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St. Cloud Democrat. (Saint Cloud, Stearns County, Minn.) 1858-1866, November 29, 1860, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016836/1860-11-29/ed-1/seq-1/

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One copy, one year, $ 1,50
Five copies, one year, 6,25
Ten 10,00
Twenty copies, one year, (and one
copy extra to the getter up of the
«U», 20,00
Payment must inraaiably bemade in advance
One column, one year, $60,00
Half column, 35,00
One-fourth of a column 20,00
One senare, (ten lines or less) one week, 1,00
Business Cards not over six lines, 5,00
©rer six lines and under ten, 7,00
Legal Advertising: Sixty cents a folio first
Insertion, 40 cents all subsequent insertions.
AH letters of business to be directed to the
Lower Town.
Will make collections, invest money, boy,
sell or loan land Warrants, and enter purchase
or dispose of Real Estate.
Lower Town.
Will make collections, invest money, buy,
sell orloan Land Warrants, andenter, purchase
or dispose of Real Estate.
Dealer* in. Foreign and Domestic Exchange,
TZ EEP Land Warrants constantly on hand
and for sale at a small advance from New
x'ork prices. Collections made, Exchange
St. Cloud, July 28th, 1860. aug2-3m
O O E & S E E
(Late 01 St. Anthony,)
Orica 121 Medusa's (PHEHIX) BLOCK,
"ST. PAUL, Min.
Civil Engineer and Surveyor.
fSmT Office on First Street, Lower St. Cloud
Vfape of all surveyed lands, and plats of at
It«leading towns of Northern Minnesota, can
had at all times at my office.
orner ef Lake Street—Gorton's Building
S f. CLOUD Min
ESPECTFULLY tenders hia Professional
Services to the Citizens of St. Cloud and
19 Vicinity.
Kasidencc, L»wer Town, second house, south
we*i of Ravine, formerly occupied by Mr.
fi^gr Particular attention given to Operative
"Jui^ery. vol-lOny
in.Clothing, Cloths, Cassioieres
Testings, and Gentlemen's Furnishing
00 Is, eo the inspection of which he invites
is friends and the public.
dcclO. 1857-ly
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Dry Goods,
roceries, and Crockery. Main Street, Lower
ewn, Sfc. Anthony, Minnesota. v2n30:ly
§&* Produce taken in Exchange for Goods.
Three doors above the Tremont Hotel.
St. Anthony, Jfin.
June, 10,1868. vollnol3,l
I,HE undersigned offer then services to loan
I money upon beat real estate security and
purchase and sell property either real or
rsonal, for a reasonable commission.
Phey hate now for sale, at low prices:
20 quarter sections of good land.
50 lots, (some improved*) in St. Cloud.
20 in Nininger addition to St. Paul.
20 in Nininger city,
10 in Mound city, Illinois.
St. €loud, May 18,1858.
How wond'rous are the changes, Jim,
Since twenty years ago.
When gals wore woolendresses, Jim,
And boys wore pants of tow
When shoes were made of calf-skip,
And socks ef home spun wool
And children did a half-day's work,
Before the hour for school.
The girls took music lessons, Jim,
Upon the spinning wheel
And "practiced" late and early, Jim,
On.spindle, swift and reel,
The boys would ride ^bare back" to mill
A dozen miles or so,
And hurry off befor't was day,
Some twenty years ago.
Then people rode to meetin', Jim,
In sleds, instead of sleighs,
And wagons rode as easy, Jim,
As buggies now-a-days
And oxen answered well, for teams,
Though now they'd be too slow
For people lived not half so fast,
Some twenty years ago.
O, well do I remember, Jim,
That "Wilson patent stove,4'
That father bought and paid for, Jim,
In cloth our gals had wove
And how the neighbors wondered,
When we got the thing to go
And said 't would bust and kill us all,
Some twenty years ago.
Yes, everything is different, Jim,
From what it used to was
For men are always tampering, Jim,
WithGod's great natural laws—
And what on earth, we're coming to,—
Does anybody know
For everything has changed so much
Since twenty years ago.
He Sees Strange Sights and Tells
Curious Stories.
