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JANS G. 8WIS8HELM,
Is published at St. Cloud, Stearns County,
Minnesota, every Thursday afternoon.
Ok-rice: COR.VKR THIRD AVBNUE AND WASH
One oopy, one year, $ 1,50
Fire copies, one year, 6,25
Twenty copies, one year, (and one
oopy extra to the getter up of the
Payment must invaaiably be in adein advance
RATES OF ADVERTISING
Ine column, one year, $60,00
Mrilf column, 35,00
One-fourth of a column 20,00
one square, (ten lines or less) one week, 1,00
business Cards not over six lines, 5,00
aver six lines and under rcn, 7,00
Legal Advertising Done at legal rates.
All letters of business to be directed to the
Of all kinds neatly, cheaply and expeditiously
REAL ESTATE AGENCY,
ST. CLOUD, MINNESOTA.
1XTENSIVE Explorations of Land in this
District subject to private entry, and long
experience in Land Office business, give the un
dersigned peculiar advantages in the selection of
iand and the location ef Land Warrants.
LAND WARRANTS for sale at a small ad
vance on New York Prices.
Contested Pre Emption cases prosecuted be
fore the local and General Laud Office.
Attention paid to the payment of tnxes in
Benton, Sherburne, Morrison and Stearns
Town lots for sale in St. Cloud.
v3nll-tf L. A. EVANS.
JAMES M. McKELVy..
ATTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT LAV/
Will make collections, invest money, buy,
ell or loan land Warrants, and enter purchase
dispose of Real Estate.
Dealer in Foreign and Domestic Exchange,
TTEEP Land Warrants constantly on hand
\_ and for sale at a small advance from New
Vork prices. Collections made, Exchange
drawn at thelowcst current rates,Taxospaid,&c.
St. Cloud, July 28th, 1800. nug2-3m
WM. J. PARSONS,
COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
OFFICE WASHINGTON AVENUE,
Corner of Lake Street—Gorton's Building
ST. CLOUD Min
ItWABI) O. HAMLIN. WM. S. MOORE.
HAMLIN &. MOORE,
.4 TTORNEYS $ CO UNSELL ORS AT LA W.
Office—Corner of Washington Avenue and
St. Germain Street.
St. CLOUD MINNESOTA.
GEO. A. NOURSE,
(Late 01 St. Anthony,)
O E AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW
dries IN MCCLUNO'S (PHCENIX) BLOCK,
NFAR THE BRIDGE.
ST. A Min.
S E O N E N I S
ST. CLOUD, MINNBSWHA.
T. H. BARRETT,
Surveyor and Civil Engineer,
S T. CLOUD I NN
E N W. W E A
A E removed to my new shop near the
Bridge, where I am prepared »a do all kinds
of work in the Carriagemaking line. Wagons,
3»rriages and sleighs made in a neat and sub
stantial manner at low rates. Particular at
tention paid to repairing. v3-nll
O A S O N E S
kind* of wovk done in the best possi
Manner, Particular attention given
to hone ox-shoeing, plow work, and re
pairing 0 all kinds. Shop in same building
with H. Weary's Carriage hop. nil
O O S JLNJD S O E S
Being a Branch of a Shoe House
we Mil Boots and hoes at wholesale and re
tail low they, in bo bought in
CF ICAGO, or
o40-ly £ft. Paul Minn.
8 lit Sft Ctmu §tmmvAt
JANE G. SWISSHELM, EDITOR.
Thursday, February 20 1862
"Forever float that standard sheet
Where breathes the foe but falls before us,
With Freedom's sod beneath our fret,
And Freedom's banner streaming o'er us.'"
6££P" We will receive wheat, oats, corn,
flour, wood, good butter, eggs, or anything
else we can use, in payment of subscrip-
tions to the DEMOCRAT or debts due the
establishment. Now is the time to sub-
scribe or settle old bills.
EXPLANATION.—For the first time in
two years we are compelled to give onr
readers a ball-sheet, and are certain they
cannot regret it more than we do This
is caused by a rascally pressman leaving
us last week without a word or intimation
that he did not intend coming back. As
there are no idle printers in town we are
compelled to send abroad. Yet even in
this curtailed form we will give all the im-
portant news and correspondence, merely
leaving out our usual assortment of literary
and miscellaneous matter—which deficit
will be more than made up as soon as we
get matters "to rights" again.
