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ttm THE r. CI.OUD E O A JANK G. SWISSHELM. EDITOR Thursday, March 15th I860. FOR PRESIDENT, W I I A H. S E W A FOR VICE PRESIDENT, A S S I S A SUBJECITOTIIB DECISION OF NOJWDY'S CONVENTION. E I O I A O E S O N E N E FARIBAULT, March 7th, 'GO. DEAR W I :—I have a great many things to say about St. Paul and the peo ple who live there, but must postpone them until I get home. I left there on Wednesday morning, the 1st, feeling so weak that to strangers it appeared impru dent for me to go out, but I had sent ap pointments to Northficld and Faribault, and have been so accustomed to getting strength for the performance of any duty just as the time came when it was wanted, that I felt no uneasiness. I had a pleas ant traveling companion, Mr Skinner, of this p'acc, who made me feel I could rely upon hiiu for any assistance, and did not tease me with officious offers of aid. We crossed the noble bridge which spans the Mississippi at St. Paul, through West St. Paul, a most forlorn looking town-site in Dakota Co., and rode twenty miles through a thinly settled country resembling Penn sylvania, woods and streams, ravines and stony precipices. It was very refreshing and home-like. We took dinner at an humble tavern kept comfortably by a wid ow then with fresh horses started across a twenty mile prairie. Our horses stalled ii the first slough, but after that, did very well. There arc several small settlements on this prairie, and one great natural curi osity—"Castle Rock." We passed about four miles from it, and saw it jut out of the smooth prairie, looking just like a medium sized church* with a tall spire.— One or two miles from Northficld, we reached the Cannon River and the south eastern end of a "Big Woods," which is some forty or fifty miles long by six or eight broad. We kept along the bank of the river, then crossed a substantial bridge into Northfield, of which John W. North is proprietor. The old bridge was swept away last Spring, and has been replaced the past Summer. There is a fine water power with grist and raw mill, and the dam roars just above the bridge. The conutry is rolling—almost hilly. There is a large :.nd clegai hotel on an elevation above the bridge, with the printing office of the Northjlcld Journal over the way, a tannery on the river bank, one church, a lyceUm room, and a general appearance of industry. I went directly, according to order, to Mr. North's house, and was immediately at home. All of Mr. North's home surroundings confirm my previous opinion of the manj and in his wife he has that indispcnsible requisite to any man's permanent greatness—a helpmate for a good and noble life. I was confined to bed, or a sofa, during my stay, and only left the house to read my lecture at the Lyceum. The room was crowded, and I had the rare encouragement of an earnest lady "talking out in meeting" to enforce and endorse my positions. The meeting was very gratifying but everywhere I find people much more willing to hear me on subjects connected with Woman's rights than on the rights jaf the slave. I regret this, for women, as such, have few wrongs compared to those of the slave, and I would that God would open the cars of this people to the cry of the oppressed before it is forever too late! I lectured in Northficld on Thursday evening, and on Friday afternoon came by stage to Faribault, 17 miles—part of the way through a gentle rain, and all the way a very wMgcntlc wind. The stages in this part of the country arc open wagons, nar row, with the shallow bed "stuck up" on "kinkey" springs, and the backless scats stuck high up in the beds, altogether giv ing one the sensation of being on a perch, with a general feeling of insecurity such as "stuck up" folks are apt to have all over this world. It was long after dark when I reached the residenee of Gordon E. Cole, our State's Attorney, which was my destination. All that warmth, light, tcudcr care, and a kind welcome could do to I anish fatigue, was done and next day I was quite bright lectured on Sat urday evening to a very full house, and before reaching home, had symptoms of my last Summer's trouble, nuralgia of the stomach. You know the fear of it had kept mc at home all the early part of the Winter, and before leaving I hoped the tendency was overcome. 