Newspaper Page Text
a a a IJi I I JUJIII. VOL. a ST. CLOUD DEMOCRAT soman sxtF OFFICE ON THE WESTERN BANK O THE W MILES A O E E FALL S OF ST. ANTHONY, OPPOSITE THE STEAMBOAT LANDING TH E STEAMBOA oooo TERMS One oopy, one year, Fire copies, one year, Ten Twenty copies, one year, oopy extra to elob, KE2prices.salWarrants $ 1,50 6,25 10,00 one (ail the getter up of tiio 20,00 Payment must invaaiably bemade in advance KATES OF ADVERTISING One column, one year, $60,00 Half column, 85,00 One-fourth of a eolumn 20,00 One square, (ten lines or lets) one week, 1,00 Business Cards not over six lines, 5,00 Over six lines and under ten, 7,00 Legal Advertising: Sixty cents a folio first Insertion, 40 cents all subsequent insertions. AU letters of business to be directed to the EDITOR S E E N I E ATTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT LAW, ST. OLOTTID, Lower Town. Will make collections, invest money, buy, sell or loan land Warrants, and enter purchase or dispose of Real Estate. A E S E ATTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT LAW S OI-iOTJX), Lower Town. Will make collections, 'invest money, buy, •ell or loan Land Warrants, and enter, purchase •r dispose of Real Estate. W A I & E Dtalert in Foreign and Domestic Exchange, Land constantly on hand and for at a small advance from New York Collections made, Exchange drawn atthelowest current rates,Taxespaid,&c. St. Cloud, July 28th, 1860. aug2-3m O O E & S E E O ATTORNEYS & COUNSELLORS AT LAW ST. CLOUD, Min. E O A N O S E (Late oi St. Anthony,) ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW, One iv MCCLOSO'S (PUOENIX) BLOCK, NFAK THX Bunas HT. PAUL Min. W A S O N S COUNSELLOR AT LAW, OrriCB WASHINGTON AVKNCE, orner ef Lake Street—Gorton's Building 8 1 CLOUD Min W S I O N O N fiSPECTFULLY tenders his Professional Services to the Citizens of St. Cloud and its Vicinity. Residence, L«wer Town, second house south we«v. of Ravine, formerly occupied by Mr. vCiltmorne. StsT* Particular attention given to Operative Barbery. vol-lOny W E O MERCHANT TAILOR, 'SALER in Clothing, Cloths, Cassimeres Testings, and Gentlemen's Furnishing JO Is, to the inspection of which he invites bis riends and the public. deolO 1857-ly & A N E W S Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Dry Goods, roceries, and Crockery. Main Street, Lower 1 own, St. Anthony, Minnesota. v2n30:ly t&t* Produce taken in Exchange for Goods. S A N O N BOOK S O E J". I E O I A WHOLESALI ANn RETAIL DEALER IN VOOKS, STATIONARY, WALL PAPER, FISHING TACKLE, POCKET CUTLERY, FANCY ARTICLES, TOYS, &o. Three doors above the Tremont Hotel. St. Anthony, Jfin. Jane, 10.1858. vollnol3,l I MILLXE. HESRV SWI88HELM E A E S A E A E N ST. CLOUD, MINNESOTA. ri HE undersigned offer their services to loan I. money upon best real estate security and te purchase and sell property either real or P» rsonal, for a reasonable commission. Xhey have now for sale, at low prices: 30 quarter sections of good land. 60 lota, (some improved,) in St. Cloud. SO in Nininger addition to St. Paul.. 20 in Nininger city, 10 in Mound city, Illinois. MILLER A SWISSHELM SL wlond, May 18. 1868. 1 A E Civil Engineer and Surveyor. PgfOftee on First Street, Lower St. Cloud Maps of all surveyed lands, and plate of all th leading towns of Northern Minnesota, can be hid at all times at my offiee. E I E O E A There's many a holy rapturous strain Floating o'er the River of Deatjj,' Te the weary who wait, like the ripened grain, For tho touch of the Reaper'e breath. There are flashes of light on each lifted wave, As it glides from the further shore, To the shadowy border our tear-drops lave, In the lull of tha water's roar. They are harp strings, stirred by the perfumed air, And gushing with melody sweet, Like the whispered notes of a child at prayer, In the hush of the twilight deep. They hear the low music so solemn and grand, And heed not the eddying tide, For they catch agleam of the forms that stand By the stream on the other side. X*d we see alight on the calm white brow, £,jke" 'he glow of the crimson morn But we see n?*- tQe h'ps on the lids of snow, All the ntgu.t we !