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THE S t\ IbliOlTD DEMOCRAT
JANE G. SWISSHELM. KDITOR Thursday, September 20th, I860 FOR PRESIDENT, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, OF ILLINOIS. FOB VICE PRESIDENT, HANNIBAL HAMLIN, Of SJAIN'E. Republican State Nominations. Presidential Electors, .STEPHEN MILLER, of Stearns Co WILLIAM PFAENDER, of Drown Co., CLARK W THOMPSON, of Houston Co., CHARLES McCLURE, of Goodhue Co. Alternate*, E. F. DAVIS, it. OUTHMAN, R. P. M. CKOSDT. Ht'TOHINSON, For Members of Congress, CVRUS ALDIUCH, of Hennepin Co., V7M. WINDOM, of Winona Co. For State Auditor, CHARLES MclLRATH, of Nicollet Co. For Clerk of the Supreme Court, A. J. VAN VORIIES, of Washington Co. REPUBLICAN DISTRICT CONVENTION. The Convention for the 3d Representative District, will assemble at the Everett School Iluuac, St. Cloud, on Saturday September 29th, 1830, at 2 o'clock p. M., to place in nomina tion one Candidate for State Senator, and three Candidates for Representative. The County of Stearns will be entitled to five, and each of the other Counties to one Delegate. HENRY SWISSHELM Aug. 30th, 1860. Chairman. REPUBLICAN COUNTY CONVENTION. The Republicans of Stearns County will meet in Convention at the Everett School House in St. Cloud, on Saturday, Sept. 29th, 1860, «t 10 o'clock A. M., to nominate Candidates for County Auditor, County Surveyor and Court Commissioner and also to appoint four Dele gates to the Legislative District Convention, to uct witli Henry Swisshelra, who was so ap Vointed by the last County Convention. St. Cloud will be entitled to four Delegates, and each of the other Districts to one. STEPHEN MILLER Chairman. Aug 30th, 1860. COUNTY COMMISSIONERS. Tbo Republicans of each Commissioners Dis trict, will nominate their own candidate for County Commissiener, and for such purpose are recommended by the County Committee to meet in convention in their respective Districts on Saturday the Oth of October next, at one o'clock p. M.. at such place as may be agreed upon by themselves. St. Cloud will appoint four Delegates, ind each of the other elective Districts one. As soon as nominated let the names of candidates be sent to Henry C. Wait, Esq., for publication. The following is a description of the Dis tricts First District, the present Township of St. Cloud Second District, the Townships of St. Joseph and Brockway. Third District, the Townships of Munson, Wakefield and Rock ville. Fourth District, the Townships of Lyn den, Berlin, Fair Haven and Maine Prairie.— Fifth District, the Townships of Sauk Centre, Verdale, Marion, and all the contiguous unor ganized territory. STEPHEN MILLER, Chairman Co. Com. St. Cloud, Sept. 5th, 1860. POLITICAL DISCUSSION. C. C. Andrews and Stephen Miller, Esqrs, Douglas and Republican candidates for Elector, have thirty-five appointments for discussion during the pending campaign. They are now meeting their engagements in tho Southern part of the State. Below our readers will find their appointments for this vicinity. Forest City, Thursday, Oct. 25. Marysville, Friday, 26. Clear Wattr, Saturday, 27. Princeton, Monday, 29. Monticello, Tuesday, 30. Sauk Rapids, Wednesday, 31 Little Falls, Thursday, Nov. 1. The Meetings will bo in the evening, except at Marysville, where speaking will commen«e at 2 o'clock j. M. Rail Road Right of Way. TVe returned from the East by the La Crosse route and half a mile west of Portage the ears came to a dead halt, on a narrow embankment. The cry was "change cars here!" It was twilight. Gentlemen got their carpet bags, women their babies and bundles—no conductor about—but at the end of each car a stout man lifted each woman and child and set her down ancle deep in loose sand on the steep side of said embankment. After wading and clambering round past the locomotive, wc all took tho track, jumped over a cowditch, and presently came into a "cut" where the banks arose perhaps twenty feet on each side. In the centre of this we found the irack torn up for two or three rods and an obstruction built of logs, stumps and tree tops. A knot of men were standing on the bank apparently enjoying the sport of seeing the passengers loaded with "traps" and wading through the sand. These called down to us merrily that that was an "injunction." We stopped and one passen ger, inquired if it were a specimen of Wis consin Railroad law and he answered, "Yes!" ... r] ./: "Is it -on injunction issued by the Su preme Court of Wisconsin?" ,, Yes!"-f 1 Whoso land is this'/' "Mr. Davis'/' ''Whatishii first name?'' A pause, "Don't know.'^ R7l "Maybe it is Injunction Davis" was sug gested and, ttc laugh was on the side of the passengers. ..