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The Progress. [volume] (White Earth, Minn.) 1886-1889, October 08, 1887, Image 1

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^5 ^Was'
VOL. 1.
The Progress.
Gu8. H. Beau lieu,
Theo. H. Beau lieu,
Whi te Earth Agency, Minn.
voted to the interest of tlie White
Earth Reservation and general Xoith
westein Xews. Published and man
aged by membeis of the Reserva
Correspondence bearing on the In
dian questionpiohlem, or on general
interest, is solicited.-
Snbsciiption rates: $2.00 per an
ntim. For thfe ctmremenee of those
who may feel unable to pay for the
paper yearly or who may ish to take
it on trial, subscnptions may be sent
us tor six and thiee months at the
early rates. All subscriptions or
sums sent to us should be forwarded
by Registered letter to insure safety..
Adderess all communications to
White Eaith, Minn.
WM. W. MCARTHUR, Manager,
First-class in every respect the best
of accommodation tor transient
tra el.
Competent Guides
Piovided for tourists wishing to visit
the Soiuces of the Father of Wa
teis.the Mississippi, Red river
and the numeious Fishing
and Hunting grounds.
Ed. Oliver, Proprietor,
Everything in first-class keeping with
the times.
The tables are always provided with
Fish, (lame and Vegetables in
their season. Good stabling,
fc- ample accommodation tor
both, man and beast.
Dealer in
Lumbermen's Supplies.
FLOUR and FEED kept on hand.
Ginseng* Snake Hoot and Furs
Bought* Sold and Exchanged.
All kinds of Job Printing, such as
Bill Heads/Letter Heads,
Blanks, Cards, Tags etc., solicited.
Work Warranted and Satisfaction
tr^ By referring to the date on
the first page of this issue,
readers will observe that we
been able to resume the perpendi-^
cular untjj now. In another coj-
work, togethe with the subse
quenjt events which issued in our
imttg able to finish the bow began
Prom The Council Fire.
In 1883 a clerk in the Indian
Office at Washington .formulated
a code of laws for the government
of reservation Indians. Commiss
ioner Price gave this code of laws
his official sanction, and Secretary
Teller ordered its adoption and en
forcement by agents. This code
of laws is without authority in the
Constitution or status of the Uni
ted States,* and is in direct viola
tion of the treaty rights of the In
dians, who, in most cases, are by
treaty guaranteed the right of lo
cal self-government. Commission
er Atkins admits the illegality of
the code, yet, by implication, he
indorses it. He quotes fon$,I^di-
an agents at various agencies ill
approval of it, &c.
Readeis of the Council Fire will
remember that we published an
interview with General Millroy in
the number for October, 1884, in
which the General gives a full his
tory of how the Indians on the
Yakama Reservation govern them
selves and punish Indians for do
ing wrong by a code of laws form
ulated by the Indian council under
his advice. He says that this In
dian code was in full operation
before the Dep't code reached him,
and he allowed it to stand, and
the Department code was not put
in force on the Yakama Reserva
tion. The Indians on this reser
vation are loyal to their own laws
and enforce them without difficul
ty, while the Indians (everywhere
that the Department code is forced
upon them) complain that it is a
violation pf their rights and if
they obey it they do so under pro
test. We regret that our new
Commissioner has been misled in
to the practical indorsement of
this, one ef the most NOTORIOUSLY
ILLEGAL and vicious of the acts of
the former administration. We
sincerely hope that when he shall
have studied this matter more
carefully he will change his policy
in this respect.
ABTKT.K. IH. Sec. 1. The judicial Pow
er of the United States, shall IMJ vented in one
supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts a
the Congress may from time to time ordain
and eNtabltah. The Judges, both of the Su
preme and inferior Courte shall hold their
Offices during good Behavior, and shall, at
stated Times, receive for their Services,, a
and maritime Jurisdiction,,
to which the Unite-dt state* ters and Consul jo all which the united
/r/grter Civilization The Maintenance of Law and Order.
we began to bow.bnt a heavy hand, admit that orders of
was laid upon us, and we have not against many of the intelligent
umn, we give a detaUed account of ^\Xl1J
Compensation, which shall not be diminished
during their Continuance in Office. tions as they might deem fit
tS^^SJ^*^^^^^^ ^ablish. Setting aside the per-
Sft^ffltfS^i^^wl^Sffi sonalfeeUng entertained towards
be made, under their Authority -tall Cases US by the
affecting Ambassadors othe-toControversie public Minis-
to ControversieJurisdiction.torsmore two Statesr
Sta:.. .i
to Controversiess between two more States
between A and of anothe that the rules and regulations
State between Citizens of different States,
lietween Citizens of the same State claiming
Lands under Grants of different States, and
iritimeStatbetweenCitizen Coiitm AI-MIO
sha State, the Tria
have been committed but when
mmitte ^ve "wcted.-Uj.iiB
Hhall be at such Place or Places aa the Con-
and the master statesmen of the should
i .i *.*v,*. ououcwucu ui nie iiuuiu louoww Knew oi no
our bow or rather more taeife1topnbBe,mPMItliio law which could compel us to be- -u,u
been permitted issue, without giv
so long ago. Our editorial bac2|s
straight once more, and we return
to the work we laid out for our
selves so many months ago. with
vigor and courage in nowise aba- ^Higeut community of the reser
vation, also that a preliminary
ted, and with renewed determina
tion to advance the interests of the
Reservation, and the welfare of the
Indian in general.
