OCR Interpretation


The Progress. (White Earth, Minn.) 1886-1889, December 24, 1887, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016853/1887-12-24/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

VJ-f-
fr*
"ij"
i
.-H-
vS^*jj
i it'.-*
&
Ok
The Progress^
Gus. H. Beau lieu,
Theo. H. Beaulieu,
IME.
TiIME.
Publisher. Editor.
White Earth Agency, Minn.
A "WEEKLY NEWSPAPER de
voted to the interest of the White
Earth Reservation and general North
western News. Published and man
aged by members of the Reserva
tion.
|t,'j A' Correspondence bearing on the Bi-
i~&? dian questionproblem, or on general
interest, is solicited. ^'^T?:
Subscription rates: $2.00 per an
num. For the convenience of those
who may feel unable to pay for the
paper yearly or who may wish to take
it on trial, subscriptions may be sent
us for six and three months at the
yearly rates. All subscriptions or
sums sent to us should be forwarded
by Registered letter to insure safety.
Adderess all communications to
THE PKOGRESS,
White Earth, Minn.
TIME. TIME.
.EMI I IME.
FRANK M. HUME,
DETROIT, MlSSESOTA.
DEALER IN
Clocks, Watches and Jewelry.
REPAIRING A SPECIALTY.
WHITE EARTH Orders, if left with
Benjamin Caswell, at Fairbanks &
Bro.' Store will receive prompt at-
tention. 4t
HOTEL
HINDQUARTERS.
Ed. Oliver, Proprietor,
Everything in first-class keeping with
the times.
The tables are always provided with
Fish, Game and Vegetables in
their season. Good stabling,
ample accommodation for
bob}), man and beast.
BOA.RD BY THE DAY OR WBEK.
R. FAIRBANKS.
Dealer in
QROCERIES
PROVISION,
and
Lumbermen's Supplies*
FLOUR and FEED kept oh hand.
Ginseng^ Sitakti Root and iFtar*
Boug&t, Sold atid Exchanged*
THE PROGRESS
WORK
Ann-
Fronting
PC
ri%v
ml
All kinds 6f JokPrmtmgrsucli &
SpL Vi'fiBill&KMb* Letter Heads,
jm Blanks, Cards, Tag** te*, solieitei.
14-
(Copyright*)
The Ojibwas:
THEIR CUSTOMS AN,P TRA-
DITIONS,.'' t'u:
As Handed Down for Centuries,
i- .v From Father to Son. /u
-.J"if
etC
etC
r'3V-#."
3&Y
jgsy&ijj^t Tike Saffei,
Also from th Grand Sacfiem and
Medicine Seer of the White Earth
Ojibwas.
PART IL
days, his father came to him and
advised him to fust as long as he
could, which he obediently con
sented to do he had fasted ten
days when his father again came
to him and a second time urged
him to prolong his fasting, not
withstanding the young man's as
sertion that he had foreseen the
whole of his future life. The boy
however continued on his fast and.
when his father again returned the
former was reclining at the foot
of the tree with his body naked
and painted red. His first words
to his father were these: "My fa
ther when you were here before
I said that I had exhausted my
fast and had seen all I could of my
future life." While the son was
speaking his father saw him grad
ually raise from the ground, and
he seemed to fly slowly upwards
until he reached some of the
branches of the tree, and behold,
he had become a robin with a red
breast and spoke thus: "My father
whenever any danger threatens
my tribe or people I shall repeat
these words in my song:
"Nin-don-wau-chee-gay, -Vi1"1********^
Nin-don-wau-chee-gay."
Signifying the near presence of
a foe or the approach of an enemy,
as "I am warning," or "I am
alarmed." This was the punish
ment the man received from the
Great Spirit for compelling his
son to fast too long.
AH IKCTDEtfT.
The Ojibwa Indians until re
cent years, looked upon the robin
in the light of a "guardian spirit,"
this was more especially the case
when they were involved in war
with other tribes as they believed
that if the robin's warning notes
was heard in close proximity to
their camps, it Was a signal that
a strong enemy was lurking near,
and for them to be on the alert or
to break Camp and hasten away to
some more favorable locality. At
other times when there were 'bad
men,*thieves-the robin was
believed to warn others of their
dangerous presence. Illustrative
of this as also of the fear and
dread which these 'bad men' had
of the 'spiritual divination* of the
robin, We will relate an incident
handed to us by an old settler Who
was well acquainted with the par
ties in question. ^-V. fl-
-^"The venerable pionVer mission
ary, Rev Father Pierce, Was once
on a Ganbe journey up the Miss
issippi, accompanied by two Indi
ans front CroW Wing} some days
after they had .proceeded on their
journey) the priest missed his pu*rse
which contained a few gold coins,
medals,crosses,and other trinkets
when he first missed the purse he
spoke not a word of nis loss to the
Indiana, after two or three days he
came to the conclusion from the
restless manner of on of his com
who had taken the gursej after
reaching tkis Sonclilsioh he deter
mined td try the efficacy of the
robin's Warning eryt the rSt
opportunity-, ere long, When they
had been striving for Soiile time in
mid stream against a strong cur-1
rentj the ftbttes of a Chie^a-bee
bird Came clear and shrill to their
tears, piping his notes the Indi*
the Roma Catholi churcL ar"t
looked upon by them. l&After as
cending the rapids they went
ashore at a convenient landing,
kindled a fire and prepared their
noon day meal, after partaking of
which they reclined to enjoy the
comforts of a smoke, and while
theyjwere engaged in this pleas
ant enjoyment a robin's nin-don
wau-chee-gay was heard in the
branches of the trees above their
heads, again the priest exclaimed,
"Nah," and pointing in the direc
tion of the robin he addressed the
Indian whom he mistrusted, "do
you hear that'do you understand
what he says?" said the latter
without once raising his gaze,
"ga-gate."- Nothing more was
said on the subject during the day.