•_- After wading the eighth of a mile, we reached the train waiting on tho other side %A thelnjunetibn. Here We Mt'a'nd'waited. until the baggage could be carried around Mr. injunction's land, and until our con ductor .could dodge the sheriff and get aboard the train. He had already been arrested several times, given bail and been discharged and the road master was ar rested that evening. As the case was stated to us, the trouble was all about the right of way across a sand bank in a country that appeared to be all saud banks. The Railroad Com pany had used two acres of land belonging to Mr. Davis, for which he claimed $4,500. From what we could see in the deep twi light Jhc land appeared to be worth .from one to two dollars per acre if no rail road had been made through it, and from ten to fifteen dollars as it now stands. Sup posing Mr. Davis owned one hundred acres we should judge that he owas the Company from Heven hundred to twelve hundred dollars, minus two or four dollars for the land used. We make this estimate without any knowledge of the particulars of this case but founded, upon all our pre vious knowledge of a Railroad's right of way. In Pennsylvania we knew a man who had several hundred acres of land which he valued at from sixty to one hundred dollars per acre. A railroad was surveyed through it, ana immediately he estimated it at from four to five hundred dollars per acre. There was no doubt on any mind but that the making of the road would quadruple tho value of every acre of land he had, yet he fought the Company for years claiming thousands of dollars dama ges. According to Government estimates, the making of a railroad doubles the value of the land the whole length of tho road, six miles on each side, and by what rule of justice and common sense is a company required to add thus to any man's wealth, and then to pay him for the privilege We hear a great deal about private rights —the rights of private individuals but there arc such things as public rights— the rights of the people at large. The peo ple of this country claim the right to ride at the rate of from twenty to sixty miles per hour and just iu proportion as this right is recognized so we give up the idea of any man's dog-in-the-manger right to to obstruct railoads, by imposing un just burdens upon the builders. In nine cases out of ten all that is paid for right of way is an unjust burden, and all such react from the Company to the travelling pub lic. In all cases of damages claimed of a railroad company a sworn, and, if possi ble, impartial jury should be required to take testimony as to the value of the land before the road wa3 surveyed—the addi tion to that value in consequence of making the road—the amount of land used, and injury done, and then strike the balance. If the road adds to the market value of tho land more than the worth of the amount used and inconvenience, make the claim ant pay that amount into the stock of the road. What would our country be with out railroads and by what rule of right are the whole travelling community taxed to double, triple, and quadruple the value of piivate property and then pay the own ers for the privilege We hope that our Minnesota Legislature will see to it that our railioads are not tc be incumbered "by the absurd claims of that class of land sharks who take advan tage of their position te press unjust and unreasonable demands. Another thing we noticed that our wes tern roads have great trouble with cattle on the track. The trains around Chicago check up and whistle the cows off the track every five minutes and the whole line of the La Crosse & Milwaukee road is fenced in with cow ditches at every crossing. Now, it occurs to us that a railroad is not iutended for a cow pasture, and that people should be obliged to keep their cat tle out of the way. In Pennsylvania, if a man's cow or horse gets on the track and cause any damage he is liable for the ameunt. This is the correct principle.— Cattle and hogs should be kept off public thoroughfares and the owners have no more right to permit them to roam in such places than in their neighbor's enclosure. People who have domestic animals should have enclosures to keep them in and they should, certainly, never be permitted to dispute the way with a locomotive. Democrati Convention. The Breckinridgo Convention.held at St. Paul on the. 13th^.put the following ticket in nomination: For Presidential Electors, E. A. Mc Mahon, of Olmstead, Wm. Holcombe, of Washington, George Bradley, of Scott, Patrick Nash, of Ramsey. Fjr Represen tatives in Congress, James W% Taylor, of Ramsey, A. J. Edgerton, of Dodge. For Slate Auditor, osiah Weiser, of Scott.