1 did all that appeared necessary to insure relief, went to bed and lay expecting every moment to be better, but before morning it assum- ed cholera symptoms, as it had done once last Summer. Before daylight, Mrs. Cole sent for Dr. N. N. Bemis, who remained with me all the morning and forenoon, keeping up very active treatment, and all the time it was very doubtful how the case would end, but early in the afternoon the symptoms yielded. The Doctor, proud to be one of Liberty's old vanguard—a Birney man in '40—and for sako of the cause, would receive no fee, except a copy of the DEMOCRAT, ir'o, put him down on our list, paid, until he gets tired of his bargain and sends in his bill for reading it. Tell mother I am cured of my long standing hallucination that no one but-her can nurse inc well when I am sick for even she could not have tended mc more carefully and tenderly than Mrs. Cole has done, and is doing. No wonder I advo cate "the common brotherhood of man," forgo where I will, I find brothers and sisters, just when I want them most. No doubt, you all feel I should go home but I cannot travel until quite recovered, and then it will be just as easy to go for ward as back. I have so set my heart upon talking to the people of Minnesota before the coming insanity of the next political campaign, that I cannot readily give it up. I want to see Minnesota free! —to sec the day when a slayc cannot breathe the air of the North Star State One has gone to his farm, another to his merchandise, and there appears to be no one to plead the cause of the poor and needy. Those who are in bonds arc to be forgotten in the "great issues" to come before the country. The si sve mother is to be robbed with impunity Christ's little ones arc to be bought and sold, as usual and the rights of nominally free men arc, alone, to be considered and who is to stem the current of selfish policy which is bearing everything away This Wes tern vineyard has no laborer to spare and little as I can do, it is all for which I am accountable. So, I cannot give up this tour until fully convinced that by no care can I preserve sufficient strength to get through with it. Of course, this is all for publication for you know the readers of the DEMOCRAT all belong to our family circle, and I have not strength to write for the exclusive annoyance of one or two members of the family. Your Aunt, JANE G. SWISSHELM. DISUNION. Disunion seems to be a chronic and almost universal complaint among the politicians of the South. Through their public presses, in their Legislative assem blies, at their public gatherings, at home and abroad, in public and in private, we hear them arguing the probabilities of dis union, as if that was the only question in which they were interested. Living as wc do, so far from the sources of such threats, we could not fee expected to be very strongly exercised upon the subject. Indeed, we are of that number at the North, who do not think that a dissolution of the Union would work such fearful consequences, after all. We rather covet the consequences of such an event. Un der existing circumstances, we believe the North would be much better off out of the Union than in it. The South entirely wastes its threats of disunion upon our cat's. What is there so sacred and valua ble in this "glorious Union," about which so much is said, that it should be preserv ed when the necessity for it has ceased to exist Why should newspapers weekly ventilate themselves of their wordy obse quiousness to the fortunes of the Union, as if it were our only safety Is the Union something which is to be worship ped and preserved, at the expense of the citizen In our view of the subject, the Union of these United States is entirely a matter of public policy. It is the crea ture of those whose purposes it subserves. It has no excellence per se, but derives all its glory and immortality from the good it confers upon those over whose destinies it exists. As a work of antiquity, it has no claim. It is without strength or durabili ty, as to time. The lloman RcpubUc, after centuries of reverses, stood firm as the Appenincs while this Bcpublic has grown blear-eyed, and gray, and palsied within the scope of a century It is a failure as a work of art. What sculptor would ever have fashioned out of the spot less marble the fair virgin face of America, and then with a malicious daub, fastened the blotch, and foul and stinking sore, of American Slavery upon it The Union was a compromise of principle to expediency, in the first place and now that expediency threatens the utter anni hilation of principle, it may be well to pause before the final sacrifice. But why should we fear the dissolution of the Union Indeed, the union be- tween the Northern and Southern portions of this confederacy, has long since been dissolved All that was precious in the Union—the harmony and peace—the uni ty of sentiment, of common interest, of natural love and affection, has long since ceased to exist! In fact, the union be tween the North and South has degenera ted into a mere nominal affair—a political sentimentality—something which derives its principal importance