Skiing in Swiss Alps. Geneva, Switzerland.A whalebone corset stay caused the death of a Zurich young woman while skiing. She was making a steep descent with a party of friends when she fell over a ledge, landing 20 feet below in deep snow. Her companions attached, no importance to .the fall, but on reaching her found the bone- had pierced her heart This is the second accident of the kind In Switzerland this winter. ,...iiit tn* "Egg Romance" Cracks Husband "Hard Boiled" Frank Olds, of Everton, Mo., wrote his name on an egg and requested the buyer to write to him. It was shipped to a cold ""storage house In Chicago, and later found its way to a res taurant, where it was boiled and sold to A romantic maiden. She wrote to "the man on the egg,4' and he replied. More cor respondence, and finally vthey were married. Now Mrs. Olds is suing'for divorce. In her bill she charges her husband with being "hard boiled," a gambler, and a small town Sport. She wants to cast him out of the 'nest. GHOST HAS APPETITE Widow's Shotgun Squad Loses Goat to Hungry Spook. la Heard at Ail Hours of the Night, but Is Never SeenCarries Off Two Sacks of Flour and 50- Pounds of Sugar. Waukegan, HI. Although four neighbors, armed with shotguns, main tain nightly vigil at the home of Mrs. Catherine Milakowich, a hungry ghost, who has domiciled himself there, con tinues to he heard but not seen. Ex cept on Mondays. He has Mondays off. They've heard him at all hours of the night. And occasionally he has made his-presence felt in other ways. For example, Michael Dezoma, a cigar manufacturer, tells how: "One Friday morning at 3 o'clock there was a funny noise at the door. The room was in darkness. I was striking a match to light a cigar. The door flew open, the match was blown out, and a hand grabbed me by the neck, choked me, and then hit me on the nose. I called to Jack Schlosser, the teamster, but the hand disappeared before we turned on the lights. I'm a brave man, but It made me nervous." The ghost has taking ways. He took two sacks of flour and 50 pounds of sugar. The other night Mrs. Milako wich heard him in the cellar. He was making a noise like target practice. When the vigilante squad arrived there the remnant of the winter's supply of coal was tossed all about the place. And Daniel, her eldest boy, dreamed the ghost walked into his bedroom one night and said: "Hello, kid." Daniel awoke the next morning to find his bed had been moved from one side of the room to the other. "It all got my goat so," said Jerry Womka, who used to live above Mrs. Milakowich, "that I moved. We couldn't sleep or anything. The ghost used to carry on at all hours of the night." The shotgun squad now maintaining vigil comprises Antonio Carrison, Waukegan cobbler James Shanes, George Mastron and Sam Surlas. They do not, they aver, believe in spooks. Still, they never separate during the wee sma'. First information of the ghost was made public when Mrs. Milakowich appealed for protection to Father Jo seph Lauerman, pastor of St. Joseph's church, of which she is a member. ""He'll -eat me-out ofhouse and home," said Mra Milakowich, who is a widow. "I don't know who he is, but he can't be my husband's ghost. My husband never had an appetite like that." 'HONOR SYSTEM' CANDY STAND Louis L. Kaufman, sophomore at Pennsylvania State college, has faith and trust In his 2,999 fellow college men. So he has erected a little candy stand with package sweets stacked on it, right beneath the window of Prexy John M. Thomas on the open porch of Old Main building, on the campus. Each morning he sets out an open pasteboard box of change and a fresh stock of candy. Then he gives his business "absent treatment" and attends his classes. He does a business of from S3 td $7 a day and says that the "losses are not worth mentioning." He is paying his way.through col lege with the profits.' Rooster That Smokes. Jamestown, N. Y.One of the unique features at the poultry show of the Chautauqua County Poultry associa tion, held here, was Warren G., a rooster, which smokes cigarettes. The bird is well trained and rides from city to city with its owner on the top of an automobile. The rooster has been exhibited before President Hard ing in the latter's private office at Washington, according to the'owner. Seaplane Is Disabled by Hitting Porpoise Pensacola, Fla.While land ing in Pensacola Bay a seaplane in which were Lieut J. Smith of the Marine Corps and Chief Machinists' Mate Balski hit a porpoise so hard that the plane was damaged beyond use and had to be towed back to the station. The porpoise came up to "blow" just as the plane leveled off to hit the surface of I .the water: i^ 0 0 0 0 0 0 $ 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 i 0 $2.40 PEE TEAR STORY DIDNT GET HEADLINE "Tiruvannamallai" Is Name of Place Where News "Broke" and That's Reason. IS