— For Clerk of the Supreme Court, Win. 1*. Leech, of Dakota, "...-'_•• E a it of he States. Southern men and Northern doughfaces keep1 up a hue and cry about the equality of the States and insist that every de mand of the South must be complied with in order to preserve this equality. Ltit«s see how it works. The North has a vast prepondcrence of the wealth and popula tion. Northern physicians have always been in the habit of ordering patients to pass their winters in the South, while Sou&ern doctors send their people North to spend the summers. Thus a verv prof itable business has been created for hotel kecpers~and hart drivers in both sections of the Union, but as the North has a vast ly larger number of wealthy people it is fair to infer that the South has made more by Northern travelers and visitors than the North has by those from the South How docs this principle of equality bear upon this trade A Northern invalid goes South to spend the winter. Some one whispers he is an abolitionist. A public meeting is called in which the leading men of the place take an active part, A Mob Committee wait on the stranger, find their way into the private rooms of ladies and invalids, break open trunks, take what they please and leave what they have a mind to. read private letters, insult the owners with tho grossest language, play ruffian and rowdy to the top of their bent, and if certain portions of the writings of George "Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry, or of most of our standard English authors, or any one of about half the newspapers published in the North should be found in possession of the stran ger, he is thrown into prison, perhaps tarred and feathered and driven out of the country. This and more is often endured by Northern citizens while on visits down South, without their having broken any law of the State they are in, or of the United States. The Constitution guaran tees liberty of speech and of the press in every State of the Union but it is not even expected that a Northern man while visiting the Soutn, shall dare to express his honest opinion of the Declaration of Independence, provided that opinion cor responds with that of tho man who signed it. The Northern man who goes South oges at his own personal risk as amongst a den of wolves. Our Constitution and laws afford him no protection against the great est possible outrages. But when a South ern man comes North the laws of the State he honors with his presence, are to be null and void during his stay just in so far as it may suit his pleasure to set them aside. The citizens of the State are to set about dancing attendance on his lordship. His wishes and property and prejudices are to be had in special demand. Hack drivers, hotel keepers, peanut venders, etc. etc. form themselves into phalanxes of ready drilled white niggers, ready to take the places of the blacks left on the plantation aad this is what they call eqality. Our own State has given two specimens of it this last summer, where a man who claimed his freedom in accordance with our laws was kidnapped by a band of these white niggers and robbed of his own body, and where another band of them volunteered in open day, and in the Court House, to kid nap a woman who had just been legally adjudged to be free. This was in Minne apolis. After Judge Vanderburgh had pronounced Eliza, formerly the slave of Col. Christmas, free by the act of her mas ter in bringing her to our State, a promi nent hotel keeper stepped up and offered to take her by force. It is thought ho and his assistants would have disgraced our State and violated her laws by this pro posed mob violence, if it had not been for the prompt courage of Mr. King of the State Atlas, who became so enraged at the proposed insult to our laws that he stepped before the imperiled woman and frightened her cowardly assailants off with resolute words when her friends were totally un armed and the rowdies fully prepared for a desperate struggle with deadly weapons. But our State is still disgraced in this mat ter, for we have not been able to protect this woman in the enjoyment of the free Qom our laws have bestowed. It was found necessary to send her, in a close disguise, down through the centre of the State, by private conveyance, and far into Wiscon sin before she could be trusted in any pub lic route on her wily to a Land of Freedom. This is a lasting disgrace—. Are Minnesota farmers so poor that they cannot afford shelter and protection to a poor woman who has thrown herself upon their hospitality And thisis the "equal-' ity" talked of. Tho people of the free. North to be the equals of Southern slaves in doing the will of Southern nabobs.