Newspaper Page Text
JST READ THIS WEEK
Qu8. H.lBeautleu, Publisher.
Theo.[H. BeauHeu, frf/for.
White Earth Agency, Minn*
ftglu A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER
-Toted to the interest of the White
'E&rth. Reservation and general North
western News. Published and man
aged by members of the Reserva
Correspondence bearing on the JJI-
_ZP*^,?&*D questionproblem, or on general
.u ?intereat, is solicited.i :-'!$-
interest is solicited
num. For the conveniencee oVf those
who may feel unable to pay for the
paper yearly or who may wish to take
it on trial, subscriptions may be sent
its for six and three months at the
yearly rates. All subscriptions or
sums sent to us should be forwarded
by Registered letter to insure safety.
Adderess all communications to
White Earth, Minn.
IME. HH TIME.
.EMI I IME. T*
IME. -1- 1 IME.
FRANK M. HUME,
Ed. Oliver, Proprietor*
Everything in first-class keeping with
The tables are always provided with
JFish, Game and Vegetables in
their season". Good stabling,
ample accommodation for
both, man and beast.
BOARD BY THE AT OR WEEK.
FLOUR and FEED kept on hand.
Ginseng, Snake Root and Fnre
Bought, Sold and Exchanged.
All kinds of Job Printing, such as
Bill Heads, Letter Heads,
Blanks, Cards, Tags etc., solicited.
forrned of. V-"-
Work Warranted and Satisfactio* ee-sah.ke-we-nine
As Handed Down for Centuries,
From Father to Son.
Clocks, Watches and Jewelry.
REPAIRING A SPECIALTY.
WHITE EARTH Orders, if left with
Benjamin Caswell, at Fairbanks &
Bro.' Stora will receive prompt at
THEIR CUSTOMS AND TRA- singing and talking to the .in^isi-
By_ THo SaffeiV-
medicine Seer of the White Earth
QEE'-SAH-KE-WE-NIKE OR JUGGLERS.
It may not be known to many of
our readers that not many years
ago there existed a class of indi
viduals among the Indians who
were known as Gee-sah-ke-we-ni-
ne or Jugglersministers of the
''black art," whose vocations and
feats were similar to those of the
Eastern jugglers in such feats as
the rope-tieing, knife-swallowing
and fire-eating tricks, etc. These
beings were looked upon as equal
to the medicine men in many res
pects, in fact we may say that the.
representatives of the healing art
were divided into four classes, viz:
medicine-men, dreamers, blowers,
and jugglers of the latter class
we will now speak of, they were
supposed to be leagued with the
imaginary dwellers of" the 'spirit
land,' and to hold communion with
the different gods or spirits who
presided over the destiny of the
dead and living worlds, prominent
among which was the Me-che-kans
or 'king of the turtles,' who was
regarded as a very powerful spirit
for good or evil, and who could
converse with and look all over
the world of course there were
many other spirits of minor power,
but were all subject to the' turtle.
And the Me-che-kans would com
municate with the outside world
through the Gee-sah-ke-we-nine,
and when any person desired to
know something about absent
friends or relatives, or whether a
sick person would overcome sick
ness and live, or whether death
would follow and where, one
would find lost and stolen articles,
as also a medium between the
living and the dead and to bring
tidings from departed friends etc.,
they would repair to some Gee-sah
ke-we-nine and consult him about
any subject they wished
The mode of proceeding was
generally in this wise, when any
one wished.some^favor of the Me
che-kans, they woul,d gp and con
sult the Gee-sah-kee-we-nine, tak
ing some gift along, usually
tobacco^ with which to please the
spirit, and be deserving of the good
will of all the other spirits who
may ta*ke part in the ceremony
if everything was favorable ,th*e
inquiring party would be informed
and invited to come at a stated
time and place,, where th$ Gee-
sah-ke-We-ninne would have erect
ed a cabinet or jugglery, this was
built of stout tooles eight to ten
feet long driven firmly into the
ground and in such a manner as to
form a circular body, these were
attached at intervals on the inside
to strong hoops and bound with
thongs or some other stout cords,
and Over this on the outside was
fastened reed mats or a*puck-was,
(made of cat tail reeds) blankets,
were supposed to deign to hold bridge* would
eoTTrmimiriTi with th* litrJ*.* -A *+V
which he would proceed to entejl
after him, and ascend to the wpr
where he would sit for some time
ble spirits, while those on the
side would join in the song bit
ing.a drum at the same time |he ^&/>'''*
^jr.? motion and mumblings as of mjny
sounds would seem to come from
round about the outside, (all these
jugglers were masters of the art of
Ventriloquism) and at a given sig
all would join in tlje exclaimation
of "how, how, ben-di-gan, ben-di
gan Me-che-kans!" Come in
come in Turtle And suddenly a
sound as of a falling body would
be heard followed by a commotion
inside accompanied by words of
welcome and great rejoicing, this
was the signal that Me-che-kans
had arrived and was ready to listen
to and answer any inquiries they
had to make after all questions
had been answered, the party
would deposit his or her gift out
side of the cabinet and take their
departure, feeling satisfied that
they had conversed with visitors
or departed friends from the world
PAITHS AND BELIEFS.
