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:Vv VJ 'ff\- i*:srtfv^ri?5s VA_M JST READ THIS WEEK Faith &\Beliefs iOFTHE OJIBWAS. VOL. 1. TTz Progress. Qu8. H.lBeautleu, Publisher. Theo.[H. BeauHeu, frf/for. White Earth Agency, Minn* ftglu A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER -Toted to the interest of the White 'E&rth. Reservation and general North western News. Published and man aged by members of the Reserva tion. Correspondence bearing on the JJI- _ZP*^,?&*D questionproblem, or on general .u ?intereat, is solicited.i :-'!$- de- interest is solicited Subscription rates: num. For the conveniencee oVf those who may feel unable to pay for the paper yearly or who may wish to take it on trial, subscriptions may be sent its for six and three months at the yearly rates. All subscriptions or sums sent to us should be forwarded by Registered letter to insure safety. Adderess all communications to THE PROGRESS, White Earth, Minn. S"^ IME. HH TIME. .EMI I IME. T* IME. -1- 1 IME. FRANK M. HUME, HOTEL HINDQUARTERS. Ed. Oliver, Proprietor* Everything in first-class keeping with the times. The tables are always provided with JFish, Game and Vegetables in their season". Good stabling, ample accommodation for both, man and beast. BOARD BY THE AT OR WEEK. R. FAIRBANKS. Dealer in QROCERIES PROVISION. and Lumbermen's Supplies. o.' FLOUR and FEED kept on hand. Ginseng, Snake Root and Fnre Bought, Sold and Exchanged. THE PROGRESS JOB WORK ^AKD Printing Establishment. All kinds of Job Printing, such as Bill Heads, Letter Heads, Blanks, Cards, Tags etc., solicited. forrned of. V-"- Work Warranted and Satisfactio* ee-sah.ke-we-nine rg i" r. Sf?^ (Copyright.) The Ojibwas, DITIONS, As Handed Down for Centuries, From Father to Son. etc., etc. *S& ^ff%3 A l!V.' DETRQIT, MINNESOTA. DEALER IN Clocks, Watches and Jewelry. REPAIRING A SPECIALTY. WHITE EARTH Orders, if left with Benjamin Caswell, at Fairbanks & Bro.' Stora will receive prompt at tention. 4tf THEIR CUSTOMS AND TRA- singing and talking to the .in^isi- I%. By_ THo SaffeiV- ^m: r4HUeoraS medicine Seer of the White Earth OJibwaa. PART IV. QEE'-SAH-KE-WE-NIKE OR JUGGLERS. It may not be known to many of our readers that not many years ago there existed a class of indi viduals among the Indians who were known as Gee-sah-ke-we-ni- ne or Jugglersministers of the ''black art," whose vocations and feats were similar to those of the Eastern jugglers in such feats as the rope-tieing, knife-swallowing and fire-eating tricks, etc. These beings were looked upon as equal to the medicine men in many res pects, in fact we may say that the. representatives of the healing art were divided into four classes, viz: medicine-men, dreamers, blowers, and jugglers of the latter class we will now speak of, they were supposed to be leagued with the imaginary dwellers of" the 'spirit land,' and to hold communion with the different gods or spirits who presided over the destiny of the dead and living worlds, prominent among which was the Me-che-kans or 'king of the turtles,' who was regarded as a very powerful spirit for good or evil, and who could converse with and look all over the world of course there were many other spirits of minor power, but were all subject to the' turtle. And the Me-che-kans would com municate with the outside world through the Gee-sah-ke-we-nine, and when any person desired to know something about absent friends or relatives, or whether a sick person would overcome sick ness and live, or whether death would follow and where, one would find lost and stolen articles, as also a medium between the living and the dead and to bring tidings from departed friends etc., they would repair to some Gee-sah ke-we-nine and consult him about any subject they wished to.: be:": in-was v':i V: The mode of proceeding was generally in this wise, when any one wished.some^favor of the Me che-kans, they woul,d gp and con sult the Gee-sah-kee-we-nine, tak ing some gift along, usually tobacco^ with which to please the spirit, and be deserving of the good will of all the other spirits who may ta*ke part in the ceremony if everything was favorable ,th*e inquiring party would be informed and invited to come at a stated time and place,, where th$ Gee- sah-ke-We-ninne would have erect ed a cabinet or jugglery, this was built of stout tooles eight to ten feet long driven firmly into the ground and in such a manner as to form a circular body, these were attached at intervals on the inside to strong hoops and bound with thongs or some other stout cords, and Over this on the outside was fastened reed mats or a*puck-was, (made of cat tail reeds) blankets, were supposed to deign to hold bridge* would eoTTrmimiriTi with th* litrJ*.