now from the fact that Southerners use it to bully and scare the North with, and to institute Union meetings, and produce Northern devotion to Southern interests. What a mockery it is to talk about the union between the North and the South, sepcrated as they are in interest, feeling and sentiment! And how foolish it is to allow the stars and stripes to float above the yawning chasm! The South need never expect to scare us into terms, with their disunion eric's. We sec nothing but compromise with sin in the Union, and nothing but political strength and prosper ity out of it. Of course, we wish to hold no party responsible for what we say, or our opini ons upon this subject. We speak only for ourselves and as we think for the cause of Humanity. Believing, as we do, that Slavery is a crime existing under the Constitution, and protected by its provisi ons, the sooner wo rid ourselves of the responsibility of that crime, the better.— We do not wish to be found aiding and abetting the institution of Human Slavery. We do not wish, to live within its contam inating influences, to be protected by pro Slavery laws, and exist in the midst of pro- Slavery institutions. God hasten the day that, whether in or out of the Union, we may be still outside the pale of Slavery! ,— From Superior. [The following letter was lately recei ved by the Secretary of the Lake Superior Agricultural Society, an I handed us for publication—too late for last week's issue. We now cheerfully insert it, and ask an attentive perusal:] N E W YORK, Feb. 15th, 1860. JAMES S. RITCIIIE, ESQ.—DEA SI I notice in the Lake Superior Miner, your letters about the resources of tho country west of your region, and about supplying the Mines with some necessary articles. If early in the season, before tho Saut canal is open, dip candles (sixes) could be sent to the Mining Districts, they would doubtless find a ready market at about 12 cents per lb. An immense quantity of candles arc used for mining purposes. One pound per diem by each miner. The store-keepers in your region might take them in or make arrangements to obtain them from the country back, before travelling becomes bad in the Spring, and perhaps make a good thing out of them. They might even be brought from St. Paul, if cheap there. The Mine would buy Five thousand pounds good dip candles (sixes) suitable for min ing, at 12 cents, and pay in drafts on New York city, if they could be had by the 1st of May." The consumption, we understand,* of one of the Ontonagon Copper Mines, employing two hundred miners, at this rate, would be two hundred pounds per diem of these candles. The market rates for fresh beef are from 10 to 12 cents per lb. The ship canal may remain closed until July 1st in consequence of repairs, &c. The Cleveland, Detroit and Chicago steamboats will run up to the canal and their freight transferred across the railroad some, seven-eighths of a mile in length, and reshipped on the steamers Lady El gin and Mineral Bock, and several sailing vessels for the Lake Superior ports. The expenses of transportation over rail-oad will be about 25 cents per barrel. It will easily be seen that the saw-mills of Supe rior city will supply the Mines, and if our Minnesota farmers are wide awake and drive their cattle to Superior, they may secure from 10 to 12 cents per lb at the Mines. The Elgin's freight-rates will be very moderate, distance from 1G0 to 320 miles. Mr. S. llitcliic is authorized to act: Agent for this Steamboat, and he is anxious to hear from the farmers of Min nesota, in order to make the necessary arrangements. Conventions Tho Ohio Republican Convention which met at Columbus on the 1st inst., recom mended as their first choice for the Presi dency, Salmon P. Chase. The Missouri Opposition Convention, on the 29th ult., passed resolutions in favor of Edward Bates. The Wisconsin Convention on the 1st inst, declared Seward as their fiirstchoice, and nominated A. Scott Sloan for Chief Justice. Legislative. Wo are indebted to Senator Andrews for tho following information: The Legislature have made no provision for the continuation of our Hail Roads.— 1 his is deeply to be regretted. We hadjust hoped that our Representatives would have adopted some feasible plan for the comple tion, at least of the Main Trunk from the Southern Line of the" State, to St. Cloud or Crow Wing. They had no weighty responsibility to assume in the premises, as any plan they could hqyc adopted woujd have been a constitutional amendment, and therefore subject to a vote of the peo ple. Wc think that in this matter they have committed a grave error. Tho new law for the government of counties strikes us very favorably. It provides for three Commissioners in the sparsely "settled counties, arid five whore the vote exceeds 800. The counties arc to be districted, and tho Commissioners arc not to remain in Session more than fifteen days per annum, and their compen sation is fixed at §L50 per day. The three years Redemption law, been sent to the Governor, as it originally passed the Legislature. _.