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St. Cloud Democrat. (Saint Cloud, Stearns County, Minn.) 1858-1866, January 15, 1863, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016836/1863-01-15/ed-1/seq-1/

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St *«bliektd at 8t. Cloud, Stearns Caunty,
Miaaeeeta, every Thareday afternoon.
Swnta TBIBB Anap a aae WASB
OUttpy.aatytat. $1.60
five copies, tee year, *.W
Taa 10,00
Twenty copies, oiijwr, (and eao
•Off te tie getter eft-Sf the
F.yswat most istaaiaMy btatadt in advance
t)»t tthnaB, aaa jaar, ••?•$•
•alf talaaw. W.OO
-OBNMWBHII of a col«sn 20,00
CBM oqaare, (taa liaee or 1am) aaa week, 1,00
Hstasss Cards aat ever six Unas, 6,00
Stat sis tiaai rr^ —*A~m
Legal Advertising Beat at legal ratee.
AU totteew tf baskets at directed tt tat
all kinds aeatly. cheaply andtapsditiously
MT1NSIVB Bxploratioas af Land ia this
District subject tt private entry, and long
aaptritaee ia Land Ofieabniiatis, gift the un
land aad the iteation of Land Warrant!.
LAUD WARRANTS for sale at a smell ad
aaaea ta Ntm Yvr% 'fritis.
Contested Pre Emption eases proseeuted be
fore tht local aad General Land Office,
Attention paid to tht payment of taxes in
•eaten, Sherborne, Mormon and Stearns
Tew* Iota far iale In ft. Cloud.
vSafl-tf L. A, IVANS.
•Ufeal, Miea
-T" ,'
\IALER8 la Eastern and Foreign Exchange,
I Revolutionary end HalfBreed Scrip, Lend
State Strip, Coia, Bank Notes, Un»
Ui Btatca Boade. Highest price paid for aU
detriptioa tf Uueurrent funds v4n41-ly
H. W A I
P*a\*r in Foreign end Domestic Exchange,
rr fgps Land Warrants constantly on hand
ar sele at a swell advancefrom New
f£\ prices. Collections made, Exchange
8t.Claad, July 28th, 18CU. aug2-3m
Orrioa WASHMOTOB Avxacs,
»etret tf Lake Street—Gorton's Building
IT. (LOUD .'
Office-Corner of Washington Avenue and
Bt. Germain Street.
tr. Caaea
Orioa ia MoCLvaa't (PB«BIX) BXOCK,
,i- NFAB THB BsLinea.
gif-^AtJL, V? Min.
J. W O
Clothing, Clothe, Caaaimeres
Vaetings. and Oaatleman'a Furnishing
e, le of whieh he invrtes
Hsffriend and the pnblie.
Wm. R.
and Surgeon.
mm nrattice Medicine in all its branches, in
etlsiSBiifi midwifery and opearative surgery.
TR. jSouS. Mi»i. Dec ilth, 1862.
A- A
0 I O N E N I S
H* A E
thrweyor. and... CiwU Engineer,
Bwiag a Breach of a Shot Honet
waatB Bttts aad Shoes at wholesale and re
ItA at lew as they eaa bt btnght ia
OF ICAGO, tr *,
1/mtO- St. FanL Mina.
I..-..' .' a isp i\-
:.••.:•''.- 1 -i
The wind and thetidt were fair that night,
When our "RiTer-bird" rounded Newcastle
But the clouds hadthickly gathered andspread
Darkening tht water t'er which wesped.
Soanaingthtsky,«*Wmitrainr» eat asked:
The fate of heaven to mt was masked.
"A storm is brewing," another replied,
Tht spirit within mt shivered andsighed—
Shivered aad wept, for I thought of one
Foot-sore aad faint from his march the sun.
In the Riahmond prison watting away,
Fevered by night and famished by day
The nakedfloorhis couch and chair
Dypg, mayhap, for a draught offresh air!
Young, andvaliant, and loyal, and brave!
•Thou who art mighty," I murmured, ••save!"
Under the western cloud-line dense.
A streak of splendor burned intense.
Itbrightened tht short on either side,
And the town in tht distance a as glorified
With its clustered dwellings, quaint and old, I
As ve glided along on a path of gold.
••Look!" said one "for the sunset is fair I"
And I, who in secret wept wkilere,
Bead in the radiant promise Written,
Hope for the hearts that were sorely smitten
Saying: "Father I hold Thy Hand rftaJt
I trust, though 1 may not understand!" .,,.