E it a
"We had just conclude^ to advertise the
editor as "Lost, Strayed or Stolen," when
last night we received a private letter from
ber dated Madison, Wis., Feb. 14th, sta-
ting she had arrived at that pi ice the pre-
vious evening in good health, and would
furnish correspondence for the DEMOCRAT
in a day or two.
The news by last night's mail consisted
mainly of confirmations of the previous
repoits from Fert Donelson. Nothing
further from Savannah.
From Fort Donelson we nave news that
the exact number of prisoners taken is
13,300, besides 1,000 others who had couie
down the river to reinforce the Fort—
not knowing it had surrendered and were
bagged by our troops.
Gen. Grant has been nominated and
confirmed as Major General, for his gal-
lant conduct at Fort Donelson. Col. Gar-
field, of Ohio was nominated by the Pres-
ident as Brigadier General, in compliment
for his thrashing Humphrey Mai-shall.
The Rebels have abandoned Clarksville,
and retreated to Nashville, which town
Gen. Harris declares he will burn before
it shall fall into the hands of the Federals.
Fx-Governor Pennington, of New Jer-
sey, died on the 16th. He was Speaker
of the last Concrress.
—The people of Illinois claim honor
and victory for their State, there being at
Fort Donelson 25 regiments infantry Illi-
nois, 6 Iowa, 4 Indiana, and 4 regi-
ments Illinois cavalry also 6 companies
Missouri artillery. Vive la Illinois
E N E A N E IMBROGLIO.—A
dispatch from Leavenworth to the Chi-
cago Tribune, unler date of February 14th,
says several interviews have taken place
between Gens. Lane end Hunter, and it is
evident that amicable arrangements arc
impossible Gen. Lane will return to the
Senate without delay.
Gen. Fremont has been completly ex-
culpated from all charges by the commit-
tee, and the President rccomeuded to rein-
state him in an active commands. It
is reported that he is to be assignod to ser-
vice in Texas.
WM. SMITH & CO.,
—The Report of the State Librarian
has been received.
Speak unto the children of Israel that they go forward."—EXODUS,
W have received a copy of "Minne-
sota Its Progress and Capabilities—be-
ing the Second Annual Report of the
Commissioner of Statistics." It occupies
171 closely printed pages, containing im-
portant statistics of our own State, compar-
ing with others, and an immense amount
of useful information. This book bears
ample evidence that the office of Commis-
sioners of Statistics is no sinecure, and
very short sighted would be that wisdom
which should abolish it. W will jrive—
probably next week—an excellent review
of this report from tbc»St. Paul Press.
—Arthurs Home Magazine for March
has been received and is an unusually good
number. The engraving" Go it Rolla," is
very spirited and well executed, while the
woodcut "The Doctor's Visit" is capital.
We will furnish thi3 magazine and the
DEMOCRAT one year for §3.
—Hon. F. Driscoll, Clerk of the Sen-
ate, writing from St
Atlas writing from Austin, Mower County
in this State, says
A gentleman living near this town, the
past season, kept thirty-four cows whose
milk he converted into eight tonsof cheese,
which he sold at Winona for eight cents
per pound. This rolls up the snug little
sum of §1280, besides his calves and quite
a quantity of butter.
Next season this gentleman intends to
keep 100 cows. What more lucrative em
ployment can Minnesota farmers encase
—Late dispatches concerning the battle
of Roanoke Island sav that O. Jennings
Wise, son ot old Governor ise, was shot
through both legs and the lung?, and died
the following day.
The Federal gun boat Commodore Per-
ry run down the rebel flag ship Sea Bird,
having on board Commodore Lynch (whose
fleet, with the exception of one or two
boats, was totally destroyed at the taking
of Roanoke Island,) cutting her apart.—
Our men boarded her.
During the encounter which ensued, a
portion of her officers and crew jumped
overboard, and others had their brains
knocked out with handspikes.
Rebel accounts say that Commodore
Lynch has not yet been heard from.
was probably drowned during the fight.
HARRISRURG Jan. 21. 1862.