There was still another' class
who believed that between this
life and the hereafter there coursed
a river whose rapid waters was
spanned by the bridge of Destiny,
where the spirit of the departed
had to cross over in order to reach
the 'shining shores' of the 'happy
hunting grounds,* this bridge was
become agitated to a degree equal
to the sins Said
etc., so as to obscure the .interior for instance, if a spirit was worthxy opposition,
of the cabinet from outside view, to enter the 'happy hunting '$***'*'''"
When the shades of evening were grounds, it experienced no dim-
falling, this was. the time that the culty in crossing,, on the other
the inhabitants of the spirit world hand, if it Were an 'evil spirit' the
"A higher Ciuilization TfiejMairitenanoe of Law and Order."K^w* s,Ata"
all would join in a smoke?'Jaff^)r*
the cabinet, closing the opening tSTS^^S^S^^T^^
would then decend, when imm|i- fj Transcript of Little frails,
ately the cabinet would became a 1
in its lasm lssnte contains a
very# much agitated and begin Ho
sway to and fro while a great effi-
from the Merior'/'aridnot unrtsual to visit Washington SOT the pur'
voices could be heard grjjffej||%t %ey ask that they may be allowed
Let it not be supposed that all
the Indians were formerly believ
ers in the Gee-sah-ke-we-nine, but
like all other communities or races
of men they were divided in their
faith and beliefs, religiously, so
cially, spiritually and regarding
the healing art, and skeptics were
not nucommon amongst them.
The largest denominations-h|^
ever were to be found among the
followers of the Grand Medicine
and Medicine priests, the other
denominations or followers of
the Jugglers, Dreamers, and Blow
ers were about equally divided and
in comparison to the adherents of
Spiritualism, Faith-curers, Clair
voyants, etc. however with the
exception of the Atheists all beMille
lieved in the existence and suprem
acy of a Kije-Manito or the Great
Spirit as also in the existence of
a Mutche-Manito, or Evil Spirit
in different existing states or spir
it lands after death, viz: the
'wandering ground,' and the 'hap
py hunting ground,' the former
suppose^ to be the place where
the spirit of the departed had to
abide at least one year as a restless
wanderer, doing penance for past
transgressions daring, life," and
sometimes the spirit could find no
rest until relieved by the Medicine
priests.who were kept informed
of the wanderer's condition by
the supposed visitations, of the
spirits in their dreams, the 'happy
hunting ground, of course, was
looked upon as the 'home of rest,
the* abiding place of the just and
supposed to be built of long limber tl^ose Indians to remove here be
poles and very shaky, and when followed, what now seems to be
a spirit was about to cross it would
an impossibility would be accom
plished without much trouble or
i was guity of,
v- himself with his guest or guests wo^uld continue falling indefinite." ges and take the same away.
outside, and ly^^'
_w. ,T DAVID KNICKBI^OCKER.
WHITE EARTH AGENCY, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY, JANUARY 21 1888.^:t^f^^feSf Na^
The Indian Right and Wrong,
unalienabled rights among these,.are
Creato with certain
AND THE PURSUIT OF HAP-
Remedies Will Cure the III I
to the President, in- which
pose of making such arrangements
as will give them a perfect title to
reside at Mille Lac.