We Couched the pie*—we entered the towu
Dark I and tka clouds seemed pressing down.
I thought I heard the note of the sea
For the spirit ofheaviness moaned in me.
The night was/ar spent whenthe«louds passed
But a blue, bright morning filled the sky.
Yet the viewless tear-rain never ceased
Till thefire-Wingedmessage came: "Released."
0 ye who are weeping as we havewept,) '"j
Keeping Sad vigils that we have kept, .."
Out of hearts that have learned your grief
We cry: the Merciful give you relief I"
O"ye who are weeping—but not in dread,
Since the terrible tidings hare come,—"** is
%ir.\£y.'- hi »., T.--.^t.y't
"Christ, the Most Pitiful, giveyou relief-J".
You did not hear, for the storm of your grief—
You did not hear when that dear life ceased,—
ButtheAngelof Mercy whispered: "BeUtued
Released from the desperate, erimstn strife
Released from the battle and prisonof life!
When shall all conflicts be ended, O God!
vVhen shall
blood-stains be washed from the
The waiting bondman to manhood has risen,
Atthe mandate "released" that shall open his
And caating, if need be, our all at the feet
Of our country, we look-fof a triumph com
Look for the peace we have fought to win,
Uhcursedby a compromise with sin.
Its price paid down in our heroes'graves
To the clankingof fetters that fall from slaves!
Strange News from France.
'NEW YORK, Jan. 6.—The Tribune rays
editorially that a letter from a well-inform
ed source in Paris, received by the Asia,
states that a few days before it was written
the Minister of Foreign Affairs, M.Drouyn
del'Huys, visited the Emperor and ad
vised him that a change of the policy of the
Empire was required by the public, but
that he was so far committed to the pres
ent policy that he could not change. He,
therefore, tendered his resignation, recom
mending Lavalette as hit successor.
The ^modifications needed, in his opin
ion were: ,-•••'•
1. Greater liberty iq regard to Italy.
2. The withdrawal of the French army
rom Mexico, and a treaty of peace with
that power.
8 The joining in a note, to be signed
also by England and Russia, to the Con
federate authorities, taking ground- that,
inasmuch as the rebellion had now con
tinued nearly two years without success-,
the interests of humanity and civilization
required them to lay down their arms.
The writer adds that after opposing
these propositions, theEmperor, upon fur
ther consideration, took a more. favorable
view of the policy indicated. He also as
serts in the strongest manner that notwith
standing the unexpected and surprising
character of this information, it is strictly
true. .-•..-
A GOOD THING.—The aoldierv on the
frontier are making a good thing trapping
this winter. One of the soldiers brought
in over three hundred mink skins, which
he had trapped, and for which he obtained
average of three dollars each, skin.
Some of the soldiers who have been on
furlough have taken out as many as twenty
traps to a man. W hope they may all
have good success.—St. Paul Pioneer.
—We judge the Second Minnesota was
not actively engaged in the Murfreesboro
battle, for we find no mention of casual
ties in the regiment in any of the extend
ed lists published in the Chicago and Cin
cinnati papers.
Sptak lato tlit children of Iiratl that they ge ftrward."—EXODUS,
BloqatHt A Oeii. Bvtle to tk
Clttaesu of W«w Qrleaaa.
While, doing ibis my soldiers were sub
ject tq obloquy, reproach, and insult.
And now, speaking to you, who know
the truth, I here declare that whoever has
quietly remained about his' business, af
fording neither aid nor cuintbrt to'the ene
mies of thb United States, has never been
interfered with by "the soldters of the
Umted'States.-^ -n -ws.l
The men who had assumed to govern
towtfnd to defend your city in arms have
fled some of your women flouted at the
presence of those who came to protect
them. By a simple order (No. 28,) I
called upon every soldier of this army to
treat the women of New Orleans as gen
tlemen should, with such effect I now
calf upon the just-minded ladies of New
^a'„•*•ffiMffifeUfr.»,»t»»»'*{/fitftj| vsgfff tjS&vruBiui
so complete protection and calm
quiet for themselves, and their families as
since the advent of the United States
The enemies of my country,, unrepent
ant and implacable, I have treated with
merited severity. I hold that rebellion is
treason, and that treason persisted in is
death, and any punishment short of that
due a traitor gives so much clear gain to
him from the clemency of the government.
Upon this thesis 1 administered the au-turn
thority of the United States, because of
which I am not unconscious of complaint.