— From such equality Good Lord deliver us. CKEDIT.—The article on our ouraido on the Homestead Bill was taken from the &. Paul £*»««. L, '•'.',-i-' From the St. Paul Minnesotien. The Proposed Amendments of the State Constitution of Min nesota—To be Acted on by the" People in November next. We lay before, our readers to-day the important Amendments to the Constitution recommended by the last Legislature, and to be voted upon this fall at the General Election. The first of these Amendments, fixes future sessions of the Legislature at sixty days. The Second, REPEALS THE FIVE MILLION LOAN AMENDMENT in so far as to prevent the issue of any more Minnesota State Railroad Bonds and, al so provides thit NO TAX shall be levied to pay the interest or principal on those now out UNTIL THE PEOPLE have voted in favor of such taxation. These Amendments are so important to the tax payers that we unhesitatingly urge upon all parties and classes in the State, their adoption. The first Amendment while it will materially reduce the expen ses of the Legislature will leave ample time for all necessary and judicious legislation 1—while the adoption of the second relative to the Bonds, will place them in a position where it will not be in the power of their holders to either frighten, beg, or buy a tax bill through the Legislature! We also publish Article 14 of the Con stitution relative to Amendments, and also the general law under the provisions of which the vote on the proposed Amend ments will be taken. It will thus be seen that the Amendments should be adopted by a majority of the votes cast at the Gen eral Election. Now, a word to the Bond holders, and we say it in all kindness—hands off gentle men. When we are no longer in your power, and by the adoption of the Amend ment relative to the Bonds, have placed them in a position where it will be your interest to keep your bargain with the State, and you build the Railroads as you solemnly agreed to do, then, but not till then, will we settle with you for the Bonds Then and not till then will we make any terms looking to the payment of the Bonds. Come gentlemen, keep your part of the bargain and we will keep ours. How do you like the picture AMENDMENT TO LIMIT LEGISLATIVE SESSIONS TO SIXTY DAYS. An Act proposing an Amendment to Article Four of the Constitution of the State of Minnesota., Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Minnesota. SEC. 1. The following Amendment to the Constitution of this State is hereby proposed for publication and approval or rejection by the people, in accordance with Section one (1) of Article fourteen (14) of the Constitution, that is to say: That there be added to Section one (1) of Article four (4) of the Constitution of the State, in the following words: "BUT .NO SJiSSION SHALL EXCEED THE TERM OF SIXTY DAYS." The foregoing Amendment shall be submit ted to the electors of this State, at an election to be held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November, to-wit on the ninth day of November, One Thousand Eight Hun dred and Sixty, in the several election districts of this State. The ballots at said election shall be as follows Those in favor of this Amendment "Limit ing Legislative Sessions, Yes," those against the Amendment "Limiting Legislative Ses sions, No." The polls at said election shull open and close at the same hour, and be con ducted in the same manner, and the same notice shall be given of this election, as is or may be directed by law for electing State Offi cers and the returns thereof shall be made and certified in the manner provided by law for re turning votes for said officers, and such returns shall be canvassed by the Official Board of Canvassers of the State within forty (40) days after said election, and if it shall appear that a majority ©f voters present and voting at said election, have ratified the proposed Amend ment, the Governor of the State shall make proclamation thereof, and incorporate the fore going Amendment in the Constitution, and de posit the said election returns in the office of the Secretary of State. Sso. 2. This Act shall take effect after its passage. ... ... Approved March tenth, One Thousand Eight Uundred and Sixty. ALEX. RAMSEY. AMENDMENT REPEALING THE FIVE MIL LIONLOANAMENDMENT, PROHIBITING THE FURTHER ISSUE OF BONDS. AND REQUIRING THE POPULAR SANCTION TO A TAX BILL. Concurrent Resolutions of both Bouses of the Legislature of the State of Minnesota, proposing Amendments to the Constitution of the State Resolved, by the House of Representatives