___— ^^.^ The Franking Privilige. For thirty ears past the Democracy have had it in their power to abolish this privilige at almost any Session of Congress: but the mails then' served their purpose to circulate poison, and so they preached econ omy and practiced extravagance, and laughed at the "dear people," who were fools enough to foot the bills and vote the Democratic ticket But now when a Pres idential election is approaching, and the people want facts, and the Republican members of Congress arc disposed to ac commodate them, and the Slaveocracy have the Treasury and all the offices, and can raise funds in another way to distrib ute their documents, we have the cry of*j "down with the Franking Privilige."— Ths plea is economy, the motive a "love of darkness rather than light. As the Mail contracts are made, signed, scaled and delivered, and the prices for carrying "Uncle Sams" big leather bags are fixed, wc don't suppose that the change would save a dollar 4to hastives the Treasury for a year to come. But we are very certain that the people know enough of the Mu-a latto Democracy now, to insure their de feat in November, and the measure may result in ultimate economy: so let it pass say we. Wo can stand it it they can. *jt* O A A E S LAK E SUPERIOR ROAD.— Mr. Barrett has completed tho survey of the above road to the intersection of the Superior and Crow Wing road at Mill Lac. Mr. Elwell is following up rapidly with 25 or 30 men, and hopes to have it cd and completed in a few weeks. some open- The contractor upon the Oiow Wing branch was here a few days since layiug in supplies, and will push that portion of the improvement with energy. FOR PIKE'S PEAK.—Some forty orfilty of the citizens of this and adjoining coun ties, left Richmond on last Tuesday for the land of promise. TnE WEATHER—has been warm and delightful since the first instant, and wc have every prospect of an early break up. Scver-1 teams have already broken through the ice, and crossing is becoming danger ous. Hereabouts the snow has disap peared and the roads arc dry. HE MAILS—Vis't us occasionally.—. The St. Paul papers should reach us tri weekly. Instead of which wc get four papers at a time, and the next edition in a week or so. This matter will improve —after March 4th, 1861. GOINO UP.—Several new stores and private buildings in St. Cloud. Wc shall have quite a number of improve ments notwithstanding the dull times. SENATOR ANDREWS has returned home the Legislature having adjourned on last Monday. fci EDITORIAL ITEMS. EX-LIEUT GOV. FORD of Ohio has been elected Printer to the National House of Representatives. O. BROWN Esq. was elected State Printer by the Legislature of Minnesota a few days since. Gov. RAMSEY, has vetoed the bill passed by our Legislature a short time since, commuting the sentence of Anna Bilansky of St. Paul to imprisonment tor life. His constitutional objections to the act arc perfectly unanswerable. The un fortunate woman will be executed on the 23rd instant. ASTWill the publishers of the Atlantic Monthly please send us the March No. Wc cannot afford to loose a single number of the "Professors Story." The Atlantic always overflows with good things. figgf Wc would call attention to the advt. of Valla's Savsaparilln, under head of "New Ad vertisements." Dr. MABLATT is sole Agent for St. Cloud. Notices of the Editor's Lecture. From the Minneapolis Atlas. The announcement that Mrs. Swisshclm was to deliver an Anti-Slavery Lecture, on Monday evening last, filled Plymouth Church to overflowing The lecture was such a one as wc expected from the brave hearted, slavery hating woman.— She exhibited the piratical institution of Slavery in its true colors, and hold it up before her hearers in all its hideous de formities. 'Southern Chivalry' she showed up to the very life. Low, sneaking and brutal cowardice arrid-ciuclty, backed up by armed mobs, or taking advantage of an adversary's weakness and inability to de fend himself, was the usual practice of the genuine 'Chivalry.' Having painted the 'Chivahy', she drew a hasty sketch of the 'Northern Doughface/ and painted him out at full length, a dirty, craven hearted wretch, who will sell his soul and his country to the South for a little office. The lecturer also 'scored down' the Republicans for not taking more decided and positive Anti-Slavery grounds. On the whole the lecture was an able interesting one, abounding in far more 'truth that poetry.' Froim the St. Raul Pioneer & Democrat. 