Editorial Correspondence of the Phila. Press.
NEW YORK, Oct. 27,1860.
I have been sojourning in this vast hu
man hive for several days past, and have
fulfilled a long deferred promise to make a
tour of those portions of the city in which
the worst phases of poverty and vice are
to be witnessed. The task has not been a
pleasant one. To see what I have seen,
and to bear up in the face of every variety
of degradation, required a deal of resolu
tion but having resolved to go through
with it, I did not blanch from the hour of
starting, about eigb^t o'clock last night, un
til, tired and nauseated, I reached my ho
tel at two o'clock this morning, too glad
to enjoy the necessary renovation of a bath,
and a sleep, refreshing, it is true, but
crowded with dreams of the horrid sights
and scenes which have just passed before
my eyes.
Having secured the friendly and neces
sary aid of two excellent detectives attach
ed to the admirable police, six of us, mak
ing the whole party eight in all, issued
forth upon our mission. The first place
we reached was the police station-house
near the Metropolitan. As we entered,
one of those sad trials was taking place
that are only too common in New York.
Two unfortunate girls were arraigned be
fore the lieutenant of police on a charge of
disorderly conduct. The lieutenant, who
acted in the double capacity of clerk and
judge, first heard the story of the officer
who had them in charge. I watched the
man's cold stony eye—his pale faded face
—and soon realized that familiarity with
his occupation hadwholly blunted his sens
ibilities. He paid little attention to the
defence of the painted, overdressed crea
tures before him, but entered their names
and ages on his book, and then, with a
hard, mctalic voice, directed the officer to
take them below, lock them up, and let
them have no light.
"Oh, for the love of God," said one of
the girls, tears in her eyes, as she turned
from the impassable lieutenant to the
strange spectator?—"for the love of God,
net helow, not down there—I have done
nothing but drink a little more than I
ought to have done." Her veil was up.
She had been handsome once and a sweet
smile had not wholly fled from her face.
Perhaps she had left some happy home to
hide her shame perhaps some aching
heart was breaking for her, far away per
haps she had nobody to care for her.—
Alas! if she is now sought, she will be
found, probably, "down below"—-her for
tune, like her eell, "dark," and her fate
unlighted, save by the mercy of a redeem
ing God. Her companion was closely
veiled, and followed her into the cellar
prison with silent and trembling steps.
We turned from this rather sorrowful
opening, got into our carriages and drove
to the lower wards. It is some fifteen
years since, under an escort furnished by
my excellent friend Matsell, I passed along
these narrow streets and stifling alleys.—
There has been a great change for the bet
ter. The Old Brewery has given away to
a Mission House and a sort of a home fcr
children without parents. Warehouses
and granite stores are springing up in new
and crowded thoroughfares But there is
yet room, Heaven know, for still greater
changes. More than a year ago I gave
you a short experience of high hotel life
in this city, and spoke of the almost exact
similarity between the people of that time
in the gorgeous saloons and sweeping halls
of those "steamboats ashore," and. the peo
ple who flirted, fed and flattered in the
large hotels of New York, ten years before.
And if I had not known that Death had
been busy since my last nocturnal visit to
the haunts of lower life, gathering his hu
man harvest, I could havo almost sworn
thai the faces and figures, the riot and
rags, the filth and profanity of last night
were the same that had saddened and star
tled me before." The evening was a lovely
one. There wa%*wyoung mbon in a clear
sky, and the atmosphere was soft and cool.
The close lanes were crowded with a mixed
mass of men, women and children—not
those that swept in and surged along
Broadway, but another race, probably as
indifferent to Broadway as Broadway to
them. Music was heard from almost ev
ery door glasses were clinking and above
the din of voices the tones of th6 gentler
sex were heard as the octave flute is heard
in the full orchestra.
Let us enter one of these dens. First
in the ginshop, with a stout woman as the
presiding divinity, who welcomes us with
no pleasant air, but who does not refuse
admission when she sees the protecting
"stars" that shine benignantly at our aide.
