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The Appeal. (Saint Paul, Minn. ;) 1889-19??, December 30, 1922, Image 2

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No. 301-2 Court Block, 24 E. 4th at
M. 4. ADAMS, Manager.
PHONE: N. W. CEDAR 5649.
No. 2812 Tenth Avenue South
J. N. BBULLBRS, Manager.
atered at the Peatofllce In St. Pawl.
Mlaaemta, a aeeond-claaa mall
tatter, Jaae 6, 1885, under
Act Canmreaa,
March 51. 1A70.
INflrLE COPY, One Year $2.40
81NOLE COPY, Six Months 1.25
INGLE COPY, Three Months.. .65
Before another issue appears the
year 1923 will be on, and so THE
APPEAL takes this time to wish its
readers and contemporaries a happy
and prosperous New Year.
With this issue, THE APPEAL
closes its thirty-eighth year of
service to the colored population of
the Twin Cities. The events of those
years have been faithfully mirrored
in its columns the wrongs and in
justices of those years have been
fearlessly and vigorously denounced
in its editorials. Always has it en
deavored to serve the best interests
of this community and of the colored
people in general.
Into the thirty-ninth year of its
existence THE APPEAL is prepared
to put even greater effort and service
to the end that the people may pros
per and progress and continue to
evidence appreciation and support.
This week THE APPEAL publishes
Perry Howard's reply to certain
charges in its entirety only because
the charges had been so published.
His attack on the National Associa
tion heads we leave to that body, ex
cept to say in passing that any pub
lic speaker must see in Mr. Howard's
"case" the old debate tricks of argu
ment ad hominem and ad populum.
The real issue has scarcely been
It is in his argument on the sup
port and defeat of so-called friends
of the race that Mr. Howard slips
into a fallacy that is not so obvious
as the one name above. He, with
many others, assumes that anybody
bearing a Republican label is by that
token a "friend" of the colored man.
Upon this false premise he builds the
argument that a non-political organ
ization which fights Republican oppo
nents of its policies becomes political
and democratic! In the heat of his
letter the defeat of seven Republi
can "friends" is laid to the N. A.
A. C. P. This is misleading in the
extreme. Of at least two of the de
feated ones, Townsend and Kellogg,
everyone knows the facts. Townsend
was beaten on the Newberry ques
tion and Kellogg was defeated be
cause of Newberryism and corpora
tion legislation.
One of these days Mr. Howard will
wake up and see that what the party
did in 1865 carries little or no weight
with the voter of 1922. We hope he
will live to see the day when black
voters will repudiate parties and
men who pass out one or two $5,000
jobs and hoodwink the mass of col
ored citizens out of money and rights
by maladministration of government
The double mob murder at Mer
Rouge, La. is a "ghastly incident"
and an "atrocity" according to the
editorial writers of the St. Paul Dis
patch. It is gratifying to know
definitely what the Dispatch thinks
of lynching, but it is rather odd that
its writers should have waited this
long to express themselves. The
mystery is now solved.
Compared to any one of a dozen
lynchings readily called to mind the
Mer Rouge episode fails to measure
up as an "atrocity." Georgia, Ala
bama and Texas mobs have set the
atricity standard too high. The two
men were merely murdered and
thrown into a lake. Hundreds of
colored men have been shot, burned
and disembowelled without eliciting
a peep from the Dispatch. When two
colored men were lynched within a
week in Florida the Dispatch did not
solemnly affirm that Florida "will be
in disgrace^ with the sisterhood of
states until It. vindicates justice and
Perhaps it will be contended that
the nature of the colored men's
alleged crimes makes the difference
in comment. But nofrom its pin
nacle of righteousness the Dispatcji
makes a pronouncement that elimi
nates this excuse. It says: "The
character of the offense charged
is, with the question of guilt or in
nocence, entirely outside considera
tion government under law has
been challengeid."
This leaves but one cause for the
sudden indignation of our big daily,
the victims were white. The paper
even ventures that if Louisiana fails
in this case there will be a demand
that the central government take a
hand in the exercise of the police
power of the states. And this, too,
following an editorial denouncing the
Dyer bill as an usurper of the police
power of the states!
