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tS voted to the interest of the White
AJ Earth Reservation and general Xorth-
1- western News. Published and man-
i% aged by members of the Iteserva-
l^^^*^***^ bearing on the In
dian questionproblem, or on general
White Earth Agency, Minn.
A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER de-
us for six and three months at the
yearly rates. All subscriptions or
sums sent to us should be forwarded
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Adderess all communications to
White Earth, Minn.
interest, is solicited.
Subscription rates: $2.00 per an- who represents the Muscogee or
num. For the convenience of those Creek nation at the National cap-
who may feel unable to pay for the
paper yearly or who may wish to take
it on trial, subscriptions may be sent
.EMI I IME.
FRANK M. HUM E,
Clocks, Watches and Jewelry.
REPAIRING A SPECIALTY.
WHITE EARTH Orders, if left with
Benjamin Caswell, at Fairbanks &
Bro.' Store will receive
Ed. Oliver, Proprietor,
Evwything in first-class keeping with
The tables are always provided with
Fish, Game and Vegetables in
their season. Good stabling,
ample accommodation for
both, man and ^aeast.
BOARD BY TTHE DAY OR WEEK.
FLOUR and FEED kept on hand.
Qineng, Snake Root and Furs
Bought, Sola And Exchanged.
AH kinds of Job Printing, such as
Bill Heads, Letter Heads,
Blanks* Cards, Tags etc, solicited.
The Indian Right and Wrong.
4-"WK hold these truths to be self-evident,
that ALL ME. are created equal ihat they
are endowed by their Creator with certain
unalienable rights that among these, are
LIFE, LIBERTY, AND THE PURSUIT OF HAP
PINESS."Declaration of Independence, July
TH SITUATION EXACTLY.
We take pleasure in reprinting
the following conversation which
recently took place at Washing
ton, between a St. Louis Globe
Democrat report* and Isr.pi-he-che
the venerable Creek chieftain,
an influential leaders of his
pected by officials of both parties *7public
at Washington. His views on the
Indian issues of the day seem to
be in perfect harmony with the
general sentiment of the Indians
throughout the United States.
Concerning the officious vaporings
of strangers to the customs, hab
its and situations of the Indians,
we do not hesitate to say, that
it is a curse to the best interest of
moral civilization and a murder
ous infringement to the enobling
principles of humanity and justice.
And it would be a blessing for
both, whites and Indians, did
nine-tenth of the persons who are
clamoring about what is good or
bad or 'what they flfow'f-know'
about the 'Indian and his cause,'
would hesitate for a brief period
(or better forever) and post them
selves as to the subject in hand,
and therebyif needs bebe bet
ter able to give the public some
practical common sense and less of
the sily foibles of chronic theo
rists and stale sentimentalists.
It is to this source of foreign, offi
cious incapacity that four-fifth of
the wrangle and draw-backs of the
past, over the management of In
dian affairs, is due.
Let the Indians be consulted
liberally on all matters concerning
their interest, and let their views,
however humble, receive that
homage which is due betwixt man
and man you will then make them
feel "that responsibility which
attaches to all human beings.''
Otherwise, if the old chronic sys
tem is persisted in, that of coming
to him with a hymn book in one
hand and a hungry purse in the
other, and with all your own and
your wife's relatives after you, to
live at the expense of the Govern
ment warehouses, occupy all the
positions which the law says be
longs to the Indians, and in fact
to live a life of luxury* and ease,
with but an occasional effort of
singing a hymn to appease the
cravings of their hungry stomachs,
and telling them that "they must
be good Indians, to pray morning,
noon and night, to quit using to
bacco and shun fire water, to not
go fishiug on Sundays and above
all, to tell the truth and live (just)
like the white people, with the
assurance that if they do this, at
some future day they -will die and
corner in the heavenly domain,
P&OYIBED, go toto heaven and occupy some ment of the Cherokee Advocate on
that no white settler or
and we can assure you that
IgMfr Warmnte* and Satisfaction twenty years from now should the
poor (p-o-o-r in purse) Indian*
politician wants it!" A hymn to that we could not, did we try,
accompany each and every lecture
write a plainer statement of 'the
in situation exactly'.
It ought to be remembered that
we have feelings just like th|
white people, and often we have
been treated like this. It is non
sense to tell the public that such
a person as I can favor allotment
of lands in severalty. No sir, it fe
a mistake. JWe want nothing d^
the kind until we have learned tb
be more like white men, to whieji
end we are doing all our ^scanty
means will permit.
"What do you and your people
think of the proposition to open
Oklahoma to settlement wa%
Well, we don't want it done,
and my people told me expressly
to oppose 'any measures proposed
for that purpose. If it is done
the white man's Government will
Talked with a Forked-Tongue.
to the Muscogee Indian, because
in the last treaty jou said you
would put Indians in Oklahoma.^
"But suppose the Government
occupies the land whether yoii
wish it or not I
Well we can't help it but if
all that the white missionaries
have told us of the white man's
God be true, if He hates, lies and
oppression as they are teaching
us, then your own God will surely
punish you, and in some way take
care of us You turned those lands
over to us as 'A HOME FOREVER,'
and gave us what you said was a
'TITLE that could not be broken?
and we are bound to
Hold Ton to Your Word.
We are self-sustaining and receive
no gratuity from the Government,
and only ^sk that which belongs
*'A higher Civilization: The Maintenance of Law and Order
hold out, civilization on the While
Earth reservation will be as laud
ably ?2 prosperous as it is to-day!
WHAT IS-PI-HE-CHE SAID.
Herewith we reprint the com*
the above, From the fact that it
'comes so nearoh,so nearhome,
"Is-pi4ie-chi flatly contradicts
those professional friends of the In-
WHITE EARTH AGENCY, MINPCEfTA SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1888.
