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1 ^-«i Hanna •J I *i VOL. VII. THE DEMOCRAT Is published at St. Cloud, Stearns County, Minnesota, every Thursday afternoon. Orrici—1* Post Omci Bum»a, WAsmaatoJi ATKNTK. W. MITCBELl, Editorft1-roprlelor. I TBHMS I TWO DOiJUJM T3MJ?, Ifr ADtJiNCE. R.VTK9 OF ADVERTISINGI »ne column, one year, $75 00: One-half column, one year, 40 00 One-fourth column, one year, 25 00 One column, six months, 45 00 t)ne-half column, six months, 30 00 Vne-fourth column, six months, 18 00 One square, one year, 10 00 One square, six months, 7 00 Business cards, five lines or less, $5 per anum six lines, $6 seven lines, $7. Irffal advertisements at statute rates, lines of this sized type oojMsfiate a Square, and cards will be charged propor tion te to the space they occupy in brevier Valid.]) O Of all kinds executed with neatness and dijpntch, and at reasonable rates. Real Estate Agency, JIT.« LOCO I I MINNKSOTA. E^-H£'NSIV" E Explorations of Land in tliis Djl ,t subject to private entry, and expe "»encc I»anJ Office business, *iv« die artera^™ 1 iu the P««»«« advantages S on of a And location of Land Warrants. a W a a t*f I or sale at a small advance on New TtsrV I rices. Contested Pre emption cases prosecuted I oibre tlie Local and General Land Offices. Attention paid to THE PATIENT OF TAXES In Uenton, Sherburne, Morrison and t^te-irns counties. T.iWoBtts for tale in St. Cloud. vfinlS-tf L. A. EVANS. H. WAIT, A N E AND LICENSED DKALEJl IN fcs»w« Warraiilt Scrlfif Cwmnty,. a a State Order*. AISO— LEALEB IN SEAL ESTATE. Collations and Remittances promptly nitlf. T»xc!» paid for Non-residents. Offije on Washington avenue, one door south of the Central House. v6al8-tf W I I A A S O N S Attorney and Counsellor at law, 17. 8. Botsut y, Claim a Paten Agent, ST. CLOUD, MINN PRACTICES in all Courts, State and Fed- eral prosecutes claims before any of the Departments at Washington. 7 Particular attention paid to thecol «-tion of Bountv and Arrearages of Pay "if Sol tiers, Pensions for Discharged Sol iers or for the heirs of those who have »od in the service. Offioe in 3d story, Broker's -Block, over J. C. & H. C. Burbank & Co. v6n23 EDWARD O. HAMLIN, Has resumed the A I E O A W IN ST. CLOUD, MINN. Ofice, Five Doors south of H. 0. Wait's Bank GEO. W. SWEET, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW, Y1 TILL attend promptly to Collections, V\ and payment of taxes in Stearns aud Benton Counties. Special attention given te oases be. ^\the Local and General Land Oiiices. Office on St. Germain at, over Broker's 8tore. ST. CLOUD, MINN. TOLMAN & WHEELOCK, PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS, Will attend to the practice of Medicine and Surgery in all their various branches. Office over Edelbmck's store, ST. CLOUD, MINN. J. WHMLOCK, M. 9. M. C. TOtJtAW, M. ». WM. R. PHYSICIAN ST. CLOUD, HUNTER, AND SURGEON, MINN. I V. W E N S I I A N A N SURGEON, Will practice Medicine in all its branches including midwifery and operative surgery St. Cloud, Minn, Dec. 11th, 1862. A- T. AM Eli ir. ST. CLOUD, MINN. O A KIND S O JOB PRINTING, BIND TOUR ORDERS TO a a O ffJO'l'*-? -i." 3 II ST. CLOUD BOOKSTORE J. M. ROSEN#ERGER, BOOKSELLER, STATIONER A NEWSDEALER Has always oh battelftTint, Assortment of a S a ^AtSft— THE. LATEST PAPERS & AIAQAZINES THE STANDARD SCHOOLBOOKS, And everything usually found in a first class Bookstore. v6n!8-tf PHOTOGRAPH GALLERY. PHOTOGRAPHS, AMBROTYPES, &c, *Mx»s. a a Opposite the DEMOCRAT Office, Lower town. Hours between 9 A.M. and 4 p. M. Every variety of Albums, Frames and Oases kept on hand. v5n52-tf F. C. E E [FROM LIVERPOOL.] WATCHMAKER AND JEWELER, SAINT CLOUD, MINN. N. B.