Opinion of this sort is of little
value except as filler. If the Dis
patch, or any other paper wishes to
be believed sincere by thoughtful
readers, black and white, it will
condemn all lynchings, regardless of
the color of the victim, for the sole
reason that all mobs challenge gov
ernment under law and "set the reign
of law at naught."
Wizard Evans of the Koo Koos
says, "it makes little or no difference
what "Gov. Alien says and what he
means even less." Alexander Howatt,
now enjoying the hospitality of a
Kansas jail, once had the same idea
as Wiz Evans.
Perry Howard says he read "with
amusement his letter to Senator Du
pont. That's just how the darned
thing struck us when we read it.
Pittsburgh Courier.
National Association Places Blame For
Mob Outbreaks Squarely on
The National Asosciation for the
Advancement of Colored People, 70
Fifth avenue, New York, today made
public an "open letter to every Unit
ed States senator," setting forth that
four lynchings have occurred in the
eight days from Monday, December
4, when the Senate dropped the Dyer
anti-lynching bill, to December 12.
The letter charges the Southern
senators with being directly responsi
ble for the "outbreak of barbarism,
anarchy and degenerate bestiality"
which followed the abandonment of
the Dyer anti-ly|iching bill, and ex
presses the hope that there will prove
to be sufficient statesmanship in the
congress of the United States to cope
with this threat to civilization. The
letter follows:
An Open Letter to Every Senator of
the United States.
December 13, 1922.
Sir: From December 4, the day
the United States Senate abandoned
the Dyer anti-lynching bill, to Decem
ber 12 there have been four lynch
ings in this country, one for each two
days, one of the victims being pub
licly tortured and burned at the
This outbreak of barbarism, an
archy and degenerate bestiality and
the blood of the victims rest upon the
heads of those Southern senators who
have obstructed even, discussion of
the measure designed to remedy this
very condition. And the responsi
bility rests equally with the Republi
can majority, who surrendered with
hardly a struggle to the lynching tac
tics of the Democrats.
New York, N. Y., Dec. 29.The
Herald of this city, like the Tribune
of Chicago, seems to have discovered
that the red rays of Moscow are be
ginning to shine on the race in the
United States. The paper declares
that the bolsheviki, ever on the alert
to plant the seeds of revolution in
fertile spil, have seized on the race
in America.
The Herald continues by claiming
that Moscow tried to incite the race
to rebellion. The only thing that
saved the day, according to his pa
per, was tl|e race's dislike for for
"Had the black man," complains
the Herald, "of the United States
been as. inflammable as the Russian
reds thought he was blood would
have run freely in many communi
ties, for there would have been race
The Herald says that after the race
riots of 1919 thg reds rushed secret
agents into this country and the
African Blood Brotherhood was
formed. The Herald avers further
that the A. B. B. is a bolshevist or
ganization with all the bolshevist
trappings and propaganda. What is
claimed to be the program of the A.
B. B. is quoted at great length. The
article closes with a statement that
a number of educated race men have
joined the movement and have been
preaching violence ever since. The
Herald concludes:
"During the first year of the or
ganized activities by the communists
among the Negroes a number of Edu
cated Negroes, most of them from
Harvard, were found sufficiently dis
contented and sufficiently excited to
make good communists. They were
enlisted in the work and from that
time have been preaching violence on
every occasion to the Negro element."
Still Hope For Dyer Bill
Washington, C., Dec. 29.Presi-
dent Harding still hopes to do some
thing for the Dyer Bill, according to
the following letter sent to William
Monroe Trotter, of Boston, by George
B. Christian, secretary to the Presi
dent,, The letter reads:
"I have before me your message of
December first, to the President. As
you know, the President has made
every effort possible in behalf of this
measure. Its present status is not a
promising one, but it is still .hoped
that something may be accomplished
along this line inltihe^near future."
Mississipptan, in Long Letter, Loses
Bitter Attack on Du Bois, John
son and N. A. A. C. P.
Washington, D. C, Dec. 29.I have
read with amazement the release
from the N. A. A. C. P., under date
of December 8, charging that I de
feated the anti-lynching bill.