On the suggestion being
to him that there was an impress*
ion in Washington that the Indi|
ans proper of the Territory wer^
desirous of having their lands in
severalty, but that the half-breedt
and educated men of the tribe op*
posed this policy for selfish rea
sons, desiring to retain the politif
cal power.. -j^'^W
"My friend, I have many "good
white friends, and I don't want to
say anything that will make any
of them mad or feel bad but this
statement you have heard is false.
It has always seemed strang***" to
me that white people living so far
the believe that they know
so much of the wishes of the Indi
ans. How can a full-blood Creek
Indian favor land in severalty?
I am old and have heard this talk
of allotment and seen it practiced
before to-day. You came to us in
Alabama in 1832 and talked very
nicely" jusf like Mr. Dawes, and
Mr. Springer and these other gdbd
men in Congress are talking now.
We believed you, and you allotted
our lands, and in a few months
your Government agents and oth
ers united and
Stole us Out Completely.
You then forced us to go to the
Indian Territory, and oii our way
there you subjected us to many
hardships. I know personally that
in some cases you would not even
permit us to bury our dead as they
would fall by the roads. I have
seen the emigration agents force
the people to move on and leave
their dead lying by a log to be
dians who persist in saying that,
the mixed-blooods and educated
Indians misrepresent the wishes of
the full-blood Indians. Is-pi-he-che
speaks the sentiments of ninety
nine of every hundred full-blood
Indians in the Territory.
So those gentlemen who keep
yelling at us Indians that we ought
to work hard and become educated
and civilized, and then when the
Indian does become educated,
thinks he ought to be punished
fox so doing if he differs with their
ideas, can retire for a while.
Their slaiiders about-the other
Indians desiring to hold on to ev
ery acre and hold it in common
because it gives them advantages
over the full-bloods, is exposed by
this prominent leader of the Mus
cogee or Greek people."
Cant Mate Treaty Obligation,!'
being asked what ""he
viewed a Pioneer Press report
"There," said he,'d you think
that any such flimsy agreement as
that 'secured by the Edmunds
Teller commission' can deprive
these Siouxs of their lands? Yet
the house proposes to change the
terms of this agreement, signed by
'chiefs and headmen,' and to rati
fy it as an agreement in c-o-n-
f-o-r-m-i-t-y with the terms of this
treatqc^I was with the investi
gating party that went over the
ground after this Edmunds-Teller
commission and found how the
work had been done. The Indi
ands themselves said to us: 'Do
you want some of our lands?
what are you here for We never
saw white men come in here that
they did not want something from
us. We never had a party of them
come that we did not miss some
thing when they were gone.' That
is the general feeling. No sir I
will not allow any such bill to go
through. I am, as.you know, in
favor of opening these lands as I
am the excess lands on any reser
vation but it must'"be "done AC
CORDING TO TREATY AND LAW."
"Dy you think it possible to get
the consent of these Indians?"
"Not as easy as it was some
years ago. If the house had passed
my first bill the consent of these
Indians could have been gotten
without difficulty, but it is not so
easy now. Still I think, with
proper effort, it can be done."
"Do you favor a cash annuity to
begin the work with and help it
4 I would grant that, for it
will give the Indians greater con
fidence. The thing for your peo
ple to do, and the only thing, is
to go energetically to work to se
cure the consent of these Indians
under the Sioux bill, or wait for
the action of the allotment law."
In an article which appeared
in the Progress issue of Dec. 17,
mention was made of the Sioux
treaty concluded Apr. 29, 1868
we also quoted from Art. 2, and
12, and expressing the hope that
whatever might be done looking
to the opening up of the great
Sioux reservation, due considera
tion would be observed of the ob
ligations therein mentioned. This
is undoubtedly the same clause
referred to by the Hon. Sen
ator. Be, this as it may, we are
pleased to see sucexpfessed laudably-noblein-th
above' conversation respecting
treaty obligations and the mainte
nance of National honor.
Regarding the Teller-Edmunds
commission, ther fact i man-e tacticssmade
Senator Ddwes was lately inter- Northwestern commission that
were sent out here to treat with
the Minnesota Ojibwas, and over
thought of the Sioux bill as pro
posed by the house committee on
Indian affairs proposing to ratify
the agreement of 1882
"Well," he replied with an omi
nous frown, "let them go ahead
and try that. They will final a
bigger fight on their hands than
they-expected. Why, the Presi
dent would NEVER SIGN SUCH A
BILL in the world. .They can't go
ahead and VIOLATE TREATY OB-
LIGATIONS in that way. Do you
know what the treaty with those
?SHere the Senator pulled down a
thick volume of the Indian treat
^and,re adthe^article guar
anteeing the Sioux their present
reservation and providing th ai no
uture agreement conveying away
their lands made with the Siouxs
shall be valid or binding unless
signed by THREE-FOURTHS of the
male adults of the Sioux nation.
to the course pursued bym threa
whose work and the arrogant
course pursued, so much opposi
tion and dissatisfaction has arisen,
and is to-day manifested.
"If we can only make a treaty
cost what will, come what may,
WE will be satisfied Seems to
have been the general sentiment
expressed all through the actions
of the said commission. The re
sult of which has been disastrous
to the accomplishment of the ob
Wehave no doubt that had lib
eral considerations been exercised
and the proper courtesy becoming
such a transaction been respected,
this with lu observance' of obli
gations to treaties and laws by the
commission, their object could
have been accomplished practic
ally and satisfactorily to all par
ties concerned, and the country
so far as the Minnesota Ojibwas
are concernedsaved the expenses
of a junket.
$4.00 DAILY $4.00
Of the Muscogee Ration, rSj|-
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