I do not feel that I have erred into too much
harshness, for that harshness has, ever
been exhibited to disloyal enemies of my
country and not to loyal friends. To be
sure .1 might nave- regaled you with the
amneties of British civilization and yet
within supposed rules of civilized warfare.
You might have been smoked to
death in caverns, as were the Covenanters
of Scotland by the command of a general
of the Royal House of England or roasted
like the inhabitants of Algiers during the
French campaign your wives and daugh
ters might have been given over to the
ravisher as were the unfortunate dames
of Spain in the Peninsular war or you
might have been scalped and tomahawked
as our mothers were at Wyoming by the
savages allies of Great Britain in pur own
revolution your property could have
been turned over to indiscriminant 'loot'
like the palace of the Emperor of China
works of art which adorned your build
ings might have been sent away like the
paintings of the Vatican your sons might
have been blown from the mouths of can
non like the Sepoys of Delhi, and yet all
this would have been within the rales of
civilized warfare as practiced by the most
polished and the most hypocritical nations
of Europe. For such acts the records ot
the doings of some of tho inhabitants of
your city toward the friends of the Union,
before my coming, were a sufficient provo
cative and justification.
But I have not so conducted. On the
contrary the worst punishment inflicted,
except for criminal acts punishable by
every law. has been banishment with la
bor to A barren island, where I encamped
my own soldiers before marching here.
It is true I have levied upon the wealthy
rebels and paid out nearly half a million
of dollars to feed 40,000 of the starving
poor of all nations assembled here, made so
by this war.
I saw that this rebellion was a war ofall
the aristocrats against the middling men
of the rich against the poor a war of the
gaa 'i a
Citizen* of New OrUant: ._.
It may not be appropriate, as it is. «otthe
importune in occasion, thai there should [thrallment of many.
be addressed to you a few words at part
ing, by one whose name is to be hereafter
indissolubly connected with your eity. •,,
I shall speak in no bitterness, because
I am not conscious of a single personal an
imosity. Commanding the Army of the
Gulf, 1 found you captured, but not sur
rendered conquered, but orderly reliev
ed from the presence of an army, but in
capable of taking care of yourselves. 60
far from it, you have called upon a for
eign legion to protect you from yourselves,
I restored order, punished crime, opened
commerce, brought. provisions to your,
starving people, reformed your currency*
and gave you quiet protection, such as.
you had not enjoyed for many years, ioa 1
landowner against the laborer that it
was a struggle for the retention of power
in the hands of the few against the many
and I found no conclusion to it save in
subjugation of the few and the disen
thrallmen of many I therefore felt no
hesitation ia taking the substance of the
wealthy who caused the war to feed the
tnatjeent poor who had Buffered by the war.
And I shall now leave you with the proud
consciousness that I carry with me the
blessings of the humble and loyal under the
rocf of the cottage and in the cabin of the
slayeasd so am quite content to incur the
sneers of the sofon or the curses of the
rick,. .. in
I found you trembling at the terrors of
servile insurrection All danger of this
I.have prevented by so treating the slave
th|t he had no cause to rebel. .. .','
$ found the dungeon, the chain, and the
lash ypur only means of enforcing obedi
ence in your servants. I leave them
peaceful, laborious, controlled by the laws
Q|4rindness and justice. 1 i,.^.0:
I hate demonstrated that the pestilence
can be kept from your borders.
I have added a million of dollars to
your wealth in the form of new Hand from
the batture of the Mississippi.
I have cleabsed and improved your
streets, eari&ls, and public squares, and
opened new avenues to unoccupied land.
I have give^you. freedom
If you desire to leave to your children
the inheritance you/received of iyour fath
ers—a stable, constitutional government
—it you desire that they should in the
future be a portion of the greatest empire
that the sun ever shone upon—return to
your allegiance.
There is but one thing that stands in
the way
There it but one thing that at this hour
stands between you and the government,
and that is slavery.
The institution, cursed of God, which
has taken its last refuge here, in His prov
idence will be rooted out as the tares from
the wheat, although the wheat was torn
up with it.
I have given much thought to this sub
I came among you by teachings, by
habit of mind, by political position, by
social affinity, inclined to sustain your do
mestic laws, if by possibility they might
be with safety to the Union.
Months 6f experience and observation
have forced the conviction that the exist
ence, of slavery is incompatible with the
safety either of yourselves or of the Union.
As the system has gradually grown to
its present huge dimensions it were best if
it could be. gradually removed but it is
better, far better, that it should be taken
out at once that it should longer vitiate
the social, political and family relations of
your country. I am speaking with no
philanthropic views as regards the slave,
but simply of the effect of slavery on the
master. See for yourselves.