I want to denounce the perfidy of
those responsible for this release for
disjointing my letter and Jeaving out
certain parts, which was intended to
make it distasteful. No honorable
man would do this and I challenge
them to publish the letter in its en
First. I want to say that any
statement or intimation that I in any
wise, directly or indirectly, defeated
or contributed to the defeat of the
anti-lynching bill is a lie, and there
is not a sane man in the country who
Relieves this, including the man or
men who released the article so
Second. The reference to the Li
erian loan is innuendo, and, there
fore, unworthy of notice.
It is well known by the author of
^his release that for two years I
have worked incessantly, together
with other friends, to get an anti
lynching bill on the federal statutes
and instead of appreciation and co
peration on the part of Mr. James
Weldon Johnson, our efforts were re
sented by him because it was inter
fering with his one aim, and that is
to exploit his importance and keep in
the limelight. I have every reason to
believe that he would prefer that the
bill be not passed if it will in any
wise dim the luster of his vanity or
Our activities for the anti-lynch
ing bill, or any other movement, have
been consistently opposed by Mr.
Xchnson and Mr. DuBois with his
"Crisis," which he has freely used to
belittle and minify our activities in
every way.
I cannot see what places upon
MessVs. Johnson and DuBois the re
sponsibility of passing the anti
lynching bill unless it be a popular
card to 'fill the coffers of the N. A.
A. C. P., and give them increased
salaries for they are the most lux
uriously salaried gentlemen who are
doing charity work, whom I know.
know of no colored man perhaps
in the country who would not be
?la or delighted to have their places,
which require no sacrifice, but which,
on. the other hand, furnish every fa
cility for ease and comfortMr.
Johnston to sit in the gallery of the
Senate and look on at the activities,
prepared at any moment, to step
^own one flight and indulge, in the
luxurious pastime of eating canvas
back duck or quail on toast, which
Mr. DuBois strokes his Chesterfel
dian beard and incidentally takes his
"Crisis" in hand and fires a desul
tory shot at a supposed enemy. Of
course, their release will fce pub
lished in "The. Crisis," but no word
in response will ever get on the pages
of Mr. DuBois' magazine.
I have no word of censure for the
Sues For $10,000
Settles For $10
Jacksonville, Fla.. Dec 29.The
mother of little Arthur Mack, aged
8 years, who was run over by L. H.
Hodge's automobile last November,
must have needed Christmas money
very badly when she isv alleged to
have settled a $10,000 damage suit
out of court for the paltry sum of
Hodge, of Scrivens, GaV was on his
way to J5aytona, Ga., on business it
is alleged when he ran over the small
lad at a curve on the state highway
near here. He went to the magis-
Perry Howard Denies Charge
That Blocked Dyer Bill
National Association for the Ad
vancement of Colored People per se
and its earnest members who mean
well and are doing their best but I
do object to these autocrats exploit
ing themselves at the expense of the
association and. seeking to belittle
those who do not pay homage to
It has been presumed from the be
ginning that the National Association
for the Advancement of Colored Peo
ple was a non-political organization.
But true to my political faith I can
but resent the present leaders in
variably lining up otherwise and mis
leading their! followers into killing
off some of the few friends we had
in the Senate. I resent this with all
my soul. I especially resent their
action towards Senator Du Pont, who
was defeated through the activities of
the N. A. A. ,C. P. and whose friend
ship for and fidelity to us have never
been questioned, and in his stead they
elected a. senator who already has
voted with the Democrats, on every
roll call where any matter of inter
est to the Negro was a stake.
When the special session of con
gress was convened there had been
defeated Senators Du Pont, Freling
huysen, Townsend, Kellogg, New
France and .Calder. This gives us
seven less votes for the Dyer bill.
Then, may I ask, by what process
of reasoning can we conclude that
we are expediting the passage of the
anti-lynching bill by defeating those
who would vote for it and electing
hostile ones in their stead?
I have no apology to make for
standing by, the men of my party
who have always stood for those
things which will benefit our group.
What I have done and am trying to
do has been at a sacrifice but I chal
lenge any leader of the N. A. A. C.
P. to show one thing he has done
without reward or the hope of re
ward in fabulous salaries.
The public will well remember that
when I came to Washington Mr. Du
Bois with his "Crisis," without in
vestigation or otherwise, undertook
to. minify the importance of mv po
sition, forgetting that he had.humi
liated the association by wearing out
the back steps of Woodrow Wilson
seeking a captaincynot to fight,
but to join the other dilettantes in
the intelligence bureaunot to men
tion his unfortunate "Close Ranks"
May I ask what credit does Mr.