GEORGE BERGNER, Esq.—Dear Sir:
—Though much debilitated and afflicted,
I leave this morning for my regiment. In
parting with my old friends of Harrisburg
and viciuity, I desire to express the deep
est gratitude for the kindness shown me
during sickuess, by scores ol citizens,
who know how to sympathize with suffer
ing humanity. The tender of private car
riages, and the plentiful supply of game,
fruit and luxuries, showered upon me will
never be forgotten. To Dr W. W. Ruth
erford, I fani under special obligations.—
After more than four months kind and
constant attention, he utterly declines any
compensation, for the reason that he "re
ceives no pay for medical attention from
any soldier in this war for the Union." A
soldiers blessing upon him and the many
friends who have lightened the weary
months of pain through which I have pass
S E E N MILLER.
Lieut. Co 1st Minnesota Reg't.
ST. CLOUD, STEARNS CO., MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1862.
to his paper,
the Belie Plaine Journal, in speaking of
the Minnesota and Pacific Railroad says
"Two new names have been added to
the board of corporators Mr. E Thomp
son, well known as a banker in St. Paul
and Mr. Lcander Gorton who, we are cred
ibly informed, is a substantial business
man of iSt. Cloud,"
He also makes the following statement
"Messrs. Drake and Winters, the pres
ent contractors who have the means to
build the road, have made a new contract
conditioned upon the pasaga of this bill.
If we were a citizen of'.^t Paul or St. An
thony, we should ieel it our duty to use
our best efforts for its passage. From
personal conversation with Messrs. 1). &
W., we are assured that they will imme
diately commence operation aa soon as
this bi]l becomes, a law icith the objectiona
ble, section stricken oiii, and they are de
sirous of its speedy passage, as they want
to get 20,000 ties from Mendota ere the
river breaks up The iron necessary for
the completion of the road to St. Aitho
113-, together with what is here, lies at La
Crosse. Wc trust tha Legislature will act
wisely in the matter."
A correspondent of the Minneapolis
CHAP, XIV VERSE
W A S I N O N D. Feb. 8., 1862.
EDITOR E O A I have frequent-
ly, during m) sojourn here, had the hon-
or of being introduced to men high in au-
thority who have read the DEMOCRAT,
and I am invariably put through the fol-
lowing catechism "What part of Minne-
sota are you from t" "Central part—St.
Cloud." "Yes, I have beard of the town
its where Mrs. Jane' Swis3helm resides—
What kind of a woman is she "Well,"
I say, "it is a bard question. I think she I
is not quite so bad as she tries to appear.
She is a kind neighbor, has pleasant so-
cial qualities, genial disposition, loves or
likes her friends and hates her enemies
she abounds in many christian virtues, b»t
is rough in politics, neither gives or asks
quaTter she a great admirer of the
lords of creation but thinks that 'distance
lends enchantment to the view.'" I yon
are not satisfied with the picture have char-
ity for the artist, and console yourself by
quoting the proverb, "faithful are the
words of a friend &c."
The people in the Capital City are much
elated with the events- eftho present week.
The traitor Bright has been expelled from
(he Senate. The One Hundred and Fifty
Million Treasury Note Bill passed the
House and will without mush doubt soon
be a law. I believe no bill ever passed
Congress that the great West will, or ha?,
received half eo much benefit from as will be
conferred by this bill. Our farmers will not
be obliged to take wild cat money for their
po'k and grain, and our merchants will
not be obliged to lose much of their prof-
its to buy exchange. I think the saving
on depreciated currency and percentage
on exchange will nearly if not quite pay
ou\ taxes. Finally, the victory of Com-
modore Foote on the Tennessee river clos-
es the events of the week. Way the next
week be equally propitious, is the wish of
In advance of Winslow's telegraph I
send you the following information exclu-
sively for the DEMOCRAT. Gen. McClel-
lan's authority as Commander-in-chief of
all the armies of the Union, has within a
few days been reduced to embrace only the
division of the Potomac—not distrusting
the General's ability, but the system was
found to work bad with an army of over
half a million, scattered over so great ex-
tent of country.
What I said in my last communication
about the promotion of Dick Gorman, of
Minnesota, in one of the X. Y. Regiments
was premature as it was another rose of
the same name. If the information I con-
vey should all be confirmed, 1 would not
be permitted to associate with the report-
ers of our leading journals.