which arrested our expulsion, much less a hearing be- mandate, at the same time reach
~-L J~ -xu vLi it.- i fore a legalized Court or jury! ing the conclusion that should we
Verily, this savors of the spirit of be restrained we should appeal
'vindicative arrogance and autoc
racy verging on frenzy, and when
voice the earnest wishes of the in
code of laws be formulated by a
council consisting of members
elected by the people of the reser
vation, legalized by judicial Power
and Congress whereby this people
may be governed and the safety
and privileges of the husbandmen,
"the freedom of speech, or of the
press or of the right of the peo
ple peaceably to assemble and to
petition the Government for a re
dress of grievances," shall be
guaranteed to them, and if this
can not be done, then let the day
hasten that will extend the right
and protection of American citi
zenship to the people of the White
Earth Reservation.
The Decision of the Judge and the
Verdict of an Intelligent Jury.
Maintains the Freedom of the Press
on the Reservation I
In the month of March last
year, we began setting the type
for the first number of THE PBO-
GRESS and were almost ready to go
to press, when our sanctum was
invaded by T. J. Sheehan, the U.
S. Indian Agent, accompanied by
a posse of the Indian Police. The
composing stick was removed
from our hands, our property
seized, and ourselves forbidden to
proceed with the publication of
the journal. We had, prior to
this time, been personally served
with a written notice from Mr.
Sheehan detailing at length, sur
mises beyond number as to the
character of THE PROGRESS, to
gether with gratuitous assump
tions as to our moral unfitness to
be upon the Reservation, charging
the publisher with the voicing oi
incendiary and revolutionary sen
timents at various times. We
made explicit denial of the various
surmises and assumptions relative
to the character of our principal,
and concluded by assertiug our
determination to disregard the or
der forbidding us to proceed with
the publication of our paper, until
authorized by the Secretary
the Interior, the Indian Commiss
ioner and the Indian Agent, un
der such conditions and restric
We inferretd that
rght to nteree
shai terpnse
between a state, or the citizens thereof, and ana torming part or what is known taming to any matter
foreign States, Citizens or Subjects. -r _._ _.
In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other
public Ministers and Consuls, and those in
which a Mate shall be a Party, the supreme
Court shall ha original Jurisdiction. In all
the other Cases before mentioned, the su
preme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction,
both as to Law and Fatt, with such Excep
tions, and other such Regulations as the Con
gress shall make.
The Trial of all Crimes, except In Cases of
Impeachment, shall be by Jury and such
Trial shall be held in the State where the said
founders of prescribe for us the occupation we sume in these matters in connec-
YET, mutters contrariety to the there existed a law which should Mr. A, B. Upshaw seems
follow.. We
ers of this^Reservation have water," or per contrau could re-
even a knowledge of the causes of pectfully declined obeying the
we say that it were high time some set over our property. We sought
steps should be taken to check the protection of the Courts, not-
such shameful proceedings, we but withstanding the assertion of the
Agent, that there could be no ju
risdiction in the matter.
The U. S. District Court, Judge
Nelson in session decided, that we
were entitled to the Jurisdiction
we sought.
Thecas came up before him,
on jury trial. The Court asserted
and defended the right of any
member of a tribe to print and
publish a newspaper upon his
reservation just as he might en
gage in any other lawful occupa
tion, and without survellance and
restrictions. The jury before
whom the amount of damage came,
while not adjudging the amount
asked for, did assess and decree a
damage with a verdict restoring to
us our plant.
The decision of the Judge, the
verdict awarding us damages and
the restoration of our property
establishes a principle, for which
we have long contended, and the
ennunciation of which orally on
our part, has been characterized
as "incendiary and revolutiona
We repeat the assertion of the
silver tongued orator and early
patriot Patrick Henry, "IF THIS
St. Paul Globe.Jan. 8th, '87.
Gus. Beaulieu's Case.
arosie frofmrthe
A Washingt on Man wko has Evi
dently Nv*er Seen the Deputy
WASHINGTON, Jan. 8.Gen. Up
bhaw, assistant Indian Commiss
ioner was seen to-night by the
Globe correspondent in regard to
case of Beaulieu against Capt. T.
J. Sheehan, Indian agefkt at White
"We have no doubt said he as to
the outcome of this case. Statu
tory authority for Beaulieu's re
moval from the reservation is am
ple. I issued that order to Sheehan
and before doing so I had the le
gal phase of the matter fully ex
amined. Beaulieu has been an
anoyance to the Department for
years, and it is time he was dealt
with in a way to teach him a less
on. He has been in the habit of
starting all sorts of alarming ru
mors in St. Paul papers, and in
this way alone has put the Indian
bureau to almost endless trouble.