Johnson give-to the struggling col
ored newspaoers throughout the
country, which, in season and out
labored for an anti-lynching bill?
Tn face of the fact that these papers
have worked in season and out for
the passage of this bill, when the
N.. A. A. C. ,P. had $6,000 to spend
for advertising, I should certainly
never have bpen guilty'of sending it
down to The Atlanta Constitution
and other white dailies which did not
need it. when some of our press boys
are crying for bread.
Certainlv it was not right for nly
Triwid, Walter White of the N. A, A.
C. P.. through' the influence of my
friend Bob. Nelson, whose paper
Senator Du Pont says he has helped
trate's office.jand put up $100 forfeit
for his appearance at the hearing and
was released to continue his journey.
The accident occured on Nevember 14.
At the hearing last Tuesday^ after
noon before Justice of the Peace
Greenberg, Mr. Hodge was exoner
ated on the charge of careless driving.
It was stated that the mother of the
boy had entered civil suit for $10,000
damages against Hodge. The matter
was said to have been settled $ut of
the court when Hodge and his at
torneys toJdLthe woman, how much
trouble itwejfld be to conduct a case
of this kind and the enormous cost
involved and that she the money
for competent lawyers, would have
to spend a lot of money for competent*
lawyers, who would finally get most
or: practically all of the best thing
for. her to d$ Would be to settle the
case out of court and get it without
to the tune of $15,000 to keep it in
existence, to import Democratic lead
ers to Wilmington to defeat Senator
Du Pont.
I said no word for Layton, who
voted against the anti-lynching bill.
But any thinking member of ouf
group would a thousand times pre
fer to have Layton back in the House
for two years and make certain of
Du Pont in the Senate for six years
when we know that Du Pont has
stood pat on every roll call where
the interest of the race was at stake,
instead of having in his stead a man
who can be depended upon to vote
against us on every roll call despite
his protestations of what he would
do if elected.
I feel that Jim ought to go to
these Democrats, whom they helped
to elect, and ask them to help pass
the anti-lynching bills since they have
embarrassed us Republicans who
were doing the best we could. I
think that I am in position to say
that the bill would have fared far
better if there had been less of John
son and his bunglesome tactics.
Johnson and others used the peo
ple's money lavishly under the assur
ance that this bill would pass, and,
upon its failure, he seeks a "goat."
Instead of contributing to the de
feat of this bill, I was the author of
the Galuv bill, introduced by Con
gressman Gahn of Cleveland, Ohio,
to whom I was introduced by Mr. N.
D. Brascher, and had the Gahn bill
introduced with a view to forcing the
proponents of the Dyer bill to en
couch certain fundamental features
into their bill to give it teeth. Mr.
Dyer accepted these when we went
before the judiciary committee of the
House for a hearing.
"Jim" further knows that when
the sixty-seventh congress recessed
in September, on the last dav there
of he met Henry Lincoln "Johnson
and myself in Senator Lodge's office
where we -were all hustling and
scurrying trying to get action on this
bill before adjournment. And it was
Senators Du Pont. France, Lodge,
New. and others who were busy on
this proposition.
"Jim" knew all this when he let
loose this diabolical and malicious
release, which was solely for dis
crediting my friends and me and
bolstering up himself and when he
says that there are astounding-reve
lations of my activities to defeat this
bill he takes himself out of the pale
and category of decent men in ut
tering such an infamous falsehood,
and I defy him to -produce one scin
tilla of proof to sustain his malicious
The only difference betwen "Jim"
and me on the anti-lynching bill is
that he is growing rich while I am
growing poorer in trying to put it
Regardless of whether in the
change of changes bad persons, la
beled Republicans, crop into office,
still I am a Republican without
apologies, and if t&is be treason,
then make the most of it.
trouble and noteriety. So the woman
said that $10 would suit her since it
would put an end to all the bother and
Wright Rock of Louisiana Becomes
Near Millionaire Over
Sheveport, La., Dec 29.Sitting
in the blackness of eternal night, for
many years ago he lost the sight of
both, eyes Wright, Rock of De Soto
parish, 75 years old, on whose land
oil was discovered recently, takes
calmly the sudden change in his
fortune which has elevated him to
the ranks of the financially independ
end. 'j
"Uncle Wright" is of the old school
and hardly realizes that the two Rock
wells in section 23-12-11 completed
as large oil wells on his farm by A.