Look around you and say whether this
saddening, deadening influence has not all
but destroyed the very frame work of your
I am speaking the farewell words of one
who has shown his devotion to his, coun
try, at the peril of his life and fortune,
who in these words can have neither hopes
nor interest, save the good of those whom
he addresses and let me here repeat, with
the solemnity of an appeal to heaven
to bear me witness, that such are the
views forced upon me by experience.
greater than you have ever enjoyed. -ot*
I have caused justice tob£ "administer
ed so Impartially that your own advocates
have unanimously complimented the
judges of, my appointment ,:
You have seen, therefore, the benefit of
Why, then, will you not all return to
your allegiance to the government—not
with lip service, but with the heart?
I I conjure you, if you desire ever to see
renewed prosperity, giving business to
your streets and wharves if you hope to
see your city become, again the mart of
the western world,' fed by the rivers for
more than three thousand miles, draining"
the commerce of a country greater than
the mind oi man hath ever conceived—re
to your allegiance.

Come, then, to the unconditional su
port of the government I Take into yoj
own hands your own institutions Te-med
el them according to the laws of nations
and of God, and thus attain that great
fc assured to you ,b geographical
position) only a portion fef which was
heretofore jours.. ,« oitoo
"Which way the subject theme may gang,
Let time or chance determine
Perhaps it may turn out a sang,—
Or probably a sermon."
Saturday Evening, Dec. 19th, 1862.
E AR WiLL.—Whcn last I wrote jou
we were, if my memory serree mc, at
Edgefield Junction. Since then, the
right *ing of ^^J^f^'^tX^ambm
land has changed its base and is how
about five miles south of Nashyille-T«ror
(the 9th) Division having a. central posi
tion—the different divisions of j&is wing,
stretching to theuright and to the*JI%frof
us several miles. '."''"
Another day has almost gone. As I
wri$e, tiie different rei iments of oiir Bri
gade are having their Dress Parades the
slanting sheen of the setting sun sparkles
and dances on the bright barrels of hun
dreds of muskets, throwing as it were a
halo of gloiy upon the stalwart forma 6fi
many a well tried son of1 Mars j'sottnds of
mu,tial music come wafted across the fields
and through the woods, and over the hifls
r-and over the hflls, and through the
woods, and across the fields ti that martial
tillating arms tell of wat, tw*r,
a beautiful sunset but how changed'thfe
wonted scene since' last that same sun run
hia biennial course! The air ia as balmy
as that of summer, but -..
"No plooghman homeward wends his weary
The tramp, tramp, tramp, of long lines of
men across these homesteads, and this
bristling array of bayonets tell another,
tale. How few of the citizens of Tennes
see can say-.,. ....-,, ^.... tftf 1 y,
"Why now my bopom's lord sits lightly on his
And all the day, an unaccustomed spirit lifts
me above the clouds with cheerful thought.'
No all is desolation—waste.
It takes enormous quantities of forage7
to supply an army such as this. Take
our Division alone every three days from
one hundred to one hundred and. twenty
wagons go out, and come back loaded with
grain and hay. A few days ago one sec-1
tion of our Battery went out as escort in
connection uith two regiments of infantry
(our trains are often attacked) and our
wagons brought in at a low estimate two
thousand bushels of corn, several loads of
hay, and one hundred and seventy bushels
of sweet potatoes—this off of three farms.
Thus you can form some opinion of the
drain upon the country and, the necessary
injury to farms. Rebels and Union alike
are called upon fences burned, and prop
erty of all kinds taken where military ne
cessity requires it.
Since my last, our Division has been
reviewed by Maj. Gen'l Rosecrans. The
day was fine and the Gen. enthusiastically
received. Our appearance and good ma
neuvering drew from him words of praise.
Most of the regiments of this Division
being old troops and well drilled, the evo
lutions were as correctly gone through
with as could have been done by old reg
ulars. A large number of citizens from
Nashville and vicinity were present, as al
so Maj. Gen. McCook, Gen. Mitchell, Geu.
Woodruff, Gen. Jeff. Davis, and any
quantity of lesser lights belonging to the
military horizon.