* -A *+V ^T?rr^L n?g' which he would proceed to entejl after him, and ascend to the wpr where he would sit for some time ble spirits, while those on the side would join in the song bit ing.a drum at the same time |he ^&/>'''* ^jr.? motion and mumblings as of mjny sounds would seem to come from round about the outside, (all these jugglers were masters of the art of Ventriloquism) and at a given sig all would join in tlje exclaimation of "how, how, ben-di-gan, ben-di gan Me-che-kans!" Come in come in Turtle And suddenly a sound as of a falling body would be heard followed by a commotion inside accompanied by words of welcome and great rejoicing, this was the signal that Me-che-kans had arrived and was ready to listen to and answer any inquiries they had to make after all questions had been answered, the party would deposit his or her gift out side of the cabinet and take their departure, feeling satisfied that they had conversed with visitors or departed friends from the world of spirits. PAITHS AND BELIEFS. There was still another' class who believed that between this life and the hereafter there coursed a river whose rapid waters was spanned by the bridge of Destiny, where the spirit of the departed had to cross over in order to reach the 'shining shores' of the 'happy hunting grounds,* this bridge was become agitated to a degree equal to the sins Said spiriU etc., so as to obscure the .interior for instance, if a spirit was worthxy opposition, of the cabinet from outside view, to enter the 'happy hunting '$***'*'''" When the shades of evening were grounds, it experienced no dim- falling, this was. the time that the culty in crossing,, on the other the inhabitants of the spirit world hand, if it Were an 'evil spirit' the W= "A higher Ciuilization TfiejMairitenanoe of Law and Order."K^w* s,Ata" "I'^f" all would join in a smoke?'Jaff^)r* the cabinet, closing the opening tSTS^^S^S^^T^^ would then decend, when imm|i- fj Transcript of Little frails, ately the cabinet would became a 1 in its lasm lssnte contains a loneK very# much agitated and begin Ho sway to and fro while a great effi- rected from the Merior'/'aridnot unrtsual to visit Washington SOT the pur' voices could be heard grjjffej||%t %ey ask that they may be allowed Let it not be supposed that all the Indians were formerly believ ers in the Gee-sah-ke-we-nine, but like all other communities or races of men they were divided in their faith and beliefs, religiously, so cially, spiritually and regarding the healing art, and skeptics were not nucommon amongst them. The largest denominations-h|^ ever were to be found among the followers of the Grand Medicine and Medicine priests, the other denominations or followers of the Jugglers, Dreamers, and Blow ers were about equally divided and in comparison to the adherents of Spiritualism, Faith-curers, Clair voyants, etc. however with the exception of the Atheists all beMille lieved in the existence and suprem acy of a Kije-Manito or the Great Spirit as also in the existence of a Mutche-Manito, or Evil Spirit in different existing states or spir it lands after death, viz: the 'wandering ground,' and the 'hap py hunting ground,' the former suppose^ to be the place where the spirit of the departed had to abide at least one year as a restless wanderer, doing penance for past transgressions daring, life," and sometimes the spirit could find no rest until relieved by the Medicine priests.who were kept informed of the wanderer's condition by the supposed visitations, of the spirits in their dreams, the 'happy hunting ground, of course, was looked upon as the 'home of rest, the* abiding place of the just and worthy/, supposed to be built of long limber tl^ose Indians to remove here be poles and very shaky, and when followed, what now seems to be a spirit was about to cross it would an impossibility would be accom plished without much trouble or i was guity of, becomefalso'agitateee 1 ^to -J.Wouli ^^ff v- himself with his guest or guests wo^uld continue falling indefinite." ges and take the same away. outside, and ly^^' _w. ,T DAVID KNICKBI^OCKER. a WHITE EARTH AGENCY, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY, JANUARY 21 1888.