Next, the oall room! Not a bad copy of
other saloons with more pretensions. At
the extreme end is a balcony, or a box, in
which area violin, a clarionet and a fife,
each with a bloated face behind it, and
the trio are producing a sort of drunken
cotillion. The women are first in position,
each with her partner, generally invited
by herself. The men are generally heavi
ly begrimmed and bewhiskered and
among them two who do not look to be
over eighteen. "Most of these," said our
guide, "arc known to be burglars and
that fellow at full length on the side bench
is supposed to have been guilty of at least
three murders. That woman has had five
husbands—the last is at sea—and she will
soon have another and that young fellow,
with the light cap, who dances so grace
fully, and is dressed so well, is one of the
most expert pickpockets in the country."
We left the usual fee but were informed
that the girls could not get J^'H till the ball
was over. The tigress at the bar kept
them sober on light potations till this part
of their slavery was performed. These
frail sisters are mostly attached to these
houses as so many fixtures, paying so much
a week for their board, (at least five dol
lars), which they must cam by the double
sacrifice of body and soul! I heard some
stories of the way they are treated by their
overseers, and who are too often fiends in
the shape of men how they are driven
out when they yield to the temptations
around them how they are forced to sub
mit to the most iuhuman brutalities and
how, in utter desperation, more than one
finds peace in an early grave, a willing
victim to the vice she has" labored to resist,
or to that longing for death which is grat
ified by poison or the knife. But I will
not repeat these details for, sooth to say,
if they were fit to tell, they would not be
believed, familiarly notorious as they are
here. In one of these dens, where gin
was not prohibited, I saw a child, of not
more than six years, stupid with rum—its
eyes half closed in drunkenness, and its
little face bloated! "For God's sake, give
me some air," said one of our party, "I
cannot stand this a moment longer."
Wait, oh, over-delicate and squeamish
friend You will cry for "air" presently
with a sincerer zeal. We are as yet only
in the vestibule of the mysteries. What
we have to sec lies farther on in the night.
Be patient, and do not let thy gorge rise
too soon.
"Stoop here, and take care of your
watches." "This," said our kind police
man, "is the resort of those who get gin
at a cent a glass Enter!" Gracious
God aod are these thy creatures Ran
ged on benches, in a narrow cave, are the
victims of this infernal traffic. They are
all worse than idiots. There is not one of
them who has intelligence enough to con
tend for equality with a monkey. They
glare at you with meaningless eye they
gibber through trembling and quivering
lips, and try to arrest you with weak hands
as you pass. If they converse with each
other, it is like a conversation with bab
"This," said our guide, touching the
shoulder of a man who, with hands in his
pockets, vacantly gazed upon us, "is a good
mechanic, who can earn good wages if he
chooses, but every now and then he breaks
out into a frolic, end here is the place he
comes to spend his leisure in. I am sorry,
Ben," he said, turning to the man, "to see
you here again." The poor fellow bowed
his head and left the den.
As it was growing late, we were invited
by our escort to look at some of the lodging
rooms in the neighborhood. With lantern
in hand, which served to make his "star"
visible, and to show tho way to ricketty
stairs, we descended into a deep cellar.—
On opening the door, there steamed up
such a stench as made us recoil as before a
blow, creating indescribable sensations
breathing, it might be, infectious disease.
The first sight that met our eyes was a
I7B8 bfl
?Speak unto the children of Israel that they 90 forward.'1—EXODUS,
mm mmmm
baby, calmly asleep in its 6radle, watched
over by a blear-eyed and drunken mother,
who greeted us with a laugh, and pointed
to the inner ohamber, where was a sight
that only the pen of Dickens, or the pencil
of a Wilkie, could describe.
The evening was not cold, but the keep
er of this airless hole had lit afire in a di
lapidated stove, which seemed to increase
the stench that filled the place as with a
cloud. Piled on benches, packed upon
shelves, lay human being—happily, up to
this time all men—some asleep, some glar
ing upon us like wild beasts, and all ap*
parently miserable.: The proprietor sat
between the bunks, smoking his pipe and
answering questions.