He undertook to publish a paper
at White Earth and filled it with
'incendiary rot' which I suppose
could not have done much harm
if we had let it go on. We shut
down on it for dcency's sake. He
of defended himself by maintaining
that we were persecuting him.
I have published newspapers my
self, and I took chances on de
priving White Earth of
Beaulieu's paper. I hIndians had ten
bona fide subscribers, he was do-
"Convict a man, then hear him
afterward,'" seems to be the gener
assumption al rule or more
knpw nf rn tinn with th* Tr,i
tio with the
would be led
come agriculturists, professionals, himself was the bereaue ilna
"hewers of wood drawers
strain us from engaging inH these
1 ^ff^A ^^refore we res
the"Courts for protection.
We were restrained and a guard
the chron
ic disposition manifested by agents'
and the Indian Department per
the shade of 'Beaulieu'.4
cover this case. We did not deem was thought to exist- The above
the case analogous, and further is a deplorable exhibition of self
we did not believe that any earth- evident truth of the manner with
ly power had the right to interfere which THE PROGRESS was treated
with us as members of the Chip
pewa tribe, and at the White
a glance over the first
suffice the intelligent
page will
reader of
case, the sarcastic rebuke of Citi
zen Train to a certain charlatan,
in a case of a like nature, some
years ago, would not come amiss:
the old story, of the "tail try
ing to wag the dog."
Local and Otherwise.
Kind readers, many of you have
looked for our coming long and pa
tiently, and now that ve are with you
and have looked ws over, }ou may feel
that your yearning was unfitting the
occasion to such we would su that
the long time which has elapsed since
we first -attempted to launch our Lttle
craft which was attended with diffi
culties, the rough blusteiing bree'/es,
the general unfavor of the weather,
the unnecessary quarantine we were
subject to, and the time employed
dry dock, etc., somewhat disorganized
our material and we have had to alter
our once set couwe to suit ciieuin
Xow that we are once more at sea,
fumigated and out of quarantine, and
we issue from dry dock with prow
and hull steel-clad tempered with
truth and justice, and with our clear
ance registeied, we once more box our
compass, invite you all aboard, and
we will clear port, set sails to fa\lia
ble breezes, with the assurance that
we will spare no pains in guiding
to a 'higher civilization.'
Wedding Bells,
Again the sweet chimes of wedding
bells are softly heard midst the zeph
yrs autumnal whispers, this time on
dit, it is to be a fair sonlineal des
cendandof Henry Hudson and the
Knickerlwckers^to one of White
Earth** svreH and-winsome brunette,
some of whose ancestors we are proud
to state are linked with the nolde he-
IOS whose blood baptized and re
deemed to Liberty and the Ameican
nation historic Bunker Hill.
A TIKED, hungry and foilorn look
ing ciowd, was the train of twenty
seven teams and teamsters from Bed
Lake, who arrived here on Satuiday,
thence proceeded to Detroit on Mon
day after their annual supplier etc.
They returned to Red Lake on Thurs
day and Friday.
THE numeious friends (and they aie
man of Dr. James S. Woodward, ex
agency physician, and by the wa the
ablest White Earth ever had, will be
pleased to learn that the Dr. is attain
ing a large and increasing piattice at
Washington, D. C., where he and his
ebtimable family reside.
Personal Memoranda.
Miss Crowe, of Bosneath, Ontario,
Canada, has been tendered the IOM
tion of teacher at the liice liher
W. T. nollan and Miss Libbie Hoi
Ian were enjoying the sweets oi md
breathing the air of civilisation about
Detioit City, the past week.
Morris A. Thomas, U. S. Indian In
spector, arrived here on Tuesd. he
is the guest of the Agent Jiilht here.
The Rev. J. Johnson, iUums our
sanctum and cheeiedthe lonely soli
tude of ye editor, in the ab.swu-e of
the.'devil,' (we mean the pi inter's
devil) one day this week.
Prof. S. H. Hume, was taken .sud
denly ill Sunday morning, and for a
time it was feared senous lesults
would ensue, Dr. Rea was immediate
ly summoned and tendered the projier
remedies, and we aie pleased to note
at this tune the patient is com ales
Rev. Father Aloysus, 0. & B., left
somewhat impromptu for St. Cloud oh
Monday, the occasion being fwe leain)
to take part in meeting and fendfiing
a fitting welcome to the honeied dig
nity of Cardinal Gihlions, who is ex
pected to make a buef visit theie
whilst on his westein tour.
Allan Jourdan, trader at Leech
Lake, paid White Earth a \wt on
Tuesday he was en loute to Miime
appohs, where he goes to puichase his Ibr
fall and winter stock of dry goods and |Ps\
groceiies. v*E$i

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