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(fit ins- I 3 VOL. 1. The Progress. Gus. H. Beau lieu, Theo. H. Beau lieu, Publisher. Editor. White Earth Agency, Minn. i 86L. A WI:KKI.Y XKWSPAPKU de voted to the interest of the AVhite Earth Reservation and general North western News. Published and man aged by members of the lleserva* tion. Correspondence bearing on the In dian questionpiohlem, or on general interest, is solicited. Subscription rates: S2.00 per an num. For the convenience of those who may feel unable to pay for the paper yearly or who may wish to take it on trial, subscriptions may be sent us for six and three months at the yearly rates. All subscriptions or sums sent to us should be forwarded by Registered letter to insure safety. Adderess all communications to Tin-: PHOOKKSS, White Earth, Minn.. HEAD'QRS HOTEL. WM. W. MCARTHUR, Manager, First-class in every respect the best of accommodation for transient travel. Competent Guides Provided for tourists wishing to visit the Sources of the Father of Wa tera.the Mississippi. Wed river and the numerous Fishing and Hunting grounds. HEADQUARTERS for the DETROII and RED LAKE STAGES. HOTEL HINDQUARTERS. Ed. Oliver, Proprietor, Everything in first-class keeping with the times. The tables are always provided with Fish, Game and Vegetables in their season. Good stabling, anrplft accommodation for both, man and beast. BOARD BY THE DAY OR WEEK. R. FAIRBANKS. Dealer in QROCER1ES PROVISION. and Lumbermen's Supplies. FLOUR and FEED kept on hand. tiinNengr, Snake Moot and Fr* Bought, Mold and Exchanged. THE PROGRESS JOB WORK AND- Priuhug Establishment. All kinds of Job Printing, such as Bill Heads, Letter Heads, Blanks, Cards, Tags etc., solicited. Work Warranted and Satisfaction Guaranteed, THEv 00.5 *o O MM aw. ij- vvaxii.jv rt S-rN'S v^#^.j|-*^^t For Home and Fireside. THERMOPYLAE. *T\vns an hour of fearful issues, AVhen the bold three hundred stood, For their love of holy freedom. IJy that old Thessalian flood When, lifting high each sword of flame, Ihey call'd on ev'ry Micred name, And swore, beside those dashing waves, 1 hey never, never would be slaves! And oh! that oath was nobly kept, Prom morn to setting sun, Did desperation urge the fight Which valour had begun Till, torrent-like, thesstream 0h he "4 /Hp/rer Civilization The Maintenance of Law and Order." WHITE EARTH AGENCY, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1887. of blood Ran down and mingled with the flood, And all, fromo mountain cliff to wave, W as Freedom'st, Valour's, Glory's grave. nobly kept Wfl a tha Which nobly had been sworn, And proudly did each gallant heart The foeman's spurn And firmly was the fight malntnln'd, Andyamply was the triumph gain'd ,l}8ht fHlfetters Liberty, for thee They fellTO DIE IS TO BE FREE. How Kindness Will Pay. "An effort made for ness of others lifts us selves." Therefore the young should cultivate the art of kindness for the truly great men are the really kind men. While Gen. Grant was president, he was at one time the guest of Martin Jewell, at Harford, Conn. At a reception tendered him by the Governor, where all Hie prominent men of the state were gathered, a roughly penciled note in a common envelope, signed by a woman, was handed him. It was put into his hands by a young politician, who' thought it a joke that "an old wo man in tatters'' should presume to intrude upon the President at such a time. "You need not bother about her: I sent her awaytold her you were not here to be bored,' the young man said to Grant. The President's answer much surprised the politician. "Where is this woman where can I find her he inquired hurrying from the room. The letter he held in his hand, writteu poorly in pencil, told a sorrowful story. It said in substance: SXS-J-. "My son fought in your army, and he was killed by rebel bullets while fighting for you. Before he died he wrote me a letter which told how noble a man you were, and said you would look out for his mother. I am poor, and I haven't had money or influence to get anybody interested in me to get a pension. Dear General, will you please help me for my dead boy's sake?" Sadly the woman had turned away from the mansion, her last hope dead. A servant pointed her out to President Grant, walking slowly up the street. The old sol dier overtook her quickly. She was weeping, and turned towards him a puzzled face as he stopped her and stood bareheaded in the moon light beside her. The few words the great kind man spoke turned her tears inter laughter, her sorrow into joy. The pension before re fused her came to her speedily, and her last days were: the happi. above our- spent in comfort. Here was a true man whom the honor of the world could not spoil! What wonder the world mourned when he was taken away before his time. True kindness is never without its reward. Years ago a lady in a stage noticed a barefooted boy walking. She ordered the driver to stop and take him in, and paid his fare. She questioned the boy concerning his future, and learned that he longed to be a sailor. She gave him several dollars, wished him success, and urged him to