In another of these catacombs (for so
they may well be called the living bodies
exhaling an odor as putrid as if the bodies
were as dead as the sensibilities they feebly
surrounded,) there was a still more hide
ous sight. Here husbauds and wives—
for so let us believe them to be—lay to
gether. A sick dog whined in a corner,
keeping up an unearthly yell, and making
us shudder before the superstition that
greets such a sound as the forerunner of
death and between his agonizing wail
and the curses of the men and women
around me, I thought for a moment that I
was in a lesser Pandemonium.
"Gentlemen, are you satisfied?" said our
kind guardian.
"Yes, more than satisfied," said a Phil
adelphia friend by my side, who only stuck
to me because I should have upbraided
him for his desertion.
Following our "star," in single file we
began to ascend a building of some three
or four stories, along dark entries, up creak
ing stairs, and through gloomy passages,
until we came to a room at which the offi
cer knocked loudly. For some moments
there was no answer, but at last a gruff
voice cried out:
"Who's there?"
"An officer."
"What do you want?"
"I want to see you. I've got company
for you."
"They shall not come in they have no
business with me. I tell you I'll not open
the door."
The officer turned to us, and said
"Here is an old customer who knows his
legal rights. I wish I could show you his
crib but I will not break open his door."
On another story we had less difficulty.
At a single rap the door opened, and there
stood before us a negro man more hideous
in his ugliness, and more terrible in his
appearance than I can describe. A ming
ling of what one reads of Fagin and Bill
Sykes a combination of craft and of sen
suality a brutalized idea of a vulgar Shy
lock and an inhuman bully
"Well, Tobe," said our guide, "how are
you to night, and how are your wives
"Pretty well, thank you, sir," he re
sponded, bowing, and pointing to a corner
where, on a single pallet, with an unoccu
pied space between, lay two white females
who had once been women, and now were
It was now verging upon the small
hours, and we turned our attention to the
station house of another ward. On our
way the officer picked up a little boy, with
what seemed to be a cigar box slung over
his shoulder—a boy not more than five
years old. He was without father or
mother had been peddling his candies
and begging his pennies since morning,
and seemed to be glad to be captured be
cause, all guiltless as he was, he might
thus secure a resting place for the night.
Our officer informed us that it was no un
common thing for children, from ten to
fourteen, to be accomplished as pickpock
ets, and to make a business of asking
alms but this little fellow was not of the
class. We carried him to the station
house, and made ample compensation to
him for our indifference, because that we
had just seen seemed to care for no human
sympathy or assistance.
The lieutenant at this station kindly
threw open the doors of the lodging rooms,
and of the cells for prisoners taken up du
ring the night. In one of these rooms we
counted thirteen women—homeless and
friendless creatures, who had there sought
shelter. Some were asleep, and those
who waked drew their shawls over their
bare heads to avoid the gaze of the visi
tors. One held in her arms a child about
two years old, whose little pale face and
attenuated limbs indicated that the sands
of its life were fast running out, and that
Providence intended to rescue it from the
fate of the poor wretches around it.
Outside of the small and close cell, on
benches, were stretched other women.—
Not a few of their countenances showed
past beauty of no ordinary character. The
black, glossy hair of one, her white teeth,
and her finely chiselled features were evi
dence that, young as she was,' she had
flaunted her brief day as queen among her
class. But she, too, was not long for this
At the end of the corridor was a room
somewhat larger, occupied by the men
lodgers. Here the degradation was more
apparent. The bruised and bloated faces,
the shoeless feet, the filch, and noisome
smell that exhaled from their bodies crea-
ted a sensation of indescribable nausea.—
They were packed in like herring, all,
without exception, the victims of drink
and its attendant vices and crimes,
Down stairs were the cells in which the
prisoners of the night were confined—sen
tenced on various charge some for drunk
enhess and others for theft and burglary"
Oh one of the hard pallets a woman was
reposing. She roused up at our" approach
and began to weep and moan in the most
heart-rending manner. Next door to her
was a mother with a child in her arms
One cell contained three men. My atteri
tion was called to one of these, an aged
man, who came forward and protested that
his companion was killing hirc. "He has
beaten me," said the man, "for the last
two hours lam here, for nothing I have
committed no crime I have seen better
days. For the sake of humanity take me: their human brothers and sisters peris
out of this place." His appeal was sus
tained by the appearance of hia tormentor
—a young and stalwart Irishman, with a
hideous face, who poured out a torrent of
profane vituperation upon the old man
The officer kindly released the latter, amid
the most earnest expressions of gratitude.