They say, "I is true that we
have been invited to leave our
home at Mille Lac and go to White
Earth and live with those who we
refused to join in their intended
raid upon the white people in
1862, and they claim that on ac
count of their refusal to do this
there has since existed ^a feeling
between them, and that portion of
their tribes living here. And-they
also object to the suHden change
in the mode of living which they
would be subjected to if they were
moved here, which would necessa
rily place them in a dependent
position upon the Government.
They claim that Mille Lac is bet
ter .adapted as a home for them on
account of the abundance* of wild
rice,-maple sugar, game, and wild
berries thereabouts and "with the
lumbermen they can always get
work, and a good market for hay,
and whatever else they may have
|o^seJl^ They think White Earth
is better suited for' the home of
white men than for the Indians,
and they ask that it may be spld
and that they may be allowed to
remain where they are. They
make many reasonable and unrea
sonable demands upon the Govern
ment. And upon the whole the
Lac Indians seem to be de
termined not to leave their reser
vation to come here.
From our knowledge of those
Indians, this stern opposition is
manifested among the old chiefs
only and we venture to say that' it
could easily be overcome. Let the
Government select the proper per
sons to negotiate with them and
all their objections for refusing to
come here will vanish.
It may take several years to get
them all removed here, but this
could finally be accomplished, and
with their consent too. But to
do this such men as Hon. H.
Rice, Maj. C. A. Ruffeer Hqn. N
Richardson, and Johnny Simmons
should be selected, or any body
else in whom they have confidence.
It has been the mistake in the past
to send men to deal with these In
dians who do not understand their
character or in whom the Indians
HAVE NO CONFIDENCE Should our
suggestions as to the selection of
men who should negotiate with
would seat river, and being unable to rise please call, prove property, pay char-
Heifer about old lineld b^c0 and whitetwlegsyearOwner, wil
te- rn a-.
XIX Hi ft
JB3T m.O THEPBGGhOSSK
And keep posted on the Doings,'
and Conditions of Minnesota's
'Coming Citizen.' :i
We'would call the attention of
our readers to the announcement
of the Pioneer Press which appears
in the columns of this week's issue.
We consider the Pioneer Press the
leading paper of the Northwest
and one of the ablest and most re
liable published in the,. United
States. i h?
$4.0 0. *Y %-JM
THE GREATEST OFFER
ST. PAUL, MINN.
No cash eomnlMion allowed on this offer.
Any pereon sending ONE DOLLAB fox
year's subscription to the \U
WEEKL PIONEE PRESS
And ten cents to cover postage, will re*
3eive FBEE a copy of
HISTORY OF THE'UHITED STATES,
Handsomely and durably bound in
Leatherette Tree Call, a book of 330'
pagres, tnliy illustrated. (Tne regiUaz f^
price In any bookstorewould be $1.25).
WONDERFUL INDUCEMENTS ir3S
TO Q1TTCR8 UP OF CLUBS.
Any person sending us 10 yearly sub
scribers tO the WEEKLY PIONEJEB
PRESS and $10 in money, -with 80 cents
in stamps to cover postage on the Atlas,
will receive Free the PlONEEB PHESS
STANDARD ATLAS OP THE WORLD
tcannotbe boughtin any market Sbr less
Containing Large Scale Majw of Everr Conntrj
_jd Civil Division upon" the Face or the Globe.
BEAUTIFULLY ILLUSTOATED with Colored Mia-
grams,showingwealtb,(iebt,civiJ condition nfpceple.
chief production*, manufacture* and coinmerco.
rellgiour8ets, ete, and a superb line of i ravin^i
of much historical interest and vaUle, together with
many new and desirable features lejignxi*xpresi
for this workf, among which will be KHUMI a concls*
history of each State in the Union. This beauiifn.
tolume contains 192 pages,elegantly illustrated. II
QUk Abiding, with gold
jod bandsonMlr designed
11x14 inches opened, 'J2x.li
inches. Bsva(BBB,That ererr indiTidual sabscribet
trill also recetre ntss the History of the United
States,promised in first offer,ten eentsysxtra to corei
postage on each history being theonly requirement.
MB bound in best Bngliih
side stamp, appropriatel, and
Sire of Atlas closed, 11