CHIEF PILGRIM CENTER Scene of Recent Encounter Between Indian Police and Mob of 10,000 Natives Is Describee! by Geographic Society. Washington.One recent encounter between British Indian police and a mob of 10,000 natives was not "played up" in American newspaper headlines. The name of the town where the dis turbances occurred was Tiruvannamallai. "This town is one of the chief pil grim centers of South India but is lit tle visited by Europeans," explains a bulletin from the Washington head quarters of the National Geographic society. "This ostracism is not be cause the occidental cannot pronounce the name to ask his way, as one wag suggests. Tiruvannamallai has 40 large chuttrams, or rest houses, while the only provision for the foreigner is a small bungalow of two rooms. "Two great festivals every year and a fair every Tuesday assure the gath ering numbers of natives," the bul letin continues. "During the Kartigai festival in November or December, 100,000 pilgrims visit the finely carved temple or climb the 'Holy Flre^ Hill' which gives the town its name. At such times cholera frequently takes a heavy toll and for many years attempts have been made to improve the water supply. A Cross Roads of Religion and Trade. "Four roads meet at Tiruvannamal lai, three of them crossing the alluvial plain toward the north, soutlr and east. The fourth road carries a heavy traffic over the Chengara Pass into the Salem district. Thus the town Is not only a famous religious center but an impor tant entrepot of trade as well. "South Arcot, the district in which Tirumvannamallal is found, sweeps up from the harborless Coromandel coast fronting on the Bay of Bengal to the Eastern Ghats, the hills which mark the fall line between the plain and the plateau, whlch-drives south-like a wedge from the Deccan and splits Mad ras Presidency into two widely dis similar regions. Great expanses of re served forests clothe these hills and the sandalwood and teaktfound there form some of the most Important as sets of the region. Leopards, small bears, deer and wild hogs abound and there are several favorite shooting grounds near at band. When the Sun Went Out. "But the main interest in Tiruvan namallai is the fire festival, whose in ception recalls one of the famous leg ends connected with Hindu mythol ogy. Many ages ago, the legend runs, Siva, the destroyer, and his wife Par vatl were wandering through Kailasa, the Hindu paradise. It was the twi light hour and the flower garden in which they strolled was filled with the seductive perfumes of the East. In a flirtatious moment Parvati playfully covered the eyes of her lord with her shapely hands and drew the godly head to her bosom. "The time quickly passed for these two wanderers In Elysium. But what seemed but a moment to them was a period of many years for the hapless Inhabitants of the world whose sun and moon had thus been darkened. When Siva realized the hardship which his wife's coquetry had caused, he sent her forth to do penance at the various holy places with which the southern portion of India is dotted. When she at last reached Tiruvan namallai, the famous 'Holy Fire Hill' of South Arcot district, Siva appeared at the top of the isolated peak, as a sign that his wife's thoughtlessness was forgiven. "At the foot of the hill, just outalde the chief town of the region, lies the fine temple of Tiruvannamallai. It is to this place that the pilgrims flock on the occasion of the festival which com memorates the reconciliation of their chief god and goddess. /The culminat ing feature of the celebration is the lighting by the priests of a beacon fire on the summit of the hill, which can be seen for many miles throughout the district. Camphor and Butter Feed Beacon. "So heavy is the rush of pilgrims to see the blaze on the summit that strict police control Is needed throughout the 48 hours that the fire usually burns. Camphor and clarified butter or ghee, brought as offerings by the pilgrims, make up a large part of the fueL The festival, which lasts for ten days, ends with this sacrificial fire which commemorates the forgive ness of Parvati by Siva and the re turn of light io a darkened world. "The large Siva temple is among the most interesting in South India, for from the slopes of the sacred moun tain, whtch blushes red with the com ing ot the morning sun, one can look down upon this typical Dravldian tem ple and see how, with the Increasing wealth of the shrine, successive courts were added around the central manda* pani. The outer wail,, embellished by four large gopurams or entrance-gate ways, is most Impressive of all. These gopurams, er gopara, which somewhat correspond to the pylons of the Egyp tian temples, are in themselves books of mythology. The thousands of fig ures on their sloping sides picture 'scenes ttnen Hindu mythology." 5^ '&* JL.