Near sun set, they again pulled
their canoe ashore and after par
taking of their supper, retired for
the night early the next morning
the Indians were astir and had
breakfast prepared beforev&the
priest had got up from his night's
rest after the priest got up he
kneeled down in prayer and then
went down to the river to bathe,
when he had returned to the camp
he was somewhat surprised to find
the missing purse in such a posi
tion that'there" could be noTwy
for him missing-to see it, he took
it up and examined its contents,
all was there! Thus the super
stition of the guilty party had
made him fearful that the robin
having knowledge of the theft
would not rest until the 'bad man'
was made known and punished,
had taken the first opportunity to
return the stolen purse."
panions-, that he knfcw the thief objections on his folks*** part his
COTTRTSHIP AND MABEUGB^f'
My grand-son, you want' to
know now about our marriage
customs well, very many moons
ago when my people wore no. dress
but that made from the furs and
skins of animals slain in the chase,
and there were many, many very
handsome women and men among
them a young man would Say,
"I am good looking, I don't think
I Could find a woman to suit me,"
however he would goon see some
young woman who would impress
him very much, he would then go
on a hunt and Select some fine
furs and skins, which he would
carry to the young girl's wigwam,
to make her dresses to, adorn her
person, and if she accepted his at
tentions she would in return make
him something whereby to adorn
his person also, which was gener
ally a handsome pair of moccasins
they Were then betrothed to each
other, and after this if everything
Was satisfactory with the young
woman*s parents, she Would then
go in the neighborhood of her in
tended husband*s home and pro
ceed to cut What Wood fehe could
carry on her back and take it to
his parent's Wigwam, the Wood
was deposited at the entrance out
side where she Would aWait fur
ther developments, if there was no
ans interprets them: 'Chee-ge-bell Another, we must be true and live
Chee-gee-beg!near the? shori
nearer the shore!"- "Nah,'*do
hear that?" said the priest, "th
bird says go nearer the shore,':'
lm
companions answered, "ga-ga
truly," so they paddled the can
nearer shore where -.the curr
not being so swift they soon ai
cended the rapids this incide:
seemed to impress the India:
deeply, this was probably the mor|^
enhanced by the great deferericf
in,which the May-kau-day-wau^recfeiied he wouX^^'^^dW
ko-ni&ks?fcl#GJb^^ fa^ ^oxtioh
+.T,o-Rrv,Qn foj.^i,- /h of his family, and
mother Would come out and i& a
gentle manner would proceed to
pinch or 'blow* the Jyoufag girl's
nose as a token that she Was Wtel*
come- as one b? the famiLyi} *!Thteil,
after tire lapse 'of ten days Ir6m
this timts the young couple Wbuld
again-meet together-, and thie man
Would take the hand of his bride
say, "w^must live for one
A, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1887.
together until we die they were
then looked upon as man and wife.
-Very often our men would take
two" and three wives and mostly oi
the same family, that is sisters, as
there was less liability of 'family
quarrels' in this way. The best
hunters always had the most wives
when a married man woujcl see a
Woman whom he-would /fancy, l^e
would pay his respects ib her and"
jif his attentions we^-\^
aTor ^bly
.ere arose
no objections the .iew applicant
was brought home to the bosom of
his family and duly installed.*?If
there w^re objections however, the
new bridV would remain with her
parents or an additional wigwam
would be added to the *much mar
ried' man's possessions. The wife
which was first married generally
ranks first or 'queen' of the harem,
although the children of the diff
erent wives were looked upon with
equal consideration by the father.
Another custom among my peo
ple and which many of them prac
tice to this day is, when a man
falls in love and would marry some
young girl, he takes his blanket
and goes in the neighborhood of
her home, and awaits when all
have retired for the night and the
camp fires have burned low, when
he proceeds to enter the wigmam,
and having assured himself where
the young woman is^ reposing,
which is generally by her mother's
side, he quietly lies down besides
the young woman and if she ac
cepts of his courtship they pro
ceed to chat quietly and remain in
each other's company during the
night, the lover .taking his leave
always before sunrise in the morn
ing "these visits are repeated sev
eral times, when if they concluded
to get married they would allow
the lignt of the sun to shine upon
them in the same couch in jbhe
wigwam of the brides parents.