*eem so long! And we only know w'ien ^e hear no more, As we watch for the passing brpath, That an angel is swiftly bearing iliem down The banks of the River of Death Only know that their footstep8 sands a re pressijjg the Of the shore that their brightness laves: And over their bosoms fresh garlands we lay, And a lily we twine in their hair Fit emblems ef beauty, now blighted they say, Those garlands and lily.buds are. I call it not blighted—I deem them not dead Who thus pass away in their bloom For they rest in their beauty where tears are not shed O'er the darkness and blight of the tomb. And oft, as I sit at the casement alone, I list, if perchance I may hear, Through the stately pines as they sway and moan, Like a child at the shrouded bier, The flutter of sails and the rushing of waves, And the flash of a gilded oar, As the reaper starts from his emerald caves To carry me down to the shore And I wait for the swoop of an angel wing, Apd the clasp of an angel hand. For the sound of a harp and the chant of a hymn, And the light of the glory land. But alas! I listen and wait in vain Yet I know that my weary feet Shall wander ere long from the valley of pain, To the river so solemn and sweet. I shall go with the Reaper, changeless and pale And each woe that my heart has known. Each agonized cry, each desolate wail, Each fearful and piteous moan, Shall be washed away by the murmurous waves, From my spirit so joyous and free. When I see the smile of the lovely who wait On the beautiful shere for me. E A I O E OR, THE STAGE DRIVER'S ADVENTURE. Fourteen years ago I drove from Dan bury to Littleton, a distance of forty-two miles, and as I had to await the arrival of two or three coaches, did not start until after dinner, so I very often had a good distance to drive after dark. It was in the dead of winter, and the season had been a tough one. A great deal of snow had fallen, and the drifts were plenty and deep. The mail that I carried was not due at Littleton, by the contract, until one o'clock in the morning but that winter the post master was very often obliged to set up a little later than that for me. One day in January, when I drove up for my mail at Danbury, the postmaster called me into his office. "Peter," said he, with an important, se rious look, 'there's some pretty heavy money packages in that bag f* and he pointed to the bag as he spoke. said tha money was from Boston to some land agents up near the Canada line. Then he asked me if I'd got any passengers who were going through to Littleton. I told him I did not know, but "suppose I have not," says I. "Why," said he, "the agent of the lower route came in to-day, and he says that there has been two suspicious characters on the stage that came up last night, and he sus pects that they have an eye upon this mail, so that it will stand you in hand to be a lit tle careful." He said the agent had described one of them' as a short, thick-set fellow, about forty years of age, with long hair, and a thick, heavy clump of beard under the chin, but none on the side of his face.— He didn't know anything about the other. I told the old fellow I guessed there wasn't much danger. "O, no, not if you have got passengers through but I only told you of this so that you might look out for it when you change horses." I answered that I should do so, and then took the bag under my arm and left the office. I stowed tho mail under my seat, a little more carefully than usual, pla cing it so that I could keep my feet against it but beyond this I did not feel any concern. It was past one when I started and I had four passengers, two of whom rode only to my first stopping place. I reached Gowan's Mills at dark, when we stopped for supper, and where my other two passengers concluded to stop for the night. About six o'clock in the evening I. left Gowan's Mills alone, having two horses and an open pung. I had seventeen miles to go—and a hard The night was clear seventeen it was too. but the wind was sharp and cold, the loose •now flying in all directions, while the' were upon me all the time-^-eo I must re- Speak unto the children of Israel that they go forward."—EXODUS, drifts were deep and closely packed. It was slow, tedious work, and my horses soon became leg-weary and restive. A the distance of six miles I came to a little settlement called Bull's Corner, where I took fresh horses. been two hours going that distance. Just as I was going to start, a man came up and asked me if I was going through to Littleton. I told him I should go through if the thing could possibly be done He said he was very anxious t© go, and as he had no bag gage, I told him to jump in and make him self as comfortable a3 possible. I was gathering up my lines when the hostler came out and asked me if I knew that one of my horses had cut himself badly I jumped out and went with him, aud found that one of the animals had got a deep cork cut on the off fore foot. I gave such directions as I considered necessary, and was about to turn away, when the hostler remarked that he thought I came alone. I told him I did. "Then where did you get that passen ger?" said he. "He jst got in," I answered. in "I don't know.'1' "Well, now," said the hpstler, "th*?