—Watches, Clocks, Time-pieces, Mu sic Boxes, Jewelry, &c, Neatly Fixed and Warranted. Old Verge and Lupine Watches made in to New English Patent Levers at a small cost. Engraving done to order. v5n5l-ly ANTON SMITH, BOOT AND SHOE S O E A full supply of a S BUFFALO OVERSHOES & MOCCASINS, Kept always on hand, and for sale at fa Toi^ole prices. (jt'^d stock of Leather and Shoemaker's Findin '8. ParticuMi attention paid to Custom Work. The highest market price in Cash paid for Hides. ANTON SMITH. Washington a*., St. Cloud. v6nl9-ly N I O A S AI A E JtiMufiielurtr and Dealer in Boots, Shoes, Leather and Findings', (Between Tobey's and Book Store) ST. CLOUD. v7n24-ly MINN. JOHN SCHWARTZ, Keeps constantly on hand Satldlu, Harness, Carriage Trimmings, $e. St. Germaine street, near Washington ave nue. Saint Cloud, Minn. W. T. TUTTI.E, MANUFACTURER OF CABINET WARE. Building aij«f Carpentering attended to. Near the Stearns House, Lower Town, ST. CLOUD, MINX ST. PAUL HAT STORE. W IT. A S O N WHOLESALE DEALER BY TUB Case or Package, Cornerof 3d and Wabasha* sts., opposite the Bridge WATSON, DENSMORE & CO., Mannlacturera and Dealers In BREAD, CAKES, CRACKERS, CONFECTIONERY, Also, Carbon Oil, Burning Fluid $ Benzol*, At North-Western Steam Bakery, Corner of Robert street and the Levee, 8t. Panl. E N W. W E A CARRIAGEMAKER. I A E removed to my new shop near .the Bridge, here I am prepared to do all kinds of work in the Carriagemaking line. Wagons, carriages and sleighs made in a neat and substantial manner at low rates. Particular attention paid to repair ing. V8-tf J. W. E O MERCHAN A I O WOULo snui invite his friends and the pub lie call and examine his New Stylet 13 Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods. Partic ular attention paid to custom work. Nath' Pope Causin, A I A O N E WASHINGTON, D. C. Having held a situation in the General Land Office, for upwards of twenty years, in charge of the Pre-emption Bureau, Mr. C. offers bisservices in theprosecution of claims before the Department, under the Pie-emp Laws, Town Site Act of 1844, &c. He will also attend to Mail Contractors' Claims, business before Indian Bureau, &o. tGg* Special attention given to the collection of Claims/or Indian Depredatvms—Sioux, $c\ REFERS TO Hon. A. Ruuey, u. 8. Senate, Hon. M. 8. Wilkinson, U.S. Senate. Hon. T. A. H«ndrick«, u. s. Senirto, and late Com. missioner of the Land Office. wm- Hon. Wm. Wlndom. House of Representatlros. HCTXRfcrin&S.nkeW- WMUn«ton- Hon. O. L. Becker, Hon. John Wilson, Third Auditor U. 8. Treasury Hon. Geo. C. Whiting, late Commissioner of Pen sions, and now of D4pt. Interior. A. 8. H. White, Esq., Dept. Interior. Also to the District Land Officers gener ally, and to all who have had land business at the seat of Government for years back. Charges moderate. A retaining fee expect' ed in every case. Met" Office No. 6, first floor "Intelligen cer" buildings, 7th street, Washington v7n22-6m ItfNBR SIGHT I nv l'Hicna caav. I tbtuk true lwe bli.wj, But rather brings »n inner light An lun.tr vision quicktoflud The beauUea hid from common tight• Ifo sout can over clearly tee Another's highest, noblest part Save through the sweet philosophy And loving Wisdom of the heart. totir ttnannointed,ejr«s than fait .On him who fills my world with light 1f^doiiotaeVmy'Jri«d|at«|l Ton see what hides hhii from, our il^St. I I see the feet that fain would climb, You but the stops that turn astray I see the tout unharmed, sublime Tou but the garment, and the clay. You see a mortal, weak, misled, Dwarfed ever by the earthly clod I seehow manhood, perfected. May reach the stature of a God. Blinded I stood, as now you stand, Till *u mine eyo*. with, touches sweet, Love, the deliverer, laid Ms-hand,' And lol I worship at his feet I KILLING BOOTH. THRILLING ACCOUNT OF HIS DEATH. His Last Words, "1 DI E FOR MY O I Booth—"Who are you, and what do you want Instructions had beeu given to Lieut. Baker not to disclose the character of those "whJ were in pursuit. Lteut. Baker—"We want you. We intendtotake you prisoner/' Booth—"This is a hard case. It may be that I am taken by my friends." After some further colloquy of this sort, Booth, seeming convinced that he was in the power of the Federal troop