Gov. Ramsey's Message suggests that
the property of our State University may
have to be sold to liquidate the debts of
the institution. Would it not be advisa-
ble to have the Legislature pass an act
confiscating or sequestering the debts due
Gov. Aiken, of South Carolina, and other
rebels, who have loaned money to the Uni-
versity and are now trying to destroy our
national existence and reorganize society
on the basis of unpaid compulsary laboi
A similar biil is impending in the Legis-
lature of Pennsylvania.
Urge our citizens to get a memorial
through our Legislature, to exchange the
land grant from Crow Wing to St. Vin-
cent, and in lieu thcreef, give us one from
St Peter, via St. Cloud, to Lake Superior.
A road to Superior is our only salvation—
politically and commercially. Keep it be-
fore the people.
W have received the January num-
ber of the Minnesota Farmer & Garderer,
beginning Vol. 2. It is an excellent
number. For the terms on which we fur-
nish it with the DEMOCRAT see Prospec-
tus in another column.
A GOOD THING.—Judson's Patent
Transparent Cones for Kerosene lamps is
a new invention aed an excellent one. It
has been estimated that they save one-
third the amount of oil necessary with the
brass cone, and give a much clearer light
For sale by Dr. Mariatt.
CHICAGO, Feb. 11
E A S S W I S S E I am not
vain enough to suppose that yourself or
readers have noticed my long silence but
with the all engrossing topics of war and
politics—in which latter mystery even I,
notwithstanding former apathy, have be-
come intensely interested—there seems no
other subject welcome from either press or
pulpit but the one which fills all hearts,—
Vow, on such theme, unlike yourself, I
can ouly talk feelingly, not knowingly
and as the aspeet of afisirs and their con-
duct arouse only anger and distrust my
pen, nnlike the generality of correspon-
dents at present, who seem desirous of
saying nothing in as many words as possi-
ble, would drop gall too freely, for I am in
a blaze of indignation with every official
from the President downward—desire-that
heroes should be proved such before they
are worshipped, and look with scorn on
the popular idota periodically set up and
dethroned, exclaiming impatiently, if op-
portunity makes men, if every important
epoch in history brought forth correspon-
ding ability to meet the exigency, where
are our heroes, patriots, statesmen and
why do we form the exception to the rule?
—provoked at the tameness and lameness
evinced in every department at the«inef-
ficienl head which is no-hiead at the bare-
faced robbery and speculation amongst
contractors at the barenecked folly of the
woman who had the most gJsfieww oppor-
tunity for becoming famous by good deeds
and chose to become infamous by extrav-
agance in dress and entertainments when
every true wife and mother is practising
self denial and rejoicing in it who might
have achieved glory, and chose a bonnet
at the modern Boswell whose maudlin flat-
tery is worse than an emetic, who imag-
ines he is "looking on at the war" when
he is watching through windows to see
the President change his linen or chron-
icling McClellan's attitudes at the inso-
lence and ill concealed desire of interfer-
ence evinced by Englaud with no com-
punctious recollection of the time when
Americans countenancing the Canadian re-
bellion would have made it a revolution.
I fear it would be improbable to keep to
the safe platitudes of an itemizer whose
duties are simply to amuse.
It is said our present cabinet are wise
as serpents. Let us, the people, who send
our best blood to aid iheir plans, who pray
and pay, be convinced on this subject.—
When will it not be too hot, or too cold,
or unhealthy, or impossible, (Napoleon
declared there was no such word in war)
to do or die with such an army, with 3uch
unanimity of feeling Wh are we the
laughing stock of Europe who when they
can control their risibility will separate us
like two quarrelsome boys and patting
each on the shoulder bid them go their
way and quarrel no more.
I see you have been making speeches
to the soldiers what can you, what dare
you, say to them. Are they not willing
to risk life, health and happiness for their
country A I hope for Heaven, I believe
they would to a man. What more can be
required of them It is the motive pow-
er that should be assailed—the head that
directs, not the arm that will executs—
and while money is pouring from the
treasury by millions, while the army is be-
coming demoralized by inaction, the peo-
ple maddened by delay, Washington is gay
with revelry and the inhabitants, like
Sodom and Gomorrah, drinking and feast-
ing, or like Nero, fiddling while the coun-
try, our beloved country, topples to a fall
only to be God-averted.