I have not forgotten since entering the
army the patriotic efforts of the ladies of
St. Cloud in making clothing and various
necessaries for the soldier, Alas! ladies,
if all I hear is true, and from what I know
your efforts sadly fail of results. It is a
common complaint among soldiers that
wines, liquors of all kinds, and clothing
are appropriated to the use of officers who
have these things in charge one officer
of our Division is now being tried forsuch
an offense. It is doubtless true that the
soldiers in hospitals are more or less ben
efited by the unceasing efforts of friends
._-"NS4l £-..-_•,
anything like the ex
efforts would meet
if all things sen/ were legitimately dis
bursed. I know myself the* Jlioe jellies,
good wine aod nick-nacks of various kinds
have been consumed by hearty robust offi
cers—things sent by loving friends at
home for the sick and ^n/faMA^oldien.«.
yenlj/msh.^d *frr cryingatisg.t^ire ,.
correct^. ,'.
It may not be uninteresting to: you to
know the present condition of our^compa
ny. We have present foy. duty, four com
missioned Officer^ ejghjjflCJ n/fflrr*"""it
ejoncd officers.^^^^rfviSetetv
We have a number of onr men in North
era hospitals whose/ condition I have no
means of knowing. Of these wounded at
Chaplin Hills, three aie convalescent. We
have in General Hospitals Nashville
JamesMcKenney, of Auoka, general debiU-
David JarvJs, of St. Cloud, Chrotuo Dysen
tery, much reduced. .r/.i,Kja L^C
a Miles A. Drown, Cold Springs, convalescent
Chas. N. Earl, Anok*, lung fever, quite ilL
David W, CoulUiard, St. Cloud, very feeble.
but not dangerously ill.
John Kennedy convalescent b*e
John N. Arnold, of Mehnee, convalescent.
Besides thejabove, we have" fflft^Jn the
sick list in campjive of this number are
in the c^mpa^iy hospital^ among whom is
William H. Staples, of Ano)ga, First
iieut., Woodbury ti Brffc^e Inspector on
AWrhK Brig. Geb: ClfrfMlfflr.6*
21,s%^Wenat Brigade'^jli teVoay by
olit brigade commandet, Carlin. The
troops maneuvered well', tlen. JeflV Davis
W-rftSSS* 1 §Wm*k*a iPraa-ofreaent
with his sfaffr ^B (fhVVrky you may not
tW'^otii&fo'tfat&mltom wko fir
ttorfrs^n^" fargi5rj^sqr
gn W^tt s^eiaT complicated
moves, he giving Uie ijoamanda a per
fff»-ao jjnibnBi* W etolffcd
The song now so popular in this army,
called "Here's your .Muje," an^ which
has found its way to St. Cloud, was com
posed near Nashville ahd had ita'origen in
this way. It is very common for citizens
'Ji*i .i-'ivr }J: .'••••Trt,"j,ii1viH.-t'j
to pas•s1through camp by permit to. look.
'after stray and sometimes stolen animals.
The soldiers are full of fun and on que oc*
casion a funny old gentleman went from
camp tp camp in great distress'sftei "his
mule"—the boys, first one add then an
other, calling after 'him1 "Here's your
muk." The song has been carried by
our soldiers, and "Here's your Mule" is
known in both armies. You must not sup
pose that we have no merriment in camp
indeed brains are constantly racked to in
vent '"sells" and play pranks of every
kind. The older troops like nothing bet
ter than to "poke fun" at new regiments
when they first come into the field With
out any previous drill, as is frequently the
.case. The green ones have to suffer in
more ways than one, and none are regard
ed as belonging to the brotherhood proper
until they have been in at least one battle.
It reminds one of tne social distinctions
frequently practised Where one "set*' fan
cy themselves much better than another.
Thus, there are two old regiments in this
Brigade, the members of which look with
disdain upon a newly arrived regiment
without drill or battle field experience.-—
I believe, so great is their pride, that if
any member of either the 21st or 38th Il
linois Regiment should turn his back on
the enemy, such an one would be shot
down by his comrades. The latest fun
these boys have had at the expense of the
aforesaid green regiment, occurred a day
or two since while the different regiments
were drilling by companies. The officer
of one Company had his men "in line" fa
cing to the "front." He wished to make
a "right face" and move off in the new
direction .:forgetting the command, said
he "Jt^-n it boys, turn around and march
from one end as you did yesterday" Thia
iB good enough' for the veterans to talk
about for one week at least.
The rebels are in front of us, hut, in
what force I know not our forage trains
are attacked almost daily and pur campa
are now and then "shelled." The pick
ets of the Division on our left was shelled
last night by a rebel battery. Bow Boon
the forward movement will commence I
cannot say. Gen. Rosecrans 'doubtless
knows what he is about. When we de
move it will be to fight.

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