1 he Hall of the House of Representa was well filled on Thursday evening to hear Mrs. S's lecture on "Woman »and Politics." Many ladies were present. Geo. A. Noursc. Esq., introduced the lady, who offered up'a prayer before com mencing her lecture. Mrs. S. regretted that it so happened that her lecture came on the same night with that of Bishop Grace, for she would like to have heard him. But this eve ning had been the time fixed by her for more than a week, and she could not well change it now. The lecture was carefully written and well delivered. Wc have riot the space, nor is it necessary to give a connected report of it. ,.'. ... The leading idea was to show that ages before the first woni.\n's rights convention was held at Salem, Ohio, wc men had med dled in politics, and with credit to them selves Miriam, the sister of Moses, was instanced as among the first and abhst female politicians the world ever saw for she, with other female politicians, ques tioned the right of Pharcah to slay the male children, and obeying a hii/licr law saved her brother's li^e, and thus delivered the children of Israel from bondage. She also gave examples where the inter ference of woman in politics had fixed the policy of nations, and instanced Isabella of S^ain, who quelled insurrection, expell ed the Moors, and understood and aided Columbus, in his efforts to discover a new world, while kings and statesmen thought him an enthusiast and a madman. Marshan Saxon Queen, introduced trial by jury into England Matilda of Normandy Elizabeth and Victoria of England, all were successful and able politicians and their interference in politics had rendered the world better. She contended that all great moral re formers, from the establishment of the Christian religion to and through our revolution, were carried on by the aid of women—female politicians—and that it was their duty and right to meddle in poli tics. The great point of her lecture was to show that it was the duty of Women in this country to jois in the movement to overthrow slavery everywhere—in the States where, it exists, as well as to pre vent its going into the Territories. She denied that the constitution upheld or sanctioned slavery, and if it did, it was a covenant with hell that no man was bound to obey— especially women,—and that they should use their influence to overthrew it, by preaching in public and in private agaiust it. That man, true to his instincts, had so legislated as to per petuate the system by degrading woman more than himself for if the mother were a slave, her offspring must be but not so if the father were a slave and the mother free and that if children followed the condition of the father, slavery Would soon die out, because the father of most slaves wese free men and that women were religiously bound to produce such a result, for their own sakes. She said Buchanan and his adherents held that the Constitution carried slavery in jail the states and territories—that Doug las and his adherents maintained that it could not be disturbed in the states where it exists, but might be voted on in the territories, (but not against,) and that the Republicans went in for maintaining" it in the states where it exists, and thought the people had a right to establish or abolish it in new states. She advanced no ultra ideas about the rights and necessity of women taking the stump to promulgate their views, but thought that they could do as well by working faithfully in private life, while attending to domestic and social duties, which were among their highest rights. She made many strong hits and good points, which were appreciated and ap plauded by the audience, and left a favor able impression of herself. From the Minncsotian & Tiuies. WOMEN AND POLITICS.—This was the subject of Mrs Swisshclm's Lecture, on Thursday evening last, at tho Capitol.— The desire to hear a person so prominent as Mrs. S. has become, as well as a tincture of cu riosity on the part of the fair sex to hear what a woman could say in favor of having women participate in the politics of the country, filled the Hall at an early hour with a respectable audience and at half past seven o'clock, when Mrs. S. took the stand, there was not room for any more to squeeze in. We had designed to at tend and take copious report of the lec- ture, but being belated, were obliged to take a scat near the door, where wc had no chance to take notes. Mrs. S. read her lectnrc with a clear, Steady voice, and very calm and collected manner, and it was attentively listened to, occasionally interrupted with applause at the bits of satire aud sarcasm interspersed through it. The line of argument, as far as we