*"'8 kind o' curious. There aint no suyh man been at the hotel, and I know there aint been at any of the neighbors." "Let's have a look at his face," said I "We can get that much at any rate. Do you go back with me, and when I get into the pung, just hold your lantern so that the light will shine into his face." He did as I wished, and as I stepped into the pung I got a fair view of such portions of my passenger's face as were not muffled up. I saw a short, thick frame full, hard features, and I could also see that there was a heavy beard under the chin. I thought of the man whom the postmaster had described to me but I didn't think seriously upon it until I had started. Perhaps I had gone half a mile, when I noticed that the mail bag wasn't in its old place under my feet. "Hallo!" says I, holding up my horses liitle, "where's my mail My passenger sat on the seat behind me, and I turned toward him. "Here is a bag of some kind slipped back under my feet" he said, giving it a kick, as though he'd shoved it forward. Just at this moment my horse lumbered into a deep snow-drift, and I was forced to get out and tread down the snow ahead of them, and lead them through it. This took me all of fifteen minutes and when I got in again I pulled the mail bag forward and got my feet upon it. As I was doing this, 1 saw the man take some thing from his/lap, beneath the buffalo, and put in his breast pocket. A this I thought it was a pistol. I had caught the gleam of the barrel in the starlight, and when I had time to reflect, I knew I could not be mistaken. About this time I began to think some what seriously. From what I had heard and seen, I soon made up my mind that the individual behind me not only meant to rob the mail, but he was prepared to rob me of my life. If I resisted him he would shoot me, and perhaps he meant to per form that delectable operation at any rate While I was ponderirg, the horses plunged into another deep snow-drift, and I was again forced to get out, and tread down the snow before them. I asked my pas senger if he would help me, but he said he didn't feel very well, and wouldn't try so 1 worked alone, and was all of a quarter of an hour getting my team all through the drifts. When 1 got into the sleigh again, I began to feel for the mail bag with my feet. I found it where I had left it but when I attempted to withdraw my foot, I discovered that it had become entangled in something—I thought ft was the buffalo, and I tried to kick it clear but the more I kicked, the more closely was it held. I reached down my hand, and after feeling about for a few moments, I found that my foot was in the mail bag I felt again, and found my hand in among the packages of letters and papers! I ran my fingers over the edges of the opening, and became assured that the stout leather had been cut with a knife! Here was a discovery. I began to wish I had taken a little more forethought before leaving Danbury but as I knew that making such wishes was only a waste of time, I quickly gave it up, and began to consider what I had best do under the existing circumstances. I wasn't long in making up my mind upon a few essential points. First, the man behind me was a villain second, he had cut open the mail bag, and robbed it of some valuable mat ten He must have known the money let ters by their size and shape third, he meant to leave the stage on the first op portunity and fourthly, he was prepared to shoot me if I attempted to anest or de tain him. I revolved these things over in my mind and pretty soon I thought of a course to pursue.., I knew if I could get my hands safely upon the rascal, I must take him wholly unawares, and this I could not do while he was behind me for his eyes ST. CLOUD, STEAKNS CO. MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 13 I860. 