The station houses seemed superior to
those of Philadelphia. The accommoda
tions for the officers are neat and conve
nient the hall itself large and well order
ed, and the whole economy of the place
admirable. Most of the lieutenants are
men of education and character, and the
discipline of the rank and file of the police
seems to be exact and severe. A record is
kept of all those who arc lodged and con
fined their ages, sex, occupation and resi
dence. The majority of the guilty and
the poor seemed to be males, but the pro
portion of females was frightfully large.
The adventures of these unfortunates
would furnish a startling commentary upon
the scarcity of female employment, and
the inadequacy of female wages. Attrac
ted to New York, they run a brief career,
after as brief a resistance to the allure
ments of vice, and die an early death.
The history of a young girl from an ad
jacent village was to.ld to us. She was ex
tremely lovely, but fond of dress and ad
miration, was induced on one occasion to
pay a visit to New York, by a man who
represented himself as a merchant, and
proved to be a gambler. She never re
turned to l.er happy home, but became an
inmate of one of the Mercer street houses^
where she remained for some two years.—
At the end of this time she had contrived
to save some fifteen hundred dollars, and
then resolved to change her course of life,
and to live upon her little fortune. At
th3t moment tho tempter again appeared,
in the person of her seducer. She loved
him ardently, and, with a woman's confi
dence, surrendered to his keeping her
money, on the promise it should be repaid
five fold. She never saw him more, "and
now," said the officer, "she is almost a
nightly occujant of one of our cells."
Those who have read the works of luck
ens will remember how he delineates the
mystery of thieving in all its varieties the
skill and dexterity of the London burg
lars the utter degradation, even of chil
dren of both sexes, reared amid evil asso
ciations, and the difficulty of detecting
the really guilty. New York cannot, of
course, equal London in this respect, but
it ha3 many representatives worthy the
pen of the illustrious Boz. Aneedotes
are related of boys of ten years, who make
the circuit of the city, day and night, with
violin and tamborine, and return with con
siderable harvest, taken from the pockets
of their audiences, all of which, in turn, is
counted over to their leader,,who exercises
a brutal tyranny over hia youthful follow
The nationalities of the habitues of the
part of New York that we visited are
American, German, and Irish. Of course,
American rowdyism is there represented in
its worst phases, but the fondness for liq
uor seemed to show Itself less among the
Germans. Those who resort to the. Ger
man dens prefer lager beer, while in other
quarters we noticed that gin, whisky, and
other poisocous decoctions were the favor
ite beverages.
Our next and last visit Was to the negro
headquarters. Down stairs a stable, the
second floor a Coffin warehouse, the third a
ball room and a bar! The contrast was
entirely in favor of the colored ladies and
gentlemen. The room was cleaner, the fe
males better dressed and better behaved
and the men looking healthier and more
alert. A large party occupied the floor as
we entered. The music was good, and
the dancers more decorons than that we
had seen. Among those who participated,
we noticed four young white men, appa
rently clerks from neighboring stores.—
They, seemed to be much consternated at
the appearance of the officers and the stran
gers. But they worried through the
dance, and took the first opportunity to
Leaving a fee with the woman who had
charge of the place we returned to oor car
riages, and reached our quarters, tired, ja
ded, and depressed. Philadelphia has its
sore spots, like New York. The Press
lately published a very faithful daguerreo- deaf and dnmb man, residing near bf, was
type of tiie condition of the degraded in
*"rd, Baker and Spafford streets. But
TAH OMDia (IUOJO ,18 3
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"1.0881 UT2 iscfmdvoHr^J8Jb«iwri'
r8 -. taexsaairhfll
9 i860. W). 18.
no such sights appal the senses in our city
as those which are so commonin New. York.