could caich it, was designed fojKow, from numerous shining instances recorded in sacred and profane history, that women have mingled in politics without losing their feminine attributes and the respect of men, in all ages, and have made wise rulers, correct legislators, and even great generals. As far as tUc politics" oT tnin country arc conceifc.ed0HcyJiatecsdvcd but into one question—-nigger or no nig ger—that it has absorbed all other ques tions, and is ono on which tho women of the- country aro certarnry^ble: to take a position, as the whole partition between the two parties of the day is the perpetu ation of the "women whipping" institu tion of the South Mrs. S. lashed the pro slavery, Bred Scott, Fugitive Slave I aw Democrats with a whip of satire, dip ped in the very pall of* bitter sarcasm, and wc saw not a few of the "Merrimac" stripe, who winced under the infliction very uneasily. The lecture was well written, and abounded in good points throughout. Mrs. S. should deliver this' lecture again here. Wc would almost insure her a full house. Mrs. Swisshclm will remain in the city for a few days, and will receive advertise ments and subscriptions for her paper.— Our wholesale Merchants will do well to advertise in it, as it has an extensive circulation through tho northern coun try. •_ DoubtfUl Illinois and Wisconsin Banks. ThajStatc Auditor., of Illinois has noti fied the following banks to deposit extra securities to cover a decline in thfe value of the State bonds on which their circula tion IKJS been issued: American ^Exchange Bank,' at" Raleigh Batik of Aurora, Au rora Bank of the Commonwealth, Robin son Bank of Napicrville (late Dupage County Bank), Napiervillc Bank of Ra leigh, Raleigh Corn Exchange Bank, Fairfield Grayvillcf Bank, Grayvillc Morgan County Bank .1 Jacksonville ]'co pic's Bank, Carmrr Railroad Bank, De catur Rushvillc Bank, Rushvillc South ern Bank-of Illinois, GrayviUe-f^tock Se curity Bank, Danville Thompson's lie-. porter says it is thought these banks will suffer tho A uditor to wind them up, rather than comply with his demand. Their se curities arc mainly Missouri bonds. Tho following banks in Wisconsin are represented by the Comptroller of that State as being irresponsible: Bank of Montcllo, Frouticr, Citizen's, and Mcr chats' Banks, having no office, and no bu siness expect to issue notes for circulation Bank of North America, purporting to hail from Grand Rapids, bnt wliOse President and Cashier live in Cook county, 111. The liank of Oconto, Arctic -Bank, Bank of A pplcton, Chippewa Bank, Clark County Bank, Corn Planters' Bank, Farmers' Bank of Two Rivers, Green Bay Stock Bank, St. Croix Valley Bank, Oconto Bank and Tradesmen's Bank likewise evade or violate the banking law by hav ing no place of business or banking house. The banks thus mentioned have an aggre gate circulation of §1,1*82,150. There i* danger of loss to holders of these bills should there be a considerable decline in the market value of the stocks deposited as securities, the owners of the banks hav ing no capital invested in the business ami residing mostly out of the State. The Illinois Money. A letter from the State Bank of. Wis consin, dated Milwaukee, March .1st, and addressed to Thompson, Paine & Co. of this city says: "There is no danger of any of our Banks being discredited. Those that are winding up have three years to redeem their circu lation in, after the expiration of that time the bills arc worthless, but there are very few in circulation. M. S. SCOTT, Cashier." Another letter from the Chicago Bank, to the same firm of this city, savs: "There is no trouble in the city about Illinois currency. The Banks started by Thompson have still sufficient securities over their issues to pay dollar for dollar, although their margin is somewhat under the requirements of the law 10 per cent, over the circulation, Wc anticipate no trouble at present. The Banks may or may not meet the call the issues never theless will be good unless a very heavy decline takes place on the securities."—• Minncsotian of March 9. Chicago Convention. Change of The Republican National Committee after consultation by letter, have deter mined to change the time for holding the Chicago Convention to the 10th of May.— This is in accordance with the general desire expressed, that an earlier day'might be appointed, allowing a longer time for the canvass after the nomination. RAILROAD LANDS.—tfhe'- General Land Office has approved the selection, and set apart for the Minnesota and Pa cific Railroad, 234,120 acres of publi lands, all lying within the five mile limit?, and to which the company-will secure title from the government, as soon a-, their load is comploted.to St Cloud.—St. Paul Pioneer.