beice. good and true. Twenty years af terwards a wealthy sea-captain, riding along the same road, ob served an old lady wearily walk ing. He requested the driver to stop and give her a seat. The lady thanked him, telling him she was me, dot vos der finest biece goots on der market." DeJones"Do you warrant it?' Isacs"Varrant it! Veil no but mine frent, if dot goots ain' not able to pay for a seat. Said the Captain: "I have great sympathy for wea ry pedestrians, for one time when I was a boy I was walking along this very road, so tired, when a lady bade the coachman take me ==jin, and paid for my seat." Well," answered the woman, app three sizes larger than ourselves, kguS^* 8 a TRULY BRAVE.True bravery is sedate and inoffensive. If it refu ses to submit to insult, it offers none it begins no disputes, en ters into no needless quarrels, is above the little troublesome ambi tion to be distinguished every mo ment, bears in silence, and replies with modesty, fearing no enemy, and making none, and is as much ashamed of insolence as coward- Isacs shust like der skin sage. DeJones"Yes, it fits fairly well but is it good goods Isacs"Good goots! So hellup :*T ii i i tbat AT.I. MEN createCreatore equal thatcertaiy, the a"changed.," that lady, but mv lot in life "How gladI I am,.. returned the sea-captain, "that I have been successful and am living on my fortune." And he proved it by settling up- The more we study she the more dian outbreaks is manufactured we don't understand how it is that a W fi goot, shust you pring it back und i ve'll make it goot for The Indian Right and Wrong. W E hol truths to endowed*dare ar ilmuch ^^SStnTSin^ tSE^A& trr.^ i iTNESti."Declaration of Indepent 4th, 1776. nu. ii ippy days we fight with a boy pointmont for her as a teacher .7 and get so severely punished that ingly, he sent her East to be pol- we can't sit up for a week Why, for Sheand She only laughs at us for our pains. Who is it that devours all our spare change in the shape of cara mels, and calls for more and gets them, too She. For whom do we linger at stage doors with ten dollar boquets, to purchase which we have to endure a fortnight's martyrdom at free luifitch counters She. Who is it that at the railroad restaurant deals out the soul de stroying sandwich and the death dealing doughnut 'Tis She every time. If it were He we would slay him on the spot and glory in the deed. Who accepts our hard earned gold on the pretense of being a first class cook, and then broils our steak in a frying pan and boils our coffee an hour She. Who is it that accepts our thea tre ^tickets, our 8 suppers,, our our devotion and ien goes on and marries "another fellow Sheand, for this we ought to forgive her a good deal.Tid Bits. Women's silence, although it is less frequent, signifies much more than a man's. The slander of some, people is as reat a recommendation as the praise of others. You have got to raise money first before you can raise sheol and, after you have raised sheol, then you've got to raise, more money.Puck. Young Wife"John, mother says she wants to be cremated." Young Husband"Tell her if she'll get on her things I'll take her down this morning." PEKSISTEKCE is as needful to the life of thought as to that of action. Though often confounded with obstinacy, it is essentially differ ent. The latter is a dogmatic and unreasoning inaction of the mind, the former is an earnest and con tinuous approach to truth. nothing.." self-evidentn bthese their with on nerasum ot money sufficient ly related by one of the pioneers the Indian burea sen to jto enable her to live comfortably, of Minnesota, before the Indian agencyUone?ou its most capable A Study of She. at. St.. Paul, illustrative. of ail She is able to twist us around her in Minnesota there was a mission- little finger whenever She feels ary who had a very bright daugh- like it. But SheSis. ter, and he conceived the idea of For whosm is that in childhood's educating her and securing an ap- ht wit itl.KT manner in which material for In "On one of the agencies located among the aboriginies. Accord ished off in all the details necessa ry, and this proposition was soon noised about among the Indians. They decided that one of their own race would be a proper one for the position, and, after consultation, half-breed maiden was chosen and sent East on the same errand as the missionary's daughter. Both young ladies finished their studies and returned to the reservation about the same time, but the prize was awarded to the white man's child. Twenty dollars a month was the amount involved, and when the white squaw, as the In dians termed her, opened school, there was but one pupil for her to teach. Her dusky sister being dis appointed in securing the place, opened a free school and all the Indians sent their pappooses to her institution. Trouble was inaug urated between the rival school marms, and the strong arm of the government' was invoked by the missionary and his supporters to eompfel the Indians tof*sen thair children to his daughter's school. But they would not be coerced, and a number of troops were sent to the scene to preserve