They had then sealed their vows
and become man and wife.
When there was any objections
on the part of the young woman it
was manifested by sitting up on
her couch while her mother would
kindle the smoldering embers into
a blazing fire, this was an intima
tion to the young man that he
was not welcome and his absence
desired, he would then without
further ceremony hasten away.
Sometimes when the parents of
the girl did not approve of the
young man he would resort to con
ciliatory measures by goinj* on a
prolonged hunt and securing an
amount of deer and other game
and some fine furs, etc., and taking
the same would go and deposit it
at the entrance of his affianced's
wigwam and go to his home, after
repeating this two or three times
the parental obdurady would gen
erally be overcome, if not, and as
a last resort, the young man's
mother Would go and intercede in
behalf of her son to the girl's
mother and happy results Would
almost always follow this femin
ine diplomacy* MMMiM^^S-
You ask me if there Was any
jealousy in those days? Well it
was as it is to-day, only the spite
was perhaps more bitter and the
revengeful feeling mora^severe
then than it is now, and it was no
uncommon occurre&cs among the
Women for a wife or rival crazed
with love and jealous frenzy to
seek an tearly opportunity to vi^
ciously attack the Object of her
hatered and if possible cut off her
nose or het braids of hair the
former object being to disfigure
thte face and the latter to disgrace
the vitetim* Among tne men death
was often the result of rivalry in
in love aflairsv
83g* In Part lit, which %lll
follow in our next week^s issue
Will be DEATHS* BURIALS,
A Seasonably, Sensible Sentiment.
M'
Here is what Bishop Whipple
lately said on the condition of the
Indians to a Chicag6**Tribune re
porter. As the Bishop is well
known on this reservation and
his sentiment being in accord
with ours on the subject in ques
tion we take pleasure in placing
it before our readers. .-^-Though
weJaaye seenfit at times to differ
in opinions. withi,the jBishop^upon,
Indian matters, and were not loth
in making public our objections
and criticism, we are
also ever
prepared to extend our sanction
on these matters whenever we
think him to be in the right. i
"One thing you can say, and
that is that as long as the Indian
has an almshouse to go to, just so
long will he be a pauper. If you
have almshouses among white men
you will have white paupers, or
civilized paupers, and almshouses
among Indians means savage pau
pers. They must realize that with
out labor there will be no food,
and they must learn to .appreciate
the results of labor. *-^An Indian
kills a moose and invites all the
'vagabond Indians' he knows to
partake of the feast. All sit around
and pick the bones of that animal
clean, the owner not caring wheth
er his family has a sup for the
morrow. When the same Indian
goes to work and tills the soil and
is rewarded with a crop of grain
and the vagabond Indians come
around and ask to partake of his
bounty he says "No, if you want
corn go and work for it as I have
done." The Indians should be
come citizens, but we want to be
careful of the right of franchise.
America has been too free of her
gifts of citizenship. I mean by
this that Indian citizenship should
not be controlled by politicians,
and it should not be granted as a
condition of party service or in the
interests of politicians. The In
dian^, even the -wildest, are begin
ing to understand that they are
being hemmed in by the inroads
of civilization, and that they must
prepare themselves for work or
perish..., -v,
Star-News, Minneapolis.
Leprosy In Minnesota.
Whether leprosy is a contagious
disease or not physicians will not
commit themselves by deciding.
But leprosy exists in two counties
in this state, and the authorities
need to bestir themselves lest the
people suffer from an unspeakable
affliction. The cases to which we
refer are reported from Wilkin
and Otter Tail counties.'W0f!V
The apalling feature of the situ
ation consists of the inability to
determine when the contagion
spreads, if there is contagion. The
related experience of those who
have the leprosy shows that it may
develop in a person years after as
sociation with the infected, or
years after the peculiar diet which
is supposed to produce it has
ceased to be Used. I'he earlier
symptoms are slight and painless.
Thtjir development toward the ag
gravated stages of the sickness
are slow hut can not be aa-rested.
The experience of Asiatic nations
for 2,000 years has been that lep
rosy is contagious, and with gen
eral carelessness of hygiene lepers
have always been rigidly sequest
rated by them* It is the absurd
est fylly for any community in the
United States to ignore the expe
rience of ages in this terribte mat
ter, incurring perils of awful mag
nitude. Authorities should take
charge of the leprosy cases now
etc.* etc within our borders at once*
SOCIETY.
liOOK OUT!.
-FO -rrr
IVainnanboozok
cos
NO. 12.
v-*?
yFS$!gjgt.
rttfgg
S&fl
-*l-,-'r1
"A
J. 4y$
2
-.if i
$m
W
12 JB 'Si
I
-v*# ft
W
Co
EH
,X
.-.W

xml | txt