ers, said: "Give me a chance for my life. I am a cripple with one leg. Withdraw your men 100 yards trom the barn, and I will come out and fight." Lieut. Baker—"We did not come here to fight, bnttotake you prisoner. You must give up your arms and sur render." "Booth—"Let me have timetocon sider." you two or three times, but I want to kill anybody." here to take you/' Booth—"I will never surrender, will never be taken alive." here to take vou After this conversation took place tlXr come out.'' O Another talk.occurred between Booth and Harold, in which it appeared that the latter was begging to be allowed to take out some arms With him, and Booth was heard to say: "Go away from me, I don't want anything more to do with you." a W i" *_ 'it•? it* I ,\t Hi^" NaVviaS^VrflW It appears by the Herald's account that Col. Baker sent Lieut. Col. Con ger and Lient. Baker, of his detectives with Lieut. Dougherty and his cavalry. On reaching Garrett's farm,, they were toM by a son of Garrett that there were two men in the barn This was at two o'clock A. M. on Wednesday.— Proceeding Jo the barn, Lieut. Baker was sent forward and called upon Booth to come out, give up his arms and sur render, and that young Garrett would go into the barn to receive the arms. Upon his entering the barn, Booth exclaimed "Get out of here! Jgou have betray ed me!" A colloquy then ensued of which the following is the substance: Lieut. Baker—"You must give up your arms and surrender. We have come to take you a prisoner, and will treat you as a prisoner. We wi'l give you five minutes to surrender. If you refuse We'll burn the barn." ST: CLOUD. M^NESOTA,^ THURSDAY, MAY 4. 1865 S S I S barn he was shot. a 0 3 £& at sL 1_ to The World's.correspondent isays it is 'earned that Harold joined Booth just after the assassination, and it is believ ed he brought the horse into the alley. Sergeant Bout on Corbett, who fired the shot that killed Booth, says in his statement: At 3 o'clock,'or a little after the barn waft fired, and before the* flames were kindled,' Booth had the advantage of us in respect to light.. He could see us but we could not see him, but after that the tables were turned against him. We could see him plainly but we could not be seen, by him, and he made a spring towards the door as if to attempt to force his way out. A conversation in the barn between Booth and Harold then took'place, which was inaudible to those outside, when Booth again called out: i'Whoareyou? I could have pick ed off half a dozen of your men while something just as I fired, that may we were talking. I could have shot probably account for his receiving the Lieut. Baker—"Then give up your ^re^ As he passed by one of the beams in the barn 1 fired at him. I aimed at his body. I did not wish to kill him. I took deliberate aim at his shoulder, but my aim was too highr Che ball struck him in the head just be low the right ear and passing through came out about an inch above the left I think he stooped to pick ap ear. 1 A. rin 11 sVKeA 1 don't a ia«« bead I was no_ta over eigh.t» or ten yards distant from him when I a arms and surrender. We have come wound him he would kill some of our afraid that if I did uot the barn. Booth was lying in a reclin- Lieut, Baker-"If*yJu don't do so ^K position on the floor. I asked him, P,WC8 Booth-"Well, my brave boys, you Peculia brilliancy «Jn "the! may prepare a stretcher for me.'' feead^Yeti havotfidished jmel S between Booth and Harold, during iug bunding into the opeu air, where g» am 0 A pi. ed cWrg. goerd. deo, hU erimo. momentt, antd thenh started towards the they- wor•e the rebel uniforms, door. When about. th, middleior Col. Conger and Lieut Baker at once entered the barn and biought Booth out. After identification, by order of the War Department, the body was pri vately interred in the clothing which was before upon it The Herald's correspondent says that the parley with Booth lasted a long while that Booth told Lieut. Dough