I' time had permitted we should have giv
en more evenings to the examination of
other places. What we saw was but a por
tion of' the city. .•••••••
When we left our .•hosUjL.ouily the
evening, Broadway, in a bright moonlight,
was crowded with foot passengers. The
street was covered with carriages'and ve
hicles of all descriptions. Streams of litjhfr
poured from gay stores, and joy and com
fort seemed to abound. When we re
turned tha* vast thoroughfare was deserted
and quiet. Tho contrast between the close
and stifling alleys we had lelt and this
splendid avenue, stretching fjr miles
through the heart of the great metropolis,
was strangely suggestive. How few of
those who flaunted on Broadway caied for
withm five minutes' walk. Beyond, and
in the aristocratic portion of the city, in
the Fifth Avenue, where, fjr other miles,
stretch lordly pafeces, crowded with luxu
rious adornments/and^occupicd by those
whose wants aTe anticipate], and whose
tastes vitiated by an excess of wealth, there
is a criminal inference to the suffering
poor. Little of the vast revenues coined
in speculation and in' trade is diverted to
their relief. Tie aim al contribution to a
fashionable church, the frequent presents
to a popular preaeherTufay be said to be
the usual limit of the charities of the 'over
rich. In their eyes penury is crime, and
one poverty-stricken wretch detected and
confined, is made an excuse for including
the whole class. How much such a man
as Astor might do to alleviate the dis
tressed and to rescue the degpitlgd I Ona
month's income set apart every your of his
almost countless wealth, devoted to the
payment of a vo'uiteer force, instructed to
provide lodgings for those who stroll these
streets night and day expended for the
gathering in of the fatherless children,
who, baviug none to care for them, bfg
and steal that they may live to the clean
ing of the narrow lanes in the neighborhood
of the Five Points to the removal or pi
rifieation of the tumble-down tenements in
which hundreds hide themselves—would''
confer more lasting honor upon his naire
than gifts ostentatiously bestowed ior
doubtful purposes. J. W. F.
JO^" An afflicted husband was return
ing from the funeral of his wife, when a
friend asked him how he felr. "Well,"
said he, pathetically, "I thiuk I feel bet
ter for that little walk."
Sssr* Mr. Rarey, the famous horse tam
er, is coming home. He brings with hiia
the most unruanagable of his trans-Atlan.
tic quadruped pupils, the fiery steed Crui
e^* ^Jrs. Partington says that she has1
noticed that whether flour was dear or
cheap, she lias invariably to pay the same
money for half a dollar's worth.
0^"The new mills put up on the sight
of the Pemberton Mills in Lawrence,
Mass., will be in full operation in -Janua
ry next. They will give employment to
1,000 operatives.
£g^ The Neil House, a splendid hotel
at Columbus, Ohio, was completely de
stroyed by fire on the morning of the 7th
The loss, includ:ng goods iu the stores,
connected, is §-300,000.
8fl^. While our Northern 'Dough
Faces' arc encouraging the blustering:
threats of the disunionist traitors, the
Southern Unioa men are denouncing
the wretches in defiant and burning el
oquence. A/Dough Face' is a pitiable
Peterson,s detector cautions the public to
refuse 5's on the W estern Bank, of Phila
delphia. Over SoOOO in spurious bills
have been recovered. The notes are well
engraved and good imitations of the gen
Many years ago, a naval officer
was so .pleased with the pluck of a bare
footed boy who rowed him across .rrotri
Statcn Island to Bergen during a storm
that no one else dared to encounter, that
he got him a situation on a vessel. The
boy was Cornelius Vanderbilt, now worth
8 "Look here, Biil,'* sud a gojd
nstured Bell and Everett tuau to a fel
low partizan yestarday, on River street,
—"I really expected to go up Salt Ri*
vcr this fall, but blame m*, if dream
ed Salt River was paviga^la^aJ&r a^J"
He had just concluded an hour's study
of the elections returns, In the Nation,
State, County and City.'
t&* A widow nimed Hatfield, residing
in a lonely house a few miles from Bfoom
field, Ind., was awakened a few nights ago
by persons trying to open her doors and
raise her windows,and plainly heard them
conversing .with one another. Seizing a
gunj she bred froni the windowj and there
was an instant scampering, and alK Wa*
stKL The next morning the body at* a
found a short distance from the
with a bullet lodged/ in his body.
•:n *i

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