4 8 a CHAP, XIV VERSE sort to stratagem. Only a little ahead was a house, and old fainter named Lou gee lived there, and directly before which was a huge snow bank stretched across the road, through which a track for wagons had been cleared with shovels. As we approached the cot, I saw a light in the front room, as I felt confident I should, for tho old man generally sat up until the stage went by. I drove on, and could distinguish the deep cut which had been shoveled through it, I urged my hor ses to a good speed, and when near the bank, forced theiu into it. One of the runners mounted the edge of the bank, after which the other run into the cut, thus throwing the sleigh over as quick as though lightning had struck it My passeuger had not calculated on any such movement, and wasn't prepared foi it but I had calculated, and was prepared. He rolled out into the deep snow, with a heavy buffalo robe about him, while I lighted upon my feet directly on top of him. I punched his head into the snow, and then sang out for old Lougce I did not have to call a second time, for the far mer had come to the window to see me pass, and as soon as he saw my sleigh over turned, he had lighted bis lantern and ^'irried out. "W"^ I reached the end of my route with my mail all safe, though not as snug as it might have been, and my mail bag a little the worse for the game that had been played upon it. However, the mail rob ber was secure, and within a week he was identified by some officers from Concord as an old offender and, I'm rather inclined to the opinion that he's in the State's pris on at the present moment. A any rate, he was there the last I heard of him. That's the only time that I ever had any mail troubled and I think that under all circumstances I came out of it pretty well. I in to iv in a or I a id E a Dr. Bush nell, the well-known clergyman of Hartford, Connecticut, after spending nearly a year in Minnesota on account of disease of the lungs, writes the Independ ent as follows: I have so many letters to answer res pecting Minnesota as to afford evidence that a considerable number of your readers will be glad to receive a short article on the subject for the consumptive party of these times, though not growing quite as fast as that of Mr. Lincoln, is yet growing sadly fast. Meantime this one letter to you will take away from me the necessity, it is pre sumed, of many private letters. I went to Minnesota early in July, and remained there till the latter part of the May following. I had spent a winter in Cuba without benefit. I had spent also nearly a year in California, making a gain in the dry season, and a partial loss in the wet season returning, however,sufficient ly improved to resume my labors. Break ing down again from this only partial re covery, I made the experiment now of Minnesota and submitting myself, on re turning, to a very rigid examination, by a physician who did not know at all what verdict had been passed by other physi cians before, he said in accordance with their opinion, "You have had a difficulty in the right lung, but it is healed now." I had suspected from my symptoms that it might be so, and the fact appears to be confirmed by the further faot that I have been slowly, though irregularly gaining all the summer. This improvement, or partial recovery, I attribute to the climate of Minnesota.— But not to this alone—other things have concurred. First, I had a naturally firm, enduring constitution, which had only giv en way under excessive burdens of labor, and had no vestige of hereditary disease upon it. Secondly, I had all my burdens thrown off, and a state of complete, uncar ing rest. Thirdly, I was in such vigor as to be out in the open air, on horseback and otherwise, a good part of the time. It 15. asked the old man as he came up. "Lead the hprsefi into the track, and then come here," saiu I- As I spoke, I partially Jootfne^ my hold upon the villain's throat, anu he drew a pistol from his bosom but saw it in season and jammed his head into the snow again, and got the weapon away from him. this time Lougce had led the horses out and came back, and I explained the matter to him in as few words as pos sible. We hauled the rascal out into the road, and upon examination, we found about twenty packages of letters which he had stolen from the mail-bag, and stowed away in his pockets. He swore, and threatened, and prayed but we paid no attention to his blarney.— Lougee got some stout cord, and when we had securely bound the villain, we tum bled him into the pung. I asked the old man if he would accompany me to Littleton, and he said "of course." So he got his overcoat and muffler, and ere long we star ted on. a *S does not follow, by any means, that one who is dying under hereditary consump tion, or one who is too far gone to have any power of endurance, or spring of recu perative energy left, will be recovered in the same manner. A great many such go there to die, some to be partially recovered and then die for I knew of two young men, so far recovered as to think them selves well, or nearly so, who by over vio lent exertion brought on a recurrence of bleeding, and died, one of them almost in stantly, and the other in about twenty-four hours both in