H. Tarver, white, are bringing him
daily more money than he ever hoped
to make as a return from' the truck
of his little farm. He is the father
of fifteen children, all but two of
whom long ago left the paternal roof.
"I guess they'll come back now," he
said simply.
When informed of his wealth upon
completion of the first well, and asked
what he was going to da with the
money, the old man replied: "Well,
I guess I'll just buy me a few clothes
and sumpthin' for to eat."
Besides the original lease money
which he received for the eighty-acre
tract on which the Tarver wells are
located, the aged ex-slave receives a
one-eighth royalty from the produc
tion and other wells will be drilled,
it is said. The wells already produc
ing are making an aggregate of
2,500 barrels.
White Southern Edlitor Says Soldier
Dead in France Vindicate Ameri
canism of Colored Man.
The Ku Klux Klan is being repudi
ated in the South, according to
extracts from an editorial of the
Greensboro, North Carolina, Daily
News, of December 18th, made public
by the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People, 70
Fifth avenue, New York.
"The existence of the Ku Klux is
an insult to the white race," says the
editorial. "It is an admission that
we cannot defend ourselves except by
a coward's weapons.
"And when that order preaches the
poisonous doctrine that the colored
people are not entitled to the rights of
a fair trial in open court and to the
equal protection of the laws, because
he is not 100 per cent American, we
think of those huddled crosses a the
moonlight by one of the rivers of
France. And when officials of the
government ally themselves with that
order, nay, when a judge on the bench
charged with the sacred administra
tion of justice, will not deny that he
is the head of that reptilian order, we
think of those graves in France. And
our impulse is not one of pity for the
colored people, for the colored people
have vindicated themselves. Our
fear is for the nation that threatens
to abandon its own dead. God help a
country that could be so vile!"
Chicago Woman Named
Assistant Prosecutor
Chicago, HI., Dec. 29.Chicago
may point to itself with pride as
the city having the first colored
woman as assistant prosecuting at
torney. Miss Violette N. Anderson
has received the appointment, to take
effect January 1.
The honor to Miss Anderson comes
in direct line with the pronounced
part women of both races are playing
in political and civic affairs through
out the country. One woman has
been elected to a state supreme court,
another has been appointed a federal
district attorney by Attorney General
Daugherty. In the recent elections a
colored woman was a candidate on
the Farmer-Labor ticket for secre
tary of state, and just last week a
woman who campaigned only two
days came within six votes of being
elected an alderman in the city of
Mound Bayou, Miss.
Miss Anderson conducted a court
reporting agency for a number of
vears. This work took her into va
rious courts of the state. She began
the practice of law in 1919. She is
today the first and only woman of
her race in active practice before the
Illinois bar.
Many Colored People
In Missouri Industries
Jefferson City, Mo., Dec. 29.A
survey of colored employment condi
tions made by Secretary R. S. Cobb
of the Missouri Industrial Commis
sion, now being completed shows that
86,780 men and women are employed
in various industries, representing
approximately 48 per cent of the to
tal 178,241 colored people of the
state of the number 57,984 are men
and 28,796 are women.
In the classifications of colored
workers, that of servants leads with
10,660 women and 2,942 men. The
report lists, "12,980 laundresses and
the next class is agricultural work,
11,892 men and 394 women. Among
other classes are barbers and hair
dressers, 767 men and 268 women
porters, 4,332 waiters, 1?191 men
and 243 women. Among occupation
other than industries are included
physicians, 120 clergymen, 476
trained nurses, 36 school teachers,
,W2 musicians and music teachers,
Pilot Point, Tex., Dec. 29.-Two
colored men detained here in connec
tion with the theft of two horses
were missing from jail at the roll
call. An unsigned note was found
on the door of a local newspaper
office, which read: "Both Negroes
got what was coming to them. Let
this be a warning to all Negroe loaf
ers get a job or leave town." Two
colored men disappeared from the
Pilot Point jail in a similar manner
several months ago and nothing has
been heard of them. The jail is lo
cated in a backwoods and unguarded
at night Colored people here blame
the Ku Klux Klan. Since the men
have been kidnaped, scores of men,
women and children have left the
vicinity. There are not many col
ored people here and opportunities
for employment are scarce.