erty he had a bead drawn on him and could shoot him if he chose that Booth could fee those outside plainly while they could not see him inside that while the fire was lighted Booth could be seen, and then Lieutenant Dougherty ordered Sergeant Corbett to fire, which he did through one ot the crevices. Booth was armed with two six bar relled and one Seven barrelled revolver. When the party started to return with the body, Harold refused to walk, when a rope was fastened to his neck and the other end of it to the saddle of cue of the cavalrymen. As soon as a horse could be procured, he was mount ed. itiifl »ai W found near him. Southern Termont, New Hampshire 3 S S S He declared that the armsbelonged and Maine, and has a rang/from ^S^rM^^ni^^ tohinvandlnat Harold had nothing the summer heat of Southern S Lieut. Baker~«Yes, you have. You brandy, and tour men went in Search Thhs, in the breach of four 0 W 0 W 0 0 a 0 S 8 I S "V A in it, ..rf.ee, 1^. he p.«ed m.. wi.p of m, ligh,- of pein,, a S I WsAhgta Star W toree-ioarefce, W eoothero farther p.rl.,wth Booth bullet which termi..ted hi. .eoureed mwmed bv .«th.rl. I it W iew .otfordi.ta.t frbto .hieh hi. .umm^he.1, o, the of & if .wo°°diconfed- the S 2 5 5 S From "Minnesota, as a Home for Emigrants." CLIMATE Prominent among the questions pro posed by the emigrant seeking a new home in a new country, are those con cerning the climate, its temperature, adaptation to the culture of the grand staples of food, and its hcalthfnlness. The climate of Minnesota has often been the subject of unjust disparage ment. 'I is too far north "the winters are intolerable "corn will not ripen "fruit will not grow." These and other Similar remarks have found expression by those who should have known better. To the old settler of Minnesota, the seasons follow each oth er in pleasing succession. As the sun approaches his northern altitude, win ter relaxes his grasp, streams and lakes ar« unbound, flowers spring up as if by the touch of some magic wand, and gradually Spring is merged into the bright, beautiful June, with its long, warm days, and short but cool aud re freshing niehts. The harvest months follow in rapid succession, till the gold en Indian summer of early November foretells the approach of cold and snow and again winter with its short days of clear, bright sky, and bracing air, and its long nights of cloudless beauty com pletes the circle. It will be remembered, that though Minnesota has no mountain peaks, its general elevation gives it the character istics of a mountainous district that, while it is equidistant from the oceans that wash the eastern and western shores of the continent, and is therefore comparatively uuafTected by oceanic in fluences, it has a great water system of lakes and rivers within its own borders. These, combining with other influences, give the State a climate in many re spects dissimilar to the other northern States. One of the most striking of the pe culiarities of this climate, is the great a After he was wounded I went into re 0 a W immediately we will set fire to the "Where are you wounded Hereplied %£££& & *r less grandeur I,*,* in a feeble voice bin «v«b«ll *lnrin in a feeble voice, his eyeballs glaring with a peculiar brilliancy, jjead^ Yeu have ^finishe jmei" W 0 W a it 3 From 8 which Booth was heard to say: he,diedab,o«t two, hoursIand half af- S S S 1 1 7 7 I »^L.J.AI 1 S P* 8 6 0 W 8 a I a H« w»« ihan «««.:«j r.t. v. (45 6°) equal to Northern Illinois, last year's toil. Lumbermen are He was tbeu carried out of the burn- .:. uU \*. southern Michigan, Massachusetts and a «Ypudauined coward, wil.you leave terwards. toiuJhn £r\J. Wint*M in in New York, New Hampshire and Boothj^althoughijhe could, have kill- temperature (16.1) equals that of ble to the winters in any section of the ed several of our party, seemed to be Northern Wisconsin, the southern lim- Northern States, afraid to fire. Mine was the only shot 0 Tt-!?£P?