the same week. The gen eral opinion seemed to be that the result was attributable. A I have known of very remarkable cases of recovery there which had seemed to be hopeless. One of a gentleman who was carried ashore on a litter, and became a robust, hearty man. Another who told me that he had seen coughed up bits of his lung, of the size of a walaut, and was then, seven or eight months after, a perfectly sound-looking, well-set roan, with no cough at all. I fell in with somebody every few flays who had come there and been restored and with multitudes of others whose disease bad been arrested so as to allow the prosecu tion of business, and whose lease of life as they had no doubt, was much lengthened by their migration to that region of the country. Of course it will be understood that a great many are sadly disappointed in going thither, and that as the number of consumptives making the trial increases, the funerals of the consumptive strangers becoming sadly frequent. The peculiar benefit of this climate ap pears to be from dryness. There is a= much, or even a little more of rain there than elsewhere, in the summer months but it comes generally in the night, and the days that follow brighten out in a fresh, tonic brilliancy, as dry almost as before. The winter climate is intensely cold, and yet so dry, and clear, and still, for the most part, as to create no very great Buffering. One who is properly dressed finds the climate much more en joyable than the amphibious, half-fluid, half-solid, sloppy grave-Hke chill of the East. The snows are light a kind of snow-dew that makes au inch, or some times three in a night. Real snow-storms are rare there was none the last winter. A little more snow to make better sleigh ing would be an improvement. As to rain in the winter it is almost unknown. There was no drop of rain last winter, from the latter part of October to the mid dle, or about the middle of March, except a slight drizzle on Thanksgiving Day. And there was not snow-melting enough for more than about eight or ten days to wet a deer-skin moccasin (which many, gentlemen wear all the winter.) The fol lowing table will show the comparative rain-fall, whether in the shape of rain or snow, for three different points, that may be taken to represent the whole country being on the two coasts, and at St. Paul in the middle of the continent: San Francisco. St. Paul. Hartford. Inches. Inches. Inches. Spring 8 6 10 Summer 0 12 11 Autumn........ 3 6 10 Winter 10 2 10 Mean 12 26 41 The San Francisco climate stands first here, in dryness, it will be observed but it requires to be noted, in comparison, that while there is no rain-fall there for a whole six months, there is yet a heavy sea-fog rolling in every day, which makes the St. Paul climate really the driest of the two. The beautiful inversion, too, of the California water season, at St. Paul, will be noticed the water falling here in the winter, and ceasing in the winter, when it is not needed. It will be important for the invalid go ing to Minnesota for recovery, to be there in the winter, when the advantages are best. must also be provided with the means of out-door life. Some invalids will have nothing to hope for, except as they become residents there for the rest of their lives. Now let me simply aid, that I recommend to no invalid the going to Minnesota.— The responsibility of that belongs to his phyoician and friends. I only contribute such facts as I know. H. How President is Elected. The successive steps in the election of President and Vice-President of the Uni teb States, are taken, according to exist ing laws, at the following data*: 1. the act of Congress of 1845, the Electors for President and Vice-Pres ident of the United States are appointed in each State on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November. 2. the act of 1702 these Electors are to meet on the first W ednesday in December, after, in their respective States, to cast their votes. 3. These votes, when east, are to be certified by the Electors aud scaled and'sent to the President of the Senate. 