Senators Told Commission to Investi
gate Lynchings Is Inadvisable
and Unnecessary.
N. A. A. C. P. Holds Out for Revision
of Senate Rules and Passage
of Dyer Measure.
New York, Dec. 29.Proposal by
Republican senators to institute a
commission for the purpose of inves
tigating lynching in the United
States has elicited a sharp letter to
Senator Frelinghuysen, author of the
resolution, from James Weldon
Johnson, secretary of the National
Association for the Advancement of
Colored People, in which notice is
served that a substitute for the Dyer
anti-lynching bill will not be accept
able to our people.
Facts Are Known
Mr. Johnson's letter asserts that
the essential facts concerning lynch
ing in America are known through
|Out the world that a commission to
"investigate" will be interpreted only
as a plan to delay action and to "lull
the nation and the Negro with false
hopes." The letter in full is as fol
"I have carefully examined your
proposed joint resolution establishing
a commission for the purpose of con
ducting a general inquiry into the
subject of lynchings in the United
States, including the number occur
ring and the causes thereof.
"We would interpose no active op
position to any steps leading toward
the abolishment of the crime of
lynching, but the National Associa
tion for the Advancement of Colored
People in this case as in a half dozen
similar proposals in the past is un
able to see ny necessity whatsoever
for such a commission, nor can we
indorse the proposed measure as a
substitute for the Dyer anti-lynching
bill. Such a commission as you pro
pose could gather only statistics and
facts such as have already been pre
sented by this association and other
agencies and which have been re
peatedly and at great length read
into the Congressional Record, where
they are available to the United
States Senate as well as to other
Commission Ineffective
"The essential facts in regard to
lynching are well known and undis
puted. The gathering of such facts
for an additional year would have no
appreciable effect upon the question.
We would, therefore, view this com
mission plan, with its year of inves
tigation, only as a further delay to
the one thing we believe to be essen
tial in the circumstances, and that
is legislation giving the federal gov
ernment jurisdiction where states
fail, as they have failed in the past
85 years, to secure to persons ac
cused of crime trial by due process
of law, or to prosecute and punish
members of mobs.
"This commission plan therefore,
seems calculated only to delay action
or lull the nation and the Negro with
false hopes.
"The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People will
not be actively interested in a com
mission to investigate lynching.
Rather, we insist up a revision of
*he Senate's
of procedure
he passage of th Dyer anti-lynchdan
ing bill."
Sfna+or Mpdpl McCormick of Illi
nois had a similar
be Senate, but withdrew i pending
the vote and committee action on the
Dyer bin. His bill authorized the
appointment of a committee of five,
composed of both races, to handle the
investigations on mob violence.
Chicago, 111., Dec. 29.Colored men
are getting fatter to the detriment
of vest buttons and longevity, ac
cording to a survey just completed,
by a local medical organization.
The expansion of the waist line,
according to this survey, is d#e to
overeating and indugence in sweets.
"Men who used to treat guests,
friends and customers at bars now
entertain them at meals, buying
food, pastries and sweets," the report
Except in the rarest instances, col
ored men who live to ripe old age are
COST CITY $500,000
The Citv of Chicago must dig up a
half million dollars to pay the ex
penses of the race riot there in 1919.
Eighteen death claims aggregating
$31,000 were approved yesterday by
*:he city's finance committee.
The city previously had paid $20,-
800 for five ether deaths. Fifteen
death claims remained unsettltd.
Damage to property was not in
cluded in the estimated figure of
During the riots, according to an
investigating commission, 543 persons
were injured178 white, 348 colored
people and 17 of undetermined race.
By E. W. Gilles.
I stand for the entire Bible, though
I cannot understand or explain it in
many of its parts as I would like.
I stand for the Trinity and for the
trinitarian gaspel. It is the message
in the name of God the Father, and
God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost,
that reaches the hearts and lives of
I stand for the Bible doctrines as
the average man would understand
them in reading the Bible under the
direction of the Holy Ghost.
I stand for the properties and cour
tesies of the Christian life:
I stand for either sympathetic co
operation, with others or withdrawn

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