^:t^f^^feSf Na^ The Indian Right and Wrong, unalienabled rights among these,.are ^endowe by theithat LIFE"!LIBERTY, 1T-V Y}^88, ProPer Creato with certain AND THE PURSUIT OF HAP- ^Declarationof Independence.July 4thme- Remedies Will Cure the III I 1 chie ihe *i Mille La ro lette to the President, in- which 1 pose of making such arrangements as will give them a perfect title to reside at Mille Lac. They say, "I is true that we have been invited to leave our home at Mille Lac and go to White Earth and live with those who we refused to join in their intended raid upon the white people in 1862, and they claim that on ac count of their refusal to do this there has since existed ^a feeling between them, and that portion of their tribes living here. And-they also object to the suHden change in the mode of living which they would be subjected to if they were moved here, which would necessa rily place them in a dependent position upon the Government. They claim that Mille Lac is bet ter .adapted as a home for them on account of the abundance* of wild rice,-maple sugar, game, and wild berries thereabouts and "with the lumbermen they can always get work, and a good market for hay, and whatever else they may have |o^seJl^ They think White Earth is better suited for' the home of white men than for the Indians, and they ask that it may be spld and that they may be allowed to remain where they are. They make many reasonable and unrea sonable demands upon the Govern ment. And upon the whole the Lac Indians seem to be de termined not to leave their reser vation to come here. From our knowledge of those Indians, this stern opposition is manifested among the old chiefs only and we venture to say that' it could easily be overcome. Let the Government select the proper per sons to negotiate with them and all their objections for refusing to come here will vanish. It may take several years to get them all removed here, but this could finally be accomplished, and with their consent too. But to do this such men as Hon. H. Rice, Maj. C. A. Ruffeer Hqn. N Richardson, and Johnny Simmons should be selected, or any body else in whom they have confidence. It has been the mistake in the past to send men to deal with these In dians who do not understand their character or in whom the Indians HAVE NO CONFIDENCE Should our suggestions as to the selection of men who should negotiate with la 6 ltdl, te thd a would seat river, and being unable to rise please call, prove property, pay char- ar f' tfl Heifer about old lineld b^c0 and whitetwlegsyearOwner, wil 1 P/W*??^? a 3 I te- rn a-. GO C2 5 "ao &******* t mI NOTCE. ifc mto Cam 'Jfi eo^ "tV- O S $.&$ mmmmammm. IE1 yvcito -V&K- "ST -M XIX Hi ft W 5? EH 8 5? cos f" I EH EH t. 0 s$.'Q?* !\*a-TS%g* TW.' %u J' JB3T m.O THEPBGGhOSSK And keep posted on the Doings,' and Conditions of Minnesota's 'Coming Citizen.' :i "am AnnouncementX We'would call the attention of our readers to the announcement of the Pioneer Press which appears in the columns of this week's issue. We consider the Pioneer Press the leading paper of the Northwest and one of the ablest and most re liable published in the,. United States. i h? $4.d(51 3 05 ONE YEAR $4.0 0. *Y %-JM JFOB THE GREATEST OFFER EVER MADE. THE WEEKLY ST. PAUL, MINN. No cash eomnlMion allowed on this offer. Any pereon sending ONE DOLLAB fox year's subscription to the \U WEEKL PIONEE PRESS And ten cents to cover postage, will re* 3eive FBEE a copy of HISTORY OF THE'UHITED STATES, Handsomely and durably bound in Leatherette Tree Call, a book of 330' pagres, tnliy illustrated. (Tne regiUaz f^ price In any bookstorewould be $1.25). WONDERFUL INDUCEMENTS ir3S TO Q1TTCR8 UP OF CLUBS. 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