4. On the second Wednesday in Feb ruary after, the sealed certificates of the Electors are to be broken up and the votes counted, and the result declared in the prceenee of Con grass EDITOR AKD PROPRIETOR. -e» NO. "20.. The Reign of Terror From the N. T. Tribuno, 13th. The steamer Alabama, which arrived hero on Tuesday from Savannah, brought about 24 cabin passengers, one half of whom were banished from the city because of their Northern birth. One of these, persons, John Devinney, has called upon us, and from him we gather some facts in relation to this new phase of the Reign, of Terror. Mr. Devinney was in the em ploy of Harnden & Co., Expressmen, id Savannah, and recived, on Saturday morn ing, a notice that he must leave the city immediately. A notice waa served, at the same lime, upon Mr. Coe, an employ ee in the same office, that he also must leave. Expostulations were useless tho assurances of both men that they had in no way interfered with Southern institu tions, and had no intention of doing so, were not listened to for a moment, and they were threatened with immediate death unless they departed at once. Aa no alternative, therefore, was left them but either face dealb or leave, they left in the afternoon of the same day. Their ouly fault was that they were Northern men, Devinney being a native of Phil, adelphia, and Coe of one of the Eastern Stites. The man who was most instru mental in their banishment, was %ne James White, master of transportation on the Georgia Central Railroad. Thia White is himself a Northern man, butj having lived for some years in Georgia, and become a slave holder, he is so far, trusted as to be pcrmittt'i to prove bis faiibfulness by such villainous services aa these. Three of the passengers on board the Alabama, were a gentleman, his wiffc and daughter, who Md resided in Au gusta several years. This gentleman is a physician, and the hue and cry waa raised against him by one of whom he en deavored to collect a debt. This method of settling pecuniary claims if a favorite, one in Augusta, as our leaders will remem ber. This gentleman barely escaped with bis life, and neither he nor his family were permitted to bring away anything but the clothes on their backs. Another of the passengers was fioax Lexington, Georgia, but all except these four, were from Savannah, and were all banished, without any other reason given than that of Northern birth. This is the style of treatment which Northern men are constantly receiving at the hands o* the South,- and yet we are called upon to allow Southerners to visit Minnesota and to not only interfere with their servants which we do not propose to do,) bnt also to pass a law see Pion eer) to protect their slaves wh".le here, from any interference aud as a further in sult to our intelligence, we are requested to permit slaveholders to kidnap free men and carry them into slavery. W have never known an instance in this or any other Northern State where Southerners have been ungentlemanly treated, aside from the voluntary escape or slaves whieh they have had the temerity to bring with them into the free 'States. W have heard these Southerners denoun.ee our people in the most unmeasured terms, —to reflect upon Northern honesty and Northern hospitality, and yet nobody tarred and feathered these calumniators I Nobody North told them they must leave in one hour or they would be huug to the first tree. The truth is, Northera men have suffered long enough under this species of petty despotism,and it is about time to begin to consider the pro priety of resenting the insult.— Timet. First Babies. A somewhat extended observation apd a solitary experience, have convinced us that first-babies have a hard time. Par ents must have two or three children be fore they know what a baby is, know how to treat it, and acquire patience sufficient to treat it properly. The poor little fellows that, have the misfortune to come along first have to educate parents to their task, and in the process they get spanked, and shaken, and abused. After a man has three or four children, he learns that whip ing, or striking a child I.^PS than two years of age, is barbarism. We know one "pa ternal head" who struck his first child when only six weeks old, the ass actually believing that the child knew better than to cry, aud that he stopped crying at that particular time because he struck him. We carry certain notions of children, and of family government into married life, and the first child is always the victim of those notions. And not alone of these, lor the parents have not learned self-con trol, and a baby is whipped quite as often because tba parent is impatient or angry, as because it is vicious or intractabler "HfTe inflict on our first children the floggings we ought to have for our own impatience or fretfulness. This pounding of children before they become, in God's exje, morally responsible beings, is very sSftnge busi ness. Patience, good people—unwearying patience! Don't wait to learn it?until one of oar little ones: shall be hidden aides the AnatM ~Spring/ifltl Reg. _. r- -~-4 fSftSt S ..