W find in the Centreville (Ind.)
Republican the following, which should
teach parents to be careful with hot bricks
A little girl four years of age, daughter
of John Cooney of Dublin, was burned Co
death on Thursday or Friday night of last
week. The girl in attendance, we learn,
put the child to bed with a hot-biick, from
which the bed took fire in the girl's ab
sence. The house also was entirely con
—Lowry introduced a bill in the Sen-
ate on Tuesday to incorporate the town of
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
REJOICINGS.—On account of the de-
tention of the stage, the news ef the Fort
Donelson victory was not received until
Wednesday morning. On that afternoon
however, the town was made to ring with
firing, shouting^and other demonstrations
of joy. Seven dollars were raised in a few
minutes, and immediately expended in
powder, whieh set a couple of anvils—in
lieu ot cannon—to doing rousing service.
The greatesreuthuaiasm was manifested,
and everybody was congratulating every-
body else. If there^wcre any "secesh"
who didn't like it, they dared not make
their feelicgs evident.
SLEIGHING A O Wednesday
evening of last week a party came up from
Clearwater, took supper at the Stearns
House (just the place) and returned aboufr
S E he Sisters of the order of
St. Benedictine will give a suyper at Bro-
ker's HaJBr on Tuesday evening, the 25th
inst. After supper the drawing of the
prizes of the Fair will take place. Also a
Concert. Entrance, 10 cents ticiefe for
supper, 60 cents a couple single tickets,
SNOW.—On Monday[last we were favor-
ed with about six inches of snow, to the
intense delight of—nobody.
P. S.—About three inches of snow fell
last night and this morning—"by way of
variety" we suppose. There is still room for
a little more, and but a little.
PERSONAL.—Rev. Harrison, of Sauk
Centre, filled Kev. Phillip's pnlpiton Sab-
bath last. Caleb West was in town Tast
week. "Cal" printed the first paper issu-
ed in St. Cloud, the Minnesota Advertiser,
and for want of a roller was compelled, foi
the first few numbers, to use the old buck-
skin balls. is now we believe in tine
St. Paul Press office George Marvin,
who has been absentjn the Be lliver
country for about a year, is on a visit
home. reports that snow has actually
been seen in considerable quantities on the
Why is the Southern Confederacy like
a beautiful young lady !—Because'it is
MOVIN S A A I S A prodigious
team of nineteen yofceof oxen wore en«»a»-
ed yesterday in moving a house belonging
to S. O. Crawford from Sauk Rapids ?a
this place. Another belonging to the
same gentleman is to he brought over to-
day. We learn that there arc a hatf dos-
en or more others to be served in the same
manner. It is but a far years since Sauk
Rapids wa* considered the only place
above St. Anthony worth mentioning, but
latterly St. Cloud has so absorbed all the
attention, business and resources! of the
Upper Mississippi that this place is en
tirely lost to view. A large number of
their best citizens have already aaoved
here or transacted their business on this
side of the river, and many others will do
SERIOUS N A W A ArrAre.—Yester-
day afternoon a pair of horses belonging
to Mr. Bloomer, of St. Jo standing in
front of Anton Smith's shoe shop became
frightened and started down Washington
Avenue at a furious rate. Shortly after
passing St. Germain street they viercd to
ene side, and struck a heavy hitching- post
in front of b'ims' Drug store with their
neck yoke, breaking it off. They next
caught one of the outer posts of the awn
ing, pulling the whole affair down, pin
ning one of the horses to the ground*—
Some of the boards fell through the win
dow, breaking the glass and sash besides
articles inside. One horse caught by the
falling awning was badly injured. Friend
Sims says that at the first crash he thought
he heard Gabriel blow his horn quite dis-
tinctly. has since concluded, howev
er, that it wasn't Gabriel.
ACCIDENT.—While Mr. Crawford's
house, (a two-story building) spoken of in
another place, was being taken up the
steep hill back of Burbank's store, it sud
denly careened to one side, and fell a per
fect wreck. A horse and cutter with Messrs
Chas. R. Rice, James Moore and another
person passing at the. time were complete
ly buried beneath the ruins.. some
inexplicable miracle no one was injured
in the slightest. The hone received a