order and compel the "little In juns" to learn their lessons under the guidance of the white squaw. The cost of transportation and maintenance of the troops for sev eral months cost the United States something like $64,000 and all for a $20 a month place. And in the end the Indians were victorious and routed the white school- marm!" [The above are facts, as vouched for by residents who are acquaint ed with the case and parties con cerned in the circumstance. And may it be stated, that the question of race-right or "preference of em ployment" has almost invariably received prestige in favor of per sons not connected with the Res ervation, notwithstanding the fact that 'statutory authority' and treaty stipulation, are ample and specific that "any Indian or mixed blood, when competent, shall be given the preference." Several such cases have come under our notice of late years in which home talent has been humbled and crowded aside, to make room for foreign favoriteism, and of which we will speak more of, at another time Ed.] Pioneer Prcaa. The Crow Agency Trouble. WASHINGTON, ou over, arrest for the same offense that is charged now have been made hitherto without difficulty, andt ther Independence, July A Question of Race-Right 1 Oct. 3.A dis patch from Acting Adjt.- Gen Yin- x. "Mine frent, dot vits you cent at St.Paul was to-day received three-cornered bag of quilted on der sau- at the war department through woolen to cover the teapotthe Gen. Terry giving an account of tea will draw just as well on the the trouble with the Crow Indians who fired into the agency build ings. Gen. Terry makes the fol of lowing endorsement! io I find it difficult to understand boiling furiously, not merely at this action of the Crows. The^ the boiling point but the tea must an instanp after have always been well disposed t,oii and well behaved, except in respect to their feuds with other tribes. P cause for no trouble has followed. I fear a J'UKSUITS O^F HAE present excitement that is not disclosed by the foregoing dispatch and think it would be the best pol icy to delay attempts to make ar restes untilLthI excitement shaltl aDate nav Inc following story was recent- it would be well if the meantime suggest also tha H Senate Investigating Committee, and Inspectors to examine t Bf hshould rtrusted ?P. thehave situationd hesitancy of action until fully in formed of the situation, and trust that his sentiments may be the herald of a new era, proclaiming the dawn of a regime whose mo tives shall be tempered with peace, justice and mercy towards all mat ters in which the Indians may be concerned, this with the allotment of land in severality scheme,touch es the key note of civilization, as also the basis of self-support and citizenship of the ward* of the Government. Our Guide Board. SNEEZING.To cure plug the nostrils with wool. on* rjr'f I instructed the commanding officer at Ft. Custer to confine the action of the troops until further orders to the protection of the agent, his employes and the agency property." otf^ Gen.iL H^scrvativoSposition E PROGRES ne is pleased note th conservative positio, of Gen. matter as a sneezing, cotton or MUCILAGE.An elastic mucilage is made as follows: To twenty parts of alcohol add one part of salicylic acid, three parts of soft soap and three parts of glycerine. Shake well, and then add a mucil age made of ninety-three parts of gum-arabic and 180 tiarfct o water. This is said to keep well, and to be thoroughly elastic^ FOR WoRMS.-One of the simplest and best remedies to be given to children troubled with worms is poplar bark. Physicians use it with marked success. It can be bought at any drug store. Take a pinch of the barkas much as you can hold on the point of a penknifeand give it (the bark, not the knife) before breakfast. It has a clean, bitter taste, and any child will take it, How To MAKE TEA.A cup of tea is generally made the wrong way. In the first place the tea is made too strong, thus losing the full tea flavor. In the second, the tea is boiled, extracting the bitter tannic acid from the leaf, while the tea aroma is lost by evapora tion. In China the tea is made weak in the cups from which it is drank, the water being poured boiling hot on the leaves, covered for a-few minutes, and then drank without milk or sugar. But that is a matter of taste. The water with which tea is made should bo fresh, not drawn from the boiler, nor taken from the kettle in which it has been kept standing on the stove, but freshly boiled for the purpose, and the kettle in which it is boiled should only be used for water. Wash and scald the tea pot, and allow an even teaspoon of tea for three cups of lea. ['our a cupful of .water on -the- leaves, cover the teapot clof Iy.-aiid' set for ten minutes on the hack of rh stove or range to draw. If you use a teapot "cosey"that, is, a table. Fill the teapot with water and send to the table. It is abso lutely necessary that the water used to draw the tea should be A lum ure troubles they ore put into faithful anudx efficient allies More- said hasten the infusion.^a i of, loaf sugariti the teapot with the te is. 1 '1?