- Whenh fellhe Now Hampshire, and Northeastern of 81* and a small increase of rain. had bis hand a s.x-Wrclled revol- Maine. Snow and ice disappear, and the ground ver.andatbisleetwas lying a seven- Its yearly mean temperature (44.6) gradually prepared for the plow, adopter, whioh he dropped after he was coincides with that of Central Wis- April with a rise of temperature to*46° 9 twmni "folvers were consin,'Miciugan Central New YorkT We gave him Ohio aWd Southern fenusylvania N E ".eho^etbey differoot *L* i„ ,35d "fltinchesSnelhng a ABOVT MIIVNESOTA. Lh: I a a dinia (in Italy,) are followed by the Slfla ,„,„, fifa th. left .Id. the b.ek S S S S of h* 8 & *-*-*fc«pr«.ttaa.«- whilst the mean yearly fall a Fort is 25 4 inches, and th-el meaU summer fall. fot all the places is 11.2 inches, whilst the mean summer fall at Fort Snelling is 10 9 inches. pWee. I Thus it will be seen, that while Min nesota had a yearly fall of rain ten inches less than the mean of all the places, its summer rain is but a frac tion of an inch less than the mean sum mer rain of all the places. It may be added, that one-half of the spring rain falls in the month of May, and a frac tion more than one-half ot the rains of autumn falls in September, giving more than two-thirds of the whole yearly amount of rain to the season of vegeta ble growth, and leaving but the small fraction to the remaining seven months of the year. Judging from the climate of New England, where the air is loaded with vapor from the ocean, and the ground is for months covered with deep snows or judging from the moie southern of the Western States, where rain and sleet are followed by severe cold, it has been concluded that winter in Minne sota is a season of terrible storm, deep snow, and severe cold. The average fall of snow is about six inches per month. This snow falls in small quan tities, at different' times, and is rarely blown into drifts so as to impede trav eling. The first snowfall of November usually lays on the ground till March, affording protection to the winter grain. Occasionally at midday a slight thaw occurs in places with a southern de clivity. Two or three times in the course of eight ortenwinters, the ground has been uncovered for a few days Long driving snow storms are unknown, and rain seldom falls during the winter months. With an average temperature of 16° the dry atmosphere of winter in Minne sota is less cold to the sense than the warmer, yet damp climates of States several degrees further south: With the new-year commences the extreme cold of our Minnesota winter, when, variation between the extreme cold of &r a few days, the mercury ranges from winter, when mercury congeals, and ten to thirty degrees below zero, falling the intense heat of midsummer, when sometimes even below that. Yet the it stands for many consecutive days at severity of these days is much softened 95° above zero, in the shade. by the brilliancy of the sun and the But these extremes afford no index stillness of the air. Thus, while other to the real character of the climate of States, in lower latitudes, are being Minnesota. Fortunately we have am- drenched by the cold rain storm, or pie means by which to determine its buried beneath huge drifts of wintry actuall temperature,, and also its temper- snow, Minnesota enjoys a dry atmoh- and also its temper snow Minnesot a enjoys a dry atinob more phere,- and an almost unbroken success 8 «on of bright, cloudless days and se- or 8 8 a "oon scene of MinnesoU is one of peer- the dates for the fbl- The farmer improves the winter sea Antral Minnesota son by preparing fencing and fuel, and S a «P«ng «««n«ket the surplus products 8 1•Q an -Southern Maine. Its winter mean cold and snow, pronounced far prefera- the forests getting ready logs to be borne on the swollen streams of (70.6) coincides with that of spring to the various lumber manufac continued alternations of mud and Canada East, Central Vermont and March brings an average temperature :-.