of the State of Minnesota, (the Senate concur ring) that there be and hereby are proposed, for the approval or rejection of the people, the following Amendments to the Constitution of the State, viz: That Section two (2) of Article nine (9} of the Constitution be amended so as to react as follows: S EC Two (2). Tho Legislature shall pro vide for an annual tax sufficient to defray the estimated ordinary expenses of tho State for each year, and whenever it shall happen that such ordinary expenses of the State for any year shall exceed the income of the State, for such year the Legislature shall provide for lev ying a tax for the ensuing year sufficient with other sources of income, to pay the deficiency of the preceding year, together with the esti mated expenses of such ensuing year. But no law, levying a tax or making other provision for the payment of interest or principal of the Bonds, denominated Minnesota State Railroad Bonds, shall take effect or be in force until such loan shall have been submitted to a vote of the people ol the State and adopted by a majority of the electors of the State voting upon the same.. That Section ten (10) of Article nine (9) of the Constitution be amended so as to read as follows: SEC Ten (10). The oredit of the State shall never be given or loaned in aid of any individ ual, association or corporation, nor shall there be. any further issue of Bonds denominated State Railroad Bonds, under what purposes to be an amendment to Section' ten (10) of Article nine (9) of the Constitution, adopted April fif teenth, Eighteen Hundred and Fifty Eight, which is hereby expunged from the Constitu tion saving, excepting and reserving to tho State, nevertheless, all rights, remedies, and forfeitures accruing under said Amendment. Approved March tenth, OneI Thousand Bight Hundred and Si«»* 'ALEX, RAMSEY, THE MODE OF VOTING ON AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION. An Act, in relation to proposed Amendments to the Constitution of this State. Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Minnesota. SECL 1. That- at. the next annual election after ..any. Amendment to the Constitution of this State shall have been proposed by the Leg islature, the people shall vote for or against the ratification of such Amendment. SEC. 2. The voting upon such amendment shall be by ballot distinct and separate from the ballot for any officer voted for at the same election. Sac. 3. The ballot of those voting in favor of such Amendment shall be in the following form, to wit: "Shall the proposed Amendment to Article Section of the Constitution be rat ified Yes and the ballot of those voting against such Amendment shall be in the fol lowing-form, to-wit: "Shall the proposed Amendment to Article Section of the Constitution be rati fied? No." SEC. 4. The said votes shall be canvassed and returned to the office of the Secretary of State in the same manner in all respects, in which the votes for State Officers are canvass ed and returned. SEC. 5. On the fifth Tuesday after said elec tion the Governor, the Secretary of State, and the Attorney General or any two of them shall assemble at the office of the Secretary of State, and canvass the said returns, and the Governor shall issue a proclamation declaring the result thereof. SEC. 6. This Act shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage. Approved March seven, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Sixty. ALEX. RAMSEY. THE RCQUIREMENTS OF THE CONSTITU TION AS TO PROPOSED AMENDMENTS THERETO. The following extract from Article 14, relative to "Amendments to the Constitu tion" needs also to be studied in connection with the above: ARTICLE 14.—AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION. SEC. 1. Whenever a majority of both Hou ses of the Legislature, shall deem it necessary to alter or amend this Constitution, they may propose such alterations or amendments, which proposed amendments shall be published with the laws which have been passed at the same session, and said Amendments shall be submit ted to the people for their approval or rejec tion and if it shall appear in a manner to be provided by law that a majority of voters pres ent and voting, shall have ratified such altera tions or amendments, the same shall be valid to all intents and purposes as a pan of this Constitution. If two or more alterations or amendments shall be submitted at the same time, it shall be so regulated that the voters shall votefor or against efcch, separately. O S E I O We have received from James S. Ritch ie, Esq Secretary of the Lake Superior Agricultural Society, the following copy of a letter sent by him to the Pioneer & Dem ocrat OFFICE LAKE SUPERIOR AORICCL TCRA£ SOCIETY, Sept. 8th, '60. MESSRS. EDITORS:—I am constantly in re- ceipt of letters from farmers and drovers in Northern Minnesota requesting information in regard to the condition of the road to Superior, and if contracts can be made with the Miners, &c. As I will be absent for sometime, at the U. S. Agricultural and other State Exhibitions, I refer all those desiring information, to Mr. R. G. Coburn, Commissioner and produce mer chant of Superior, who purchased largely of Minnesota produce last winter, and is anxious to extend his business relations. I see nothing in the way to prevent wagon loads of butter, etc from being brought here immediately. If Minnesota butter will equal Ohio, and can be sold from 12 to fourteen cts. per lb., our citi zens would gladly save steamboat freight.— Several hundred bags of oats were landed here lately from Chicago, and command from 40 to 50 cts. per bushel. Cleveland and Chicago flour is sold cheaper from tteamboats than could be afforded by Minnesotians. In regard to the Superior, Mille Lac and Crow Wing road, I have to say that Hen. Mr. Nettleton and Col. Whipple lately drove over to Crow Wing and returned. They pronounced this road to be in good order. The annexed cer tificate is from Hon C. C. Andrews, of Saint Cloud and II. Trott, Esq.. of Pine County. In conclusion, I: request all those desirous of in torination, either to come here at once, or to address R. G. Coburn, Commission Merchant. Newspapers interested in the opening of roads to Lake Superior, will please insert this letter and oblige J. 8. RITCHIE, Secretary. "COPY." This is to certify that we made the trip over the Military road from St. Paul to Superior in the mail wagon, September 7, 1860, and con sider said road to be in good traveling order, and saw no reason to hinder teams with 2,500 lbs. reaching Superior in the Summer season. HERMAN TROTT. C.C ANDREWS. S. SWISSHELM A BRADDQCK'S I E S On Wednesday evening, 29th ult., Mrs. Jane G. Swisshelm lectured to a large audience in the M. E. Church in Braddock's Fields, on "Minnesota and the North-West." She was listened to with tho utmost attention, and at the close, the thanks of the audience returned to her.— Pittsburg (Pa.) Dispatch. he Duplicit of Douglas* Hon. S. S. Cox, who is running a hope less race for Congress, against Hon. Samu el Galloway, lately made a speech in Co lumbus, in the course of which he showed up the treachery of Douglas in anything but an enviable light. We quote from the Columbus Fact: "Mr. Cox said he had been blamed by some for his vote on the English bill but he stated distinctly that he had consulted with Judge Douglas, and that he advised and approved of the vote. Judge Douglas himself, when the bill came to the Senate, voted against it, al though it was in exactly the shape in which he had advised bis friend Coxto support it. Here is testimony against Judge Douglas, which Mr Cox got from his own mouth, to show that a demagogue can play on both sides of the same question,, Douglas knew that the Vote of Cox would be necessary to carry the bill through the House, and therefore instructed him how to vote. When it came to the Senate he knew that it would pass without his vote, and he voted against it, thus playing on both sides of the question." adJjm••'•''••''•'"• The tact adds that Mr. Cox has repeated these assertions in various places through out Ohio Of course their truth cannot be denied. Information for Settlers. Pre-cmptors who have a claim of 160 acres, can pre-empt, say foity. eighty, or I one hundred and twenty acres) just as they have the means, and let the remainder go to the Government. This should be the plan adopted by all settlers who have not the means to enter their quarter sections. The chances areas ten to one, that they will be able to secure the remainder of their claims in one or two years. It will be a much better plan to enter a portion of the section, compromising probably as much land as they will have under culivation for several years, than to sacrifice their necessary stock at low prices.. LAND FPFICE DECISIONS. Martin Anderson had settled on bis claim (within the six mile limits) before the location of the Railroad line, but he had not filed on.it. The letter given be low decides that in all such cases, provid ed the settler has remained upon and im proved his claim, he may before, the day of sale, "prove up" and pay for his land at $1.25 per acre without filing GENERAL LAND Orrica, 1 30th July, 1860. GENTLEMEN :—In reply to your letter of the 15th inst., in the case of Martin Anderson, you