-€ NO. 41. and a rain fall of two Inches, commen ces the -season of vegetable growth. As the season advances, the warm south winds, freighted with the vapor of southern^teas, prevail} lake and" stream send forth their exhalations gentle and frequent showers descend and Minnesota—with the summer* warmth of Southern Pennsylvania, Long Island, aw* New Jersey—with .the long days that, at the sofetiee, searee admit of darkness between the evening and morning twilight—pre sents a scene of rapid vegetable growth and maturity scarcely paralleled in any country. S A S E W S —Tfie Henderson Monitor says that Swan Johnson, now in Ramsey county jailforchopping off the bead of his BOB, is not insane, hot is- one of the most shrewd and cunning men in his town^ ship. He is al-o said to be a man of vi* olent temper, and a tenor to the neigh* bor*ood in which he lived. —The LeSueur Statesman learns that all the available boats and barges' on the Upper Mississippi River are to' be put in the Minnesota River this week, in order to get out as much wheat as possible «bile the river a navigable. —A daughter of J. R. Keyser, of Warsaw, about thirteen years of age, was so badly burned by her clothes ta king fire, while lighting a fire in the stove on Sunday last,, that she died in great agony on Monday. She Was lit' erally roasted —Faribault Republican. —Two Norwegians a few days since while under the influence of liquor got into a difficulty at Northfield, when one ot them stabbed the other with a jack knife in the region ot the heart. was arrested tor assault aod battery with intention to do injury, and held for trial. The wounded man dying a day or two after, he waff arrested and committed for the homicide.—Ibid. A letter received to-day (April 24th,) written by the wife of the Bish op of Jerusalem, states that Bishop Whipple had the fever of the country and had already been ill with it thir teen days when she wrote. The Bishop was cared for by Bishop Gobat and his family in Jerusalem, where every kind attention was given him. We hope the next steamer will inform us that he is out of danger.—Ibid. —The Red Wing Argus says that during the march of the procession on Thursday last, a premature discharge of the cannon took place, by which, a young man named Peter Moser, who was loading the gun, was teiribly man gled* and burned. A large number of rafts—12 to 15 —on the opposite shore of the lake are being fitted up preparatory to a trip to the southern markets. It is expected they will leave during the present week.—Stillwater Metseuger. REBEL KINDNESS TO FEDERAL PRISONERS.—There is a cell in Rich mond (Castle Thunder) known as cell No. 3. This cell is four feet eight inch es high. Mr. McCool, private in Har ris* light dragoons, a man measuring six feet and half an inch, was kept in that cell eleven months and a half.— Cardinal Balue's oubliette may be read ax obselete elsewhere, but in Richmond it is obsolescent. McCool had a ball and chain on his leg all the time, the ball weighing thirty-two pounds, the chain ten pounds. The rain penetrates that cell, and on wet days McCool lay in the wet. Eleven months and a half passed, and he never once stood upright. He escaped five weeks since through a hospital window. He had been trans ferred, sick. FELIER TRABLERS —If I had bin a eitin dried apples for a week, an den took to drinkin for a monf, I coodn't feel more swell'd up dan I am dis min nit wid pride and wanity at seeing sich full tendence hardis evenin' an' when I reflect dat it am rite in de wite wasin' season, when de breddrn am seen agoin round de streets a Ibokin' like ole Gypshiin mummies pieserved in lime, an' de sisters are up to dar ancles in de scrubbin' time, my heart yearns towards you, like a piece of Ingin rubber hie a hot stobe, an' I feel dat I hab an af flickshun for you that nothing can es trange, or syringe, I forgot now which but one am jist de same as tedder. How to catch fleas—go whera they are.