are informed, he cannot be permitted to file for the land claimed, but that if he settled upon it before its withdrawal for Railroad purposes, and has continuously improved and occupied it, he has a right to pre-empt it under the act of 27th March, 1854, without filing. Respectfully yours, J. S. WILSON, Commissiener. The following letter to the Land. Officer* at Chatfield also settles a point of interest. GENERAL LAND OFFICE, 1 August 21rt, 1860. GENTLEMEN :—In reply to your letter of the 10th inst, I have to state, that all persons re siding upon the odd numbered sections of any township mentioned in the President's procla mation dated July 7th, 1860 are requested to prove up and pay for their lands previous to the commencement of the public sale, whether the sections or parts of sections, embracing their claims, are specifically described in said proclamation or not. Otherwise the same will be forfeited. This opinion is in accordance with your letter, and with the uniform practice of the office whenever the question has arisen. Very Respectfully, your obed'nt serv't, J. 8. WILSON, Commissioner. We call the attention of our readers to the following highly important letter ad dressed by the Commissioner of the Gene ral Land Office at Washington, to Q. W Chowen, Esq. W have italicised some of the clauses which contain the gist of the letter. Every settler within any ef the Townships named in the Proclamation must perfect his title from the Government, if he has not already done so, before the time of sale, which in the Forest City District is set for the 22nd of October: GENERAL LAKU Omce, 1 August 18, 1860. (3to. W. Chowen, Esq., Minneapolis, Min. SIR:—In reply to your letter of the 11th inst., I have to state that every pre-emption set tler upon lands embraced in any of the Town ships mentioned in the President's Proclama tion, No. GG4, dated 7th of July, 1860, which is the subject of your inquiry': will be required to establish his claim and ma' a proof and pay ment at the proper Land Office before the day appointed for the commencement of the public sale, whether the sections or parts of sections (mbracing the land claimed be specifically de scribed or not. Tor instance, as mentioned in our letter, sections 2,4, andK} Sec. 6, T. 119, It. 24 w, are specifically named in said Procla mation, and advertised for sale at Forest City, to commence en the 22d day of October-next. If there are settlers entitled to pre-emption on any other land than that described in T. 119, K. 24 w, they will be required to consummate their claims prior to the 22nd of October next, otherwise the same will be forfeited. Very Respectfully your ob't serv't, JOS. S. WILSON, Commissioner. An Unfortunate Position. Mr. Douglas still finds insuperable dif ficulties in the way of ascertaining the res idence of his mother.. By some perverse fate, whose untimely interpositions Ties us all, he will, doubtless,' be compelled to visit every principal southern city and half the towns before he hits upon the northern village where she lives and awaits the return of her absent son. And then he is beleagured at every point by people, who do not seem so anxious to set him on the right road as to hear him return thanks, and reannounce the filial duty. I he telegraphs to one city of his coming, no one consults the directory, and tells him his mother is not resident there, but they insult his grief with brass bands and aid his search with torchlight processions. It is not certain if Mr. Douglas will ever find his mother. The census taken may aid him but judging by the pasty even this hope will be denied. Another such un fortunate man is not in public life, All manner of diseases harass him, and keep him away from civic duties as perversely as the loss of his mother keeps him from filial ones. When the homestead bill passed the Senate, gout seized his legs, and held him at the foot of Capitol hill when others were paying tribute to the memory of Brodcrick, a malign pleurisy constricted his trachea when the Davis resolutions passed the Senate, he had tho dysentery when the bill came up in the. same body for the admission of Kans'S," cancers in the bowels were telegraphed ss the new ill his flesh was heir to. And even now, if a pit) ing country calls him to the presidency, what physician knows a drug io the materia mediea certain to insure so ill fated an anspirant against, some insessorial affection, in the enT pre. venting his occupancy %£the eharr^of State.—iE World Thermometries! Record. Reported expressly for the DEMOCEAT, Jy Marlatt $ Sims, JJmggitU, St. Cloud.- 7 4. 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